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1.
BMC Nurs ; 21(1): 222, 2022 Aug 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35948976

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The prevalence of pressure injuries among community-dwelling older adults in countries worldwide is still a serious problem. In Indonesia, older adults mostly rely on family members for (medical) care. Therefore, involving family members in the prevention and treatment of pressure injuries (PIs) could potentially decrease its prevalence rates. However, family members are usually not trained for such tasks. Hence, it is essential to first get more insight into the current state of affairs on family members' knowledge, attitude and actual practice of preventing PIs. Due to the lack of an existing instrument to measure knowledge, attitude and practice of family caregivers in preventing PIs, this study focuses on the development and evaluation of psychometric properties of such an instrument. METHODS: Three phases of instrument development and evaluation were used, including item generation, instrument construction and psychometric testing of the instrument. A total of 372 family caregivers of community-dwelling older adults who randomly selected participated in this study. Principal factor analysis, confirmatory factor analysis and Cronbach's alpha were performed to evaluate factor structure and internal consistency of the Knowledge, Attitude and Practice of Family Caregivers at Preventing Pressure Injuries (KAP-PI) instrument. RESULTS: The final version of the KAP-PI-instrument consists of a 12-item knowledge domain, a 9-item attitude domain, and a 12-item practice domain with Cronbach's Alpha values of 0.83, 0.93 and 0.89, respectively. The instrument appeared to be both reliable and valid. CONCLUSION: The KAP-PI instrument can be used in family nursing or community nursing practice, education, and research to assess knowledge, attitude and practice of pressure injury prevention of family caregivers.

2.
Int J Palliat Nurs ; 28(7): 314-321, 2022 Jul 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35861440

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The concept of end of life (EOL), as in the term end-of-life care, is used synonymously in both palliative and terminal care. Practitioners and researchers both require a clearer specification of the end-of-life concept to be able to provide appropriate care in this phase of life and to conduct robust research on a well-described theoretical basis. AIMS: The aim of this study was to critically analyse the end-of-life concept and its associated terminology. METHOD: A concept analysis was performed by applying Rodgers' evolutionary concept analysis method. FINDINGS: Time remaining, clinical status/physical symptoms, psychosocial symptoms and dignity were identified as the main attributes of the concept. Transition into the end-of-life phase and its recognition were identified as antecedents. This study demonstrates that end-of-life care emerged following the application of the 'end-of-life concept' to clinical practice. CONCLUSION: The early recognition of the end-of-life phase seems to be crucial to ensuring an individual has well-managed symptoms and a dignified death.


Assuntos
Assistência Terminal , Morte , Humanos , Cuidados Paliativos , Respeito
3.
Healthcare (Basel) ; 10(6)2022 May 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35742058

RESUMO

Stroke impacts care dependency, and thus the patient needs home care after suffering a stroke. This study was carried out to investigate similarities and differences between the assessments made by family caregivers and nurses regarding the care dependency level of stroke patients in Indonesian hospitals. This study was a comparative study of the care dependency of stroke patients. Data were collected on the stroke wards on the day of admission using the Care Dependency Scale (CDS). The sample consisted of 118 family caregivers and 21 nurses. The Wilcoxon signed-rank test was performed to determine the mean differences between the paired data collected by family caregivers and nurses. The results of this study show that significant differences exist between the family caregivers' and nurses' assessments regarding the care dependency levels of stroke patients. Nurses assigned higher scores to all CDS items than family caregivers did. Significant differences between the family caregivers' and nurses' assessments were observed on numerous items of the Care Dependency Scale. This study contributes to efforts to raise awareness of potential differences in perceived care dependency levels of stroke patients. The findings can help nurses plan the patient's discharge together with family caregivers.

