Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 1.576
Filtrar
1.
J Clin Lab Anal ; : e24489, 2022 May 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35545753

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: miR-155-5p is associated with autoimmune diseases. T helper 17 (Th17) cells, interleukin (IL)-17, and suppressor of cytokines signaling 1 (SOCS1) have important roles in the pathogenesis of systemic sclerosis (SSc). The purpose of this study was to explore the role of miR-155-5p in the regulation of IL-17 and SOCS1 expression in Th17 cells and the subsequent effect on SSc disease progression. METHODS: Th17 cells were isolated from peripheral blood mononuclear cells of SSc patients and healthy controls (HCs). RT-qPCR and western blotting were used to examine the expression patterns of miR-155-5p, IL-17, and SOCS1. Luciferase reporter assays were performed to confirm SOCS1 as a target of miR-155-5p. RNA pull-down assays were performed to detect the interaction of IL-17 and SOCS1 with miR-155-5p. In situ hybridization was performed to analyze the co-expression pattern of miR-155-5p and IL17A in Th17 cells. RESULTS: The levels of Th17 cell-derived miR-155-5p were significantly up-regulated in SSc patients compared with HCs, and its levels were negatively correlated with SOCS1 levels. Meanwhile, miR-155-5p positively regulated IL-17 expression levels in Th17 cells isolated from SSc patients as the disease progressed. Using pmirGLO vectors, SOCS1 was confirmed as a target of miR-155-5p. The binding status of IL-17 and SOCS1 to miR-155-5p was related to SSc progression. An increase in the co-localization of miR-155-5p and IL-17 was associated with greater SSc progression. CONCLUSIONS: IL-17 and SOCS1 expression modulated by Th17 cell-derived miR-155-5p are critical for SSc progression, which may provide novel insights into the pathogenesis of SSc.

2.
J Am Chem Soc ; 2022 May 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35522220

RESUMO

Here, we describe the unexpected discovery of a Cu-catalyzed condensation polymerization reaction of propargylic electrophiles (CPPE) that transforms simple C3 building blocks into polydiynes of C6 repeating units. This reaction was achieved by a simple system composed of a copper acetylide initiator and an electron-rich phosphine ligand. Alkyne polymers (up to 33.8 kg/mol) were produced in good yields and exclusive regioselectivity with high functional group compatibility. Hydrogenation of the product afforded a new polyolefin-type backbone, while base-mediated isomerization led to a new type of dienyne-based electron-deficient conjugated polymer. Mechanistic studies revealed a new α-α selective Cu-catalyzed dimerization pathway of the C3 unit, followed by in situ organocopper-mediated chain-growth propagation. These insights not only provide an important understanding of the Cu-catalyzed CPPE of C3, C4, and C6 monomers in general but also lead to a significantly improved synthesis of polydiynes from simpler starting materials with handles for the incorporation of an α-end functional group.

3.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 101(16): e29114, 2022 Apr 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35482982

RESUMO

RATIONALE: Thrombolysis after cardiopulmonary resuscitation in patients with acute ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) is controversial. This case report describes a successful thrombolysis after resuscitation in delayed-diagnosis STEMI. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 58-year-old man presented with acute abdominal pain as the first symptom of a subsequent STEMI diagnosis. When he returned to the clinic after having been assisted with abdominal pain relief, he suffered a sudden cardiac arrest. Cardiopulmonary resuscitation was performed immediately, and thrombolysis was carried out for his anterior STEMI. He was successfully resuscitated in a short period of time. DIAGNOSIS: The patient was diagnosed with acute and extensive anterior STEMI. The D-dimer level was normal, and pericardial effusion was ruled out. INTERVENTIONS: After successful resuscitation, the patient received half-dose alteplase thrombolytic therapy. After a few days, the patient was transferred to a general ward. Coronary angiography revealed unobstructed flow in the left anterior descending artery. OUTCOMES: The ST segment of the patient gradually declined after thrombolytic therapy, and the myocardial injury marker levels increased. A small amount of pleural fluid in the lungs and pulmonary infection were observed. With effective diuretic, anti-infective, and other treatments, the patient's condition gradually improved, the ventilator was removed, and vasoactive drugs were successfully discontinued. Coronary angiography revealed that the flow of the culprit artery was unobstructed, and a drug-coated balloon was implanted. No wall motion abnormalities were detected on echocardiography, and the patient recovered well. CONCLUSIONS: In patients with abdominal pain as the first presentation, a simple initial electrocardiogram may help reduce the risk of missed STEMI diagnosis. Thrombolysis after successful resuscitation is an effective treatment for these patients. However, the effects of thrombolysis after resuscitation remain unclear. The point of dispute lies in the effectiveness and safety of thrombolysis (primarily for bleeding). Prompt thrombolysis would lead to a better prognosis if spontaneous circulation can be restored within 10 minutes.


