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1.
Curr Treat Options Oncol ; 22(3): 22, 2021 Feb 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33560505

RESUMO

OPINION STATEMENT: The vast majority of patients newly diagnosed with melanoma present with clinically localized disease, and sentinel lymph node biopsy (SLNB) is a standard of care in the management of these patients, particularly in intermediate thickness cases, in order to provide important prognostic data. However, SLNB also has an important role in the management of patients with other subtypes of melanoma such as thick melanomas, certain thin melanomas, and specific histologic variants of melanoma such as desmoplastic melanoma. Furthermore, there have been technical advances in the SLNB technique, such as the development of newer radiotracers and use of SPECT/CT, and there is some data to suggest performing a SLNB may be therapeutic. Finally, the management of patients with a positive sentinel lymph node (SLN) has undergone dramatic changes over the past several years based on the results of recent important clinical trials. Treatment options for patients with SLN metastases now include surveillance, completion lymph node dissection, and adjuvant therapy with checkpoint inhibitors and targeted therapy. SLNB continues to play a crucial role in the management of patients with melanoma, allowing for risk stratification, potential regional disease control, and further treatment options for patients with a positive SLN.

4.
Ann Surg Oncol ; 2020 Sep 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32951110

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Survival for positive sentinel lymph node (SLN) patients does not differ between completion lymph node dissection (CLND) and nodal observation (OBS). However, treating these patients with CLND and checkpoint inhibitors, such as pembrolizumab (PEM), improves outcomes. This study evaluated the cost-effectiveness of OBS, CLND, and CLND with PEM (CLND-PEM) treatments. METHODS: A Markov model was designed to simulate treatment for a theoretical cohort of 1000 positive SLN patients per therapy with a 5-year follow-up period. An intervention was cost-effective if its incremental cost-effectiveness ratio among therapies was below the willingness-to-pay threshold of $100,000 per quality-adjusted life year (QALY). RESULTS: Compared with CLND or CLND-PEM, OBS resulted in fewer lymphedema cases but in more disease recurrences. Compared with OBS, CLND had higher costs and lower QALYs. Although CLND-PEM had a lower number of recurrences and deaths than OBS or CLND, it had higher costs and lower QALYs than OBS, and thus was not cost-effective. However, with the effects of CLND from CLND-PEM removed, allowing evaluation of PEM effects alone (PEM alone), the resulting QALYs were the highest, but PEM alone still was not cost-effective compared with OBS ($1.2 million per QALY). By reducing the drug cost to less than $14,404 per patient, PEM alone would become cost-effective. CONCLUSIONS: Compared with CLND, CLND-PEM, and PEM alone, OBS was cost-effective for managing positive SLN patients. Although CLND-PEM and PEM alone result in fewer recurrences and deaths, these therapies were not cost-effective due to the quality-of-life decrement of CLND and the current high drug cost of PEM.

5.
Surgery ; 168(3): 518-526, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32669204

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: It is unknown whether all thick melanomas share the same prognostic features. We present a large, multi-institutional study on thick melanoma, evaluating for factors prognostic of survival. METHODS: We queried the database of the Sentinel Lymph Node Working Group for patients with thick melanoma (>4 mm) who had a sentinel lymph node biopsy from 1993 to 2018. Clinicopathologic characteristics were correlated with overall survival. RESULTS: There were 1,235 patients with a median follow-up of 28 months. Median thickness was 5.9 mm, with 713, 356, and 166 cases having a thickness of >4 to 6, >6 to 10, and >10 mm, respectively. Ulceration was seen in 51.2% of cases, while sentinel lymph node metastases were seen in 439 of 1,235 (35.5%) cases. For melanomas >4 to 6 mm, age, thickness, ulceration, lymphovascular invasion, and sentinel lymph node metastasis were correlated with overall survival (all P < .05), but for melanomas >6 to 10 mm, only sex and sentinel lymph node metastasis were prognostic of overall survival (both P < .05). For melanomas >10 mm, only sentinel lymph node metastasis predicted overall survival on multivariable analyses (P < .05). CONCLUSION: Prognostic markers of overall survival for thick melanoma include thickness, ulceration, and sentinel lymph node metastasis, but also include other unique factors such as lymphovascular invasion. Moreover, certain prognostic markers for survival are associated with different subgroups of thick melanoma, which vary based on thickness group.


