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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32187817

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate very long-term results after unrestricted everolimus-eluting bioresorbable scaffolds (BRS) implantation. BACKGROUND: Previous randomized studies mainly included selected patients differing from those seen during daily routine and long-term data from all-comers registries are sparse. METHODS: Consecutive patients undergoing BRS implantation were included in this observational, single center study. Clinical follow-up was conducted up to 5 years. Endpoint of interest was the composite of target lesion failure (TLF), including target-vessel myocardial infarction and target lesion revascularization and cardiac death. Furthermore, ARC-defined scaffold thrombosis (ScT) were assessed. RESULTS: A total of 176 patients with a median age of 64 (55 - 72) years were analyzed, of which 59.6% presented an acute coronary syndrome. A total of 183 mainly complex lesions (55.8%) were treated. At 5 years, the rate for TLF was 21.6%. Definite or probable ScT rate was 4.1%. The rate of ScT within the first year was 2.8% and afterwards 1.2%. Notably, no ScT was seen later than 2 years. CONCLUSIONS: Although this real-world registry displays high rates of clinical events during long-term follow-up, no ScT was seen after 2 years.

2.
Int J Cardiol ; 304: 144-147, 2020 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32008845

RESUMO

Myocardial infarction (MI) not only defines acute MI with obstructed coronary arteries (T1MI) but also myocardial necrosis caused by myocardial oxygen supply/demand mismatch as type 2 MI (T2MI); only T1MI patients benefit from an early invasive management. Myeloid-related protein(MRP)-8/14 is a biomarker described in various inflammatory diseases and in MI patients. Here we evaluate the potential of MRP-8/14 and high-sensitivity troponin I (hs-cTnI) to differentiate T2MI from T1MI. Patients with final diagnosis NSTEMI (n = 254; 33.1% female) enrolled in a prospective biomarker registry between 08/2011 and 10/2016 were analysed. Median baseline MRP-8/14 levels were higher in T2MI (n = 55; 3.37(1.88-6.48)µg/mL) than in T1MI (n = 199; 2.4 [1.4-3.79]µg/mL) (p = .013) patients, in contrast to hs-cTnI (T2MI:52[11.65-321.4]ng/L vs. T1MI:436.5 [61.25-1973.8]ng/L; p < .001). To detect the strength of this association odds ratios(OR) were calculated with MRP-8/14 yielding 2.13(1.16-3.92; p = .015) to predict T2MI and 0.47(0.26-0.87; p = .015) for T1MI. As expected, hs-cTnI yielded an OR of to predict T2MI 0.34(0.17-0.65; p = .001) and 2.98(1.53-5.81; p = .001) for T1MI. Both markers show comparable and independent results if adjust to hs-cTnI/MRP-8/14, TIMI risk score and CRP. T2MI is associated with higher MRP-8/14 and lower hs-cTnI concentrations than T1MI. Our data suggest that MRP-8/14 as a marker of inflammation might provide usable discriminatory information complementing hs-cTnI in a diagnostic procedure evaluating the type of MI directly upon hospital admission.

3.
Eur Heart J ; 41(6): 733-735, 2020 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32031223
4.
BMC Cardiovasc Disord ; 20(1): 30, 2020 Jan 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32000671

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Atrial fibrillation with symptomatic bradycardia, higher grade atrioventricular block, and sinus node disease are all common indications for permanent pacemaker implantation. The most frequent causes of sinus node disease treated with pacemaker implantation involve degenerative structural changes of the sinus node; less often, extrinsic causes (such as damage due to myocardial infarction or heightened parasympathetic nervous system activity) lead to pacemaker implantation. CASE PRESENTATION: A 50-year-old patient with syncope and documented sinoatrial arrest was referred. Neurologic exams (including CT and EEG) revealed no pathologies, so a pacemaker was implanted. Postoperatively, syncope occurred again due to a focal seizure during which sinus rhythm transitioned to atrial pacing by the device. Further neurologic testing revealed focal epilepsy. Six months later, stage IV glioblastoma was diagnosed and the patient was treated surgically. CONCLUSION: Intracerebral tumors should be considered in the differential diagnosis for patients with unexplained sinoatrial block, as well as in patients with repeat syncope after pacemaker implantation. Cranial MRI could aid the diagnostic workup of such cases.

