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1.
World J Surg Oncol ; 18(1): 84, 2020 May 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32359365

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Parathyroid protection and central neck dissection (CND) are basic points of thyroid cancer surgery and draw persistent concern. We aimed to evaluate the value of carbon nanoparticles (CNs) for parathyroid gland protection and CND in thyroid surgery for thyroid cancer patients. METHODS: A total of 386 consecutive thyroid cancer patients were enrolled in the retrospective study. Three hundred thirty-four patients using CNs intraoperatively were included in the CN group, and 52 patients without using CNs or any other helping agent were included in the control group. Intact parathyroid hormone (iPTH) was examined. Medical records and histopathologic reports were reviewed. Histopathologic examination was performed. RESULTS: There were no statistical significances in demographic and basic surgical information, preoperative iPTH, and serum calcium between the two groups (P > 0.05). In the CN group, the thyroid tissue and central neck lymph nodes were stained black by CNs, while the parathyroid glands were not. Histopathological examination showed that the carbon nanoparticles might accumulated in the subcapsular sinus of lymph nodes compared with the none-stained samples. The staining with CNs did not impact the histopathological examination. There were no significant differences in postoperative hypocalcemia and hypoPT at day 1, 1 month, and half year after surgery between the two groups, respectively. There was a big decline of iPTH level after surgery, whereas the perioperative decreasing amplitude of PTH was not statistically different between the CNs and control group (57.2 ± 28.6 vs 55.7 ± 27.8, P = 0.710). There were 43 patients occurring incidental parathyroidectomy in the CN group (43/334, 12.9%) and 7 patients in the control group (7/52, 13.5%), without significant difference (P = 0.907). There was no significant difference in the number of lymph nodes identified by pathology per patient between the CNs and control group regardless of unilateral and bilateral CND. CONCLUSIONS: Carbon nanoparticles help highlight parathyroid glands and lymph nodes in thyroidectomy, but generate no significant benefit for parathyroid glands protection and lymph node dissection. The value of carbon nanoparticles in thyroid cancer surgery should not be exaggerated and needs further evaluation.

2.
Biosci Rep ; 2020 May 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32373939

RESUMO

Accumulating researches have proved that long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) regulate a variety of cellular processes during cancer progression. However, the detailed function of most lncRNAs in colorectal cancer (CRC) remains mostly unknown. This study was aimed at exploring the specific role of lncRNA EGOT in CRC. Data from this study revealed that EGOT expression was obviously upregulated in CRC tissues and cell lines, and high EGOT expression indicated poor overall survival of CRC patients. Besides, functional assays proved that EGOT knockdown inhibited cell proliferation and promoted cell apoptosis in CRC. Then, subsequent molecular mechanism assays uncovered that EGOT could bind with miR-33b-5p and negatively regulate miR-33b-5p expression. Additionally, CROT was a downstream target of miR-33b-5p. Further, rescued-function assays suggested that the suppressive influence of EGOT depletion on CRC progression was reversed by miR-33b-5p inhibition or CROT overexpression. In conclusion, lncRNA EGOT mediates the tumor-facilitating part in CRC via miR-33b-5p/CROT pathway.

3.
Biotechnol Lett ; 2020 Apr 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32318881

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To obtain a novel pullulanase with synthetic ability from a microorganism and characterize its substrates specificity. RESULTS: A novel pullulanase, PulY103A, from Bacillus megaterium Y103 was purified, characterized and expressed in Escherichia coli. PulY103A contained the signature sequences of type I pullulanases and showed 94.7% identity with a type I pullulanase (BmPul) from B. megaterium WW1210, showing similar molecular weight (110.8 kDa) and optimal pH (6.5). However, PulY103A had an optimal temperature of of 45 °C and exhibited relatively higher activity toward amylose (48.3%) compared with pullulan (100%), soluble starch (67.5%), and amylopectin (23.1%). The thin-layer chromatography results showed that the major pullulan hydrolysis products were maltotriose and maltohexaose, which differed from those reported in other pullulanases. On the basis of enzyme specificity, PulY103A was an amylopullulanase, which presented transglycosylation activity by forming α-1,4-glucosidic linkages. CONCLUSIONS: A novel amylopullulanase with transglycosylation activity was characterized. The features of this enzyme suggested its potential to produce maltohexaose.