Assuntos
Reanimação Cardiopulmonar , Infarto do Miocárdio , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST , Dor Abdominal/etiologia , Reanimação Cardiopulmonar/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Infarto do Miocárdio/etiologia , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/complicações , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/terapia , Terapia Trombolítica/efeitos adversos
4.
Diagn Microbiol Infect Dis ; 103(2): 115677, 2022 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35417835

RESUMO

Accurate detection of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 is not only necessary for viral load monitoring to optimize treatment in hospitalized coronavirus disease 2019 patients, but also critical for deciding whether the patient could be discharged without any risk of viral shedding. Digital droplet PCR (ddPCR) is more sensitive than reverse transcription quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR) and is usually considered the superior choice. In the current study, we compared the clinical performance of RT-qPCR and ddPCR using oropharyngeal swab samples from patients hospitalized in the temporary Huoshenshan Hospital, Wuhan, Hubei, China. Results demonstrated that ddPCR was indeed more sensitive than RT-qPCR. Negative results might be caused by poor sampling technique or recovered patients, as the range of viral load in these patients varied significantly. In addition, both methods were highly correlated in terms of their ability to detect all three target genes as well as the ratio of copies of viral genes to that of the IC gene. Furthermore, our results evidenced that both methods detected the N gene more easily than the ORF gene. Taken together, these findings imply that the use of ddPCR, as an alternative to RT-qPCR, is necessary for the accurate diagnosis of hospitalized coronavirus disease 2019 patients.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , SARS-CoV-2 , COVID-19/diagnóstico , Humanos , RNA Viral/genética , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase em Tempo Real/métodos , Transcrição Reversa , SARS-CoV-2/genética , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Carga Viral/métodos
5.
Bioorg Chem ; 124: 105819, 2022 Apr 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35468414

RESUMO

Germacradienol is a main precursor in the biosynthesis of geosmin-type terpenes by a variety of microbes, but its biological activities are still unknown. In the biosynthetic mechanism study of an antifungal degraded sesquiterpenoid (1ß,4ß,4aß,8aα)-4,8a-dimethyloctahydronaphthalene-1,4a(2H)-diol (5) with a geosmin scaffold, the germacradienol synthase B7C62_00490 was identified. To exploit the synthetic potential of the enzyme to create germacradienol, engineered strains were constructed by introducing key synthases of farnesyl diphosphate, germacradienol synthase B7C62_00490 and glycosyltransferase UGT73C5 in Escherichia coli BL21(DE3). Germacradienol (1) and the novel glycosylated derivate germacradienyl-11-O-ß-d-glucopyranoside (3) were successfully obtained from engineered strains. The cytotoxic activity against nine human cancer cell lines and antimicrobial activities against a panel of bacteria and fungi of germacradienol analogs derived from engineered strains were evaluated. Germacradienol demonstrated multiple biological activities, including broad antimicrobial activities with MIC values ranging from 12.5 to 25.0 µg/mL and cytotoxic activities with IC50 values ranging from 21.0 to 83.5 µM. However, the glycosylated germacradienol was inactive.