Assuntos
Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Dermatológicos , Melanoma/mortalidade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Cutâneas/mortalidade , Pele/patologia , Idoso , Vasos Sanguíneos/patologia , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Metástase Linfática/patologia , Vasos Linfáticos/patologia , Masculino , Melanoma/patologia , Melanoma/cirurgia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Invasividade Neoplásica/patologia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/patologia , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Linfonodo Sentinela/patologia , Biópsia de Linfonodo Sentinela/estatística & dados numéricos , Neoplasias Cutâneas/patologia , Neoplasias Cutâneas/cirurgia , Carga Tumoral
7.
Plast Reconstr Surg Glob Open ; 8(3): e2698, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32537354

RESUMO

Management of acral lentiginous melanoma (ALM) remains controversial. Traditionally, ALM was managed with digit amputation (DA), resulting in significant morbidity, but recent evidence has advocated for digit sparing management. Furthermore, the significance of nodal metastasis for ALM is not well reported. The aims of this study were to determine if surgical approach for primary ALM impacts outcomes and to evaluate the predictive value of nodal status for ALM. Methods: Patients with localized ALM diagnosed from 1982 to 2017 were retrospectively identified. Clinicopathologic characteristics were correlated with surgical approach, nodal metastasis, overall survival, and recurrence-free survival. Results: There were 47 patients with ALM. Median age was 59 years, and median thickness was 3 mm. 51% of patients underwent wide local excision (WLE), 27.9% underwent DA, and 20.9% underwent partial digit amputation (PDA). ALM on the hand versus foot (OR: 12.7, 95%, confidence interval (CI), 2.0-80.1; P = 0.007) and subungual versus nonsubungual location (OR: 28.0, 95% confidence interval, 2.7-295.7; P = 0.006) were significantly associated with surgical approach (DA and PDA versus WLE). There were no significant differences in overall survival or recurrence-free survival between DA, PDA, or WLE cases (P = 0.481 and P = 0.778, respectively). There were no significant differences in overall survival or recurrence-free survival based on nodal status (P = 0.562 and P = 0.136, respectively). Conclusions: No significant differences in overall survival or recurrence-free survival were seen between ALM patients treated with DA, PDA, and WLE. Given these results, PDA or WLE may be options in select patients with digital ALM; however, careful consideration must be taken when deciding on the surgical approach.

8.
Ann Surg Oncol ; 27(13): 5259-5266, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32529271

RESUMO

PURPOSE: We hypothesized that initial biopsy may understage acral lentiginous melanoma (ALM) and lead to undertreatment or incomplete staging. Understanding this possibility can potentially aid surgical planning and improve primary tumor staging. METHODS: A retrospective review of primary ALMs treated from 2000 to 2017 in the US Melanoma Consortium database was performed. We reviewed pathology characteristics of initial biopsy, final excision specimens, surgical margins, and sentinel lymph node biopsy (SLNB). RESULTS: We identified 418 primary ALMs (321 plantar, 34 palmar, 63 subungual) with initial biopsy and final pathology results. Median final thickness was 1.8 mm (range 0.0-19.0). There was a discrepancy between initial biopsy and final pathology thickness in 180 (43%) patients with a median difference of 1.6 mm (range 0.1-16.4). Final T category was increased in 132 patients (32%), including 47% of initially in situ, 32% of T1, 39% of T2, and 28% of T3 lesions. T category was more likely to be increased in subungual (46%) and palmar (38%) melanomas than plantar (28%, p = 0.01). Among patients upstaged to T2 or higher, 71% had ≤ 1-cm margins taken. Among the 27 patients upstaged to T1b or higher, 8 (30%) did not have a SLNB performed, resulting in incomplete initial staging. CONCLUSIONS: In this large series of ALMs, final T category was frequently increased on final pathology. A high index of suspicion is necessary for lesions initially in situ or T1 and consideration should be given to performing additional punch biopsies, wider margin excisions, and/or SLNB.

