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1.
Cardiovasc Diagn Ther ; 11(5): 1080-1092, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34815958

RESUMO

Background: The plasma volume status (PVS) is considered a marker of non-overt cardiac congestion and is of prognostic value. Patients with low-flow, low-gradient (LFLG) aortic stenosis (AS) suffer from impaired left ventricular function and show signs of heart failure (HF). We hypothesized that PVS might predict post-interventional rehospitalization and cardiovascular mortality in high-risk patients undergoing transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI). Methods: In this retrospective, observational analysis, PVS before transfemoral TAVI was calculated by a formula taking into account hematocrit and weight. The predictive performance of PVS was compared with that of prior cardiac decompensation (PCD). Results: In the entire cohort of n=2,458 patients, PVS >-4% (high plasma volume) identified patients (n=1,013) with a higher post-interventional 1-year mortality rate than patients (n=1,445) with a PVS ≤-4% (low plasma volume). However, PVS lost prognostic independence when adjusted for anemia, whereas PCD did not. A high PVS and PCD were not correlated, and both parameters similarly revealed a low sensitivity and specificity but a high negative predictive value (NPV) for future HF events. PVS was not different between control patients (n=1,512) and those with intermediate (paradoxical LFLG-AS, n=327) or high risk scores (LFLG-AS, n=239). The accuracy of high PVS in predicting adverse events in these subpopulations was the same as in the study population overall. Kaplan-Maier analyses demonstrated similar prognostic impacts for PVS and PCD. Conclusions: PVS and PCD represent two independent parameters of volume overload with unfavorable prognostic significance. Pre-interventional PVS does not appear to be suitable for predicting clinical outcomes in high-risk patients undergoing TAVI.

2.
Front Cardiovasc Med ; 8: 741890, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34796212

RESUMO

Inflammation is a hallmark of the period after a myocardial infarction (MI) that is either promoted or resolved by distinct subtypes of circulating inflammatory cells. The three main monocyte subpopulations play different roles inflammation. This study examined whether the type of MI (type 1 or type 2) or the extent of myocardial injury is associated with differences in monocyte subpopulations. For this purpose, peripheral whole blood from patients with a suspected MI was used for flow cytometric measurements of the monocyte subpopulations, and myocardial injury was classified by cardiac troponin levels in serum. In patients with acute coronary syndrome (n = 82, 62.2% male) similar proportions of the monocyte subsets were associated with the two types of MI, whereas total monocyte counts were increased in patients with substantial myocardial injury vs. those with minor injury (p = 0.045). This was accompanied by a higher proportion of intermediate (p = 0.045) and classical monocytes (p = 0.059); no difference was found for non-classical monocytes (p = 0.772). In patients with chronic coronary syndrome (n = 144, 66.5% male), an independent association with myocardial injury was also observed for classical monocytes (p = 0.01) and intermediate monocytes (p = 0.08). In conclusion, changes in monocyte subpopulation counts, particularly for classical and intermediate monocytes, were related to the extent of myocardial injury in acute and stable coronary artery disease but not to the type of MI.

3.
J Clin Med ; 10(19)2021 Sep 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34640495

RESUMO

Cryoballoon (CB)-based pulmonary vein isolation (PVI) is an effective treatment modality for patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) with encouraging acute and long-term outcome data. However, the size of collaterally created lesion sets adjacent to the pulmonary veins (PVs) remains unclear, especially when CB ablation is performed with individualized time-to-isolation (TTI) protocols. This study seeks to investigate the extension of lesions at the posterior wall and the roof of the left atrium (LA). Thirty patients with paroxysmal or persistent AF underwent ablation with a fourth-generation CB. The individual freeze-cycle duration was set at TTI + 120 s. A total of 120 PVs were identified, and all were successfully isolated. A three-dimensional electroanatomical high-density (HD) mapping of the LA was performed in every patient before and after PVI. The surface areas of the posterior wall and LA roof were measured and compared with lesion extension after PVI. After CB ablation, 65.6 ± 16.9% of the posterior wall and 75.4 ± 18.4% of the LA roof remained unablated. In addition, non-antral lesion formation was observed in every patient in at least one PV. After CB ablation, anterior antral parts of the superior PVs showed the greatest unablated areas compared with the other antral areas. HD re-mapping after CB-based PVI demonstrated that major regions of the posterior wall and roof remained electrically normal and unaffected. Unablated antral areas were localized predominantly in the anterior segments of the superior PVs and may be partly responsible for AF recurrence.

