Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 1.100
Filtrar
1.
J Nanosci Nanotechnol ; 20(1): 161-167, 2020 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31383151

RESUMO

In this literature, we discussed the effect of anti-reflection coating of silicon heterojunction (SHJ) solar cells with different characteristics of double layered indium tin oxide (ITO/ITO) structure. Firstly, the OPAL 2 simulation was performed to optimize the values of the photo generation-current density of ITO/ITO/Si device structures. Afterwards, experimental work was conducted by depositing ITO on the SHJ solar cell to analyze the anti-reflection coating effect. ITO was deposited on the SHJ solar cell for 90 to 180 seconds by varying the oxygen flow rate. The highest short-circuit current density of 39.25 mA/cm² was obtained when ITO was deposited for 150 seconds, which was higher than the short-circuit current density of non-deposited cell of ITO (38 mA/cm²). The efficiency of the SHJ solar cell increased by about 2% after additional ITO deposition to 20.75%, which was due to the improvement of short-circuit current density by ITO deposition. The double layer ITO helped to improve the efficiency of SHJ solar cell by increasing light absorption in a silicon wafer.

2.
J Nanosci Nanotechnol ; 20(1): 245-251, 2020 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31383162

RESUMO

Copper plating has been considered as a future metallization technique to reduce metal contact area and material cost in silicon heterojunction (SHJ) solar cells. In this paper, a Cu-Sn alloy film is used as a seed layer material on an indium tin oxide (ITO) layer with the goal to enhance contact resistivity between the seed and ITO layer. The contact resistivity between the seed layer and ITO is an important parameter because low contact resistivity is required for the high fill factor of the solar cells. In addition, it was confirmed that tin diffusion to ITO can affect contact resistivity by annealing samples having a Cu-Sn seed layer. Contact resistivity values of the samples were extracted by using transfer length method (TLM). Atomic percentage of tin in the Cu-Sn film was measured by the energy dispersive spectrometer (EDS). Also, tape tests were carried out to simply confirm the adhesion of contacts with the Cu-Sn seed layer.

3.
Mol Ther Nucleic Acids ; 18: 650-660, 2019 Oct 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31698312

RESUMO

Papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) is the most common malignant tumor of endocrine systems. Chromosomal instability (CIN) is crucial to the clinical prognoses of tumor patients. DNA methylation plays an important role in the regulation of gene expression and CIN. Based on PTC samples from The Cancer Genome Atlas database, we used multiple regression analyses to identify methylation patterns of CpG sites with the strongest correlation with gene expression. A total of 4,997 genes were obtained through combining the CpG sites, which were represented as featured DNA methylation patterns. In order to identify CIN-related epigenetic markers of PTC survival, we developed a method to characterize CIN based on DNA methylation patterns of genes using the Student's t statistics. We found that 1,239 genes were highly associated with CIN. With the use of the log-rank test, univariate Cox regression analyses, and the Kaplan-Meier method, DNA methylation patterns of UBAC2 and ELOVL2, highly correlated with CIN, provided potential prognostic values for PTC. The higher these two genes, risk scores were correlated with worse PTC patient prognoses. Moreover, the ELOVL2 risk score was significantly different in the four stages of PTC, suggesting that it was related to the progress of PTC. The DNA methylation pattern associated with CIN may therefore be a good predictor of PTC survival.

