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1.
FASEB J ; 2020 Mar 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32227389

RESUMO

The intervertebral disc degeneration (IVDD)-related diseases occur in more than 90% of the population older than 50 years. Owing to the lack of understanding of the cellular mechanisms involved in IVDD formation effective treatment options are still unavailable. Primary cilia are microtubule-based organelles that play important roles in the organ development. Intraflagellar transport (IFT) proteins are essential for the assembly and bidirectional transport within the cilium. Role of cilia and IFT80 protein in intervertebral disc (IVD) development, maintenance, and degeneration are largely unknown. Using cilia-GFP mice, we found presence of cilia on growth plate (GP), cartilage endplate (EP) annulus fibrosus (AF), and nucleus pulposus (NP) with varying ciliary length. Cilia length in NP and AF during IVDD were significantly decreased. However, cilia numbers increased by 63% in AF during repair. Deletion of IFT80 in type II collagen-positive cells resulted in cilia loss in GP and EP, and disrupted IVD structure with disorganized and decreased GP, EP, and internal AF (IAF), and less compact and markedly decreased gel-like matrix in the NP. Deletion of IFT80 in type I collagen-positive cells led to a disorganized outer AF (OAF) with thinner, loosened, and disconnected fiber alignment. Mechanistic analyses showed that loss of IFT80 caused a significant increase in cell apoptosis in the IVD, and a marked decrease in expression of chondrogenic markers - type II collagen, sox9, aggrecan, and hedgehog (Hh) signaling components, including Gli1 and Patch1 in the IVD of IFT80fl/fl ; Col2-creERT mice, and Gli1 and Patch1 expression in the OAF of IFT80fl/fl ; Col1-creERT mice. Interestingly, Smoothened agonist-SAG rescued OAF cell proliferation and osteogenic differentiation. Our findings demonstrate that ciliary IFT80 is important for the maintenance of IVD cell organization and function through regulating the cell survival and Hh signaling.

2.
Complement Ther Med ; 49: 102332, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32147062

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Much epidemiological evidence links diabetes mellitus (DM) to the development of multiple cancers and, in particular, the development of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). The aim of this study was to investigate whether Chinese herbal medicine (CHM) reduces the incidence of HCC in patients receiving Western antidiabetic drugs. INTERVENTIONS AND MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: This retrospective cohort study used data from the National Health Insurance Research Database involving 81,105 diabetic patients, including 5122 CHM users and 25,966 non-CHM users. Analyses of treatment effects were adjusted for covariates including gender, age, comorbidities, antidiabetic drugs and liver medications. NodeXL software performed a network analysis to identify the 50 most commonly used CHM herbs and formulas. RESULTS: In Cox proportional hazards models adjusted for demographic and clinical characteristics, DM patients exposed to adjuvant CHM therapy were significantly less likely to develop HCC compared with non-CHM users (adjusted hazard ratio [aHR] 0.59; 95 % confidence interval [CI], 0.41-0.87; p = 0.01). Kaplan-Meier analysis revealed a lower 10-year cumulative risk of HCC among CHM users compared with non-CHM users. Amongst the 10 individual CHM herbs and herbal formulas most commonly prescribed for DM, the most frequent were Salvia miltiorrhiza (Dan Shen) and Liu Wei Di Huang Wan, respectively. CONCLUSION: This nationwide retrospective cohort study from Taiwan provides some valuable insights into the prescribing characteristics of CHM treatment in patients with DM. Compared with use of Western antidiabetic medications alone, use of adjuvant CHM effectively reduces the incidence of HCC in patients with DM.

