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1.
J Food Sci ; 2020 Jan 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31999364

RESUMO

Salmonella enterica, Listeria monocytogenes, Shigella flexneri, Escherichia coli O157:H7, Vibrio parahaemolyticus, Staphylococcus aureus, Vibrio cholerae, Clostridium botulinum type A, Bacillus cereus, Clostridium perfringens Alpha toxin, and Yersinia enterocolitica are 11 common foodborne pathogens. Traditional bacterial culture methods for detecting pathogens are time-consuming and labor-intensive. Multiplex PCR technology, which can detect multiple targets in a single tube, has been increasingly applied to microbial detection due to its high specificity, sensitivity, and fast response. This paper is to establish a multiplex PCR technology mediated by a common primer for the detection of these 11 common foodborne pathogens in order to achieve the goal of nondirectional screening for these 11 common foodborne pathogens. The specificity of the established CP-MPCR detection system was first verified by 100 clinical isolates. The sensitivity of the CP-MPCR detection system was then detected by using cultured bacteria preparations and has been confirmed with a high sensitivity of 103 to 104 CFU/mL, among them, the sensitivity of the CP-MPCR for Vibrio cholerae and S. flexneri can even achieve 102 CFU/mL. Sixty anal swab samples collected from Suzhou CDC and 16 enrichment cultured solutions of food samples collected from the Suzhou Food Inspection and Testing Center were tested using the CP-MPCR system. A total of 32 positive results were detected. PRACTICAL APPLICATION: Food poisoning incidents occur frequently around the world, mainly because of the contamination of food by pathogenic bacteria and serious harm to human health. The method provided in this study can detect 11 foodborne pathogens in food, which can effectively prevent the spread of pathogenic microorganisms. At the same time, for the food poisoning incident that has already occurred, this method can be used for diagnosis to find out the cause.

2.
J Food Prot ; : 204-210, 2020 Jan 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31917614

RESUMO

The milk bar is an emerging style of retail business that mainly produces pasteurized milk (PM) and other dairy products on-site in many large cities of the People's Republic of China. To date, no data about veterinary drug residues in PM samples produced from milk bars have been reported. The objective of this study was to investigate the safety of PM from a total of 182 PM samples collected from milk bars from 10 provincial capital cities and to analyze the residues of seven classes of 61 veterinary drugs. First, the chemical components were screened with test kits, and then the positive samples were further confirmed by ultraperformance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry. The results showed that 15 (8.24%) samples were screened positive for veterinary drugs, and six drugs in 11 (6.04%) samples were confirmed. The veterinary drugs detected were penicillin G (2.20%), tetracycline (1.10%), tylosin (1.10%), amoxicillin (0.55%), oxytetracycline (0.55%), and gentamicin (0.55%), with maximum residue levels of 3.4, 11.9, 28.2, 3.0, 26.9, and 63.5 µg kg-1, respectively. Veterinary drug residues were detected as positive in 7 of 10 cities, with the highest detection rate as 14.29% in Urumqi. No positive samples were found in the cities of Nanjing, Tianjin, and Nanning. All detected drug levels were far below the maximum residue levels regulated by China, the European Union, and the Codex Alimentarius Commission. This suggests that the overall veterinary drug residues in PM in milk bars reached the safety code of the country. However, potential risks still exist, and continuous attention should be paid to guarantee the safety of this milk product in the future.

3.
J Comp Eff Res ; 2020 Jan 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31904267

RESUMO

Aim: To evaluate the cost-effectiveness of intravitreal aflibercept compared with macular laser photocoagulation and ranibizumab for diabetic macular edema (DME) in China. Methods: A Markov model was developed to reflect the vision changes in DME patients. Parameters were estimated from VIVID-EAST trial data, published literature and physician surveys. Results: In a 20-year horizon, intravitreal aflibercept was associated with 7.825 quality-adjusted life years (QALYs) and 217,841 Chinese Yuan Renminbi (CNY), laser photocoagulation was associated with 7.189 QALYs and 135,489 CNY, and ranibizumab was associated with 7.462 QALYs and 222,477 CNY. The incremental cost-effectiveness ratios were 129,397 CNY/QALY and -12,774 CNY/QALY for intravitreal aflibercept versus laser photocoagulation and ranibizumab, respectively. Conclusion: Intravitreal aflibercept was considered as a cost-effective strategy for DME when compared with laser photocoagulation; it was considered as a dominant strategy when compared with ranibizumab.

