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1.
J Cell Mol Med ; 2021 Oct 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34609072

RESUMO

Residue hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) cells enduring hypoxic environment triggered by interventional embolization obtain more malignant potential with little clarified mechanism. The N6 -methyladenosine (m6 A) biological activity plays essential roles in diverse physiological processes. However, its role under hypoxic condition remains largely unexplored. RT-qPCR and Western blot were used to evaluate METTL14 expression in hypoxic HCC cells. MDA assay and electronic microscopy photography were used to evaluate ferroptosis. The correlation between SLC7A11 and METTL14 was conducted by bioinformatical analysis. Flow cytometry was used to verify the effect of SLC7A11 on ROS production. Cell counting kit-8 assay was performed to detect cells proliferation ability. Hypoxia triggered suppression of METTL14 in a HIF-1α-dependent manner potently abrogated ferroptosis of HCC cells. Mechanistic investigation identified SLC7A11 was a direct target of METTL14. Both in vitro and in vivo assay demonstrated that METTL14 induced m6 A modification at 5'UTR of SLC7A11 mRNA, which in turn underwent degradation relied on the YTHDF2-dependent pathway. Importantly, ectopic expression of SLC7A11 strongly blocked METTL14-induced tumour-suppressive effect in hypoxic HCC. Our investigations lay the emphasis on the hypoxia-regulated ferroptosis in HCC cells and identify the HIF-1α /METTL14/YTHDF2/SLC7A11 axis as a potential therapeutic target for the HCC interventional embolization treatment.

2.
Talanta ; 235: 122751, 2021 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34517619

RESUMO

Developing a convenient and accurate method for the determination of acetaminophen (APAP) content is very vital, and ferrocene (Fc) based nanocomposites coupled with polyoxometalates (POMs) as electrochemical sensor is a promising approach to address the issues. Herein, a new ternary nanocomposite of Fc based carbon nanomaterials (Fc-rGO) with PMo12 (Fc-rGO/PMo12, rGFP-n) was successfully fabricated, and the electrochemical activities and APAP detection of rGFP-n as electro-active materials were systematically investigated, and results of the differential pulse voltammetry (DPV) and electro-active surface area (0.0332 cm2) show that rGFP-1 is an excellent electrochemical sensor for APAP, and the proportion of Fc in rGFP-n can affect the charge transfer between APAP and rGFP. Under the optimal experimental conditions, rGFP-1 can be used to detect APAP with the limit of detection (LOD) of 13.27 nM (S/N = 3), the sensitivity of 36.81µA⋅µM-1cm-2, and the detection range from 1×10-6 to 1×10-3M, meeting the lowest plasma concentration of APAP (1.3 mM).


Assuntos
Acetaminofen , Nanocompostos , Técnicas Eletroquímicas , Grafite , Metalocenos , Compostos de Tungstênio
3.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 17558, 2021 09 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34475445

RESUMO

Individuals with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) are clinically heterogeneous, with different risks of progression to Alzheimer's disease. Regular follow-up and examination may be time-consuming and costly, especially for MRI and PET. Therefore, it is necessary to identify a more precise MRI population. In this study, a two-stage screening frame was proposed for evaluating the predictive utility of additional MRI measurements among high-risk MCI subjects. In the first stage, the K-means cluster was performed for trajectory-template based on two clinical assessments. In the second stage, high-risk individuals were filtered out and imputed into prognosis models with varying strategies. As a result, the ADAS-13 was more sensitive for filtering out high-risk individuals among patients with MCI. The optimal model included a change rate of clinical assessments and three neuroimaging measurements and was significantly associated with a net reclassification improvement (NRI) of 0.246 (95% CI 0.021, 0.848) and integrated discrimination improvement (IDI) of 0.090 (95% CI - 0.062, 0.170). The ADAS-13 longitudinal models had the best discrimination performance (Optimism-corrected concordance index = 0.830), as validated by the bootstrap method. Considering the limited medical and financial resources, our findings recommend follow-up MRI examination 1 year after identification for high-risk individuals, while regular clinical assessments for low-risk individuals.

