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1.
HPB (Oxford) ; 2021 Mar 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33820689

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: The dissemination of laparoscopic liver resection (LLR) has been based on non-randomized studies and reviews of these. Aim of this study was to evaluate if the randomized evidence comparing LLR to open liver resection (OLR) supports these findings. METHODS: A prospectively registered (reviewregistry866) systematic review and meta-analysis following Cochrane and PRISMA guidelines comparing LLR to OLR for benign and malignant diseases was performed via Medline, Web of Science, CENTRAL up to 31.12.2020. The main outcome was postoperative complications. Risk of bias was assessed with the Cochrane Risk of Bias tool 2.0, certainty of evidence was assessed using the GRADE approach. RESULTS: The search yielded 2080 results. 13 RCTs assessing mostly minor liver resections with 1457 patients were included. There were reduced odds of experiencing any complication (Odds ratio (OR) [95% confidence interval (CI)]: 0·42 [0·30, 0·58]) and severe complications (OR[CI]: 0·51 [0·31, 0·84]) for patients undergoing LLR. LOS was shorter (Mean difference (MD) [CI]: -2·90 [-3·88, -1·92] days), blood loss was lower (MD: [CI]: -115·41 [-146·08, -84·75] ml), and functional recovery was better for LLR. All other outcomes showed no significant differences. CONCLUSIONS: LLR shows significant postoperative benefits. RCTs assessing long-term outcomes and major resections are needed.

2.
BMJ Open ; 11(2): e047867, 2021 Feb 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33619204

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: In recent years, minimally invasive distal pancreatectomy (MIDP) has been used with increasing frequency to accelerate patient recovery. Distal pancreatectomy has an overall morbidity rate of 30%-40%. The known advantages of minimally invasive techniques must be rigorously compared with those of open surgery before they can be completely implemented into clinical practice. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: DISPACT-2 is a multicentre randomised controlled trial comparing minimally invasive (conventional laparoscopic or robotic assisted) with open distal pancreatic resection in patients undergoing elective surgery for benign as well as malign diseases of the pancreatic body and tail. After screening for eligibility and obtaining informed consent, a total of 294 adult patients will be preoperatively randomised in a 1:1 ratio. The primary hypothesis is that MIDP is non-inferior to open distal pancreatectomy in terms of postoperative mortality and morbidity expressed as the Comprehensive Complication Index (CCI) within 3 months after index operation, with a non-inferiority margin of 7.5 CCI points. Secondary endpoints include pancreas-specific complications, oncological safety and patient reported outcomes. Follow-up for each individual patient will be 2 years. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: The DISPACT-2 trial has been approved by the Ethics Committee of the medical faculty of Heidelberg University (S-693/2017). Results of the primary endpoint will be available in 2024 and will be published at national and international meetings. Full results will be made available in an open access, peer-reviewed journal. The website www.dispact.de contains up-to-date information regarding the trial. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: DRKS00014011.

4.
HPB (Oxford) ; 2021 Jan 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33546896

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The clinical relevance of hyperamylasemia after distal pancreatectomy (DP) remains unclear and no internationally accepted definition of postoperative acute pancreatitis (POAP) exists. The aim of this study was to characterize POAP after DP and to assess the role of serum amylase (SA) in POAP. METHODS: Outcomes of 641 patients who had undergone DP between 2015 and 2019 were analyzed. Postoperative SA was determined in all patients. POAP was defined based on contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CT) or intraoperative findings during relaparotomy. RESULTS: An elevation of SA on postoperative day 1 (hyperamylasemiaPOD1) was found in 398 patients (62.1%). Twelve patients (1.87%) were identified with POAP. Ten patients demonstrated radiologic criteria for POAP and in two patients POAP was diagnosed during relaparotomy. Outcome of POAP patients was worse than that of patients with hyperamylasemiaPOD1 alone and that with normal SAPOD1 without POAP evidence (postoperative pancreatic fistula 50% vs 30.6% vs 18.5%; length of hospital stay 26 days vs 12 vs 11, respectively). The overall 90-day mortality of all 641 patients was 0.6%. CONCLUSION: POAP is a serious but rare complication after DP. HyperamylasemiaPOD1 is of prognostic relevance after DP, but it seems not sufficient as a single parameter to diagnose POAP.

