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1.
Biochem Genet ; 2020 Oct 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33044583

RESUMO

The aim of this study to investigate the potential effects of essential oils and compounds obtained from MC fruit on sepsis induced endothelial cell damage in human umbilical cord vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) at molecular and cellular levels on in vitro sepsis model. A sepsis model was induced by the application of LPS. The HUVEC treatment groups were as follows: control, LPS, MC, MC plus LPS, 1.8 cineole, 1.8 cineole plus LPS, α-pinene, α-pinene plus LPS, α-terpineol, and α-terpineol plus LPS. Following the treatments, cell proliferation was analyzed using the xCELLigence® system. The mRNA expression of various cytokines [tumor necrosis factor (TNF-α), interleukin-1ß (IL-1ß), and IL-6] and endothelial nitric oxide (eNOS) were determined by quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) analysis. The 1.8 cineole and α-pinene treatments at specific doses showed toxic effects on α-terpineine, although it did not result in a change in the cellular index as compared with that of the control group. The application of LPS to HUVECs led to a significant decrease in the cellular index, depending on the treatment time. It did not correct the decreased cell index of MC plus LPS and α-terpineol plus LPS groups as compared with that of the LPS-only group. The 1.8 cineole plus LPS treatment and α-pinene plus LPS treatment significantly increased the cell index as compared with that of the LPS-only treatment, and the cell index in these groups was closer to that of the control. According to the results of the qPCR analysis, neither the MC-only treatment nor the α-terpineol-only treatment significantly reduced cellular damage caused by LPS-induced increases in TNF-α, IL-1ß, IL-6, and eNOS mRNA expression. However, both the 1.8 cineole treatment and α-pinene treatments significantly decreased TNF-α, IL-1ß, IL-6, and eNOS mRNA expression induced by LPS. Volatile oil obtained from MC fruit and the MC compound α-terpineol had no effect on the decreased cell index and increased cytokine response due to LPS-induced endothelial cell damage. However, 1.8 cineole and α-pinene, other major components of MC fruit, ameliorated LPS-induced damage in HUVECs at cellular and biomolecular levels (TNF-α, IL-1ß, IL-6, and eNOS).

2.
Eur J Pharmacol ; 887: 173577, 2020 Sep 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32949602

RESUMO

Melatonin improves fracture healing, but the long-term use of melatonin seems impracticable in the treatment of fracture due to side effects caused by hormonal stress on chronological rhythm. Ramelteon (RAMEL) and agomelatine (AGO) are non-selective peripheral melatonin receptor (MT) agonists. This study investigated the effects on bone fracture healing of these MT agonists, which do not affect the central nervous system. The rats were divided into 6 groups, including Group 1 (SHAM): sham operated group; Group 2 (FRACTURE): femoral fracture control; Group 3 (FR + AGO30): femoral fracture + agomelatine 30 mg/kg; Group 4 (FR + AGO60): femoral fracture + agomelatine 60 mg/kg; Group 5 (FR + RAMEL3): femoral fracture + ramelteon 3 mg/kg; and Group 6 (FR + RAMEL6): femoral fracture + ramelteon 6 mg/kg. After 21 days, the rats were subjected to X-ray imaging. Bone healing was evaluated with hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining. Messenger RNA (mRNA) expressions of bone formation markers, such as bone alkaline phosphatase (ALP), osteocalcin (OC), and osteopontin (OP), were evaluated by real-time polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and with immunohistochemistry (IHC) staining. The radiographic fracture healing scores were statistically significantly higher in the FR + AGO60 group and the FR + RAMEL3 group than in the FRACTURE group. The histopathology and molecular results supported the radiographic results. It was shown that agomelatine and ramelteon increase bone fracture healing, leading to the conclusion that a preference for agomelatine, an antidepressant, and ramelteon, a sleep aid, will increase bone fracture healing in patients with fractures.