4.
Exp Cell Res ; : 112029, 2020 Apr 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32330508

RESUMO

Renal cell carcinoma (RCC) is one of the most common malignant tumors in the urinary system, whose molecular mechanism is still not clear. ALPK2 is a member of alpha protein kinase family, and its relationship with RCC is never reported. In this study, expression of ALPK2 in tumor tissues or cells of RCC was detected by qPCR, western blotting and immunohistochemical analysis. The effects of ALPK2 knockdown on cell proliferation, colony formation, cell migration and apoptosis were assessed by MTT, colony formation assay, wound-healing assay, Transwell assay and flow cytometry, respectively. The influence of ALPK2 knockdown on tumor growth in vivo was evaluated by mice xenograft models. The results demonstrated that ALPK2 was upregulated in tumor tissues of RCC and its high expression was significantly associated with advanced stage and poor prognosis. Knockdown of ALPK2 could inhibited cell proliferation, colony formation and cell migration of RCC cells, while promoting cell apoptosis. The suppression of tumor growth in vivo by ALPK2 knockdown was also showed by using mice xenograft models. Moreover, the regulation of RCC by ALPK2 may involve Akt, CDK6, Cyclin D1 and PIK3CA signaling. Therefore, our studies suggested that ALPK2 may act as a tumor promotor in the development and progression of RCC, and could be considered as a novel therapeutic target for RCC treatment.

5.
Gene ; 748: 144680, 2020 Jul 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32305636

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: As one of the common malignant tumors, esophageal cancer has significant heterogeneity in morbidity and mortality between gender, geographic distribution, race and histology. We used single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) to identify disease-related alleles, and to explore the relationship between gene variations and esophageal cancer susceptibility in northwest China. METHODS: Six candidate SNPs (rs13177623, rs12654195, rs11168100, rs353303, rs353300, rs353299) selected from cancer related gene Cardiac mesoderm enhancer-associated non-coding RNA (CARMN) were genotyped by Agena MassARRAY platform. SPSS 18.0 software was used for logistic regression analysis of genotyping results, and Haploview 4.2 software was utilized for linage disequilibrium (LD) analysis. RESULTS: We observed a significant association between genotype TT of rs353299 and the decreasing esophageal cancer risk (OR = 0.42, 95% CI = 0.18-0.97, p = 0.042). The stratified analysis revealed that the influence of three CARMN polymorphisms (rs11168100, rs353300 and rs353299) on esophageal cancer risk is age-, gender-, smoking-, drinking- and lymph node metastasis status- dependent (p < 0.05). Haplotype analysis results indicated that Trs11168100Ars353303Trs353300Crs353299 acts as a protective factor of esophageal cancer with OR of 0.71 (95% CI = 0.52-0.98, p = 0.038), while Ars11168100Grs353303Crs353300 and Ars11168100Ars353303 have 1.49-fold (OR = 1.49, 95% CI = 1.02-2.19, p = 0.041) and 1.57-fold (OR = 1.57, 95% CI = 1.05-2.35, p = 0.027) increased risk of esophageal cancer, respectively. CONCLUSION: The results of our study suggested that CARMN variations may affect the risk of esophageal cancer.

6.
Chin J Traumatol ; 23(2): 96-101, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32201231

RESUMO

With the deepening of research, proteomics has developed into a science covering the study of all the structural and functional characteristics of proteins and the dynamic change rules. The essence of various biological activities is revealed from the perspectives of the biological structure, functional activity and corresponding regulatory mechanism of proteins by proteomics. Among them, phospholipid-binding protein is one of the hotspots of proteomics, especially annexin A1, which is widely present in various tissues and cells of the body. It has the capability of binding to phospholipid membranes reversibly in a calcium ion dependent manner. In order to provide possible research ideas for researchers, who are interested in this protein, the biological effects of annexin A1, such as inflammatory regulation, cell signal transduction, cell proliferation, differentiation and apoptosis are described in this paper.