4.
J Adv Nurs ; 78(8): 2357-2366, 2022 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34981564

RESUMO

AIM: To explore the perceived quality of collaboration in dehydration care among nursing and medical staff in Dutch nursing homes. DESIGN: A cross-sectional study. METHODS: An online questionnaire was administered to nursing and medical staff in February 2020 to assess the quality of collaboration in dehydration care and its influencing factors. Descriptive statistics, chi-square tests and multinomial logistic regression analysis were used to describe the results and examine differences between groups. RESULTS: In total, 695 questionnaires were completed by multiple levels of (specialized) nursing staff and nursing home physicians. The quality of collaboration was assessed as good (23.2%), sufficient (59.4%) and insufficient (17.4%). Predicting factors related to perceiving the quality of collaboration as good were working experience, dehydration training during education and the presence of a dehydration protocol/guideline in the nursing home. Enabling factors related to collaboration in dehydration care were 'availability of sufficient aids to detect dehydration', 'continuity in the care relationship' and 'sufficient background data of the resident in the care record'. Factors that hinder collaboration were 'insufficient knowledge about dehydration among nursing and medical staff', 'the absence of a team meeting in which the topic dehydration is discussed' and 'insufficient staffing level among nursing and medical staff'. CONCLUSION: Collaboration in dehydration care was generally assessed as sufficient. Participants with >10 years of working experience, who received dehydration training during their education and had a dehydration protocol/guideline available in the nursing home, perceived the quality of collaboration more often as good. Experienced barriers and enablers for collaboration in dehydration care varied between professional groups. Therefore, it is important to gain more insight into (informal) caregivers' perceptions on what is expected from each other about dehydration care. IMPACT: Care professionals experience several limiting factors in collaborating in dehydration care. Addressing these factors could optimize dehydration care in Dutch nursing homes.


Assuntos
Desidratação , Recursos Humanos de Enfermagem , Cuidadores/educação , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Casas de Saúde
5.
Aging Ment Health ; 26(6): 1270-1280, 2022 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33904791

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To examine the expectations of informal caregivers, nurses, and dementia trainers regarding the support of (physical and psychosocial) human needs by humanoid social assistive robots (SARs) in dementia care. METHODS: A qualitative study was conducted with 11 homogeneous focus groups of informal caregivers, nurses and dementia trainers providing dementia care at home, in adult daycare centers, or in nursing homes. A qualitative content analysis was performed using a concept- and data-driven coding frame. RESULTS: Focus group discussions with 52 individuals were held. Participants reported mostly positive expectations and stated that SARs could offer potential support in all components of human needs, especially in avoiding danger (e.g. recognise danger, organise help), communication/contact with others (e.g. enable telephone calls, provide company), daily activities (e.g. remind of appointments, household obligations), recreational activities (e.g. provide music), eating/drinking (e.g. help cook), and mobility/body posture (e.g. give reminders/instructions for physical exercise). Participants also mentioned some negative expectations in all human needs, predominantly in communication/contact with others (e.g. loss of interpersonal interaction) and avoiding danger (e.g. scepticism regarding emergencies). CONCLUSION: Participants stated that SARs had great potential to provide assistance in dementia care, especially by reminding, motivating/encouraging and instructing people with dementia. Informal caregivers and nurses also considered them as useful supportive devices for themselves. However, participants also mentioned negative expectations, especially in communication/contact with others and avoiding danger. These findings demonstrate the support caregivers and dementia trainers expect from humanoid SARs and may contribute to their optimisation for dementia care.


Assuntos
Demência , Robótica , Cuidadores/psicologia , Demência/psicologia , Humanos , Motivação , Casas de Saúde
6.
J Clin Nurs ; 31(5-6): 657-668, 2022 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34151486