4.
Eur J Radiol Open ; 8: 100384, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34712746

RESUMO

Purpose: The aim of the study was to investigate the potential of electrocardiogram (ECG)-gated computed tomography pulmonary angiography (CTPA) as a predictor of disease severity in patients with chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH). Method: Forty-five CTEPH patients with a mean age of 63.8 years±12.7 y (±standard deviation) who had undergone ECG-gated CTPA and right heart catheterization (RHC) were included in the study. Right ventricular to left ventricular volume ratio (RVV/LVV), diameter ratio on 4-chamber view (RVD4CH/LVD4CH), pulmonary trunk (PT) diameter, PT to aortic diameter ratio (PT/A), and septal angle were correlated to mean pulmonary artery pressure (mPAP). Moreover, RVV/LVV and RVD4CH/LVD4CH were adjusted to pulmonary diameter index (PADi) and PT/A index. Areas under the curve (AUC) for predicting mPAP above 40 mmHg, 35 mmHg, and 30 mmHg were calculated. Results: RVD4CH/LVD4CH revealed the strongest correlation to mPAP before (r = 0.6507) and after (r = 0.7650; p < 0.0001) PT/A adjustment. The AUCs for predicting pH with mPAP over 40 mmHg and 30 mmHg were 0.9229 and 0.864, respectively. A cutoff value of 1.298 enabled prediction of pH with mPAP over 40 mmHg with a sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive, and negative predictive value of 80.00 %, 95.83 %, 88.46 %, and 94.12 %, respectively. Intra- and interobserver variability were excellent for all parameters. Conclusion: Combining different and easily evaluable ECG-gated CTPA parameters enables excellent prediction of pulmonary hemodynamics in CTEPH patients. Ventricular diameter ratio on 4-chamber view adjusted by the PT/A ratio yielded the best correlation to mPAP.

5.
J Am Heart Assoc ; 10(20): e020488, 2021 10 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34622666

RESUMO

Background It remains unclear whether the novel biomarker cysteine-rich angiogenic inducer 61 (CCN1) adds incremental prognostic value to the GRACE 2.0 (Global Registry of Acute Coronary Events) risk score and biomarkers high-sensitivity Troponin T, hsCRP (high-sensitivity C-reactive protein), and NT-proBNP (N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide) in patients with acute coronary syndromes. Methods and Results Patients referred for coronary angiography with a primary diagnosis of acute coronary syndromes were enrolled in the Special Program University Medicine - Acute Coronary Syndromes and Inflammation cohort. The primary/secondary end points were 30-day/1-year all-cause mortality and the composite of all-cause mortality or myocardial infarction as used in the GRACE risk score. Associations between biomarkers and outcome were assessed using log-transformed biomarker values and the GRACE risk score (versions 1.0 and 2.0). The incremental value of CCN1 beyond a reference model was assessed using Harrell's C-statistics calculated from a Cox proportional-hazard model. The P value of the C-statistics was derived from a likelihood ratio test. Among 2168 patients recruited, 1732 could be analyzed. CCN1 was the strongest single predictor of all-cause mortality at 30 days (hazard ratio [HR], 1.77 [1.31, 2.40]) and 1 year (HR, 1.81 [1.47, 2.22]). Adding CCN1 alone to the GRACE 2.0 risk score improved C-statistics for prognostic accuracy of all-cause mortality at 30 days (0.87-0.88) and 1 year (0.81-0.82) and when combined with high-sensitivity Troponin T, hsCRP, NT-proBNP for 30 days (0.87-0.91), and for 1-year follow-up (0.81-0.84). CCN1 also increased the prognostic value for the composite of all-cause mortality or myocardial infarction. Conclusions CCN1 predicts adverse outcomes in patients with acute coronary syndromes adding incremental information to the GRACE risk score, suggesting distinct underlying molecular mechanisms. Registration URL: https://www.clinicaltrials.gov. Unique identifier: NCT01000701.