4.
EBioMedicine ; 51: 102583, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31901866

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Heterogeneous nuclear ribonucleoprotein (hnRNP) A2/B1 is an important RNA-binding protein that affects the RNA processing, splicing, transport and stability of many genes. hnRNPA2/B1 is expressed during proliferation and metastasis of various cancer types and promotes such processes. However, the precise role and mechanism of hnRNPA2/B1 in breast cancer remain unclear. METHODS: The association of hnRNPA2/B1 with breast cancer metastasis was assessed using tissue chips, mouse models and publicly available data. The role and mechanism of hnRNPA2/B1 in breast cancer metastasis were studied in cell lines and mouse models. FINDINGS: In contrast to other cancer research findings, hnRNPA2/B1 expression was negatively correlated with breast cancer metastasis. hnRNPA2/B1 inhibited MDA-MB-231 triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) cell metastasis in vitro and in vivo. hnRNPA2/B1 knockout activated ERK-MAPK/Twist and GR-beta/TCF4 pathways but inhibited STAT3 and WNT/TCF4 signalling pathways. Profilin 2 (PFN2) promoted breast cancer cell migration and invasion, whereas hnRNPA2/B1 bound directly to the UAGGG locus in the 3'-untranslated region of PFN2 mRNA and reduced the stability of PFN2 mRNA. INTERPRETATION: Our data supported the role of hnRNPA2/B1 in tumour metastasis risk and survival prediction in patients with breast cancer. The inhibitory role of hnRNPA2/B1 in metastasis was a balance of downstream multiple genes and signalling pathways. PFN2 downregulation by hnRNPA2/B1 might partly explain the inhibitory mechanism of hnRNPA2/B1 in breast cancer metastasis. Therefore, hnRNPA2/B1 might be used as a new prognostic biomarker and valuable molecular target for breast cancer treatments.

6.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31770333

RESUMO

STUDY DESIGN: Cross-cultural adaptation and psychometric evaluation OBJECTIVE.: To translate the Neck Disability Index (NDI) into the simplified-Chinese language and to evaluate the reliability, validity, and responsiveness of the new questionnaire. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Neck pain is a major health problem resulting in major disability. NDI is the most frequently used scale for self-rating of disability due to neck pain. At present, there is no simplified-Chinese version of the NDI. The aims of this study were to culturally adapt and translate the NDI into the simplified-Chinese language (NDI-SC) and to evaluate its psychometric properties in patients with neck pain. METHODS: The NDI was translated into simplified-Chinese version based on established guidelines. A total of 70 patients participated in this study. Patients were asked to complete a set of questionnaires comprising of their demographic information, the NDI-SC, and a visual analog scale (VAS) of pain. 56 patients returned after one-to-two weeks to complete the same set of questionnaires and the global rating of change (GROC) scale. Then, the NDI-SC was evaluated for content validity, construct validity, internal consistency, test-retest reliability, and responsiveness. RESULTS: The NDI-SC demonstrated excellent internal consistency (Cronbach's α = 0.92) and good test-retest reliability (ICC2,1 = 0.85). Content validity was confirmed as no floor or ceiling effects were detected for the NDI-SC total score. Construct validity was established with factor analysis revealing two-factor subscales explaining 66% of the variance. The NDI-SC showed a strong correlation with VAS (Rp = 0.61, p < 0.001) and a moderate correlation with GROC (Rs = 0.46, p < 0.001). The correlation between NDI-SC change scores and VAS change scores was also moderate (Rp = 0.59, p < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: The results showed that the NDI-SC is a reliable, valid and responsive instrument to measure functional limitations in patients with neck pain. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: 3.

