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1.
J Colloid Interface Sci ; 581(Pt A): 21-30, 2021 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32768732

RESUMO

Lanthanide ion (Ln3+)-doped nanoscale hydroxyapatites (nHAp) with tunable luminescence have attracted increasing attention due to their potential applications as useful biomedical tools (e.g., imaging and clinical therapy). In this study, we reported that doping Terbium (III) ions (Tb3+) in self-activated luminescent nHAp via a facile hydrothermal reaction, using trisodium citrate (Cit3-), generates unique emission-tunable probes known as Cit/Tb-nHAp. The morphology, crystal phase, and luminescence properties of these Cit/Tb-nHAp probes are studied in detail. Moreover, the results demonstrate that the luminescence of self-activated nHAp originates from the carbon dots trapped within the nHAp crystals, in which partial energy transfer occurs from carbon dots (CDs) to Tb3+. The color tunability is successfully achieved by regulating the addition of Cit3-. Biocompatibility study indicates that when co-cultured with C6 glioma cells in vitro for 3 days, ≤800 ppm Cit/Tb-nHAp is not cytotoxic for C6 glioma cells. We also present in vitro data showing efficient cytoplasmic localization of transferrin conjugated Cit/Tb-nHAp into C6 glioma cells by fluorescence cell imaging. We have successfully engineered Cit/Tb-nHAp, a promising biocompatible agent for future in vitro and in vivo fluorescence bioimaging.

2.
Korean J Radiol ; 2020 Aug 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32901462

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To determine whether changes in the transiting nerve rootlet or its surroundings, as seen on MRI performed after lumbar hemilaminectomy, are associated with persistent postoperative pain (PPP), commonly known as the failed back surgery syndrome. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Seventy-three patients (mean age, 61 years; 43 males and 30 females) who underwent single-level partial hemilaminectomy of the lumbar spine without postoperative complications or other level spinal abnormalities between January 2010 and December 2018 were enrolled. Two musculoskeletal radiologists evaluated transiting nerve rootlet abnormalities (thickening, signal alteration, distinction, and displacement), epidural fibrosis, and intrathecal arachnoiditis on MRI obtained one year after the operations. A spine surgeon blinded to the radiologic findings evaluated each patient for PPP. Univariate and multivariate analyses were used to evaluate the association between the MRI findings and PPP. RESULTS: The presence of transiting nerve rootlet thickening, signal alteration, and ill-distinction was significantly different between the patients with PPP and those without, for both readers (p ≤ 0.020). Conversely, the presence of transiting nerve rootlet displacement, epidural fibrosis, and intrathecal arachnoiditis was not significantly different between the two groups (p ≥ 0.128). Among the above radiologic findings, transiting nerve rootlet thickening and signal alteration were the most significant findings in the multivariate analyses (p ≤ 0.009). CONCLUSION: On MRI, PPP was associated with transiting nerve rootlet abnormalities, including thickening, signal alterations, and ill-distinction, but was not associated with epidural fibrosis or intrathecal arachnoiditis. The most relevant findings were the nerve rootlet thickening and signal alteration.

3.
J Colloid Interface Sci ; 569: 1-11, 2020 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32092600

RESUMO

Whitlockite (WH, Ca18Mg2(HPO4)2(PO4)12) is the second most abundant bone mineral and has attracted attention as one of the novel bone regenerative materials. It has proven to enhance growth and promote osteogenesis of stem cells. However, investigating the mechanism of formation of pure phase WH nanocrystals remains a challenge. In this study, we introduced an interesting synthesis approach of WH nanocrystals using a tri-solvent system for the solid-liquid-solution (SLS) process. The ratio of precursor and reaction solvent composition was optimized to generate WH nanocrystals with tunable size, morphology (nanoplates, nanospheres), and surface properties (hydrophobic, hydrophilic), which is impossible to achieve using the traditional precipitation method. Molecular dynamics (MD) simulations revealed that the growth direction of nanoplates is highly related to the surfactant and its binding affinity. Finite element method (FEM) simulations elucidated that the ratio of ethanol/water plays an important role in defining the crystallinity and morphology of WH. In this study, we demonstrated that the cell proliferation of human bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (hBMSCs) is enhanced upon treatment with WH. The results of quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) revealed that WH can positively accelerate the osteogenic differentiation in hBMSCs. The as-synthesized WH has a great potential in the future to be used in osteogenic tissue engineering. This study opens a new horizon for the synthesis and application of WH.