6.
Clin Res Cardiol ; 2021 Sep 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34476559

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Little is known about the impact of the ID on outcomes and device success using balloon-expandable devices. This study sought to analyze the impact of implantation depth (ID) on procedural outcomes. METHODS: In consecutive patients (n = 969) undergoing transfemoral TAVR with new-generation balloon-expandable prostheses, the mean ID (IDMean) was determined by aortography and categorized into low, correct, and high device position. Outcomes of interest were device success (VARC-2), paravalvular regurgitation (PVR) ≥ moderate, severe prosthesis-patient mismatch (PPM), permanent pacemaker implantation (PPI), and the composite of the three latter outcome measures (COMPPPP). RESULTS: IDMean was greater among patients with PPI (median 4.0 [interquartile range 2.0; 4.0] vs. 3.5 [1.5; 5.5] mm; p = 0.002), severe PPM (3.5 [1.5; 5.0] vs. 4.0 [2.0; 6.0] mm; p = 0.028), and COMPPPP (4.0 [2.0; 6.0] vs. 3.0 [1.5; 5.5] mm; p < 0.001) when compared with the respective groups without these complications. There was no significant association between IDMean and device success or PVR ≥ moderate. Categorization into low (7.3%), correct (90.7%), and high (2.0%) device position showed significant discrimination with an increase of severe PPM, PPI, and COMPPPP with lower position, whereas device success was not significantly affected by position. Only PVR ≥ moderate showed an asymmetric distribution with highest rates in the high and low position group, which was non-significant. However, among patients without correct position the rate of device success was 45.6%. CONCLUSIONS: A higher device position was associated with improved outcomes. Malpositioning without functional impairment should not be classified as device failure. The odds ratio of IDMean was calculated by univariate logistic regression for each outcome variable, showing that with higher values of IDMean (i.e., low implantation depth), the risk of severe PPM, PPI, and COMPPPP increases. The bar charts under the heading "Position category" denote the frequency of each outcome measure across patients with high, correct, and low device position. The p values are derived from chi-squared test.

8.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34463427

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To asses mid-term clinical outcomes of bioresorbable vascular scaffolds (BVS) for the treatment of coronary artery disease in a large-scale all-comers population. BACKGROUND: Several clinical settings are underrepresented in randomized studies investigating BVS against drug-eluting stents. Whether their results can be translated into the heterogeny patient population seen during daily routine requires further investigation. METHODS: The European ABSORB Consortium comprises the following European registries: GABI-R, ABSORB UK Registry, ABSORB France, BVS RAI Registry, and REPARA BVS Registry, which all prospectively collected patient-level data regarding outcomes following unrestricted BVS implantation. The primary endpoint of target lesion failure (TLF) includes cardiac death, target-vessel myocardial infarction (TVMI) and target-lesion revascularisation (TLR) at 12 months. The incidence of scaffold thrombosis (ST) according to ARC criteria was also assessed. Multivariable analysis was used to adjust for differences in patient and lesion characteristics. RESULTS: A total of 10,312 patients (mean age 58.4 ± 11.4 y) underwent BVS implantation during routine practice. The 12-month follow-up was complete in 95.5% of patients. At 12 months, the primary endpoint of TLF occurred in 3.6%; its components cardiac death, TVMI and TLR were documented in 1.2%, 1.8%, and 2.6%, respectively. The definite/probable ST rate was 1.7%. Absence of predilatation, discontinuation of DAPT and scaffold diameter below 3 mm were independent predictors of ST. CONCLUSIONS: The EAC demonstrates reasonable real-world clinical outcome data after BVS implantation. However, the rate of scaffold thrombosis remains high.