5.
Am J Cardiol ; 2020 Feb 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32098656

RESUMO

Safety and feasibility of transfemoral Acurate neo implantation without systematic predilatation are not fully investigated. Our aim was to evaluate the use and impact of pre-implantation balloon aortic valvuloplasty (pre-BAV) before transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) with Acurate neo. The NEOPRO Registry retrospectively included 1,263 patients who underwent transfemoral TAVI with Acurate neo at 18 centers between January 2012 and March 2018. Information on pre-BAV was available for 1,262 patients (99.9%). Primary end points were pre-discharge moderate-to-severe paravalvular aortic regurgitation (PAR II+), 30-day new permanent pacemaker implantation, and 30-day all-cause mortality or stroke. A total of 1,262 patients who underwent TAVI with (n = 1,051) or without predilatation (n = 211) were included. A reduction in the pre-BAV rate was observed during the study period (from 95.7% in the first date quintile to 78.4% in the last date quintile). Patients who underwent pre-BAV had higher degrees of aortic valve (AV) and left ventricular outflow tract (LVOT) calcification. Primary endpoints were similar between pre-BAV and no pre-BAV groups (PAR II+ 5.5% vs 3.4%, p = 0.214; 30-day permanent pacemaker implantation 9.0% vs 8.0%, p = 0.660; 30-day death or stroke 4.9% vs 4.4%, p = 0.743). The need for postdilatation and other procedural outcomes were comparable between groups. Predilatation did not have a significant impact on primary endpoints across AV and LVOT calcification subgroups (subgroup analyses) and was not independently associated with primary endpoints (multivariate analyses). In conclusion, transfemoral Acurate neo implantation without predilatation appears to be feasible and safe, especially in patients with milder degrees of AV and LVOT calcification.

6.
Int J Cardiol ; 300: 113-114, 2020 02 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31699455
7.
Int J Cardiovasc Imaging ; 36(2): 251-256, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31587128

RESUMO

Recognition of bicuspid aortic valve (BAV) may be challenging in elderly patients with heavily calcified aortic valves undergoing transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR). In this subset, the diagnostic value of pre-procedural echocardiography in clinical routine is unknown. From a total of 2583 patients undergoing TAVR in our center, we determined the rate of BAV detected by routine echocardiography as documented in the medical records. Pre-procedural multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) images were retrospectively analyzed for the presence of BAV and served as reference standard. Using MDCT criteria, BAV was found in 235 (9.1%) (age 80.1 years [interquartile range 76.4; 83.4], 44.3% female). Of these, only 27/235 (11.5%) had been identified as BAV according to echocardiography reports, whereas 6/2348 (0.3%) with TAV had been wrongly diagnosed as BAV (p < 0.001; sensitivity 11.5%, specificity 99.7%). Correct diagnosis of BAV by echocardiography was more likely when transesophageal echocardiography was available (odds ratio (OR) 5.12 [95% confidence interval (CI) 2.22; 11.80]; p < 0.001) and the reader was experienced (OR 5.28 [95% CI 1.55; 18.04]; p = 0.008). Furthermore, correct diagnosis of BAV was more likely in bicommissural-type BAV (OR 2.22 [95% CI 0.90; 5.48]; p = 0.08), whereas heavy aortic valve calcification lead to misdiagnosis (OR 0.39 [95% CI 0.14; 1.06]; p = 0.07). In elderly patients with severe aortic stenosis that are candidates for TAVR, the presence of BAV may be considerably underestimated when relying solely on routine echocardiography. This underlines the value of MDCT for the screening of BAV in this patient population.