4.
Arch Virol ; 166(11): 3189-3192, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34524537

RESUMO

Porcine circovirus type 2 (PCV2) is the etiological agent of post-weaning multisystemic wasting syndrome (PMWS). The original prevalent genotype, PCV2a, has been replaced by genotypes 2b and 2d in the swine population worldwide. The Rep protein is critical for viral replication. Comparison of a large number of Rep protein amino acid (aa) sequences showed that three sites distinguish genotype 2b from genotype 2d. In order to analyze the effect of exchanging the amino acids (asparagine and serine) at position 6 in the Rep proteins of PCV2b and PCV2d, two wild-type and two mutant viruses were rescued. Real-time quantitative PCR and a one-step growth curve were used to determine the viral load to assess the replication ability of the rescued viruses. The results showed that there was no significant difference in in vitro performance between the wild-type PCV2b and the mutated virus, while the mutation of PCV2d enhanced viral replication.

5.
J Plast Surg Hand Surg ; : 1-12, 2021 Sep 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34550858

RESUMO

Heterogeneity in the anatomical definition of 'proximal' affects the comparison of outcomes of these scaphoid fractures. This study aims to review published outcomes of all variants to determine both, differences in terminology, and union rate based upon definition. A literature search was conducted to identify articles that reported descriptions and union rate of all acute (<8 weeks of injury) proximal scaphoid fractures in adult patients (>16 years old). Proximal fractures were grouped as reported ('third', 'pole', 'fifth' or 'undefined'). The data were pooled using a fixed-effects method, and a meta-analysis was conducted to compare relative risk (RR) of non-union against non-proximal fractures. Qualitative analysis of 12 articles included three main definitions: 'proximal' (1 article), 'proximal third' (3 articles), and 'proximal pole' (8 articles). Only 6 articles adopted a specific anatomical or ratio description. In a pooled meta-analysis of union rates (15 articles), 'proximal third' and 'proximal pole' fractures demonstrated a relative risk (RR) of non-union of 2.3 and 3.4 in comparison to non-proximal fractures, respectively. Operative management yielded lower non-union rates than non-operative for all fracture types (6% vs. 18%). In conclusion, non-union risk varies depending on definition, with non-standardised classifications adding heterogeneity to reported outcomes. We recommend an approach utilizing fixed anatomical landmarks on plain radiographs (referencing scaphoid length and scapho-capitate joint) to standardise reporting of proximal fracture union in future studies. Abbreviations: CI: confidence intervals; CT: computer tomography; Df: degrees of freedom; DL: dersimonian and laird estimator; MRI: magnetic resonance imaging; NICE: national institute for health and care excellence; OTA: orthopaedic trauma association; PA: posterior-anterior; PRISMA: preferred reporting items for systematic reviews and meta analyses; RCT: randomised controlled trial; RR: relative risk; SNAC: scaphoid non-union advanced collapse; UK: United Kingdom.

