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1.
Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 55(2): 219-225, 2021 Feb 06.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34645183

RESUMO

Objective: To evaluate the performance and application of a fast nucleic acid detection system for testing severe acute respiratory syndrome virus 2 (SARS-COV-2). Methods: Clinical samples were collected from February to July 2020 from Beijing Center for Diseases Prevention and Control and the Laboratory Department of China-Japan Friendship Hospital, to evaluate the sensitivity, specificity, anti-interference ability, precision and clinical sample coincidence rate of fast nucleic acid detection system for SARS-CoV-2. The analytical sensitivity was determined by a dilution series of 20 replications for each concentration. Analytical specificity study was performed by testing organisms whose infection produces symptoms similar to those observed at the onset of corona virus disease 2019 (COVID-19), and of the normal or pathogenic microflora that may be present in specimens collected. Potential interference substances were evaluated with different concentration in the interference study. Precision study was conducted by estimating intra-and inter-batch variability. Clinical evaluation was performed by testing 230 oropharyngeal swab specimens and 95 sputum specimens in fast nucleic acid detection system, comparing with conventional real-time fluorescent quantitative PCR (RT-qPCR) and clinical diagnostic results. Results: The analytical sensitivity of SARS-CoV-2 using fast nucleic acid detection system was 400 copies/ml. The result is negative for testing with the organisms that may likely in the circulating area or causing similar symptoms with SARS-CoV-2 and human nucleic acid, indicating that no cross reactivity with organisms. The results of precision test showed that the Coefficient of variation of Ct value of high, medium and low concentration samples was 1.90%-3.92%, and all of them were less than 5% in intra-and inter-batch testing. The results of the samples were still positive after adding the potential interfering substances, indicating that the possible interfering substances in the samples had no effect on the results. 98.46% and 97.85% diagnosis results of fast nucleic acid detection system were consistent with RT-qPCR and clinical diagnostic results, respectively. Conclusion: The fast nucleic acid detection system based on molecular parallel reaction can be used as a selection method for SARS-CoV-2 testing.

2.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34488266

RESUMO

Objective: To evaluate the changes of right ventricular function in patients with pneumoconiosis in different stages using three-dimensional speckle-tracking imaging (3D-STI) . Methods: In June 2020, 114 pneumoconiosis patients were selected as subjects, including 45 patients in stage Ⅰ pneumoconiosis group, 36 patients in stage Ⅱ pneumoconiosis group and 33 patients in stage Ⅲ pneumoconiosis group. Fifty healthy subjects were enrolled and served as control group. The longitudinal strain (LS) , radial strain (RS) and circumferential strain (CS) of free wall middle and basal segment of right ventricular were collected and compared. The right ventricular global longitudinal strain (GLS) , right ventricular global circumferential strain (GCS) , right ventricular ejection fraction (RVEF) , right ventricular global radial strain (GRS) , the rate of fractional area change (FAC) , the tricuspid valve systolic peak velocity (TVSPV) and the pulmonary artery systolic pressure (PASP) of each subject in the groups were collected and compared by 3D-STI. Results: The LS and RS of the right ventricular basal segment of patients in stage Ⅱ pneumoconiosis group were significantly lower than those of control group (P<0.0125) . The LS, CS, RS of the right ventricular basal segment and RS of right ventricular middle segment of patients in stage Ⅲ pneumoconiosis group were significantly lower than those of control group (P<0.0125) . The LS, CS and RS of the right ventricular basal segment of patients in stage Ⅰ pneumoconiosis group were significantly higher than those of stage Ⅲ pneumoconiosis group (P<0.0125) , and the RS of the right ventricular basal segment of patients in stage Ⅱ pneumoconiosis group was significantly higher than that of stage Ⅲ pneumoconiosis group (P<0.0125) . The levels of RVEF and GLS of patients in stage Ⅱ and stage Ⅲ pneumoconiosis group were significantly lower than those of control group (P<0.0125) , while the levels of PASP were significantly higher than that of control group (P<0.0125) . The levels of FAC and TVSPV of patients in stage Ⅲ pneumoconiosis group were significantly lower than those of control group (P<0.0125) . The levels of RVEF, GLS and FAC of patients in stage Ⅰ pneumoconiosis group were significantly higher those that of stage Ⅲ pneumoconiosis group (P<0.0125) , and the PASP level was significantly lower than that of stage Ⅲ pneumoconiosis group (P<0.0125) . The FAC level of patients in stage Ⅱ pneumoconiosis group was significantly higher than that of stage Ⅲ pneumoconiosis group (P<0.0125) . Conclusion: Patients with pneumoconiosis could experience a decline in right ventricular function at an early stage. The 3D-STI can accurately detect the GLS, GRS, GCS and hemodynamic changes of the right ventricular and evaluate the right ventricular function comprehensively and objectively. 3D-STI is of great significance for the early detection of right ventricular dysfunction in patients with pneumoconiosis.