Assuntos
Materiais Biocompatíveis/química , Fosfatos de Cálcio/química , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/metabolismo , Nanopartículas/química , Tecidos Suporte/química , Regeneração Óssea , Calcificação Fisiológica , Proliferação de Células , Células Cultivadas , Etanol/química , Análise de Elementos Finitos , Humanos , Interações Hidrofóbicas e Hidrofílicas , Simulação de Dinâmica Molecular , Osteogênese , Solventes/química , Propriedades de Superfície , Engenharia Tecidual , Água
4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31931556

RESUMO

Objective: To generate synthetic spine magnetic resonance (MR) images from spine computed tomography (CT) using generative adversarial networks (GANs), as well as to determine the similarities between synthesized and real MR images. Methods: GANs were trained to transform spine CT image slices into spine magnetic resonance T2 weighted (MRT2) axial image slices by combining adversarial loss and voxel-wise loss. Experiments were performed using 280 pairs of lumbar spine CT scans and MRT2 images. The MRT2 images were then synthesized from 15 other spine CT scans. To evaluate whether the synthetic MR images were realistic, two radiologists, two spine surgeons, and two residents blindly classified the real and synthetic MRT2 images. Two experienced radiologists then evaluated the similarities between subdivisions of the real and synthetic MRT2 images. Quantitative analysis of the synthetic MRT2 images was performed using the mean absolute error (MAE) and peak signal-to-noise ratio (PSNR). Results: The mean overall similarity of the synthetic MRT2 images evaluated by radiologists was 80.2%. In the blind classification of the real MRT2 images, the failure rate ranged from 0% to 40%. The MAE value of each image ranged from 13.75 to 34.24 pixels (mean, 21.19 pixels), and the PSNR of each image ranged from 61.96 to 68.16 dB (mean, 64.92 dB). Conclusion: This was the first study to apply GANs to synthesize spine MR images from CT images. Despite the small dataset of 280 pairs, the synthetic MR images were relatively well implemented. Synthesis of medical images using GANs is a new paradigm of artificial intelligence application in medical imaging. We expect that synthesis of MR images from spine CT images using GANs will improve the diagnostic usefulness of CT. To better inform the clinical applications of this technique, further studies are needed involving a large dataset, a variety of pathologies, and other MR sequence of the lumbar spine.

5.
Korean J Neurotrauma ; 15(2): 88-94, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31720261

RESUMO

Objective: In general, quadriplegic patients use their voices to call the caregiver. However, severe quadriplegic patients are in a state of tracheostomy, and cannot generate a voice. These patients require other communication tools to call caregivers. Recently, monitoring of eye status using artificial intelligence (AI) has been widely used in various fields. We made eye status monitoring system using deep learning, and developed a communication system for quadriplegic patients can call the caregiver. Methods: The communication system consists of 3 programs. The first program was developed for automatic capturing of eye images from the face using a webcam. It continuously captured and stored 15 eye images per second. Secondly, the captured eye images were evaluated for open or closed status by deep learning, which is a type of AI. Google TensorFlow was used as a machine learning tool or library for convolutional neural network. A total of 18,000 images were used to train deep learning system. Finally, the program was developed to utter a sound when the left eye was closed for 3 seconds. Results: The test accuracy of eye status was 98.7%. In practice, when the quadriplegic patient looked at the webcam and closed his left eye for 3 seconds, the sound for calling a caregiver was generated. Conclusion: Our eye status detection software using AI is very accurate, and the calling system for the quadriplegic patient was satisfactory.