5.
BMC Gastroenterol ; 21(1): 72, 2021 Feb 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33593301

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Anastomotic leakage (AL) in the upper gastrointestinal (GI) tract is associated with high morbidity and mortality rates. Especially intrathoracic anastomotic leakage leads to life-threatening complications. Endoscopic vacuum therapy (EVT) for anastomotic leakage after transthoracic esophageal resection represents a novel concept. However, sound clinical data are still scarce. This retrospective, single-center study aimed to evaluate the feasibility, effectiveness, and safety of EVT for intrathoracic anastomotic leakage following abdomino-thoracic esophageal resection. METHODS: From March 2014 to September 2019 259 consecutive patients underwent elective transthoracic esophageal resection. 72 patients (27.8%) suffered from AL. The overall collective in-hospital mortality rate was 3.9% (n = 10). Data from those who underwent treatment with EVT were included. RESULTS: Fifty-five patients were treated with EVT. Successful closure was achieved in 89.1% (n = 49) by EVT only. The EVT-associated complication rate was 5.4% (n = 3): bleeding occurred in one patient, while minor sedation-related complications were observed in two patients. The median number of EVT procedures per patient was 3. The procedures were performed at intervals of 3-5 days, with a 14-day median duration of therapy. The mortality rate of patients with AL was 7.2% (n = 4). Despite successfully terminated EVT, three patients died because of multiple organ failure, acute respiratory distress syndrome, and urosepsis (5.4%). One patient (1.8%) died during EVT due to cardiac arrest. CONCLUSIONS: EVT is a safe and effective approach for intrathoracic anastomotic leakages following abdomino-thoracic esophageal resections. It offers a high leakage-closure rate and the potential to lower leakage-related mortalities. TRIAL REGISTRATION: This trial was registered and approved by the Institutional Ethics Committee of the University of Heidelberg on 16.04.2014 (Registration Number: S-635/2013).

6.
Eur J Surg Oncol ; 2021 Feb 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33622577

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Adenosquamous carcinoma of the pancreas (ASCP) is a rare subtype of pancreatic adenocarcinoma. The aim of this study was to investigate the characteristics and outcomes of ASCP in comparison to pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC). MATERIALS AND METHODS: All patients with ASCP treated between December 2001 and December 2017 were identified from a prospective database. Clinicopathological and follow-up data were analyzed. A nested case-control-study with matched-pair analysis was performed to compare overall survival of ASCP and PDAC. RESULTS: Of 4009 patients undergoing surgery for pancreatic adenocarcinoma 91 patients had ASCP. Compared to PDAC ASCP were larger (4.0 vs. 3.2 cm; p < 0.0001), more frequently involved lymph nodes (88% vs. 78%; p = 0.0216), more frequently showed poor differentiation (G3: 79% vs. 36%; p < 0.0001) and more frequently were located in the pancreatic tail (19% vs. 10%; p = 0.0179). Overall median post-resection-survival was shorter in ASCP (10.8 vs. 20.5 months in PDAC; p = 0.0085), but 5-year survival rates were comparable (18.2% vs. 17.5%). After matching for the unevenly distributed prognostic factors survival after resection of ASCP and PDAC was comparable (p = 0.8301). Localization in the head or several parts of the pancreas, high CA 19-9 levels, and M1 disease were independent predictors of survival in patients with ASCP. CONCLUSION: ASCP is more aggressive with poorer differentiation and higher rates of lymph node metastases compared to PDAC. In spite of a shorter median survival, 5-year survival rates after surgical resection of about 18% can be expected in ASCP and support resection as part of a multimodal therapy as the treatment of choice in this rare cancer.

7.
Int J Cancer ; 148(11): 2779-2788, 2021 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33534179

RESUMO

Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) is projected to become the second cancer-related cause of death by 2030. Identifying novel risk factors, including genetic risk loci, could be instrumental in risk stratification and implementation of prevention strategies. Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) are involved in regulation of key biological processes, and the possible role of their genetic variability has been unexplored so far. Combining genome wide association studies and functional data, we investigated the genetic variability in all lncRNAs. We analyzed 9893 PDAC cases and 9969 controls and identified a genome-wide significant association between the rs7046076 SNP and risk of developing PDAC (P = 9.73 × 10-9 ). This SNP is located in the NONHSAG053086.2 (lnc-SMC2-1) gene and the risk allele is predicted to disrupt the binding of the lncRNA with the micro-RNA (miRNA) hsa-mir-1256 that regulates several genes involved in cell cycle, such as CDKN2B. The CDKN2B region is pleiotropic and its genetic variants have been associated with several human diseases, possibly though an imperfect interaction between lncRNA and miRNA. We present a novel PDAC risk locus, supported by a genome-wide statistical significance and a plausible biological mechanism.

