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1.
Soft comput ; : 1-16, 2021 Jan 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33424432

RESUMO

The COVID-19 pandemic continues to have a destructive effect on the health and well-being of the global population. A vital step in the battle against it is the successful screening of infected patients, together with one of the effective screening methods being radiology examination using chest radiography. Recognition of epidemic growth patterns across temporal and social factors can improve our capability to create epidemic transmission designs, including the critical job of predicting the estimated intensity of the outbreak morbidity or mortality impact at the end. The study's primary motivation is to be able to estimate with a certain level of accuracy the number of deaths due to COVID-19, managing to model the progression of the pandemic. Predicting the number of possible deaths from COVID-19 can provide governments and decision-makers with indicators for purchasing respirators and pandemic prevention policies. Thus, this work presents itself as an essential contribution to combating the pandemic. Kalman Filter is a widely used method for tracking and navigation and filtering and time series. Designing and tuning machine learning methods are a labor- and time-intensive task that requires extensive experience. The field of automated machine learning Auto Machine Learning relies on automating this task. Auto Machine Learning tools enable novice users to create useful machine learning units, while experts can use them to free up valuable time for other tasks. This paper presents an objective method of forecasting the COVID-19 outbreak using Kalman Filter and Auto Machine Learning. We use a COVID-19 dataset of Ceará, one of the 27 federative units in Brazil. Ceará has more than 235,222 confirmed cases of COVID-19 and 8850 deaths due to the disease. The TPOT automobile model showed the best result with a 0.99 of R 2 score.

2.
J Clin Lab Anal ; : e23694, 2021 Jan 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33389784

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore the value of platelet parameters and related scoring system in predicting esophageal varices and collateral veins in patients with liver cirrhosis. METHOD: A total of 94 patients with liver cirrhosis diagnosed in our hospital from March 2017 to July 2018 were divided into without esophageal varices group (NEV) and esophageal varices group (EV) into mild, moderate, and severe subgroups according to the results of general gastroscopy. The differences of biological indexes among different degrees of esophageal varices and collateral veins were analyzed, and the related factors of esophageal varices and collateral veins were analyzed. RESULTS: PLT count and PCT decreased gradually with the increase of esophageal varices in EV group. There were significant differences in PLT count and PCT, which were negatively correlated with the degree of collateral vein in esophageal collateral vein group. The maximum cross-sectional diameter and mean diameter of esophageal collateral veins in EV group were wider than those in NEV group. Further study showed that the maximum cross-sectional total diameter and mean diameter of esophageal collateral veins in severe esophageal varices group were wider than those in NEV group and mild esophageal varices group. Sequential Logistic regression analysis showed that PCT could effectively predict the existence of esophageal varices. Platelet parameters had no significant diagnostic value in predicting peri-ECV and Para-ECV. For platelet-related FI, APRI, FIB-4, King, Lok, GUCI, and FibroQ scoring systems, multivariate Logistic regression showed that FI, FIB-4, Lok and FibroQ scoring systems could effectively predict the presence of EV and Para-ECV (P<0.05), and its Lok Index is better than other rating systems, with AUROC values of 0.773 and 0.747, respectively. There is no significant predictive value for above scoring systems of peri-ECV. CONCLUSIONS: PCT and LOK index can effectively predict the existence of esophageal varices and para-esophageal veins in patients with liver cirrhosis, and can be used as an effective filling method for common gastroscopy and endoscopic ultrasonography to detect EV and ECV in liver cirrhosis.

3.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 1810, 2021 Jan 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33469110