3.
Sci Adv ; 6(8): eaaw9960, 2020 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32128390

RESUMO

Triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) is life-threatening because of limited therapies and lack of effective therapeutic targets. Here, we found that moesin (MSN) was significantly overexpressed in TNBC compared with other subtypes of breast cancer and was positively correlated with poor overall survival. However, little is known about the regulatory mechanisms of MSN in TNBC. We found that MSN significantly stimulated breast cancer cell proliferation and invasion in vitro and tumor growth in vivo, requiring the phosphorylation of MSN and a nucleoprotein NONO-assisted nuclear localization of phosphorylated MSN with protein kinase C (PKC) and then the phosphorylation activation of CREB signaling by PKC. Our study also demonstrated that targeting MSN, NONO, or CREB significantly inhibited breast tumor growth in vivo. These results introduce a new understanding of MSN function in breast cancer and provide favorable evidence that MSN or its downstream molecules might serve as new targets for TNBC treatment.

4.
Int J Biol Sci ; 16(6): 970-980, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32140066

RESUMO

Osteoarthritis (OA) is a whole-joint disease characterized by cartilage destruction, subchondral bone sclerosis, osteophyte formation, and synovitis. However, it remains unclear which part of the joint undergoes initial pathological changes that drives OA onset and progression. In the present study, we investigated the longitudinal alterations of the entire knee joint using a surgically-induced OA mouse model. Histology analysis showed that synovitis occurred as early as 1 week after destabilization of the medial meniscus (DMM), which preceded the events of cartilage degradation, subchondral sclerosis and osteophyte formation. Importantly, key pro-inflammatory cytokines such as IL-1ß, IL-6, TNFα, and Ccl2, major matrix degrading enzymes including Adamts4, Mmp3 and Mmp13, as well as nerve growth factor (NGF), all increased significantly in both synovium and articular cartilage. It is notable that the inductions of these factors in synovium are far more extensive than those in articular cartilage. Results from behavioral tests demonstrated that sensitization of knee joint pain developed after 8 weeks, later than histological and molecular changes. In addition, the nanoindentation modulus of the medial tibiae decreased 4 weeks after DMM surgery, simultaneous with histological OA signs, which is also later than appearance of synovitis. Collectively, our data suggested that synovitis precedes and is associated with OA, and thus synovium may be an important target to intervene in OA treatment.

5.
Food Funct ; 2020 Mar 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32195489

RESUMO

As a dihydrochalcone, phloretin was reported to effectively attenuate palmitic acid (PA)-induced oxidative stress in endothelial cells. In the present study, we further investigated the antioxidant capacity of phloretin via restoring the activity of MnSOD through deacetylation in vitro and in vivo. The results revealed that phloretin (50 µM) treatment significantly increased the activity of MnSOD in the HUVECs and mouse aortas, and then obviously reduced the accumulation of mitochondrial ROS. Immunoprecipitation assay and Western blot analysis indicated that phloretin could decrease the lysine acetylation of MnSOD and restore its activity by promoting the expression of Sirt3 by increasing the phosphorylation of AMPK (Thr172). These findings provide a novel profile to explain the antioxidant activity of phloretin by reducing the acetylation level of MnSOD via an AMPK/Sirt3 signaling pathway.

6.
Curr Med Sci ; 2020 Mar 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32219625

RESUMO

Since December 2019, an outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has posed significant threats to the public health and life in China. Unlike the other 6 identified coronaviruses, the SARS-Cov-2 has a high infectious rate, a long incubation period and a variety of manifestations. In the absence of effective treatments for the virus, it becomes extremely urgent to develop scientific and standardized proposals for prevention and control of virus transmission. Hereby we focused on the surgical practice in Neurosurgery Department, Tongji Hospital, Wuhan, and drafted several recommendations based on the latest relevant guidelines and our experience. These recommendations have helped us until now to achieve 'zero infection' of doctors and nurses in our department, we would like to share them with other medical staff of neurosurgery to fight 2019-nCoV infection.

7.
Neurogenetics ; 2020 Mar 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32222895

RESUMO

Hereditary spastic paraplegias (HSP) are a group of rare neurodegenerative diseases characterized by progressive spastic paraparesis. UBAP1 was recently found to induce a rare type of HSP (SPG80). We identified a family with eight inherited spastic paraplegic patients carrying a novel heterozygous mutation c.279delG (p.S94Vfs*9) of UBAP1. We demonstrated a lack of functional UBAP1 in these patients, resulting in the neurological disorder caused by interceptions of the ESCRT pathway. Extending from the older onset-age identified from this family, we found that comparing with the European and other populations, Asian patients displayed less proportion of severe patients and an older average age at onset. The origins of SPG80 patients associated with both their onset age and their disease severity, while the age at onset was not correlated with the disease severity.