8.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33420832

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: There is still no reference standard for the implantation of totally implantable venous access ports (TIVAPs). A recently published multicentre randomised controlled trial (RCT) revealed a significantly greater risk of pneumothorax after closed cannulation than after an open strategy. The aim of this meta-analysis was to provide an update of the available evidence for the safety and effectiveness of primary open versus closed cannulation strategy. METHODS: RCTs comparing outcomes of open cut-down of the cephalic vein and closed cannulation of the subclavian vein were sought systematically in MEDLINE, Web of Science and CENTRAL. The primary outcome was the occurrence of pneumothorax. A beta-binominal model was applied to combine the respective outcomes, and results are presented as odds ratios (OR) with 95% confidence interval (CI). RESULTS: Six RCTs with a total of 1831 patients were included in final analysis. Meta-analysis showed statistically significant superiority of the open cut-down technique regarding pneumothorax (OR 0.308, 95% CI 0.122 to 0.776), but a statistically significant higher failure of the primary technique for the open cut-down technique than for closed cannulation (OR 2.364, 95% CI 1.051 to 5.315). There were no significant differences between the two procedures regarding other morbidity endpoints. CONCLUSION: This meta-analysis shows a general superiority of open cut-down of the cephalic vein over closed cannulation of the subclavian vein regarding the occurrence of pneumothorax. Open cut-down should be the first-line approach for TIVAP implantation. Closed cannulation should be performed with ultrasound as second-line procedure if the open technique fails. SYSTEMATIC REVIEW REGISTRATION: PROSPERO CRD42013005180.

9.
Cancer Imaging ; 21(1): 13, 2021 Jan 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33468259

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to compare intravoxel incoherent motion (IVIM) diffusion weighted (DW) MRI and CT perfusion to assess tumor perfusion of pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC). METHODS: In this prospective study, DW-MRI and CT perfusion were conducted in nineteen patients with PDAC on the day before surgery. IVIM analysis of DW-MRI was performed and the parameters perfusion fraction f, pseudodiffusion coefficient D*, and diffusion coefficient D were extracted for tumors, upstream, and downstream parenchyma. With a deconvolution-based analysis, the CT perfusion parameters blood flow (BF) and blood volume (BV) were estimated for tumors, upstream, and downstream parenchyma. In ten patients, intratumoral microvessel density (MVDtumor) and microvessel area (MVAtumor) were analyzed microscopically in resection specimens. Correlation coefficients between IVIM parameters, CT perfusion parameters, and histological microvessel parameters in tumors were calculated. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis was performed for differentiation of tumors and upstream parenchyma. RESULTS: ftumor significantly positively correlated with BFtumor (r = 0.668, p = 0.002) and BVtumor (r = 0.672, p = 0.002). There were significant positive correlations between ftumor and MVDtumor/ MVAtumor (r ≥ 0.770, p ≤ 0.009) as well as between BFtumor and MVDtumor/ MVAtumor (r ≥ 0.697, p ≤ 0.025). Correlation coefficients between ftumor and MVDtumor/ MVAtumor were not significantly different from correlation coefficients between BFtumor and MVDtumor/ MVAtumor (p ≥ 0.400). Moreover, f, BF, BV, and permeability values (PEM) showed excellent performance in distinguishing tumors from upstream parenchyma (area under the ROC curve ≥0.874). CONCLUSIONS: The study shows that IVIM derived ftumor and CT perfusion derived BFtumor similarly reflect vascularity of PDAC and seem to be comparably applicable for the evaluation of tumor perfusion for tumor characterization and as potential quantitative imaging biomarker. TRIAL REGISTRATION: DRKS, DRKS00022227, Registered 26 June 2020, retrospectively registered. https://www.drks.de/drks_web/navigate.do?navigationId=trial . HTML&TRIAL_ID=DRKS00022227.

