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1.
Molecules ; 27(9)2022 May 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35566248

RESUMO

A high enzyme-yield strain Yersinia sp. 298 was screened from marine bacteria harvested from the coastal water. The screening conditions were extensive, utilizing hyaluronic acid (HA)/chondroitin sulfate (CS) as the carbon source. A coding gene yshyl8A of the family 8 polysaccharide lyase (PL8) was cloned from the genome of Yersinia sp. 298 and subjected to recombinant expression. The specific activity of the recombinase YsHyl8A was 11.19 U/mg, with an optimal reaction temperature of 40 °C and 50% of its specific activity remaining after thermal incubation at 30 °C for 1 h. In addition, its optimal reaction pH was 7.5, and while it was most stable at pH 6.0 in Na2HPO4-citric acid buffer, it remained highly stable at pH 6.0-11.0. Further, its enzymatic activity was increased five-fold with 0.1 M NaCl. YsHyl8A, as an endo-lyase, can degrade both HA and CS, producing disaccharide end-products. These properties suggested that YsHyl8A possessed both significant alkalophilic and cold-adapted features while being dependent on NaCl, likely resulting from its marine source. Yersinia is a typical fish pathogen, with glycosaminoglycan lyase (GAG lyase) as a potential pathogenic factor, exhibiting strong hyaluronidase and chondroitinase activity. Further research on the pathogenic mechanism of GAG lyase may benefit the prevention and treatment of related diseases.

2.
Front Microbiol ; 13: 869931, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35572672

RESUMO

Background and Objective: An increasing number of evidence has revealed that the gut microbiome functions in immunity, inflammation, metabolism, and homeostasis and is considered to be crucial due to its balance between human health and diseases such as cancer, leading to the emergence of treatments that target intestinal microbiota. Probiotics are one of them. However, many challenges remain regarding the effects of probiotics in cancer treatment. Berberine (BBR), a natural extract of Rhizoma Coptidis and extensively used in the treatment of gastrointestinal diseases, has been found to have antitumor effects in vivo and in vitro by many recent studies, but its definite mechanisms are still unclear. This study aimed to explore the inhibitory effect of BBR and probiotics on the growth of colon cancer cells in vitro and in vivo, and the regulatory influence on the gut microbiome and butyrate production. Methods: Colon cancer cell line HT29 was used to establish a xenograft model of nude mice and an in vitro model. A total of 44 nude mice and HT29 cells were divided into control, model, model + BBR, model + probiotics, and model + combination of BBR with probiotics (CBPs). Live combined Bifidobacterium, Lactobacillus, and Enterococcus powder (LCBLEP) was used as a probiotic preparation. LCBLEP was cultured in the liquid medium under anaerobic conditions (the number of viable bacteria should reach 1 × 108CFU), and the supernatant was collected, and it is called probiotic supernatant (PS). Model + BBR and model + probiotics groups were treated with BBR and LCBLEP or PS for 4 weeks in vivo or 48, 72, and 96 h in vitro, respectively. Tumor volume or cell proliferation was measured. Gut microbiota was pyrosequenced using a 16S rDNA amplicon. HDAC1 mRNA level in HT29 cells and sodium butyrate (SB) expression in the serum of mice was detected by QPCR and ELISA. Results: The treatment of BBR and CBP reduced the growth of neoplasms in mice to a different extent (p > 0.05), especially at 14 days. The inhibitory effect of LCBLEP on tumor growth was more significant, especially at 11-21 days (p < 0.05). Inhibition of BBR on in vitro proliferation was concentration-dependent. The suppression of 75% probiotic supernatant (PS) on the proliferation was the most significant. The supplement of LCBLEP significantly increased the richness and evenness of the gut microbe. BBR dramatically increased the abundance of Bacteroidetes and Proteobacteria, with reduced Ruminococcus, followed by the LCBLEP. The LCBLEP reduced the relative abundance of Verrucomicrobia and Akkermansia, and the CBP also promoted the relative level of Bacteroidetes but reduced the level of Verrucomicrobia and Akkermansia. BBR and LCBLEP or CBP improved the alpha and beta diversity and significantly affected the biomarker and metabolic function of the gut microbe in nude mice with colon cancer. The level of HDAC1 mRNA was reduced in HT29 cells treated with BBR or PS (p < 0.05), the mice treated with BBR revealed a significantly increased concentration of SB in serum (p < 0.05), and the inhibitory effect of SB on the proliferation of HT29 cells was stronger than panobinostat and TSA. Conclusion: Although the combination of BBR and probiotics has no advantage in inhibiting tumor growth compared with the drug alone, BBR can be used as a regulator of the intestinal microbiome similar to the probiotics by mediating the production of SB during reducing the growth of colon cancer.