RESUMO

AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The holistic care dependency concept can be applied to gain comprehensive insights into individuals' care needs in the end-of-life (EoL) phase. This study was carried out to measure and characterise the "care dependency" phenomenon in this phase and to obtain deeper knowledge about this phenomenon. BACKGROUND: The end of a human life is often characterised by a physical decline, often implying that a high amount of care is needed. Non-malignant diseases can develop unpredictably; therefore, it is difficult to detect the onset of the EoL phase. DESIGN: Data were collected in a cross-sectional multicentre study, using the Austrian Nursing Quality Measurement 2.0. METHODS: Descriptive and multivariate statistical methods were used. Care dependency was measured with the Care Dependency Scale (CDS). The study follows the STROBE guideline. RESULTS: Ten per cent (n = 389) of the sample (N = 3589) were allocated to "a pathway for management of patients at the end of life." The patients and residents in the EoL phase are significantly older and more often diagnosed with dementia, and circulatory system and musculoskeletal system diseases. Of these patients, 60% were care dependent completely or to a great extent. Dementia and age represent main influencing factors that affect the degree of care dependency at the end of life. CONCLUSION: Our results show that the "typical" EoL patient or resident is female, old and affected by dementia and/or circulatory system diseases. Dementia and age were identified as main factors that contribute to very high care dependency. RELEVANCE TO CLINICAL PRACTICE: The measurement of care dependency may support the identification of special care needs in the EoL phase. Gaining deeper knowledge about the care dependency phenomenon can also help healthcare staff better understand the needs of patients with non-malignant conditions in their last phase of life.


Assuntos
Análise de Dados , Assistência Terminal , Idoso , Estudos Transversais , Morte , Feminino , Hospitais , Humanos
7.
J Adv Nurs ; 78(4): 1044-1054, 2022 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34462958

RESUMO

AIMS: To examine which signs/symptoms registered nurses (RNs) and certified nurse assistants (CNAs) (nursing staff) in Dutch nursing homes associate with dehydration, if they observe these signs/symptoms themselves and what they do after observing them. DESIGN: A cross-sectional study. METHODS: In February 2020, using an online questionnaire based on a diagnostic strategy to diagnose dehydration, nursing staff was asked: (1) which signs/symptoms they associate with dehydration; (2) if they observe these signs/symptoms themselves; and (3) which actions they take after observing these signs/symptoms in a resident. Descriptive statistics and Chi-square statistics were used to describe the answers and explore significant differences between groups. RESULTS: In total, 250 RNs and 226 CNAs participated. Among RNs, 67%-99% associated the signs/symptoms of the strategy to dehydration compared with 45%-98% of the CNAs. RNs and CNAs often indicated to observe signs/symptoms from the strategy themselves (80.1% and 92.6%), but they also often relied on information given by other care professionals and the informal caregiver. Interventions taken were mainly focused on communicating findings to colleagues. CONCLUSION: Many signs/symptoms from the diagnostic strategy trigger nursing staff to think of dehydration. Results also show that a variety of formal and informal caregivers are involved in dehydration care. As RNs and CNAs did often not receive dehydration training after entering workforce, this could have limited their ability to recognize signs/symptoms related to dehydration. To ensure timely recognition of dehydration, a clear description of roles and responsibilities about dehydration care in, and between, formal and informal caregivers is essential with structurally embedded dehydration training in the nursing home. IMPACT: Tackling dehydration in the nursing home requires interdisciplinary collaboration and communication with family members. Without clear roles and responsibilities, a risk of dehydration can be left unattended.


Assuntos
Assistentes de Enfermagem , Recursos Humanos de Enfermagem , Estudos Transversais , Desidratação/diagnóstico , Humanos , Casas de Saúde
8.
J Psychosoc Nurs Ment Health Serv ; 60(6): 19-26, 2022 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34932421

RESUMO

The term psychosocial health encompasses a variety of definitions and references among different disciplines, and it is widely used in various settings within the health professions and health sciences; however, the term is difficult to conceptualize, which has led to its random and unspecified usage. To bring clarity to use of this term, a concept analysis was conducted. After a careful selection process, 15 articles, including those with their primary published definition, were analyzed and synthesized. The central attributes of the concept of psychosocial health were identified, and an overarching definition addressing its various aspects was proposed. The resulting definition is comprehensive and applicable to a variety of disciplines within the health professions. The definition provides a new understanding and increased clarity for this complex term. Importantly, it will also assist in promoting the psychosocial health of patients as well as health professionals. [Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services, 60(6), 19-26.].