10.
Trials ; 22(1): 40, 2021 Jan 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33419452

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Partial pancreatoduodenectomy (PD) is the indicated surgical procedure for a wide range of benign and malignant diseases of the pancreatic head and distal bile duct and offers the only potential cure for pancreatic head cancer. The current gold standard, open PD (OPD) performed via laparotomy, is associated with morbidity in around 40% of cases, even at specialised centres. Robotic PD (RPD) might offer a viable alternative to OPD and has been shown to be feasible. Encouraging perioperative results have been reported for RPD in a number of small, non-randomised studies. However, since those studies showed a considerable risk of bias, a thorough comparison of RPD with OPD is warranted. METHODS: The EUROPA (EvalUation of RObotic partial PAncreatoduodenectomy) trial is designed as a randomised controlled unblinded exploratory surgical trial with two parallel study groups. A total of 80 patients scheduled for elective PD will be randomised after giving written informed consent. Patients with borderline or non-resectable carcinoma of the pancreatic head as defined by the National Comprehensive Cancer Network guidelines, distant metastases or an American Society of Anaesthesiologists (ASA) score > III will be excluded. The experimental intervention, RPD, will be compared with the control intervention, OPD. An intraoperative dropout of approximately eight patients per group is expected because they may receive another type of surgical procedure than planned. Overall, 64 patients need to be analysed. The primary endpoint of the trial is overall postoperative morbidity within 90 days after index operation, measured using the Comprehensive Complication Index (CCI). The secondary endpoints include the feasibility of recruitment and assessment of clinical, oncological and safety parameters and quality of life and cost-effectiveness. DISCUSSION: The EUROPA trial is the first randomised controlled trial comparing RPD with OPD. Differences in postoperative morbidity will be evaluated to design a future multicentre confirmatory efficacy trial. TRIAL REGISTRATION: German Clinical Trial Register DRKS00020407 . Registered on 9 March 2020.

11.
BMC Surg ; 20(1): 324, 2020 Dec 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33298038

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Early diagnosis of anastomotic leakage (AL) after esophageal resection is crucial for the successful management of this complication. Inflammatory serological markers are indicators of complications during the postoperative course. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the prognostic value of routine inflammatory markers to predict anastomotic leakage after transthoracic esophageal resection. METHODS: Data from all consecutive patients undergoing transthoracic esophageal resection between January 2010 and December 2016 were analyzed from a prospective database. Besides clinicodemographic parameters, C-reactive protein, white blood cell count and albumin were analyzed and the Noble/Underwood (NUn) score was calculated to evaluate their predictive value for postoperative anastomotic leakage. Diagnostic accuracy was measured by sensitivity, specificity, and negative and positive predictive values using area under the receiver operator characteristics curve. RESULTS: Overall, 233 patients with transthoracic esophageal resection were analyzed, 30-day mortality in this group was 3.4%. 57 patients (24.5%) suffered from AL, 176 patients were in the AL negative group. We found significant differences in WBCC, CRP and NUn scores between patients with and without AL, but the analyzed markers did not show an independent relevant prognostic value. For CRP levels below 155 mg/dl from POD3 to POD 7 the negative predictive value for absence of AI was > 80%. Highest diagnostic accuracy was detected for CRP levels on 4th POD with a cut-off value of 145 mg/l reaching negative predictive value of 87%. CONCLUSIONS: In contrast to their prognostic value in other surgical procedures, CRP, WBCC and NUn score cannot be recommended as independent markers for the prediction of anastomotic leakage after transthoracic esophageal resection. CRP is an accurate negative predictive marker and discrimination of AL and no-AL may be helpful for postoperative clinical management. Trial registration The study was approved by the local ethical committee (S635-2013).