3.
Bioorg Med Chem ; 66: 116818, 2022 May 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35584603

RESUMO

The misfolding and aggregation of α-Syn are the central mechanism linking and facilitating the other pathological mechanisms of PD. Maintaining α-Syn proteostasis by suitable inhibitors is an effective means to prevent PD. Disintegrating the neurotoxic oligomers and fibrils into the normal functional α-Syn by inhibitors is a more efficient way for PD treatment. This work synthesized two series hybrids of polyphenolic acids and xanthone. The hybrids possess a sheet-like conjugated skeleton and higher binding energies with α-Syn residues. Some compounds present well α-Syn aggregation inhibitory activities in vitro (IC50 down to 2.58 µM). The inhibitory action goes throughout the aggregation process from lag to the stationary phase by stabilizing α-Syn proteostasis conformation and preventing ß-sheets aggregation. The candidate compounds with appropriate LogP values (2.02-3.11) present good disintegration abilities against the existed α-Syn oligomers and fibrils. The preliminary mechanism studies suggest that the inhibitors could quickly and randomly bind to the specific site closed to the ß-sheet domain in the fibril, resulting in unstable and collapse of the protein fibril, yielding a complex system with aggregates of different sizes and monomers.

4.
Int J Mol Sci ; 23(9)2022 Apr 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35563187

RESUMO

Alginate lyase has received extensive attention as an important tool for oligosaccharide preparation, pharmaceutical production, and energy biotransformation. Noncatalytic module carbohydrate-binding modules (CBM) have a major impact on the function of alginate lyases. Although the effects of two different families of CBMs on enzyme characteristics have been reported, the effect of two combined CBM32s on enzyme function has not been elucidated. Herein, we cloned and expressed a new multimodular alginate lyase, VxAly7C, from Vibrioxiamenensis QY104, consisting of two CBM32s at N-terminus and a polysaccharide lyase family 7 (PL7) at C-terminus. To explore the function of CBM32s in VxAly7C, full-length (VxAly7C-FL) and two truncated mutants, VxAly7C-TM1 (with the first CBM32 deleted) and VxAly7C-TM2 (with both CBM32s deleted), were characterized. The catalytic efficiency of recombinant VxAly7C-TM2 was 1.82 and 4.25 times higher than that of VxAly7C-TM1 and VxAly7C-FL, respectively, indicating that CBM32s had an antagonistic effect. However, CBM32s improved the temperature stability, the adaptability in an alkaline environment, and the preference for polyG. Moreover, CBM32s contributed to the production of tri- and tetrasaccharides, significantly affecting the end-product distribution. This study advances the understanding of module function and provides a reference for broader enzymatic applications and further enzymatic improvement and assembly.

5.
World J Clin Cases ; 10(8): 2559-2568, 2022 Mar 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35434076

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Isolated dislocations of the scaphoid are extremely rare types of injuries, commonly associated with severe ligament disruptions, and are occasionally misdiagnosed. Treatment options for dislocations of the scaphoid mainly include closed reduction, with or without internal fixation, and open reduction with ligament repair. CASE SUMMARY: A 59-year-old male worker sustained a twisting trauma of his right wrist, caused by a moving belt while he was operating a machine. When he presented at our emergency department, the patient complained of swelling, tenderness, and restriction of movement of the right wrist. Radiographs confirmed a primary complex partial radial dislocation of the scaphoid and some chip fractures of the capitate and hamate. Closed reduction with K-wire internal fixation was performed with the assistance of arthroscopy, and an excellent prognosis was achieved. CONCLUSION: Arthroscopy-assisted reduction is a minimally invasive method to reduce the dislocated scaphoid and maintain the blood supply.