6.
PLoS One ; 16(8): e0255230, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34351969

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Hyperbilirubinemia is a devastating complication in patients admitted to an intensive care unit (ICU). The sequential organ failure assessment (SOFA) score classifies hyperbilirubinemia without further detailed analyses for bilirubin increase above 12 mg/dL. We evaluated whether the level of bilirubin increase in patients with extreme hyperbilirubinemia (total bilirubin ≥ 12 mg/dL) affects and also helps estimate mortality or recovery. METHODS: A retrospective cohort analysis comprising 427 patients with extreme hyperbilirubinemia admitted to the ICU of Samsung Medical Center, Seoul, Korea between 2011 and 2015 was conducted. Extreme hyperbilirubinemia was classified into four grades: grade 1 (12-14.9 mg/dL), grade 2 (15-19.9 mg/dL), grade 3 (20-29.9 mg/dL), and grade 4 (≥ 30 mg/dL). These grades were then assessed for their association with hospital mortality and recovery from hyperbilirubinemia to SOFA grade (point) 2 or below (total bilirubin < 6 mg/dL). The influences of various factors, some of which caused extreme hyperbilirubinemia, while others induced bilirubin recovery, were assessed. RESULTS: A total of 427 patients (mean age: 59.8 years, male: 67.0%) were evaluated, and the hospital mortality for these patients was very high (76.1%). Extreme hyperbilirubinemia was observed in 111 (grade 1, 26.0%), 99 (grade 2, 23.2%), 131 (grade3, 30.7%), and 86 (grade 4, 20.1%) patients with mortality rates of 62.2%, 71.7%, 81.7%, and 90.7%, respectively (p < 0.001). The peak bilirubin value correlated with the mortality (odds ratio [OR], 1.09; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.04-1.15, p < 0.001). Compared to those with grade 1 extreme hyperbilirubinemia, the mortality rate gradually increased as the grade increased (OR [95% CI]: 1.92 [0.70-5.28], 3.55 [1.33-9.48], and 12.47 [3.07-50.59] for grades 2, 3 and 4, respectively). The main causes of extreme hyperbilirubinemia were infection including sepsis and hypoxic hepatitis. The recovery from hyperbilirubinemia was observed in 110 (25.8%) patients. Mortality was lower for those who recovered from hyperbilirubinemia than for those who did not (29.1% vs. 92.4%, p < 0.001). The favorable factors of bilirubin recovery were albumin and ursodeoxycholic acid (UDCA). CONCLUSIONS: This study determined that the level of extreme hyperbilirubinemia is an important prognostic factor in critically ill patients. We expect the results of this study to help predict the clinical course of and determine the optimal treatment for extreme hyperbilirubinemia.

7.
Anal Bioanal Chem ; 413(21): 5309-5320, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34263347

RESUMO

Although many satisfactory studies have been developed for biomolecule detection, the complexity of biofluids still poses a major challenge to improve the performance of nanomaterials as electrochemical sensors. Herein, unprecedented polyoxometalate-based metal-organic frameworks (POMOFs) with 8-fold meso-helical feature, [Ag5(trz)4]2[PMo12O40] (PAZ), were synthesized and explored as electrochemical sensors to detect dopamine (DA). To improve the conductivity of PAZ and the binding ability with single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs), the nanocomposite of carboxyl functionalized SWCNTs (SWCNTs-COOH) with nano-PAZ (NPAZ), NPAZ@SWCNTs-COOH, was fabricated, and transmission electron microscopy (TEM) shows that NPAZ can interact stably and uniformly with SWCNTs-COOH, owing to more defect sites on the surface of SWCNTs-COOH. The electrochemical result of NPAZ@SWCNTs-COOH/GCE towards detecting DA shows that the linear range was from 0.05 to 100 µM with a detection limit (LOD) of 8.6 nM (S/N = 3). A new electrochemical biosensing platform by combining 8-fold helical POMOFs with SWCNTs-COOH was developed for enhancing detection of dopamine for the first time, exhibiting the lowest detection limit to date.

8.
Endocr Connect ; 2021 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34319906

RESUMO

Insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF1),also known as somatomedin C, is essential for the regulation of animal growth and development. In many species, the IGF1 gene can be alternatively spliced into multiple transcripts, encoding different pre-pro-IGF1 proteins. However, the exact alternative splicing patterns of IGF1 and the sequence information of different splice variants in sheep are still unclear. In this study, four splice variants (class 1-Ea, class 1-Eb, class 2-Ea, and class 2-Eb) were obtained, but no IGF1 Ec, similar to that found in other species, was discovered. Bioinformatics analysis showed that the four splice variants shared the same mature peptide (70 amino acids) and possessed distinct signal peptides and E peptides. Tissue expression analysis indicated that the four splice variants were broadly expressed in all tested tissues and were most abundantly expressed in the liver. In most tissues and stages, the expression of class 1-Ea was highest, and the expression of other splice variants was low. Overall, levels of the four IGF1 splice variants at the fetal and lamb stages were higher than those at the adult stage. Overexpression of the four splice variants significantly increased fibroblast proliferation and inhibited apoptosis (P < 0.05). In contrast, silencing IGF1 Ea or IGF1 Eb with siRNA significantly inhibited proliferation and promoted apoptosis (P < 0.05). Among the four splice variants, class 1-Ea had a more evident effect on cell proliferation and apoptosis. In summary, the four ovine IGF1 splice variants have different structures and expression patterns and might have different biological functions.