3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32743741

RESUMO

Aprepitant is a selective SP/NK-1 receptor antagonist and used in postoperative and chemotherapeutics induced emesis and vomiting. The aim of our study is to show aprepitant may have beneficial effects on gastrointestinal complaints in cancer patients undergoing chemotherapeutics by indomethacin-induced gastric ulcer model. A total of 48 rats were fasted 24 h for ulcer experiment. Aprepitant doses of 5, 10, 20, and 40 mg/kg were evaluated for their antiulcer activity. Omeprazole (20 mg/kg) was used as a positive control group. Six hours after 25 mg/kg indomethacin administration, all stomachs were dissected out. After macroscopic analyses, tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α), interleukin-1ß (IL-1ß), COX-1, and COX-2 mRNA levels and SOD activity, and GSH and MDA levels of stomachs were determined. Histopathological examinations were evaluated. Aprepitant administration exerted 48.14%, 49.62%, 65.92%, and 76.77% ulcer inhibition effects at 5, 10, 20, and 40 mg/kg, respectively. Aprepitant administration decreased oxidative stress and inflammatory parameters in stomach tissues dose dependently. Aprepitant administration increased stomach COX-2 mRNA levels at 20 and 40 mg/kg doses. Although aprepitant appears to be disadvantageous in terms of treating gastric ulcer due to COX enzyme inhibition according to the previous studies, aprepitant has been shown to have ulcer healing effect in our study. When aprepitant is given as an anti-nausea and vomiting drug to cancer patients undergoing chemotherapy, we can argue that it will not be necessary to add a new gastric protective agent as it also shows beneficial effects in gastrointestinal complaints.

4.
Life Sci ; 258: 118177, 2020 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32738364

RESUMO

AIM: Omapatrilat is an antagonist of angiotensin-converting (ACE) and neprilysin-neuropeptidase (NEP) enzymes. The aim of our study is to show that omapatrilat may have beneficial effects as a treatment for polymicrobial sepsis. MAIN METHODS: A cecal ligation and puncture (CLP) sepsis model was used to evaluate 10 and 20 mg/kg doses of omapatrilat in mice (n = 30) fasted for 12 h. The lungs were removed 12 h after CLP, and lung levels of cytokines (tumor necrosis factor-alpha [TNF-α], interleukin-6 [IL-6], NF-κB), iNOS and eNOS mRNA expression, GSH and MDA levels, and ACE and NEP activities were determined. Histopathological examinations were also performed. KEY FINDINGS: Omapatrilat treatment provided a dose-dependent reduction in oxidative stress and inflammatory parameters in lung tissues. Omapatrilat administration decreased lung iNOS and eNOS mRNA levels at 20 mg/kg dose. Histopathological analysis revealed a decline in the thickening and edema areas in the alveolar septa in the Sepsis+OMA20 group. SIGNIFICANCE: Omapatrilat, a dual ACE and NEP inhibitor, protected lung tissue from sepsis damage by reducing ACE and NEP activities, by decreasing the mRNA expression levels of pro-inflammatory cytokines (TNF-α, IL-6, and NF-κB), by suppressing leukocyte infiltration and edema, by restoring iNOS and eNOS levels, and by restoring SOD activity and GSH and MDA levels, thereby reducing oxidative stress.


Assuntos
Neprilisina/metabolismo , Peptidil Dipeptidase A/metabolismo , Sepse/enzimologia , Transdução de Sinais , Animais , Biomarcadores/metabolismo , Interleucina-6/genética , Interleucina-6/metabolismo , Pulmão/enzimologia , Pulmão/patologia , Masculino , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Óxido Nítrico Sintase Tipo II/metabolismo , Óxido Nítrico Sintase Tipo III/metabolismo , Estresse Oxidativo , RNA Mensageiro/genética , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , Sepse/patologia , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/genética , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/metabolismo
5.
Inflammopharmacology ; 28(4): 893-902, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32504222

RESUMO

AIM: This study aimed to demonstrate the role of serotonin 7 receptor (5-HT7) and the effects of 5-HT7 agonists and antagonists in an indomethacin-induced gastric ulcer. MATERIAL AND METHOD: Male albino Wistar rats (n = 60) were used in the experiments. LP44 (5-HT7 agonist) and SB269970 (5-HT7 antagonist) were administered at 10 mg/kg as a pre-treatment. One hour after the drug treatments, 25 mg/kg of indomethacin (INDO) was administered to all groups except the healthy control group. Six hours after indomethacin administration, all the rats were euthanized. RESULTS: We analyzed the iNOS, eNOS, and 5-HT7 receptor mRNA levels in the stomach tissue of rats by real-time PCR. 5-HT7 mRNA expression was increased in the INDO group compared to the healthy group. LP44 administration exerted a significant upregulatory effect on eNOS mRNA expression and downregulatory effects on iNOS and 5-HT7 mRNA expression compared to the INDO group. However, antagonist (SB269970) administration did not result in such difference in gene expression, but even partially decreased the agonist's effect in combination. Famotidine and agonist exerted similar effects. Histopathological findings supported the beneficial effects of 5-HT7 agonist on gastric tissue. CONCLUSION: The study suggested that activation of 5-HT7 receptor showed a significant anti-ulcerogenic effect in the indomethacin-induced gastric ulcer model.