6.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35399635

RESUMO

Premature ovarian insufficiency (POI) is defined as a decline in ovarian function before the age of 40 and is one of the leading causes of infertility in women. The etiology is complex, and the pathogenesis is not clear. The main treatment is hormone replacement therapy, but a growing body of data confirms that such treatment can increase the risk of endometrial disease and cardiovascular disease. Complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) has been widely used in patients with POI due to its limited adverse reactions and high efficiency. According to literature reports, CAM therapy for POI mainly includes traditional Chinese medicine, acupuncture, psychotherapy, dietary supplements, and exercise therapy. This article reviews the application of CAM in the treatment of POI and attempts to determine the therapeutic effects and the mechanisms behind these effects based on existing clinical and experimental studies in order to provide theoretical support for the treatment of POI.

7.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 14(18): 21605-21612, 2022 May 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35476411

RESUMO

Retroreflectors that can accurately redirect the incident waves in free space back along their original channels provide unprecedented opportunities for light manipulation. However, to the best of our knowledge, they suffer from either the bulky size, narrow angular bandwidths, or time-consuming postprocessing, which essentially limits their further applications. Here, a scheme for designing ultrathin all-angle real-time retroreflectors based on hyperbolic plasmonic metasurfaces is proposed and experimentally demonstrated. The physical mechanism underlying the scheme is the orthogonality between the traveling waves in free space and the canalized spoof surface plasmon on the hyperbolic plasmonic metasurfaces, which guarantee their high-efficiency and all-angle mutual conversion. In this case, the strong confinement characteristic that benefited from the enhanced light-matter interaction enables us to route and retroreflect the canalized spoof surface plasmon with extremely thin structures. As proof of the scheme, a retroreflector prototype with a thickness approximately equal to the central wavelength is designed and fabricated. Further experimental investigation obtains a half-power field of view up to 53° and a maximum efficiency of 83.2%. This scheme can find promising applications in target detection, remote sensing, and diverse on-chip light control devices.

8.
Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol ; : 101161ATVBAHA122317711, 2022 Apr 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35477278

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Arteriogenesis plays a critical role in maintaining adequate tissue blood supply and is related to a favorable prognosis in arterial occlusive diseases. Strategies aimed at promoting arteriogenesis have thus far not been successful because the factors involved in arteriogenesis remain incompletely understood. Previous studies suggest that evolutionarily conserved KANK4 (KN motif and ankyrin repeat domain-containing proteins 4) might involve in vertebrate vessel development. However, how the KANK4 regulates vessel function remains unknown. We aim to determine the role of endothelial cell-specifically expressed KANK4 in arteriogenesis. METHODS: The role of KANK4 in regulating arteriogenesis was evaluated using Kank4-/- and KANK4iECOE mice. Molecular mechanisms underlying KANK4-potentiated arteriogenesis were investigated by employing RNA transcriptomic profiling and mass spectrometry analysis. RESULTS: By analyzing Kank4-EGFP reporter mice, we showed that KANK4 was specifically expressed in endothelial cells. In particular, KANK4 displayed a dynamic expression pattern from being ubiquitously expressed in all endothelial cells of the developing vasculature to being explicitly expressed in the endothelial cells of arterioles and arteries in matured vessels. In vitro microfluidic chip-based vascular morphology analysis and in vivo hindlimb ischemia assays using Kank4-/- and KANK4iECOE mice demonstrated that deletion of KANK4 impaired collateral artery growth and the recovery of blood perfusion, whereas KANK4 overexpression leads to increased vessel caliber and blood perfusion. Bulk RNA sequencing and Co-immunoprecipitation/mass spectrometry (Co-IP/MS) analysis identified that KANK4 promoted EC proliferation and collateral artery remodeling through coupling VEGFR2 (vascular endothelial growth factor receptor 2) to TALIN-1, which augmented the activation of the VEGFR2 signaling cascade. CONCLUSIONS: This study reveals a novel role for KANK4 in arteriogenesis in response to ischemia. KANK4 links VEGFR2 to TALIN-1, resulting in enhanced VEGFR2 activation and increased EC proliferation, highlighting that KANK4 is a potential therapeutic target for promoting arteriogenesis for arterial occlusive diseases.