6.
Yeungnam Univ J Med ; 36(3): 225-230, 2019 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31620637

RESUMO

Background: It is not possible to measure how much activity is required to understand and code a medical data. We introduce an assessment method in clinical coding, and applied this method to neurosurgical terms. Methods: Coding activity consists of two stages. At first, the coders need to understand a presented medical term (informational activity). The second coding stage is about a navigating terminology browser to find a code that matches the concept (code-matching activity). Systematized Nomenclature of Medicine - Clinical Terms (SNOMED CT) was used for the coding system. A new computer application to record the trajectory of the computer mouse and record the usage time was programmed. Using this application, we measured the time that was spent. A senior neurosurgeon who has studied SNOMED CT has analyzed the accuracy of the input coding. This method was tested by five neurosurgical residents (NSRs) and five medical record administrators (MRAs), and 20 neurosurgical terms were used. Results: The mean accuracy of the NSR group was 89.33%, and the mean accuracy of the MRA group was 80% (p=0.024). The mean duration for total coding of the NSR group was 158.47 seconds, and the mean duration for total coding of the MRA group was 271.75 seconds (p=0.003). Conclusion: We proposed a method to analyze the clinical coding process. Through this method, it was possible to accurately calculate the time required for the coding. In neurosurgical terms, NSRs had shorter time to complete the coding and higher accuracy than MRAs.

7.
Neurospine ; 16(3): 558-562, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31607088

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: C5 palsy is a severe complication after cervical spine surgery, the pathophysiology of which remains unclear. This multicenter study investigated the incidence of C5 palsy following cervical spine surgery in Korea. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective multicenter study involving 21 centers from the Korean Cervical Spine Study Group. The inclusion criteria were cervical spine surgery patients between 2012 and 2016, excluding cases of neck surgery. In patients with C5 palsy, the operative methods, disease category, onset time of C5 palsy, recovery time, C5 manual muscle testing (MMT) grade, and post-C5 palsy management were analyzed. RESULTS: We collected 15,097 cervical spine surgery cases from 21 centers. C5 palsy occurred in 88 cases (0.58%). C5 palsy was more common in male patients (p=0.019) and after posterior approach procedures (p<0.001). C5 palsy usually occurred within 3 days after surgery (77 of 88, 87.5%) and most C5 palsy patients recovered within 6 months (51 of 88, 57.95%). Thirty C5 palsy patients (34.09%) had motor weakness, with an MMT grade≤2. Only four C5 palsy patients (4.5%) did not recover during follow-up. Posterior cervical foraminotomy was performed in 7 cases (7.95%), and steroids were used in 56 cases (63.63%). Twenty-six cases (29.55%) underwent close observation only. CONCLUSION: The overall incidence of C5 palsy was relatively low (0.58%). C5 palsy was more common after posterior cervical surgery and in male patients. C5 palsy usually developed within 3 days after surgery, and more than half of patients with C5 palsy recovered within 6 months.

8.
Open Med (Wars) ; 14: 545-551, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31410366

RESUMO

Objective: Bone mineral density (BMD) is a very important factor in spinal fusion surgery using instrumentation. Our aim was to investigate the utility of Hounsfield units (HU) obtained from preoperative lumbar computed tomography (CT) to predict osteoporosis coupling with data of quantitative computed tomography (QCT) and dual X-ray absorptiometry (DEXA). Methods: We reviewed 180 patients that underwent both QCT and lumbar CT for spine surgery. HU was retrospectively calculated on the lumbar CT of 503 lumbar vertebrae from L1 to L3. Femur DEXA was performed in all patients and spine DEXA was tested in 120 patients (331 vertebrae). BMD was grouped as osteoporosis (QCT<80mg/cm3, DEXA T score≤-2.5) and non-osteoporosis (QCT≥80mg/cm3, DEXA T score>-2.5) for comparison of HU value. Results: HU value and BMD showed significant correlations. The optima cut-off value based on QCT was higher than that of DEXA scans which had the best correlation for predicting osteoporosis. ROC curve analysis demonstrated that HU value with QCT of 146 has a sensitivity of 94.3% and a specificity of 87.5% for osteoporosis. Conclusions: Significant correlation was found between HU measurement and BMD value. These findings provide evidence that HU measurement can be established as a means for predicting osteoporosis before spine fusion surgery with reduced radiation hazard.

