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1.
Thorac Cancer ; 2021 Oct 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34622571

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To investigate the efficacy and safety of apatinib alone or apatinib plus paclitaxel/docetaxel versus paclitaxel/docetaxel in the treatment of advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) through pooling of open published data. METHODS: The electronic databases of Medline (1960-2021.5), Cochrane central register of controlled trials (CENTRAL), EMBASE(1980-2021.5) and Wan fang (1986-2021.5) were systematically searched by two reviewers to identify the relevant clinical trials related to the above subject. The objective response rate (ORR), disease control rate (DCR) and drug relevant adverse reactions were pooled and demonstrated by risk ratio (RR) and 95% confidence interval (95% CI). The statistical heterogeneity across studies was assessed by I-square test. The publication bias was evaluated by Egger's line regression test and demonstrated by Begg's funnel plot. RESULTS: Eleven prospective studies were included in the meta-analysis. The pooled results indicated that the ORR (RR = 1.62, 95% CI: 1.32-2.00, p < 0.05) and DCR (RR = 1.29, 95% CI: 1.18-1.41, p < 0.05) of apatinib alone or apatinib plus paclitaxel/docetaxel was significantly higher than that of the paclitaxel/docetaxel group for advanced NSCLC, respectively. The drug-related adverse reaction was not statistically different between apatinib alone or apatinib plus paclitaxel/docetaxel with regard to the hand-foot syndrome, gastrointestinal reaction, thrombocytopenia, anemia and leukocytopenia (pall > 0.05) except for hypertension (RR = 3.60, 95% CI: 1.26-10.31, p < 0.05). Subgroup analysis also indicated that the hypertension and hand-foot syndrome in apatinib + paclitaxel/docetaxel were higher than that of the paclitaxel/docetaxel group with a statistical difference (p < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Apatinib alone or apatinib plus paclitaxel/docetaxel was superior to paclitaxel/docetaxel for ORR and DCR. However, combined treatment with apatinib appears to increase the risk of a patient developing an adverse reaction, especially hypertension and hand-foot syndrome.

2.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 190: 463-473, 2021 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34506859

RESUMO

Xanthine oxidase (XO) plays a vital role in inducing hyperuricemia and increasing the level of superoxide free radicals in blood, and is proved as an important target for gout. Chrysoeriol (CHE) is a natural flavone with potent XO inhibitory activity (IC50 = 2.487 ± 0.213 µM), however, the mechanism of interaction is still unclear. Therefore, a comprehensive analysis of the interaction between CHE and XO was accomplished by enzyme kinetics, isothermal titration calorimetry (ITC), multi-spectroscopic methods, molecular simulation and ADMET. The results showed that CHE acted as a rapid reversible and competitive-type XO inhibitor and its binding to XO was driven by hydrogen bonding and hydrophobic interaction. Moreover, CHE exhibited a strong fluorescence quenching effect through a static quenching procedure and induced conformational changes of XO. Its binding pattern with XO was revealed by docking study and the binding affinity to XO was enhanced by the interactions with key amino acid residues in the active pocket of XO. Further, CHE showed good stability and pharmacokinetic behavior properties in molecule dynamic simulation and ADMET prediction. Overall, this study shed some light on the mechanism of interaction between CHE and XO, also provided some valuable information concerning the future therapeutic application of CHE as natural XO inhibitor.

3.
FEBS Open Bio ; 11(3): 921-931, 2021 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33455080

RESUMO

Sunitinib (Sun), a tyrosine kinase inhibitor of vascular endothelial growth factor receptor, is the standard first-line treatment against advanced clear cell renal cell carcinoma (RCC), but resistance to therapy is inevitable. Reactive oxygen species production is associated with sensitivity to chemotherapy, but the underlying mechanisms are not completely understood. Here, we investigated the mechanisms contributing to Sun resistance using the RCC cell lines ACHN and 786-O. We report that Sun-resistant cells exhibited reduced apoptosis, increased cell viability, increased reactive oxygen species production and disrupted mitochondrial function. Furthermore, chronic Sun treatment resulted in an up-regulation of Sirt5/isocitrate dehydrogenase 2 (IDH2) expression levels. Knockdown of Sirt5/IDH2 impaired mitochondrial function and partially attenuated Sun resistance. Finally, up-regulation of Sirt5 enhanced the expression of IDH2 via modulation of succinylation at K413 and promoted protein stability. In conclusion, dysregulation of Sirt5/IDH2 partially contributes to Sun resistance in RCC cells by affecting antioxidant capacity.