Assuntos
Pneumoconiose , Disfunção Ventricular Direita , Humanos , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Volume Sistólico , Sístole , Disfunção Ventricular Direita/diagnóstico por imagem , Função Ventricular Direita
3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34501859

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Continuously rising performances in elite adolescent athletes requires increasing training loads. This training overload without professional monitoring, could lead to overtraining in these adolescents. METHODS: 31 elite adolescent athletes (boys: n = 19, 16 yrs; girls: n = 12, 15 yrs) participated in a field-test which contained a unified warm-up and a 200 m maximal freestyle swimming test. Saliva samples for testosterone (T) in boys, estradiol (E) in girls and cortisol (C) in both genders were collected pre-, post- and 30 min post-exercise. Lactate levels were obtained pre- and post-exercise. Brunel Mood Scale, Perceived Stress Scale and psychosomatic symptoms questionnaires were filled out post-exercise. RESULTS: Lactate levels differed between genders (boys: pre: 1.01 ± 0.26; post: 8.19 ± 3.24; girls: pre: 0.74 ± 0.23; post: 5.83 ± 2.48 mmol/L). C levels increased significantly in boys: pre- vs. post- (p = 0.009), pre- vs. 30 min post-exercise (p = 0.003). The T level (p = 0.0164) and T/C ratio (p = 0.0004) decreased after field test which draws attention to the possibility of overtraining. Maximal and resting heart rates did not differ between genders; however, heart rate recovery did (boys: 29.22 ± 7.4; girls: 40.58 ± 14.50 beats/min; p = 0.008). CONCLUSIONS: Our models can be used to explain the hormonal ratio changes (37.5-89.8%). Based on the results this method can induce hormonal response in elite adolescent athletes and can be used to notice irregularities with repeated measurements.

4.
Nan Fang Yi Ke Da Xue Xue Bao ; 41(8): 1270-1276, 2021 Aug 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34549721

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To detect the changes in the number and phenotype of tumor infiltrating immune cells in rectal cancer tissues before and after neoadjuvant concurrent chemoradiotherapy (CRT) and analyze their correlation with the clinicopathological parameters of the patients. METHODS: The protein expressions of CD3, CD4, CD8, CD56 and Foxp3 in biopsy specimens and postoperative pathological specimens collected from 20 rectal cancer patients before and after neoadjuvant CRT were detected using ElivisionTM Plus immunohistochemistry, and the results were statistically analyzed. RESULTS: Compared with the measurements before the therapy, neoadjuvant CRT resulted in significant increments in CD3 (21.8% vs 48.8%, P < 0.001), CD4(16.5% vs 42.2%, P < 0.001), CD8(8.3% vs 33.4%, P < 0.001)and CD56(0 vs 7.6%, P=0.012), obvious reduction in Foxp3 expression(26.0% vs 15.3%, P=0.005), but no significant changes in CD4/CD8 ratio of(2.7 vs 5.1).Multivariate analysis showed that the increase of CD3-positive cells(HR=0.16, P=0.028)and CD8-positive cells(HR=0.03, P=0.001)was positively correlated with the disease-free survival of the patients after the operation. CONCLUSION: Neoadjuvant CRT can significantly increase the proportions of infiltrating immune cells positive for CD3, CD4, CD8 and CD56 and decrease the proportion of Treg lymphocytes in the tumor tissues in patients with rectal cancer.The patients with increased CD3-and CD8-positive T lymphocytes may have longer disease-free survival after the surgery.


Assuntos
Terapia Neoadjuvante , Neoplasias Retais , Linfócitos T CD8-Positivos , Quimiorradioterapia , Humanos , Linfócitos do Interstício Tumoral , Prognóstico , Neoplasias Retais/tratamento farmacológico , Microambiente Tumoral
5.
Zhonghua Zhong Liu Za Zhi ; 43(8): 889-896, 2021 Aug 23.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34407597

