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1.
Z Psychosom Med Psychother ; 65(3): 288-303, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31476999

RESUMO

Is the influence of religiousness on fearful, depressive and somatic symptoms and psychic traumatization overestimated? A representative cross-sectional study Objectives: The aim of this study is to prove if religious faith, spirituality and religious praxis are joined with lower depression, anxiety and physical pain-level and if subjects with traumatic experiences report more spirituality. Methods: In this consecutive study, 2508 adults of a representative sample in Germany were interviewed about religious faith and spirituality in relation to depression, anxiety, physical disorders as well as traumatic experiences. Results: Unlike our hypotheses people who are charged with mental (PHQ-4; Löwe et al. 2010) or physical disorders (GBB_8; Kliem et al. 2017) report more spirituality and more private religious/spiritual praxis than people without mental or physical problems. As expected people with traumatic experiences in their childhood (CTS; Grabe et al. 2012) describe significantly more spirituality than people without these experiences. Conclusions: Other than expected people with more mental or physical disorders report more spirituality and more private religious/spiritual praxis. It is to discuss if spirituality is less a protective factor for mental or physical disorders than disorders activate to look for spirituality and private religious/spiritual praxis.


Assuntos
Ansiedade/psicologia , Depressão/psicologia , Medo/psicologia , Sintomas Inexplicáveis , Trauma Psicológico/psicologia , Religião e Psicologia , Espiritualidade , Adulto , Ansiedade/epidemiologia , Criança , Estudos Transversais , Depressão/epidemiologia , Alemanha/epidemiologia , Humanos , Entrevistas como Assunto , Trauma Psicológico/epidemiologia
2.
Artigo em Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31013524

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The aim of the present study was to show the development of the revised and shortened German version (6 items) of the "Systems of Belief Inventory" (SBI-6R-D) as well as to examine its psychometric properties. METHODS: In a representative German sample the questionnaire has been given to 2513 subjects. A confirmatory factor analysis has been made to prove the original American factor structure. Measurement invariance was tested using multigroup analysis. Correlations were used to determine convergent and discriminant validity towards other items. RESULTS: The SBI-6R-D showed good item and scale characteristics as well as good model fit. In difference to the work of Albani et al. (SBI-15R-D), the 2 factorial structure of the original American questionnaire could be replicated. Scalar invariance could be shown for gender and age, metric invariance for denomination and federal state. DISCUSSION: Due to the good psychometric properties of the questionnaire it should be further analyzed in future research with other validated religious instruments. CONCLUSIONS: The new German short version, the SBI-6R-D, is an economic, reliable and valid questionnaire to measure spiritual and religious attitudes.

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