6.
RSC Adv ; 12(14): 8435-8442, 2022 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35424814

RESUMO

Due to remarkable fluorescence characteristics, lanthanide coordination polymers (CP) have been widely employed in fluorescence detection, but it is rarely reported that they act as multifunctional luminescent probes dedicated to detecting malachite green (MG) and various metal ions. A europium-based CP fluorescent probe, Eu(PDCA)2(H2O)6 (PDCA = 2,6-pyridinedicarboxylic acid), has been synthesized and exhibited excellent recognition ability for malachite green and metal cations (Cr3+, Fe3+ and Cu2+) among 11 metal cations, 13 anions and six other compounds. The recognition was achieved by fluorescence quenching when MG, Cr3+, Fe3+ and Cu2+ were added to a suspension of Eu(PDCA)2(H2O)6 respectively. Eu(PDCA)2(H2O)6 is a multifunctional luminescent probe, and displayed high quenching efficiencies K sv (2.10 × 106 M-1 for MG; 1.46 × 105 M-1 for Cr3+; 7.26 × 105 M-1 for Fe3+; 3.64 × 105 M-1 for Cu2+), and low detection limits (MG: 0.039 µM; Cr3+: 0.539 µM; Fe3+: 0.490 µM; Cu2+: 0.654 µM), presenting excellent selectivity and sensitivity, especially for MG. In addition, Eu(PDCA)2(H2O)6 was also made into fluorescent test strips, which can rapidly and effectively examine trace amounts of MG, Cr3+, Fe3+ and Cu2+ in aqueous solutions. This work provides a new perspective for detecting malachite green in fish ponds and heavy metal ions in waste water.

7.
RSC Adv ; 12(16): 9883-9890, 2022 Mar 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35424908

RESUMO

Constructing 2D inorganic perovskites and TMDs heterostructures is an effective method to design stable and high-performance perovskites optoelectronic applications. Here, we investigate the optoelectronic properties and interfacial interactions of Cs2PbX4-MSe2 (X = Cl, Br, I; M = Mo, W) heterostructures using first-principles calculations. Firstly, six Cs2PbX4-MSe2 interfaces remain stable in energy. With the halogen varying from Cl to I, the interlayer distances of Cs2PbX4-MSe2 heterostructures increase rapidly. The CBM and VBM of monolayer Cs2PbX4 are all higher than that of monolayer MSe2 and the charges transfer from Cs2PbX4 interfaces to MSe2 interfaces when they contact. Both Cs2PbX4-MSe2 heterostructures are type-II heterostructures, which can drive the photogenerated electrons and holes to move in opposite directions. What's more, Cs2PbCl4-MoSe2 heterostructures exhibit the highest charge transport efficiency among Cs2PbX4-MoSe2 heterostructures because Cs2PbCl4-MoSe2 heterostructures have the lowest exciton binding energies among Cs2PbX4-MSe2 heterostructures. In addition, the optical absorptions of all heterostructures are significantly higher than the corresponding Cs2PbX4 monolayers and MSe2 monolayers. The construction of Cs2PbX4-MoSe2 heterostructures is beneficial for improving the photoelectric performance of two-dimensional perovskite devices. Lastly, we found that the Cs2PbI4-WSe2 heterostructure has the largest PCE (18%) among Cs2PbX4-MSe2 heterostructures. The Cs2PbCl4-MoSe2 heterostructure exhibits great potential application in photodetector devices and the Cs2PbI4-WSe2 heterostructure has great potential application in solar cells.