6.
Ear Nose Throat J ; : 145561320919603, 2020 May 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32396020

RESUMO

Nasal polyposis (NP) is an inflammatory disease of the paranasal sinuses and nasal cavity. The primary purpose of our study is to determine the expression of 5-HT7 receptors both in nasal polyps and in healthy tissue in the nasal cavity. The subsequent aim is to compare the expression of 5-HT7 receptors in patients with NP and in inferior turbinate tissue (control).The study included 60 participants (40 with NP and 20 controls) aged 35 to 62 years. Nasal polyp samples were collected from all patients and relative 5-HT7 receptor expression analyses were performed. RT-PCR analysis of nasal polyps and control tissue identified 5-HT7 receptor expression in the nasal cavities of controls. This expression was approximately 67 times higher in nasal polyp tissue than in healthy tissue. Our study identifies the expression of 5-HT7 receptors in the nasal cavity for the first time. It is also the first demonstration of increased 5-HT7 receptor expression in tissue from nasal polyps, which occur in the paranasal sinuses and nasal cavity.

7.
Eur J Pharmacol ; 880: 173168, 2020 Aug 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32423870

RESUMO

Cisplatin is widely used chemotherapeutic drug and have some serious side effects as tissue toxicity and nausea and vomiting. Aprepitant is used in clinic as an anti-emetic drug for cisplatin treated patient to prevent nausea and vomiting. We aimed to investigate the protective effects of Aprepitant on cisplatin-induced nephrotoxicity and hepatotoxicity. In total 42 male rats were separated into six groups (n = 7). A single dose of cisplatin (10 mg/kg i.p.) was administered to induce toxicity on first day. Different doses of Aprepitant (5, 10 and 20 mg/kg, p.o.) were given to treatment groups during 3 days. After the experimental procedures serum enzymes (ALT, AST, ALP, BUN and Creatinin), kidney and liver oxidative parameters (SOD, GSH and MDA), inflammatory cytokines (TNF-α and NF-κB) and Cyp2e1 expressions analyzed. Histopathological investigations also performed for all groups. Cisplatin caused tissue toxicity in both kidney and liver. Serum enzymes, tissue cytokines and oxidative stress were increased after the Cis treatment. Aprepitant treatment normalized all parameters compared to cisplatin treated group. Cisplatin significantly increased the Cyp2e1 expression in the kidney while significantly decreased in the liver compared to Healthy group. Histopathologically, it was shown that cisplatin causes a lot of abnormal structures as inflammatory infiltration and necrosis on the liver and kidney. Similar the biochemical and molecular results, aprepitant showed positive effects on tissue pathological parameters. With its main anti-emetic effect, Aprepitant treatment may be an effective option for cancer patients if they have additional injury as nephrotoxicity and hepatotoxicity due to cisplatin.

8.
Jpn J Infect Dis ; 73(1): 1-7, 2020 Jan 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31474702

RESUMO

In addition to tube drains, pleural empyema is treated with antibiotics and anti-inflammatory drugs. We aimed to evaluate the anti-inflammatory activity of roflumilast combined with linezolid in a rat model of pleural empyema induced by Staphylococcus aureus. A total of 40 rats were divided into 7 groups: sham (n = 4), S. aureus inoculation (n = 6), S. aureus + 10 mg/kg linezolid (n = 6), S. aureus + 5 mg/kg roflumilast (n = 6), S. aureus + 10 mg/kg linezolid + 5 mg/kg roflumilast (n = 6), S. aureus + 10 mg/kg roflumilast (n = 6), and S. aureus + 10 mg/kg linezolid + 10 mg/kg roflumilast (n = 6). Animals were administered linezolid 1 h before and 12 h after inoculation with S. aureus. Roflumilast was administered orally as a single dose 30 min before inoculation with S. aureus. Compared to linezolid treatment alone, linezolid combined with 5 mg/kg roflumilast significantly improved TNF-α, IL-1ß, vasodilation/congestion, and tissue/pleural polynuclear leukocyte (PNL) infiltration (p < 0.05). Linezolid combined with 10 mg/kg roflumilast also provided a significant improvement in TNF-α, IL-1ß, IL-6, endothelin-1, vasodilation/congestion, mesothelial cell damage, lung tissue PNL, and pleural PNL compared to linezolid alone (p < 0.05). Due to its anti-inflammatory effects and significant impact on recovery, roflumilast can be used in conjunction with antibiotherapy for the treatment of pleural empyema.