8.
Arthritis Rheumatol ; 2020 Mar 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32162789

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to elucidate the role of decorin, a small leucine-rich proteoglycan, in the degradation of cartilage matrix during the progression of post-traumatic osteoarthritis (PTOA). METHODS: The destabilization of the medial meniscus (DMM) surgery was applied to 3-month-old decorin-null and inducible decorin knockout mice to induce PTOA. The resulted OA phenotype was evaluated by assessing joint morphology and sulfated glycosaminoglycan (sGAG) staining via histology (n = 6/group), surface collagen fibril nanostructure via scanning electron microscopy (n = 4), tissue modulus via atomic force microscopy-nanoindentation (n ≥ 5) and subchondral bone structure via micro-computed tomography (n = 5). Femoral head cartilage explants from wild-type and decorin-null mice were subjected to the stimuli of inflammatory cytokine interleukin-1ß (IL-1ß) in vitro (n = 6). The resulting chondrocyte response to IL-1ß and release of sGAGs were quantified. RESULTS: In both decorin-null and inducible decorin knockout mice, the absence of decorin results in accelerated sGAG loss and formation of highly aligned collagen fibrils on cartilage surface relative to the control (p < 0.05). Also, decorin-null mice developed more salient osteophytes, illustrating more severe OA. In cartilage explants, with IL-1ß treatment, loss of decorin did not alter the expression of either anabolic or catabolic genes. However, a greater proportion of sGAGs was released to the media from decorin-null explants, in both live and devitalized conditions (p < 0.05). CONCLUSION: In PTOA, decorin delays the loss of fragmented aggrecan and fibrillation of cartilage surface, and thus, plays a protective role in ameliorating cartilage degeneration.

9.
J Bone Miner Res ; 2020 Mar 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32176817

RESUMO

The intervertebral disc is the largest avascular structure in the body and cells within the disc rely on diffusive transport via vasculature located within the vertebral endplate to receive nutrients, eliminate waste products, and maintain disc health. However, the mechanisms by which small molecule transport into the disc occurs in vivo, and how these parameters change with disc degeneration, remain understudied. Here, we utilize an in vivo rabbit puncture disc degeneration model to study these interactions, and provide evidence that remodeling of the endplate adjacent to the disc occurs concomitant with degeneration. Our results identify significant increases in endplate bone volume fraction, increases in micro-scale stiffness of the soft tissue interfaces between the disc and vertebral bone, and reductions in endplate vascularity and small molecule transport into the disc as a function of degenerative state. A neural network model identified changes in diffusion into the disc as the most significant predictor of disc degeneration. These findings support the critical role of trans-endplate transport in disease progression, and will improve patient selection to direct appropriate surgical intervention and inform new therapeutic approaches to improve disc health. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

10.
Diabetes Res Clin Pract ; 161: 108033, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32006644

RESUMO

Previous studies have shown that FXR is involved in glycolipid metabolism, tissue inflammation and regeneration in organs such as the liver, intestines and kidneys. Although FXR has been reported in cardiac tissue, its function in diabetic cardiomyopathy has not been reported. Here, we successfully constructed a diabetic mouse model of FXR-/- and evaluated the effects of FXR knockout on cardiac function in mice by measuring various indicators. We demonstrated that blood glucose levels in diabetic mice are significantly elevated in the case of FXR knockout. Our findings from cardiac ultrasound and tissue HE staining supported that FXR knockout aggravates diabetic cardiomyopathy. Masson staining of myocardial tissue and quantitative detection of α-SMA by qPCR suggest that FXR knockout exacerbates cardiac fibrosis in diabetic cardiomyopathy. Combined with the results of Oil Red staining and quantitative detection of triglycerides in fresh tissue blocks, we hypothesized that FXR knockout aggravates diabetes-induced cardiac lipid accumulation. Altogether our results revealed a role of the FXR in the diabetic cardiomyopathy, suggesting a possible novel target for the treatment of diabetic cardiomyopathy.