9.
Ann Surg Oncol ; 2020 Jun 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32524460

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Sentinel lymph node biopsy (SLNB) is recommended for intermediate thickness melanoma, but for thick melanoma, guidelines are less definitive about the use of SLNB in this population. We present a study on thick melanoma evaluating for prognostic factors. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The Sentinel Lymph Node Working Group database was queried for thick (> 4 mm) melanoma cases that had a SLNB from 1993 to 2018. Clinicopathologic characteristics were correlated with SLN status and melanoma-specific survival (MSS). RESULTS: There were 1235 patients. Median follow-up was 28 months. Median thickness was 5.9 mm, with 956, 175, and 104 cases presenting thickness > 4-8, > 8-12, and > 12 mm, respectively. SLN metastases were seen in 439 of 1235 (35.5%) cases and in 33.9%, 40.6%, and 42.3% of melanomas > 4-8, > 8-12, and > 12 mm, respectively. In each thickness group, MSS was significantly worse for SLN-positive compared with SLN-negative cases (all P < 0.005). Multivariable analysis showed that SLN metastasis, male gender, increasing thickness, lymphovascular invasion, and microsatellitosis significantly predicted worse MSS for melanomas > 4-8 mm, with SLN metastasis showing the greatest risk (HR 2.17, 95% CI 1.64-2.87, P < 0.0001). For melanomas > 8 mm, only SLN metastasis significantly predicted MSS (> 8-12 mm: HR 3.93, 95% CI 2.00-7.73, P < 0.0001; > 12 mm: HR 3.58, 95% CI 1.56-8.22, p < 0.0027). CONCLUSIONS: Thick melanoma patients with SLN metastasis have significantly worse MSS compared with SLN-negative patients, even in the thickest cases, and SLN status is the most powerful and/or only predictor of MSS. Given these results, SLNB shows important prognostic value in this population and is indicated for clinically localized thick melanoma.

10.
Am J Surg ; 219(5): 836-840, 2020 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32184009

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Patient age has been intermittently associated with demographics and outcomes in cutaneous melanoma. We looked at the association of age and patient demographics, tumor features, and melanoma-related outcomes in patients undergoing sentinel lymph node (SLN) biopsy for melanoma. METHODS: We reviewed demographics (age, gender), tumor features (mean Breslow thickness, ulceration, SLN positivity rates), and outcomes (all-site relapse, progression to stage IV, death from melanoma, complications) from a university-based prospective database of 1633 patients. Patients were grouped by decade of age and the impact of age was examined by univariable and multivariable analyses. RESULTS: Increasing age was directly associated with number of patients referred for SLN biopsy, male gender, head and neck (H&N) tumor location, mean Breslow thickness, tumor ulceration, and with all -site relapse, progression to stage IV, death from melanoma and complication rates. Increasing age was indirectly associated with SLN positivity rates. Comparing ages <30 with ages >60, these trends reached statistical significance for male gender, H&N location, SLN positivity, all-site relapse, progression to stage IV (development of metastases) and death from melanoma. CONCLUSIONS: Referrals for SLN biopsy increase with increasing patient age, yet increasing age is associated with lower SLN positivity rates. This occurs despite the fact that older patients have thicker, more ulcerated tumors, and higher melanoma-related relapse and death rates.


