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1.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 2284, 2020 Feb 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32024918

RESUMO

An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via a link at the top of the paper.

2.
Circ Res ; 2020 Jan 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31978313

RESUMO

Rationale: In young adults, the role of mildly abnormal lipid levels and lipid variability in the risk of atherosclerotic cardiovascular diseases (ASCVDs) remains uncertain. Objective: To investigate the association of these abnormalities in lipid profiles with the risk of myocardial infarction (MI) and stroke in young population. Methods and Results: From the Korean National Health Insurance Service, a nationwide population-based cohort of 1,934,324 'statin-naive' adults aged 20-39 years, with {greater than or equal to}3 lipid profile measurements and without a history of MI and stroke, were followed-up until the date of MI or stroke, or December 31, 2017. The primary measure of lipid variability was variability independent of the mean. Higher baseline total cholesterol (TC), low-density lipoprotein-cholesterol (LDL-C), and triglycerides and lower high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol (HDL-C) levels were significantly associated with increased MI risk; respective adjusted hazard ratios (HRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) comparing the highest vs. lowest quartiles were 1.35 (1.20-1.53) for TC, 1.41 (1.25-1.60) for LDL-C, 1.28 (1.11-1.47) for triglycerides, and 0.82 (0.72-0.94) for HDL-C. Adjusted analyses for deciles of lipid profiles showed that MI risk was significantly elevated among participants with TC {greater than or equal to}223.4mg/dL, LDL-C {greater than or equal to}139.5mg/dL, HDL-C {less than or equal to}41.8mg/dL, and triglycerides {greater than or equal to}200.1mg/dL. The associations between lipid levels and stroke risk were less prominent. Multivariable-adjusted restricted cubic spline analysis demonstrated that the increase in MI risk was not exclusively driven by extreme values of lipid profiles. Similar results were obtained on sensitivity analyses of baseline lipid levels. However, associations between lipid variability and the risk of MI and stroke varied depending on the measure of lipid variability used. Conclusions: Mildly abnormal baseline lipid levels were associated with an increased future risk of ASCVD events, particularly MI, whereas measures of lipid variability were not. Therefore, in young adults, achieving optimal lipid levels could be valuable in the prevention of ASCVD.

3.
PLoS One ; 15(1): e0227012, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31929538

RESUMO

Temporal trends of the prevalence and incidence of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) have not been well established in Asian populations. Using the Korean National Health Insurance Services database, we identified patients with a confirmed diagnosis of HCM between 2010 and 2016. The annual prevalence and incidence of HCM, and their clinical characteristics were investigated. The prevalence of HCM has increased from 0.016% (n = 6313) in 2010 to 0.031% (n = 13,035) in 2016. During a 7-year period, 13,229 patients were newly diagnosed with HCM. The incidence rate increased from 4.15 (per 100,000 person-years) in 2010 to 5.6 in 2016. The prevalence and incidence of HCM increased with age and peaked during the 70s, with male predominance in all age groups. Chest pain is the most frequent clinical presentation followed by shortness of breath and syncope. Hypertension and dyslipidemia were the two most common comorbidities. Heart failure and atrial fibrillation was diagnosed in about 1/3 and 1/4 of patients with HCM, respectively. The prevalence and incidence of HCM gradually increased from 2010 to 2016, possibly due to heightened recognition of the disease. Given the progressively high incidence of HCM with age and high prevalence of coexisting modifiable risk factors, continued efforts are required to increase awareness regarding HCM-related symptoms and potential complications.