RESUMO

Objective: To analyze the survival benefits and treatment related toxic effects of simultaneous integrated boost intensity-modulated radiotherapy (SIB-RT) for non-operative esophageal squamous cell carcinoma patients. Methods: The data of 2 132 ESCC patients who were not suitable for surgery or rejected operation, and underwent radical radiotherapy from 2002 to 2016 in 10 hospitals of Jing-Jin-Ji Esophageal and Esophagogastric Cancer Radiotherapy Oncology Group (3JECROG) were analyzed. Among them, 518 (24.3%) cases underwent SIB (SIB group) and 1 614 (75.7%) cases did not receive SIB (No-SIB group). The two groups were matched with 1∶2 according to propensity score matching (PSM) method (caliper value=0.02). After PSM, 515 patients in SIB group and 977 patients in No-SIB group were enrolled. Prognosis and treatment related adverse effects of these two groups were compared and the independent prognostic factor were analyzed. Results: The median follow-up time was 61.7 months. Prior to PSM, the 1-, 3-, and 5-years overall survival (OS) rates of SIB group were 72.2%, 42.8%, 35.5%, while of No-SIB group were 74.3%, 41.4%, 31.9%, respectively (P=0.549). After PSM, the 1-, 3-, and 5-years OS rates of the two groups were 72.5%, 43.4%, 36.4% and 75.3%, 41.7%, 31.6%, respectively (P=0.690). The univariate survival analysis of samples after PSM showed that the lesion location, length, T stage, N stage, TNM stage, simultaneous chemoradiotherapy, gross tumor volume (GTV) and underwent SIB-RT or not were significantly associated with the prognosis of advanced esophageal carcinoma patients who underwent radical radiotherapy (P<0.05). Cox model multivariate regression analysis showed lesion location, TNM stage, GTV and simultaneous chemoradiotherapy were independent prognostic factors of advanced esophageal carcinoma patients who underwent radical radiotherapy (P<0.05). Stratified analysis showed that, in the patients whose GTV volume≤50 cm(3), the median survival time of SIB and No-SIB group was 34.7 and 30.3 months (P=0.155), respectively. In the patients whose GTV volume>50 cm(3), the median survival time of SIB and No-SIB group was 16.1 and 20.1 months (P=0.218). The incidence of radiation esophagitis and radiation pneumonitis above Grade 3 in SIB group were 4.3% and 2.5%, significantly lower than 13.1% and 11% of No-SIB group (P<0.001). Conclusions: The survival benefit of SIB-RT in patients with locally advanced esophageal carcinoma is not inferior to non-SIB-RT, but without more adverse reactions, and shortens the treatment time. SIB-RT can be used as one option of the radical radiotherapy for locally advanced esophageal cancer.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Esofágicas , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas do Esôfago , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço , Radioterapia de Intensidade Modulada , Neoplasias Gástricas , Quimiorradioterapia , Análise de Dados , Neoplasias Esofágicas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Esofágicas/radioterapia , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas do Esôfago/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos
7.
J Neuromuscul Dis ; 8(5): 769-784, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34120912

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Edasalonexent (CAT-1004) is an orally-administered novel small molecule drug designed to inhibit NF-κB and potentially reduce inflammation and fibrosis to improve muscle function and thereby slow disease progression and muscle decline in Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD). OBJECTIVE: This international, randomized 2 : 1, placebo-controlled, phase 3 study in patients ≥4 - < 8 years old with DMD due to any dystrophin mutation examined the effect of edasalonexent (100 mg/kg/day) compared to placebo over 52 weeks. METHODS: Endpoints were changes in the North Star Ambulatory Assessment (NSAA; primary) and timed function tests (TFTs; secondary). Assessment of health-related function used the Pediatric Outcomes Data Collection tool (PODCI). RESULTS: One hundred thirty one patients received edasalonexent (n = 88) and placebo (n = 43). At week 52, differences between edasalonexent and placebo for NSAA total score and TFTs were not statistically significant, although there were consistently less functional declines in the edasalonexent group. A pre-specified analysis by age demonstrated that younger patients (≤6.0 years) showed more robust and statistically significant differences between edasalonexent and placebo for some assessments. Treatment was well-tolerated and the majority of adverse events were mild, and most commonly involved the gastrointestinal system (primarily diarrhea). CONCLUSIONS: Edasalonexent was generally well-tolerated with a manageable safety profile at the dose of 100 mg/kg/day. Although edasalonexent did not achieve statistical significance for improvement in primary and secondary functional endpoints for assessment of DMD, subgroup analysis suggested that edasalonexent may slow disease progression if initiated before 6 years of age. (NCT03703882).

8.
Br J Dermatol ; 2021 Jun 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34105767

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Psoriasis is a chronic disease requiring long-term therapy. OBJECTIVES: Physician- and patient-reported outcomes were evaluated through week 252 in VOYAGE 1 and VOYAGE 2. METHODS: In total, 1829 patients were randomized at baseline to receive guselkumab 100 mg every 8 weeks, placebo or adalimumab. Patients receiving placebo crossed over to guselkumab at week 16. Patients receiving adalimumab crossed over to guselkumab at week 52 in VOYAGE 1, and randomized withdrawal and retreatment occurred at weeks 28-76 in VOYAGE 2; all patients then received open-label guselkumab through week 252. Efficacy and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) endpoints were analysed through week 252. Safety was monitored through week 264. RESULTS: The proportions of patients in the guselkumab group who achieved clinical responses at week 252 in VOYAGE 1 and VOYAGE 2, respectively, were 84·1% and 82·0% [≥ 90% improvement in Psoriasis Area and Severity Index (PASI)]; 82·4% and 85·0% [Investigator's Global Assessment (IGA) 0 or 1]; 52·7% and 53·0% (100% improvement in PASI) and 54·7% and 55·5% (IGA 0). HRQoL endpoints were achieved as follows: 72·7% and 71·1% of patients (Dermatology Life Quality Index 0 or 1: no effect on patient's life); 42·4% and 42·0% [Psoriasis Symptoms and Signs Diary (PSSD) symptom score = 0] and 33·0% and 31·0% (PSSD sign score = 0). As measured in VOYAGE 2 only, approximately 45% of patients achieved ≥ 5-point reduction in Short Form-36 physical and mental component scores, and 80% reported no anxiety or depression (Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale scores < 8). Similar findings were reported for adalimumab crossovers. These effects were maintained from week 52 in VOYAGE 1 and week 100 in VOYAGE 2. No new safety signals were identified. CONCLUSIONS: Guselkumab maintains high levels of clinical response and improvement in patient-reported outcomes through 5 years in patients with moderate-to-severe psoriasis.