RESUMO

Acute-on-chronic liver failure (ACLF) is a dynamic syndrome, and sequential assessments can reflect its prognosis more accurately. Our aim was to build and validate a new scoring system to predict short-term prognosis using baseline and dynamic data in ACLF. We conducted a retrospective cohort analysis of patients with ACLF from three different hospitals in China. To construct the model, we analyzed a training set of 541 patients from two hospitals. The model's performance was evaluated in a validation set of 130 patients from another center. In the training set, multivariate Cox regression analysis revealed that age, WGO type, basic etiology, total bilirubin, creatinine, prothrombin activity, and hepatic encephalopathy stage were all independent prognostic factors in ACLF. We designed a dynamic trend score table based on the changing trends of these indicators. Furthermore, a logistic prediction model (DP-ACLF) was constructed by combining the sum of dynamic trend scores and baseline prognostic parameters. All prognostic scores were calculated based on the clinical data of patients at the third day, first week, and second week after admission, respectively, and were correlated with the 90-day prognosis by ROC analysis. Comparative analysis showed that the AUC value for DP-ACLF was higher than for other prognostic scores, including Child-Turcotte-Pugh, MELD, MELD-Na, CLIF-SOFA, CLIF-C ACLF, and COSSH-ACLF. The new scoring model, which combined baseline characteristics and dynamic changes in clinical indicators to predict the course of ACLF, showed a better prognostic ability than current scoring systems. Prospective studies are needed to validate these results.

4.
J Craniofac Surg ; 32(1): 257-260, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32941208

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Sturge-Weber syndrome (SWS) is a rare neurocutaneous syndrome characterized by port-wine stain, leptomeningeal angiomatosis, and glaucoma. Due to the involvement of the nervous system, patients are often accompanied with epilepsy. It reported that 75% of patients with SWS did not respond to standard antiepileptic drugs. Although hemispherectomy is effective in treating these patients, the application of it has been limited due to high risk and huge trauma. Recent studies have shown that sirolimus has a positive on complex vascular malformations and seizures, so the authors attempted to treat them by using sirolimus. METHODS: The authors retrospectively analyzed 6 patients with SWS who were refractory to antiepileptic drugs and accepted oral sirolimus in their department between 2017 and 2020. RESULTS: All 6 patients were responsive to oral sirolimus treatment. Epilepsy was controlled in all patients, no epilepsy relapsed in 6 patients during the follow-up period. The facial port-wine stain of the patients were all lightened and the hypertrophy of pathological tissue was improved. Only minor adverse reactions occurred during the treatment. CONCLUSIONS: Oral sirolimus could control the occurrence of epilepsy and improve the appearance, with minor and tolerable adverse reactions. Sirolimus is especially suitable for patients with severe epilepsy, failure, or contraindications of antiepileptic drugs; it could be an alternative method for patients who are unwilling to accept the risks of neurosurgery.

5.
Ultrasound Med Biol ; 47(3): 733-750, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33358511

RESUMO

The perforation of plasma membrane by ultrasound-driven microbubbles (i.e., sonoporation) provides a temporary window for transporting macromolecules into the cytoplasm that is promising with respect to drug delivery and gene therapy. To improve the efficacy of delivery while ensuring biosafety, membrane resealing and cell recovery are required to help sonoporated cells defy membrane injury and regain their normal function. Blebs are found to accompany the recovery of sonoporated cells. However, the spatiotemporal characteristics of blebs and the underlying mechanisms remain unclear. With a customized platform for ultrasound exposure and 2-D/3-D live single-cell imaging, localized membrane perforation was induced with ultrasound-driven microbubbles, and the cellular responses were monitored using multiple fluorescent probes. The results indicated that localized blebs undergoing four phases (nucleation, expansion, pausing and retraction) on a time scale of tens of seconds to minutes were specifically involved in the reversibly sonoporated cells. The blebs spatially correlated with the membrane perforation site and temporally lagged (about tens of seconds to minutes) the resealing of perforated membrane. Their diameter (about several microns) and lifetime (about tens of seconds to minutes) positively correlated with the degree of sonoporation. Further studies revealed that intracellular calcium transients might be an upstream signal for triggering blebbing nucleation; exocytotic lysosomes not only contributed to resealing of the perforated membrane, but also to the increasing bleb volume during expansion; and actin components accumulation facilitated bleb retraction. These results provide new insight into the short-term strategies that the sonoporated cell employs to recover on membrane perforation and to remodel membrane structure and a biophysical foundation for sonoporation-based therapy.