7.
Med Sci Monit ; 26: e921540, 2020 Mar 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32123154

RESUMO

BACKGROUND Our objective was to establish and compare three-dimensional models of knee joints of mini-pigs and sheep, the 2 most commonly used animal models of osteoarthritis. MATERIAL AND METHODS Three-dimensional geometric models of knee joints were used to assess their biomechanical properties by analysis of the three-dimensional finite element stress load for flexion at 30° and 60°. RESULTS Analysis of multiple tissues indicated that the sheep knee had greater stress peaks than the mini-pig knee at 30° flexion (range: 12.5 to 30.4 Mpa for sheep vs. 11.1 to 20.2 Mpa for mini-pig) and at 60° flexion (range: 17.9 to 43.5 Mpa for sheep vs. 15.9 to 28.9 Mpa for mini-pig). In addition, there was uneven distribution of stress loads in the surrounding ligaments during flexion. CONCLUSIONS Our three-dimensional finite element analysis indicated that the mini-pig knee joint had stress values and changes of cartilage, meniscus, and peripheral ligaments that were similar to those of the human knee.

8.
Eur Radiol ; 2020 Feb 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32065280

RESUMO

The original version of this article, published on 03 January 2020, unfortunately contained two mistakes.

9.
Org Lett ; 22(5): 1903-1907, 2020 Mar 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32065751

RESUMO

An efficient and straightforward Lewis-acid-mediated stereoselective (4 + 3)-cyclization of indole-substituted alkylidene malonates and donor-acceptor cyclopropanes has been developed involving the Friedel-Crafts/Michael addition cyclization cascade. This reaction provides a mild and effective method for the construction of synthetically and structurally interesting functionalized cycloheptannelated indoles.

10.
Clin Sci (Lond) ; 134(4): 419-434, 2020 Feb 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32065214

RESUMO

Cancer-derived exosomal miRNAs play an important role in the development of metastasis, but the effects and underlying mechanisms remain unclear. In the present study, we investigated the miRNA expression profiles of 5 paired serum exosomal samples from metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC) and non-mCRC patients via RNA sequencing. After we evaluated the differentially expressed miRNAs in 80 CRC patients, miR-106b-3p was selected as a metastasis-associated miRNA of CRC. We showed that the expression level of serum exosomal miR-106b-3p was significantly higher in CRC patients with metastasis than those without metastasis. Additionally, high serum exosomal miR-106b-3p expression in patients was correlated with a poor prognosis. Coculture of low-metastatic CRC cells with high-metastatic CRC cell-derived exosomes promoted cell migration, invasion, and epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT), which was caused by the transport and transduction of miR-106b-3p in vitro. Moreover, exosomal miR-106b-3p promoted lung metastasis of CRC cells in vivo. In addition, we demonstrated that miR-106b-3p regulated metastasis by targeting deleted in liver cancer-1 (DLC-1). A negative correlation was also identified between miR-106b-3p and DLC-1 expression in human CRC tumour tissues and in mouse lung metastatic lesions. Collectively, our study indicated that metastasis-associated miR-106b-3p from serum exosomes could be used as a potential prognostic biomarker and therapeutic target for CRC patients.