9.
J Korean Neurosurg Soc ; 62(5): 561-566, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31337197

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Functional outcomes have traditionally been evaluated and compared using subjective surveys, such as visual analog scores (VAS), the Oswestry disability index (ODI), and Short Form-36 (SF-36), to assess symptoms and quality of life. However, these surveys are limited by their subjective natures and inherent bias caused by differences in patient perceptions of symptoms. The Fitbit Charge® (Fitbit Inc., San Francisco, CA, USA) provides accurate and objective measures of physical activity. The use of this device in patients after laminectomy would provide objective physical measures that define ambulatory function, activity level, and degree of recovery. Therefore, the present study was conducted to identify relationships between the number of steps taken by patients per day and VAS pain scores, prognoses, and postoperative functional outcomes. METHODS: We prospectively investigated 22 consecutive patients that underwent laminectomy for spinal stenosis or a herniated lumbar disc between June 2015 and April 2016 by the same surgeon. When patients were admitted for surgery and first visited after surgery, preoperative and postoperative functional scores were recorded using VAS scores, ODI scores, and SF-36. The VAS scores and physical activities were recorded daily from postoperative day (POD) 1 to POD 7. The relationship between daily VAS scores and daily physical activities were investigated by simple correlation analysis and the relationship between mean number of steps taken and ODI scores after surgery was subjected to simple regression analysis. In addition, Wilcoxon's signed-rank test was used to investigate the significance of pre-to-postoperative differences in VAS, ODI, and SF-36 scores. RESULTS: Pre-to-postoperative VAS (p<0.001), ODI (p<0.001), SF-36 mental composite scores (p=0.009), and SF-36 physical composite scores (p<0.001) scores were found to be significantly different. Numbers of steps taken from POD 1 to POD 7 were negatively correlated with daily VAS scores (r=-0.981, p<0.001). In addition, the mean number of steps from POD 3 to POD 7 and the decrease in ODI conducted one month after surgery were statistically significant (p=0.029). CONCLUSION: Wearable devices are not only being used increasingly by consumers as lifestyle devices, but are also progressively being used in the medical area. This is the first study to demonstrate the usefulness of a wearable device for checking patient physical activity and predicting pain and prognosis after laminectomy. Based on our experience, the wearable device used to provide measures of physical activity in the present study has the potential to provide objective information on pain severity and prognosis.

10.
J Korean Neurosurg Soc ; 62(4): 398-404, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31290295

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Recently, three-dimensional (3D) printed models of the intracranial vascular have served as useful tools in simulation and training for cerebral aneurysm clipping surgery. Precise and realistic 3D printed aneurysm models may improve patients' understanding of the 3D cerebral aneurysm structure. Therefore, we created patient-specific 3D printed aneurysm models as an educational and clinical tool for patients undergoing aneurysm clipping surgery. Herein, we describe how these 3D models can be created and the effects of applying them for patient education purpose. METHODS: Twenty patients with unruptured intracranial aneurysm were randomly divided into two groups. We explained and received informed consent from patients in whom 3D printed models-(group I) or computed tomography angiography-(group II) was used to explain aneurysm clipping surgery. The 3D printed intracranial aneurysm models were created based on time-offlight magnetic resonance angiography using a 3D printer with acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene resin as the model material. After describing the model to the patients, they completed a questionnaire about their understanding and satisfaction with aneurysm clipping surgery. RESULTS: The 3D printed models were successfully made, and they precisely replicated the actual intracranial aneurysm structure of the corresponding patients. The use of the 3D model was associated with a higher understanding and satisfaction of preoperative patient education and consultation. On a 5-point Likert scale, the average level of understanding was scored as 4.7 (range, 3.0-5.0) in group I. In group II, the average response was 2.5 (range, 2.0-3.0). CONCLUSION: The 3D printed models were accurate and useful for understanding the intracranial aneurysm structure. In this study, 3D printed intracranial aneurysm models were proven to be helpful in preoperative patient consultation.