8.
Thromb Haemost ; 120(1): 65-74, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31752042

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Glycoprotein IIb/IIIa inhibitors (GPIs) in combination with clopidogrel improve clinical outcome in ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI); however, finding a balance that minimizes both thrombotic and bleeding risk remains fundamental. The efficacy and safety of GPI in addition to ticagrelor, a more potent P2Y12-inhibitor, have not been fully investigated. METHODS: 1,630 STEMI patients who underwent primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) were analyzed in this subanalysis of the ATLANTIC trial. Patients were divided in three groups: no GPI, GPI administration routinely before primary PCI, and GPI administration in bailout situations. The primary efficacy outcome was a composite of death, myocardial infarction, urgent target revascularization, and definite stent thrombosis at 30 days. The safety outcome was non-coronary artery bypass graft (CABG)-related PLATO major bleeding at 30 days. RESULTS: Compared with no GPI (n = 930), routine GPI (n = 525) or bailout GPI (n = 175) was not associated with an improved primary efficacy outcome (4.2% no GPI vs. 4.0% routine GPI vs. 6.9% bailout GPI; p = 0.58). After multivariate analysis, the use of GPI in bailout situations was associated with a higher incidence of non-CABG-related bleeding compared with no GPI (odds ratio [OR] 2.96, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.32-6.64; p = 0.03). However, routine GPI use compared with no GPI was not associated with a significant increase in bleeding (OR 1.78, 95% CI 0.88-3.61; p = 0.92). CONCLUSION: Use of GPIs in addition to ticagrelor in STEMI patients was not associated with an improvement in 30-day ischemic outcome. A significant increase in 30-day non-CABG-related PLATO major bleeding was seen in patients who received GPIs in a bailout situation.

9.
Clin Res Cardiol ; 109(3): 374-384, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31256259

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to compare the clinical outcomes of patients treated with bioresorbable scaffold (BRS) for off-label versus approved indications. BACKGROUND: The BRS promised some advantages in terms of complete biodegradation within 2-4 years, restored vascular physiology, and absence of potential stent-related long-term complications. However, the implication of BRS for off-label indications and further long-term follow-up of this particular patient group is not well described. METHODS: The short- and long-term outcome after implantation of an everolimus-eluting, poly-L-lactic acid-based bioresorbable scaffold system (ABSORB, Abbott Vascular, Santa Clara, CA, USA) was evaluated in the prospective, non-interventional, multicenter real-world German-Austrian ABSORB RegIstRy (GABI-R). RESULTS: A total of 3188 patients were enrolled. Patients were divided into two groups: on-label BRS use (33.0%) and off-label use (66.9%) if at least one off-label use criteria was met. The incidence of scaffold thrombosis in confirmed cases was significantly higher in off-label group (1.3% versus 0.5%, p = 0.04; OR 2.41 (95% CI 1.00-5.82) with also a trend toward higher myocardial infarction rate (2.3% versus 1.4%, p = 0.077; OR 1.70 (95% CI 0.95-3.03) and cardiovascular death (1.2% versus 1.1%, p = 0.76, OR 1.11 (95% CI 0.56-2.21) at 6-month follow-up. CONCLUSIONS: In a real-world setting, the majority patients were treated with BRS for off-label indications. The off-label use of BRS compared to confirmed indications appears to be associated with a higher rate of clinical endpoints considering more complex lesions and higher morbidity in this patients' group. Comparison between treatment of "established" versus complex "off-label" coronary lesions with Absorb® bioresorbable scaffold implantation: results from the GABI-R® registry.