Assuntos
Melanoma/patologia , Melanoma/cirurgia , Biópsia de Linfonodo Sentinela , Neoplasias Cutâneas/patologia , Neoplasias Cutâneas/cirurgia , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Metástase Linfática , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/patologia , Prognóstico
11.
Cureus ; 11(10): e6038, 2019 Oct 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31824805

RESUMO

Background and Objectives Lymph node metastases (LNM) in soft tissue sarcoma (STS) of the trunk and extremity are rare but are associated with worse survival. Established risk factors for LNM in this group are based on small institutional retrospective reviews. This study identifies the risk factors associated with LNM in otherwise non-metastatic trunk/extremity STS patients using the National Cancer Database (NCDB) and sought out to delineate a high-risk group that may be considered for pathologic nodal evaluation. Methods The files of 10,731 patients with STS of the trunk/extremity without distant metastasis from 2004 - 2015 were evaluated. Exclusion criteria included neoadjuvant therapy and a lack of pathologic nodal evaluation. Univariate and multivariable logistic regression models were performed to evaluate variables associated with LNM. Results Of the total of 10,731 patients, 223 (2.1%) had LNM. On multivariable analysis, LNM was associated with Grade 3 tumors (odds ratio (OR) 15.6, 95% confidence interval (CI) 6.36 - 38.04, p < 0.001) and clear cell/angiosarcoma/rhabdomyosarcoma/epithelioid (CARE) histology (OR 4.72, 95% CI 3.35 - 6.66, p < 0.001), lymphovascular invasion (LVI) (OR 5.86, 95% CI 3.33 - 10.31, p < 0.001, and bone invasion (BI) (OR 2.73, 95% CI 1.32 - 5.61, p = 0.006). Patients with Grade 3 CARE tumors (n = 402) had an 11.9% risk of LNM vs. 1.7% of adults without all these characteristics (p < 0.001). Patients with Grade 3 CARE tumors and either LVI or BI (n = 36) had a 33.3% risk of LNM. Conclusions High-grade and CARE histology are associated with LNM in STS. Adult patients with both features have an overall 11.9% risk of LNM and may be considered for pathologic LN assessment, particularly with the presence of LVI or BI.

14.
J Immunother Cancer ; 7(1): 196, 2019 07 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31340861

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Checkpoint inhibitors (CPI) have revolutionized the treatment of metastatic melanoma, but most patients treated with CPI eventually develop progressive disease. Local therapy including surgery, ablation or stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT) may be useful to manage limited progression, but criteria for patient selection have not been established. Previous work has suggested progression-free survival (PFS) after local therapy is associated with patterns of immunotherapy failure, but this has not been studied in patients treated with CPI. METHODS: We analyzed clinical data from patients with metastatic melanoma who were treated with antibodies against CTLA-4, PD-1 or PD-L1, either as single-agent or combination therapy, and identified those who had disease progression in 1 to 3 sites managed with local therapy. Patterns of CPI failure were designated by independent radiological review as growth of established metastases or appearance of new metastases. Local therapy for diagnosis, palliation or CNS metastases was excluded. RESULTS: Four hundred twenty-eight patients with metastatic melanoma received treatment with CPI from 2007 to 2018. Seventy-seven have ongoing complete responses while 69 died within 6 months of starting CPI; of the remaining 282 patients, 52 (18%) were treated with local therapy meeting our inclusion criteria. Local therapy to achieve no evidence of disease (NED) was associated with three-year progression-free survival (PFS) of 31% and five-year disease-specific survival (DSS) of 60%. Stratified by patterns of failure, patients with progression in established tumors had three-year PFS of 70%, while those with new metastases had three-year PFS of 6% (P = 0.001). Five-year DSS after local therapy was 93% versus 31%, respectively (P = 0.046). CONCLUSIONS: Local therapy for oligoprogression after CPI can result in durable PFS in selected patients. We observed that patterns of failure seen during or after CPI treatment are strongly associated with PFS after local therapy, and may represent a useful criterion for patient selection. This experience suggests there may be an increased role for local therapy in patients being treated with immunotherapy.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos Imunológicos/administração & dosagem , Neoplasias do Sistema Nervoso Central/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias do Sistema Nervoso Central/secundário , Melanoma/tratamento farmacológico , Idoso , Antineoplásicos Imunológicos/farmacologia , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/administração & dosagem , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/farmacologia , Antígeno B7-H1/antagonistas & inibidores , Antígeno CTLA-4/antagonistas & inibidores , Neoplasias do Sistema Nervoso Central/imunologia , Feminino , Humanos , Imunoterapia , Masculino , Melanoma/imunologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Seleção de Pacientes , Receptor de Morte Celular Programada 1/antagonistas & inibidores , Intervalo Livre de Progressão , Falha de Tratamento
15.
Ann Surg Oncol ; 26(7): 2254-2262, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31011906