9.
BMC Geriatr ; 21(1): 344, 2021 06 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34090352

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Over 60% of the population in sub-Saharan Africa, live in informal settlements (slums) with little or no resources. To be prepared to meet the needs of older people living in slums, it is necessary to know more about their quality of life (QoL). The objective of this review is to identify instruments, which can be used by researchers to assess the QoL of older adults living in African countries, especially those dwelling in slums. METHODS: A scoping review was performed using the databases Scopus, PubMed, and ISI Web of Science to retrieve studies published from January 2008 - September 2020. Studies were included if they reported generic QoL instruments, focused on adults with a mean age ≥ 50 and were conducted in African countries. RESULTS: In total, 18 studies were included using 7 unique instruments to measure QoL (EUROHIS-QOL-8, SWLS, WHOQOL-OLD, the WHOQOL-BREF, SF-36, SF-12 and RAND-38). All instruments could be interviewer-administered and had 5-36 items. However, little is known about their psychometric properties (validity and reliability), time-investment and cultural sensitivity of the domains included in the instruments. CONCLUSIONS: Even though this review retrieved instruments used to assess QoL of older adults in African countries, there is a need for further research on adjustment and validation of currently existing QoL instruments. In addition, the development and validation of a new instrument which can be used in (illiterate) older populations, living in slums in Africa should be considered.


Assuntos
Qualidade de Vida , África ao Sul do Saara/epidemiologia , Humanos , Psicometria , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Inquéritos e Questionários
10.
BMC Health Serv Res ; 21(1): 81, 2021 Jan 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33482808

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The workforce shortage of health professionals is a matter of global concern. Among possible causative factors in this shortage are the incompatibility of health professionals' work with their private life, which may lead to increased stress and burnout symptoms, job dissatisfaction and a higher intention to leave the profession prematurely. Also, poor leadership qualities among direct line managers (e.g. clinic directors, leading physicians, ward managers, team leaders) have been associated with health professionals' job dissatisfaction and intention to leave in previous studies. This study therefore aimed to identify key factors associated with health professionals' work-private life conflicts and their managers' leadership quality. METHODS: The study is based on a cross-sectional survey in 26 Swiss acute and rehabilitation hospitals, consisting of 3398 health professionals from various disciplines. For data analysis, multilevel models (with hospitals as the second level variable) were performed for 'work-private life conflict' and 'quality of leadership', considering significant main effects (using AIC) and significant interactions (using BIC) of potential explanatory variables. RESULTS: The main findings reveal that the compatibility of health professionals' work and private life is associated with how much they can influence shift planning (possibility of exchanging shifts, B = -2.87, p < 0.01), the extent to which their individual preferences are considered (e.g. working on one specific shift only, B = 6.31, p < 0.01), number of work shifts per weekend (B = 1.38, p < 0.01) and working hours per week (B = 0.13, p < 0.01). In addition, the factors high quantitative demands (B = 0.25, p < 0.01), being required to hide their emotions (B = 0.16, p < 0.01) and poor social community support at work (B = -0.12, p < 0.01) were related to severe work-private life conflicts among health professionals. Regarding managerial leadership, health professionals perceived the leadership qualities of their direct line manager as being better if they received more social support (B = 0.61, p < 0.01) and rewards (B = 0.41, p < 0.01) at work. CONCLUSIONS: The results show key components of improving the compatibility of work and private life for health professionals as well as managerial leadership qualities, and may help leaders working in acute or rehabilitation hospitals to develop appropriate interventions.


Assuntos
Hospitais de Reabilitação , Liderança , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Satisfação no Emprego , Suíça
11.
J Adv Nurs ; 77(1): 331-342, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33048381

RESUMO

AIMS: To explore reasons, thoughts, motives, and influencing factors regarding the use or non-use of Personal Safety Alerting Devices (PSADs) in the daily lives of community-dwelling older persons. DESIGN: A qualitative descriptive study design was used. METHODS: Six focus groups were conducted with a total of 32 older persons between February-August 2016. Data analysis followed the Qualitative Analysis Guide of Leuven. RESULTS: The participants described the use or non-use of PSADs as a decision resulting from a "legitimation process". This process implies that a person needs to perceive the necessity for a PSAD and then determine the right moment at which to start using it. During this process, each person weighs her or his "ageing self" and "perception of technology" then decides whether to start using a device or to delay its use. "Critical events" initiate this process, compelling the person to consider their own safety and their possible need for assistance. CONCLUSION: The legitimation process suggests that the initiation of PSAD use represents a turning point in life. Using a PSAD is not simply a matter of obtaining one. It is a complex decision-making process establishing legitimation for its use, which is interwoven with one's individual ageing, self-perception, and the meaning attributed to the device. IMPACT: Older persons need to be supported; in particular, they require time to go through the legitimation process for PSAD use. Nurses can empower them in this process, such that they perceive using a PSAD as a means to restore their frailty balance and feel enabled to (re)gain control over their own life and thus to preserve their independence.


