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1.
World J Gastroenterol ; 25(39): 6016-6024, 2019 Oct 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31660037

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Associating liver partition and portal vein ligation for staged hepatectomy (ALPPS) has been adopted by liver surgeons in recent years. However, high morbidity and mortality rates have limited the promotion of this technique. Some recent studies have suggested that ALPPS with a partial split can effectively induce the growth of future liver remnant (FLR) similar to a complete split with better postoperative safety profiles. However, some others have suggested that ALPPS can induce more rapid and adequate FLR growth, but with the same postoperative morbidity and mortality rates as in partial split of the liver parenchyma in ALPPS (p-ALPPS). AIM: To perform a systematic review and meta-analysis on ALPPS and p-ALPPS. METHODS: A systematic literature search of PubMed, Embase, the Cochrane Library, and ClinicalTrials.gov was performed for articles published until June 2019. Studies comparing the outcomes of p-ALPPS and ALPPS for a small FLR in consecutive patients were included. Our main endpoints were the morbidity, mortality, and FLR hypertrophy rates. We performed a subgroup analysis to evaluate patients with and without liver cirrhosis. We assessed pooled data using a random-effects model. RESULTS: Four studies met the inclusion criteria. Four studies reported data on morbidity and mortality, and two studies reported the FLR hypertrophy rate and one study involved patients with cirrhosis. In the non-cirrhotic group, p-ALPPS-treated patients had significantly lower morbidity and mortality rates than ALPPS-treated patients [odds ratio (OR) = 0.2; 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.07-0.57; P = 0.003 and OR = 0.16; 95%CI: 0.03-0.9; P = 0.04]. No significant difference in the FLR hypertrophy rate was observed between the two groups (P > 0.05). The total effects indicated no difference in the FLR hypertrophy rate or perioperative morbidity and mortality rates between the ALPPS and p-ALPPS groups. In contrast, ALPPS seemed to have a better outcome in the cirrhotic group. CONCLUSION: The findings of our study suggest that p-ALPPS is safer than ALPPS in patients without cirrhosis and exhibits the same rate of FLR hypertrophy.

2.
Molecules ; 24(18)2019 Sep 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31540241

RESUMO

Phytochemical investigation of the whole plant of Tradescantia albiflora Kunth led to the isolation and characterization of a butanolide, rosmarinosin B (1), that was isolated from natural sources for the first time, a new butenolide, 5-O-acetyl bracteanolide A (2), and a new apocarotenoid, 2ß-hydroxyisololiolide (11), together with 25 known compounds (compounds 3-10 and 12-28). The structures of the new compounds were elucidated by analysis of their spectroscopic data, including MS, 1D, and 2D NMR experiments, and comparison with literature data of known compounds. Furthermore, four butenolides 4a-4d were synthesized as novel derivatives of bracteanolide A. The isolates and the synthesized derivatives were evaluated for their preliminary anti-inflammatory activity against lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulated nitric oxide (NO) production in RAW 264.7 cells. Among them, the synthesized butenolide derivative n-butyl bracteanolide A (4d) showed enhanced NO inhibitory activity compared to the original compound, with an IC50 value of 4.32 ± 0.09 µg/mL.