11.
J Korean Neurosurg Soc ; 62(4): 442-449, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31290297

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Bone mineral density (BMD) is an important consideration during fusion surgery. Although dual X-ray absorptiometry is considered as the gold standard for assessing BMD, quantitative computed tomography (QCT) provides more accurate data in spine osteoporosis. However, QCT has the disadvantage of additional radiation hazard and cost. The present study was to demonstrate the utility of artificial intelligence and machine learning algorithm for assessing osteoporosis using Hounsfield units (HU) of preoperative lumbar CT coupling with data of QCT. METHODS: We reviewed 70 patients undergoing both QCT and conventional lumbar CT for spine surgery. The T-scores of 198 lumbar vertebra was assessed in QCT and the HU of vertebral body at the same level were measured in conventional CT by the picture archiving and communication system (PACS) system. A multiple regression algorithm was applied to predict the T-score using three independent variables (age, sex, and HU of vertebral body on conventional CT) coupling with T-score of QCT. Next, a logistic regression algorithm was applied to predict osteoporotic or non-osteoporotic vertebra. The Tensor flow and Python were used as the machine learning tools. The Tensor flow user interface developed in our institute was used for easy code generation. RESULTS: The predictive model with multiple regression algorithm estimated similar T-scores with data of QCT. HU demonstrates the similar results as QCT without the discordance in only one non-osteoporotic vertebra that indicated osteoporosis. From the training set, the predictive model classified the lumbar vertebra into two groups (osteoporotic vs. non-osteoporotic spine) with 88.0% accuracy. In a test set of 40 vertebrae, classification accuracy was 92.5% when the learning rate was 0.0001 (precision, 0.939; recall, 0.969; F1 score, 0.954; area under the curve, 0.900). CONCLUSION: This study is a simple machine learning model applicable in the spine research field. The machine learning model can predict the T-score and osteoporotic vertebrae solely by measuring the HU of conventional CT, and this would help spine surgeons not to under-estimate the osteoporotic spine preoperatively. If applied to a bigger data set, we believe the predictive accuracy of our model will further increase. We propose that machine learning is an important modality of the medical research field.

12.
World Neurosurg ; 130: e344-e349, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31229753

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Durotomy is a necessary procedure for resection of spinal intradural-extramedullary (IDEM) tumor. The purpose of this study was to investigate the prevalence and clinical implications of pneumocephalus after spinal IDEM tumor surgery and also the association between pneumocephalus and postoperative headache. METHODS: This prospective study was conducted in a cohort of 20 patients who were diagnosed with a spinal IDEM tumor and underwent surgical resection. The mean patient age was 53.6 years (range, 29-75 years). Histological findings revealed schwannoma in 16 cases (80.0%) and meningioma in 4 cases (20.0%). Brain computed tomography scan was performed immediately after surgery. The prevalence and severity were analyzed based on the classification into 4 groups according to the extension of pneumocephalus: absence, mild, moderate, and severe. A visual analog scale (VAS; range 0-10) for headache was reported daily for the first postoperative week. Headache-related pneumocephalus was defined as a VAS score of ≥5 points at least once in that 1-week period. RESULTS: The prevalence of pneumocephalus was 90.0% (18 patients). Five patients (25.0%) had severe pneumocephalus extending to the extra-axial space. Seven of the 20 patients (38.9%) complained of significant headache. Five of these patients had severe pneumocephalus, 1 patient had moderate pneumocephalus, and 1 patient had moderate pneumocephalus. A statistically significant association was observed between the severity of pneumocephalus and headache (P = 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Pneumocephalus is a common complication after spinal IDEM tumor surgery. This report is the first study to investigate the prevalence of pneumocephalus and analyze its association with headache after spine surgery. The severity of pneumocephalus was significantly related to postoperative headache.


Assuntos
Pneumocefalia/diagnóstico por imagem , Pneumocefalia/etiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/diagnóstico por imagem , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Neoplasias da Medula Espinal/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias da Medula Espinal/cirurgia , Adulto , Idoso , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
13.
Sensors (Basel) ; 19(10)2019 May 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31121961

RESUMO

Magnetic resonance (MR) imaging plays a highly important role in radiotherapy treatment planning for the segmentation of tumor volumes and organs. However, the use of MR is limited, owing to its high cost and the increased use of metal implants for patients. This study is aimed towards patients who are contraindicated owing to claustrophobia and cardiac pacemakers, and many scenarios in which only computed tomography (CT) images are available, such as emergencies, situations lacking an MR scanner, and situations in which the cost of obtaining an MR scan is prohibitive. From medical practice, our approach can be adopted as a screening method by radiologists to observe abnormal anatomical lesions in certain diseases that are difficult to diagnose by CT. The proposed approach can estimate an MR image based on a CT image using paired and unpaired training data. In contrast to existing synthetic methods for medical imaging, which depend on sparse pairwise-aligned data or plentiful unpaired data, the proposed approach alleviates the rigid registration of paired training, and overcomes the context-misalignment problem of unpaired training. A generative adversarial network was trained to transform two-dimensional (2D) brain CT image slices into 2D brain MR image slices, combining the adversarial, dual cycle-consistent, and voxel-wise losses. Qualitative and quantitative comparisons against independent paired and unpaired training methods demonstrated the superiority of our approach.