8.
Front Neurol ; 13: 836949, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35463154

RESUMO

Purpose: Data on sleep parameters by polysomnography (PSG) in patients with anxiety-related disorders are limited. Although the disturbance and risk factors of sleep misperception have been implicated in psychopathology, its role in anxiety-related disorders remains unclear. This retrospective study aimed to explore the characteristics and sleep parameters in patients with anxiety-related disorders and different sleep perception types, and to explore the associated factors for sleep misperception. Methods: Patients with anxiety-related disorders who had complaint of insomnia for more than 3 months were collected at Wuhan Mental Health Center between December 2019 and July 2021. Patients underwent a two-night PSG monitoring and completed a self-reported sleep questionnaire. Behaviors were assessed using 30-item Nurses' Observation Scale for Inpatient Evaluation (NOSIE-30). Patients were divided into normal sleep perception (NSP), positive sleep perception abnormality [PSPA; overestimation of total sleep time (TST) >60 min], and negative sleep perception abnormality (NSPA; underestimation of TST >60 min) groups. PSG indicators and NOSIE-30 scores were compared among groups using the one-way analysis of variance and the Kruskal-Wallis test. Multiple linear regression analysis was performed to determine the associated factors for misperception index. Results: The subjective and objective TST were 5.5 ± 1.9 h and 6.4 ± 1.7 h in 305 patients, respectively. Sixty-nine (22.6%) had PSPA, 80 (26.2%) had NSP, and 156 (51.1%) had NSPA. Subjective TST and objective sleep parameters were significantly different among groups. No statistical differences in NOSIE-30 subscale and total scores were observed among groups. Sex, rapid eye movement (REM)/TST (%), sleep efficiency, number of awakenings, Non-rapid eye movement of stage 2 sleep (NREM)/TST (%), REM spontaneous arousal times, sleep latency, diagnosis, social competence, and manifest psychosis were associated with sleep misperception. Conclusion: Sleep misperception is common in patients with anxiety-related disorders. Various sleep perception types have different PSG profiles, but similar personal and social behaviors. These data may be helpful to conduct personalized treatment.

9.
Front Microbiol ; 13: 848305, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35464951

RESUMO

Viruses are extremely abundant in the soil environment and have potential roles in impacting on microbial population, evolution, and nutrient biogeochemical cycles. However, how environment and climate changes affect soil viruses is still poorly understood. Here, a metagenomic approach was used to investigate the distribution, diversity, and potential biogeochemical impacts of DNA viruses in 12 grassland soils under three precipitation gradients on the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau, which is one of the most sensitive areas to climate change. A total of 557 viral operational taxonomic units were obtained, spanning 152 viral families from the 30 metagenomes. Both virus-like particles (VLPs) and microbial abundance increased with average annual precipitation. A significant positive correlation of VLP counts was observed with soil water content, total carbon, total nitrogen, soil organic matter, and total phosphorus. Among these biological and abiotic factors, SWC mainly contributed to the variability in VLP abundance. The order Caudovirales (70.1% of the identified viral order) was the predominant viral type in soils from the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau, with the Siphoviridae family being the most abundant. Remarkably, abundant auxiliary carbohydrate-active enzyme (CAZyme) genes represented by glycoside hydrolases were identified, indicating that soil viruses may play a potential role in the carbon cycle on the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau. There were more diverse hosts and abundant CAZyme genes in soil with moderate precipitation. Our study provides a strong evidence that changes in precipitation impact not only viral abundance and virus-host interactions in soil but also the viral functional potential, especially carbon cycling.