9.
Nord J Psychiatry ; 74(3): 194-200, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31724476

RESUMO

Background/aim: The olfactory bulbectomy (OBX) technic is a well-known animal model for depression. According to serotonin hypothesis of depression, one of the possible explanations to this mechanism is the destroying effect of OBX on raphe nuclei which especially include serotonergic neurons. In this study, we aimed to explore histopathological findings in raphe nuclei in OBX rats.Materials and methods: Forty-eight rats (8 control group, 10 sham group, and 30 as the study group) were used. No procedure was applied to the control group. Only frontal burr holes were performed at the level of olfactory bulbs (OBs) on the sham group. Mechanical OBX by compression was applied to 20 rats and the OBs of 10 rats were cauterized. Their OBs, olfactory cortices, raphe nuclei were extracted, tissue specimens were taken than examined by using histopathological methods including hematoxylin and eosin, S-100, and TUNEL staining. Physical dissector method was used to evaluate the number of living and apoptotic neurons in the raphe nuclei.Results: Prominent neuronal loss and morphological changes in the dorsal raphe nuclei were detected in study groups.Conclusion: Raphe nuclei degeneration, related alterations in neurotransmitter system activities and functional brain connectivity might be related to neurobiology of depression.

10.
J Nanosci Nanotechnol ; 20(2): 680-691, 2020 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31383063

RESUMO

BN has important roles in several physiological events, including bone growth and immune system. New infection-free cranioplasty and has an osteogenic activities material that are compatible with tissue are being developed. We aimed in our study to examine whether different combinations of Boron-nitride/Hydroxyapatite are embedded into the scaffold in the treatment of calvarial defects. 200 adult female Sprague-Dawley rats divided into 10 equal groups. Osteotomy was made by trepan drill in 8 mm diameter. The scaffolds were placed in the rats and were left to recovery for 2 months. During the experiment, CT scans were taken from the calvarial areas of the rats in the 2nd, 4th and 8th weeks. Significant healing was observed in defect diameters in 2.5% BN+10% HA, 2.5% BN and 5% BN+10% HA, respectively. After 8 weeks, it was seen that the amounts of OPN, BMP-2, RunX2 and ALP mRNA expression significantly decreased in 2.5% BN+10% HA, 2.5% BN, 5% BN+10% HA and 5% BN groups. It was shown that bone recovery was at the best grade in the groups, which contained 2.5% BN and 2.5% BN+10% HA when compared to the other groups. BN is a very promising agent that will be used in reconstructive surgery for the treatment of calvarial bone defects.

11.
Inflammopharmacology ; 27(6): 1169-1178, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31309486

RESUMO

AIM: This study aimed to investigate the role of the 5-HT7 receptor in fever mechanisms and its possible effect on the antipyretic mechanism of paracetamol. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study consisted of eight experimental groups and one control group. Group I: healthy, II: LPS, III: LPS + PARA, IV: LPS + AGO, V: LPS + ANTA, VI: LPS + AGO + ANTA, VII: LPS + AGO + PARA, VIII: LPS + ANTA + PARA, and IX: LPS + AGO + ANTA + PARA. Rectal temperatures were measured with a rectal thermometer. At the end of the experiment, tissues were examined molecularly. Real-time PCR mRNA expression analyses were performed for the 5-HT7 receptor, IL-6, and TNF-α in hypothalamus tissue. RESULTS: The mean differences in rectal temperature increased in the LPS, LPS + ANTA, and LPS + AGO + ANTA groups when compared to the healthy group and decreased in the LPS + PARA, LPS + AGO, LPS + AGO + PARA, and LPS + AGO + ANTA + PARA groups when compared to the healthy group. The IL-6 and TNF-α mRNA expression increased in the LPS, LPS + ANTA, and LPS + AGO + ANTA groups when compared to the healthy group in the 2nd and 4th hours. The IL-6 and TNF-α expression decreased in the LPS + PARA, LPS + AGO, LPS + AGO + PARA, and LPS + AGO + ANTA + PARA groups when compared to the LPS group in the 2nd and 4th hours. The 5-HT7 receptor mRNA expression increased in the LPS group when compared to the healthy group in the 2nd hour. The 5-HT7 receptor mRNA expression decreased in the LPS + AGO and LPS + AGO + PARA groups when compared to the LPS group in the 2nd hour. The 5-HT7 receptor mRNA expression increased the in LPS + ANTA and LPS + ANTA + PARA groups when compared to the LPS group in the 2nd hour. CONCLUSION: The 5-HT7 receptor is a potential defense mechanism in stopping fever and the antipyretic property of paracetamol is not due to the 5-HT7 receptor.