3.
Cancer Immunol Immunother ; 68(9): 1527-1535, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31535160

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Evidence for the efficacy of immunotherapy in biliary tract cancer (BTC) is limited and unsatisfactory. METHODS: Chinese BTC patients receiving a PD-1 inhibitor with chemotherapy, PD-1 inhibitor monotherapy or chemotherapy alone were retrospectively analyzed. The primary outcome was overall survival (OS). The key secondary outcomes were progression-free survival (PFS) and safety. Patients previously treated with any agent targeting T cell costimulation or immune checkpoints were excluded. RESULTS: The study included 77 patients (a PD-1 inhibitor plus chemotherapy, n = 38; PD-1 inhibitor monotherapy, n = 20; chemotherapy alone, n = 19). The median OS was 14.9 months with a PD-1 inhibitor plus chemotherapy, significantly longer than the 4.1 months with PD-1 inhibitor monotherapy (HR 0.37, 95% CI 0.17-0.80, P = 0.001) and the 6.0 months with chemotherapy alone (HR 0.63, 95% CI 0.42-0.94, P = 0.011). The median PFS was 5.1 months with a PD-1 inhibitor plus chemotherapy, significantly longer than the 2.2 months with PD-1 inhibitor monotherapy (HR 0.59, 95% CI 0.31-1.10, P = 0.014) and the 2.4 months with chemotherapy alone (HR 0.61, 95% CI 0.45-0.83, P = 0.003). Grade 3 or 4 treatment-related adverse events were similar between the anti-PD-1 combination group and the chemotherapy alone group (34.2% and 36.8%, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: Anti-PD-1 therapy plus chemotherapy is an effective and tolerable approach for advanced BTC.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias do Sistema Biliar/terapia , Imunoterapia/métodos , Idoso , Neoplasias do Sistema Biliar/mortalidade , China , Terapia Combinada , Efeitos Colaterais e Reações Adversas Relacionados a Medicamentos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Receptor de Morte Celular Programada 1/antagonistas & inibidores , Estudos Retrospectivos , Análise de Sobrevida , Resultado do Tratamento
4.
Mol Med Rep ; 20(4): 3095-3102, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31432116

RESUMO

Berberine (BBR) is an isoquinoline alkaloid, reported to have multiple pharmacological functions. However, its effects against CCl4­induced oxidative damage remain poorly studied. Therefore, the present study investigated the protective action of BBR, and its antioxidant mechanisms, against CCl4­induced liver injury in rats. A total of 48 rats were randomly arranged into six groups: Control; model; positive control (PC); BBR low­dose (BL); BBR middle­dose (BM); and BBR high­dose (BH). The BL, BM and BH animals received BBR (5, 10 and 15 mg/kg by weight, respectively) orally for 7 consecutive days. Rats in the PC group were given silymarin (150 mg/kg), and the control and model groups were administered distilled water orally. At the end of the experiment, blood samples and livers were collected. To measure the liver biochemical indices, the reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation and the expression levels of related genes and protein, the following methods were used: An automatic biochemical analyzer; flow cytometry; spectrophotometry; reverse transcription­quantitative PCR; western blotting; and hematoxylin and eosin staining. The results revealed that BBR significantly decreased the serum levels of alanine transaminase, aspartate transaminase and alkaline phosphatase, and increased those of glutathione and superoxide dismutase, but decreased malondialdehyde activity in hepatic tissue, and significantly decreased the reactive oxygen species level in hepatocytes. In hepatic tissue, the expressions of nuclear factor erythroid 2­related factor 2 (Nrf2), kelch­like ECH­associated protein 1 (Keap-1), NAD(P)H quinone dehydrogenase 1 (NQO-1), heme oxygenase 1 (HO­1), Bcl­2 and Bcl­xL mRNA, and HO­1 protein were elevated, and the expression of p53 mRNA was decreased, particularly in the BH group (15 mg/kg). In conclusion, BBR exerts a protective action against CCl4­induced acute liver injury in rats via effectively regulating the expression of Nrf2­Keap1­antioxidant responsive element­related genes and proteins, and inhibiting p53 pathway­mediated hepatocyte apoptosis.

5.
ACS Sens ; 4(9): 2546-2552, 2019 Sep 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31456397

RESUMO

SnSe2 is an anisotropic binary-layered material with rich physics, which could see it used for a variety of potential applications. Here, we investigate the gas-sensing properties of SnSe2 using first-principles calculations and verify predictions using a gas sensor made of few-layer SnSe2 grown by chemical vapor deposition. Theoretical simulations indicate that electrons transfer from SnSe2 to NO2, whereas the direction of charge transfer is the opposite for NH3. Notably, a flat molecular band appears around the Fermi energy after NO2 adsorption and the induced molecular band is close to the conduction band minimum. Moreover, compared with NH3, NO2 molecules adsorbed on SnSe2 have a lower adsorption energy and a higher charge transfer value. The dynamic-sensing responses of SnSe2 sensors confirm the theoretical predictions. The good match between the theoretical prediction and experimental demonstration suggests that the underlying sensing mechanism is related to the charge transfer and induced flat band. Our results provide a guideline for designing high-performance gas sensors based on SnSe2.