9.
Poult Sci ; 100(7): 101208, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34102480

RESUMO

To explored the difference of goose fatty liver formation induced-by different types of sugar from the intestinal physiology and the gut microflora, an integrated analysis of intestinal physiology and gut microbiota metagenomes was performed using samples collected from the geese including the normal-feeding geese and the overfed geese which were overfed with maize flour or overfeeding dietary supplementation with 10% sugar (glucose, fructose or sucrose, respectively), respectively. The results showed that the foie gras weight of the fructose group and the sucrose group was heavier (P < 0.05) than other groups. Compared with the control group, the ileum weight was significantly higher (P < 0.01), and the cecum weight was significantly lower in the sugar treatment groups (P < 0.001). Compared with the control group, the ratio of villi height to crypt depth in the fructose group was the highest in jejunum (P < 0.05); the trypsin activity of the ileum was higher in the fructose group and the sucrose group (P < 0.05). At the phylum level, Firmicutes, Proteobacteria and Bacteroidetes were the main intestinal flora of geese; and the abundance of Firmicutes in the jejunum was higher in the sugar treatment groups than that of the maize flour group. At the genus level, the abundance of Lactobacillus in the jejunum was higher (P < 0.05) in the sugar treatment groups than that of the maize flour group. In conclusion, forced-feeding diet supplementation with sugar induced stronger digestion and absorption capacity, increased the abundance of Firmicutes and Bacteroidetes and the abundance of Lactobacillus (especially fructose and sucrose) in the gut. So, the fructose and sucrose had higher induction on hepatic steatosis in goose fatty liver formation.


Assuntos
Fígado Gorduroso , Microbioma Gastrointestinal , Animais , Galinhas , Fígado Gorduroso/veterinária , Gansos , Açúcares
10.
Zhonghua Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 59(6): 491-496, 2021 Jun 01.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34102733

RESUMO

Objectives: To study the risk factors for massive intraoperative blood loss in children with biliary atresia who underwent liver transplantation for the first time,and to analyze their impacts on graft survival,hospital stay and postoperative complications. Methods: The data of 613 children with biliary atresia who underwent liver transplantation at Department of Pediatric Organ Transplantation,Tianjin First Central Hospital from January 2015 to December 2018 were collected and analyzed. There were 270 males and 343 females, aged 7.4 (3.9) months (range: 3.2 to 148.4 months), the body weight of the recipients were (7.8±3.5) kg (range: 4.0 to 43.3 kg).According to the 85th quad of estimated blood loss(EBL),they were divided into two groups:massive EBL group(96 cases) and non massive EBL group(517 cases). The age,height,weight and other factors between the two groups were analyzed and compared. Univariate Logistic regression and multiple stepwise regression were used to determine the risk factors of massive EBL. Then,the postoperative complications of the two groups,including portal vein thrombosis and portal vein anastomotic stenosis etc.,were analyzed and compared by chi square test. Kaplan Meier curve and log rank test were used to analyze the recipient and graft survival rate of the two groups. Results: During the study period,713 transplants were performed and 613 patients were enrolled in the study. Ninety-six patients(15.7%) had massive EBL,and the postoperative hospital stay was 21(16) days(range:2 to 116 days),the hospital stay of non-massive EBL group was 22(12)days(range:3 to 138 days)(U=24 224.0,P=0.32). Univariate Logistic regression analysis showed that the recipient's weight,Kasai portoenterostomy,platelet count,operation time and cold ischemia time were the risk factors of massive EBL during biliary atresia transplantation. Multiple regression analysis showed that cold ischemia time ≥10 hours,prolonged operation time(≥8 hours) and body weight<5.5 kg were important independent risk factors for massive EBL.The incidence of portal vein thrombosis,hepatic vein stenosis,intestinal leakage and pulmonary infection in patients with massive EBL were significantly higher than those without massive EBL(3.1% vs. 0.8%,9.4% vs. 2.1%,6.3% vs. 0.8%,30.2% vs. 20.1%,all P<0.05). The 3-year overall graft and recipient survival rate were significantly lower in patients with massive EBL than those without massive EBL(87.5% vs. 95.7%,P=0.001;84.4% vs. 95.4%,P<0.01,respectively). Conclusions: In children with biliary atresia who underwent liver transplantation for the first time,the effective control of intraoperative bleeding should shorten the operation time and reduce the cold ischemia time as far as possible,on the premise of ensuring the safety of operation. For children without growth disorder,the weight of children should be increased to more than 5.5 kg as far as possible to receive the operation. Reducing intraoperative bleeding is of great significance to the prognosis of children.