Assuntos
Acetaminofen/farmacologia , Antipiréticos/farmacologia , Febre/tratamento farmacológico , Receptores de Serotonina/fisiologia , Animais , Temperatura Corporal/efeitos dos fármacos , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Interleucina-6/genética , Lipopolissacarídeos/farmacologia , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , RNA Mensageiro/análise , Receptores de Serotonina/genética , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/genética
12.
Burns ; 45(6): 1410-1417, 2019 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31126777

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Beeswax, Olive oil and Butter (BOB) are nutritive products that could support wound healing by adsorption to bandage. This study demonstrated the therapeutic effects of BOB on second degree burn. METHODS: Second degree burn model was created in rats. Experimental groups were assigned to Healthy, Burn, Silver Sulfadiazine (SS) and BOB. The effects of BOB were evaluated on skin regeneration, vesicles and bullae and fibroblast activity by histopathological analyses and wound contraction percent were determined. Transforming Growth Factor-Beta1 (TGF-ß1) and Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor-alpha (VEGF-α) mRNA expressions were analyzed with Real Time-Polymerase Chain Reaction. All parameters analyzed at 3rd, 7th, 14th days. RESULTS: The BOB treatment increased TGF-ß1 and VEGF-α expressions compared to Burn group. The histopathological analyses showed that epidermis and dermis layers injured due to burn. BOB treatment augmented the regeneration of these layers and increased fibroblast activity and keratinization which are play important role on the new blood vessels production. Also with the BOB treatment we showed wound contraction levels were higher than Burn and SS treatment. CONCLUSION: This study demonstrated that beeswax-olive oil-butter mixture impregnated bandage treatment in a second-degree burn rat model improved burn wound healing and encouraged skin renewal via modulating tissue TGF-ß1 and VEGF-α.


Assuntos
Bandagens , Queimaduras/terapia , Manteiga , Azeite de Oliva/farmacologia , Pele/efeitos dos fármacos , Ceras/farmacologia , Cicatrização , Animais , Anti-Infecciosos Locais/farmacologia , Queimaduras/genética , Queimaduras/metabolismo , Queimaduras/patologia , Fibroblastos/efeitos dos fármacos , Fibroblastos/patologia , RNA Mensageiro/efeitos dos fármacos , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , Ratos , Sulfadiazina de Prata/farmacologia , Pele/metabolismo , Pele/patologia , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta1/efeitos dos fármacos , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta1/genética , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/efeitos dos fármacos , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/genética
13.
Clin Psychopharmacol Neurosci ; 17(2): 211-221, 2019 May 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30905121

RESUMO

Objective: This study investigated changes in urotensin-II (U-II) and endocan levels which can be used as an early biological marker of endothelial injury in the episode and remission phases of bipolar affective disorder (BAD). Methods: We compared endocan and U-II levels, which has been shown to be closely associated with neurotransmitter systems in addition to continuity of endothelial structure and inflammatory response, in patients with BAD in remission for at least one year (n=42) and in patients still in manic or depressive episodes (n=16) with healthy controls (n=30). Results: Both endocan and U-II levels were significantly higher in the bipolar patients than in the controls. Endocan and U-II levels were also significantly correlated with one another (p =0.000, r=0.833). Both endocan (p =0.000) and U-II levels (p =0.000) were significantly higher in the bipolar attack group compared to the subjects in remission, and in the remission group compared to the controls. Conclusion: In this study we determined significantly higher endocan and U-II levels in BAD compared to the controls, while serum endocan and U-II levels of patients undergoing attacks were also significantly higher than those of the controls and also those of patients in remission.