4.
J Voice ; 34(1): 100-104, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30193766

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence and demographics of benign vocal fold lesions (BVFL) and trends in its treatment in Korea based on data collected from the National Health Insurance Service database. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Data for patients diagnosed with BVFL (ICM-10 codes J381, J382, J384) from 2006 to 2015 were selected for analysis. Patient characteristics, including sex, age, income, area of residence, and comorbidity, were analyzed. Treatment was divided into surgical management and conservative management using operation codes. RESULTS: The prevalence and incidence of BVFL increased from 7.07% and 5.29%, respectively, in 2006 to 12.47% and 7.98% in 2015. Compared with the non-BVFL population, patients with BVFL were more likely to be female, reside in an urban area, and have gastroesophageal reflux disease. There was no significant change in the incidence of surgical treatment during the study period (around 6000 per year); however, the surgical treatment rate decreased from 19.29% to 8.38%. The probability of undergoing surgical treatment for BVFL was higher in men, those aged 50-59 years, and those in the lowest quartile for income, except for the medical aid group. CONCLUSION: In Korea, there was an increase in the number of patients diagnosed with BVFL and a decrease in the operation rate for this condition between 2006 and 2015. Diagnosis of BVFL varied significantly based on income and sex; however, the only variable affecting the operation rate was patient age.

5.
Stroke ; 51(2): 416-423, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31813363

RESUMO

Background and Purpose- Warfarin is associated with a better net clinical benefit compared with no treatment in patients with nonvalvular atrial fibrillation (AF) and history of intracranial hemorrhage (ICH). There are limited data on nonvitamin K antagonist oral anticoagulants (NOACs) in these patients, especially in the Asian population. We aimed to compare the effectiveness and safety of NOACs to warfarin in a large-scale nationwide Asian population with AF and a history of ICH. Methods- Using the Korean Health Insurance Review and Assessment database from January 2010 to April 2018, we identified patients with oral anticoagulant naïve nonvalvular AF with a prior spontaneous ICH. For the comparisons, warfarin and NOAC groups were balanced using propensity score weighting. Ischemic stroke, ICH, composite outcome (ischemic stroke+ICH), fatal ischemic stroke, fatal ICH, death from composite outcome, and all-cause death were evaluated as clinical outcomes. Results- Among 5712 patients with AF with prior ICH, 2434 were treated with warfarin and 3278 were treated with NOAC. Baseline characteristics were well-balanced after propensity score weighting (mean age 72.5 years and CHA2DS2-VASc score 4.0). Compared with warfarin, NOAC was associated with lower risks of ischemic stroke (hazard ratio [HR], 0.77 [95% CI, 0.61-0.97]), ICH (HR, 0.66 [95% CI, 0.47-0.92]), and composite outcome (HR, 0.73 [95% CI, 0.60-0.88]). NOAC was associated with lower risks of fatal stroke (HR, 0.54 [95% CI, 0.32-0.89]), death from composite outcome (HR, 0.53 [95% CI, 0.34-0.81]), and all-cause death (HR, 0.83 [95% CI, 0.69-0.99]) than warfarin. NOAC showed nonsignificant trends toward to reduce fatal ICH compared with warfarin (HR, 0.47 [95% CI, 0.20-1.03]). Conclusions- NOAC was associated with a significant lower risk of ICH and ischemic stroke compared with warfarin. NOAC might be a more effective and safer treatment option for Asian patients with nonvalvular AF and a prior history of ICH.

6.
Hypertension ; 75(2): 309-315, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31838903

RESUMO

Blood pressure variability is a well-known risk factor for cardiovascular disease, but its association with atrial fibrillation (AF) is uncertain. We aimed to evaluate the association between visit-to-visit blood pressure variability and incident AF. This population-based cohort study used database from the Health Screening Cohort, which contained a complete set of medical claims and a biannual health checkup information of the Koran population. A total of 8 063 922 individuals who had at least 3 health checkups with blood pressure measurement between 2004 and 2010 were collected after excluding subjects with preexisting AF. Blood pressure variability was defined as variability independence of the mean and was divided into 4 quartiles. During a mean follow-up of 6.8 years, 140 086 subjects were newly diagnosed with AF. The highest blood pressure variability (fourth quartile) was associated with an increased risk of AF (hazard ratio, 95% CI; systolic blood pressure: 1.06, 1.05-1.08; diastolic blood pressure: 1.07, 1.05-1.08) compared with the lowest (first quartile). Among subjects in the fourth quartile in both systolic and diastolic blood pressure variability, the risk of AF was 7.6% higher than those in the first quartile. Moreover, this result was consistent in both patients with or without prevalent hypertension. In subgroup analysis, the impact of high blood pressure variability on AF development was stronger in high-risk subjects, who were older (≥65 years), with diabetes mellitus or chronic kidney disease. Our findings demonstrated that higher blood pressure variability was associated with a modestly increased risk of AF.