9.
Dalton Trans ; 2021 Jul 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34232237

RESUMO

Six Cu(i) complexes, [Cu(2,3-f)(bdppmapy)]BF4 (1), [Cu(2,3-f)(bdppmapy)]ClO4 (2), [Cu(2,3-f)(bdppmapy)]CF3SO3 (3), [Cu(imidazo[4,5-f])(bdppmapy)]BF4 (4), [Cu(imidazo[4,5-f])(bdppmapy)]ClO4 (5), and [Cu(imidazo[4,5-f])(bdppmapy)]CF3SO3·MeOH (6·MeOH) (bdppmapy = N,N-bis[(diphenylphosphino)methyl]-2-pyridinamine, 2,3-f = pyrazine[2,3-f][1,10]-phenanthroline, and imidazo[4,5-f] = 1H-imidazo[4,5-f][1,10]-phenanthroline), have been synthesized to explore the effects of counteranions on their crystal structures, photophysical properties, and terahertz (THz) spectra. Time-dependent density functional theory (TD-DFT) shows that the luminescence performance of these complexes is attributed to the metal-to-ligand charge transfer (MLCT) in combination with ligand-to-ligand charge transfer (LLCT). In complexes 1-3, the characteristic peak at 1.4 THz is mainly related to the C-Hπ interaction formed by the H atom on the 4#/5# position of 2,3-f and the benzene ring from the bdppmapy on the adjacent asymmetric unit. The common C-Hπ interaction enhances the rigidity of the structure and has non-negligible influence on the photoluminescence quantum yields (PLQYs): the stronger the C-Hπ interaction is, the higher the quantum yield (QY) is. In complexes 4-6, similar absorption peaks (1.10-1.30 THz) are mainly related to the C-Hπ interactions, and strong absorption peaks (1.50-1.90 THz) are affected by the typical hydrogen bonds N-HF/O and O-HO. These results show that some weak interactions can be characterized by THz time-domain spectroscopy (THz-TDS). So, the THz spectroscopy method would make it possible to tune some of the weak interactions in complex structures to regulate the luminescence of materials.

10.
Int J Immunopathol Pharmacol ; 35: 20587384211031417, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34240649

RESUMO

Hyperglycemia-induced oxidative stress plays important roles in the development of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), which is a common complication in diabetic patients. The Nrf2-Keap1 pathway is important for cell antioxidant protection, while its role in exogenous antioxidant mediated protection against NAFLD is unclear. We thus, postulated that antioxidant treatment with allopurinol (ALP) may attenuate diabetic liver injury and explored the underlying mechanisms. Control (C) and streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetes rats (D) were untreated or treated with ALP for 4 weeks starting at 1 week after diabetes induction. Serum levels of alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate transaminase (AST), production of lipid peroxidation product malondialdehyde (MDA), and serum superoxide dismutase (SOD) were detected. Liver protein expressions of cleaved-caspase 3, IL-1ß, nuclear factor-erythroid-2-related factor-2 (Nrf2), heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1), P62, Kelch-like ECH-associated protein 1 (Keap1), and LC3 were analyzed. In vitro, cultured rat normal hepatocytes BRL-3A were grouped to normal glucose (5.5 mM, NG) or high glucose (25 mM, HG) and treated with or without allopurinol (100 µM) for 48 h. Rats in the D group demonstrated liver injury evidenced as increased serum levels of ALT and AST. Diabetes increased apoptotic cell death, enhanced liver protein expressions of cleaved-caspase 3 and IL-1ß with concomitantly increased production of MDA while serum SOD content was significantly reduced (all P < 0.05 vs C). In the meantime, protein levels of Nrf2, HO-1, and P62 were reduced while Keap1 and LC3 were increased in the untreated D group as compared to control (P < 0.05 vs C). And all the above alterations were significantly attenuated by ALP. Similar to our findings obtained from in vivo study, we got the same results in in vitro experiments. It is concluded that ALP activates the Nrf2/p62 pathway to ameliorate oxidative stress and liver injury in diabetic rats.