4.
FASEB J ; : fj201900782R, 2019 Nov 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31693862

RESUMO

In female mammals, the majority of primordial follicles (PFs) are physiologically quiescent, and only a few of them are activated and enter the growing follicle pool. Specific molecules, such as mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) and the serine/threonine kinase Akt (AKT), have been proven to be important for PF activation. However, how the transcription of these genes is regulated is not clear. Although activators of mTOR or AKT have been successfully used to rescue the fertility of patients with premature ovarian insufficiency, the low efficacy and unclear safety profile of these drugs hinder their clinical use in the in vitro activation (IVA) of PFs. Here, sirtuin 1 (SIRT1), an NAD-dependent deacetylase, was demonstrated to activate mouse PFs independent of its deacetylase activity. SIRT1 was prominently expressed in pregranulosa cells (pGCs) and oocytes, and its expression was increased during PF activation. PF activation was achieved by either up-regulating SIRT1 with a specific activator or overexpressing SIRT1. Moreover, SIRT1 knockdown in oocytes or pGCs could significantly suppress PF activation. Further studies demonstrated that SIRT1 enhanced both Akt1 and mTOR expression by acting more as a transcription cofactor, directly binding to the respective gene promoters, than as a deacetylase. Importantly, we explored the potential clinical applications of targeting SIRT1 in IVA via short-term treatment of cultured ovaries from mice and human ovarian tissues to activate PFs by applying the SIRT1 activator resveratrol. RSV-induced IVA could be a candidate strategy to develop more efficient procedures for future clinical treatment of infertility.-Zhang, T., Du, X., Zhao, L., He, M., Lin, L., Guo, C., Zhang, X., Han, J., Yan, H., Huang, K., Sun, G., Yan, L., Zhou, B., Xia, G., Qin, Y., Wang, C. SIRT1 facilitates primordial follicle recruitment independent of deacetylase activity through directly modulating Akt1 and mTOR transcription.

5.
Food Funct ; 2019 Nov 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31696185

RESUMO

Natural polyphenols showing a variety of beneficial effects will interact with multiple proteases after administration. The interactions of oxyresveratrol and piceatannol with trypsin and lysozyme were investigated using fluorescence spectroscopy, UV-vis absorption spectroscopy, circular dichroism spectroscopy, differential scanning calorimetry and molecular docking. Fluorescence quenching results and UV-vis absorption difference spectra revealed that the quenching process was a static mode initiated by ground-state complex formation. The different binding ability of oxyresveratrol and piceatannol with trypsin and lysozyme was discussed based on their different molecular structures. Moreover, the major driving force for the binding process was elucidated as hydrogen bonding and van der Waals forces by the negative enthalpy and entropy changes. Synchronous fluorescence, three-dimensional fluorescence and circular dichroism spectral analysis suggested that the binding of oxyresveratrol and piceatannol to trypsin and lysozyme induced some microenvironmental and conformational changes of the two enzymes. The thermal stability of the enzymes in the presence of polyphenols was studied based on the change in melting temperature by differential scanning calorimetry. The above experimental results were validated by the protein-ligand docking studies which showed the location of the two ligands in the enzymes and the surrounding amino acid residues. Furthermore, enzyme activity assays indicated that the enzymatic activity of trypsin and lysozyme was inhibited by oxyresveratrol and piceatannol. The effect of trypsin and lysozyme on the antioxidant activity and stability of oxyresveratrol and piceatannol was also investigated. In conclusion, the comparative study on the interaction of oxyresveratrol and piceatannol with trypsin and lysozyme showed that the positions of hydroxyl groups of the polyphenols had an important influence on their interaction with enzymes and their antioxidant activity and stability as well as the enzyme activities. The obtained results are expected to provide a theoretical basis for the application of polyphenols in functional foods and pharmaceuticals.

6.
PLoS One ; 14(10): e0223734, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31603942

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Postmicturition dribble (PMD) is a very common symptom in males with lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) worldwide, but there is no adequate questionnaire to assess it. Therefore, we developed a questionnaire named the Hallym Post Micturition Dribble Questionnaire (HPMDQ) to assess PMD, and the aim of this study is to validate it. METHODS: A series of consecutive male patients newly diagnosed with LUTS and over 40 years of age who visited any of 5 medical institutions were included. LUTS were assessed in all patients using the International Prostate Symptom Score (IPSS), and PMD was assessed using the HPMDQ. RESULTS: In total, 2134 male patients aged 40 to 91 years were included in this study. Of these patients, 1088 (51.0%) reported PMD. In the PMD group, the mean values for HPMDQ-Q1, HPMDQ-Q2, HPMDQ-Q3 and HPMDQ total score were 1.39, 1.10, 1.76 and 4.25, respectively. In the non-PMD group, the mean values of these scores were 0, 0.18, 1.52 and 1.58, respectively. The difference in HPMDQ scores between the 2 groups was statistically significant. PMD was significantly associated with the voiding symptoms of LUTS, prostate size and postvoid residual but not with storage symptoms. CONCLUSIONS: The HPMDQ, which consists of 5 questions (frequency, severity, bother, quality of life and response to treatment for PMD), was developed, and its use for assessing PMD is validated in this study. It may be a useful tool for further research and in clinical practice for PMD.

