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1.
Int Urol Nephrol ; 51(12): 2143-2148, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31522378

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP) by resection loop or vaporization button is becoming a standard of care due to its better safety profile (less bleeding and less incidence of TUR syndrome). However, there are published data showing bipolar vaporization may be associated with increased late complications. In this study, we compared results of bipolar TURP using the resection loop versus vaporization button for treatment of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) to determine the relative safety profile. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Between January 2013 and March 2014, 89 patients with BPH were randomized to surgical intervention either by Olympus (Gyrus) Bipolar loop TURP or Olympus (Gyrus) Bipolar button vaporization. Inclusion criteria were; BPH with Q-max < 10 ml/s, IPSS > 18 and prostate volume > 40 g. All patients were evaluated preoperatively and at 1, 3 and 9 months. Evaluation included IPSS, uroflowmetry, prostate volume by ultrasound. Clavien complications and operative time were recorded. Statistical analysis was done using Statistical Package of Social Science (SPSS) version 17 software. RESULTS: 44 patients were included in bipolar TURP and 45 patients in vaporization arm. Preoperative mean prostate volume (59 g versus 58 g, p = 0.52) and mean IPSS (19 versus 20, p = 0.38) were equivalent in both groups. Vaporization was associated with a significant increase in operative time (mean of 81 ± 15 min range 40-110 versus 55 ± 10 min range 30-70 min, p < 0.001), less blood loss (0.8% versus 2.0% drop in hemoglobin, p < 0.001) but increased postoperative urinary frequency (80% versus 50%, p < 0.001), hematuria with clots up to 4 weeks post surgery (20% versus 2%, p < 0.001) and postoperative urethral stricture (11% versus 0%, p < 0.001). Both techniques improved urine flow with Q-max (17 ml/s versus 18 ml/s p = 0.22). Prostate volume (32 g versus 31 g, p = 0.31) and IPSS (6 versus 5, p = 0.22), were comparable in both treatment arms. CONCLUSIONS: Bipolar vaporization of the prostate, despite being a technically robust, speedy and with less intraoperative bleeding, appears to be associated with increased postoperative irritative symptoms, increased late-onset postoperative bleeding and high urethral stricture rates.

2.
Arab J Urol ; 11(2): 169-73, 2013 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26558077

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To assess the use of an acellular collagen matrix (Pelvicol, Bard Medical, Covington, GA, USA), a successful agent for reconstructive surgery, for enhancing penile girth. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Between June and December 2011, 18 patients (mean age 24 years, range 19-38) had their penis augmented with Pelvicol; the mean (range) penile circumference was 9.2 (7-13) cm before treatment. They were divided into two groups; the first (10 patients) had a Pelvicol sheet of 8 × 12 cm inserted through a V-Y suprapubic incision and wrapped around the shaft in a bilayer under the dartos fascia, but not covering the urethra, with division of the suspensory ligament. The second group of eight patients had the Pelvicol inserted through a subcoronal degloving incision and placed in one layer. The penile circumference was measured at 6 and 12 months after surgery. Patient satisfaction at 1 year after surgery was assessed as 'poor', 'unsatisfied', 'moderately satisfied', 'highly satisfied', or 'excellent'. RESULTS: The mean (range) increase in girth (circumference) was 2.8 (2-3.2) cm in group 1 and 1.7 (1.2-2) cm in group 2. In group 1, two patients were highly satisfied, four moderately satisfied and four unsatisfied; in group 2, three were moderately satisfied and five unsatisfied. Complications were common in both groups, with five patients in group 1 and three in group 2 developing severe penile oedema and ischaemic shaft ulcers. Removal of the graft was required in two patients in each group. CONCLUSION: This pilot study shows that Pelvicol is not an ideal option for enhancing penile girth, and the method of placement did not apparently influence the result.

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