11.
J Asian Nat Prod Res ; : 1-8, 2021 Jun 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34092159

RESUMO

Three new sesquiterpene polyol ester compounds angulatins S-U, together with three known compounds were isolated from Celastrus angulatus Maxim. According to mainly 1D NMR and 2D NMR analysis, the structures of the new compounds were completely determined as angulatin S (1ß-furoyloxy-2ß,8α-diisobutanoyloxy-9ß-benzoyloxy-15-acetoxy-4α,6α-dihydroxy-ß-dihydroagarofuran), angulatin T (1ß,2ß,6α-triacetoxy-8ß,15-diisobutanoyloxy-9α-benzoyloxy-ß-dihydroagrofuran), and angulatin U (1ß,6α,15-triacetoxy-8ß-isobutanoyloxy-9α-benzoyloxy-ß-dihydroagarofuran).

12.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; 220: 112407, 2021 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34119926

RESUMO

2,4,6-trinitrotoluene (TNT) and cobalt (Co) contaminants have posed a severe environmental problem in many countries. Phytoremediation is an environmentally friendly technology for the remediation of these contaminants. However, the toxicity of TNT and cobalt limit the efficacy of phytoremediation application. The present research showed that expressing the Acidithiobacillus ferrooxidans single-strand DNA-binding protein gene (AfSSB) can improve the tolerance of Arabidopsis and tall fescue to TNT and cobalt. Compared to control plants, the AfSSB transformed Arabidopsis and tall fescue exhibited enhanced phytoremediation of TNT and cobalt separately contaminated soil and co-contaminated soil. The comet analysis revealed that the AfSSB transformed Arabidopsis suffer reduced DNA damage than control plants under TNT or cobalt exposure. In addition, the proteomic analysis revealed that AfSSB improves TNT and cobalt tolerance by strengthening the reactive superoxide (ROS) scavenging system and the detoxification system. Results presented here serve as strong theoretical support for the phytoremediation potential of organic and metal pollutants mediated by single-strand DNA-binding protein genes. SUMMARIZES: This is the first report that AfSSB enhances phytoremediation of 2,4,6-trinitrotoluene and cobalt separately contaminated and co-contaminated soil.


Assuntos
Cobalto/metabolismo , Proteínas de Ligação a DNA/metabolismo , Plantas Geneticamente Modificadas/metabolismo , Poluentes do Solo/metabolismo , Trinitrotolueno/metabolismo , Acidithiobacillus/genética , Arabidopsis/genética , Arabidopsis/metabolismo , Biodegradação Ambiental , Proteínas de Ligação a DNA/genética , Lolium/genética , Lolium/metabolismo , Plantas Geneticamente Modificadas/genética , Proteômica
14.
Yi Chuan ; 43(5): 459-472, 2021 May 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33972216