7.
Molecules ; 24(18)2019 Sep 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31527427

RESUMO

To clarify the relationship between neutral lipid content and cordycepin accumulation in Cordyceps militaris, mutants were generated from mixed spores of two C. militaris strains with varying cordycepin-producing capacities. Fifteen stable mutants producing from 0.001 to 2.363 mg/mL cordycepin were finally selected. The relative fluorescence intensities of the 15 mutants, two C. militaris strains and an Aspergillus nidulans strain at different concentrations of lyophilized mycelium powder were then investigated using the Nile red method. The mutant CM1-1-1 with the highest relative fluorescence intensity among the eighteen strains was selected for optimizing the Nile red method. Relative fluorescence intensity was linearly correlated with cordycepin concentration in liquid broth (R2 = 0.9514) and in lyophilized mycelium powder (R2 = 0.9378) for the 18 cordycepin-producing strains under identical culture conditions and with cordycepin concentration in liquid broth (R2 = 0.9727) and in lyophilized mycelium powder (R2 = 0.9613) for CM1-1-1 under eight different sets of conditions. In addition, the cordycepin content in lyophilized mycelium powder measured by the Nile red method was linearly correlated with that determined by an HPLC method (R2 = 0.9627). In conclusion, neutral lipids in lipid droplets are required during cordycepin accumulation; these neutral lipids are potential biomarkers of cordycepin biosynthesis.

8.
Int J Cancer ; 2019 Sep 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31498891

RESUMO

Metastasis is the leading cause of death for non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients. However, how lung cancer cells invade blood vessels during metastasis remains unclear. Here, based on bioinformatics analyses, we found that PLEK2 might regulate NSCLC migration and vascular invasion. As little is known about the function of PLEK2 in NSCLC, we aimed to clarify this. We demonstrated that PLEK2 was significantly upregulated in transforming growth factor beta 1 (TGF-ß1)-treated NSCLC cells through ELK1 transcriptional activation, highly expressed in NSCLC tissues, and negatively correlated with NSCLC overall survival. Meanwhile, PLEK2 overexpression significantly promoted NSCLC epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) and migration, human lung microvascular endothelial cells endothelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EndoMT), and the destruction of vascular endothelial barriers. Moreover, PLEK2 knockdown inhibited TGF-ß1-induced EMT and EndoMT. Furthermore, PLEK2 was found to directly interact with SHIP2 and target it for ubiquitination and degradation in NSCLC cells. Next, we confirmed that SHIP2 overexpression inhibits NSCLC EMT, migration and invasion and showed that PLEK2 overexpression can activate SHIP2-associated TGF-ß/PI3K/AKT signaling. Our results suggest that PLEK2 could be a novel prognostic marker and potential therapeutic target for NSCLC metastasis and vascular invasion.

9.
J Phys Condens Matter ; 31(50): 505603, 2019 Sep 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31487693

RESUMO

We study the spin-polarized spectral properties of Yu-Shiba-Rusinov resonance states induced by magnetic impurities in 2- and 3-dimensional nematic superconductors: few layer Bi2Te3 grown on FeTe0.55Se0.45 (2D) and Cu x Bi2Se3 (3D). We focus on the relationship between pairing symmetry and the spatial structure of spin-polarized spectroscopy. We calculate the spin-polarized local density of states (SP LDOS) and the corresponding Fourier transformation using the T-matrix method for both the 2- and 3-dimensional materials. Various situations with different impurity orientations and different SP LDOSs have been investigated. We find that, like the quasiparticle interference spectrum, the spin-polarized spectroscopy can be applied to distinguish threefold rotation symmetric pairings, e.g. the plain s-wave pairing, chiral p -wave pairing, etc, and nematic pairings in these materials.

10.
Funct Plant Biol ; 2019 Jun 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31196381

RESUMO

Ultraviolet-B (UV-B) light, as an intrinsic part of sunlight, has more significant effects on plant growth and photomorphogenesis than other organisms due to plant's sessile growth pattern. In our studies, we have observed that alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.) seedlings are very sensitive to UV-B performance. Seedlings have grown better at lower levels of UV-B light (UV-B irradiation dosage <17.35 µW cm-2 day-1), and have higher UV-resistance. However, the higher levels of UV-B light (UV-B irradiation dosage >17.35 µW cm-2 day-1) has caused severe stress injuries to alfalfa seedlings, and seriously inhibited its growth and development. Chlorophyll biosynthesis and chlorophyll fluorescence have been suppressed under all different dosage of UV-B light conditions. Plant antioxidant enzymes were induced by lower levels of UV-B, but greatly inhibited under higher levels of UV-B light. The contents of flavonoid compounds significantly increased under UV-B light compared with controls, and that was more significant under lower levels of UV-B than higher levels of UV-B. Therefore, we have assumed that the significant induction of plant antioxidant capacity and flavonoid excessive accumulation play a central role in alfalfa UV-B tolerance to lower levels of UV-B irradiation.

