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1.
J Am Acad Orthop Surg ; 29(16): e805-e814, 2021 Aug 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34043597

RESUMO

There is little written in the orthopaedic literature regarding common musculoskeletal problems that women encounter in relation to pregnancy and their clinical and surgical management. Exercise and other physical activity are generally recommended for most women before, during, and after pregnancy. Unfortunately, a variety of musculoskeletal issues may keep women from starting, continuing, or resuming a healthy exercise regimen throughout a notable portion of their reproductive years. Untreated and undertreated orthopaedic conditions in female athletes may therefore have further unintended negative effects on maternal and fetal health. This article reviews the existing literature on musculoskeletal health considerations before, during, and after pregnancy to provide practical information to orthopaedic surgeons who treat women of all ages and athletic abilities.


Assuntos
Doenças Musculoesqueléticas , Cirurgiões Ortopédicos , Esportes , Atletas , Exercício Físico , Feminino , Humanos , Gravidez
2.
J Ultrasound Med ; 38(6): 1527-1536, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30380165

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Treatment for iliopsoas tendinopathy includes ultrasound (US)-guided iliopsoas peritendinous corticosteroid injection. Evidence is lacking regarding US-guided iliopsoas injection efficacy in patients with iliopsoas tendinopathy and intra-articular (IA) hip abnormalities. The purpose of this study was to examine the efficacy of US-guided iliopsoas corticosteroid injection for iliopsoas tendinopathy in patients with and without IA hip abnormalities. METHODS: This work was a prospective study evaluating patients aged 12 to 50 years with iliopsoas tendinopathy. Participants completed a Hip Disability and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score (HOOS) questionnaire before and 6 weeks after injection. The main outcome measure was the change in HOOS subcategory scores. Independent variables included time and hip status. Normal hips were compared to abnormal hips with IA abnormalities. A 2-way repeated measures analysis of covariance with effect size (η2 ) was used to determine injection effects on HOOS scores before and 6 weeks after injection. RESULTS: A total of 178 patients (154 female and 24 male) were analyzed. Time effects were found for both normal and abnormal hips in all HOOS subcategories: symptoms (P = .041; η2 = 0.050), pain (P = .001; η2 = 0.184), activities of daily living (P = .011; η2 = 0.076), function in sports and recreation (P = .001; η2 = 0.151), and quality of life (QOL; P = .001; η2 = 0.193). Significant differences between normal versus abnormal hips were found in the sports and recreation (P = .032; η2 = 0.056) and QOL scores (P = .001; η2 = 0.135). CONCLUSIONS: In patients with iliopsoas tendinopathy, US-guided iliopsoas corticosteroid injection improved outcomes regardless of coexisting IA hip abnormalities. Patients without IA hip abnormalities showed greater improvement in sports and recreation and QOL scores compared to patients with IA hip abnormalities. Ultrasound-guided iliopsoas injection for iliopsoas tendinopathy may advance short-term care and help continue with nonsurgical treatment regimens.


Assuntos
Corticosteroides/uso terapêutico , Articulação do Quadril/diagnóstico por imagem , Articulação do Quadril/fisiopatologia , Dor/tratamento farmacológico , Tendinopatia/diagnóstico por imagem , Ultrassonografia de Intervenção/métodos , Adolescente , Corticosteroides/administração & dosagem , Adulto , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Injeções Intra-Articulares , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Dor/etiologia , Dor/fisiopatologia , Estudos Prospectivos , Tendinopatia/complicações , Tendinopatia/fisiopatologia , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
3.
Sports Health ; 10(6): 532-537, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29738281

RESUMO

CONTEXT:: As the popularity and technical demands of figure skating increase, so will the number of athletes presenting with sport-related problems. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION:: Searches were performed across PubMed from 1980 to 2017. The keywords searched were skating, skaters, incidence, and injuries. The search was limited to English-language articles and human participants. Relevant articles were cross-referenced. STUDY DESIGN:: Clinical review. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE:: Level 5. RESULTS:: Previous studies suggest an increase in incidence of figure skating injuries from 1982 to 2003. When combining all disciplines of figure skating, there is a similar proportion of acute and overuse injuries. Within disciplines, overuse injuries appear to be more common in singles skating, while acute injuries are more common in pairs skating, ice dancing, and synchronized skating. Lower extremity injuries are more common than upper extremity injuries in all disciplines, and pairs skating accounts for the majority of upper extremity injuries. Ankle sprains are the most common skating injury, and patellar tendinitis is the most common overuse injury across all disciplines. Stress fractures are the most common overuse injury in female singles skaters. CONCLUSION:: The predominance of overuse injuries in singles disciplines reflects their increasing technical difficulty, with more difficult jumps and longer training hours. Partner disciplines are more likely to involve acute injuries and upper extremity injuries due to high-risk throws and lifts. Emphasis should be placed on properly fitting skating boots, intrinsic foot and ankle strengthening, and lower extremity flexibility, which may prevent many of the common lower extremity and back injuries in figure skating.


Assuntos
Traumatismos em Atletas/epidemiologia , Patinação/lesões , Traumatismos em Atletas/classificação , Humanos , Incidência , Patinação/classificação , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia
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