7.
Heart Rhythm ; 17(1): 12-19, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31299298

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The variability of metabolic parameters might have an impact on the pathophysiology of atrial fibrillation (AF). OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of the variability of 4 metabolic components including systolic blood pressure (BP), glucose level, total cholesterol (TC) level, and body mass index (BMI) on the risk of AF in the healthy population without hypertension, diabetes, or dyslipidemia. METHODS: We identified 6,819,829 adult subjects without hypertension, diabetes, or dyslipidemia who had ≥3 health checkups provided by the Korean National Health Insurance Corporation between 2005 and 2012. Glucose level, BP, TC level, and BMI were measured at each visit. Variability was defined as variability independent of the mean (VIM), and VIM of each parameter was divided into 4 groups. High variability was defined as having values in the highest quartile of each parameter. RESULTS: During a mean follow-up of 5.3 ± 1.1 years, 31,302 subjects were newly diagnosed with AF (0.86 per 1000 person-years). Subjects with the highest VIM quartile of BP, TC level, and BMI showed an increased risk of AF compared with those with the lowest VIM quartile, whereas glucose level variability had a marginal association. The composite of the high variability of metabolic parameters showed a graded risk of AF. After multivariable adjustment, subjects having 1, 2, 3, and 4 parameters of the highest VIM had an ∼7%, 13%, 20%, and 35% increased risk of AF compared with those without any highest variability of metabolic parameters. CONCLUSION: The variability of metabolic parameters showed a close association with the risk of AF in those without cardiovascular comorbidities.

8.
Sci Rep ; 9(1): 18055, 2019 Dec 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31792292

RESUMO

Although chronic kidney disease is known to increase the risk of atrial fibrillation (AF), the impact of the variability of renal function on the risk of incident AF is unknown. We aimed to evaluate the association between variability of renal function and the risk of developing AF among the general population. We evaluated a total of 3,551,249 adults who had three annual health check-ups provided by the National Health Insurance Service. The variability of renal function was defined as GFR-VIM, which is variability independent of the mean (VIM) of creatinine-based estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR). The study population was divided into four groups (Q1-4) based on the quartiles of GFR-VIM, and the risks of incident AF by each group were compared. During a mean of 3.2 ± 0.5 years follow-up, incident AF occurred in 15,008 (0.42%) subjects. The incidence rates of AF increased from Q1 to Q4 (0.98, 1.42, 1.27, and 1.63 per 1,000 person-years, respectively). Adjusting with multiple variables, Q4 showed an increased risk of incident AF compared to Q1 (hazard ratio (HR) 1.125, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.071-1.181). Variability of serum creatinine or other definitions of variability showed consistent results. On subgroup analyses, Q4 in males or those with a decreasing trend of eGFR had significantly increased risks of incident AF compared to Q1 (HR 1.127, 95% CI 1.082-1.175; and HR 1.115, 95% CI 1.059-1.173, respectively). High variability of eGFR was associated with an increased risk of incident AF, particularly in males or those with decreasing trends of eGFR during follow-up.