11.
Med Chem ; 2019 Apr 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31208312

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Protein tyrosine phosphatases 1B is considered to be one desirable validated target for therapeutic development of type II diabetes and obesity. METHOD: A new series of imidazolyl flavonoids as potential protein tyrosine phosphatase inhibitors were synthesized and evaluated. RESULT: Bioactive results indicated that some synthesized compounds exhibited potent protein phosphatase 1B (PTP1B) inhibitory activities at the micromolar range. Especially, compound 8b showed the best inhibitory activity (IC50 = 1.0 µM) with 15-fold selectivity for PTP1B over the closely related T-cell protein tyrosine phosphatase (TCPTP). Cell viability assays indicated 8b is cell permeable with lower cytotoxicity. Molecular modeling and dynamics studies revealed the reason of selectivity for PTP1B over TCPTP. Quantum chemical studies were carried out on these compounds to understand the structural features essential for activity. CONCLUSION: Compound 8b should be a potential selective PTP1B inhibitor.

12.
Luminescence ; 34(6): 623-627, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31144438

RESUMO

Interactions between nanoparticles (NPs) and biomolecules, especially proteins, have attracted increasing attention. Photoresponsive proteins have shown high potential for optogenetic research. The combination between optogenetics and nanotechnology will bring a new biological era in which photoresponsive proteins will inevitably encounter NPs, therefore their interactions will be a key point to investigate. Here, we have systematically studied the interactions between a photoresponsive protein (called phycocyanin, PC) and a typical kind of amphiphilic polymer-coated gold NPs (AP-AuNPs) using fluorescence quenching methods. The results showed that the binding constant between PCs and AP-AuNPs is 4.427 × 106  M-1 with a positive cooperativity, and the robust affinity was hydrophobic interaction driven mortise-tenon conjugation, which could even resist gel electrophoresis. These results could also shed light on potential designs for building up artificial protein-NP light-harvesting systems.

13.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 44(8): 1552-1557, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31090318

RESUMO

In order to understand the function of GDP-mannose pyrophosphorylase(GMPP) function and its regulation in polysaccharide biosynthesis mechanism in Dendrobium. D. huoshanense was used to clone GMPP gene. GMPP gene expression in D. huoshanense,D. officinale and D. moniliforme was also determined by qPCR. The results showed that the length of D. huoshanense GMPP gene c DNA sequence is 1 867 bp,containing 1 245 bp open reading frame(ORF),encoding 415 amino acids. Phylogenetic tree analysis showed that D. huoshanense,D. officinale and D. moniliforme are closely related with GMPP taken into consideration. Bioinformatics analysis demonstrated that GMPP sequence similarity among the three species reached as high as 99%. qPCR results indicated that GMPP genes was highly expressed in stem of D. huoshanense compared with its leaf,flower and root. According to GMPP gene expression profile in D. huoshanense,D. officinale and D. moniliforme grown in Huoshan area,it was clear that GMPP in D. huoshanense showed the highest expression level. Furthermore,our findings of GMPP gene expression profile will facilitate future researches into its polysaccharide biosynthetic mechanism.


Assuntos
Dendrobium/genética , Nucleotidiltransferases/genética , Proteínas de Plantas/genética , Sequência de Bases , Clonagem Molecular , Dendrobium/enzimologia , Filogenia , Polissacarídeos/biossíntese
14.
Free Radic Biol Med ; 137: 13-23, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30978385