RESUMO

Zi Cao is an important traditional medicinal plant resource in China. Shikonin and its derivatives, as the purple-red naphthoquinones among natural products of its roots, are commonly used clinically in the treatment of sores and skin inflammations. Over the past few decades, due to their highly effective multiple biological activities, pharmacological effects, good clinical efficacy and high utilization value, shikonin and its derivatives have attracted increasing attention of domestic and foreign researchers. For this reason, the wild plant germplasm resources have been suffering a grievous exploitation, leading to a serious threat to the habitat. With the development of the biosynthesis, molecular metabolism and biotechnology, as well as the continuous innovation of research methods on the biological activities and pharmacological effects of plant natural products, significant progress has been made in the research on the biosynthetic pathways and related regulatory genes of shikonin. The pharmacological action and its mechanism of shikonin have also been deeply elucidated, which greatly promoted the basic research and clinical application development of shikonin. In this review, we briefly introduce and analyze the classification of Zi Cao, structure and composition of natural shikonin and its biosynthesis pathway, functional genes related to the regulation of shikonin biosynthesis, and biological activities and pharmacological functions of shikonin. Finally, we address possible prospective for the trend on the future research and development of natural shikonin and its derivatives, hoping to provide a useful reference for the deep mining and development of medicinal natural products from important Chinese medicinal materials, and to promote the modern development of traditional Chinese medicine.


Assuntos
Produtos Biológicos , Plantas Medicinais , China , Raízes de Plantas , Estudos Prospectivos
15.
Yi Chuan ; 43(5): 487-500, 2021 May 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33972218

RESUMO

Low pH with aluminum (Al) toxicity are the main limiting factors affecting crop production in acidic soil. Selection of legume crops with acid tolerance and nitrogen-fixation ability should be one of the effective measures to improve soil quality and promote agricultural production. The role of the rhizosphere microorganisms in this process has raised concerns among the research community. In this study, BX10 (Al-tolerant soybean) and BD2 (Al-sensitive soybean) were selected as plant materials. Acidic soil was used as growth medium. The soil layers from the outside to the inside of the root are bulk soil (BS), rhizosphere soil at two sides (SRH), rhizosphere soil after brushing (BRH) and rhizosphere soil after washing (WRH), respectively. High-throughput sequencing of 16S rDNA amplicons of the V4 region using the Illumina MiSeq platform was performed to compare the differences of structure, function and molecular genetic diversity of rhizosphere bacterial community of different genotypes of soybean. The results showed that there was no significant difference in alpha diversity and beta diversity in rhizosphere bacterial community among the treatments. PCA and PCoA analysis showed that BRH and WRH had similar species composition, while BS and SRH also had similar species composition, which indicated that plant mainly affected the rhizosphere bacterial community on sampling compartments BRH and WRH. The composition and abundance of rhizosphere bacterial community among the treatments were then compared at different taxonomic levels. The ternary diagram of phylum level showed that Cyanobacteria were enriched in WRH. Statistical analysis showed that the roots of Al-tolerant soybean BX10 had an enrichment effect on plant growth promoting rhizobacteria (PGPR), which included Cyanobacteria, Bacteroides, Proteobacteria and some genera and species related to the function of nitrogen fixation and aluminum tolerance. The rhizosphere bacterial community from different sampling compartments of the same genotype soybean also were selectively enriched in different PGPR. In addition, the functional prediction analysis showed that there was no significant difference in the classification and abundance of COG (clusters of orthologous groups of proteins) function among different treatments. Several COGs might be directly related to nitrogen fixation, including COG0347, COG1348, COG1433, COG2710, COG3870, COG4656, COG5420, COG5456 and COG5554. Al-sensitive soybean BD2 was more likely to be enriched in these COGs than BX10 in BRH and WRH, and the possible reason remains to be further investigated in the future.


Assuntos
Rizosfera , Solo , Alumínio , Raízes de Plantas , Microbiologia do Solo , Soja
16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34014826