14.
Life Sci ; 221: 327-334, 2019 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30797018

RESUMO

AIMS: Sepsis is a complex pathophysiological event involving systemic inflammatory response syndrome, multiple organ dysfunction syndrome and tissue damage such as acute lung injury (ALI). Although many new mechanisms are being investigated to enlighten the pathophysiology of sepsis, there is no effective treatment protocol yet. Antioxidant, antibacterial and antiinflammatory effects of gossypin (GOS)-like flavonoids have been shown and we have hypothesized that GOS have roles in sepsis induced inflammation of lungs. MAIN METHODS: Cecal ligation and puncture (CLP) induced sepsis model was induced in rats. Effects of GOS on oxidative stress, histopathology, nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB), IL-6 positivity and NLRP3, HMGß1, TNF-α, NF-κB, IL-1ß mRNA expression levels were evaluated in lung tissues of the septic rats. KEY FINDINGS: GOS 20 (20 mg/kg) administration to septic rats decreased oxidative stress and supported antioxidant system in lungs. GOS administration also decreased the tissue NF-κB and IL-6 immunopositivity, which is high in septic rats; and decreased the sepsis-induced lung injury. HMGß1, NLRP3, NF-κB, IL-1ß, and TNF-α mRNA expression significantly increased in the CLP group. Both doses of GOS significantly reduced these mRNA expression as compared with the levels in the CLP group demonstrating its anti-inflammatory potential. SIGNIFICANCE: GOS administration, may represent a novel treatment for the prevention of lung damage occurred after sepsis induction. This effect of GOS might be related to its anti-inflammatory potential that result in decreased cytokine response and improved oxidative status.


Assuntos
Lesão Pulmonar Aguda/tratamento farmacológico , Flavonoides/farmacologia , Sepse/tratamento farmacológico , Lesão Pulmonar Aguda/prevenção & controle , Animais , Antioxidantes , Citocinas , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Feminino , Flavonoides/metabolismo , Proteínas HMGB , Inflamação , Interleucina-1beta , Interleucina-6 , Pulmão/citologia , Pulmão/fisiologia , NF-kappa B , Proteína 3 que Contém Domínio de Pirina da Família NLR , Estresse Oxidativo , Ratos , Ratos Wistar , Sepse/induzido quimicamente , Sepse/fisiopatologia , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa
15.
Neurotoxicol Teratol ; 72: 22-28, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30685503

RESUMO

Serotonin exerts anti-inflammatory, antioxidant and antiapoptotic effects through 5-HT7 receptors. The present study determined the role of 5-HT7 receptors in glutamate-induced neurotoxicity by using human SH-SY5Y neuroblastoma cells. The cells were pretreated with different concentrations of 5-HT7 receptor agonist LP44 and antagonist SB269970 for 60 min, followed by treatment with glutamate. Cell proliferation was measured using xCELLigence system. Treatment with all the concentrations of LP44 significantly protected the cells from the toxic effects of glutamate after 24, 48 and 72 h. Although 5-HT7 receptor expression was significantly upregulated in glutamate-treated cells, it was downregulated in LP44-pretreated cells. Furthermore, LP44 treatment significantly decreased malondialdehyde levels and increased superoxide dismutase activities and glutathione levels. Moreover, LP44 treatment significantly decreased tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α) levels and inhibited caspase 3 and caspase 9 mRNA expression. In contrast, SB269970 treatment exerted an insignificant effect on oxidative stress, inflammation and apoptosis. These findings suggest that exogenous stimulation of the 5-HT7 receptors may be protective in glutamate-induced neurotoxicity and that 5-HT7 receptor agonists can be used as therapeutic agents for preventing glutamate-induced neurological disorders.

16.
Naunyn Schmiedebergs Arch Pharmacol ; 392(2): 135-145, 2019 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30353214

RESUMO

Sepsis is a life-threatening organ dysfunction condition response resulting in acute lung injury. Urotensin II (UII), an endogenous vasoactive peptide, is widely distributed in pulmonary, cardiovascular, central nervous, renal and metabolic systems, and especially in inflammatory regions. This study aimed to investigate whether urotensin II (UII) and UII receptor (UTR) antagonists play a role in the inflammatory response to sepsis-induced lung damage and they are possible therapeutic targets. In the study, 78 male Balb-c mice were used. A cecal ligation and puncture (CLP)-induced polymicrobial sepsis model was applied, and the effects of human urotensin II (agonist) and urantide and palosuran (antagonists) were investigated on lung tissues. Glutathione and malondialdehyde levels and SOD activity of lung tissues were investigated in addition to TNF-α, IL-1ß, IL-6, NF-κB, and UTR mRNA levels. Also, lung sections were histopathologically evaluated. Urantide and palosuran, UII receptor antagonists, decreased proinflammatory cytokines such as TNF-α, IL-1ß, IL-6, NF-κB, and also decreased oxidative stress parameters in lung tissue, which are markers of damage. UTR mRNA expression was increased in septic lungs, and both antagonists significantly decreased the elevated receptor level. Also, histopathological examination showed beneficial effects of both agonists on lung tissue. The results of this study help to understand the inflammatory and therapeutic contribution of the UII/UTR system on sepsis-induced lung damage. We can suggest that UTR receptor antagonists may be evaluated as a potential drug which reduces sepsis-induced lung damage in the future.