11.
Metabolomics ; 16(3): 29, 2020 02 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32095917

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Colorectal cancer (CRC) remains an incurable disease. Previous metabolomic studies show that metabolic signatures in plasma distinguish CRC patients from healthy controls. Chronic enteritis (CE) represents a risk factor for CRC, with a 20 fold greater incidence than in healthy individuals. However, no studies have performed metabolomic profiling to investigate CRC biomarkers in CE. OBJECTIVE: Our aims were to identify metabolomic signatures in CRC and CE and to search for blood-derived metabolite biomarkers distinguishing CRC from CE, especially early-stage biomarkers. METHODS: In this case-control study, 612 subjects were prospectively recruited between May 2015 and May 2016, and including 539 CRC patients (stage I, 102 cases; stage II, 259 cases; stage III, 178 cases) and 73 CE patients. Untargeted metabolomics was performed to identify CRC-related metabolic signatures in CE. RESULTS: Five pathways were significantly enriched based on 153 differential metabolites between CRC and CE. 16 biomarkers were identified for diagnosis of CRC from CE and for guiding CRC staging. The AUC value for CRC diagnosis in the external validation set was 0.85. Good diagnostic performances were also achieved for early-stage CRC (stage I and stage II), with an AUC value of 0.84. The biomarker panel could also stage CRC patients, with an AUC of 0.72 distinguishing stage I from stage II CRC and AUC of 0.74 distinguishing stage II from stage III CRC. CONCLUSIONS: The identified metabolic biomarkers exhibit promising properties for CRC monitoring in CE patients and are superior to commonly used clinical biomarkers (CEA and CA19-9).

12.
J Cell Mol Med ; 24(2): 1286-1299, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31901151

RESUMO

Hypertriglyceridaemia is a very rare disorder caused by the mutations of LPL gene, with an autosomal recessive mode of inheritance. Here, we identified two unrelated Chinese patients manifested with severe hypertriglyceridaemia and acute pancreatitis. The clinical symptoms of proband 1 are more severe than proband 2. Whole exome sequencing and Sanger sequencing were performed. Functional analysis of the identified mutations has been done. Whole exome sequencing identified two pairs of variants in LPL gene in the proband 1 (c.162C>A and c.1322+1G>A) and proband 2 (c.835C>G and c.1322+1G>A). The substitution (c.162C>A) leads to the formation of a truncated (p.Cys54*) LPL protein. The substitution (c.835C>G) leads to the replacement of leucine to valine (p.Leu279Val). The splice donor site mutation (c.1322+1G>A) leads to the formation of alternative transcripts with the loss of 134 bp in exon 8 of the LPL gene. The proband 1 and his younger son also harbouring a heterozygous variant (c.553G>T; p.Gly185Cys) in APOA5 gene. The relative expression level of the mutated LPL mRNA (c.162C>A, c.835C>G and c.1322+1G>A) showed significant differences compared to wild-type LPL mRNA, suggesting that all these three mutations affect the transcription of LPL mRNA. These three mutations (c.162C>A, c.835C>G and c.1322+1G>A) showed noticeably decreased LPL activity in cell culture medium but not in cell lysates. Here, we identified three mutations in LPL gene which causes severe hypertriglyceridaemia with acute pancreatitis in Chinese patients. We also described the significance of whole exome sequencing for identifying the candidate gene and disease-causing mutation in patients with severe hypertriglyceridaemia and acute pancreatitis.

13.
Eur Radiol ; 30(5): 2731-2739, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31900700

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To identify the relationship between human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) status and cone-beam breast CT (CBBCT) characteristics in surgically resected breast cancer. METHODS: Preoperative CBBCT of patients with BI-RADS 4 or 5 lesions identified on mammography or ultrasound and dense or very dense breast tissue were retrospectively evaluated in 181 surgically resected breast cancer (triple-negative excluded) between May 2012 and November 2014. A set of CBBCT descriptors was semiquantitatively assessed by consensus double reading. Reader reproducibility was analyzed. Multivariable logistic regression analysis using backward elimination (BEA) with the Wald criterion was performed to identify independent predictive factors of harboring HER2/neu. Principle component analysis (PCA) was used to determine characteristics that might differentiate HER2 status. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analyses were conducted to determine the predictive capability. RESULTS: HER2 positive was found in 101 (55.8%) of 181 patients. Inter-observer agreement was high for characteristics' assessment. Based on BEA, pathologic grade, maximum dimension, lobulation, ΔCT, and calcification morphology were confirmed as independent predictive factors of HER2/neu overexpression. PCA showed that calcification- and border-related characteristics were the most important for differentiation. ROC curve analyses showed that CBBCT features (AUC = 0.853) were superior to clinicopathologic features (AUC = 0.613, p < 0.001) and comparable with combination (AUC = 0.856, p = 0.866). CONCLUSIONS: CBBCT features could be used to prognosticate HER2 status independently, which are potentially complementary to histopathologic result and helpful in guiding biopsy. KEY POINTS: • Dmax, lobulation, ΔCT, and calcification morphology are independent predictors of HER2 status. • CBBCT features are superior to clinicopathologic features in HER2+/- discrimination. • CBBCT features are comparable with combination with clinicopathologic features in HER2+/- discrimination.