Assuntos
Atresia Biliar , Transplante de Fígado , Atresia Biliar/cirurgia , Criança , Feminino , Sobrevivência de Enxerto , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco
11.
Clin Transl Oncol ; 2021 Jun 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34142340

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Prostate cancer (PCa) is one of the most diagnosed cancers in men worldwide. Several studies have identified that circular RNAs (circRNAs) have a crucial impact on the biological processes in PCa. Therefore, it is necessary to study the molecular mechanism of circRNAs in tumor progression and metastasis. METHODS: RNA interference was used to decrease circHIPK3 and MTDH expression. Overexpression vector was used to increase circHIPK3 and MTDH expression. Luciferase reporter assay were used to detect the relationship between circHIPK3 and miR-448 or between miR-448 and MTDH. MTT assay, colony formation assay and transwell assay were used to measure proliferation and migration of PCa cells. RESULTS: Circular RNA circHIPK3 was significantly increased in PCa tissues and cell lines. And overexpression of circHIPK3 promoted the migration, proliferation, and invasion of PC-3 and 22Rv1 cells, while knockdown of circHIPK3 markedly repressed the above-mentioned series of biological processes. Furthermore, circHIPK3 promoted metadherin (MTDH) expression by sponging miR-448. In vivo experiments, it was also found that overexpression of circHIPK3 significantly promoted tumor growth. CONCLUSIONS: Our research shows that circHIPK3 plays a carcinogenic effect in PCa by regulating the miR-448/MTDH axis, indicating that circHIPK3 may be a potential therapeutic target for PCa.

12.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 25(9): 3395, 2021 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34002804

RESUMO

The article "Circular RNA hsa_circ_0017247 acts as an oncogene in bladder cancer by inducing Wnt/ß-catenin signaling pathway, by C.-T. Han, Q.-Y. Bao, S.-J. Cheng, M. Liu, H.-N. Qian, D. Li, published in Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci 2020; 24 (3): 1081-1087-DOI: 10.26355/eurrev_202002_20158-PMID: 32096177" has been withdrawn from the authors since they decided to perform further experiments. The Publisher apologizes for any inconvenience this may cause. https://www.europeanreview.org/article/20158.

13.
Zhonghua Gan Zang Bing Za Zhi ; 29(4): 293-296, 2021 Apr 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33979951

RESUMO

Patients with chronic hepatitis B (CHB) who cannot receive effective antiviral therapy timely will eventually develop liver cirrhosis and/or hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Therefore, receiving nucleos(t)ide analogues (NAs) therapy can effectively inhibit hepatitis B virus (HBV) replication, improve liver tissue inflammation and fibrosis, prevent or delay the disease progression, and greatly reduce the occurrence of HBV-related HCC. However, it is often found in clinical practice that some patients treated with long-term NAs therapy can still develop HCC despite the effective inhibition of HBV replication. This phenomenon has attracted widespread concern and discussion. In this article, we focus on whether NAs can significantly reduce the occurrence of HCC while effectively inhibiting HBV replication, or HCC can still occur. Additionally, discuss the possible causes of HCC after NAs therapy, including the types of drugs, treatment timing, incomplete response, etc., in order to help clinicians implement antiviral treatment more accurately, and further reduce HBV-related HCC.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular , Hepatite B Crônica , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Antivirais/uso terapêutico , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/tratamento farmacológico , Consenso , Vírus da Hepatite B , Hepatite B Crônica/complicações , Hepatite B Crônica/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Hepáticas/etiologia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/prevenção & controle
14.
Front Immunol ; 12: 594270, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33868224

RESUMO

Objectives: The mortality rate of sepsis remains very high. Metabolomic techniques are playing increasingly important roles in diagnosis and treatment in critical care medicine. The purpose of our research was to use untargeted metabolomics to identify and analyze the common differential metabolites among patients with sepsis with differences in their 7-day prognosis and blood PD-1 expression and analyze their correlations with environmental factors. Methods: Plasma samples from 18 patients with sepsis were analyzed by untargeted LC-MS metabolomics. Based on the 7-day prognoses of the sepsis patients or their levels of PD-1 expression on the surface of CD4+ T cells in the blood, we divided the patients into two groups. We used a combination of multidimensional and monodimensional methods for statistical analysis. At the same time, the Spearman correlation analysis method was used to analyze the correlation between the differential metabolites and inflammatory factors. Results: In the positive and negative ionization modes, 16 and 8 differential metabolites were obtained between the 7-day death and survival groups, respectively; 5 and 8 differential metabolites were obtained between the high PD-1 and low PD-1 groups, respectively. We identified three common differential metabolites from the two groups, namely, PC (P-18:0/14:0), 2-ethyl-2-hydroxybutyric acid and glyceraldehyde. Then, we analyzed the correlations between environmental factors and the common differences in metabolites. Among the identified metabolites, 2-ethyl-2-hydroxybutyric acid was positively correlated with the levels of IL-2 and lactic acid (Lac) (P < 0.01 and P < 0.05, respectively). Conclusions: These three metabolites were identified as common differential metabolites between the 7-day prognosis groups and the PD-1 expression level groups of sepsis patients. They may be involved in regulating the expression of PD-1 on the surface of CD4+ T cells through the action of related environmental factors such as IL-2 or Lac, which in turn affects the 7-day prognosis of sepsis patients.