9.
J Gastroenterol ; 2019 Dec 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31792601

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The relationship between overall obesity, as measured by body mass index (BMI) and risk of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) has been reported to show a negative correlation. However, the relationship of ESCC, which accounts for around 90% of esophageal cancers in South Korea, with abdominal obesity, as measured by waist circumference (WC), may be different. Thus, we investigated the association between abdominal obesity and esophageal cancer in a nationwide population-based cohort. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study of 22,809,722 individuals who had undergone regular health check-ups provided by the National Health Insurance Corporation between 2009 and 2012 (median follow-up period, 6.4 years) in South Korea was conducted. Abdominal obesity was defined as a WC > 90 cm for men and > 85 cm for women. We estimated hazard ratios (HRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) using χ2 test and Cox proportional hazards model adjusted for confounding factors. The primary outcome was newly developed esophageal cancer. RESULTS: After adjusting for BMI, abdominal obesity increased the risk of esophageal cancer (HR 1.29, 95% CI 1.23-1.36). WC increased the risk for esophageal cancer in a dose-dependent manner (p values for trend < 0.0001). Among overweight (BMI 23-24.9 kg/m2) and obese I (BMI 25-29.9 kg/m2) individuals, abdominal obesity was a risk factor for esophageal cancer (HR 1.22, 95% CI 1.11-1.34; HR 1.28, 95% CI 1.18-1.39, respectively). CONCLUSION: Increasing abdominal obesity may be associated with an increased risk for esophageal cancer. Further studies are warranted to confirm the relationship.

11.
Sci Rep ; 9(1): 19044, 2019 Dec 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31836779

RESUMO

Some studies have argued that obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) increases the risk of breast cancer. However, the results are often conflicting. This study aimed to investigate associations between OSA and breast cancer incidence using the Korea National Health Insurance Service (KNHIS) database. This retrospective cohort study analyzed data from the KNHIS database. A total of 45,699 women (≥20 years of age) newly diagnosed with OSA between 2007 and 2014 were included. The control groups were a 5-fold, age-matched women who had not been diagnosed with OSA. Mean follow-up duration was 3.7 ± 2.3 years. The primary endpoint was newly diagnosed breast cancer. The breast cancer hazard ratio (95% confidence interval) was calculated for patients with OSA and compared with that of the control group. The incidence of breast cancer among patients with OSA was significantly higher than that among the controls (1.20 [1.04-1.39]). In particular, the incidence of breast cancer was higher among patients aged ≥65 years (1.72 [1.10-2.71]). The result suggests that OSA may be a risk factor for breast cancer in women.

12.
Sci Rep ; 9(1): 19067, 2019 Dec 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31836793

RESUMO

Hyperuricemia and anemia share several comorbidities, but the association between the two conditions remains unclear. The purpose of this study was to investigate the association between hyperuricemia and anemia. Data of 10794 subjects from the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey conducted in 2016-2017 were analyzed using multivariate logistic regression analyses. An association between anemia and hyperuricemia was not evident in subjects without chronic kidney disease (CKD). In patients with CKD, anemia increased the risk of hyperuricemia by 2-fold. This association remained significant when adjusting for the glomerular filtration rate. In subgroup analyses, the association of anemia with hyperuricemia was significant in subjects aged ≥65 years, and in those with diabetes or hypertension. Subgroup analyses of CKD patients showed similar results. In the current study using data from Korean representative samples, anemia in subjects with CKD was associated with a 2-fold increase in the risk of hyperuricemia, which remained significant even after adjustment for renal function.