6.
Liver Int ; 41(2): 369-377, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33277803

RESUMO

BACKGROUND & AIMS: Non-invasive assessment criteria to rule out high-risk varices (HRV) in compensated hepatitis B virus (HBV) cirrhosis on antiviral therapy remains unclear. METHODS: HBV-related compensated cirrhotic patients who underwent screening endoscopy during antiviral therapy were enrolled and randomly divided into the derivation and validation sets. HRV were defined as medium to large varices or small varices with red signs. Univariate and multivariate logistic analysis were used to determine the parameters associated with HRV. RESULTS: A total of 436 HBV-related compensated cirrhotic patients screened for varices were enrolled, the median duration of antiviral therapy was 4 years (IQR: 2.5-5.5 years). In the derivation set (N = 290, 17.2% with HRV), only platelet (PLT) count (OR = 0.972, 95% CI 0.961-0.984, P < .05) was independently associated with HRV, whereas liver stiffness measurement was not associated with the presence of HRV. With a PLT count cut-off value of 105 × 109 /L, unnecessary endoscopies could be spared in 56.9% patients, with a 3.6%. risk of missing HRV. In the validation cohort (N = 146, 16.4% with HRV), the proportion of patients that could safely spare endoscopies (61.0%) identified by this PLT count cut-off value was higher than that obtained by using Baveno VI criteria (34.9%), with an acceptable risk of missing HRV (3.4%). CONCLUSION: Compared with the 'Baveno VI criteria or beyond' criteria, PLT count higher than 105 × 109 /L could safely spare more screening endoscopies without increasing the risk of missing HRV in patients with HBV-related compensated cirrhosis on antiviral therapy.

7.
Eur J Med Chem ; 209: 112867, 2021 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33010634

RESUMO

Photodynamic therapy (PDT) is an emerging alternative cancer treatment modality that utilizes photo-sensitivity to cause cell death upon photo-irradiation. However, PDT efficiency has been hampered by tumor hypoxia, blue-shifted excitation wavelengths, and the high dark toxicity of photo-sensitizers. We designed and synthesized two novel porphycene-based photosensitizers (TBPoS-OH and TBPoS-2OH) with potent photo-cytotoxicity and a LD50 in the nM range under both normoxic and hypoxic conditions in a variety of cell types after photo-irradiation (λ = 640 ± 15 nm). Further studies showed fast-cellular uptake for TBPoS-OH that localized lysosomes and subsequently induced cell apoptosis via the lysosomal-mitochondrial pathway. Moreover, TBPoS-OH significantly reduced tumor growth in two xenografted mouse models bearing melanoma A375 and B16 cells. Finally, TBPoS-OH exhibited no obvious immunogenicity and toxicity to blood cells and major organs in mice. These data demonstrated that these two porphycene-based photosensitizers, especially TBPoS-OH, could be developed as a potential PDT modality.

8.
Materials (Basel) ; 13(23)2020 Nov 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33255955

RESUMO

This paper aims at investigating the electrical tree characteristics of isotactic polypropylene (iPP)/syndiotactic polypropylene (sPP) blends for thermoplastic cable insulation. PP blended samples with sPP contents of 0, 5, 15, 30, and 45 wt% are prepared, and electrical treeing experiments are implemented under alternating current (AC) voltage at 50, 70, and 90 °C. Experimental results show that with the incorporation of sPP increasing to 15 wt%, the inception time of electrical tree increases by 8.2%. The addition of sPP by 15% distinguishes an excellent performance in inhibiting electrical treeing, which benefits from the ability to promote the fractal dimension and lateral growth of branches. Further increase in sPP loading has a negative effect on the electrical treeing resistance of blended insulation. It is proved by DSC and POM that the addition of sPP promotes the heterogeneous crystallization the of PP matrix, resulting in an increasing density of interfacial regions between crystalline regions, which contains charge carrier traps. Charges injected from an electrode into a polymer are captured by deep traps at the interfacial regions, thus inhibiting the propagation of electrical tree. It is concluded that the modification of crystalline morphology by 15 wt% sPP addition has a great advantage in electrical treeing resistance for PP-based cable insulation.