Assuntos
Lesão Pulmonar Aguda/genética , Receptores Acoplados a Proteínas-G/genética , Sepse/genética , Lesão Pulmonar Aguda/tratamento farmacológico , Lesão Pulmonar Aguda/metabolismo , Lesão Pulmonar Aguda/patologia , Animais , Ceco/cirurgia , Citocinas/genética , Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Glutationa/metabolismo , Ligadura , Pulmão/efeitos dos fármacos , Pulmão/metabolismo , Pulmão/patologia , Masculino , Malondialdeído/metabolismo , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , NF-kappa B/genética , Fragmentos de Peptídeos/farmacologia , Quinolinas/farmacologia , Receptores Acoplados a Proteínas-G/agonistas , Receptores Acoplados a Proteínas-G/antagonistas & inibidores , Sepse/tratamento farmacológico , Sepse/metabolismo , Sepse/patologia , Superóxido Dismutase/metabolismo , Ureia/análogos & derivados , Ureia/farmacologia , Urotensinas/farmacologia
17.
An Acad Bras Cienc ; 91(1): e20180106, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30569967

RESUMO

Our aim is to investigate the potentially preventive effects of Aliskiren in a carrageenan-induced lung pleurisy model and to compare the standard anti-inflammatory agents, indomethacin and dexamethasone. The pleurisy model was induced through the injection of carrageenan (0.2 ml-%2) into the pleural cavity. After the experiment, serum and lung tissues were collected and biochemical, molecular and pathological examinations were performed. In our study, pleural inflammation decreased superoxide dismutase activity and the glutathione level and increased the malondialdehyde level in the lung of rats, while Aliskiren increased the superoxide dismutase activity and glutathione level and decreased the malondialdehyde level. In addition, carrageenan-induced pleurisy caused a significant increase in pro-inflammatory cytokines mRNA expressions (TNF-α, IL-1ß, and NF-KB), while Aliskiren administration decreased their expressions as well as the standard treatments, indomethacin and dexamethasone, did. Aliskiren administration at the 200 mg/kg dose protected the lungs in the pathological evaluation, especially against inflammatory cell infiltration and edematous lesions. It appears that Aliskiren protects the lung from carrageenan-induced pleurisy damage by regulating inflammation and antioxidant-oxidant balance via Renin Angiotensin Aldosterone System inhibition.


Assuntos
Amidas/farmacologia , Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Fumaratos/farmacologia , Pleurisia/prevenção & controle , Sistema Renina-Angiotensina/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Carragenina , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Glutationa/análise , Interleucina-1beta/análise , Pulmão/efeitos dos fármacos , Pulmão/patologia , Masculino , Malondialdeído/análise , NF-kappa B/análise , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Pleurisia/induzido quimicamente , Pleurisia/patologia , Ratos Wistar , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase em Tempo Real , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/análise
18.
Acta Odontol Scand ; 76(2): 130-134, 2018 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29057714

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Radiotherapy is a commonly used treatment modality in head and neck cancer; however, it also negatively affects healthy structures. Direct damage to oral soft and hard tissue frequently occurs with radiotherapy. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the effect of radiotherapy on bone surrounding titanium dental implants via biomechanical and molecular methods. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifty-four implants were inserted in the left tibiae of 18 adult male New Zealand rabbits (3 implants in each rabbit). After 4 weeks of the implant surgery, the left tibiae of 12 rabbits were subjected to a single dose of irradiation (15 Gy or 30 Gy). Four weeks after the irradiation, rabbits were sacrificed and removal torque test was done for the biomechanical evaluation. Bone morphogenetic protein-2 (Bmp-2) and fibroblast growth factor-2 (Fgf-2) expression analyses were performed with Real-time PCR. Statistical analysis was done using SPSS. RESULTS: The control group showed significantly higher removal torque value than the 15 and 30 Gy irradiation groups, and the 15 Gy irradiation group had higher removal torque value than the 30 Gy irradiation group (p < .001). The 15 Gy and 30 Gy irradiation groups had significantly lower Bmp-2 and Fgf-2 mRNA expressions than the control group (p < .001). In addition, the 30 Gy irradiation group had significantly lower Bmp-2 (p < .01) and Fgf-2 mRNA expressions (p < .001) than the 15 Gy group. CONCLUSION: Radiotherapy with 15 and 30 Gy doses can adversely affect osseointegration of implants by reducing the quality of bone and impairing the bone-to-implant contact. The mechanism of action seems to be related to alterations in Bmp-2 and Fgf-2 mRNA expressions.