9.
J Cardiovasc Pharmacol ; 78(5): e669-e674, 2021 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34321397

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: Statin therapy after transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVI) is associated with better short-term and long-term outcomes. It is of interest to identify specific patient populations that may profit from statin therapy. In this retrospective, observational analysis of 2862 patients with symptomatic aortic stenosis after successful transfemoral TAVI, survival during a three-year observation period was characterized by Kaplan-Meier analyses according to statin therapy. Hazard ratios and potential interactions for specific subgroups of patients were determined by Cox regression analyses. At hospital discharge 1761 patients were on low-intensity or moderate-intensity statins, 246 patients were on high-intensity statins, and 855 patients did not take statins. Statin therapy adherence during the first 3 months post-TAVI was 91%. Mortality rates were 18.5%, 12.9%, and 6.9% for patients with no statin, low-intensity or moderate-intensity statins, and high-intensity statins (P < 0.001). Any statin therapy proved to be effective in patients in different classes of age, risk, and manifest cardiovascular disease and was independent of background medication. Statins were of particular benefit in high-risk patients with coronary artery disease [hazard ratio (HR) = 0.57], ejection fraction <40% (HR = 0.64), or low-flow low-gradient aortic stenosis (HR = 0.58) and showed additional benefit even in patients taking renin-angiotensin system blockers (HR = 0.74). Statins also reduced mortality in patients with malignant disease (HR = 0.47). Our analysis confirmed the beneficial effect of statins on survival after TAVI and documented this phenomenon in key patient subsets. The protective effect of statins in our study is consistent with the cardioprotective mechanisms but must be explained by other, yet undetermined pleiotropic effects of statins.

10.
Front Cardiovasc Med ; 8: 696287, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34195239

RESUMO

Background: After the bioresorbable PLLA-based vascular scaffold (Absorb BVS) was taken from the market due to its high adverse event rates, a magnesium-based scaffold (Magmaris) was introduced. Objective: To compare the acute performance of the sirolimus-eluting magnesium alloy Magmaris scaffold with that of the novolimus-eluting PLLA-based DESolve scaffold in terms of appropriate scaffold deployment using optical coherence tomography (OCT). Methods and Results: Data from the final OCT pullback of 98 patients were included (19 Magmaris, 79 DESolve) and analyzed at 1-mm intervals. The following indices were calculated: mean and minimal area, residual area stenosis, incomplete strut apposition, tissue prolapse, eccentricity index, symmetry index, strut fracture, and edge dissection. OCT showed a minimum lumen area for Magmaris vs. DESolve of 6.6 ± 1.6 vs. 6.0 ± 1.9 (p = 0.06). Scaffolds with residual area stenosis >20% were predominantly seen in the DESolve group (15.8 vs. 46.8%; p = 0.01). The mean eccentricity index did differ significantly (0.74 ± 0.06 vs. 0.63 ± 0.09; p < 0.001). No fractures were observed for Magmaris scaffolds, but 15.2% were documented for DESolve BRS (p < 0.001). Incomplete scaffold apposition area was significantly higher in the DESolve group (0.01 ± 0.02 vs. 1.05 ± 2.32 mm2; p < 0.001). Conclusion: This is the first study to compare the acute mechanical performance between Magmaris and DESolve in a real-world setting. The acute mechanical performance of Magmaris BRS seems to be superior to that of DESolve BRS, whereas OCT showed a good acute mechanical performance for both BRS in terms of generally accepted imaging criteria.