7.
Pediatr Res ; 2019 Oct 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31645055

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Neuroblastoma is the commonest extracranial solid cancer for neonates. Long non-coding RNA cancer susceptibility 11 (CASC11) is corroborated as carcinogen in several tumors. But its role in neonatal neuroblastoma is poorly defined. METHODS: Expression levels of CASC11, miR-676-3p, and NOL4L mRNA were analyzed by qRT-PCR in cells and tissues. Kaplan-Meier analysis was used to measure and analyze the survival time of patients with high/low CASC11. Neonatal neuroblastoma cell proliferation was reflected through colony-formation assay and CCK-8. Transwell assay was designed for detection of migratory and invasive capacities of neonatal neuroblastoma cells. Wound-healing assay was used for monitoring neuroblastoma cell migration. RNA pull-down, luciferase reporter, and RIP assays were utilized to identify the relationship between CASC11, miR-676-3p, and NOL4L on the basis of bioinformatics tools. RESULTS: Highly expressed CASC11 was observed in neonatal neuroblastoma tissues and cells. High level of CASC11 indicated unsatisfactory survival of neonatal neuroblastoma patients. CASC11 depletion inhibited cell proliferation and invasiveness. CASC11 was a molecular sponge to release NOL4L from miR-676-3p inhibition in tumor cells. Upregulation of NOL4L abated the suppressed cell proliferation and invasiveness due to CASC11 downregulation. CONCLUSION: CASC11 sequestered miR-676-3p from NOL4L to facilitate neonatal neuroblastoma progression, hinting a CASC11-mediated therapeutic target for neonatal neuroblastoma.

8.
Adv Mater ; : e1904752, 2019 Oct 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31657081

RESUMO

There is an increasing need to develop conducting hydrogels for bioelectronic applications. In particular, poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene):poly(styrenesulfonate) (PEDOT:PSS) hydrogels have become a research hotspot due to their excellent biocompatibility and stability. However, injectable PEDOT:PSS hydrogels have been rarely reported. Such syringe-injectable hydrogels are highly desirable for minimally invasive biomedical therapeutics. Here, an approach is demonstrated to develop injectable PEDOT:PSS hydrogels by taking advantage of the room-temperature gelation property of PEDOT:PSS. These PEDOT:PSS hydrogels form spontaneously after syringe-injection into the desired location, without the need of any additional treatments. A facile strategy is also presented for large-scale production of injectable PEDOT:PSS hydrogel fibers at room temperature. Finally, it is demonstrated that these room-temperature-formed PEDOT:PSS hydrogels (RT-PEDOT:PSS hydrogel) and hydrogel fibers can be used for the development of soft and self-healable hydrogel bioelectronic devices.

9.
Nutrients ; 11(10)2019 Oct 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31581754

RESUMO

Our previous study showed that hydrangenol isolated from Hydrangea serrata leaves exerts antiphotoaging activity in vitro. In this study, we determined its antiphotoaging effect in UVB-irradiated HR-1 hairless mice. We evaluated wrinkle formation, skin thickness, histological characteristics, and mRNA and protein expression using qRT-PCR and Western blot analysis in dorsal skins. Hydrangenol mitigated wrinkle formation, dorsal thickness, dehydration, and collagen degradation. Hydrangenol increased the expression of involucrin, filaggrin, and aquaporin-3 (AQP3) as well as hyaluronic acid (HA) production via hyaluronidase (HYAL)-1/-2 downregulation. Consistent with the recovery of collagen composition, the expression of Pro-COL1A1 was increased by hydrangenol. Matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-1/-3, cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2), and interleukin-6 (IL-6) expression was reduced by hydrangenol. Hydrangenol attenuated the phosphorylation of mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs) including ERK and p38, activator protein 1 (AP-1) subunit, and signal transduction and activation of transcription 1 (STAT1). Hydrangenol upregulated the expression of nuclear factor-E2-related factor 2 (Nrf2), heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1), NAD(P)H quinone dehydrogenase 1 (NQO-1), glutamate cysteine ligase modifier subunit (GCLM), and glutamate cysteine ligase catalysis subunit (GCLC). Taken together, our data suggest that hydrangenol can prevent wrinkle formation by reducing MMP and inflammatory cytokine levels and increasing the expression of moisturizing factors and antioxidant genes.

