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Adv Sci (Weinh) ; 9(23): e2201896, 2022 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35661447


Activation of oxygen redox during the first cycle has been reported as the main trigger of voltage hysteresis during further cycles in high-energy-density Li-rich 3d-transition-metal layered oxides. However, it remains unclear whether hysteresis only occurs due to oxygen redox. Here, it is identified that the voltage hysteresis can highly correlate to cationic reduction during discharge in the Li-rich layered oxide, Li1.2 Ni0.4 Mn0.4 O2 . In this material, the potential region of discharge accompanied by hysteresis is apparently separated from that of discharge unrelated to hysteresis. The quantitative analysis of soft/hard X-ray absorption spectroscopies discloses that hysteresis is associated with an incomplete cationic reduction of Ni during discharge. The galvanostatic intermittent titration technique shows that the inevitable energy consumption caused by hysteresis corresponds to an overpotential of 0.3 V. The results unveil that hysteresis can also be affected by cationic redox in Li-rich layered cathodes, implying that oxygen redox cannot be the only reason for the evolution of voltage hysteresis. Therefore, appropriate control of both cationic and anionic redox of Li-rich layered oxides will allow them to reach their maximum energy density and efficiency.

Nanomaterials (Basel) ; 12(12)2022 Jun 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35745349


We explore a phase engineering strategy to improve the electrochemical performance of transition metal sulfides (TMSs) in anode materials for lithium-ion batteries (LIBs). A one-pot hydrothermal approach has been employed to synthesize MoS2 nanostructures. MoS2 and MoO3 phases can be readily controlled by straightforward calcination in the (200-300) °C temperature range. An optimized temperature of 250 °C yields a phase-engineered MoO3@MoS2 hybrid, while 200 and 300 °C produce single MoS2 and MoO3 phases. When tested in LIBs anode, the optimized MoO3@MoS2 hybrid outperforms the pristine MoS2 and MoO3 counterparts. With above 99% Coulombic efficiency (CE), the hybrid anode retains its capacity of 564 mAh g-1 after 100 cycles, and maintains a capacity of 278 mAh g-1 at 700 mA g-1 current density. These favorable characteristics are attributed to the formation of MoO3 passivation surface layer on MoS2 and reactive interfaces between the two phases, which facilitate the Li-ion insertion/extraction, successively improving MoO3@MoS2 anode performance.

Small Methods ; 6(2): e2100888, 2022 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35174991


Sodium-ion batteries (SIBs) hold great potential for use in large-scale grid storage applications owing to their low energy cost compared to lithium analogs. The symmetrical SIBs employing Na3 V2 (PO4 )3 (NVP) as both the cathode and anode are considered very promising due to negligible volume changes and longer cycle life. However, the structural changes associated with the electrochemical reactions of symmetrical SIBs employing NVP have not been widely studied. Previous studies on symmetrical SIBs employing NVP are believed to undergo one mole of Na+ storage during the electrochemical reaction. However, in this study, it is shown that there are significant differences during the electrochemical reaction of the symmetrical NVP system. The symmetrical sodium-ion cell undergoes ≈2 moles of Na+ reaction (intercalation and deintercalation) instead of 1 mole of Na+ . A simultaneous formation of Na5 V2 (PO4 )3 phase in the anode and NaV2 (PO4 )3 phase in the cathode is revealed by synchrotron-based X-ray diffraction and X-ray absorption spectroscopy. A symmetrical NVP cell can deliver a stable capacity of ≈99 mAh g-1 , (based on the mass of the cathode) by simultaneously utilizing V3+ /V2+ redox in anode and V3+ /V4+ redox in cathode. The current study provides new insights for the development of high-energy symmetrical NIBs for future use.

Nano Lett ; 20(6): 4337-4345, 2020 Jun 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32369373


Owing to their high Li+ conductivities, mechanical sinterability, and solution processability, sulfide Li argyrodites have attracted much attention as enablers in the development of high-performance all-solid-state batteries with practicability. However, solution-processable Li argyrodites have been developed only for a composition of Li6PS5X (X = Cl, Br, I) with insufficiently high Li+ conductivities (∼10-4 S cm-1). Herein, we report the highest Li+ conductivity of 0.54 mS cm-1 at 30 °C (Li6.5P0.5Ge0.5S5I) for solution-processable iodine-based Li argyrodites. A comparative investigation of three iodine-based argyrodites of unsubstituted and Ge- and Sn-substituted solution-processed Li6PS5I with varied heat-treatment temperature elucidates the effect of microstructural evolution on Li+ conductivity. Notably, local nanostructures consisting of argyrodite nanocrystallites in solution-processed Li6.5P0.5Ge0.5S5I have been directly captured by cryogenic transmission electron microscopy, which is a first for sulfide solid electrolyte materials. Specifically, the promising electrochemical performances of all-solid-state batteries at 30 °C employing LiCoO2 electrodes tailored by the infiltration of Li6.5P0.5Ge0.5S5I-ethanol solutions are successfully demonstrated.