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Factors that predict melanoma recurrence after a negative sentinel lymph node biopsy (SLNB) are not well-defined. We evaluated melanoma recurrence patterns, factors prognostic for recurrence, and the impact of recurrence on outcomes after a negative SLNB. METHODS: The Sentinel Lymph Node Working Group database was evaluated from 1996 to 2016 for negative SLNB melanoma patients. Clinicopathologic characteristics were correlated with recurrence, overall survival (OS), and melanoma-specific survival (MSS). RESULTS: Median follow-up was 32.1 months. Recurrences developed in 558 of 5351 negative SLN patients (10.4%). First-site of recurrence included a local or in-transit recurrence (LITR) in 221 cases (4.1%), nodal recurrence (NR) in 109 cases (2%), and distant recurrence (DR) in 220 cases (4.1%). On multivariable analysis, age, thickness, head/neck or lower extremity primary, and microsatellitosis significantly predicted for an LITR as first-site. Having an LITR as first-site significantly predicted for a subsequent NR and DR, and significantly predicted for worse OS and MSS. Furthermore, thickness and head/neck or lower extremity primary significantly predicted for an NR as first-site, while a prior LITR significantly predicted for a subsequent NR. Factors significantly predictive for a DR included thickness, head/neck or trunk primary, ulceration, and lymphovascular invasion. Patients with any type of locoregional recurrence were at higher risk for a DR. CONCLUSIONS: Recurrences occur in 10.4% of negative SLN patients, with LITR and DR being the most common types. Importantly, having an LITR significantly predicts for a subsequent NR and DR, and is prognostic for worse survival after a negative SLNB.


Assuntos
Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/patologia , Excisão de Linfonodo/mortalidade , Melanoma/patologia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/patologia , Biópsia de Linfonodo Sentinela/mortalidade , Linfonodo Sentinela/patologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Bases de Dados Factuais , Feminino , Seguimentos , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/cirurgia , Humanos , Masculino , Melanoma/cirurgia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Invasividade Neoplásica , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/cirurgia , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Estudos Retrospectivos , Linfonodo Sentinela/cirurgia , Taxa de Sobrevida , Adulto Jovem
16.
J Surg Oncol ; 119(8): 1053-1059, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30883771

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Completion lymph node dissection (CLND) for sentinel lymph node (SLN) disease in melanoma patients is debated. We evaluated the impact of CLND on survival and assessed for predictors of nonsentinel node metastasis (positive CLND). METHODS: Positive SLN melanoma patients were retrospectively identified in the Sentinel Lymph Node Working Group database. Clinicopathological factors were correlated with CLND status, overall survival (OS), and melanoma-specific survival (MSS). RESULTS: There were 953 positive SLN patients of whom 831 (87%) had CLND. Positive CLND was seen in 141 (17%) cases and was associated with worse OS and MSS (both P < 0.001). CLND was not performed (No-CLND) in 122 of 953 positive SLN cases (13%), of whom 100 had follow-up and 18 (18%) developed a nodal recurrence (NR). No significant differences in OS and MSS were seen comparing CLND with No-CLND (P = 0.084, P = 0.161, respectively) and comparing positive CLND with No-CLND NR patients (P = 0.565, P = 0.998, respectively). Gender, primary site, ulceration, and number of positive SLNs were correlated with nonsentinel node metastasis. CONCLUSIONS: Performance of CLND provides prognostic information but is not associated with a survival benefit. Clinical variables can predict a positive CLND in patients who may be at high risk of recurrence.