11.
J Clin Med ; 10(13)2021 Jun 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34208816

RESUMO

Patients with symptomatic aortic stenosis (AS) can have concomitant systolic heart failure (HF) that persists even after correction of afterload by transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI). These patients qualify as potential candidates for prophylactic therapy with an implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD). We compared survival between patients with or without an ICD after successful TAVI. This retrospective study analyzed Kaplan-Meier survival data during a follow-up period of three years in two populations: (a) patients with a left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) ≤ 35% before TAVI (overall population); (b) patients with additionally documented LVEF ≤ 35% 3 months after TAVI (persistent LV dysfunction subpopulation). In the overall population, 53 patients with and 193 patients without an ICD had similar baseline characteristics and procedural success rates, and HF medication at discharge was comparable. Three-year mortality rates were 26.4% for patients with an ICD and 24.4% for patients without an ICD (p = 0.758). Cardiovascular death rates were similar between groups (p = 0.914), and deaths were most often attributed to worsening of HF. Survival rates in patients with persistent LV dysfunction with an ICD (n = 24) or without an ICD (n = 59) were similar between groups (p = 0.872), with cardiovascular deaths mostly qualified as worsening HF and none as sudden cardiac death. Patients of the overall study population with biventricular pacing devices showed only a tendency to have better outcomes (p = 0.298). ICD therapy in elderly patients with AS and LV dysfunction undergoing TAVI did not demonstrate a survival benefit during a 3-year follow-up period.

12.
J Thorac Imaging ; 2021 Jul 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34232143

RESUMO

PURPOSE: We sought to compare parameters derived from cardiac computed tomography angiography (CCTA) with those from transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) for the evaluation of patients with severe mitral regurgitation (MR) before percutaneous edge-to-edge mitral valve repair (PE2E). TEE is the mainstay for PE2E, although it has specific limitations. CCTA enables measurements in any arbitrary plane with high spatial resolution and offers good calcium visibility. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients who underwent TEE and CCTA before scheduled PE2E at 2 medical centers were included in this retrospective analysis. Quantitative parameters relevant for PE2E were obtained from TEE and CCTA in a blinded manner and the intrareviewer variability was assessed. RESULTS: All 30 patients (15 female, 76±10 y) had secondary MR attributable to ischemic (60%) or nonischemic cardiomyopathy (40%). On comparing parameters from TEE and CCTA, left ventricular end-diastolic diameter was 60±11 versus 64±11 mm (r=0.90), intercommissural mitral annulus was 35±5 versus 35±5 mm (r=0.88), long-axis annulus was 33±5 versus 33±5 mm (r=0.74), the distance between the fossa ovalis and the leaflet coaptation was 42±5 versus 41±5 mm (r=0.81), the anterior mitral leaflet was 21±6 versus 20±7 mm (r=0.81), the posterior mitral leaflet was 13±2 versus 13±2 mm (r=0.91), and the median mitral calcification was 1 (interquartile range: 0 to 2) versus 0 (interquartile range: 0 to 1; r=0.53), respectively. Intrareviewer agreement was good and excellent for continuous and categorical variables, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Our data suggest that evaluation of the mitral valve apparatus with CCTA in patients considered for PE2E is feasible, correlates well with TEE, and offers improved calcium visibility. In selected cases, additional information from CCTA may be helpful for achieving optimal interventional results.