10.
Clin Res Cardiol ; 109(3): 303-314, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31236692

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) is emerging as the standard of care for patients with severe aortic stenosis. Recent results have been favourable even for patients with low periprocedural risk. METHODS: We analysed the number of procedures, complications, and in-hospital mortality rates of all patients undergoing isolated aortic valve replacement in 2017 in Germany, focussing especially on transvascular (TV) TAVI. Patients were stratified according the German Aortic Valve Score (AKL) into the risk classes low, intermediate, high and very high (≥ 10%). RESULTS: A total of 17,956 TV-TAVI and 9011 isolated surgical aortic valve replacements (iSAVR) were performed in Germany in 2017. Although the total rate of intraprocedural complications after TV-TAVI was the same as in 2016 (both 7.4%), fewer patients experienced an arterial vascular complication in 2017 (2017: 6.0%; 2016: 7.1%; p < 0.001). Likewise, the rate of new pacemaker implantation decreased (2017: 9.6%; 2016:11.4%; p < 0.001). In-hospital mortality after TV-TAVI and iSAVR was equal (2.7%) in 2017, despite the much higher risk profile of TV-TAVI patients. Using the AKL score as reference, TV-TAVI showed a more favourable observed-to-expected mortality (O/E) ratio (0.89) than iSAVR (1.14)- even more pronounced in patients at low risk (0.81 vs. 1.14). CONCLUSIONS: The rates of major complications like bleeding and permanent pacemaker implantation after TV-TAVI keep declining. In 2017 patients undergoing TV-TAVI had a low in-hospital mortality rate with an O/E ratio < 1, indicating that the results were again better than those of all TAVI and SAVR of the previous year. Overall in-hospital mortality after transvascular TAVI and isolated aortic valve repair 2017 in Germany stratified to risk groups by the German Aortic Valve Score (German AV Score/AKL Score): low risk group (AKL 0- < 3%), intermediate risk group (AKL 3- < 6%), high risk group (AKL 6- < 10%) and very high risk group (AKL ≥ 10%).

11.
Catheter Cardiovasc Interv ; 95(3): 494-500, 2020 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31067010

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study sought to analyze the impact of the preprocedural thrombolysis in myocardial infarction (TIMI) flow on clinical outcome in patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). BACKGROUND: Previous studies have shown that the TIMI flow 0/1 prior to primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is associated with a poor clinical outcome. However, it is unclear whether the same is true in patients with ongoing STEMI of less than 6 hr duration, rapid reperfusion, and modern guideline-adherent therapy. METHODS: The ATLANTIC study compared prehospital versus inhospital treatment with ticagrelor in patients with acute STEMI. For this analysis, patients were divided into three groups according to the preprocedural TIMI flow grade of the infarct vessel: TIMI 0/1, TIMI 2, and TIMI 3. RESULTS: From a total of 1,680 patients, 1,113 had TIMI 0/1, 279 TIMI 2, and 288 TIMI 3 flow before primary PCI. At 30 days, the composite ischemic endpoint (5.5, 2.9, and 2.1%, p < .05) and all-cause death (3.0, 1.4, and 2.1%, p = .30) were highest in patients with TIMI flow 0/1. After adjustment, preprocedural TIMI flow <3 (versus 3) was not an independent predictor of major adverse ischemic events within 30 days (odds ratio 1.89, 95% confidence interval 0.74-4.85). However, definite stent thrombosis occurred only in patients with initial TIMI flow 0/1 (1.0%). Among these patients, those with prehospital administration of ticagrelor were less often affected (0.3% vs. 1.3%, p < .05). CONCLUSION: In this post-hoc analysis, preprocedural TIMI flow was not independently associated with a higher rate of adverse ischemic events.

12.
Thromb Haemost ; 120(1): 141-155, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31887780

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Blood monocyte subsets are emerging as biomarkers of cardiovascular inflammation. However, our understanding of human monocyte heterogeneity and their immunophenotypic features under healthy and inflammatory conditions is still evolving. RATIONALE: In this study, we sought to investigate the immunophenome of circulating human monocyte subsets. METHODS: Multiplexed, high-throughput flow cytometry screening arrays and computational data analysis were used to analyze the expression and hierarchical relationships of 242 specific surface markers on circulating classical (CD14++CD16-), intermediate (CD14++CD16+), and nonclassical (CD14+CD16++) monocytes in healthy adults. RESULTS: Using generalized linear models and hierarchical cluster analysis, we selected and clustered epitopes that most reliably differentiate between monocyte subsets. We validated existing transcriptional profiling data and revealed potential new surface markers that uniquely define the classical (e.g., BLTR1, CD35, CD38, CD49e, CD89, CD96), intermediate (e.g., CD39, CD275, CD305, CDw328), and nonclassical (e.g., CD29, CD132) subsets. In addition, our analysis revealed phenotypic cell clusters, identified by dendritic markers CMRF-44 and CMRF-56, independent of the traditional monocyte classification. CONCLUSION: These results reveal an advancement of the clinically applicable multiplexed screening arrays that may facilitate monocyte subset characterization and cytometry-based biomarker selection in various inflammatory disorders.