13.
Sci Rep ; 9(1): 19511, 2019 Dec 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31862942

RESUMO

We analyzed data from the Korean National Health Insurance Service (NHIS) to investigate whether smoking increases the risk of end-stage kidney disease (ESKD). This retrospective nationwide population-based cohort study included the data of 23,232,091 participants who underwent at least one health examination between 2009 and 2012. Smoking status was recorded at baseline. The incidence of ESKD was identified via ICD-10 codes and special medical aid codes from the Korean National Health Insurance Service database till December 2016. A Cox proportional-hazards model with multivariable adjustment was used to evaluate the association between smoking and ESKD incidence. Overall, 24.6% of participants were current smokers; 13.5% and 61.9%, were ex- and non-smokers, respectively. Overall, 45,143 cases of ESKD developed during the follow-up period. Current smokers (hazard ratio [HR], 1.39; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.35-1.43) and ex-smokers (HR, 1.09; 95% CI, 1.06-1.12) demonstrated a significant increase in the adjusted risk of ESKD compared to non-smokers. The risk of ESKD was directly proportional to the smoking duration, number of cigarettes smoked daily, and pack-years. In conclusion, smoking is associated with a greater risk of ESKD in the general Korean population; the risk increases with an increase in the smoking duration, number of cigarettes smoked daily, and pack-years.

14.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(51): e18354, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31860991

RESUMO

Many cancer patients develop diabetes, which may result in reduction of chemotherapy effectiveness and increased infection risk and cardiovascular mortality. Diabetes may also increase the risks of chemotherapy-related toxicity and post-operative mortality, or represent an obstacle to optimal cancer treatment. However, the clinical predictors of diabetes in cancer patients remain largely unknown. Therefore, the aim of our study was to evaluate the risk factors for developing diabetes and construct a nomogram to predict diabetes in cancer patients.We investigated patients from a national sample cohort obtained from the Korea National Health Insurance Service (KNHIS), which included 2% of the Korean population. Patients who had undergone routine medical evaluation by the KNHIS between 2004 and 2008 and been hospitalized due to cancer (ICD-10 codes C00-97) during the past 3 years were included. After excluding patients with type 2 diabetes and missing data, 10,899 patients were enrolled and followed-up until 2013. A total of 7630 (70%) patients were assigned as the training cohort and used to construct the nomogram which was based on a multivariable logistic regression model. The remaining patients (n = 3269) were used as the validation cohort.The incidence rate of diabetes was 12.1 per 1000 person-years over a mean follow-up of 6.6 ±â€Š1.8 years. Significant risk factors for developing diabetes were age, sex, obesity, fasting plasma glucose, hypertension, and hypercholesterolmia. A nomogram was constructed using these variables and internally validated. The area under the curve was 0.70 (95% confidence interval, .666-.730, P < .0001) and the calibration plot showed agreement between the actual and nomogram-predicted diabetes probabilities.The nomogram developed in this study is easy to use and convenient for identifying cancer patients at high-risk for type 2 diabetes, enabling early type 2 diabetes screening and management.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/epidemiologia , Neoplasias/epidemiologia , Medição de Risco , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Glicemia/análise , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Hipercolesterolemia/epidemiologia , Hipertensão/epidemiologia , Incidência , Masculino , Nomogramas , Obesidade/epidemiologia , República da Coreia/epidemiologia , Fatores de Risco , Distribuição por Sexo , Fatores Sexuais
15.
J Am Heart Assoc ; 8(23): e012771, 2019 Dec 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31771440

RESUMO

Background While high levels of lipids and lipid variability are established risk factors for atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease, their roles in the development of atrial fibrillation (AF) are unclear, with previous studies suggesting a "cholesterol paradox." Methods and Results A nationwide population-based cohort of 3 660 385 adults (mean age 43.4 years) from the Korean National Health Insurance Service database, with ≥3 annual lipid measurements from 2009 to 2012 and without a history of AF or prescription of lipid-lowering medication before 2012, were identified. Total cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, and triglycerides levels were measured, and lipid variability was calculated using variability independent of the mean. The cohort was divided into quartiles by lipid levels and lipid variability and followed up for incident AF. During a median 5.4 years of follow-up, AF was newly diagnosed in 27 581 (0.75%). AF development was inversely associated with high lipid levels (for top versus bottom quartile; total cholesterol, HR 0.78, 95% CI 0.76-0.81; low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, HR 0.81, 95% CI 0.78-0.84; high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, HR 0.94, 95% CI 0.91-0.98; triglycerides, HR 0.88, 95% CI 0.85-0.92). Meanwhile, AF development was associated with high lipid variability (for top versus bottom quartile; total cholesterol, HR 1.09, 95% CI 1.06-1.13; low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, HR 1.12, 95% CI 1.08-1.16; high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, HR 1.08, 95% CI 1.04-1.12; triglycerides, HR 1.05, 95% CI 1.01-1.08). Men showed greater risk reduction with high triglyceride levels and greater risk with high triglyceride variability for incident AF. Conclusions Low cholesterol levels and high cholesterol variability were associated with a higher risk of AF development.