Assuntos
Fragilidade , Vida Independente , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Grupos Focais , Humanos , Motivação , Pesquisa Qualitativa
12.
J Adv Nurs ; 77(4): 1731-1740, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33277758

RESUMO

AIM: To explore the differences in managing urinary incontinence in residents in nursing homes aged 65 years or older in relation to their care dependency. DESIGN: The 2015 data of the Dutch annual independent (Inter)national Prevalence Measurement of Quality of Care of Maastricht University were used. The design involved a cross-sectional, multi-centre point prevalence measurement in hospitals, care homes, and home care. METHODS: Secondary data analysis on the data provided by care home organizations. RESULTS: In the care independent group, the solely use of absorbing material was the mostly applied intervention. In the group of care dependent persons, the combination of absorbing material with toilet on set times and on individual basis was the most common approach. CONCLUSION: The outcome of this study indicated that the management of urinary incontinence in residents in nursing homes differs depending on their care dependency. IMPACT: Caregivers in nursing homes should be aware of preferences of residents regarding the management of their urinary incontinence. Researchers should investigate criteria used by caregivers and care receivers into the decision of the application of interventions for urinary incontinence.


Assuntos
Casas de Saúde , Incontinência Urinária , Estudos Transversais , Hospitais , Humanos , Prevalência , Incontinência Urinária/terapia
13.
J Hosp Palliat Nurs ; 23(1): 59-68, 2021 02 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33284145

RESUMO

Palliative care focuses on symptom management, discussion of treatment and care decisions, network organization, and support of the family. As part of the advance care planning (ACP) process, staff nurses in the acute care setting are often involved in all of the above areas. It is yet unclear what nurses' roles and responsibilities are and what skills are needed in the ACP process. The themes that staff nurses and advanced practice registered nurses (APRNs) discuss in relationship to ACP are manifold. This scoping review demonstrates that staff nurses' core role is advocating for the wishes and values of patients with any life-limiting disease. Staff nurses also serve as facilitators, educators, and advocates to help start ACP conversations and ease patients' transitions between settings based on well-discussed decisions. To be able to engage in ACP discussions, APRNs must have excellent communication skills. Continuous training to improve these skills is mandatory. In the future, clarifying the contribution of staff nurses and APRNs in the ACP process in relation to other members of the interprofessional team can lay the groundwork for improved interprofessional collaboration.


Assuntos
Planejamento Antecipado de Cuidados , Enfermagem de Cuidados Paliativos na Terminalidade da Vida , Enfermeiras e Enfermeiros , Cuidados Paliativos , Comunicação , Humanos
14.
J Psychiatr Ment Health Nurs ; 28(4): 531-548, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33191536