10.
Endocrine ; 2022 Apr 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35366156

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Mutations in DNA mismatch repair (MMR) genes associated with thyroid carcinoma (TC) have rarely been reported, especially in East Asian populations. METHODS: We examined tumor tissue from a cohort of 241 patients diagnosed with TC between 2008 and 2020. MMR proteins were detected using tissue microarray-based immunohistochemistry in order to identify MMR-protein-deficient (MMR-D) and MMR-protein-intact (MMR-I) tumors. We retrospectively summarized the clinicopathologic characteristics of patients with MMR-D TC, measured the expression of PD-L1, and recorded overall survival (OS) and other clinical outcomes. RESULTS: In our cohort, there were 18 (7.5%) MMR-D (MLH1, MSH2, MSH6, and PMS2) patients, including 12 with papillary TC (PTC) (6.7%), 2 with poorly differentiated TC (PDTC) (4.7%), and 4 with anaplastic TC (ATC) (22.2%). Half of them (9/18) showed a specific deletion in MSH6, and 6 of them also carried variants in the MSH6 and PMS2 gene. Survival was significantly better in patients with MMR-D ATC than in those with MMR-I tumors (p = 0.033). Four of the 18 MMR-D patients (22%) were found to be PD-L1 positive. Their OS was much shorter than that of PD-L1-negative patients. CONCLUSIONS: MMR-D and PD-L1 positivity appear to be associated with clinicopathological characteristics and prognosis in TC. The results indicate that MMR status may have important prognostic significance in TC. Therefore, immune checkpoint inhibitors that target the PD-1/PD-L1 pathway may be a treatment option for TCs.

11.
Stem Cell Res Ther ; 13(1): 153, 2022 Apr 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35395948

RESUMO

Pancreatic diseases, a serious threat to human health, have garnered considerable research interest, as they are associated with a high mortality rate. However, owing to the uncertain etiology and complex pathophysiology, the treatment of pancreatic diseases is a challenge for clinicians and researchers. Exosomes, carriers of intercellular communication signals, play an important role in the diagnosis and treatment of pancreatic diseases. Exosomes are involved in multiple stages of pancreatic disease development, including apoptosis, immune regulation, angiogenesis, cell migration, and cell proliferation. Thus, extensive alterations in the quantity and variety of exosomes may be indicative of abnormal biological behaviors of pancreatic cells. This phenomenon could be exploited for the development of exosomes as a new biomarker or target of new treatment strategies. Several studies have demonstrated the diagnostic and therapeutic effects of exosomes in cancer and inflammatory pancreatic diseases. Herein, we introduce the roles of exosomes in the diagnosis and treatment of pancreatic diseases and discuss directions for future research and perspectives of their applications.


Assuntos
Exossomos , Pancreatopatias , Neoplasias Pancreáticas , Comunicação Celular , Humanos , Pâncreas , Pancreatopatias/diagnóstico , Pancreatopatias/terapia , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/terapia
12.
Pathol Res Pract ; 234: 153896, 2022 Apr 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35462228

RESUMO

Sepsis is a systemic inflammatory syndrome caused by infection disorders. The core mechanism of sepsis is immune dysfunction. Neutrophils are the most abundant circulating white blood cells, which play a crucial role in mediating the innate immune response. Previous studies have shown that an effective way to treat sepsis is through the regulation of neutrophil functions. Autophagy, a highly conserved degradation process, is responsible for removing denatured proteins or damaged organelles within cells and protecting cells from external stimuli. It is a key homeostasis process that promotes neutrophil function and differentiation. Autophagy has been shown to be closely associated with inflammation and immunity. Neutrophils, the first line of innate immunity, migrate to inflammatory sites upon their activation. Neutrophil-mediated autophagy may participate in the clinical course of sepsis. In this review, we summarized and analyzed the latest research findings on the changes in neutrophil external traps during sepsis, the regulatory role of autophagy in neutrophil, and the potential application of autophagy-driven NETs in sepsis, so as to guide clinical treatment of sepsis.