9.
Ultrason Sonochem ; 72: 105400, 2020 Dec 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33341072

RESUMO

Inertial cavitation (IC) of the preformed microbubbles is being investigated for ultrasound imaging and therapeutic applications. However, microbubbles rupture during IC, creating smaller daughter bubbles (DBs), which may cause undesired bioeffects in the target region. Thus, it is important to determine the properties of DBs to achieve controllable cavitation activity for applications. In this study, we theoretically calculated the dissolution dynamics of sulfur hexafluoride bubbles. Then, we applied a 1-MHz single tone burst with different peak negative pressures (PNPs) and pulse lengths (PLs), and multiple 5-MHz tone bursts with fixed acoustic conditions to elicit IC of the preformed SonoVue microbubbles and scattering of DBs, respectively. After the IC and scattering signals were received by a 7.5-MHz transducer, time- and frequency-domain analysis was performed to obtain the IC dose and scattering intensity curve. The theoretical dissolution curves and measured scattering intensity curves were combined to determine the effect of the incident pulse parameters on the lifetime, mean radius and distribution range of DBs. Increased PNP reduced the lifetime and mean size of the DBs population and narrowed the size distribution. The proportion of small DBs (less than resonance size) increased from 36.83% to 85.98% with an increase in the PNP from 0.6 to 1.6 MPa. Moreover, increased PL caused a shift of the DB population to the smaller bubbles with shorter lifetime and narrower distribution. The proportion of small bubbles increased from 25.74% to 95.08% as the PL was increased from 5 to 100 µs. Finally, increased IC dose caused a smaller mean size, shorter lifetime and narrower distribution in the DB population. These results provide new insight into the relationship between the incident acoustic parameters and the properties of DBs, and a feasible strategy for achieving controllable cavitation activity in applications.

10.
Cell Death Dis ; 11(12): 1066, 2020 12 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33311456

RESUMO

The excessive accumulation of extracellular matrix (ECM) is a key feature of liver fibrosis and the activated hepatic stellate cells (HSCs) are the major producer of ECM proteins. However, the precise mechanisms and target molecules that are involved in liver fibrosis remain unclear. In this study, we reported that activating transcription factor 3 (ATF3) was over-expressed in mice and human fibrotic livers, in activated HSCs and injured hepatocytes (HCs). Both in vivo and in vitro study have revealed that silencing ATF3 reduced the expression of pro-fibrotic genes and inhibited the activation of HSCs, thus alleviating the extent of liver fibrosis, indicating a potential protective role of ATF3 knockdown. However, ATF3 was not involved in either the apoptosis or proliferation of HCs. In addition, our data illustrated that increased nuclear localization of ATF3 promoted the transcription of fibrogenic genes and lnc-SCARNA10, which functioned as a novel positive regulator of TGF-ß signaling in liver fibrogenesis by recruiting SMAD3 to the promoter of these genes. Interestingly, further study also demonstrated that lnc-SCARNA10 promoted the expression of ATF3 in a TGF-ß/SMAD3-dependent manner, revealing a TGF-ß/ATF3/lnc-SCARNA10 axis that contributed to liver fibrosis by activating HSCs. Taken together, our data provide a molecular mechanism implicating induced ATF3 in liver fibrosis, suggesting that ATF3 may represent a useful target in the development of therapeutic strategies for liver fibrosis.

11.
Am J Phys Anthropol ; 2020 Dec 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33305836

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Violence affected daily life in prehistoric societies, especially at conflict zones where different peoples fought over resources and for other reasons. In this study, cranial trauma was analyzed to discuss the pattern of violence experienced by three Bronze to early Iron Age populations (1,000-100 BCE) that belonged to the Subeixi culture. These populations lived in the Turpan Basin, a conflict zone in the middle of the Eurasian Steppe. METHODS: The injuries on 129 complete crania unearthed from the Subeixi cemeteries were examined for crude prevalence rate (CPR), trauma type, time of occurrence, possible weapon, and direction of the blow. Thirty-three injuries identified from poorly preserved crania were also included in the analyses except for the CPR. Data was also compared between the samples and with four other populations that had violence-related backgrounds. RESULTS: Overall, 16.3% (21/129) of the individuals showed violence-induced traumatic lesions. Results also indicated that most of the injuries were perimortem (81.6%), and that women and children were more involved in conflict than the other comparative populations. Wounds from weapons accounted for 42.1% of the identified cranial injuries. Distribution analysis suggested no dominant handedness of the attackers, and that blows came from all directions including the top (17.1%). Wounds caused by arrowheads and a special type of battle-ax popular in middle and eastern Eurasian Steppe were also recognized. DISCUSSION: A comprehensive analysis of the skeletal evidence, historical records, and archeological background would suggest that the raiding to be the most possible conflict pattern reflected by the samples. The attackers were likely to have been nomadic invaders from the steppe (such as the Xiongnu from historical records), who attacked the residents in the basin more likely for their resources rather than territory or labor force.