11.
Interact Cardiovasc Thorac Surg ; 30(4): 620-622, 2020 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32025739

RESUMO

This study aimed to report the case of 7 consecutive patients who underwent surgical treatment for aortic endograft infection after thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR). The management included the reconstruction of aorta using extra-anatomic prosthetic graft bypass (between the ascending aorta and the abdominal aorta), removal of the infected endograft with debridement of the infected tissue and sac drainage, followed by prolonged antibiotic therapy. This brief communication highlights that the reconstruction of aorta using extra-anatomic prosthetic graft bypass during surgical treatment for aortic endograft infection after TEVAR was reliable and effective.

12.
Appl Microbiol Biotechnol ; 104(8): 3445-3457, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32088759

RESUMO

Single-molecule real-time (SMRT) sequencing can be used to identify a wide variety of chemical modifications of the genome, such as methylation. Here, we applied this approach to identify N6-methyl-adenine (m6A) and N4-methyl-cytosine (m4C) modification in the genome of Bacillus pumilus BA06. A typical methylation recognition motif of the type I restriction-modification system (R-M), 5'-TCm6AN8TTGG-3'/3'-AGTN8m6AACC-5', was identified. We confirmed that this motif was a new type I methylation site using REBASE analysis and that it was recognized by a type I R-M system, Bpu6ORFCP, according to methylation sensitivity assays in vivo and vitro. Furthermore, we found that deletion of the R-M system Bpu6ORFCP induced transcriptional changes in many genes and led to increased gene expression in pathways related to ABC transporters, sulfur metabolism, ribosomes, cysteine and methionine metabolism and starch and sucrose metabolism, suggesting that the R-M system in B. pumilus BA06 has other significant biological functions beyond protecting the B. pumilus BA06 genome from foreign DNA.

13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32011779

RESUMO

Fabrication of zeolite-like metal-organic frameworks (ZMOFs) for advanced applications, such as enzyme immobilization, is of great interest but is a great synthetic challenge. Herein, we have developed a new strategy using proteins as structure-directed agents to direct the formation of new ZMOFs that can act as versatile platforms for the in situ encapsulation of proteins under ambient conditions. Notably, protein incorporation directs the formation of a ZMOF with a sodalite (sod) topology instead of a non-porous diamondoid (dia) topology under analogous synthetic conditions. Histidines in proteins play a crucial role in the observed templating effect. Modulating histidine content thereby influenced the resultant MOF product (from dia to dia + sod mixture and, ultimately, to sod MOF). Moreover, the resulting ZMOF-incorporated proteins preserved their activity even after exposure to high temperatures and organic solvents, demonstrating their potential for biocatalysis and biopharmaceutical applications.

14.
Environ Res ; 183: 109236, 2020 Feb 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32062183

RESUMO

Cylindrospermopsin (CYN) is a widely distributed cyanobacterial toxin in water bodies and is considered to pose growing threats to human and environmental health. Although its potential toxicity has been reported, its effects on the vascular system are poorly understood. In this study, we examined the toxic effects of CYN on vascular development and the possible mechanism of vascular toxicity induced by CYN using zebrafish embryos and human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs). CYN exposure induced abnormal vascular development and led to an increase in the growth of common cardinal vein (CCV), in which CCV remodeling was delayed as reflected by the larger CCV area and wider ventral diameter. CYN decreased HUVECs viability, inhibited HUVECs migration, promoted HUVECs apoptosis, destroyed cytoskeleton, and increased intracellular ROS levels. Additionally, CYN could promote the expression of Bax, Bcl-2, and MLC-1 and inhibit the expression of ITGB1, Rho, ROCK, and VIM-1. Taken together, CYN may induce cytoskeleton damage and promote vascular endothelial cell apoptosis by the Rho/ROCK signaling pathway, leading to abnormal vascular development. The current results provide potential insight into the mechanism of CYN toxicity in angiocardiopathy and are beneficial for understanding the environmental risks of CYN for aquatic organisms and human health.