RESUMO

Autophagy has been reported to play protective and pathogenetic roles in cerebral ischemia/reperfusion (I/R)-induced neuronal injury. Our previous studies have shown that TP53-induced glycolysis and apoptosis regulator (TIGAR) ameliorates I/R-induced brain injury and reduces anti-cancer drug-induced autophagy activation. However, if TIGAR plays a regulatory role on autophagy in cerebral I/R injury is still unclear. The purpose of the present study is to investigate the role of TIGAR on I/R-induced autophagy activation and ischemic neuronal injury in vivo and in vitro stroke models using TIGAR-transgenic (tg-TIGAR) mice and TIGAR-knockout (ko-TIGAR) mice. The present study confirmed that autophagy was activated after I/R. Overexpression of TIGAR in tg-TIGAR mice significantly reduced I/R-induced autophagy activation and alleviated brain damage, while knockout of TIGAR in ko-TIGAR mice enhanced I/R-induced autophagy activation and exacerbated brain injury in vivo and in vitro. The different activity of autophagy in tg-TIGAR and ko-TIGAR primary neurons after OGD/R were largely reversed by knockdown or re-expression of TIGAR in these neurons. The autophagy inhibitor 3-methyladenine (3-MA) partly prevented exacerbation of brain damage induced by ko-TIGAR, whereas the autophagy inducer rapamycin partially abolished the neuroprotective effect of tg-TIGAR. Knockout of TIGAR reduced the levels of phosphorylated mTOR and S6KP70, which were blocked by 3-MA and NADPH after I/R and OGD/R in vivo and in vitro, respectively. Overexpression of TIGAR increased the levels of phosphorylated mTOR and S6KP70 under OGD/R condition, this enhancement effect was suppressed by rapamycin. In conclusion, our current data suggest that TIGAR protected against neuronal injury partly through inhibiting autophagy by regulating the mTOR-S6KP70 signaling pathway.

15.
Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 27(2): 348-353, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30998136

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To detect and analyze the mutation status of FANCJ gene in adult AML patients, so as to provide the basis for studying the mechanism of FANCJ driven AML and guiding the preventim and treatment of deseese. METHODS: The cDNAs were extracted and transeripted from bone marrow cells and normal skin cells in 222 newly diagnosed AML patients. The primers were designed for FANCJ gene coding region, the mutations of FANCJ gene coding region in AML patients as well as the mutations of FANCJ gene in mucous membrane epethelia in patients were detected by PCR and sanger seguencing; the evolutionary conservation of FANCJ mutation in different organisms was analyzed by NCBI Blast online bioinformaties software. RESULTS: The sequencing analysis showed that the mutations of FANCJ gene happened in 11 sites of FANCJ gene coding region, which were as followed: exon5:c.G430A:p.A144T, exon6:c.A587G:pN196S, exon9:c.C1255T:p.R419W, exon10:c.G1442A:p.G481D, exon11:c.C1609G:p.L537V, exon16:c.C2360T:p.P787L, exon17:c.C2440T:p.R814C, exon19:c.C2608T:pH870Y, exon19:c.A2686G:p.I896V, exon19:c.C2830G:p.Q944E, exon20:c.G3412A:p.D1138N. Among them, the repeatability existed in mutations of A144T, N196S, R814C, I896V and Q944E. Beside, the mutation sites of A144, R419, G381, L537, P787, H870, Q944 and D1138 were highly conserved in different organisms. CONCLUSION: Among 222 adult AML patients, the mutations of FANCJ gene have been found in 26 patients, moreover, the mutation sites are relatively conserved in different organisms, and possess important fanction. The results of this study provide the basis for exploring the mexhanism of FANCJ gene driven AML and for guiding the prevantion and treatment of AML.


Assuntos
Leucemia Mieloide Aguda , Adulto , Primers do DNA , Humanos , Mutação , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase , Prognóstico
16.
Cell Death Dis ; 10(5): 349, 2019 04 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31024010

RESUMO

Paired-box 6 (PAX6) is an important transcription factor required for the function of human neuroectodermal epithelial tissues. Previous studies have suggested that it is also expressed in several types of tumors and has an oncogenic role. However, little is known about its role in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Here, we found that PAX6 expression levels were upregulated in human lung cancer tissues and correlated with poor clinical outcomes. PAX6 overexpression significantly promoted NSCLC epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) and metastasis, whereas its knockdown inhibited these processes. PAX6 is commonly correlated with EMT-mediated stem cell transformation, thereby inducing cisplatin resistance. Using the RT2 Profiler PCR Array, we found that WNT5A, EGFR, and ZEB2 were differentially regulated in response to PAX6 modulation. In addition, PAX6 directly bound to the promoter region of ZEB2. ZEB2 knockdown significantly reduced the expression and function of PAX6. ZEB2 was upregulated upon PAX6 overexpression and downregulated upon PAX6 knockdown, whereas E-cadherin expression negatively correlated with PAX6 levels. Moreover, p-PI3K and p-AKT were significantly enhanced by PAX6, which was reversed by the addition of the PI3K-AKT inhibitor, LY294002. These data suggest that PAX6 can mediate E-cadherin downregulation through the PI3K/AKT signaling pathway by directly binding the promoter region of ZEB2, thereby mediating cell migration, stem cell transformation, and cisplatin resistance; and ultimately, affecting survival in NSCLC patients.