RESUMO

WHAT IS KNOWN ON THE SUBJECT?: Shared decision-making is a concept originating in the medical field, and it is ideally based on a trustful relationship between the patient and the health professionals involved. Shared decision-making shows potential to strengthen patient autonomy and encourages patients to become involved in decisions regarding their treatment. WHAT DOES THE PAPER ADD TO EXISTING KNOWLEDGE?: A universal concept and understanding of shared decision-making with relevance specifically to psychiatric clinical practice could not be identified in the analysed literature. Shared decision-making refers to a process, and how and whether the patient wishes to participate in the decision-making process should be clarified from the very beginning. On the basis of this synthesizing review, a process model for psychiatric practice was specified and illustrated to help lead health professionals, patients and other supporters through the decision-making process. WHAT ARE THE IMPLICATIONS FOR PRACTICE?: The process of shared decision-making should be made visible to all persons involved, and it should be stated at the beginning that a decision must be made. Decisions regarding treatment are usually not limited to a single consultation. A collaborative approach including multiple health professionals and other supporters, such as peer workers and family members, is required. Psychiatric nurses could support patients during the process of decision-making and provide additional information, if requested. ABSTRACT: INTRODUCTION: Patient involvement in decisions regarding treatment has increasingly been supported in health care, and therefore, shared decision-making (SDM), as an informative and participative approach, is promoted in the scientific literature. AIM: To review the current state of research regarding the conceptual understanding and implementation of SDM in psychiatric clinical practice. METHOD: An integrative review that included empirical, theoretical and conceptual research published between 1997 and 2019 was conducted. For this, five health-related databases were searched. RESULTS: Fourteen articles were included in the synthesis. No universal conceptual understanding of SDM regarding psychiatric care could be identified, although several articles highlighted the link with other concepts, such as autonomy and patient-centeredness. Furthermore, four additional key themes with relevance for the successful implementation of SDM in clinical practice were determined. DISCUSSION: SDM refers to a process and is usually not limited to a single consultation. SDM shows the potential to enhance patient-centred and recovery-oriented care. A collaborative approach including multiple health professionals, peer workers and family members is required. IMPLICATIONS FOR PRACTICE: The process of SDM should be made visible for all parties involved. Nurses in particular could play a key role by collecting information regarding patient's preferences and by providing support.


Assuntos
Tomada de Decisão Compartilhada , Enfermagem Psiquiátrica , Tomada de Decisões , Pessoal de Saúde , Humanos , Participação do Paciente , Psicoterapia
15.
BMC Geriatr ; 20(1): 537, 2020 12 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33317453

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Oropharyngeal Dysphagia (OD) and malnutrition are frequently reported conditions in nursing home residents, and are often interrelated. Best care for dysphagic residents with, or at risk of, malnutrition should target adequate nutritional intake and the safety and efficacy of swallowing. The effect of oral nutritional supplements (ONS) suitable for nursing home residents with concurrent OD and malnutrition (risk) on nutritional status has not been investigated before. The current study aims to investigate the effect of daily use of a range of pre-thickened ONS on the body weight of nursing home residents with OD and malnutrition (risk) compared to standard OD and nutritional care. METHODS / DESIGN: The DYNAMO study is a randomized, controlled, multi-center, open label trial with two parallel groups. Study participants will be recruited in nursing homes of several care organizations in the south of the Netherlands. Study duration is 12 weeks. Residents in the control group will receive standard OD and nutritional care, and residents in the test group will receive standard OD and nutritional care with extra daily supplementation of pre-thickened ONS. The main outcome parameter is the difference in body weight change between the control and test groups. An a priori estimation of the required sample size per group (control / test) totals 78. Other outcome parameters are differences in: nutritional intake, health-related quality of life, OD-specific quality of life, activities of daily living, vital signs, and blood nutrient and metabolite levels. DISCUSSION: Regular ONS could address the nutritional needs of nursing home residents with malnutrition (risk), but might be too thin and unsafe for residents with OD. Pre-thickened ONS is suitable for residents with OD. It offers the advantage of being a ready-to-use amylase-resistant product available in several consistencies which are able to increase swallowing efficacy and safety. The DYNAMO study is the first to investigate the effects of pre-thickened ONS on nutritional status in nursing home residents with concurrent OD and malnutrition (risk). TRIAL REGISTRATION: Netherlands Trial Register (NTR): NTR NL7898. Registered 24 July 2019, https://www.trialregister.nl/trial/7898.