15.
J Stroke Cerebrovasc Dis ; : 104664, 2020 Feb 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32093988

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The purpose of our study is to evaluate the efficacy of paroxetine in poststroke depression (PSD) patients by conducting a meta-analysis. METHODS: We searched Web of Science (science and social science citation index), PubMed, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, Embase up to August 2019. Randomized controlled trials that paroxetine compared to other antidepressants or control treatments as monotherapy for patients with PSD. RESULTS: This review identified a total of 4 studies including 212 patients. This meta-analysis presented that paroxetine exhibits beneficial efficacy than routine treatment in PSD patients in terms of the reducing score of Hamilton Depression Scale (HAMD). Control treatment is more effective than paroxetine. No significant advantage was found with paroxetine. CONCLUSIONS: The efficacy of paroxetine maybe not very significant compared to other pharmacological and nonpharmacological interventions. Further high quality and large sample size studies are needed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of paroxetine in treating PSD in future.

16.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(5): e18738, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32000377

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To compare the clinical outcomes of radical hysterectomy (RH) with chemoradiotherapy (CRT) in women with stage IB2-IIA cervical cancer. METHODS: Based on articles published up to December 2017, a literature search of PubMed, Embase, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), and Chinese National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI) databases was conducted to identify eligible studies. Overall survival (OS), progression-free survival (PFS) with hazard ratios (HRs), and toxicities with odds ratios (ORs) were analyzed. RESULTS: In total, 7 studies comprising 687 patients were identified for this meta-analysis. RH showed a significant trend toward improved survival outcomes compared with those of CRT, regardless of OS (HR = 0.49, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.36-0.67, P < .001); or PFS (1.61, 95% CI 1.15-2.26, P = .005) for IB2-IIA cervical cancer. Subgroup analysis revealed that stage IB2 cervical cancer patients obtained better OS (HR = 0.36, 95% CI 0.23-0.56, P < .001; heterogeneity: P = .32, I = 13%). However, a higher incidence of grade 3/4 genitourinary abnormalities was evident with RH (OR = 2.3, 95% CI 1.42-3.87, P = .021). CONCLUSION: Our study suggested that RH had distinct advantages over CRT for carcinoma of the uterine cervix with FIGO stage IB2-IIA, especially for IB2 cervical cancer.


Assuntos
Carcinoma/terapia , Quimiorradioterapia , Histerectomia , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/terapia , Feminino , Humanos
17.
Mol Med Rep ; 21(2): 667-674, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31974596

RESUMO

The aim of the present study was to investigate whether class C1 decoy oligodeoxynucleotides (ODNs) can inhibit the expression of pro­fibrotic genes associated with rat hepatic stellate cell (HSC) activation and hepatic fibrosis. Luciferase reporter assays were performed to test the promoter activities of transforming growth factor (TGF)­ß and its downstream target genes following transfection of decoy ODNs and plasmids into HSC­T6 cells, and western blot assays were performed to measure the protein expression of those genes following decoy ODN transfection. Class C1 decoy ODNs were confirmed to inhibit the promoter activity of TGF­ß and its downstream target genes, such as type 1 collagen (COLI)α1, tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinases (TIMP)1 and α­smooth muscle actin by Gaussia luciferase reporter assay, and to further downregulate the expression of TGF­ß, SMAD3, COLIα1 and TIMP1 by western blotting in activated HSC­T6 cells. In conclusion, class C1 decoy ODNs inhibited pro­fibrotic gene expression in rat HSCS by downregulating TGF­ß signaling.