10.
J Virol ; 2019 Sep 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31554681

RESUMO

Porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV) poses a major threat to the global pork production and has been notorious for its rapid genetic evolution in the field. The nonstructural protein 2 (nsp2) replicase protein represents the fastest evolving region of PRRSV, but the underlying biological significance has remained poorly understood. By deletion mutagenesis, we discovered that the nsp2 hypervariable region played an important role in controlling the balance of genomic RNA and a subset of subgenomic mRNAs. More significantly, we revealed a unexpected link of nsp2 hypervariable region to viral tropism. Specifically, a mutant of the Chinese highly pathogenic PRRSV strain JXwn06 carrying a deletion spanning nsp2 amino acids 323 to 521 (nsp2Δ323-521) in its hypervariable region was found to lose the infectivity in primary porcine alveolar macrophages (PAMs), despite that it could replicate relatively efficiently in supporting cell line MARC-145 cells. Consequently, this mutant failed to establish an infection in piglets. Further dissection of the viral life cycle revealed that the mutant had defect(s) lying in the steps between virus penetration and negative-stranded RNA synthesis. Taken together our results reveal novel functions of nsp2 in PRRSV life cycle and provide important insight into the mechanisms of PRRSV RNA synthesis and cellular tropism.IMPORTANCE The PRRSV nsp2 replicase protein undergoes rapid and broad genetic variations in its middle region in the field, but the underlying significance has remained enigmatic. Here we demonstrate that the nsp2 hypervariable region not only plays an important regulatory role in maintaining the balance of different viral mRNA species but also regulates PRRSV tropism to primary PAMs. Our results reveal novel functions for PRRSV nsp2 and have important implications in understanding the mechanisms of PRRSV RNA synthesis and cellular tropism.

11.
Vet Microbiol ; 236: 108395, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31500730

RESUMO

Porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV) is an economically significant pathogen that has been recognized for its genetic variation, rapid evolution, and immune suppression. Type I interferons (IFNs) play an important role in host defense against viral infection by inducing many antiviral effectors, which might be a selective pressure driving viral evolution towards IFN resistance. To investigate the IFN resistance-related variation of PRRSV genome under IFN selective pressure and explore the molecular mechanism of IFN sensitivity changes, PRRSV strain JXwn06 was serially propagated in porcine pulmonary alveolar macrophages (PAMs) with IFNα treatment for 45 passages and 3 rounds of purification. Four mutant strains named JX-αP51n (n = 1, 2, 3 and 4) with reduced IFNα sensitivity were selected; the strains showed a 100-fold higher titer than the passaging-control strain JX-P51 in IFNα-treated PAMs. IFNα-resistant strains were found to antagonize the IFNα-activated JAK-STAT signaling pathway to a greater extent than the nonresistant strain by down-regulating the expression level of IFNα-activated pJAK1 through interfering with phosphatase. Furthermore, the PRRSV genetic variations interacting with IFNα were identified by full genomic sequencing and alignment. Among these mutations, amino acid substitutions in nsp1ß (E87 G), GP3 (F143 L) and GP5 (Y136 H) were found to correlate with increased IFNα resistance by enhancing the suppression effect on pJAK1, which could be further increased if these three substitution sites were combined. These findings provide some novel evidence for understanding PRRSV genetic variation under host selective pressure and viral evolution strategies to evade the host innate immune response.