12.
Life Sci ; : 118930, 2020 Dec 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33359242

RESUMO

AIMS: Vascular calcification is a major risk factor for cardiovascular mortality accompanied by DNA damage. Cyclic GMP-AMP synthase (cGAS) is a DNA sensor that is activated by genomic DNA damage. Here, we investigated the molecular mechanisms linking cGAS to vascular calcification. MAIN METHODS: Diabetic arteriosclerotic model and vascular calcification of primary vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) were induced. Calcification was visualized with Alizarin red staining. Calcium deposition and alkaline phosphatase activity were analyzed by respectively kits. Deacetylation of cGAS was investigated using co-immunoprecipitation assay. KEY FINDINGS: Protein, but not mRNA, expression of cGAS is down-regulated in VSMCs and animal models of calcification. Overexpression of cGAS attenuated high-Pi induced calcification, calcium content and ALP activity. In addition, cGAS regulated VSMCs phenotype as overexpression of cGAS increased expression of contractile markers α-SMA and SM22α and decreased the expression of osteogenic markers RUNX2 and BMP2. The LC3II/LC3I ratio and Atg5 level were upregulated by cGAS overexpression. Under calcification-inducing conditions, HDAC1 deacetylates cGAS and inactivates it. HDAC1 knockdown by short hairpin HDAC1 reversed the cGAS-induced reduction in vascular calcification, as well as in autophagy. SIGNIFICANCE: HDAC1-induced cGAS deacetylation enhances vascular calcification and may therefore be a potential therapeutic target.

13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33290231

RESUMO

Many CNN-based segmentation methods have been applied in lane marking detection recently and gain excellent success for a strong ability in modeling semantic information. Although the accuracy of lane line prediction is getting better and better, lane markings' localization ability is relatively weak, especially when the lane marking point is remote. Traditional lane detection methods usually utilize highly specialized handcrafted features and carefully designed postprocessing to detect the lanes. However, these methods are based on strong assumptions and, thus, are prone to scalability. In this work, we propose a novel multitask method that: 1) integrates the ability to model semantic information of CNN and the strong localization ability provided by handcrafted features and 2) predicts the position of vanishing line. A novel lane fitting method based on vanishing line prediction is also proposed for sharp curves and nonflat road in this article. By integrating segmentation, specialized handcrafted features, and fitting, the accuracy of location and the convergence speed of networks are improved. Extensive experimental results on four-lane marking detection data sets show that our method achieves state-of-the-art performance.

14.
Nat Prod Res ; : 1-7, 2020 Dec 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33331165

RESUMO

A new cyclic peptide, Pseudostellarin K (1), together with thirteen known compounds, including two cyclic peptides (2 and 3), one ß-carboline alkaloid (4), two amides (5 and 6), three phenylpropanoids (7-9) and other compounds (10-14), were isolated from the fibrous root of Pseudostellaria heterophylla. Their structures were elucidated by extensive spectroscopic analysis. Compounds 1, 4-6, 10 were isolated from the genus pseudostellaria for the first time. All compounds were evaluated for cytotoxic activities against MCF-7, A549, HCT-116 and SGC-7901 cell lines by MTT assay. Unfortunately, all these compounds displayed weak cytotoxic activities.