17.
Cell Commun Signal ; 17(1): 28, 2019 03 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30902093

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Macroautophagy (hereafter autophagy) is a tightly regulated process that delivers cellular components to lysosomes for degradation. Damage-regulated autophagy modulator 1 (DRAM1) induces autophagy and is necessary for p53-mediated apoptosis. However, the signalling pathways regulated by DRAM1 are not fully understood. METHODS: HEK293T cells were transfected with FLAG-DRAM1 plasmid. Autophagic proteins (LC3 and p62), phosphorylated p53 and the phosphorylated proteins of the class I PI3K-Akt-mTOR-ribosomal protein S6 (rpS6) signalling pathway were detected with Western blot analysis. Cellular distribution of DRAM1 was determined with immunostaining. DRAM1 was knocked down in HEK293T cells using siRNA oligos which is confirmed by quantitative RT-PCR. Cells were serum starved for 18 h after overexpression or knockdown of DRAM1 to decrease the rpS6 activity to the basal level, and then the cells were stimulated with insulin growth factor, epidermal growth factor or serum. rpS6 phosphorylation and rpS6 were detected with Western blotting. Similarly, after overexpression or knockdown of DRAM1, phosphorylation of IGF-1Rß and IGF-1R were examined with Western blotting. Cell viability was determined with CCK-8 assay and colony formation assay. Finally, human cancer cells Hela, SW480, and HCT116 were transfected with the FLAG-DRAM1 plasmid and phosphorylated rpS6 and rpS6 were detected with Western blot analysis. RESULTS: DRAM1 induced autophagy and inhibited rpS6 phosphorylation in an mTORC1-dependent manner in HEK293T cells. DRAM1 didn't affect the phosphorylated and total levels of p53. Furthermore, DRAM1 inhibited the activation of the PI3K-Akt pathway stimulated with growth factors or serum. DRAM1 was localized at the plasma membrane and regulate the phosphorylation of IGF-1 receptor. DRAM1 decreased cell viability and colony numbers upon serum starvation. Additionally, DRAM1 inhibited rpS6 phosphorylation in several human cancer cells. CONCLUSIONS: Here we provided evidence that DRAM1 inhibited rpS6 phosphorylation in multiple cell types. DRAM1 inhibited the phosphorylation of Akt and the activation of Akt-rpS6 pathway stimulated with growth factors and serum. Furthermore, DRAM1 regulated the activation of IGF-1 receptor. Thus, our results identify that the class I PI3K-Akt-rpS6 pathway is regulated by DRAM1 and may provide new insight into the potential role of DRAM1 in human cancers.


Assuntos
Autofagia/fisiologia , Alvo Mecanístico do Complexo 1 de Rapamicina/metabolismo , Proteínas de Membrana , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/metabolismo , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/metabolismo , Receptor IGF Tipo 1/metabolismo , Proteína S6 Ribossômica/metabolismo , Apoptose , Proliferação de Células , Sobrevivência Celular , Células HCT116 , Células HEK293 , Células HeLa , Humanos , Proteínas de Membrana/metabolismo , Proteínas de Membrana/fisiologia , Fosforilação , Transdução de Sinais , Proteína Supressora de Tumor p53/metabolismo
18.
Arch Insect Biochem Physiol ; 101(1): e21542, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30820994

RESUMO

Our bioassays reviewed that antennae played crucial roles in the responses of maize weevil (Sitophilus zeamais) to food and sex volatiles. In order to identify the maize weevil odorant-binding protein (OBP) genes, we analyzed its antennal transcriptome. In total, 21,587,928 high-quality clean reads were obtained from RNA-seq, 52,206 unigenes were assembled, and 25,744 unigenes showed significant similarity ( E value < 10 -5 ) to known proteins in the NCBI nonredundant protein database. From those unigenes, we identified 41 candidate OBP proteins, which could be categorized into dimeric OBPs subfamily, minus-C OBPs subfamily, and classical OBPs subfamily. Phylogenic analysis indicated that most maize weevil OBPs were closely related to their orthologues in other beetles of the Superfamily Curculionoidea. We further investigated the expression profiles of those candidate OBP genes by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction. Twenty-six of forty-one maize weevil OBP genes were highly expressed in the antennae or other parts of the head. The rest were expressed in the legs, wings, or other tested tissues. The antennal transcriptomic data and candidate OBP genes described here provide a basis for the functional studies of the maize weevil chemical perception, which are potential novel targets for pest control strategies.