14.
World Neurosurg ; 126: e1050-e1054, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30878743

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The overall incidence of iatrogenic vertebral artery injury (IVAI) in cervical spine surgeries (CSSs) is reported to be 0.07%-1.4%. Although IVAI occurred during C1-2 fusion, there is no accurate information regarding the surgery-specific risk of IVAI. This study aimed to stratify incidence of IVAI by surgical method and evaluate the correlation between IVAI and its sequelae. METHODS: This retrospective, multicenter study involved clinical and radiologic evaluations for IVAI. All CSSs performed between 2012 and 2016 were included; neck mass excision and pain intervention were excluded. Patient characteristics, diagnosis, surgical technique, complications, and presence of IVAI were collected. In IVAI cases, technique details, characteristics, and sequelae were investigated. RESULTS: This study included 14,722 patients with 15,582 CSSs in 21 centers. IVAIs were identified in 13 (0.08%) patients. Surgery-specific incidence of IVAI was 1.35% in cases involving C1-2 posterior fixation and 0.20% in cases involving C3-6 posterior fixation. Common injury mechanisms were screw-in (31%) and high-speed drilling (23%). Screw-related IVAI occurred in 9 (69%) patients, and IVAI of the C1 lateral mass and C2 pedicle screws occurred in 4 and 3 patients, respectively. Of 13 cases of IVAI, 3 (23%) involved cerebellar or stem infarction; the infarction had no substantial correlation with injury grade or dominancy. CONCLUSIONS: Overall incidence of IVAI in CSSs was 0.08%. C1-2 posterior fixation had the highest incidence of IVAI (1.35%). Although clinical results of IVAI can be highly variable, controlling risk factors of IVAI is important.


Assuntos
Doença Iatrogênica/epidemiologia , Fusão Vertebral/efeitos adversos , Artéria Vertebral/lesões , Adulto , Idoso , Vértebras Cervicais , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Adulto Jovem
15.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 97(35): e11919, 2018 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30170385

RESUMO

A number of studies have demonstrated an association of neuropathic pain and chronic low back pain (CLBP), but the outcome difference in each medical management is poorly understood. This study is aimed to investigate treatment patterns of neuropathic pain in CLBP patients and to explore patient-reported outcomes (PROs) including quality of life (QoL) and functional disability by treatment patterns.Data were extracted from the neuropathic low back pain (NLBP) outcomes research. It was a multicenter and cross-sectional study in which 1200 patients were enrolled at 27 general hospitals, from 2014 to 2015. Of total, 478 patients classified as neuropathic pain were used for this subgroup analysis. The patients were divided into 2 groups according to treatment patterns (with vs. without the targeted therapy [TT] of neuropathic pain). Demographic and clinical features were collected by chart reviews and PROs were measured by patient's survey. QoL was assessed by EuroQoL 5-dimension (EQ-5D) questionnaire. Functional disability was measured by the Quebec Back Pain Disability Scale (QBPDS). Multiple linear regression analyses were conducted to compare the PROs between TT group and non-targeted therapy (nTT) group.Among the NLBP patients (mean age 63years, female 62%), EQ-5D index, EuroQoL-Visual Analog Scale (EQ-VAS), and QBPDS Scores (mean ±â€Šstandard deviation) were 0.40 ±â€Š0.28, 54.98 ±â€Š19.98, and 46.03 ±â€Š21.24, respectively. Only 142 (29.7%) patients had pharmacological TT of neuropathic pain. Univariate analyses revealed no significant mean differences between TT group and nTT group in the EQ-5D index (0.41 ±â€Š0.27 and 0.39 ±â€Š0.28), EQ-VAS (56.43 ±â€Š18.17 and 54.37 ±â€Š20.69), and QBPDS (45.31 ±â€Š21.32 and 46.31 ±â€Š21.24). After adjustment with covariates, TT group had higher scores of EQ-5D index (ß = 0.07; P < 0.01) and EQ-VAS (ß = 4.59; P < 0.05) than the nTT group. The TT group's QBPDS score was lower than the nTT group, although its statistical significance still has not been reached (ß = -4.13; P = 0.07).We found that considerable proportion of the NLBP patients remains untreated or undertreated. Although TT group had significantly better QoL than nTT group, only 29.7% of NLBP patients had pharmacological TT. Therefore, clinicians should consider using TT for better QoL of neuropathic pain patients.