9.
Nanomaterials (Basel) ; 12(7)2022 Mar 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35407238

RESUMO

Thin-Film Thermocouples (TFTCs) are characterized by their high spatial resolutions, low cost, high efficiency and low interference on the air flow. However, the thermal stability of TFTCs should be further improved for application since their accuracy is influenced by joule heat and temperature time drift. In this paper, 3D molecular dynamics and finite element analysis are used for structural design. The effects of RF magnetron sputtering power and gas flow rate on conductivity and temperature time drift rate (DT) of high thermal stability tungsten-rhenium (95% W/5% Re vs. 74% W/26% Re) TFTCs were analyzed. According to the experimental results, the average Seebeck coefficient reached 31.1 µV/°C at 900 °C temperature difference (hot junction 1040 °C) with a repeatability error at ±1.37% in 33 h. The conductivity is 17.1 S/m, which is approximately 15.2 times larger than the compared tungsten-rhenium sample we presented, and the DT is 0.92 °C/h (1040 °C for 5 h), which is 9.5% of the old type we presented and 4.5% of compared ITO sample. The lumped capacity method test shows that the response time is 11.5 ms at 300 °C. This indicated an important significance in real-time temperature measurement for narrow spaces, such as the aero-engine combustion chamber.

10.
J Healthc Eng ; 2022: 6169150, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35313512

RESUMO

Competitive aerobics has emerged as a highly competitive sport beyond its own physical limit. Modern competitive aerobics competition is very fierce; athletes cannot only rely on a specific competitive skill to achieve good results. Protein is the physical basis of life activity. The life activity of human body is closely related to protein, and protein is closely related to human exercise ability. This article aims to study protein metabolism and demand of aerobics athletes during training based on multisensor data fusion. A total of 26 female aerobics athletes were randomly divided into two groups: exercise group and exercise + nutrition group. According to the characteristics of human motion, a comprehensive measurement acquisition sensor system for collecting human motion information is designed and implemented, and the system is used to monitor the subject's protein condition in real time. The subjects took protein nutrient solution before breakfast every day. The dynamic recognition algorithm designed in this paper also has shortcomings, and the monitoring protein method based on gait and other signs is not completely correct. The experiment lasted for 7 weeks. The results showed that the level of serum transferrin receptor decreased significantly in the quiet + nutrition group for 4 weeks, which was significantly different from that at 0 and 3 weeks in the same group (P < 0.01) and was significantly different from that in the same group at 7 weeks (P < 0.05). In the exercise group, the level of serum transferrin receptor increased significantly at 5 weeks, compared with the same group at 0 and 3 weeks (P < 0.05).


Assuntos
Atletas , Esportes , Algoritmos , Exercício Físico , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Receptores da Transferrina
11.
J Cancer ; 13(4): 1145-1159, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35281862

RESUMO

Colon adenocarcinoma (COAD) is the most common histologic subtype of colorectal cancer (CRC), and its prognosis is poor. Unlike traditional research in molecular biology, which is limited to analyzing the function of a single gene or protein in malignant tumors. The Weighted gene correlation network analysis (WGCNA) technique is used to describe the gene association model among different samples in order to identify highly collaborative genes. In this study, a computational strategy was used to conduct a systematic study of prognosis-related genes (PRGs) of COAD from the TCGA database. PRGs were subsequently used for WGCNA, which included 379 COAD patient expression profiles and 39 controls. As a consequence, nine gene modules were built. Among these, the brown module had not only a negative relationship with COAD, but also simultaneously in inverse relationship with the clinical stage, stage T, stage M and stage N. C4orf19, which was identified as one of the DEG and hub genes in the brown module by calculating modular connectivity, has a negative correlation with the clinical stage and TMN stage. In addition, the downward-regulated C4orf19 protein was detected in COAD clinical specimens. Finally, in vitro experiments have confirmed that regulated C4orf19 can promote COAD cell proliferation, invasion and migration, and the biological mechanism of C4orf19 perhaps by influencing the nitrogen metabolic pathway.

12.
Foods ; 11(6)2022 Mar 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35327257

RESUMO

Grain drying is a complex heat and mass transfer process, which has the characteristics of a significant delay, multidisturbance, nonlinearity, strong coupling, and parameter uncertainty. Artificial intelligence (AI) control technology is suitable for solving such complex control problems. In this paper, the mechanism and data dual-drive with equivalent accumulated temperature (EAT) mutual-window AI-control method for continuous grain drying were proposed, and a control system was established. The experimental verification was carried out on the test platform of continuous grain drying. The results show that the method has the ability of implicit prediction, high accuracy, strong stability and self-adaptive ability, and the maximum control deviation of moisture at the outlet of the dryer is -0.58-0.3%.