12.
Hepatol Int ; 2019 Sep 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31486964

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Surgical resection for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is potentially curative, but long-term survival remains unsatisfactory. There is currently no effective neoadjuvant or adjuvant therapy for HCC. We sought to evaluate the impact of preoperative transcatheter arterial chemoembolization (TACE) on long-term prognosis after surgical resection of huge HCCs (≥ 10 cm). METHODS: Using a multicenter database, consecutive patients who underwent curative-intent resection for huge HCC without macrovascular invasion between 2004 and 2014 were identified. The association between preoperative TACE with perioperative outcomes, long-term overall survival (OS), and recurrence-free survival (RFS) was assessed before and after propensity score matching (PSM). RESULTS: Among the 377 enrolled patients, 88 patients (23.3%) received preoperative TACE. The incidence of perioperative mortality and morbidity was comparable among patients who did and did not undergo preoperative TACE (3.4% vs. 2.4%, p= 0.704, and 33.0% vs. 31.1%, p= 0.749, respectively). PSM analysis created 84 matched pairs of patients. In examining the entire cohort as well as the PSM cohort, median OS (overall cohort: 32.8 vs. 22.3 months, p= 0.035, and PSM only: 32.8 vs. 18.1 months, p= 0.023, respectively) and RFS (12.9 vs. 6.4 months, p= 0.016, and 12.9 vs. 4.1 months, p= 0.009, respectively) were better among patients who underwent preoperative TACE vs. patients who did not. After adjustment for other confounding factors on multivariable analyses, preoperative TACE remained independently associated with a favorable OS and RFS after the resection of huge HCC. CONCLUSION: Preoperative TACE did not increase perioperative morbidity or mortality, yet was associated with an improved OS and RFS after liver resection of huge HCC (≥ 10 cm).

13.
Oncol Res ; 2019 Sep 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31558180

RESUMO

The purpose of this study was to investigate the efficacy and safety of drug-eluting beads transarterial chemoembolization (DEB-TACE) treatment in Chinese hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) patients and the prognostic factors for treatment response as well as survival. A total of 275 HCC patients were included in this prospective study. Treatment response was assessed by modified Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (mRECIST), and progression-free survival (PFS) as well as overall survival (OS) were determined. Liver function and adverse events (AEs) were assessed before and post DEBTACE operation. Complete response (CR), partial response (PR), and objective response rate (ORR) were 22.9%, 60.7%, and 83.6%, respectively. The mean PFS was 362 (95%CI: 34.9-375) days, the 6-months PFS rate was 89.4%±2.1%, while the mean OS was 380 (95% CI: 370-389) days, and the 6-month OS rate was 94.4%±1.7%. Multivariate logistic regression revealed that portal vein invasion (P=0.011) was an independent predictor of worse clinical response. Portal vein invasion (P=0.040), previous cTACE treatment (P=0.030) as well as abnormal serum creatinine level (BCr) (P=0.017) were independent factors that predicted for worse ORR. In terms of survival, higher Barcelona Clinic Liver Cancer (BCLC) stage (P=0.029) predicted for worse PFS, and abnormal albumin (ALB) (P=0.011) and total serum bilirubin (TBIL) (P=0.009) predicted for worse OS. The number of patients with abnormal albumin, total protein (TP), TBIL, alanine aminotransferase (ALT), and aspartate aminotransferase (AST) augmented at 1 week post treatment and were similar at 1-3 months compared with baseline. The most common AEs were pain, fever, nausea and vomiting, and no severe AEs were observed in this study. DEB-TACE was effective and tolerable in treating Chinese HCC patients, and portal vein invasion, previous cTACE treatment, abnormal BCr, ALB and TBIL appear to be important factors that predict for worse clinical outcome.

14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31541249

RESUMO

Budding yeast generate heterogeneous cells that can be separated into 2 distinctive cell types: short-living low density (LD) and long-living high density (HD) cells by density gradient centrifugation. We found that ethanol and acetate induce formation of HD cells, and mitochondrial respiration is required. From their transcriptomes and metabolomes, we found up-regulated differentially expressed genes (DEGs) in HD cells involved in the RGT2/RGT1 glucose sensing pathway and its down-stream genes encoding hexose transporters. For HD cells, we determined an abundance of various carbon sources including glucose, lactate, pyruvate, trehalose, mannitol, mannose, and galactose. Other up-regulated DEGs in HD cells were involved in the TORC1-SCH9 signaling pathway and its down-stream genes involved in cytoplasmic translation. We also measured an abundance of free amino acids in HD cells including valine, proline, isoleucine, and glutamine. These characteristics of the HD cell transcriptome and metabolome may be important conditions for maintaining a long-living phenotype.