6.
Clin Chim Acta ; 497: 163-171, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31374189

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Prognostic role of red blood cell distribution width (RDW) in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) is unclear. Little evidence provides a comprehensive predictive analysis considering both baseline values and longitudinal trajectories of RDW along with mean corpuscular volume (MCV). METHODS: We conducted a comprehensive risk assessment of RDW and MCV in a registry-based cohort of 4621 patients with CKD (age, 20-90 y) receiving multidisciplinary care during 2003 to 2015. Both baseline and longitudinal trajectories of RDW and MCV were modeled as predictors for end-stage renal disease (ESRD) and mortality by using multiple Cox proportional hazards regression models, incorporating time-varying covariates and adjustments for imperative confounding variables. RESULTS: Fully adjusted hazard ratio (HR; 95% CI) of progression to ESRD for each unit increase in RDW and MCV at baseline was 0.97 (0.93-1.02) and 1.00 (0.99-1.01), respectively. Longitudinally, neither RDW nor MCV trajectory was associated with progression to ESRD. For all-cause mortality, fully adjusted HRs (95%CI) were 1.09 (1.04-1.14) for each percent increase in RDW with a linear dose-response relationship and 1.95 (1.47-2.59) for a stable-high RDW trajectory compared with normal RDW trajectory. The effects of RDW on mortality were further augmented in patients with concomitantly high MCV status. Incorporating point-of-care RDW significantly improves the discrimination performance quantified using Harrell C statistics into the existing CKD mortality predictive equation (from 0.770 to 0.784, P = .018). CONCLUSIONS: We support the clinical utility of RDW in predicting all-cause mortality among patients with CKD. The mechanism underlying our findings is critical for CKD risk assessment and management, particularly from malnutrition, inflammation, and atherosclerosis perspectives.

7.
Neurosci Bull ; 2019 Aug 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31428926

RESUMO

Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a chronic and incurable autoimmune neurodegenerative disease of the central nervous system. Although the symptoms of MS can be managed by vitamin D3 treatment alone, this condition cannot be completely eradicated. Thus, there might be unknown factors capable of regulating the vitamin D receptor (VDR). Genome-wide analysis showed that miRNAs were associated with VDRs. We sought to determine the role and mechanism of action of miRNA-125a-5p and VDRs in a model of MS, mice with experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE), which was induced by myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein 35-55 peptides. EAE mice showed decreased mean body weight but increased mean clinical scores compared with vehicle or control mice. And inflammatory infiltration was found in the lumbosacral spinal cord of EAE mice. In addition, VDR expression was significantly lower while the expression of miR-125a-5p was markedly higher in the spinal ventral horn of EAE mice than in vehicle or control mice. Importantly, activation of VDRs by paricalcitol or inhibition of miR-125a-5p by its antagomir markedly decreased the mean clinical scores in EAE mice. Interestingly, VDR and miR-125a-5p were co-localized in the same neurons of the ventral horn. More importantly, inhibition of miR-125a-5p remarkably blocked the decrease of VDRs in EAE mice. These results support a critical role for miR-125a-5p in modulating VDR activity in EAE and suggest potential novel therapeutic interventions.