Assuntos
Metaboloma , Metabolômica , Receptor de Morte Celular Programada 1/metabolismo , Sepse/metabolismo , Sepse/mortalidade , Adulto , Idoso , Biomarcadores , Feminino , Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Masculino , Metabolômica/métodos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Receptor de Morte Celular Programada 1/genética , Curva ROC , Sepse/diagnóstico , Sepse/etiologia , Subpopulações de Linfócitos T/imunologia , Subpopulações de Linfócitos T/metabolismo
15.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 25(6): 2685-2695, 2021 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33829455

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Although previous research has reported beneficial effects of statins on infectious diseases, these have yet to be concluded. Therefore, we conducted an umbrella review to provide a comprehensive understanding of the strength of evidence and validity of claimed associations between statins (hydroxymethyl glutaryl-CoA reductase inhibitors) and infectious diseases. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We conducted an umbrella review and re-analyzed data from meta-analyses of randomized controlled trials and observational studies on associations between statin use and different infectious diseases such as bacteremia/sepsis and pneumonia. We also evaluated the level of evidence for each re-analyzed outcome based on the criteria using p-values of random and fixed-effects, 95% prediction intervals, small-study effects, between-study heterogeneity, and concordance between the effect estimate of the largest study and summary estimates of the meta-analysis. Moreover, publication bias was also examined. RESULTS: Through a systematic literature search, we obtained 14 eligible articles including 25 meta-analyses. All 4 meta-analyses on overall infection, 3 out of 14 meta-analyses on bacteremia/sepsis, and 5 out of 7 meta-analyses on pneumonia demonstrated that statin use was associated with reduced mortality due to infections (caused by infections). Nonetheless, most significant results only showed a weak level of evidence, and one study with convincing evidence prior to adjustment also showed weak evidence after adjustment. CONCLUSIONS: The present review identified a protective effect of statins on infection-related mortality, but all available studies had a weak level of evidence. Therefore, further studies with a strong level of evidence are needed, and it is also necessary to investigate the types of statins and to study clinical outcomes other than mortality to gain further insights.

16.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 25(6): 2696-2710, 2021 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33829456

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Although some previous meta-analyses have demonstrated a relationship between statin therapy and all-cause mortality in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD), conflicting results have been reported. Thus, we performed an umbrella review to understand the strength of evidence and validity of the claimed associations between statin use and all cause and cardiovascular mortality in CKD patients, including patients on dialysis (CKD stage 5D) and transplant recipients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We comprehensively re-analyzed the data of 14 meta-analyses of observational studies and randomized controlled trials on associations between statin use and different CKD groups - CKD, CKD stage 5D, and kidney transplant recipients. We also assessed the strength of evidence of the re-analyzed outcomes, which were determined from the criteria, including the statistical significance of the p-value of random-effects, as well as fixed-effects meta-analyses, small-study effects, between-study heterogeneity, and a 95% prediction interval. RESULTS: For CKD patients, statin use showed suggestive evidence for an association with reduced all-cause mortality [relative risk (RR) 0.77, 95% confidence interval (0.69-0.87)]. For kidney transplant recipients, statin use showed suggestive evidence for an association with reduced cardiovascular mortality [RR 0.67, 95% CI (0.50-0.90)]. However, for patients on dialysis, statins showed neither cardiovascular [RR 0.93, 95% CI (0.86-1.01)] nor all-cause mortality [RR 0.98, 95% CI (0.89-1.08)] benefits. CONCLUSIONS: Our finding indicates that statin could improve all-cause and cardiovascular mortality in patients with non-dialysis CKD.

17.
Zhonghua Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 59(5): 353-358, 2021 May 01.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33915625