Assuntos
Analgésicos/uso terapêutico , Dor Crônica/tratamento farmacológico , Dor Lombar/tratamento farmacológico , Neuralgia/tratamento farmacológico , Medidas de Resultados Relatados pelo Paciente , Estudos Transversais , Avaliação da Deficiência , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Medição da Dor , Qualidade de Vida , República da Coreia , Resultado do Tratamento
16.
Asian Spine J ; 11(6): 917-927, 2017 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29279747

RESUMO

Study Design: A noninterventional, multicenter, cross-sectional study. Purpose: We investigated the prevalence of neuropathic pain (NP) and patient-reported outcomes (PROs) of the quality of life (QoL) and functional disability in Korean adults with chronic low back pain (CLBP). Overview of Literature: Among patients with CLBP, 20%-55% had NP. Methods: Patients older than 20 years with CLBP lasting for longer than three months, with a visual analog scale (VAS) pain score higher than four, and with pain medications being used for at least four weeks before enrollment were recruited from 27 general hospitals between December 2014 and May 2015. Medical chart reviews were performed to collect demographic/clinical features and diagnosis of NP (douleur neuropathique 4, DN4). The QoL (EuroQoL 5-dimension, EQ-5D; EQ-VAS) and functional disability (Quebec Back Pain Disability Scale, QBPDS) were determined through patient surveys. Multiple linear regression analyses were performed to compare PROs between the NP (DN4≥4) and non-NP (DN4<4) groups. Results: A total of 1,200 patients (females: 65.7%; mean age: 63.4±13.0 years) were enrolled. The mean scores of EQ-5D, EQ-VAS, and QBPDS were 0.5±0.3, 55.7±19.4, and 40.4±21.1, respectively. Among all patients, 492 (41.0%; 95% confidence interval, 38.2%-43.8%) suffered from NP. The prevalence of NP was higher in male patients (46.8%; p<0.01), in patients who had pain based on radiological and neurological findings (59.0%; p<0.01), and in patients who had severe pain (49.0%; p<0.01). There were significant mean differences in EQ-5D (NP group vs. non-NP group: 0.4±0.3 vs. 0.5±0.3; p<0.01) and QBPDS (NP group vs. non-NP group: 45.8±21.2 vs. 36.3±20.2; p<0.01) scores. In the multiple linear regression, patients with NP showed lower EQ-5D (ß=-0.1; p<0.01) and higher QBPDS (ß=7.0; p<0.01) scores than those without NP. Conclusions: NP was highly prevalent in Korean patients with CLBP. Patients with CLBP having NP had a lower QoL and more severe dysfunction than those without NP. To enhance the QoL and functional status of patients with CLBP, this study highlights the importance of appropriately diagnosing and treating NP.

17.
Korean J Spine ; 14(3): 84-88, 2017 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29017302

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Cervical pedicle screw (CPS) placement is very challenging due to high risk of neurovascular complications. We devised a new technique (medial funnel technique) to improve the accuracy and feasibility of CPS placement. METHODS: We reviewed 28 consecutive patients undergoing CPS instrumentation using the medial funnel technique. Their mean age was 51.4 years (range, 30-81 years). Preoperative diagnosis included degenerative disease (n=5), trauma (n=22), and infection (n=1). Screw perforations were graded with the following criteria: grade 0 having no perforation, grade 1 having <25%, grade 2 having 25%-50% and grade 3 having >50% of screw diameter. Grades 0 and 1 were considered as correct position. The degree of perforation was determined by 2 junior neurosurgeons and 1 senior neurosurgeon. RESULTS: A total of 88 CPSs were inserted. The rate of correct placement was 94.3%; grade 0, 54 screws; grade 1, 29 screws; grade 2, 4 screws; and grade 3, 1 screw. No neurovascular complications or failure of instrumentation occurred. In perforated screws (34 screws), lateral perforations were 4 and medial perforations were 30. CONCLUSION: We performed CPS insertion using medial funnel technique and achieved 94.3% (83 of 88) of correct placement. And it can decrease lateral perforation.