13.
Neurol Res ; : 1-5, 2022 Mar 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35262469

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Our objective in this study was to summarize our 15-year experience treating carpal tunnel syndrome released with Chow technique, focusing on the complications and how to avoid them. METHOD: We systematically evaluated the postoperative complications in 211 patients who underwent endoscopic carpal tunnel release (ECTR) with Chow technique. We recorded the incidence of complex regional pain syndrome type I (CRPS I), median nerve and digital nerve injury, superficial palmar arch injury, and tendon injury. RESULT: The overall incidence of complications was 5.6%, and involved 10 cases of CRPS I, 1 case of median nerve trunk injury, and 1 case of superficial palmar arch injury. No other complication occurred. We used oral pregabalin and neurotropin to relieve CRPS I symptoms, and performed second operations for the other two complications. CONCLUSIONS: Our study revealed that ECTR could reduce structural and cutaneous complications, but increase the incidence of nerve injury. we speculated that the incidence of CRPS I may be higher in the Asian population.

14.
Genes Genomics ; 2022 Mar 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35235174

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cleidocranial dysplasia (CCD) is a rare genetic disorder affecting bone and cartilage development. Clinical features of CCD comprise short stature, delayed ossification of craniofacial structures with numerous Wormian bones, underdeveloped or aplastic clavicles and multiple dental anomalies. Several studies have revealed that CCD development is strongly linked with different mutations in runt-related transcription factor 2 (RUNX2) gene. OBJECTIVE: Identification and functional characterization of RUNX2 mutation associated with CCD. METHODS: We performed genetic testing of a patient with CCD using whole exome sequencing and found a novel RUNX2 frameshift mutation: c.1550delT in a sporadic case. We also compared the functional activity of the mutant and wild-type RUNX2 through immunofluorescence microscopy and osteocalcin promoter luciferase assay. RESULTS: We found a novel RUNX2 frameshift mutation, c.1550delT (p.Trp518Glyfs*60). Both mutant RUNX2 and wild-type RUNX2 protein were similarly confined in the nuclei. The novel mutation caused abrogative transactivation activity of RUNX2 on osteocalcin promoter. CONCLUSIONS: We explored a novel RUNX2 deletion/frameshift mutation in a sporadic CCD patient. This finding suggests that the VWRPY domain may play a key role in RUNX2 transactivation ability.

15.
Wei Sheng Yan Jiu ; 51(1): 74-79, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35341497

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore the differences of health hazards between acetylenogen dust as two different occupational hazards of "particles not otherwise regulated" and "calcium carbide". METHODS: A calcium carbide production enterprise in northwest China was selected. The occupational health survey was used to obtain the spatial distribution and population distribution of calcium carbide dust. Occupational health testing was performed to determine the time-weighted average exposure concentration(C_(TWA)) and excursion limits of calcium carbide dust in the workplace and the main exposure positions. The Singapore semi-quantitative risk matrix was used for occupational risk assessment. The "Classification of Occupational Disease Hazards in the Workplace Part 1: Productive Dust"(GBZ/T 229.1-2010) was used for the operation classification. The calcium carbide dust was regarded as two different occupational hazards: "particles not otherwise regulated" and "calcium carbide", the differences of health hazards between which were compared. PC-TWA of calcium carbide was performed at 2.28 mg/m~3. The heat amount of CaC_2 and CaO released after reacting with water was compared by using Hess' s law, and the reaction rates of the two reactions are compared. RESULTS: The concentrations of calcium carbide dust in the workplace of belt inspection position and the calcium carbide crusher was higher(14.3-15.7 mg/m~3), and the concentrations of the driver in the calcium carbide loader was higher(13.8 mg/m~3). The result of the risk assessment show that the health risks of calcium carbide dust in various positions are basically low risk. Only when the type of damage was "calcium carbide", the risk of the driver of calcium carbide loader increase to medium. The operation classification result show that the hazard classification of calcium carbide dust in each post is basically relatively harmless. Only the type of damage was "calcium carbide", the classification of the driver of the calcium carbide crusher loader increased to moderately hazardous operations. As for the "calcium carbide", the operation classification index of calcium carbide were higher than that of "particles not otherwise regulated". CaC_2 reacting with water released more heat than that of equal amount CaO. CONCLUSION: In the current production process of calcium carbide dust, except for the crushing section, its occupational health risk was low, but the health risk level of calcium carbide as "calcium carbide" was higher, indicating that the evaluation of calcium carbide dust as "particles not otherwise regulated" may underestimate its occupational hazard.