Assuntos
Transtornos de Deglutição , Desnutrição , Atividades Cotidianas , Administração Oral , Transtornos de Deglutição/diagnóstico , Transtornos de Deglutição/terapia , Suplementos Nutricionais , Humanos , Desnutrição/diagnóstico , Desnutrição/terapia , Países Baixos/epidemiologia , Casas de Saúde , Estado Nutricional , Qualidade de Vida
16.
J Occup Med Toxicol ; 15: 27, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32863851

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Health professionals are especially affected by various stressors in their daily work, such as a high workload, physical and emotional challenges. The aim of this study was to develop and test the validity, reliability and usability of an observation-based instrument designed to assess work stressors in the healthcare sector. METHODS: Using a cross sectional design, 110 health professionals were observed during one entire shift by an external observer. Factor analysis was used to test construct validity, Cronbach's alpha to test internal consistency and correlations using Kendall's Tau were computed to test for convergent validity. RESULTS: For 9 out of 10 tested scales the results showed a one-factor solution for all observation scales (explained variance ranged from 55.5 to 80.2%), satisfactory reliability (Cronbach's alpha between .67 and .92), sufficient usability and satisfactory convergent validity. CONCLUSIONS: The newly developed STRAIN-EOS, an observation-based assessment tool designed to assess stressors specifically in the healthcare sector, was shown to be potentially useful. However, further refinement and testing is necessary before it can be widely used.

17.
Int J Nurs Sci ; 7(3): 330-336, 2020 Jul 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32817856

RESUMO

PURPOSE: This study aimed to evaluate the psychometric properties of the Indonesian version of the Care Dependency Scale (CDS) among stroke survivors. METHODS: The study was undertaken in four hospitals. We analysed datasets obtained from 109 stroke survivors on inpatient wards and in outpatient clinics, who were rated by nurses to determine the CDS reliability coefficients. The Cronbach's α and Cohen's kappa coefficients were applied. Concurrent validity was conducted for the data on care dependency, which werecollected from 49 of these 109 participants on inpatient wards by nurses using the CDS and the Barthel Index. A Spearman's rank correlation analysis was conducted to measure the association between the CDS and the Barthel Index results. RESULTS: An analysis of the results of the CDS tested on the inpatient ward and in the outpatient clinic revealed a high level of internal consistency. The reliability analysis yielded the same Cronbach's α coefficient of 0.98 for both the inpatient and outpatient data. A significant, moderate correlation was observed between the CDS and Barthel Index results. CONCLUSION: The CDS can be recommended for use as a tool for the assessment and evaluation of stroke survivors who are receiving acute or long-term care.

18.
J Med Internet Res ; 22(7): e17817, 2020 07 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32706698

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Mobile technology has an impact on the health care sector, also within dietetics. Mobile health (mHealth) apps may be used for dietary assessment and self-monitoring, allowing for real-time reporting of food intakes. Changing eating behaviors is quite challenging, and patients undergoing hemodialysis, particularly, struggle to meet the target intakes set by dietary guidelines. Usage of mobile apps that are developed in a person-centered approach and in line with recommendations may support both patients and health care practitioners. OBJECTIVE: This study is a pilot that aims at estimating the potential efficacy of a dietary intervention using a theory-based, person-centered smartphone app. Results will be used to improve both the app and a planned large-scale trial intended to assess app efficacy thoroughly. METHODS: A prospective pilot study was performed at the hemodialysis unit of Al Qassimi Hospital (The Emirate of Sharjah). All patients that fulfilled the study inclusion criteria were considered eligible to be enrolled in the pilot study. Upon successful installation of the app, users met with a dietitian once a week. Outcomes were measured at baseline (T0) and 2 weeks post app usage (T1). This pilot is reported as per guidelines for nonrandomized pilot and feasibility studies and in line with the CONSORT 2010 checklist for reporting pilot or feasibility trials. RESULTS: A total of 23 patients completed the pilot intervention. Mean energy intakes increased from 24.4 kcal/kg/day (SD 8.0) to 29.1 kcal/kg/day (SD 7.8) with a medium effect size (d=0.6, 95% CI 0.0-1.2). Mean protein intakes increased from 0.9 g/kg/day (SD 0.3) to 1.3 g/kg/day (SD 0.5) with a large effect size (d=1.0, 95% CI 0.4-1.6); mean intake of high biological value (%HBV) proteins also increased from 58.6% (SD 10.1) to 70.1% (SD 10.7) with a large effect size (d=1.1, 95% CI 0.5-1.7). Dietary intakes of minerals did not change, apart from sodium which decreased from a mean intake of 2218.8 mg/day (SD 631.6) to 1895.3 mg/day (SD 581.0) with a medium effect size (d=0.5, 95% CI 0.1-1.1). Mean serum phosphorus, potassium, and albumin levels did not change relevantly. Mean serum iron increased from 7.9 mg/dL (SD 2.8) to 11.5 mg/dL (SD 7.9) postintervention with a medium effect size (d=0.6, 95% CI 0.0-1.2). CONCLUSIONS: This pilot study showed that the KELA.AE app has the potential to improve dietary intakes. Processes related to procedure, resources, tools, and app improvement for a future trial were assessed. A more extended intervention using a randomized controlled trial is required to estimate parameters concerning app efficacy accurately.