14.
Plant Sci ; 291: 110351, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31928678

RESUMO

Ethylene response factor (ERF) is a plant-specific transcription factor involved in many biological processes including root formation, hypocotyl elongation, fruit ripening, organ senescence and stress responses, as well as fruit quality formation. However, its underlying mechanism in plant pathogen defense against Botryosphaeria dothidea (B. dothidea) remains poorly understood. Here, we isolate MdERF11, an apple nucleus-localized ERF transcription factor, from apple cultivar 'Royal Gala'. qRT-PCR assays show that the expression of MdERF11 is significantly induced in apple fruits after B. dothidea infection. Overexpression of MdERF11 gene in apple calli significantly increases the resistance to B.dothidea infection, while silencing MdERF11 in apple calli results in reduced resistance. Ectopic expression of MdERF11 in Arabidopsis also exhibits enhanced resistance to B. dothidea infection compared to that of wild type. Infections in apple calli and Arabidopsis leaves by B. dothidea respectively cause an increase in endogenous levels of salicylic acid (SA) followed by induction of SA synthesis-related and signaling-related gene expression. Taken together, these findings illustrate a potential mechanism by which MdERF11 elevates plant pathogen defense against B. dothidea by regulating SA synthesis pathway.

15.
Nucleic Acids Res ; 48(5): e25, 2020 03 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31943080

RESUMO

Allele-specific protospacer adjacent motif (asPAM)-positioning SNPs and CRISPRs are valuable resources for gene therapy of dominant disorders. However, one technical hurdle is to identify the haplotype comprising the disease-causing allele and the distal asPAM SNPs. Here, we describe a novel CRISPR-based method (CRISPR-hapC) for haplotyping. Based on the generation (with a pair of CRISPRs) of extrachromosomal circular DNA in cells, the CRISPR-hapC can map haplotypes from a few hundred bases to over 200 Mb. To streamline and demonstrate the applicability of the CRISPR-hapC and asPAM CRISPR for allele-specific gene editing, we reanalyzed the 1000 human pan-genome and generated a high frequency asPAM SNP and CRISPR database (www.crispratlas.com/knockout) for four CRISPR systems (SaCas9, SpCas9, xCas9 and Cas12a). Using the huntingtin (HTT) CAG expansion and transthyretin (TTR) exon 2 mutation as examples, we showed that the asPAM CRISPRs can specifically discriminate active and dead PAMs for all 23 loci tested. Combination of the CRISPR-hapC and asPAM CRISPRs further demonstrated the capability for achieving highly accurate and haplotype-specific deletion of the HTT CAG expansion allele and TTR exon 2 mutation in human cells. Taken together, our study provides a new approach and an important resource for genome research and allele-specific (haplotype-specific) gene therapy.