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the etiology,clinical features and prognosis of pediatric liver retransplantation. Methods: The data of 1 024 cases of pediatric liver transplantation (<18 years old) from January 2014 to December 2019 operated at Tianjin First Central Hospital were collected,retrospectively. Retransplantation was performed in 26 cases,among which 25 cases received secondary liver transplantation and 1 case received a third liver transplantation. There were 13 male and 12 female patients among the 25 patients. The median age was 12.9(20.5) months(range: 5.8 to 134.8 months), the body weight was 8.0(5.6) kg(range: 5.0 to 30.0 kg) at the time of retransplantation. The pediatric end-stage liver disease(PELD) score was 17.0(21.3) (range: 0 to 45) before retransplantation. The etiology of retransplantation was biliary complications in 7 cases,primary nonfunction of liver graft in 5 cases,antibody-mediated rejection in 4 cases,hepatic artery thrombosis in 3 cases,portal vein thrombosis in 3 cases,concomitant hepatic artery and portal vein thrombosis in 2 cases,thrombogenesis of inferior Vena Cava in 1 case and sinusoidal obstruction syndrome in 1 case. The patients were divided into two groups according to the time interval(30 days) between two liver transplantations,8 patients were classified into early-retransplantation(≤30 days) group and 18 patients were classified into late-retransplantation (>30 days) group. The etiology of liver retransplantation,pre-transplant score,time interval between two transplantations,surgical aspects,major complications and survival rates were compared between the two groups. Continuous variables with normal distribution were compared with t test,while Mann-Whitney U test was applied to compare variables without normal distribution. Categorical variables were compared with chi-square test. The survival curves were created by Kaplan-Meier method and compared by Log Rank test. Results: The median follow-up time was 26.8(30.2) months(range: 1 day to 85.7 months), and the incidence of retransplantation was 1.9%. In the early-retransplantation group,the duration of surgery was (439.8±151.0)minutes,the graft-to-recipient weight ratio was 5.0(1.8)%(range:3.6% to 6.1%),the main cause for retransplantation were primary nonfunction and vascular complications. In the late-retransplantation group,the duration of surgery was (604.4±158.0)minutes,the graft-to-recipient weight ratio was 3.4(2.1)%(range:1.4% to 5.3%),the main cause for retransplantation were biliary complications,antibody mediated rejection and vascular complications.The 3-month,1-year and 2-year recipient survival rates in the early-retransplantation group were all 62.3%,while the recipient survival rates in the late-retransplantation group were 100%,93.8% and 93.8%,respectively. The difference of recipient survival rates was significant between the early-retransplantation group and the late-retransplantation group(P=0.019). The overall 3-month,1-year and 3-year recipient survival rates after the primary liver transplantation were 97.1%,95.4%,94.1%,respectively. Conclusions: The vascular complications,biliary complications,primary nonfunction and antibody-mediated rejection are the main causes of liver retransplantation.The PELD score is higher in patients receiving early retransplantation,while the surgery is relatively more complex in patients receiving late retransplantation,which is reflected by longer duration of surgeries. Patients in the late-retransplantation group showed similar recipient survival rates with primary liver transplantation recipients,and the survival rates are superior to those of patients in the early-retransplantation group. Infection and multiple organ failure are the most common fatal causes after retransplantation.


Assuntos
Doença Hepática Terminal , Adolescente , Criança , Doença Hepática Terminal/cirurgia , Feminino , Sobrevivência de Enxerto , Humanos , Masculino , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Reoperação , Estudos Retrospectivos , Índice de Gravidade de Doença
18.
J Appl Microbiol ; 131(4): 1800-1812, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33754423

RESUMO

AIMS: Acidithiobacillus caldus is an important sulphur-oxidizing bacterium that plays crucial roles in the bioleaching industry. This study aims to analyse the optimal reference gene for real-time quantitative PCR (RT-qPCR) under different conditions and investigate the transcription levels of the sigma factor genes in the stress response. METHODS AND RESULTS: We selected six housekeeping genes and analysed them via RT-qPCR using two energy resources, under four stress conditions. Three statistical approaches BestKeeper, geNorm, and NormFinder were utilized to determine transcription stability of these reference genes. The gapdH gene was the best internal control gene using elemental sulphur as an energy resource and under heat stress, map was the best internal control gene under pH and osmotic stress, era was the best internal control gene for the K2 S4 O6 energy resource, and rpoC was the best internal control gene under Cu2+ stress. Furthermore, the expressional levels of 11 sigma factors were analysed by RT-qPCR in the stress response. CONCLUSIONS: Stable internal control genes for RT-qPCR analysis of A. caldus were determined, and the expression patterns of sigma factor genes of A. caldus were investigated. SIGNIFICANCE AND IMPACT OF THE STUDY: The identification of the optimal reference gene and analysis of transcription levels of sigma factors in A. caldus can provide clues for reference gene selection and the study of sigma factor function.