RESUMO

Using "human-in-the-loop" (HIL) optimization can obtain suitable exoskeleton assistance patterns to improve walking economy. However, there are differences in these patterns under different gait conditions, and currently most HIL optimizations use metabolic cost, which requires long periods to be estimated for each control law, as the physiological objective to minimize. We aimed to construct a muscle-activity-based cost function and to find the appropriate initial assistance patterns in HIL optimization of multi-gait ankle exoskeleton assistance. One healthy subject walked assisted by an ankle exoskeleton under nine gait conditions and each condition was the combination of different walking speeds, ground slopes and load weights. Ten assistance patterns were provided for the subject under each gait condition. Then we constructed a cost function based on surface electromyography signals of four lower leg muscles and select the muscle weight combination by using particle swarm optimization algorithm to compose the cost function with maximum differences between different assistance patterns. The mean weights of medial gastrocnemius, lateral gastrocnemius, soleus and tibialis anterior activity under all gait conditions are 0.153, 0.104, 0.953 and 0.145, respectively. Then we verified the effectiveness of this cost function by optimization and validation experiments conducted on four subjects. Our results are expected to guide the selection of muscle-activity-based cost functions and improve the time efficiency of HIL optimization.


Assuntos
Exoesqueleto Energizado , Robótica , Algoritmos , Tornozelo , Articulação do Tornozelo , Fenômenos Biomecânicos , Eletromiografia , Marcha , Humanos , Músculo Esquelético , Caminhada
17.
Hua Xi Kou Qiang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 39(3): 328-335, 2021 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês, Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34041883

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The effect of isoprenylcysteine carboxymethyltransferase (ICMT) silencing on the migration and invasion of tongue squamous cell carcinoma was investigated by constructing the small interfering RNA (siRNA) of ICMT. METHODS: Through liposomal transfection, siRNA was transfected into human tongue squamous cell carcinoma CAL-27 and SCC-4 cells (ICMT-siRNA group) with a negative control group (transfected with NC-siRNA) and a blank control group (transfected with a transfection reagent but not with siRNA). Quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction was performed to analyze the mRNA expression of ICMT and RhoA in each group of cells after transfection and to measure the silencing efficiency. Western blot was applied to examine the expression levels of ICMT, total RhoA, membrane RhoA, ROCK1, matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-2, and MMP-9 proteins in each group. The migration and invasion abilities were evaluated via wound healing and Transwell motility assays. RESULTS: After CAL-27 and SCC-4 cells were transfected with ICMT-siRNA, the expression levels of ICMT genes and proteins decreased significantly in the experimental group compared with those in the negative and blank control groups (P<0.05). The mRNA and total protein expression levels of RhoA in the two groups were not significantly different (P>0.05). The expression levels of RhoA membrane protein, ROCK1, MMP-2, and MMP-9 decreased (P<0.05). The migration and invasion abilities were inhibited (P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: The migration and invasion abilities of CAL-27 and SCC-4 cells were reduced significantly after the transfection of ICMT-siRNA, and the involved mechanism might be related to the RhoA-ROCK signaling pathway.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células Escamosas , Neoplasias da Língua , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular , Proliferação de Células , Humanos , Invasividade Neoplásica , Proteínas Metiltransferases , RNA Interferente Pequeno , Língua , Transfecção , Quinases Associadas a rho
18.
Foot Ankle Int ; 42(9): 1162-1170, 2021 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33899531

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Several studies have reported on potential negative predictive factors of functional outcomes after ankle fracture fixation. However, there is minimal patient-reported data on long-term outcomes. This study aimed to evaluate potential risk factors leading to a poor patient-reported functional outcome at 2 and 5 years following ankle fracture fixation. METHODS: We conducted a prospective cohort study over a 5-year period on patients undergoing open reduction and internal fixation for unstable ankle fractures. Patient demographics, medical comorbidities, fracture pattern, and fixation quality were recorded and analyzed. Patients were followed up at 2 and 5 years. Data collected include the Olerud-Molander Ankle Score (OMAS), Lower Extremity Functional Scale (LEFS), ongoing issues, and the need for further intervention. A P value <.05 was considered statistically significant. RESULTS: Out of 180 patients, follow-up data were available for 82 (46%) patients at 2 years and 94 (52%) patients at 5 years. At 2 years, age ≥60 years was a predictor of worse LEFS, while a body mass index ≥30 was a predictor of worse OMAS. Severely deformed ankle at presentation showed worse OMAS and LEFS score. However, these predictive factors were not significant at 5 years. An anatomically reduced ankle fracture fixation was more likely to have a better functional outcome at the 2- and 5-year follow-ups. A reduction in OMAS at 2 years was predictive of possible ongoing issues following surgery, which in turn increased the odds of worsening OMAS at 5 years. CONCLUSION: Achieving adequate fracture reduction during fixation is crucial for better ankle functional recovery postinjury. In this cohort, we found that patients who undergo ankle fracture fixation will have an ongoing negative impact on their functional and physical capacity at both 2 and 5 years postoperatively. Appropriate patient counseling is necessary to prepare them for the expected functional outcomes. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level II, prognostic.