Assuntos
Doenças Profissionais , Exposição Ocupacional , Saúde do Trabalhador , Poeira , Humanos , Exposição Ocupacional/efeitos adversos , Medição de Risco/métodos
16.
Mar Drugs ; 20(3)2022 Feb 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35323467

RESUMO

Marine macroalgae, contributing much to the bioeconomy, have inspired tremendous attention as sustainable raw materials. Ulvan, as one of the main structural components of green algae cell walls, can be degraded by ulvan lyase through the ß-elimination mechanism to obtain oligosaccharides exhibiting several good physiological activities. Only a few ulvan lyases have been characterized until now. This thesis explores the properties of a new polysaccharide lyase family 25 ulvan lyase TsUly25B from the marine bacterium Thalassomonas sp. LD5. Its protein molecular weight was 54.54 KDa, and it was most active under the conditions of 60 °C and pH 9.0. The Km and kcat values were 1.01 ± 0.05 mg/mL and 10.52 ± 0.28 s-1, respectively. TsUly25B was salt-tolerant and NaCl can significantly improve its thermal stability. Over 80% of activity can be preserved after being incubated at 30 °C for two days when the concentration of NaCl in the solution is above 1 M, while 60% can be preserved after incubation at 40 °C for 10 h with 2 M NaCl. TsUly25B adopted an endolytic manner to degrade ulvan polysaccharides, and the main end-products were unsaturated ulvan disaccharides and tetrasaccharides. In conclusion, our research enriches the ulvan lyase library and advances the utilization of ulvan lyases in further fundamental research as well as ulvan oligosaccharides production.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Bactérias , Gammaproteobacteria/enzimologia , Polissacarídeo-Liases , Polissacarídeos/química , Sequência de Aminoácidos , Proteínas de Bactérias/química , Proteínas de Bactérias/genética , Proteínas de Bactérias/isolamento & purificação , Escherichia coli/genética , Gammaproteobacteria/genética , Conformação Molecular , Filogenia , Polissacarídeo-Liases/química , Polissacarídeo-Liases/genética , Polissacarídeo-Liases/isolamento & purificação , Proteínas Recombinantes/química , Cloreto de Sódio/química
17.
Mol Clin Oncol ; 16(3): 62, 2022 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35154702

RESUMO

At present, minimally invasive surgery is one of the primary strategies for the treatment of malignant pulmonary tumors. Although, there are some comparative studies between microwave ablation and radiofrequency for the treatment of malignant pulmonary tumors, there are few studies that have investigated the comparison between microwave ablation and cryoablation. The aim of the study was to retrospectively compare the efficacy and complications of microwave ablation (MWA) and cryoablation in the treatment of malignant pulmonary tumors. A retrospective analysis was performed on 48 patients with malignant lung tumors treated with MWA or cryoablation in The Third Hospital of Mianyang and The Affiliated Hospital of North Sichuan Medical College between June 2014 and June 2018. Of these patients, 29 received MWA and 19 received cryoablation. Intraprocedural pain was evaluated by using the visual analog scale (VAS). The intraprocedural pain, response rates, overall survival (OS) and complications rates were compared between the MWA group and cryoablation group. The results showed that the patients in the MWA group experienced more pain than those in cryoablation group as the MWA group VAS scores were much higher than those in cryoablation group (P<0.001). The overall response rate of the MWA group [21/29 (72.41%)] was not significantly different from the cryoablation group [14/19 (73.68%)] (P=0.92). The 6-, 12-, 24- and 36-month OS rates in the MWA group and cryoablation group were 92.72, 81.28, 64.54 and 54.91%, and 94.07, 81.13, 57.33 and 43.04%, respectively. No significant differences were found in the OS rate between the two groups (P=0.79). The complication rates in the MWA and cryoablation groups were 34.48 and 36.84%, respectively; there was no significant difference between the two groups (P=0.59). No patients died during the perioperative period. Cryoablation had a similar therapeutic effect compared with MWA in the treatment of pulmonary malignant tumors, but was associated with less pain.