Assuntos
Proteína 9 Associada à CRISPR/genética , Sistemas CRISPR-Cas , Repetições Palindrômicas Curtas Agrupadas e Regularmente Espaçadas , DNA Circular/genética , RNA Guia/genética , Alelos , Sequência de Bases , Proteína 9 Associada à CRISPR/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , DNA Circular/metabolismo , Edição de Genes/métodos , Células HEK293 , Haplótipos , Células Hep G2 , Humanos , Plasmídeos/química , Plasmídeos/metabolismo , RNA Guia/metabolismo
16.
Aging (Albany NY) ; 12(1): 156-177, 2020 01 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31896739

RESUMO

A promising new strategy for cancer therapy is to target the autophagic pathway. However, comprehensive characterization of autophagy genes and their clinical relevance in cancer is still lacking. Here, we systematically characterized alterations of autophagy genes in multiple cancer lines by analyzing data from The Cancer Genome Atlas and CellMiner database. Interactions between autophagy genes and clinically actionable genes (CAGs) were identified by analyzing co-expression, protein-protein interactions (PPIs) and transcription factor (TF) data. A key subnetwork was identified that included 18 autophagy genes and 22 CAGs linked by 28 PPI pairs and 1 TF-target pair, which was EGFR targeted by RARA. Alterations in the expression of autophagy genes were associated with patient survival in multiple cancer types. RARA and EGFR were associated with worse survival in colorectal cancer patients. The regulatory role of EGFR in 5-FU resistance was validated in colon cancer cells in vivo and in vitro. EGFR contributed to 5-FU resistance in colon cancer cells through autophagy induction, and EGFR overexpression in 5-FU resistant colon cancer was regulated by RARA. The present study provides a comprehensive analysis of autophagy in different cancer cell lines and highlights the potential clinical utility of targeting autophagy genes.

17.
Mol Cell Endocrinol ; 501: 110662, 2020 Feb 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31760045

RESUMO

microRNA-147b (miR-147b) is a newly identified tumor-related miRNA that is dysregulated in multiple cancer types. Yet, the role of miR-147b in thyroid carcinoma remains unknown. Herein, we found that miR-147b expression was upregulated in thyroid carcinoma tissues and cell lines. miR-147b inhibition decreased the proliferation, colony formation, and invasion of thyroid carcinoma cells. The tumor suppressive gene SRY-related high-mobility-group box gene 15 (SOX15) was predicted as a miR-147b target gene. SOX15 expression was markedly decreased in thyroid carcinoma tissues and inversely correlated with the miR-147b expression. SOX15 overexpression repressed the proliferation and invasion of thyroid carcinoma cells associated with downregulation of Wnt/ß-catenin signaling. SOX15 knockdown abolished the miR-147b-inhibition-mediated antitumor effect. miR-147b inhibition or SOX15 overexpression retarded the tumor growth of thyroid carcinoma cells in vivo. Overall, our study suggests that miR-147b inhibition restrains the proliferation and invasion of thyroid carcinoma cells through upregulation of SOX15 and inhibition of Wnt/ß-catenin signaling.

18.
J Cell Mol Med ; 24(2): 1906-1916, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31840411

RESUMO

Meckel syndrome (MKS) is a pre- or perinatal multisystemic ciliopathic lethal disorder with an autosomal recessive mode of inheritance. Meckel syndrome is usually manifested with meningo-occipital encephalocele, polycystic kidney dysplasia, postaxial polydactyly and hepatobiliary ductal plate malformation. Germline variants in CEP290 cause MKS4. In this study, we investigated a 35-years-old Chinese female who was 17+1 weeks pregnant. She had a history of adverse pregnancy of having foetus with multiple malformations. We performed ultrasonography and identified the foetus with occipital meningoencephalocele and enlarged cystic dysplastic kidneys. So, she decided to terminate her pregnancy and further genetic molecular analysis was performed. We identified the aborted foetus without postaxial polydactyly. Histological examination of foetal kidney showed cysts in kidney and thinning of the renal cortex with glomerular atrophy. Whole exome sequencing identified a novel homozygous variant (c.2144T>G; p.L715* ) in exon 21 of the CEP290 in the foetus. Sanger sequencing confirmed that both the parents of the foetus were carrying this variant in a heterozygous state. This variant was not identified in two elder sisters of the foetus as well as in the 100 healthy individuals. Western blot analysis showed that this variant leads to the formation of truncated CEP290 protein with the molecular weight of 84 KD compared with the wild-type CEP290 protein of 290 KD. Hence, it is a loss-of-function variant. We also found that the mutant cilium appears longer in length than the wild-type cilium. Our present study reported the first variant of CEP290 associated with MKS4 in Chinese population.