Assuntos
Proteína Morfogenética Óssea 2/efeitos da radiação , Implantes Dentários , Materiais Dentários/efeitos da radiação , Titânio/química , Animais , Materiais Dentários/química , Relação Dose-Resposta à Radiação , Masculino , Osseointegração/efeitos da radiação , Coelhos , Propriedades de Superfície , Torque
19.
Eur J Pharmacol ; 818: 457-469, 2018 Jan 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29133126

RESUMO

This study aimed to investigate the potential role of urotensin-II receptors in sepsis-induced lung injury in diabetic mice using urotensin-II receptor agonists and antagonists. A total of 110 male CD1 mice were used in this study. Diabetes was induced by 200mg/kg streptozotocin. One month after diabetes induction, the cecal ligation and puncture-induced polymicrobial sepsis model was applied in the diabetic and non-diabetic mice. Low and high doses of human urotensin-II agonist (HU-II) and antagonist (palosuran) were administered one hour after sepsis induction. HU-II administration was repeated in two-hour intervals. Blood and tissue samples were collected at 6 and 12H after sepsis induction for biochemical, molecular, and histopathologic examinations. Regarding to the lungs mRNA expression and immunohistochemistry results of TNF-α, IL1 ß, IL6, and NF-κB, it was observed that cytokine levels significantly increased in the diabetes group and the sepsis groups compared to the healthy group; this increase was significantly higher in the diabetes-sepsis groups. Our biochemical (superoxide dismutase, glutathione, and malondialdehyde) and histopathological findings in the lungs also supported these results. All increased parameters were significantly reduced dose-dependently by the administration of palosuran, an urotensin receptor antagonist. mRNA expression of urotensin-II and its receptor were examined in the lung tissue. Palosuran administration significantly reduced the urotensin-II and urotensin-II receptor levels that increased in the damaged tissue. This study has shown that urotensin-II and urotensin-II receptors contribute to the aggravation of sepsis-induced lung injury in diabetic mice; palosuran prevents this damage by antagonizing urotensin-II receptors.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Experimental/complicações , Lesão Pulmonar/etiologia , Lesão Pulmonar/metabolismo , Receptores Acoplados a Proteínas-G/metabolismo , Sepse/complicações , Urotensinas/metabolismo , Animais , Peso Corporal , Jejum/sangue , Regulação da Expressão Gênica , Interleucina-6/genética , Lesão Pulmonar/genética , Masculino , Camundongos , NF-kappa B/genética , RNA Mensageiro/genética , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , Receptores Acoplados a Proteínas-G/antagonistas & inibidores , Receptores Acoplados a Proteínas-G/genética , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/genética , Urotensinas/genética
20.
Ear Nose Throat J ; 96(12): E14-E18, 2017 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29236276

RESUMO

Nasal polyposis (NP) is an inflammatory disease of the paranasal sinuses and nasal cavity. The primary purpose of our study is to determine the expression of 5-HT7 receptors both in nasal polyps and in healthy tissue in the nasal cavity. The subsequent aim is to compare the expression of 5-HT7 receptors in patients with NP and in inferior turbinate tissue (control). The study included 60 participants (40 with NP and 20 controls) aged 35 to 62 years. Nasal polyp samples were collected from all patients and relative 5-HT7 receptor expression analyses were performed. Reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction analysis of nasal polyps and control tissue identified 5-HT7 receptor expression in the nasal cavities of controls. This expression was approximately 67 times higher in nasal polyp tissue than in healthy tissue. Our study identifies the expression of 5-HT7 receptors in the nasal cavity for the first time and the first demonstration of increased 5-HT7 receptor expression in tissue from nasal polyps, which occur in the paranasal sinuses and nasal cavity.


Assuntos
Pólipos Nasais/metabolismo , Receptores de Serotonina/metabolismo , Rinite/metabolismo , Sinusite/metabolismo , Adulto , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Doença Crônica , Feminino , Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Cavidade Nasal/metabolismo , Mucosa Nasal/metabolismo , Seios Paranasais/metabolismo , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase
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