13.
PLoS One ; 15(11): e0242785, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33253318

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Loss of body weight is often seen in pancreatic cancer and also predicts poor prognosis. Thus, maintaining muscle mass is an essential treatment goal. The primary aim was to investigate whether progressive resistance training impacts muscle and adipose tissue compartments. Furthermore, the effect of body composition on overall survival (OS) was investigated. METHODS: In the randomized SUPPORT-study, 65 patients were assigned to 6-month resistance training (2x/week) or a usual care control group. As secondary endpoint, muscle strength of the upper and lower extremities was assessed before and after the intervention period. Routine CT scans were assessed on lumbar L3/4 level for quantification of total-fat-area, visceral-fat-area, subcutaneous-fat-area, intramuscular-fat-area, visceral-to-subcutaneous fat ratio (VFR), muscle-area (MA), muscle-density and skeletal-muscle-index (SMI). OS data were retrieved. RESULTS: Of 65 patients, 53 had suitable CT scans at baseline and 28 completed the intervention period with suitable CT scans. There were no significant effects observed of resistance training on body composition (p>0.05; effect sizes ω2p <0.02). Significant moderate to high correlations were found between MA and muscle strength parameters (r = 0.57-0.85; p<0.001). High VFR at baseline was a predictor of poor OS (VFR≥1.3 vs. <1.3; median OS 14.6 vs. 45.3 months; p = 0.012). Loss of muscle mass was also a predictor of poor OS (loss vs. gain of SMI; median OS 24.6 vs. 50.8 months; p = 0.049). CONCLUSION: There is anabolic potential in patients with resectable pancreatic cancer. A progressive resistance training may help patients to maintain their muscle mass and avoid muscle depletion. CT-quantified muscle mass at the level of L3/4 showed a good correlation to muscle strength. Therefore, maintaining muscle mass and muscle strength through structured resistance training could help patients to maintain their physical functioning. A high VFR at baseline and a high loss of muscle mass are predictors of poor OS. Registered on ClinicalTrials.gov (NCT01977066).

15.
BMJ Open ; 10(9): e040406, 2020 09 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32998931

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Pancreatic cancer is the fourth-leading cause of cancer-related death in developed countries. Despite advances in systemic chemotherapy, the mainstay of curative therapy for non-metastatic disease is surgical resection. However, the perioperative period is characterised by stress and inflammatory reactions that can contribute to metastatic spread and disease recurrence. Catecholamines and prostaglandins play a crucial role in these reactions. Therefore, a drug repurposing of betablockers and cyclooxygenase inhibitors seems reasonable to attenuate tumour-associated inflammation by inhibiting psychological, surgical and inflammatory stress responses. This may cause a relevant antitumourigenic and antimetastatic effect during the perioperative period, a window for cancer-directed therapy that is currently largely unexploited. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: This is a prospective, single-centre, two-arm randomised, patient and observer blinded, placebo-controlled, phase-II trial evaluating safety and feasibility of combined perioperative treatment with propranolol and etodolac in adult patients with non-metastatic cancer of the pancreatic head undergoing elective pancreatoduodenectomy. 100 patients fulfilling the eligibility criteria will be randomised to perioperative treatment for 25 days perioperatively with a combination of propranolol and etodolac or placebo. Primary outcome of interest will be safety in terms of serious adverse events and reactions within 3 months. Furthermore, adherence to trial medication will be assessed as feasibility outcomes. Preliminary efficacy data will be evaluated for the purpose of power calculation for a potential subsequent phase-III trial. The clinical trial is accompanied by a translational study investigating the mechanisms of action of the combined therapy on a molecular basis. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: The PROSPER-trial has been approved by the German Federal Institute for Drugs and Medical Devices (reference number 4042875) and the Ethics Committee of the Medical Faculty of the University of Heidelberg (reference number AFmo-385/2018). The final trial results will be published in a peer-reviewed journal and will be presented at appropriate national and international conferences. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBERS: DRKS00014054; EudraCT number: 2018-000415-25.

16.
Surgery ; 2020 Oct 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33032819

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Modern pancreatic cancer surgery changed with the introduction of effective neoadjuvant therapies. Complete tumor resection is the mainstay for long-term, disease-free, and overall survival and has been a prerequisite for decreasing local recurrence. The medial resection margin in the area of the superior mesenteric vessels limits the radicalness of the resection, especially in borderline and locally advanced cases. Therefore, the periarterial soft tissue around the peripancreatic visceral arteries must be completely cleared. This procedure, namely periarterial divestment, is technically demanding but often represents an alternative to arterial resection. OBJECTIVE: Here we describe the technique and our initial experience with periarterial divestment along the peripancreatic visceral arteries during pancreatic surgery. This technique, in combination with previously published resection strategies, such as artery first maneuver and mesenterico-portal venous bypass first, enables tumor resection in locally advanced pancreatic cancer. CONCLUSION: Periarterial divestment can prevent the need for arterial resection in borderline and locally advanced pancreatic cancer, especially after neoadjuvant therapy. The feasibility, improved safety, and oncologic equivalence of arterial divestment versus arterial resection for pancreatic cancer surgery must be evaluated by clinical trials.

17.
Cancer Discov ; 2020 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33060108

RESUMO

Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) is characterized by extensive desmoplasia, which challenges the molecular analyses of bulk tumor samples. Here we FACS-purified epithelial cells from human PDAC and normal pancreas and derived their genome-wide transcriptome and DNA methylome landscapes. Clustering based on DNA methylation revealed two distinct PDAC groups displaying different methylation patterns at regions encoding repeat elements. Methylationlow tumors are characterized by higher expression of endogenous retroviral (ERV) transcripts and dsRNA sensors which leads to a cell intrinsic activation of an interferon signature (IFNsign). This results in a pro-tumorigenic microenvironment and poor patient outcome. Methylationlow/IFNsignhigh and Methylationhigh/IFNsignlow PDAC cells preserve lineage traits, respective of normal ductal or acinar pancreatic cells. Moreover, ductal-derived KrasG12D/Trp53-/- mouse PDACs show higher expression of IFNsign compared to acinar-derived counterparts. Collectively, our data point to two different origins and etiologies of human PDACs, with the aggressive Methylationlow/IFNsignhigh subtype potentially targetable by agents blocking intrinsic IFN-signaling.

18.
Chirurg ; 2020 Oct 16.
Artigo em Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33064158

RESUMO

Robotic surgical procedures have been implemented and have become an important development in pancreatic surgery with an increasing acceptance worldwide. Nearly all types of pancreatic surgery have now been performed robotically and especially standardized resections, such as distal pancreatectomy (RDP) and partial pancreatoduodenectomy (RPD) have gained importance despite a potentially long learning curve and high associated procedural costs. The present review article summarizes the available literature and evidence on the respective procedures focused on their use for indications of malignancy.

19.
HPB (Oxford) ; 2020 Oct 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33087306

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The feasibility and safety of minimally invasive enucleation (ME) for benign or borderline pancreatic tumors is still unclear. The aim of this study was to compare outcomes between ME and open enucleation (OE). METHODS: All patients undergoing pancreatic enucleation between October 2001 and January 2020 were analyzed from a prospective database. Consecutive patients undergoing ME were compared with patients undergoing OE in a matched-pair analysis (1:2). RESULTS: Of 358 patients, undergoing enucleation, 120 matched patients (ME n = 40, OE n = 80) were included. Patients undergoing ME had less blood loss (median 50 vs. 100 ml, P = 0.025) and had a higher proportion of patients discharged by 7 days, than patients undergoing OE (38% vs. 18%, P = 0.016). The rates of clinically relevant postoperative pancreatic fistula (POPF) and major complications (Clavien grade ≥ 3) were similar between both groups. Risk factor analysis for POPF B/C showed no significant parameters associated with POPF, including tumor size and proximity to the main pancreatic duct. CONCLUSION: Compared with conventional OE, ME reduces the amount of bleeding and allows earlier postoperative discharge, without increasing the incidence of major complications. Thus, minimally invasive enucleation should be considered for benign tumors of the pancreas when technically and oncologically feasible.

20.
Ann Surg ; 2020 Jun 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33055587

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the perioperative and oncologic long-term outcomes of patients with LAPC after surgical resection at a high-volume center for pancreatic surgery. BACKGROUND: The role of surgery in LAPC with arterial involvement is controversial. METHODS: We analyzed 385 consecutive patients undergoing PAR (n = 195) or PAD (n = 190) of the encased artery for LAPC between January 1, 2003 and April 30, 2019. RESULTS: There were 183 total pancreatectomies, 113 partial pancreatoduodenectomies, 79 distal pancreatectomies, and 10 resections for tumor recurrences, including 121 multivisceral resections and 171 venous resections. Forty-three patients (11.4%) had resectable oligometastatic disease. All of the 190 patients undergoing PAD (100%) and 95 of the 195 patients undergoing PAR (48.7%) received neoadjuvant chemotherapy. The R0 (circumferential resection margin negative) resection rate was 28%. The median hospital stay was 15 days (range: 3-236). The median survival after surgery for LAPC was 20.1 months and the overall 5-year survival rate 12.5%. In-hospital mortality was 8.8% for the entire patient cohort (n = 385). With increasing case load and growing expertise, there was a significant reduction of in-hospital mortality to 4.8% (n = 186) after 2013 (P = 0.005). The learning curve of experienced pancreatic surgeons for PAR was 15 such procedures. CONCLUSION: Our data demonstrate that an arterial surgical approach is effective in LAPC with promising long-term survival. PAD after neoadjuvant treatment is safe. PAR is a technically demanding procedure and requires a high level of expertise.

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