19.
Zhonghua Shao Shang Za Zhi ; 37(4): 333-339, 2021 Apr 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33745255

RESUMO

Objective: To establish a predictive model for acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) in critical burn patients with the screened independent risk factors, and to validate its predictive value. Methods: Totally 131 critical burn patients (101 males and 30 females, aged 18-84 years) who met the inclusion criteria were admitted to the Department of Burns of the Second Affiliated Hospital of Zhejiang University School of Medicine from January 2018 to December 2019. A retrospective case-control study was conducted. The patients were divided into ARDS group (54 cases) and non-ARDS group (77 cases) according to whether ARDS occurred or not. The statistics of patients in the two groups were recorded including the gender, age, burn index, combination of inhalation injury, smoking history, delayed resuscitation, indwelling nasogastric tube, and complication of sepsis, and the data were statistically analyzed with independent sample t test, chi-square test, and Fisher's exact probability test. The multivariate logistic regression analysis was performed on the indicators with statistically significant differences between the two groups to screen the independent risk factors for developing ARDS in critical burn patients, and the corresponding nomograph prediction model for the risk of ARDS in critical burn patients was established. The risk scores for patients developing ARDS were therefore obtained based on the above-mentioned nomograph, and the corresponding receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was drawn to calculate the area under the curve. The internal validation of the above-mentioned ARDS prediction model was performed using the Bootstrap method, and the area under the ROC curve was calculated for modeling group (79 cases) and validation group (52 cases), respectively. A calibration curve was drawn to assess the predictive conformity of the above-mentioned ARDS prediction model for the occurrence of ARDS in critical burn patients. Results: The burn index, proportion of combination of inhalation injury, and proportion of complication of sepsis of patients were significantly higher in ARDS group than in non-ARDS group (t=0.36, χ2=33.78, 49.92, P<0.01). The gender, age, smoking history, delayed resuscitation, and indwelling nasogastric tube of patients in ARDS group were close to those in non-ARDS group (P>0.05). The multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that the burn index, combination of inhalation injury, and complication of sepsis were the independent risk factors for developing ARDS in critical burn patients (odds ratio=1.05, 15.33, 5.02, 95% confidence interval=1.01-1.10, 2.65-88.42, 1.28-19.71, P<0.05 or P<0.01). The overall area under the ROC curve of the above-mentioned ARDS prediction model was 0.92 (95% confidence interval=0.88-0.97), and the area under the ROC curve was 0.95 and 0.91 (95% confidence interval=0.90-1.00, 0.86-0.97) for validation group and modeling group, respectively. When applying the above-mentioned ARDS prediction model for ARDS incidence prediction, there might be some risk of overestimating ARDS incidence when the prediction probability was <35.0% or >85.0%, and some risk of underestimating ARDS incidence when the prediction probability was 35.0%-85.0%. Conclusions: The burn index, inhalation injury, and sepsis are the independent risk factors for the occurrence of ARDS in critical burn patients. The risk prediction model for ARDS based on these three indicators has good predictive ability for ARDS in critical burn patients.


Assuntos
Queimaduras , Síndrome do Desconforto Respiratório , Queimaduras/complicações , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Prognóstico , Curva ROC , Síndrome do Desconforto Respiratório/epidemiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos
20.
Poult Sci ; 100(3): 100960, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33652539

RESUMO

To have a better understanding of how the "gut-liver axis" mediates the lipid deposition in the liver, a comparison of overfeeding influence on intestine physiology and microbiota between Gang Goose and Tianfu Meat Goose was performed in this study. After force-feeding, compared with Gang Goose, Tianfu Meat Goose had better fat storage capacity in liver (397.94 vs. 166.54 for foie gras weight (g), P < 0.05; 6.37 vs. 2.92% for the ratio of liver to body, P < 0.05; 60.01 vs. 46.64% for fat content, P < 0.05) and the less subcutaneous adipose tissue weight (1240.96 g vs. 1440.46 g, P < 0.05). After force-feeding, the digestion-absorption capacity of Tianfu Meat Goose was higher than that of Gang Goose (5.56 vs. 3.64 and 4.63 vs. 3.68 for the ratio of villus height to crypt depth in duodenum and ileum, respectively, P < 0.05; 1394.96 vs. 782.59 and 1314.76 vs. 766.17 for the invertase activity (U/mg-prot), in duodenum and ileum, respectively, P < 0.05; 6038.36 vs. 3088.29 and 4645.29 vs. 3927.61 for the activity of maltase (U/mg-prot), in duodenum and ileum, respectively, P < 0.05). Force-feeding decreased the gene expression of Escherichia coli in the ileum of Tianfu Meat Goose; force-feeding increased the number of gut microbiota Enterobacterial Repetitive Intergenic Consensus-Polymerase Chain Reaction band in Tianfu Meat Goose and decreased the number in Gang Goose. In conclusion, compared with Gang Goose, the lipid deposition in the liver and the intestine digestion-absorption capacity and stability were higher in Tianfu Meat Goose. Thereby, Tianfu Meat Goose is the better breed for foie gras production for prolonged force-feeding; Gang Goose possesses better fat storage capacity in subcutaneous adipose tissue. However, Gang Goose has lower gut stability responding to force-feeding, so Gang Goose is suited to force-feeding in a short time to gain the body weight and subcutaneous fat as an overfed duck for roast duck.


Assuntos
Métodos de Alimentação , Microbioma Gastrointestinal , Gansos , Intestinos , Animais , Métodos de Alimentação/veterinária , Microbioma Gastrointestinal/fisiologia , Intestinos/microbiologia , Intestinos/fisiologia , Especificidade da Espécie
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