8.
Sci Adv ; 5(8): eaax1101, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31453335

RESUMO

Meiosis is a specialized type of cell division that creates haploid germ cells and ensures their genetic diversity through homologous recombination. We show that the H3K4me3 reader ZCWPW1 is specifically required for meiosis prophase I progression in male but not in female germ cells in mice. Loss of Zcwpw1 in male mice caused a complete failure of synapsis, resulting in meiotic arrest at the zygotene to pachytene stage, accompanied by incomplete DNA double-strand break repair and lack of crossover formation, leading to male infertility. In oocytes, deletion of Zcwpw1 only somewhat slowed down meiosis prophase I progression; Zcwpw1-/- oocytes were able to complete meiosis, and Zcwpw1-/- female mice had normal fertility until mid-adulthood. We conclude that the H3K4me3 reader ZCWPW1 is indispensable for meiosis synapsis in males but is dispensable for females. Our results suggest that ZCWPW1 may represent a previously unknown, sex-dependent epigenetic regulator of germ cell meiosis in mammals.

9.
Acta Crystallogr C Struct Chem ; 75(Pt 8): 1073-1083, 2019 08 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31380790

RESUMO

Two CoII-based coordination polymers, namely poly[(µ4-biphenyl-2,2',5,5'-tetracarboxylato){µ2-1,3-bis[(1H-imidazol-1-yl)methyl]benzene}dicobalt(II)], [Co2(C16H6O8)(C14H14N4)2]n or [Co2(o,m-bpta)(1,3-bimb)2]n (I), and poly[[aqua(µ4-biphenyl-2,2',5,5'-tetracarboxylato){1,4-bis[(1H-imidazol-1-yl)methyl]benzene}dicobalt(II)] dihydrate], {[Co2(C16H6O8)(C14H14N4)2(H2O)2]·4H2O}n or {[Co2(o,m-bpta)(1,4-bimb)2(H2O)2]·4H2O}n (II), were synthesized from a mixture of biphenyl-2,2',5,5'-tetracarboxylic acid, i.e. [H4(o,m-bpta)], CoCl2·6H2O and N-donor ligands under solvothermal conditions. The complexes were characterized by IR spectroscopy, elemental analysis, single-crystal X-ray diffraction and powder X-ray diffraction analysis. The bridging (o,m-bpta)4- ligands combine with CoII ions in different µ4-coordination modes, leading to the formation of one-dimensional chains. The central CoII atoms display tetrahedral [CoN2O2] and octahedral [CoN2O4] geometries in I and II, respectively. The bis[(1H-imidazol-1-yl)methyl]benzene (bimb) ligands adopt trans or cis conformations to connect CoII ions, thus forming two three-dimensional (3D) networks. Complex I shows a (2,4)-connected 3D network with left- and right-handed helical chains constructed by (o,m-bpta)4- ligands. Complex II is a (4,4)-connected 3D novel network with ribbon-like chains formed by (o,m-bpta)4- linkers. Magnetic studies indicate an orbital contribution to the magnetic moment of I and II due to the longer Co...Co distances. An attempt has been made to fit the χMT results to the magnetic formulae for mononuclear CoII complexes, the fitting indicating the presence of weak antiferromagnetic interactions between the CoII ions.

10.
Int J Obes (Lond) ; 2019 Aug 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31455870

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Obesity-induced hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is more prevalent in males than in females, but the underlying mechanism remains unclear. The influence of hepatic androgen receptor (AR) pathway on the gender difference of HCC has been well documented. Here we investigated the role of hepatic lipogenesis, which is elevated in the livers of obese and nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) patients, in stimulating the AR pathway for the male preference of obesity induced HCC. METHODS: Male C57BL/6J mice were fed a fructose-rich high carbohydrate diet (HCD) to induce hepatic lipogenesis. The effect of hepatic lipogenesis on AR was examined by the expression of hydrodynamically injected AR reporter and the endogenous AR target gene; the mechanism was delineated in hepatoma cell lines and validated in male mice. RESULTS: The hepatic lipogenesis induced by a fructose-rich HCD enhanced the transcriptional activity of hepatic AR in male mice, which did not happen when fed a high fat diet. This AR activation was blocked by sh-RNAs or inhibitors targeting key enzymes in lipogenesis, either acetyl-CoA carboxylase subunit alpha (ACCα), or fatty acid synthase (FASN), in vivo and in vitro. Further mechanistic study identified that specific unsaturated fatty acid, the oleic acid (C18:1 n-9), incorporated DAGs produced by hepatic lipogenesis are the key molecules to enhance the AR activity, through activation of Akt kinase, and this novel mechanism is targeted by metformin. CONCLUSIONS: Our study elucidates a novel mechanism underlying the higher risk of HCC in obese/NAFLD males, through specific DAGs enriched by hepatic lipogenesis to increase the transcriptional activity of hepatic AR, a confirmed risk factor for male HCC.