4.
Prep Biochem Biotechnol ; 51(8): 780-791, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33325778

RESUMO

The ultrasound-assisted aqueous two-phase extraction (UA-ATPE) was first employed to develop an effective technique for simultaneous extraction and preliminary purification of synephrine, naringin, and neohesperidin from Citrus aurantium L. fruitlets. Five types of ethanol/salts of aqueous two-phase system (ATPS) were investigated and then the extraction conditions were further optimized using single-factor experiments and response surface methodology (RSM) via Box-Behnken Design (BBD). The optimum process parameters were concluded as follows: 20.60% (w/w) K2CO3, 27% (w/w) ethanol, solvent-to-material ratio of 45.17:1 (g:g), 120-mesh particle size of fruitlets powder, extraction temperature of 50 °C, extraction time of 30 min, and ultrasonic power of 80 W. Under these conditions, the extraction yields of synephrine, naringin, and neohesperidin were up to 11.17 mg/g, 7.39 mg/g, and 89.27 mg/g, respectively. The yield of neohesperidin extracted by the optimal UA-ATPE was over eight times higher than that extracted by the ultrasound-assisted extraction (UAE) using conventional solvents, and the total yield of target compounds was over twice higher while the impurity content in the extract was much lower. Therefore, UA-ATPE appeared to be a highly effective and promising approach for the extraction of synephrine, naringin, and neohesperidin from C. aurantium fruitlets.


Assuntos
Citrus/química , Flavanonas , Frutas/química , Hesperidina/análogos & derivados , Sinefrina , Ondas Ultrassônicas , Flavanonas/química , Flavanonas/isolamento & purificação , Hesperidina/química , Hesperidina/isolamento & purificação , Sinefrina/química , Sinefrina/isolamento & purificação
5.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 14997, 2020 09 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32929113

RESUMO

Injectable dynamic hydrogels play a key role in cell transplantation to protect the cells from shear stress during injection. However, it still remains challenging to design dynamic hydrogels with fast gelation and high stability for protecting cells under flow due to the slow formation and exchange of most dynamic bonds. Here, a novel dual-crosslinked hydrogel system with fast dynamic crosslinks is developed by using methacrylate chitosan (CHMA) and aldehyde functionalized hyaluronate (oxidized HA, OHA). Based on the cooperation of electrostatic interaction between cationic amino of chitosan and anionic carboxyl of HA and Schiff-based crosslinking through amino and aldehyde groups, the dynamic CHMA-OHA hydrogel shows rapid gelation and high injectability. Further, the CHMA-OHA hydrogel is photopolymerized for achieving a high modulus and stability. Importantly, such hydrogels loaded with stem cells remains a cell viability (~ 92%) after extrusion. These results indicate that the CHMA-OHA hydrogel is a promising tissue engineering biomaterial for therapeutic cell delivery and 3D printing of encapsulated cell scaffolds.


Assuntos
Ácido Hialurônico/química , Hidrogéis/química , Técnicas de Cultura de Tecidos/métodos , Animais , Sobrevivência Celular , Quitosana/química , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/citologia , Metacrilatos/química , Ratos , Reologia , Bases de Schiff/química
6.
Vaccine ; 25(15): 2907-12, 2007 Apr 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-17007970

RESUMO

Classical swine fever virus (CSFV) causes significant losses in pig industry in many countries in Asia and Europe. The E2 glycoprotein of CSFV is the main target for neutralizing antibodies. Recently, the replicon of alphaviruses, such as Semliki Forest virus (SFV), has been developed as replicative expression vectors for gene delivery. In this study, we constructed a plasmid DNA based on SFV replicon encoding the E2 glycoprotein of CSFV and evaluated its efficacy in rabbits and pigs. The results showed that the animals immunized with the DNA vaccine developed CSFV-specific neutralizing antibodies and were protected from virulent or lethal challenge. This demonstrates that the SFV replicon-derived DNA vaccine can be a potential marker vaccine against CSFV infections.


Assuntos
Vírus da Febre Suína Clássica/genética , Peste Suína Clássica/prevenção & controle , Vírus da Floresta de Semliki/genética , Vacinas de DNA/imunologia , Proteínas do Envelope Viral/genética , Proteínas do Envelope Viral/imunologia , Vacinas Virais/imunologia , Animais , Peste Suína Clássica/imunologia , Vírus da Febre Suína Clássica/imunologia , Vetores Genéticos/genética , Coelhos , Replicon/genética , Suínos , Vacinas de DNA/genética , Vacinas de DNA/uso terapêutico , Proteínas do Envelope Viral/biossíntese , Vacinas Virais/genética , Vacinas Virais/uso terapêutico
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