18.
Korean J Spine ; 14(3): 96-98, 2017 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29017305

RESUMO

Although the etiology of spontaneous spinal epidural hematoma (SSEH) is unclear, SSEH is known to be associated with anticoagulants, coagulopathy, vascular malformation, hypertension, and pregnancy. However, no report has been issued on the relation between SSEH and venous phlebolith. Here, the authors present an extremely rare case of SSEH associated with phlebolith in the cervical spine and suggest a possible pathogenesis. A 36-year-old man without any relevant medical history presented with neck pain and numbness and severe radiating pain on the left arm. Magnetic resonance imaging showed epidural hematoma at the C5-7 level, and computed tomography revealed a calcified nodule in the left epidural hemorrhage at C6 level. During left partial laminectomy, epidural venous plexus, and thick epidural hematoma were found, and hematoma removal revealed a white, ovoid, smooth, hard mass of diameter 3 mm. Histopathologic examination confirmed the mass as a venous phlebolith. The presence of a calcified solitary nodule in dorsal epidural space indicates the presence of phlebolith and the risk of SSEH. In such cases, the authors recommend spine surgeons should take into consideration the possibility of epidural hemorrhage.

19.
Korean J Spine ; 14(1): 11-13, 2017 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28407704

RESUMO

A rare case of delayed large epidural mucin collection causing neurologic deficit after surgery for metastatic pancreatic cancer is reported. A 65-year-old man presented with intractable upper-thoracic back pain radiating to the chest and gait disturbance. He had a history of subtotal pancreatectomy due to intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasm (IPMN) of the pancreas and concurrent chemotherapy. Eight months after pancreatectomy, multiple thoracic spinal metastasis was diagnosed with routine up positron emission tomography-computed tomography. Radiotherapy for spinal metastasis and subsequent chemotherapy was carried out. Sixteen months after pancreatectomy, gait disturbance occurred and follow-up thoracic magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) showed aggravation of metastasis at T2 and T4 compressing the spinal cord. We performed a decompressive laminectomy with subtotal resection of the tumor masses and pedicle screw fixation at C7-T6. Neurologic status improved after the operation. Histopathologic examinations revealed the tumor as metastatic mucin producing adenocarcinoma. Three months after surgery, motor weakness and pain was reappeared. MRI showed large amount of epidural fluid collection. We performed wound revision and there was large amount of gelatinous fluid at the epidural space. We suggest that postoperative mucin collection and wound problems should be considered after surgery for mucin producing metastatic pancreatic tumor.

20.
J Korean Neurosurg Soc ; 60(2): 257-261, 2017 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28264248

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study was conducted to assess the surgical results of one-stage posterior minimal laminectomy and video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) for the treatment of thoracic dumbbell tumor and to describe its precise technique. In addition, we investigated the technique's usefulness and limitations. METHODS: Seven cases of thoracic dumbbell tumor (two men and five women, mean age, 43 years) were analyzed retrospectively. Pathological findings included schwannoma in four patients, neurofibroma in two patients, and hemangioma in one patient. The location of tumors varied from T2/3 to T12/L1. Dumbbell tumors were resected by one-stage operation using posterior laminectomy followed by VATS without instrumentation. Clinical data were reviewed. RESULTS: The mean follow-up period was 25 months (range, 3-58 months), and the operative time ranged from 255 to 385 min (mean, 331 min), with estimated blood loss ranging from 110 to 930 mL (mean, 348 mL). The tumor was completely resected without instrumentation and postoperative instability in all cases. Postoperative complications included atelectasis and facial anhydrosis in one case each. CONCLUSION: One-stage posterior minimal laminectomy and VATS may be a safe and less invasive technique for removal of thoracic dumbbell tumor without instability. This method has the advantage of early ambulation and rapid recovery because it reduces blood loss and postoperative pain.

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