11.
Adv Clin Exp Med ; 28(9): 1249-1255, 2019 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31430071

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of apurinic/apyrimidinicendonuclease 1 (APE1), which has been implicated in cancers and the DNA base excision repair (BER) process, have not been thoroughly investigated in association with the risks of oxidative stress-related vitiligo. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study is to investigate associations between APE1 single-nucleotide polymorphisms 141T >G and 1349T >G and risk and prognosis of vitiligo. MATERIAL AND METHODS: From June 2013 to June 2015, a total of 460 vitiligo patients were randomly recruited as a case group; 200 of these patients received narrow bound ultraviolet B (NB-UVB) treatment. Meanwhile, 460 healthy controls were included as a control group. Polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) was performed to explore the distribution frequencies of genotypes. RESULTS: Significant differences were detected between the case group and the control group in the frequencies of the 141T >G and 1349T >G genotypes. At 141T >G, compared with patients carrying the TG + GG genotype, male patients carrying the TT genotype aged more than 20 years with active non-segmental vitiligo, without a family history of vitiligo or other autoimmune diseases, exhibited an increased risk of vitiligo. Binary logistic regression analysis demonstrated that the TT genotype at 141T >G and the non-TT genotype at 1349T >G were independent risk factors for vitiligo development. At 1349T >G, compared with patients carrying the TT genotype, male patients carrying the TG + GG genotype aged more than 20 years with active non-segmental vitiligo, without a family history of vitiligo or other autoimmune diseases, exhibited an increased risk of vitiligo. Moreover, patients carrying 141TG + GG or 1349 TT genotypes had better photochromic effects, lower cumulative radiation doses, shorter treatment times, and earlier first photochromic times.


Assuntos
Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático/genética , DNA Liase (Sítios Apurínicos ou Apirimidínicos)/metabolismo , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Vitiligo , Adulto , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Feminino , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Genótipo , Humanos , Masculino , Prognóstico , Vitiligo/genética , Vitiligo/metabolismo , Adulto Jovem
12.
Anal Chem ; 91(16): 10702-10712, 2019 Aug 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31361473

RESUMO

Dried blood spots (DBSs) have gained increasing attention recently with their growing importance in precision medicine. DBS-based metabolomics analysis provides a powerful tool for investigating new biomarkers. Until now, very few studies have discussed measures for improving analytical accuracy with the consideration of the special characteristics of DBSs. The present study proposed a postcolumn infused-internal standard (PCI-IS) assisted strategy to improve data quality for DBS-based metabolomics studies. An efficient sample preparation protocol with 80% acetonitrile as the extraction solvent was first established to improve the metabolite recovery. The PCI-IS assisted liquid chromatography-electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (LC-ESI-MS) method was used to simultaneously estimate the blood volume and correct the signal change caused by ion source contamination and the matrix effect to evaluate the spot volume effect and hematocrit (Hct) variation effect on target metabolites. Phenylalanine-d8 was selected as the single PCI-IS to correct the matrix effect. For calibration of errors caused by the blood volume difference, 75% of the test metabolites showed good correlation (R2 ≥ 0.9) between the spot volume and the signal intensity after PCI-IS correction compared to less than 50% metabolites with good correlation before calibration. The spot volume was further calibrated by the same PCI-IS. Investigation of the Hct variation effect on target metabolites revealed that it affected the concentrations of metabolites in the DBS samples depending on their abundance in the red blood cell (RBC) or plasma; it is essential to preinvestigate the distribution of metabolites in blood to minimize the comparison bias in metabolomics studies. Finally, the PCI-IS assisted method was applied to study acetaminophen-induced liver toxicity. The results indicated that the proposed PCI-IS strategy could effectively remove analytical errors and improve the data quality, which would make the DBS-based metabolomics more feasible in real-world applications.