13.
JACC Cardiovasc Interv ; 14(14): 1578-1590, 2021 07 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34294400

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to characterize the feasibility of coronary angiography (CA) and percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in acute settings among patients who have undergone transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR). BACKGROUND: Impaired coronary access after TAVR may be challenging and particularly in acute settings could have deleterious consequences. METHODS: In this international registry, data from patients with prior TAVR requiring urgent or emergent CA were retrospectively collected. A total of 449 patients from 25 sites with acute coronary syndromes (89.1%) and other acute cardiovascular situations (10.9%) were included. RESULTS: Success rates were high for CA of the right coronary artery (98.3%) and left coronary artery (99.3%) and were higher among patients with short stent-frame prostheses (SFPs) than in those with long SFPs for CA of the right coronary artery (99.6% vs 95.9%; P = 0.005) but not for CA of the left coronary artery (99.7% vs 98.7%; P = 0.24). PCI of native coronary arteries was successful in 91.4% of cases and independent of valve type (short SFP 90.4% vs long SFP 93.4%; P = 0.44). Guide engagement failed in 6 patients, of whom 3 underwent emergent coronary artery bypass grafting and another 3 died in the hospital. Among patients requiring revascularization of native vessels, independent predictors of 30-day all-cause mortality were prior diabetes, cardiogenic shock, and failed PCI but not valve type or success of coronary engagement. CONCLUSIONS: CA or PCI after TAVR in acute settings is usually successful, but selective coronary engagement may be more challenging in the presence of long SFPs. Among patients requiring PCI, prior diabetes, cardiogenic shock, and failed PCI were predictors of early mortality.


Assuntos
Síndrome Coronariana Aguda , Estenose da Valva Aórtica , Doença da Artéria Coronariana , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/diagnóstico por imagem , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/terapia , Valva Aórtica/diagnóstico por imagem , Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/diagnóstico por imagem , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/cirurgia , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/terapia , Estudos de Viabilidade , Humanos , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/efeitos adversos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter/efeitos adversos , Resultado do Tratamento
14.
Biomark Med ; 15(12): 1021-1034, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34289706

RESUMO

Aim: This study assessed the utility of osteopontin (OPN) and galectin-3 (Gal-3) as biomarkers of maladaptive right ventricular remodeling in pulmonary hypertension (PH). Materials & methods: We examined plasma levels of OPN and Gal-3 in patients with PH (n = 62), dilated cardiomyopathy (n = 34), left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH; n = 47), and controls without right ventricle (RV) or LV abnormalities (n = 38). Results: OPN and Gal-3 levels were higher in PH, dilated cardiomyopathy and LVH than in the controls. OPN concentrations in PH patients with maladaptive RV were significantly higher than in those with adaptive RV. Gal-3 did not differentiate between adaptive and maladaptive RV remodeling in PH. OPN and Gal-3 levels did not correlate with parameters of LV remodeling. Conclusion: OPN is a potential biomarker of RV maladaptation.

15.
Catheter Cardiovasc Interv ; 98(4): E564-E570, 2021 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34137482

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To identify potential differences in 2-year outcome between patients who underwent coronary revascularization using bioresorbable vascular scafffolds (BVS) in stable coronary artery disease (CAD) and acute coronary syndromes (ACS). BACKGROUND: Data from randomized trials suggest a significantly higher event rate following coronary revascularization using everolimus-eluting BVS as compared to new generation drug eluting stents. Whether particular patient subgroups are at increased risk for scaffold thrombosis and target lesion failure (TLF) has not clearly been demonstrated. METHODS: German-Austrian ABSORB RegIstRy is a prospective all-comer multi-center observational study of consecutive patients who were considered for coronary revascularization with BVS. We compared 1499 patients with stable CAD to 1594 patients with ACS. Endpoints were major adverse cardiac events (MACE), TLF, and scaffold thrombosis. RESULTS: While single vessel disease was more prevalent in ACS (46% vs. 37%, p < 0.0001), lesion complexity (B2/C stenosis 37% vs. 36%, bifurcation 2.4% vs. 3.4%, p < 0.05), number of implanted scaffolds/patient (1.34 vs. 1.43), scaffold length (18 vs. 18 mm) or the rate of high pressure postdilatation (68% vs. 70%) did not differ between ACS and stable CAD. Two-year MACE rates were 11.6% in ACS and 11.4% in stable CAD, TLF occurred in 7.0% versus 7.4% and target vessel revascularization in 8.8 versus 10.2% (n.s. for all). Definite scaffold thrombosis rates were not significantly different (ACS 1.9% vs. stable CAD 2.1%). CONCLUSION: Real-world 2-year event rates after coronary revascularization with BVS are not significantly different between individuals with ACS as compared to stable CAD.