18.
Org Biomol Chem ; 20(8): 1680-1689, 2022 02 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35134102

RESUMO

Direct metal-free deoxygenation of highly active allylic alcohols catalyzed by a Brønsted acid was achieved, which avoids tedious reaction steps and eliminates metal contamination. By examining a series of Brønsted acids, alcohols, reaction temperatures and so on, up to 94% yield was obtained with 10 mol% TsOH·H2O as the catalyst and 2 equiv. of p-methylbenzyl alcohol as the reductant at 80 °C for 2 h. The system was mainly suitable for aromatic allylic alcohols, and the yield was excellent as determined via gram-scale synthesis. The main product was double bond near the side of a more electron-rich aryl group when allylic alcohols featuring different substituents at the 1 and 3 positions were used as the substrates. Deuterium-labelled experiments clearly demonstrated that the hydrogen source was the methylene of p-methylbenzyl alcohol and other control experiments indicated the existence of two ether intermediates. Interestingly, in situ hydrogen transfer of allylic benzyl ether is a key process, but kinetic isotopic effect studies (kH/kD = 1.28) showed that the C-H bond cleavage was not the rate-determining step. A possible mechanism involving carbocations, ether intermediates and hydrogen transfer is proposed.

19.
Bioelectrochemistry ; 145: 108075, 2022 Jan 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35101800

RESUMO

Heart failure (HF) is a major public health problem trigged by a heart circulation disorder. Early detection and diagnosis are conducive to the prevention and treatment of HF. N-terminal B-type natriuretic peptide precursor (NT-proBNP) is considered to be a sensitive diagnostic biomarker of HF. In this study, we constructed a NT-proBNP sandwich electrochemical immunosensor by using electroplated gold nanoparticles (Au NPs) as the substrate and utilizing rough-surfaced trimetallic Au@PdPt nanozymes (Au@PdPt RTNs) as current signal amplification. The Au NPs as substrate material modified glassy carbon electrode (GCE) have excellent conductivity and biocompatibility, which not only accelerate electron transfer rate, but also improve the loading capacity of primary antibody (Ab1). Moreover, the Au@PdPt RTNs were synthesized by a one-pot method and used as the labels to bound with secondary antibodies (Ab2) via the Pt-N. The large specific surface area and excellent catalytic properties for H2O2 of Au@PdPt RTNs can effectively enhance the stability and sensitivity of the immunosensor. With the favorable cooperation of Au NPs and Au@PdPt RTNs, the constructed immunosensor exhibited a wide concentration range from 0.1 pg mL-1 to 100 ng mL-1 and a low detection limit of 0.046 pg mL-1. Furthermore, the accuracy of the analysis of NT-proBNP in diluted human serum samples was satisfactory. The results revealed the electrochemical immunosensor has a prospective application in clinical detection.

20.
Phytother Res ; 36(3): 1353-1371, 2022 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35112410

RESUMO

Cumulative evidence indicates that mitochondria dysfunction plays an important role in tumour treatment. Given the limited efficacy and toxicity of current mitochondria-targeted drugs, research into effective mitochondria-targeted anticancer agents remains an irresistible general trend. In this study, it was found that dehydrocrenatidine (DEC), a ß-carbolin alkaloid isolated from Picrasma quassiodes, displays a promising growth inhibitory effect in vitro and in vivo by inducing apoptosis of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) cells. Mechanistically, we provided that the possible target of DEC against HCC cells was determined by isobaric labels for relative and absolute quantification assay and validated them using further experiments. The results suggested that DEC can target and regulate the function of mitochondrial complexes I, III and IV, affecting oxidative phosphorylation and ultimately leading to mitochondrial dysfunction to exert its anti-HCC effects. In addition, the combination of DEC and sorafenib showed a synergistic effect and was also associated with mitochondrial dysfunction. Importantly, DEC did not show significant toxicity in mice. This study provided a new insight into underlying mechanisms in DEC-treated HCC cells, suggesting that DEC might be a mitochondrial targeting lead compound.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos , Carcinoma Hepatocelular , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Animais , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Apoptose , Carbolinas , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/tratamento farmacológico , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/patologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células , Neoplasias Hepáticas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , Camundongos , Mitocôndrias
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