15.
Bioorg Med Chem Lett ; 29(20): 126670, 2019 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31500997

RESUMO

A new aminonaphthalimide platinum(IV) complex was developed by incorporating aminonaphthalimide, a DNA intercalator, into the platinum(IV) system. This complex displayed potent antitumor activities against all tested tumor cell lines in vitro and showed great potential in overcoming drug resistance of cisplatin. Moreover, it remarkably inhibited the growth of CT26 xenografts in BALB/c mice without severe side effects in vivo. Then, the compound exhibited a dual DNA damage antitumor mechanism that it could interact with DNA in tetravalent form via the naphthalimide group to cause DNA lesion, and the further liberation of platinum(II) complex after reduction would induce remarkable secondary damage to DNA. Meanwhile, it caused cell apoptosis through an intrinsic apoptosis pathway by up-regulating the expression of caspase 3 and caspase 9.

16.
Viruses ; 11(10)2019 Sep 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31561412

RESUMO

The papain-like cysteine protease 2 (PLP2) within the N-terminus of the porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV) nsp2 replicase protein specifies a deubiquitinating enzyme (DUB), but its biochemical properties and the role in infection have remained poorly defined. By using in vitro assays, we found that the purified PLP2 could efficiently cleave K63 and K48 linked polyubiquitin chains Ub3-7 in vitro although displaying a differential activity in converting the respective ubiquitin dimers to monomer. The subsequent mutagenesis analyses revealed that the requirement for PLP2 DUB activity surprisingly resembled that for cis-cleavage activity, as several mutations (e.g., D91R, D85R, etc.) that largely ablated the DUB function also blocked the cis- but not trans-proteolytic cleavage of nsp2/3 polyprotein. Moreover, the analyses identified key mutations that could differentiate DUB from PLP2 cis- and trans-cleavage activities. Further reverse genetics analyses revealed the following findings: (i) mutations that largely blocked the DUB activity were all lethal to the virus, (ii) a point mutation T88G that selectively blocked the cis-cleavage activity of PLP2 did not affect viral viability in cell culture, and (iii) an E90Q mutation that did not affect either of the PLP2 activities led to rescue of WT-like virus but displayed significantly reduced ability to induce TNF-α production. Our findings support the possibility that the PLP2 DUB activity, but not cis-cleavage activity, is essential for PRRSV replication. The data also establish a strong link of nsp2 to pro-inflammatory cytokine induction during infection that operates in a manner independent of PLP2 DUB activity.

17.
Colloids Surf B Biointerfaces ; 183: 110394, 2019 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31398618

RESUMO

Organic solvents have been reported to exert certain influence on the structure and drug loading efficiency of albumin. It is urgent to develop organic solvent-free albumin-based paclitaxel nanoparticles for effective anticancer therapy. In this study, novel PTX liposome-albumin composite nanoparticles (Lip-PTX/BSA NPs) aimed at avoiding the direct contact of albumin with toxic organic solvents and enhancing the colloidal stability of the formulation were prepared. To methodically evaluate the impacts of multifarious factors on the critical characteristics of the nanoparticles, Box-Behnken design was applied in the formulation optimized process. Ratio of drug-phosphatidylcholine (EPC), ratio of drug-BSA and pH of the media were chosen as the independent variables, while particle size and drug-loading content (DLC) loss rate were applied as the selected response variables. A quadratic model fitted best to describe the data with maximal lack-of-fit p-value and minimum sequential p-value. Three-dimension surface figures were utilized to describe the correlation of independent variables with response variables. Optimized formulation of the nanoparticles with size of 116.2 ±â€¯2.0 nm and zeta potential of -18.4 ±â€¯1.01 mV were obtained with a high encapsulation efficiency of 99.8%. PTX was involved physical interaction with the excipient during the preparation process of the nanoparticles. The release of PTX from Lip-PTX/BSA NPs exhibited a sustained release manner compared to albumin-bound PTX (nab-PTX) and Taxol. Besides, Lip-PTX/BSA NPs presented enhanced in vitro cytotoxicity against 4T1 cells due to highly nonspecific internalization in the cytoplasm. Simultaneously, Lip-PTX/BSA NPs showed effective in vivo antitumor efficacy against 4T1 bearing BALB/c mice, while no apparent adverse effect was observed by histological section and blood biochemical analysis. In conclusion, the novel Lip-PTX/BSA NPs could be applied as a promising drug delivery system for PTX to exert efficient cancer curative effects in clinic.