13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31854112

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the impact of different anti-platelet strategies on outcomes after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in patients with established cardiovascular disease (CVD). METHODS: GLOBAL LEADERS was a randomized, superiority, all-comers trial comparing one-month dual anti-platelet therapy (DAPT) with ticagrelor and aspirin followed by 23-month ticagrelor monotherapy (experimental treatment) with standard 12-month DAPT followed by 12-month aspirin monotherapy (reference treatment) in patients treated with a biolimus A9-eluting stent. Established CVD was defined as ≥1 prior myocardial infarction, PCI, coronary artery bypass operation, stroke, or established peripheral vascular disease. The primary endpoint was a composite of all-cause death or new Q-wave MI at 2-years. The secondary safety endpoint was BARC 3 or 5 bleeding. Exploratory secondary endpoints were the patient-orientated composite endpoint and net adverse clinical events. RESULTS: Among the 15,761 patients in this cohort were 6,693 patients (42.5%) with established CVD. Compared to those without established CVD, these patients had significantly higher rates of the primary (5.1 vs. 3.3%, HR1.59[1.36-1.86], p < .001) and secondary composite endpoints with no significant differences in bleeding. There was a nonsignificant reduction in the primary endpoint in patients with established CVD receiving the experimental treatment (4.6 vs. 5.6%, HR0.82[0.66-1.02], p = .07). When comparing patients without CVD to those with one or three territories of CVD, the hazard ratio for the primary endpoint increased in unadjusted and adjusted models. CONCLUSIONS: The poorer outcomes in patients with established CVD are not mitigated by prolonged monotherapy with a potent P2Y12 inhibitor suggesting a greater need to focus on modifiable risk factors.

14.
Int J Mol Sci ; 21(1)2019 Dec 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31861297

RESUMO

The members of Rho family of GTPases, RhoA and Rac1 regulate endothelial cytoskeleton dynamics and hence barrier integrity. The spatial activities of these GTPases are regulated by post-translational prenylation. In the present study, we investigated the effect of prenylation inhibition on the endothelial cytoskeleton and barrier properties. The study was carried out in human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVEC) and protein prenylation is manipulated with various pharmacological inhibitors. Inhibition of either complete prenylation using statins or specifically geranylgeranylation but not farnesylation has a biphasic effect on HUVEC cytoskeleton and permeability. Short-term treatment inhibits the spatial activity of RhoA/Rho kinase (Rock) to actin cytoskeleton resulting in adherens junctions (AJ) stabilization and ameliorates thrombin-induced barrier disruption whereas long-term inhibition results in collapse of endothelial cytoskeleton leading to increased basal permeability. These effects are reversed by supplementing the cells with geranylgeranyl but not farnesyl pyrophosphate. Moreover, long-term inhibition of protein prenylation results in basal hyper activation of RhoA/Rock signaling that is antagonized by a specific Rock inhibitor or an activation of cAMP signaling. In conclusion, inhibition of geranylgeranylation in endothelial cells (ECs) exerts biphasic effect on endothelial barrier properties. Short-term inhibition stabilizes AJs and hence barrier function whereas long-term treatment results in disruption of barrier properties.

15.
Clin Res Cardiol ; 2019 Dec 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31667623

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: It is unknown whether left atrial (LA) roof ablation combined with pulmonary vein isolation (PVI) using a second-generation cryoballoon provides additional benefit beyond that of PVI alone in patients with persistent atrial fibrillation (AF). The aim of this study was to compare arrhythmia recurrence rates after PVI alone versus PVI plus LA roof ablation. METHODS AND RESULTS: In this observational study, we analyzed 399 symptomatic patients with persistent AF treated with cryoballoon ablation. After univariate and multivariate analyses of the entire cohort, propensity score matching resulted in two groups of 86 patients each: (1) PVI plus LA roof ablation (PVI-plus group) and (2) PVI alone (PVI-only group). The primary endpoint was the first documented > 30-s arrhythmia recurrence after a 3-month blanking period. PVI was successful in all patients. A bidirectional conduction block across the LA roof was verified in 91.9% of patients in the PVI-plus group. During a median mid-term follow-up of 33 months, 21 patients (24.4%) in the PVI-plus group and 37 patients (43.0%) in the PVI-only group (P = 0.01) reached the primary endpoint. Multivariate analysis revealed AF history > 2 years (hazard ratio [HR] = 2.04, P < 0.01), LA area > 21 cm2 (HR = 2.36, P < 0.01), female sex (HR = 1.92, P = 0.02), and LA roof ablation (HR = 0.47, P < 0.01) as significant predictors of outcome. CONCLUSIONS: We observed a significant difference in arrhythmia recurrence rates between the two groups. LA roof ablation is an effective adjuvant treatment option that shows improved outcome compared with PVI alone.