Assuntos
Antenas de Artrópodes/metabolismo , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Receptores Odorantes/genética , Gorgulhos/genética , Animais , Expressão Gênica , Proteínas de Insetos/genética , Filogenia , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase em Tempo Real/métodos , Receptores Odorantes/metabolismo , Gorgulhos/metabolismo
19.
Infect Dis Poverty ; 8(1): 12, 2019 Feb 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30728069

RESUMO

Anaplasma species are tick-transmitted obligate intracellular bacteria that infect many wild and domestic animals and humans. The prevalence of Anaplasma spp. in ixodid ticks of Qinghai Province is poorly understood. In this study, a total of 1104 questing adult ticks were investigated for the infection of Anaplasma species. As a result, we demonstrated the total infection rates of 3.1, 11.1, 5.6, and 4.5% for A. phagocytophilum, A. bovis, A. ovis and A. capra, respectively. All of the tick samples were negative for A. marginale. The positive rates of A. phagocytophilum, A. ovis and A. capra in different tick species were significantly different. The positive rates of A. capra and A. bovis in the male ticks were significantly higher than that in the female ticks. Sequence analysis of A. ovis showed 99.5-100% identity to the previous reported isolates. The sequences of A. phagocytophilum had 100% identity to strains Ap-SHX21, JC3-3 and ZAM dog-181 from sheep, Mongolian gazelles, and dogs. Two genotypes of A. capra were found based on 16S rRNA, citrate synthase (gltA) gene and heat shock protein (groEL) gene analysis. In conclusion, A. bovis, A. ovis, A. phagocytophilum, and A. capra were present in the ticks in Qinghai Province. Anaplasma infection is associated with tick species, gender and distribution. These data will be helpful for understanding prevalence status of Anaplasma infections in ticks in Qinghai-Tibet Plateau.


Assuntos
Anaplasma/genética , Anaplasmose/epidemiologia , Anaplasmose/microbiologia , Ixodidae/microbiologia , Altitude , Animais , Feminino , Masculino , Prevalência , Tibet/epidemiologia
20.
Environ Sci Pollut Res Int ; 26(7): 7143-7155, 2019 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30652271

RESUMO

In this study, we have investigated UV-B-induced alterations including chloroplast ultrastructure, chlorophyll fluorescence parameters, physiological metabolism, and chloroplast proteome profile. Comparison of seedling phenotypic characterization and physiological status revealed that the low level of 1.08 KJ m-2 of UV-B irradiation had no obvious effects on seedling phenotype and growth and maintained better chloroplast ultrastructure and higher photosynthetic efficiency. Nevertheless, the high dose of 12.6 KJ m-2 of UV-B stress caused significant inhibitory effects on the growth and development of wheat seedlings. Proteomic analysis of chloroplasts with or without 1.08 KJ m-2 of UV-B irradiation identified 50 differentially expressed protein spots, of which 35 were further analyzed by MALDI-TOF/TOF mass spectrometry. These proteins were found to be involved in multiple cellular metabolic processes including ATP synthesis, light reaction, Calvin cycle, detoxifying and antioxidant reactions, protein metabolism, malate and tetrapyrrole biosynthesis, and signal transduction pathway. We also identified 3 novel UV-B-responsive proteins, spots 8801, 8802, and 9201, and predicted three new proteins might be UV-B protective proteins. Our results imply chloroplasts play a central protective role in UV-B resistance of wheat seedlings and also provide novel evidences that UV-B stress directly affects on the structure and function of chloroplasts and explore molecular mechanisms associated with plant UV-B tolerance from chloroplast perspective.


Assuntos
Adaptação Fisiológica/fisiologia , Proteoma/metabolismo , Triticum/fisiologia , Raios Ultravioleta , Cloroplastos , Espectrometria de Massas , Fotossíntese , Proteínas de Plantas , Proteômica , Plântula
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