16.
Am J Cardiol ; 124(12): 1881-1888, 2019 Dec 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31668346

RESUMO

The relation of progression of type 2 diabetes and detailed fasting glucose level with risk of atrial fibrillation (AF) is not well known. A total of 6,199,629 subjects not diagnosed with AF who underwent health check-up in 2009 were included from the Korean National Health Insurance Service database. Risk of AF was compared among subjects with normal fasting glucose (NFG), subjects with impaired fasting glucose (IFG), patients with diabetes duration <5 years (early diabetes mellitus [DM]), and patients with diabetes duration ≥5 years (late DM). Next, risk of AF stratified by fasting glucose level per 10 mg/dL was assessed. During a mean follow-up of 7.2 years, the risk of AF significantly increased across the time course of type 2 diabetes (adjusted hazard ratio (aHR) 1.04, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.02 to 1.05 for IFG; aHR 1.06, 95% CI 1.04 to 1.08 for early DM; aHR 1.09, 95% CI 1.07 to 1.11 for late DM). The risk of AF was significantly higher in subjects who progressed to type 2 diabetes in the IFG group. Risk of AF increased with a 10 mg/dL increment of fasting blood glucose (p-for-trend <0.0001). However, there was a U-shape relationship between fasting blood glucose and risk of AF in those who received antidiabetic medication. In conclusion, the risk of AF increased with the time course of type 2 diabetes. However, low blood glucose in antidiabetic medication user was associated with an increased risk of AF.

17.
Sci Rep ; 9(1): 16581, 2019 Nov 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31719568

RESUMO

Psoriasis is a chronic inflammatory skin disorder mediated by the T-cell-related immune response. Psoriatic patients may have a variety of comorbidities, but their risk of end-stage renal disease (ESRD), particularly according to the subtype of psoriasis, is unclear. We investigated the risk of ESRD in patients with psoriasis according to the subtype of psoriasis and history of systemic therapy for psoriasis. A total of 2,121,228 adults (1,590,921 in the control group and 530,307 in the psoriasis group) were enrolled in this nationwide population-based cohort study until 2015. During follow-up, 1,434 of the subjects in the psoriasis group developed ESRD. After adjusting for confounding factors, psoriasis was associated with the risk of ESRD (hazard ratio (HR) 1.58, 95% confidence interval [95% CI] 1.47-1.68). The psoriatic arthritis group (HR 7.60, 95% CI 1.90-30.41) had a higher risk of ESRD than the control group. Interestingly, no such association was detected in the systemically treated group (HR 1.07, 95% CI 0.80-1.41). Moreover, the acitretin-treated group had a lower risk of ESRD (HR 0.658, 95% CI, 0.494-0.875) than the non-systemically treated group. In conclusion, the risk of developing ESRD in patients with psoriasis differed according to the type of treatment and the presence of arthritis.