16.
PLoS One ; 14(11): e0225473, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31770401

RESUMO

AIMS: Patients with aortic stenosis (AS) may have concomitant heart failure (HF) that determines prognosis despite successful transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI). We compared outcomes of TAVI patients with low stroke volume index (SVI) ≤35 ml/m2 body surface area in different HF classes. METHODS AND RESULTS: Patients treated by transfemoral TAVI at our center (n = 1822) were classified as 1) 'HF with preserved ejection fraction (EF)' (HFpEF, EF ≥50%), 2) 'HF with mid-range EF' (HFmrEF, EF 40-49%), or 3) 'HF with reduced EF' (HFrEF, EF <40%). Patients with SVI >35 ml/m2 served as controls. The prevalence of cardiovascular disease and symptoms increased stepwise from controls (n = 968) to patients with HFpEF (n = 591), HFmrEF (n = 97), and HFrEF (n = 166). Mortality tended to be highest in HFrEF patients 30 days post-procedure, and it became significant after one year: 10.2% (controls), 13.5% (HFpEF), 13.4% (HFmrEF), and 23.5% (HFrEF). However, symptomatic improvement in survivors of all groups was achieved in the majority of patients without differences among groups. CONCLUSIONS: Patients with AS and HF benefit from TAVI with respect to symptom alleviation. TAVI in patients with HFpEF and HFmrEF led to an identical, favorable post-procedural prognosis that was significantly better than that of patients with HFrEF, which remains a high-risk population.

17.
EuroIntervention ; 2019 Nov 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31746743

RESUMO

AIMS: Treatment of in-stent restenosis of coronary stents is challenging. The use of drug-coated balloons (DCB) is a promising technique to treat in-stent restenosis without adding another metal layer. METHODS AND RESULTS: AGENT ISR is a multicentre, randomised, open-label, non-inferiority study comparing the Agent and SeQuent Please DCB. A total of 125 patients (mean age ~68 years, 18% female) with in-stent restenosis of a previously treated lesion <28 mm in length were randomised at 11 sites in Europe to Agent (n=65) or SeQuent Please (n=60). The primary endpoint, 6-month in-stent late lumen loss, in the Agent group (0.397±0.43 mm [n=51]) was non-inferior to that of the SeQuent Please group (0.393±0.536 mm [n=49]), as the two-sided upper 95% confidence boundary for the difference between groups was less than the pre-specified non-inferiority margin of 0.20 (difference, 0.004, 95% CI [-0.189, 0.196]; pnon-inferiority=0.046). At 1 year, mortality was 3.1% in Agent and 1.7% in SeQuent Please patients (P>0.99), target lesion revascularisation 7.7% vs. 10.0% (P=0.89), and stent thrombosis 0% vs. 3.3% (P=0.44). Similar improvements in quality of life were seen in the two groups. CONCLUSIONS: In this head-to-head comparison of two DCB, Agent proved to be non-inferior to SeQuent Please for in-stent late lumen loss at 6 months.