Assuntos
Excisão de Linfonodo/estatística & dados numéricos , Melanoma/mortalidade , Melanoma/cirurgia , Adulto , Idoso , Bases de Dados Factuais , Feminino , Humanos , Metástase Linfática , Masculino , Melanoma/patologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Estudos Retrospectivos , Biópsia de Linfonodo Sentinela , Taxa de Sobrevida
17.
J Surg Oncol ; 119(8): 1060-1069, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30883783

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The prognostic benefit of sentinel lymph node biopsy (SLNB) and factors predictive of survival specifically in patients with acral lentiginous melanoma (ALM) are unknown. METHODS: The SEER database was queried for ALM cases that underwent SLNB from 1998 to 2013. Clinicopathological factors were correlated with SLN status, overall survival (OS), and melanoma-specific survival (MSS). RESULTS: Median age for the 753 ALM study patients was 65 years, and 48.2% were male. Median thickness was 2 mm with 38.1% of cases having ulceration. SLN metastases were detected in 194 of 753 cases (25.7%). Multivariable analysis showed that thickness, Clark level IV-V, and ulceration significantly predicted for SLN metastasis (P < 0.05). For patients with positive SLN, 5-year OS and MSS were significantly worse at 48.1% and 58.9%, respectively, compared with 78.7% and 88.5%, respectively, for patients with negative SLN (P < 0.0001). On multivariable analyses, older age, male gender, increasing thickness, ulceration, and a positive SLN significantly predicted for worse OS and MSS (all P < 0.05). CONCLUSION: This study confirms the important role of SLNB in ALM. SLN metastases are seen in 25.7% of ALM cases, providing significant prognostic information. In addition, thickness, ulceration status, and SLNB status significantly predict survival in patients with ALM.


Assuntos
Melanoma/mortalidade , Melanoma/patologia , Biópsia de Linfonodo Sentinela/estatística & dados numéricos , Linfonodo Sentinela/patologia , Neoplasias Cutâneas/mortalidade , Neoplasias Cutâneas/patologia , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Lentigo/mortalidade , Lentigo/patologia , Metástase Linfática , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Programa de SEER , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia
18.
J Surg Oncol ; 119(7): 897-902, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30734297

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Increased cross-sectional imaging for surveillance of metastatic melanoma has led to more diagnoses of asymptomatic intussusception. METHODS: We performed a multi-institutional retrospective review of patient records with a history of metastatic melanoma and a diagnosis of intussusception. Patients were divided into three groups: 1) asymptomatic patients without current evidence of melanoma (no evidence of disease [NED]); 2) asymptomatic intussusception and known active metastatic melanoma; 3) symptomatic intussusception and known active metastatic melanoma; the number of patients requiring surgery and intraoperative findings were recorded. RESULTS: We reviewed 73 patients diagnosed with intussusception from 2004 to 2017. Among asymptomatic patients with NED (n = 16), 14 spontaneously resolved and 2 underwent pre-emptive surgery without abnormal intraoperative findings. Of asymptomatic patients with active metastatic disease (n = 32), 25 were initially observed and 7 underwent pre-emptive surgery and 9 of the 25 initially observed patients required surgery for development of symptoms. In this group, all 16 patients undergoing surgery (50% of the group) had intraoperative findings of intussusception and/or metastatic intestinal melanoma.. All symptomatic patients with metastatic melanoma (n = 25) underwent surgery; all had intraoperative findings of intussusception and/or metastatic melanoma except 1 (Meckel's diverticulum). CONCLUSION: Asymptomatic patients with NED do not require surgery and intussusception will likely resolve spontaneously. Asymptomatic patients with known metastatic melanoma may be initially observed, but a low threshold for surgery should be maintained. Symptomatic patients with known metastases should undergo surgery.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Intestinais/secundário , Neoplasias Intestinais/cirurgia , Intussuscepção/etiologia , Intussuscepção/cirurgia , Melanoma/patologia , Melanoma/cirurgia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Humanos , Neoplasias Intestinais/diagnóstico por imagem , Intussuscepção/diagnóstico por imagem , Melanoma/diagnóstico por imagem , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Metástase Neoplásica , Estudos Retrospectivos , Adulto Jovem
19.
J Surg Oncol ; 119(2): 208-215, 2019 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30481377