18.
Sci Rep ; 9(1): 15503, 2019 Oct 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31664094

RESUMO

NTM infection demonstrates an increasing incidence and prevalence. We studied the impact of NTM in cardiovascular events. Using the Korean nationwide database, we included newly diagnosed 1,730 NTM patients between 2005 and 2008 and followed up for new-onset atrial fibrillation (AF), myocardial infarction (MI), heart failure (HF), ischemic stroke (IS), and death. Covariates-matched non-NTM subjects (1:5, n = 8,650) were selected and analyzed. Also, NTM infection was classified into indolent or progressive NTM for risk stratification. During 4.16 ± 1.15 years of the follow-up period, AF, MI, HF, IS, and death were newly diagnosed in 87, 125, 121, 162, and 468 patients. In multivariate analysis, NTM group showed an increased risk of AF (hazard ratio [HR] 2.307, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.560-3.412) and all-cause death (HR 1.751, 95% CI 1.412-2.172) compared to non-NTM subjects, whereas no significant difference in MI (HR 0.868, 95% CI 0.461-1.634), HF (HR 1.259, 95% CI 0.896-2.016), and IS (HR 1.429, 95% CI 0.981-2.080). After stratification, 1,730 NTM patients were stratified into 1,375 (79.5%) indolent NTM group and 355 (20.5%) progressive NTM group. Progressive NTM showed an increased risk of AF and mortality than indolent NTM group. Screening for AF and IS prevention would be appropriate in these high-risk patients.

19.
Europace ; 2019 Oct 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31620800

RESUMO

AIMS: Heavy consumption of alcohol is a known risk factor for new-onset atrial fibrillation (AF). We aimed to evaluate the relative importance of frequent drinking vs. binge drinking. METHODS AND RESULTS: A total of 9 776 956 patients without AF who participated in a national health check-up programme were included in the analysis. The influence of drinking frequency (day per week), alcohol consumption per drinking session (grams per session), and alcohol consumption per week were studied. Compared with patients who drink twice per week (reference group), patients who drink once per week showed the lowest risk [hazard ratio (HR) 0.933, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.916-0.950] and those who drink everyday had the highest risk for new-onset AF (HR 1.412, 95% CI 1.373-1.453), respectively. However, the amount of alcohol intake per drinking session did not present any clear association with new-onset AF. Regardless of whether weekly alcohol intake exceeded 210 g, the frequency of drinking was significantly associated with the risk of new-onset AF. In contrast, when patients were stratified by weekly alcohol intake (210 g per week), those who drink large amounts of alcohol per drinking session showed a lower risk of new-onset AF. CONCLUSION: Frequent drinking and amount of alcohol consumption per week were significant risk factors for new-onset AF, whereas the amount of alcohol consumed per each drinking session was not an independent risk factor. Avoiding the habit of consuming a low but frequent amount of alcohol might therefore be important to prevent AF.

20.
Heart Rhythm ; 2019 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31585180

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Obesity and weight gain are established risk factors for atrial fibrillation (AF). OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate whether bodyweight variability is also a risk factor for AF development. METHODS: A nationwide population-based cohort of 8,091,401 adults from the Korean National Health Insurance Service database without a history of AF and with ≥3 measurements of bodyweight over a 5-year period were followed up for incident AF. Intraindividual bodyweight variability was calculated using variability independent of mean, and high bodyweight variability was defined as the quartile with the highest variability (Q4) with Q1-Q3 as reference. RESULTS: During median 8.1 years of follow-up, each increase of 1 SD in bodyweight variability was associated with a 5% increased risk of AF development, and the quartile with the highest bodyweight variability showed 14% increased risk of AF development compared to the quartile with the lowest variability (hazard ratio 1.14; 95% confidence interval 1.12-1.15), after adjustment for baseline bodyweight, height, age, sex, lifestyle factors, and comorbidities. High bodyweight variability was significantly associated with AF development in all baseline body mass index (BMI) groups except the very obese (BMI ≥30), and this association was stronger in subjects with lower bodyweight. High bodyweight variability was associated with increased risk of incident AF in all weight change groups, with a stronger association in those who lost weight. CONCLUSION: Bodyweight fluctuation was independently associated with an increased risk of AF development, especially in individuals with low bodyweight, and regardless of weight gain or loss.

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