13.
J Healthc Eng ; 2022: 9331284, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35251583

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Believed to be a result of metabolic syndrome and unhealthy lifestyle, the incidence of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) has become a serious public health problem. Among the high-income male population, metabolic syndrome and unhealthy lifestyle are particularly prominent. Therefore, we conducted a survey on 375 high-income male subjects, expecting to understand the risk factors and related factors for morbidity of NAFLD among the high-income male population being physically examined in Shanghai. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was applied to 375 high-income male subjects (including 190 patients with NAFLD and 185 non-NAFLD subjects) who were examined in the special needs clinic at Huadong Hospital affiliated to Fudan University. In combination with medical history, physical examination, and laboratory test results and by use of a self-made NAFLD health questionnaire, the basic data of the research objects were collected and the obtained data were subject to a correlation analysis. RESULTS: This study investigated 375 high-income males, and the morbidity rate of NAFLD was 50.67%. The NAFLD group was higher than the non-NAFLD group in terms of body weight, BMI, systolic blood pressure, and diastolic blood pressure (P < 0.05). Hypertension (OR = 2.944), diabetes (OR = 7.278), and hyperuricemia (OR = 1.922) are the risk factors for NAFLD; compared with no metabolic diseases, one (OR = 1.848), two (OR = 2.417), and three metabolic diseases (OR = 14.788) are risk factors for the development of NAFLD. Compared with the non-NAFLD group, the NAFLD group had a higher level of WBC, RBC, Hb, PLT, FPG, HbA1c, ALT, AST, GGT, ALP, TP, and UA (P < 0.05). There was a statistically significant difference in the intake of supper and staple foods between the NAFLD group and the non-NAFLD group, and the highly greasy diet was a risk factor for NAFLD (OR = 2.173) as opposed to the nongreasy diet. CONCLUSION: High-income male population is a high-risk group of NAFLD. Most of the patients with NAFLD have abnormal biochemical indicators as opposed to the healthy population and are more likely to be complicated with other chronic diseases or abnormal health status. And the occurrence of hypertension, diabetes, and hyperuricemia is the risk factor for the development of NAFLD. At the same time, the number of metabolic diseases complicated is also a risk factor for NAFLD as compared with the absence of complications with such metabolic diseases. Compared with a diet that is not greasy, the fact that high-income male NAFLD patients have a very greasy diet increases the risk of NAFLD.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus , Hipertensão , Hiperuricemia , Síndrome Metabólica , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica , China/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Hipertensão/diagnóstico , Hipertensão/epidemiologia , Incidência , Masculino , Síndrome Metabólica/epidemiologia , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/diagnóstico , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/epidemiologia , Fatores de Risco
14.
J Am Chem Soc ; 144(10): 4315-4320, 2022 03 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35245047

RESUMO

Here we report a copper-catalyzed formal dehydration polymerization of propargylic alcohols. Copper catalysis allows for efficient in situ generation of [n]cumulenes (n = 3, 5) by a soft deprotonation/ß-elimination pathway and subsequent polymerization via organocopper species. Alkyne polymers (Mn up to 36.2 kg/mol) were produced with high efficiency (up to 95% yield) and excellent functional group tolerance. One-pot synthesis of semiconducting head-to-head poly(phenylacetylene) was demonstrated through a polymerization-isomerization sequence.


Assuntos
Cobre , Desidratação , Alcinos , Catálise , Humanos , Polienos , Polimerização
15.
J Affect Disord ; 306: 90-114, 2022 06 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35304232

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Systematic reviews that have examined associations between sedentary behaviour (SB) and mental health among children and adolescents are mainly based on cross-sectional investigations. There is a lack of evidence for a prospective relationship between SB and mental health in children and adolescents. This systematic review synthesized longitudinal studies that examined prospective associations between SB and mental health among children and adolescents. METHODS: We conducted computer searches for English language literature from electronic databases of PubMed, Embase, PsycInfo and Google scholar, and manually screened the references of existing relevant studies to select studies for the synthesis. We included observational longitudinal studies that assessed the association between SB and mental health among children and adolescents. This systematic review followed the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines. RESULTS: In total, 58 longitudinal studies met the inclusion criteria and were synthesized in the review. We found that higher SB among children and adolescents was associated with increased depression, anxiety and other mental health problems later in life. A dose-response association between SB and mental health was observed, suggesting that children and adolescents who spend more time on SB may have a higher risk of developing poorer mental health later. CONCLUSIONS: The findings in the present study suggest that intervention programs targeting reducing SB may benefit to the prevention of poor mental health among children and adolescents. Future intervention studies especially randomized controlled trials are needed to elucidate a causal relationship between SB and mental health among children and adolescents.