RESUMO

Desmoplastic melanoma (DM) is a rare melanoma variant that has unique biology and pathology compared with conventional melanoma (non-DM). Importantly, DM is classified into pure and mixed histologic subtypes, which have been correlated with outcomes. Management of DM broadly mirrors that of non-DM; however, there are unique considerations for DM that influence treatment approaches. This paper will provide a contemporary overview of this disease and will review the literature regarding the management of DM.


Assuntos
Melanoma/classificação , Melanoma/cirurgia , Neoplasias Cutâneas/classificação , Neoplasias Cutâneas/cirurgia , Gerenciamento Clínico , Humanos , Melanoma/patologia , Prognóstico , Neoplasias Cutâneas/patologia
20.
Ann Surg Oncol ; 26(1): 33-41, 2019 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30421045

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Microsatellitosis (mS) in melanoma has been considered a marker of unfavorable tumor biology, leading to the current American Joint Committee on Cancer staging of IIIB/C/D disease, despite few investigative studies of this entity limited by the small sample sizes and incomplete nodal microstaging. We sought to better characterize outcomes and prognostic factors in a multi-institutional cohort of patients with mS and nodal microstaging. METHODS: The Sentinel Lymph Node Working Group cohort included 414 mS patients who underwent sentinel lymph node (SLN) biopsy. Cox regression analysis was used to evaluate the prognostic significance of established clinicopathologic characteristics. Melanoma-specific survival (MSS) of patients with mS was compared with 3002 similarly staged patients from the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) Program registry. RESULTS: The median age of the mS cohort was 64.9 years; 39.6% were female. Median thickness was 3 mm, 40.6% of cases were ulcerated, and the SLN positivity rate was 46.7%. Increasing thickness, male sex, and SLN positivity were significantly associated with poorer MSS. Stage IIIB/C/D 5-year MSS rates were 86.3% (95% confidence interval [CI] 79.4-93.3%), 54.1% (95% CI 45.4-59.7%), and 44.2% (95% CI 25.4-63.0%), respectively. MSS survival for the stage IIIB mS cohort was significantly better than a similarly staged SEER cohort (5-year MSS of 70.1%, 95% CI 66.0-74.2%), while no significant difference was observed for the stage IIIC or D cohorts. CONCLUSIONS: SLN metastases are common and are a significant prognostic factor in patients with mS. Survival in stage IIIB patients with mS was considerably more favorable than their stage would otherwise suggest, which has important implications for decisions regarding adjuvant therapy for patients with mS.


Assuntos
Melanoma/patologia , Repetições de Microssatélites , Biópsia de Linfonodo Sentinela/mortalidade , Linfonodo Sentinela/patologia , Neoplasias Cutâneas/patologia , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Melanoma/mortalidade , Melanoma/cirurgia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Programa de SEER , Linfonodo Sentinela/cirurgia , Neoplasias Cutâneas/mortalidade , Neoplasias Cutâneas/cirurgia , Taxa de Sobrevida
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