15.
Micromachines (Basel) ; 11(12)2020 Dec 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33339124

RESUMO

The general preparation method of large-area, continuous, uniform, and controllable vdW heterostructure materials is provided in this paper. To obtain the preparation of MoS2/h-BN and WS2/h-BN heterostructures, MoS2 and WS2 material are directly grown on the insulating h-BN substrate by atmospheric pressure chemical vapor deposition (APCVD) method, which does not require any intermediate transfer steps. The test characterization of MoS2/h-BN and WS2/h-BN vdW heterostructure materials can be accomplished by optical microscope, AFM, Raman and PL spectroscopy. The Raman peak signal of h-BN material is stronger when the h-BN film is thicker. Compared to the spectrum of MoS2 or WS2 material on SiO2/Si substrate, the Raman and PL spectrum peak positions of MoS2/h-BN heterostructure are blue-shifted, which is due to the presence of local strain, charged impurities and the vdW heterostructure interaction. Additionally, the PL spectrum of WS2 material shows the strong emission peak at 1.96 eV, while the full width half maximum (FWHM) is only 56 meV. The sharp emission peak indicates that WS2/h-BN heterostructure material has the high crystallinity and clean interface. In addition, the peak position and shape of IPM mode characteristic peak are not obvious, which can be explained by the Van der Waals interaction of WS2/h-BN heterostructure. From the above experimental results, the preparation method of heterostructure material is efficient and scalable, which can provide the important support for the subsequent application of TMDs/h-BN heterostructure in nanoelectronics and optoelectronics.

16.
Am J Transl Res ; 12(10): 6434-6444, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33194041

RESUMO

Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has rapidly spread across the globe while little multi-center research about the epidemiological characteristics of cluster transmission is conducted. To provide a more comprehensive description of the epidemiological characteristics of cluster transmission and the virulence of SARS-CoV-2 carried by asymptomatic carriers, we studied the epidemiological characteristics of 70 clusters. 70 clusters including 311 consecutive subjects from January 20, 2020, to March 10, 2020, were enrolled. Of 70 clusters, 5 were infected by asymptomatic or presymptomatic carriers. We gathered and analyzed information about their demographic, epidemiological, clinical, diagnostic classification, and cluster characteristics. Among the 66 asymptomatic carriers in Jiangsu Province, 49 asymptomatic were observed in 311 subjects distributed in 70 clusters. We demonstrated that there is a significance between the severity of cases infected by asymptomatic carriers and cases infected by symptomatic patients (P=0.033) and the former usually presented with milder symptoms. A significant difference was shown regarding the level distribution of age (P=0.006) and the frequency distribution of gender (P=0.014) and disease severity of COVID-19 (P=0.008) among the seven groups classified by the relationship with the index cases. The average age of infected medical staff was the youngest and the majority of infected medical are females while the infected patients were generally oldest and usually accompanied by severest symptoms. We concluded that asymptomatic carriers are mainly screened out of clusters and the patients infected by asymptomatic carriers present with milder symptoms than those infected by symptomatic patients, which indicated that the SARS-CoV-2 shares decreased virulence among asymptomatic carriers. Effective measures should be taken to prevent transmission in hospitals to protect doctors, nurses, and patients.

17.
Ann Transl Med ; 8(17): 1077, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33145296

RESUMO

Background: On March 11, 2020, the World Health Organization (WHO) officially announced that the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) had reached global pandemic status. Current studies have found that angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2) is a cell surface receptor of the novel coronavirus that plays a vital role in the pathogenesis of COVID-19. It is of immense importance for the prevention of virus transmission and treatment to clarify the distribution and expression of ACE2 in various tissues and organs of the body. Methods: RNAseq transcriptome data and sex data were obtained from the genotype-tissue expression (GTEx) and the Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) databases. We separately analyzed the distribution of ACE2 expression in different tissues in the GTEx and TCGA database, and explored the correlation between sex and ACE2 expression levels. Next, the expression levels of ACE2 in different tissues and organs and its correlation with sex were analyzed once again after combing all samples from the two databases. Results: ACE2 expression data were collected from the GTEx database for 6738 normal tissues. Six hundred eighteen tumor tissue data were collected from the TCGA database. The results of the analysis are consistent from different databases. The results indicated that the expression of ACE2 was the highest in the small intestines, higher in tissues such as salivary glands in the testicular, kidney, heart, thyroid and adipose tissues, while the expression of ACE2 was lower in tissues such as the spleen, brain, muscle, pituitary, and skin. There were no significant differences in the expression of ACE2 in the different organs when it came to the individual's sex. Conclusions: Our study deeply explored the distribution and expression of ACE2 in various tissues of the human body. The tissues and organs with high ACE2 expression were consistent with the current clinical and basic research results of the novel coronavirus. Our study is conducive to the discovery of potential target organs for viral infection, to provide a reference for the development of clinical progress of patients with novel coronavirus infection.