Assuntos
Saúde Mental , Comportamento Sedentário , Adolescente , Ansiedade , Criança , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais
16.
J Clin Transl Hepatol ; 10(1): 80-89, 2022 Feb 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35233376

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The prognosis of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is extremely poor; therefore, there is an urgent need for novel prognostic molecular biomarkers of HCC. The current investigation utilized circular (circ)RNA-associated competing endogenous (ce)RNAs analysis in order to identify significant prognostic biomarkers of HCC. METHODS: CircRNAs and mRNAs that were differentially expressed between normal and HCC tissues were identified. Their respective functions were predicted with Gene Ontology enrichment and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes enrichment analyses. A nomogram was used for model verification. RESULTS: A ceRNA network composed of differentially expressed circRNAs and mRNAs was constructed. Significant hub nodes in the ceRNA network were hsa_circ_0004662, hsa_circ_0005735, hsa_circ_0006990, hsa_circ_0018403 and hsa_circ_0100609. By using this information, a prognostic risk assessment tool was developed based on the expressions of seven genes (PLOD2, TARS, RNF19B, CCT2, RAN, C5orf30 and MCM10). Furthermore, multivariate Cox regression analysis revealed risk and T-stage parameters as independent prognostic factors. The nomograms that were constructed from risk and T-stage groups were used to further assess the prediction of HCC patient survival rates. The nomogram, which consisted of risk and T-stage scores assessment models, was found to be an independent factor for predicting prognosis of HCC. CONCLUSIONS: Five circRNAs, including hsa_circ_0004662, hsa_circ_0005735, hsa_circ_0006990, hsa_circ_0018403 and hsa_circ_0100609, that may play key roles in the progression of HCC were identified. Seven gene signatures were identified, which were associated with the aforementioned circRNAs, including PLOD2, TARS, RNF19B, CCT2, RAN, C5orf30 and MCM10, all of which were significant genes involved in the pathophysiology of HCC. These genes may be used as a prognosticating tool in HCC patients.

17.
Cell Rep ; 38(13): 110559, 2022 03 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35354039

RESUMO

Host genes critical for viral infection are effective antiviral drug targets with tremendous potential due to their universal characteristics against different subtypes of viruses and minimization of drug resistance. Accordingly, we execute a genome-wide CRISPR-Cas9 screen with multiple rounds of survival selection. Enriched in this screen are several genes critical for host sialic acid biosynthesis and transportation, including the cytohesin 2 (CYTH2), tetratricopeptide repeat protein 24 (TTC24), and N-acetylneuraminate synthase (NANS), which we confirm are responsible for efficient influenza viral infection. Moreover, we reveal that CYTH2 is required for the early stage of influenza virus infection by mediating endosomal trafficking. Furthermore, CYTH2 antagonist SecinH3 blunts influenza virus infection in vivo. In summary, these data suggest that CYTH2 is an attractive target for developing host-directed antiviral drugs and therapeutics against influenza virus infection.


Assuntos
Vírus da Influenza A , Influenza Humana , Antivirais/farmacologia , Sistemas CRISPR-Cas/genética , Endossomos , Humanos , Vírus da Influenza A/genética , Influenza Humana/tratamento farmacológico , Influenza Humana/genética
18.
Pharmacol Res ; 179: 106189, 2022 Mar 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35331865