18.
Biomolecules ; 9(11)2019 Oct 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31671920

RESUMO

Extracellular vesicles are released by numerous cell types of the human body under physiological but also under pathophysiological conditions. They are important for cell-cell communication and carry specific signatures of peptides and RNAs. In this study, we aimed to determine whether extracellular vesicles isolated from patients with pulmonary hypertension show a disease specific signature of small non-coding RNAs and thus have the potential to serve as diagnostic and prognostic biomarkers. Extracellular vesicles were isolated from the serum of 23 patients with chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH) and 23 controls using two individual methods: a column-based method or by precipitation. Extracellular vesicle- associated RNAs were analyzed by next-generation sequencing applying molecular barcoding, and differentially expressed small non-coding RNAs were validated by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR). We identified 18 microRNAs and 21 P-element induced wimpy testis (PIWI)-interacting RNAs (piRNAs) or piRNA clusters that were differentially expressed in CTEPH patients compared with controls. Bioinformatic analysis predicted a contribution of these piRNAs to the progression of cardiac and vascular remodeling. Expression levels of DQ593039 correlated with clinically meaningful parameters such as mean pulmonary arterial pressure, pulmonary vascular resistance, right ventricular systolic pressure, and levels of N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide. Thus, we identified the extracellular vesicle- derived piRNA, DQ593039, as a potential biomarker for pulmonary hypertension and right heart disease.

19.
Clin Res Cardiol ; 2019 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31573055

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Within the last years TAVI-especially transfemoral/transvascular TAVI-has proven to be a valuable therapeutic option for most patients suffering from AS. Here, we present the outcome of a complete dataset of all patients undergoing aortic valve replacement in Germany in 2018. METHODS: The data of all aortic valve procedures performed in Germany in 2018 derive from the mandatory nationwide quality control program. Patients were stratified with a new version of the German Aortic valve score (AKL Score) divided in different risk stratification depending on the treatment with either a catheter based (TV-TAVI) or surgical (iSAVR) approach. In-hospital outcomes have been compared between the two approaches. RESULTS: 19,317 transvascular (TV)-TAVI procedures were carried out. In contrast to this steady growth, the number of iSAVR andtransapical (TA) -TAVI procedures declined. In-hospital mortality after TV-TAVI (2.5%) was lower when compared to iSAVR (3.1%) as well as TA-TAVI (5.7%) in-hospital mortality after TV-TAVI was significantly lowest (Fig. 2) with an in-hospital mortality rate of 2.5%. TV-TAVI was the only approach with an observed vs. expected mortality ratio < 1 according to the used risk prediction model. CONCLUSION: TV-TAVI is more often performed and shows lower in-hospital mortality than iSAVR. TV-TAVI has replaced iSAVR as the gold-standard concerning in-hospital outcome in aortic stenosis management.

20.
Herz ; 2019 Sep 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31485776

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Fractional flow reserve (FFR) guided percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) has been validated in patients with stable coronary artery disease (CAD) but has not yet been verified under specific conditions such as heart failure or microvascular dysfunction. The aim of the present study was to examine the influence of specific patient comorbidities on FFR values and thus the frequency of PCI in patients with intermediate coronary stenosis. METHODS: A total of 652 patients with CAD and intermediate coronary stenosis who were assessed for FFR were included in this retrospective study. In a subgroup analysis, specific comorbidities such as heart failure with non-ST-segment-elevated acute coronary syndrome (NSTE-ACS), heart failure, diabetes mellitus, atrial fibrillation (AF), and left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) were considered. RESULTS: In all lesions with an FFR ≤ 0.80 (n = 227/808, 28.1%), PCI was performed using drug-eluting stents. Pathological FFR values (FFR ≤ 0.80) before PCI were most frequently observed in the left anterior descending artery (LAD; n = 168/418, 39.9%) followed by the right coronary artery (RCA; n = 37/178, 20.7%) and the left circumflex artery (LCX; 22/223, 9.8%). The comorbidities NSTE-ACS (p = 0.28), heart failure with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF; p = 0.63), heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF; p = 0.3719), diabetes mellitus (p = 0.177), or LVH (p = 0.407) had no major impact on the occurrence of pathological FFR values; there was also no association between FFR and the occurrence of lesions in the different target vessels. CONCLUSION: The occurrence of pathological FFR values, most frequently documented in the LAD, was the same in patients with or without HFrEF, HFpEF, diabetes mellitus, AF, and LVH, demonstrating that these comorbidities did not influence FFR values and, thus, the indication for PCI.

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