18.
ACS Omega ; 5(46): 30037-30046, 2020 Nov 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33251439

RESUMO

The strong and specific noncovalent interaction between avidin and biotin is widely exploited in different types of enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay kits, labeled immunosensors, and polymer-based sensing devices for the detection of different biomarkers specific to different diseases such as cancer and influenza. Here, we employed the avidin-biotin technology in a novel gold nanoparticle-decorated graphene field-effect transistor (AuNP-GFET) and demonstrated the specific detection of the biotinylated macromolecules such as biotinylated proteins and nucleotides in the sub-picomolar (pM) range. The AuNP-GFET was constructed by fabricating six pairs of interdigital electrodes on graphene transferred on a SiO2/Si substrate. The sensing performance of AuNP-GFET was characterized by the real-time two-terminal electrical current measurement upon injection of the analyte solution into a silicone pool preattached onto the electrodes. Avidin, a tetrameric biotin-binding protein with strong affinity and specificity, immobilized on AuNP-decorated single-layer graphene, was used as the sensing platform and transduced the electrical signal upon binding to the analyte macromolecules. The sensing capability of the AuNP-GFET was tested with the biotinylated protein A. Sensitivity of the present biosensor was estimated to be ∼0.4 pM. The specificity and applicability of the biosensor were confirmed using both synthetic and real samples. Because the biotin label can retain its binding capability to avidin with strong affinity and specificity even after conjugating with varieties of proteins and nucleotides, the present AuNP-GFET biosensor is expected to promote the research in developing different biosensors.

19.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(46): e23257, 2020 Nov 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33181718

RESUMO

Critically ill patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) have a high case fatality rate. Hence, controlling the disease progression of severely ill COVID-19 patients to avoid the development of severe-to-critical COVID-19 is the most important target of COVID-19 treatment. The latest autopsy results of COVID-19 patients have shown the presence of viscous secretions in the airways. However, no studies are available that specifically describe and analyze the sputum characteristics and the effects of various sputum drainage methods on the prognosis of COVID-19 patients. In our study, we found that elderly COVID-19 patients were more susceptible to progression to critical illness (P = .024) and were likely to have accompanying lymphopenia (P = .035) or increased neutrophil counts (P = .019). We observed that there was a higher proportion of patients with Grade 3 sticky sputum in the critically ill group than in the noncritically ill group (P = .026), suggesting that changes in sputum characteristics may be one of the early warning signs of critical COVID-19. In addition, we found that the application rates of large doses of ambroxol (P = .043) and prone-position drainage (P = .037) were relatively high in COVID-19 patients with good prognoses, suggesting that the early application of large doses of expectorant drugs and prone-position drainage in COVID-19 patients may avoid progression to critical illness and improve the prognosis.


Assuntos
Manuseio das Vias Aéreas/métodos , Infecções por Coronavirus/patologia , Estado Terminal , Pneumonia Viral/patologia , Escarro/química , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/mortalidade , Expectorantes/administração & dosagem , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neutrófilos/metabolismo , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/mortalidade , Decúbito Ventral , Estudos Retrospectivos , Índice de Gravidade de Doença
20.
PLoS One ; 15(11): e0236203, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33175875

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: To use liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS) to identify endogenous differential metabolites in the urine of rats with chronic atrophic gastritis (CAG). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Methylnitronitrosoguanidine (MNNG) was used to produce a CAG model in Wistar rats, and HE staining was used to determine the pathological model. LC-MS was used to detect the differential metabolic profiles in rat urine. Diversified analysis was performed by the statistical method. RESULTS: Compared with the control group, the model group had 68 differential metabolites, 25 that were upregulated and 43 that were downregulated. The main metabolic pathways were D-glutamine and D-glutamic acid metabolism, histidine metabolism and purine metabolism. CONCLUSION: By searching for differential metabolites and metabolic pathways in the urine of CAG rats, this study provides effective experimental data for the pathogenesis and clinical diagnosis of CAG.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores/urina , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Gastrite Atrófica/patologia , Gastrite Atrófica/urina , Redes e Vias Metabólicas , Metabolômica/métodos , Animais , Masculino , Ratos , Ratos Wistar
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