RESUMO

Recently, comparative studies have rapidly increased with the closer correlation between microbiota and neurological diseases. However, most insights about the association between microbiota and neurological diseases still focus on the gut-brain axis and ignore that nasal microbiota could form a complex and essential link with the nervous system via the nose-to-brain pathway, suggesting the role in modulating the immune system, metabolic system, and nervous system development, which influence the physiopathology of neurological diseases. Due to the complex interactions between nasal microbiota and the brain, the nasal microbiota may have a particular pathogenic effect and therapeutic potential on neurological diseases. Therefore, this review aims to deeply analyze the dual effects of nasal microbiota on neurological diseases, focusing on pathogenic and therapeutic effects to provide a new perspective for preventing and treating neurological diseases by altering nasal microbiota. This review concludes the bidirectional effects of nasal microbiota on neurological diseases, including the pathogenicity and potential treatment on Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease, Multiple sclerosis, and Stroke. Furthermore, modern medical technology combined with artificial intelligence, including implantable sensors, modeling software, and nanofluid techniques, may further study the complex effects between nasal microbiota and the brain, thereby providing new options for treating neurological diseases.

19.
Ren Fail ; 44(1): 461-472, 2022 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35272573

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: IgA Nephropathy (IgAN) is common chronic kidney disease with a high incidence. This study aims to analyze comprehensively therapeutic clinical trials for IgAN registered on ClinicalTrials.gov. METHODS: Therapeutic trials for IgAN registered on ClinicalTrials.gov. up to 15 August 2021 were obtained. The general characteristics, features of experimental design, treatment strategies, and some main inclusion criteria and outcome measures were accessed. RESULTS: A total of 104 therapeutic clinical trials for IgAN were extracted on ClinicalTrials.gov up to 15 August 2021. Most of these trials explored the treatment for primary IgAN confirmed by renal biopsy in adults. Only 9% of all selected trials had results. Forty-five percent of trials recruited 50 or fewer participants, and 73% were adults or older adults. 99% of trials were interventional studies, and of all the interventional trials, 70% of trials were randomized, and 68% exercised a parallel assignment of intervention model. Immunosuppression was the most studied for the treatment of IgAN. Moreover, many novel agents had been increasingly studied in recent years. Furthermore, the inclusion criteria and primary outcome measures in these trials were diverse, and the level of proteinuria and change of proteinuria levels were the most used as inclusion criteria and primary outcome, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: The majority of therapeutic trials for IgAN were randomized, none masking and parallel-assignment interventional studies, primarily recruiting adult patients as research subjects. These trials had relatively small sample sizes and short observation. Thus, more large-scale, multicenter, and randomized controlled trials are still needed to improve the management for IgAN.


Assuntos
Glomerulonefrite por IGA/tratamento farmacológico , Imunossupressores/uso terapêutico , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto , Ensaios Clínicos como Assunto/estatística & dados numéricos , Compreensão , Humanos , Seleção de Pacientes , Resultado do Tratamento
20.
Light Sci Appl ; 11(1): 53, 2022 Mar 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35273145

RESUMO

Despite the considerable effort, fast and highly sensitive photodetection is not widely available at the low-photon-energy range (~meV) of the electromagnetic spectrum, owing to the challenging light funneling into small active areas with efficient conversion into an electrical signal. Here, we provide an alternative strategy by efficiently integrating and manipulating at the nanoscale the optoelectronic properties of topological Dirac semimetal PtSe2 and its van der Waals heterostructures. Explicitly, we realize strong plasmonic antenna coupling to semimetal states near the skin-depth regime (λ/104), featuring colossal photoresponse by in-plane symmetry breaking. The observed spontaneous and polarization-sensitive photocurrent are correlated to strong coupling with the nonequilibrium states in PtSe2 Dirac semimetal, yielding efficient light absorption in the photon range below 1.24 meV with responsivity exceeding ∼0.2 A/W and noise-equivalent power (NEP) less than ~38 pW/Hz0.5, as well as superb ambient stability. Present results pave the way to efficient engineering of a topological semimetal for high-speed and low-energy photon harvesting in areas such as biomedical imaging, remote sensing or security applications.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...