19.
J Clin Lab Anal ; 34(4): e23148, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31880002

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Adiponectin (APN) circulates as high-molecular weight (HMW), medium-molecular weight (MMW), and low-molecular weight (LMW) forms. Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is a common cause of chronic liver disease. Currently, the role of LMW, MMW, and HMW APN remains largely unclear in NAFLD. METHODS: We examined the variation of these forms and analyzed the related clinical characteristics in NAFLD. A total of 63 male NAFLD patients (mean age: 43.00 ± 6.10 years) and 70 healthy male subjects (mean age: 42.53 ± 7.98 years) were included in the study. Total APN and other clinical characteristics were measured. The changes in HMW, MMW, and LMW APN were determined in NAFLD patients and NAFLD patients on a high-fat diet, and the association between the groups was further analyzed. RESULTS: Decreased levels of total APN and three APN isoforms were found in NAFLD. Significantly decreased levels of HMW (P < .01) and MMW (P < .001) were observed in NAFLD of high-fat diet patients. In NAFLD patients, height (R = -.270, P = .032) and N-epsilon-(carboxymethyl) lysine (R = -.259, P = .040) significantly correlated with total APN. HMW APN was significantly associated with fasting plasma glucose (R = .350, P = .016), alanine aminotransferase (R = -.321, P = .029), and aspartate aminotransferase (R = -.295, P = .045). Additionally, MMW APN was significantly associated with total cholesterol (R = .357, P = .014) and high-density lipoprotein (R = .556, P < .0001). Low-density lipoprotein (R = -.283, P = .054) was also clearly associated with LMW APN in NAFLD patients. CONCLUSION: These results suggest that HMW and MMW APN may be involved in the pathogenesis and progression of NAFLD.

20.
Environ Sci Pollut Res Int ; 27(7): 7005-7014, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31879890

RESUMO

The concentration levels of 36 airborne heavy metals and atmospheric radioactivity in total suspended particulate (TSP) samples were measured to investigate the chemical characteristics, potential sources of aerosols, and health risk in Beijing, China, from September 2016 to September 2017. The TSP concentrations varied from 6.93 to 469.18 µg/m3, with a median of 133.97 µg/m3. The order for the mean concentrations of heavy metals, known as hazardous air pollutants (HAPs), was as follows: Mn > Pb > As > Cr > Ni > Se > Cd > Co > Sb > Hg > Be; Non-Designated HAPs Metals: Ca > Fe > Mg > Al > K > Na > Zn > P > Ba > Ti > Cu > Sr > B > Sn > I > V > Rb > Ce > Mo > Cs > Th > Ag > U > Pt. The median concentration of As was higher than China air quality standard (6 ng/m3). The gross α and ß concentration levels in aerosols were (1.84 ± 1.59) mBg/m3 and (1.15 ± 0.85) mBg/m3, respectively. The enrichment factor values of Cu, Ba, B, Ce, Tl, Cs, Pb, As, Cd, Sb, Hg, Fe, Zn, Sn, I, Mo, and Ag were higher than 10, which indicated enriched results from anthropogenic sources. Pb, As, and Cd are considered to originate from multiple sources; fireworks released Ba during China spring festival; Fe, Ce, and Cs may come from stable emissions such as industrial gases. The health risks from anthropogenic metals via inhalation, ingestion, and dermal pathway were estimated on the basis of health quotient as well as the results indicated that children faced the higher risk than adults during the research period. For adults, the health risk posed by heavy metals in atmospheric particles was below the acceptable level.

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