13.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(28): e16404, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31305451

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The role of fruit and vegetables (FVs) consumption in decreasing gallstone disease risk remains contradictory. We performed a meta-analysis to analyze this potential correlation, followed by investigation of dose-response relationship of FVs consumption with gallstone disease. MATERIALS AND METHODS: PubMed, Embase, as well as Web of Science were searched to determine all published researches about the connection of FVs consumption with gallstone disease before March 2018. Relative risks (RRs) or odds ratios (ORs) along with corresponding 95% confidence intervals (CIs) was pooled utilizing random effect models, aiming at examining the correlation of FVs consumption with gallstone disease risk. RESULTS: One cross-sectional study, our case-control studies as well as nine cohort studies were enrolled, covering approximately 33,983 patients with gallstone disease and 1,53,3752 participants. In a pooled analysis, vegetables consumption was significantly related to a decreased gallstone disease risk, (RR = 0.83, 95% CI, 0.74-0.94, I = 91.1%), and for fruits consumption, RR was similar (RR = 0.88, 95%CI, 0.83-0.92, I = 0.01%). This inverse correlation of FVs consumption with gallstone disease risk was solid in most subgroup analysis. The nonlinear dose-response correlation indicated that gallstone risk was reduced by 4% (RR = 0.96, 95%CI, 0.93-0.98) and 3% (RR = 0.97, 95%CI, 0.96-0.98) for every 200 g per day increment in vegetables consumption (P = .001) and fruits consumption (P = .001), respectively. CONCLUSION: This study suggests vegetables and fruits consumption is correlated with a significantly reduced risk of gallstone disease.


Assuntos
Dieta , Frutas , Cálculos Biliares/epidemiologia , Verduras , Cálculos Biliares/prevenção & controle , Humanos
15.
BMC Cancer ; 19(1): 397, 2019 Apr 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31036088

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The importance of definitive radiotherapy for elderly patients with esophageal and esophagogastric-junction cancer is pronounced. However, little is known in terms of the best way to combine radiotherapy with other treatment options. This study aims to compare the efficiency of SIB radiotherapy alone with SIB radiotherapy concurrent and consolidated with S-1 for elderly patients. Comprehensive geriatric assessment is also incorporated in the procedure of treatment. METHODS/DESIGN: The study is a two arm, open, randomized multicenter Phase III trial with patients over 70 years old with stage IIA-IVB (UICC 2002, IVB only with metastasis to supraclavicular or celiac lymph nodes) squamous cell carcinoma or adenocarcinoma of esophagus or gastroesophageal junction. A total of 300 patients will be randomized using a 1:1 allocation ratio stratified by disease stage and study site. Patients allocated to the SIB arm will receive definitive SIB radiotherapy (95%PTV/PGTV 50.4Gy/59.92Gy/28f) while those randomized to SIB + S-1 arm will receive definitive SIB radiotherapy concurrent and consolidated with S-1. The primary endpoint of the trial is 1-year overall survival. Secondary objectives include progression-free survival, recurrence-free survival (local-regional and distant), disease failure pattern, toxicity profile as well as quality of life. Besides, detailed radiotherapy protocol and quality assurance procedure have been incorporated into this trial. DISCUSSION: The proportion of elderly patients in esophageal cancer is now growing, but there is a lack of evidence in term of treatment standard for this group of patients, which is what we aim to obtain through this prospective phase III study. TRIAL REGISTRATION: clinicaltrials.gov NCT02979691 . Registered November 22, 2016.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias Esofágicas/terapia , Radioterapia de Intensidade Modulada/métodos , Neoplasias Gástricas/terapia , Adenocarcinoma/patologia , Adenocarcinoma/terapia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/efeitos adversos , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/patologia , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/terapia , Quimiorradioterapia , Combinação de Medicamentos , Neoplasias Esofágicas/patologia , Junção Esofagogástrica/efeitos dos fármacos , Junção Esofagogástrica/patologia , Junção Esofagogástrica/efeitos da radiação , Feminino , Fluoruracila/administração & dosagem , Fluoruracila/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Masculino , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Avaliação de Resultados (Cuidados de Saúde)/métodos , Avaliação de Resultados (Cuidados de Saúde)/estatística & dados numéricos , Ácido Oxônico/administração & dosagem , Ácido Oxônico/efeitos adversos , Estudos Prospectivos , Radioterapia de Intensidade Modulada/efeitos adversos , Neoplasias Gástricas/patologia , Tegafur/administração & dosagem , Tegafur/efeitos adversos
17.
J Asian Nat Prod Res ; : 1-8, 2019 May 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31046464