18.
Int J Mol Med ; 44(4): 1281-1288, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31432131

RESUMO

Implant­associated infection (IAI), a common condition marked by progressive inflammation and bone destruction, is mentally and financially devastating to those it affects, causing severe morbidity, prolonged hospital admissions, significant hospital costs and, in certain cases, mortality. Aspirin, a popular synthetic compound with a history of >100 years, is antipyretic, anti­inflammatory and analgesic. It is the most active component of non­steroidal anti­inflammatory drugs. However, the effects of aspirin on IAI remain unknown. In the present study, an IAI animal model was used, in which a stainless steel pin coated with Staphylococcus aureus was implanted through the left shaft of the tibia in mice. The animals were then randomized into five groups and subjected respectively to IAI, IAI + 15 mg aspirin treatment, IAI + 30 mg aspirin treatment, IAI + 60 mg aspirin treatment and IAI + 120 mg aspirin treatment groups. Aspirin was injected intraperitoneally twice daily for 11 days. Micro­CT and histological assays were performed to assess the effects of aspirin on IAI. It was found that aspirin reduced osteolysis and periosteal reaction, inhibited the activation of osteoclasts, promoted the activation of osteoblasts and facilitated healing of the infected fracture.

19.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 11(35): 32469-32474, 2019 Sep 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31409071

RESUMO

The third-order optical nonlinearities and the hot electron relaxation time (τ) of random-distributed gold nanorods arrays on glass (R-GNRA) have been investigated by using Z-scan and optical Kerr effect (OKE) techniques. Large third-order optical susceptibility (χ(3)) with the value of 2.5 × 10-6 esu has been obtained around the plamsonic resonance peak under the excitation power intensity of 0.1 GW/cm2. Further decrease of the excitation power intensity down to 0.3 MW/cm2 will lead to the significant increase of χ(3) up to 6.4 × 10-4 esu. The OKE results show that the relaxation time of R-GNRA around the plasmonic peak is 13.9 ± 0.4 ps, which is more than 4 times longer than those of the individual gold nanostructures distributed in water solutions. The Finite-difference time domain simulations demonstrate that this large enhancement of χ(3) and slow down of τ are caused by the gap-induced large local field enhancement of GNRs dimers in R-GNRA. These significant results offer great opportunities for plasmonic nanostructures in applications of photonic and photocatalytic devices.

20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31425081

RESUMO

We present TSR-TVD, a novel deep learning framework that generates temporal super-resolution (TSR) of time-varying data (TVD) using adversarial learning. TSR-TVD is the first work that applies the recurrent generative network (RGN), a combination of the recurrent neural network (RNN) and generative adversarial network (GAN), to generate temporal high-resolution volume sequences from low-resolution ones. The design of TSR-TVD includes a generator and a discriminator. The generator takes a pair of volumes as input and outputs the synthesized intermediate volume sequence through forward and backward predictions. The discriminator takes the synthesized intermediate volumes as input and produces a score indicating the realness of the volumes. Our method handles multivariate data as well where the trained network from one variable is applied to generate TSR for another variable. To demonstrate the effectiveness of TSR-TVD, we show quantitative and qualitative results with several time-varying multivariate data sets and compare our method against standard linear interpolation and solutions solely based on RNN or CNN.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA