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1.
Shokuhin Eiseigaku Zasshi ; 59(4): 174-182, 2018.
Artigo em Japonês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30158396

RESUMO

Colchicum autumnale is a perennial, toxic plant that originated in Europe and North Africa. Although inedible, it is occasionally consumed accidentally because it resembles the edible Allium victorialis and other related species. This misidentification has led to episodes of food poisoning in Japan. However, determining the causative agent of a food poisoning outbreak by observing the sample visually or analyzing the chemical composition is challenging when dealing with small samples. Therefore, we developed a novel set of PCR primers that anneal to the internal transcribed spacer (ITS) region of C. autumnale ribosomal DNA, designed to detect the presence of C. autumnale in small samples. These primers successfully detected C. autumnale in all samples in which it was present, and did not give a positive PCR band in the 48 other distinct crop species tested, in which it was not present. Further, our method could amplify DNA from samples of C. autumnale that had been heat-treated and digested using artificial gastric fluids. Thus, this PCR strategy is highly specific and can be used to distinguish C. autumnale simply and rapidly from various other crops.


Assuntos
Colchicum/classificação , DNA de Plantas/isolamento & purificação , Doenças Transmitidas por Alimentos/diagnóstico , Primers do DNA , DNA Espaçador Ribossômico/genética , Humanos , Japão , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase
2.
Shokuhin Eiseigaku Zasshi ; 58(1): 32-35, 2017.
Artigo em Japonês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28260730

RESUMO

Kuwazuimo (Alocasia odora) and shimakuwazuimo (Alocasia cucullata) are evergreen perennial plants that originated in East Asia. Although inedible, they are occasionally eaten by mistake because they resemble satoimo (Colocasia esculenta), and this has caused food poisoning in Japan. It is not easy to determine the cause of a food poisoning outbreak from the shape or chemical composition when the available sample is small. Therefore, we developed a new primer pair for PCR to identify kuwazuimo and shimakuwazuimo in small samples, based on the internal transcribed spacer (ITS) region of ribosomal DNA. Using PCR with the developed primer pair, we detected all samples of kuwazuimo obtained from the market, while excluding 17 other kinds of crops. The samples were identified as shimakuwazuimo by DNA sequencing of the PCR products. The present PCR method showed high specificity and was confirmed to be applicable to the identification of kuwazuimo and shimakuwazuimo from various crops.


Assuntos
Alocasia/química , Alocasia/genética , Análise de Alimentos/métodos , Contaminação de Alimentos/análise , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase/métodos , Alocasia/envenenamento , DNA Ribossômico , Doenças Transmitidas por Alimentos/etiologia , Doenças Transmitidas por Alimentos/prevenção & controle , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Análise de Sequência de DNA
3.
Shokuhin Eiseigaku Zasshi ; 49(4): 326-31, 2008 Aug.
Artigo em Japonês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-18787320

RESUMO

Interactions between grapefruit juice and medications have long been recognized. In recent years, several furanocoumarins (FCs) that inhibit P450 activity in intestinal microsomes have been isolated from grapefruit juice. FCs, i.e., bergamottin (BG), bergapten (BP), bergaptol (BT) and 6',7'-dihydroxybergamottin (DHB), in samples was extracted with acetonitrile, and separated on a Phenyl column using 0.1% phosphoric acid-acetonitrile gradient as a mobile phase, with monitoring at 311 nm. The recoveries of BG, BP, BT and DHB from lemon juice spiked at the level of 5.0 microg/g were 103+/-0.7%, 99.5+/-0.2%, 96.5+/-0.2% and 90.1+/-0.2%, respectively. The quantification limits were 1.0 microg/g in samples. The contents of BG, BP and DHB in grapefruit juice (n=13), citrus fruit of 20 species and health food (n=16) were measured. The contents of BG were 0-16 microg/g, 0-16 microg/g and 0-5.6 microg/g, BT were 0-39 microg/g, 0-13 microg/g and 0-28 microg/g, DHB were 0-10 microg/g, 0-35 microg/g and 0-6.2 microg/g, respectively. BP was not detected. These results suggest that patients prescribed calcium antagonists or antiallergic agents should be cautions about their intake of FCs from grapefruit juice, citrus and health foods.


Assuntos
Citrus paradisi/química , Alimentos Orgânicos/análise , Furocumarinas/análise , 5-Metoxipsoraleno , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Citrus/química , Interações Medicamentosas , Metoxaleno/análogos & derivados , Metoxaleno/análise
4.
Shokuhin Eiseigaku Zasshi ; 49(1): 31-6, 2008 Feb.
Artigo em Japonês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-18344656

RESUMO

Simultaneous determination of three artificial sweeteners, neotame (NE), alitame (AL) and aspartame (APM) in various foods by high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) was developed. Chopped or homogenized samples were packed into cellulose tubing with 0.01 mol/L hydrochloric acid containing 10% sodium chloride, and dialyzed against 0.01 mol/L hydrochloric acid for 24-48 hours. The dialyzate was passed through an Oasis MCX cartridge, and the cartridge was washed with water and methanol. Then the three sweeteners were eluted from the cartridge with a mixture of 0.5 mol/L ammonium chloride-acetonitrile (3 : 2). The sweeteners were separated on a Cosmosil 5C18-AR column using a gradient mode with a mobile phase of 0.01 mol/L phosphate buffer (pH 4.0)-acetonitrile and were detected at 210 nm. The recoveries of NE, AL and APM from 8 kinds of foods spiked with 10 and 100 microg/g were 86-100% and 89-104%, respectively. The detection limits of NE, AL and APM were 1 microg/g in samples. Furthermore, the three sweeteners were successfully identified by using liquid chromatography with tandem mass spectrometry.


Assuntos
Aspartame/análise , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão/métodos , Dipeptídeos/análise , Análise de Alimentos/métodos , Edulcorantes/análise , Proteínas de Transporte
5.
Shokuhin Eiseigaku Zasshi ; 47(2): 85-8, 2006 Apr.
Artigo em Japonês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-16729670

RESUMO

A survey of vitamin K contents was carried out on 41 aojiru products and 10 vegetable juice products that were purchased from local markets. Aojiru is a health food made from green vegetables such as kale, ashitaba, mulberry leaf, barley grass and the like. The products are usually provided in various forms, such as frozen, powder and tablet. Vitamin K in samples was extracted with n-hexane, and separated on a C18 column with methanol-ethanol (95 : 5). After separation, vitamin K was converted to the hydroquinone form on a reduction column and determined with a fluorescence detector at lambdaex 240 nm and lambdaem 430 nm. The contents of vitamin K1 (phylloquinone) in frozen samples (n = 8), powder samples (n = 26) and tablet samples (n=7) were 90-190, 410-3,300, and 640-3,100 microg/100 g, respectively, and that in vegetable juice (n= 10) was 1-12 microg/100 g. Vitamin K2 (menaquinone) was not detected. The daily intake of vitamin K from aojiru products was estimated to be 99-380, 20-250 and 27-210 microg/day for frozen, powder and tablet types, respectively. These results suggest that patients prescribed warfarin should take care about their intake of vitamin K from aojiru products.


Assuntos
Alimentos Orgânicos/análise , Vitamina K/análise , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Vitamina K 1/análise , Vitamina K 2/análise
6.
Shokuhin Eiseigaku Zasshi ; 45(2): 81-6, 2004 Apr.
Artigo em Japonês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-15272605

RESUMO

A method for the simultaneous determination of stevioside (Stev), rebaudioside A (RebA) and glycyrrhizic acid (GA) in foods was developed. These sweeteners were extracted from foods, except for dried fishes and shellfishes, by dialysis against Tris-HCl buffer (pH 9.0). Dried fishes and shellfishes were extracted with Tris-HCl buffer--methanol (2:8). The extracts were cleaned up with an Oasis MAX cartridge. The cartridge was washed with 0.05 mol/L sodium acetate (pH 4.0)--methanol (19:1), and the three sweeteners were eluted with 0.1 mol/L phosphoric acid--acetonitrile (1:1). Stev, RebA and GA in the eluate were chromatographed on a Develosil RPAQUEOUS-AR-5 (4.6 mm i.d. x 250 mm) column with 0.02 mol/L phosphoric acid-acetonitrile--methanol (90:55:5) as a mobile phase and monitored at 210 nm for Stev and RebA, and at 254 nm for GA. The recoveries of Stev, RebA and GA from 8 kinds of foods spiked at the level of 0.1 g/kg were 81.7-101%, 81.5-100% and 78.6-95.0%, respectively. The determination limits were 0.01 g/kg in samples.


Assuntos
Diterpenos de Caurano , Diterpenos/análise , Análise de Alimentos/métodos , Glucosídeos/análise , Ácido Glicirrízico/análise , Edulcorantes/análise , Terpenos/análise , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão
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