RESUMO

Three new isoquinoline alkaloids, including two aporphines (1 and 2) and one oxoaporphine (3), were isolated from the 90% EtOH extract of the whole plants of Thalictrum tenue Franch. The structures of the isolated compounds were established based on 1D and 2D (1H-1H COSY, HMQC, and HMBC) NMR spectroscopy, in addition to high resolution mass spectrometry, respectively. The isolated alkaloids were tested in vitro for cytotoxic activity against six esophageal carcinoma cell lines. Consequently, alkaloids 1-3 exhibited some cytotoxic activities against all the tested tumor cell lines with IC50 values less than 20 µM.

18.
J Genet Genomics ; 46(4): 155-156, 2019 Apr 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31056204
19.
J Genet Genomics ; 46(4): 187-199, 2019 Apr 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31080046

RESUMO

Dendrites and axons are delicate neuronal membrane extensions that undergo degeneration after physical injuries. In neurodegenerative diseases, they often degenerate prior to neuronal death. Understanding the mechanisms of neurite degeneration has been an intense focus of neurobiology research in the last two decades. As a result, many discoveries have been made in the molecular pathways that lead to neurite degeneration and the cell-cell interactions responsible for the subsequent clearance of neuronal debris. Drosophila melanogaster has served as a prime in vivo model system for identifying and characterizing the key molecular players in neurite degeneration, thanks to its genetic tractability and easy access to its nervous system. The knowledge learned in the fly provided targets and fuel for studies in other model systems that have further enhanced our understanding of neurodegeneration. In this review, we will introduce the experimental systems developed in Drosophila to investigate injury-induced neurite degeneration, and then discuss the biological pathways that drive degeneration. We will also cover what is known about the mechanisms of how phagocytes recognize and clear degenerating neurites, and how recent findings in this area enhance our understanding of neurodegenerative disease pathology.

20.
Cell Rep ; 27(7): 2157-2170.e8, 2019 May 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31091453

RESUMO

Wnt signaling pathways direct key physiological decisions in development. Here, we establish a role for a pleckstrin homology domain-containing protein, PLEKHA4, as a modulator of signaling strength in Wnt-receiving cells. PLEKHA4 oligomerizes into clusters at PI(4,5)P2-rich regions of the plasma membrane and recruits the Cullin-3 (CUL3) E3 ubiquitin ligase substrate adaptor Kelch-like protein 12 (KLHL12) to these assemblies. This recruitment decreases CUL3-KLHL12-mediated polyubiquitination of Dishevelled, a central intermediate in canonical and non-canonical Wnt signaling. Knockdown of PLEKHA4 in mammalian cells demonstrates that PLEKHA4 positively regulates canonical and non-canonical Wnt signaling via these effects on the Dishevelled polyubiquitination machinery. In vivo knockout of the Drosophila melanogaster PLEKHA4 homolog, kramer, selectively affects the non-canonical, planar cell polarity (PCP) signaling pathway. We propose that PLEKHA4 tunes the sensitivities of cells toward the stimulation of Wnt or PCP signaling by sequestering a key E3 ligase adaptor controlling Dishevelled polyubiquitination within PI(4,5)P2-rich plasma membrane clusters.

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