18.
Environ Pollut ; 259: 113911, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31923814

RESUMO

Di-(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP) is a common environmental endocrine disrupting chemical that may induce male reproductive disorders. Exposure to DEHP at a prepubertal stage could lead to prepubertal testicular injury, but the underlying mechanisms remain unclear. In this study, we exposed Sprague-Dawley rats to 0, 250, and 500 mg DEHP per kg body weight per day at the prepuberty stage from postnatal day 22 (PND 22) to PND 35 by oral gavage. Testicular injury and oxidative stress were evaluated, and the levels of 6-methyladenosine (m6A) modification and expression of modulator genes for RNA methylation were measured in testes. Furthermore, m6A modification of the important antioxidant transcription factor Nrf2 was analyzed using methylated RNA immunoprecipitation qPCR. Our results show that DEHP worsened testicular histology, decreased testosterone concentrations, downregulated expression of spermatogenesis inducers, enhanced oxidative stress, inhibited the Nrf2-mediated antioxidant pathway, and increased apoptosis in testes. Additionally, DEHP increased global levels of m6A RNA modification and altered the expression of two important RNA methylation modulator genes, FTO and YTHDC2. Moreover, m6A modification of Nrf2 mRNA increased upon DEHP exposure. Overall, these findings link oxidative stress imbalance with epigenetic effects of DEHP toxicity and provide insight into the testicular toxicity of DEHP from the new perspective of m6A modification.

19.
Commun Biol ; 3(1): 45, 2020 Jan 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31988398

RESUMO

Intraflagellar transport (IFT) proteins are essential for cilia assembly and function. IFT protein mutations lead to ciliopathies, which manifest as variable skeletal abnormalities. However, how IFT proteins regulate cell alignment during bone development is unknown. Here, we show that the deletion of IFT20 in osteoblast lineage using Osterix-Cre and inducible type I Collagen-CreERT cause a compromised cell alignment and a reduced bone mass. This finding was validated by the disorganized collagen fibrils and decreased bone strength and stiffness in IFT20-deficient femurs. IFT20 maintains cilia and cell alignment in osteoblasts, as the concentric organization of three-dimensional spheroids was disrupted by IFT20 deletion. Mechanistically, IFT20 interacts with the ceramide-PKCζ complex to promote PKCζ phosphorylation in cilia and induce the apical localization of ß-catenin in osteoblasts, both of which were disrupted in the absence of IFT20. These results reveal that IFT20 regulates polarity and cell alignment via ceramide-pPKCζ-ß-catenin signaling during bone development.

20.
Int Immunopharmacol ; 80: 106118, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31926445

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Nerolidol, a naturally occurring sesquiterpene has both anti-microbial and anti-inflammatory properties. The current study aims to investigate the antifungal and the anti-inflammatory effects of nerolidol against mouse Aspergillus fumigatus (A. fumigatus) keratitis. METHODS: The minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) and cytotoxicity tests were used to study the antifungal ability. For in vivo and in vitro studies, the mouse corneas and the human corneal epithelial cells (HCECs) infected with A. fumigatus spores were intervented with nerolidol or phosphate buffer saline (PBS). Thereafter, the effect of the nerolidol on the response against inflammation was analyzed using the following parameters: recruitment of the neutrophils or macrophages and the expression of the lectin-type oxidized low density lipoprotein receptor-1 (LOX-1) and interleukin 1ß (IL-1ß). Techniques used were the slit lamp, immunofluorescence, myeloperoxidase (MPO) detection, quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) and Western blot. RESULTS: Nerolidol directly inhibits the growth of A. fumigatus. The administration of nerolidol reduced the severity of fungal keratitis with infiltration of fewer inflammatory cells and reduced levels of the LOX-1, as well the anti-inflammatory cytokines such as IL-1ß were reduced compared with the PBS group. Additionally, in vitro studies showed that treatment with nerolidol inhibited the production of the LOX-1 / IL-1ß levels in A. fumigatus stimulated HCECs. CONCLUSION: Nerolidol attenuated the A. fumigatus keratitis inflammatory response by inhibiting the growth of A. fumigatus, reducing the recruitment of the neutrophils and the macrophages, and inhibiting the LOX-1/ IL-1ß signaling.

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