19.
Mol Phylogenet Evol ; 161: 107168, 2021 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33798671

RESUMO

In some cases, the phylogenetic analysis based on the mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) and the nuclear DNA (ncDNA) are discordant. There are three major causes of the discordance within insects, including hybridization, incomplete lineage sorting (ILS) and infection by Wolbachia. In this study, we used a combination of multilocus and coalescent analyses to explore these processes occurred during the evolutionary history of Limbatochlamys rosthorni Rothschild, 1894 and Limbatochlamys pararosthorni Han and Xue, 2005. The ncDNA phylogenetic tree supported two reciprocally monophyletic species, whereas the mtDNA results failed to reveal such a structure and revealed an extensive level of admixture between two species. Because of very low Wolbachia infection rates (<20%), we firstly excluded this reason for the discordance. The fixed nucleotide differences and large genetic distances (1.5-2.5%) at the ncDNA genes suggested that the lineage sorting process between these two species is nearly complete and two species have experienced a prolonged period of independent evolution. Thus, we secondly excluded ILS. Sharing haplotypes, mtDNA gene flow occurring and the transitional samples with morphological features supported hybridization. The distribution contraction during glaciations and postglacial distribution expansion might have facilitated hybridization. Taken together, our study indicates that the current genetic structure of L. rosthorni and L. pararosthorni is the results of contraction and fragmentation into separated refugia during glaciations, followed by postglacial expansion and admixture.

20.
Clin Exp Rheumatol ; 39 Suppl 129(2): 101-106, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33734971

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To identify valuable ultrasonography findings combined with clinical markers for predicting carotid progression of Takayasu's arteritis (TAK) on imaging during a 1-year follow-up period. METHODS: From May 2016 to June 2019, 77 Chinese TAK patients with carotid artery involvement were enrolled in the present study. The patients' clinical characteristics and serological test and carotid ultrasonography results were recorded at baseline and each visit. Carotid progression was evaluated by ultrasonography every 3 months during the 1-year follow-up. Baseline clinical characteristics and ultrasonography results for predicting progression on imaging were identified. RESULTS: Sixteen (20.8%) patients presented with carotid progression on imaging during the 1-year follow-up period. The patients in the progressive group were younger (23.4±3.7 vs. 32.3±9.8 years, p<0.01) than those in the non-progressive group. At baseline, the vessel wall was thicker in the progressive group than in the non-progressive group (2.4±0.8 vs. 1.9±0.5 mm, p=0.041). Furthermore, the proportion of patients with refractory disease (87.5% vs. 16.4%, p<0.01) was higher in the progressive group than in the non-progressive group. Patients with a thickened carotid wall (≥1.9 mm), refractory disease, and younger age (≤30 years) might be at a high risk of carotid progression on imaging (75%, AUC: 0.93, sensitivity: 75%, specificity: 93.4%). CONCLUSIONS: Younger patients with early vascular structural changes at baseline as well as refractory disease seemed more likely to show carotid progression on imaging.


Assuntos
Arterite de Takayasu , Adulto , Artérias Carótidas/diagnóstico por imagem , Artéria Carótida Primitiva/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos , Estudos Prospectivos , Arterite de Takayasu/diagnóstico por imagem , Ultrassonografia
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