Assuntos
Síndrome Coronariana Aguda , Doença da Artéria Coronariana , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Implantes Absorvíveis , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/diagnóstico por imagem , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/cirurgia , Áustria , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico por imagem , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/cirurgia , Everolimo/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/efeitos adversos , Estudos Prospectivos , Desenho de Prótese , Sistema de Registros , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
16.
Catheter Cardiovasc Interv ; 98(4): E555-E563, 2021 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34143547

RESUMO

AIMS: We aimed to investigate predictors of scaffold failure and the potential impact of an optimized scaffold implantation technique by means of a learning curve on long-term clinical outcome after bioresorbable scaffold (BRS) implantation and to evaluate predictors of scaffold failure. METHODS AND RESULTS: A total of 3326 patients were included in this prospective, observational, multi-center study (ClinicalTrials.gov NCT02066623) of consecutive patients undergoing BRS implantation between November 2013 and January 2016. The 3144 patients completed follow-up after 24 months, 3265 patients were eligible for time-to-event-analysis. Clinical endpoints were major adverse cardiac events-a composite endpoint of death, target vessel revascularization and myocardial infarction, and scaffold thrombosis (ScT). Patients were grouped according to treatment before or since 2015. During follow-up MACE rate improved from 2.52% after 30 days, 5.45% after 6 months and 12.67% after 24 months to 1.52%, 3.44%, and 10.52%, respectively. A total of 75 ScT occurred. In multiple regression analysis, treatment of bifurcations, long lesions, and procedures performed earlier than 2014 were identified as predictors for the occurrence of ScT. CONCLUSION: Treatment of bifurcation lesions is the strongest predictor of ScT following BRS implantation. A significantly lower incidence of ScT and 24-month target lesion revascularization in patients recruited after 2014 into our observational registry suggests the influence of a learning curve.


Assuntos
Doença da Artéria Coronariana , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Implantes Absorvíveis , Áustria , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico por imagem , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/cirurgia , Humanos , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/efeitos adversos , Estudos Prospectivos , Desenho de Prótese , Sistema de Registros , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
17.
J Cardiovasc Comput Tomogr ; 15(6): 492-498, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34119471

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Compared with invasive fractional flow reserve (FFR), coronary CT angiography (cCTA) is limited in detecting hemodynamically relevant lesions. cCTA-based FFR (CT-FFR) is an approach to overcome this insufficiency by use of computational fluid dynamics. Applying recent innovations in computer science, a machine learning (ML) method for CT-FFR derivation was introduced and showed improved diagnostic performance compared to cCTA alone. We sought to investigate the influence of stenosis location in the coronary artery system on the performance of ML-CT-FFR in a large, multicenter cohort. METHODS: Three hundred and thirty patients (75.2% male, median age 63 years) with 502 coronary artery stenoses were included in this substudy of the MACHINE (Machine Learning Based CT Angiography Derived FFR: A Multi-Center Registry) registry. Correlation of ML-CT-FFR with the invasive reference standard FFR was assessed and pooled diagnostic performance of ML-CT-FFR and cCTA was determined separately for the following stenosis locations: RCA, LAD, LCX, proximal, middle, and distal vessel segments. RESULTS: ML-CT-FFR correlated well with invasive FFR across the different stenosis locations. Per-lesion analysis revealed improved diagnostic accuracy of ML-CT-FFR compared with conventional cCTA for stenoses in the RCA (71.8% [95% confidence interval, 63.0%-79.5%] vs. 54.8% [45.7%-63.8%]), LAD (79.3 [73.9-84.0] vs. 59.6 [53.5-65.6]), LCX (84.1 [76.0-90.3] vs. 63.7 [54.1-72.6]), proximal (81.5 [74.6-87.1] vs. 63.8 [55.9-71.2]), middle (81.2 [75.7-85.9] vs. 59.4 [53.0-65.6]) and distal stenosis location (67.4 [57.0-76.6] vs. 51.6 [41.1-62.0]). CONCLUSION: In a multicenter cohort with high disease prevalence, ML-CT-FFR offered improved diagnostic performance over cCTA for detecting hemodynamically relevant stenoses regardless of their location.