Assuntos
Dieta/tendências , Aplicativos Móveis/normas , Diálise Renal/métodos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Projetos Piloto , Estudos Prospectivos
19.
Nurs Open ; 7(4): 969-979, 2020 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32587715

RESUMO

Aim: To determine the extent of stress at work among health professionals working in upper-, middle- and lower-management positions and those not working in management positions. Design: Cross-sectional design and randomly selected hospitals, nursing homes and home care organizations. Methods: The study sample included nursing staff and midwives, physicians, medical-technical and medical-therapeutic professionals at all hierarchical levels (N = 8,112). Data were collected using self-report questionnaires and analysed using multiple regression models. Results: Health professionals in upper- and middle-management positions reported higher quantitative demands, severe work-private life conflicts (p < .05) as well as less role clarity in middle-management positions (B = -1.58, p < .05). In lower-management positions, health professionals reported higher physical (B = 3.80, p < .001) and emotional demands (B = 1.79, p < .01), stress symptoms (B = 1.81, p < .05) and job dissatisfaction (B = -1.17, p < .05). Health professionals without management responsibilities reported the poorest working conditions in relation to various stressors, job satisfaction (B = -5.20, p < .001) and health-related outcomes (e.g. burnout symptoms: B = 1.89, p < .01).


Assuntos
Esgotamento Profissional , Estresse Ocupacional , Esgotamento Profissional/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Pessoal de Saúde , Humanos , Satisfação no Emprego , Estresse Ocupacional/epidemiologia
20.
J Clin Nurs ; 29(15-16): 3064-3081, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32447796

RESUMO

AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to identify significant work stressors associated with stress symptoms, job satisfaction, intention to leave and health-related outcomes among health professionals. BACKGROUND: The workforce shortage of health professionals is a current concern, and a reduction of work-related stress is thus essential for retaining health professionals. Studies on the extent of work-related stress in different health professions are limited. METHODS: The research was conducted with a cross-sectional study encompassing 26 randomly selected acute care and rehabilitation hospitals. The sample consisted of 3,398 health professionals. The study was undertaken in accordance with the STROBE checklist for observational studies. RESULTS: Work-private life conflicts were significantly associated with health professionals' stress symptoms, job satisfaction, intention to leave the organisation and profession, their general health status, burnout symptoms and quality of sleep. Also, opportunities for development and the behaviour of the direct line manager (e.g. quality of leadership, unfair behaviour, rewards given) along with various profession-specific stressors were the important predictors revealed. CONCLUSIONS: This study shows the high relevance of preventing and reducing work-private life conflicts, enhancing leadership qualities as well as opportunities for development among health professionals working in acute care and rehabilitation hospitals. Also, differences between health professions should be taken into consideration in developing strategies for reducing stress at work. RELEVANCE TO CLINICAL PRACTICE: The results of this study are particularly relevant for health professional leaders and reveal the urgent need in hospital practice for effective strategies to improve health professionals' work-private life balance, opportunities for development and quality of leadership.


Assuntos
Pessoal de Saúde/psicologia , Satisfação no Emprego , Estresse Ocupacional/psicologia , Adulto , Cuidados Críticos/organização & administração , Cuidados Críticos/psicologia , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Hospitais de Reabilitação/organização & administração , Humanos , Intenção , Masculino , Suíça , Equilíbrio Trabalho-Vida
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