19.
Catheter Cardiovasc Interv ; 98(6): E922-E931, 2021 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34138510

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Blunted left ventricular hemodynamics reflected by a low stroke volume index (SVI) ≤35 mL/m2 body surface area (low flow [LF]) in patients with severe aortic stenosis (AS) are associated with worse outcomes even after correction of afterload by transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI). These patients can have a low or high transvalvular mean pressure gradient (MPG). We investigated the impact of the pre-interventional MPG on outcomes after TAVI. METHODS: Patients with LF AS were classified into those with normal (EF ≥ 50%; LF/NEF) or reduced ejection fraction (EF < 50%; LF/REF) and were then stratified according to an MPG < or ≥ 40 mmHg. Patients with SVI >35 mL/m2 (normal flow; NF) served as controls. RESULTS: 597 patients with LF/NEF, 264 patients with LF/REF and 975 patients with NF were identified. Among all groups those patients with a low MPG were characterized by higher cardiovascular risk. In patients with LF/REF, functional improvement post-TAVI was less pronounced in low-MPG patients. One-year survival was significantly worse in LF AS patients with a low vs. high MPG (LF/NEF 16.5% vs. 10.5%, p = 0.022; LF/REF 25.4% vs. 8.0%, p = 0.002), whereas no differences were found in NF patients (8.7% vs. 10.0%, p = 0.550). In both LF AS groups, a low pre-procedural MPG emerged as an independent predictor of mortality. CONCLUSIONS: In patients with LF AS, an MPG cut-off of 40 mmHg defines two patient populations with fundamental differences in outcomes after TAVI. Patients with LF AS and a high MPG have the same favorable prognosis as patients with NF AS.

20.
PLoS One ; 16(6): e0253332, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34133470

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) is the standard treatment option for patients with severe aortic stenosis (AS) at intermediate or high surgical risk. Preexisting right bundle branch block (RBBB) is a strong predictor of new pacemaker implantation (PPM) after TAVI, and previous data indicate a worse short- and long-term outcome of patients. The aim of this study was to investigate whether preexisting RBBB has an effect on the short- and mid-term outcome of patients undergoing TAVI in a German high-volume TAVI center. METHODS: For the present retrospective analysis, a total of 1,891 patients with native severe AS with successful TAVI without preexisting PPM were included. The primary endpoint was all-cause mortality after 30 days and 12 months. Baseline RBBB was present in 190 (10.1%) of cases. RESULTS: Patients with preexisting RBBB had a considerably higher rate of new PPM after TAVI compared with patients without RBBB (87/190 [45.8%] vs. 219/1,701 [12.9%]; p<0.001). RBBB had no impact on all-cause mortality at 30 days (2.1% vs. 2.7%; p = 0.625) and at 12 months (14.4% vs. 13.6%; p = 0.765). Further stratification according to the presence of new PPM showed a difference in mid-term survival rates between the four groups, with the worst outcome for patients without RBBB and new PPM (log rank p = 0.024). However, no difference in mid-term cardiovascular survival was found. CONCLUSION: Preexisting RBBB is a common finding in patients with severe AS undergoing TAVI and is associated with considerably higher PPM rates but not with worse short- and mid-term outcome.


Assuntos
Bloqueio de Ramo/complicações , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter/efeitos adversos , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/complicações , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/mortalidade , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Bloqueio de Ramo/mortalidade , Feminino , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino , Marca-Passo Artificial , Estudos Retrospectivos , Análise de Sobrevida , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter/métodos , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter/mortalidade , Resultado do Tratamento
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