Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 11 de 11
Filtrar
Mais filtros










Base de dados
Intervalo de ano de publicação
1.
J Steroid Biochem Mol Biol ; 214: 105994, 2021 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34481040

RESUMO

Endocrine-disrupting chemicals (EDCs) are exogenous compounds that are capable of blocking or mimicking the action of bioidentical hormones. Obesogenic EDCs, commonly called obesogens, play an important role in adipogenesis. This study was carried out to determine the effects of select obesogens and their alternatives on adipogenesis in 3T3-L1 cells under dexamethasone (DEX)-free conditions. Preadipocytes were treated with a cocktail of 3-isobutyl-1-methylxanthine (IBMX) and insulin to which an obesogen (viz., bisphenol A (BPA) or its analogs BPS and BPF; dioctyl terephthalate; tris (2-ethylhexyl) trimellitate; or various parabens) had been added. A mixture containing IBMX, insulin, and DEX, which constitute the typical hormonal cocktail required for adipocyte differentiation, was used as the control against which the other groups were measured. The obesogens and the PBA analogs all had evident adipogenic effects under DEX-free conditions, as was determined by estimating the lipid accumulation levels in the cells using Oil Red O staining. Furthermore, the expression of adipogenic transcription factors (CCAAT/enhancer-binding protein-alpha, peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma, and adipocyte protein 2) was induced by 20 µM of BPA, BPS, or BPF at both the mRNA and protein levels, as determined through reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction and western blot assays. Taken together, the results reveal that adipocyte differentiation can be induced by obesogens and their alternatives in the absence of DEX.

2.
Molecules ; 26(15)2021 Jul 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34361744

RESUMO

Korean red pine (Pinus densiflora) belongs to the Genus Pinus, and its bark contains a great amount of naturally occurring phenolic compounds. Until now, few studies have been conducted to assess the neuroprotective effects of Pinus densiflora bark extract against brain ischemic injury. The aim of this study was to investigate the neuroprotective effects of pre-treatment with the extract in the hippocampus following 5-min transient forebrain ischemia in gerbils. Furthermore, this study examined the anti-inflammatory effect as a neuroprotective mechanism of the extract. Pinus densiflora bark was extracted by pure water (100 °C), and this extract was quantitatively analyzed and contained abundant polyphenols, flavonoids, and proanthocyanidins. The extract (25, 50, and 100 mg/kg) was orally administered once a day for seven days before the ischemia. In the gerbil hippocampus, death of the pyramidal neurons was found in the subfield cornu ammonis 1 (CA1) five days after the ischemia. This death was significantly attenuated by pre-treatment with 100 mg/kg, not 25 or 50 mg/kg, of the extract. The treatment with 100 mg/kg of the extract markedly inhibited the activation of microglia (microgliosis) and significantly decreased the expression of pro-inflammatory cytokines (interleukin 1ß and tumor necrosis factor α). In addition, the treatment significantly increased anti-inflammatory cytokines (interleukin 4 and interleukin 13). Taken together, this study clearly indicates that pre-treatment with 100 mg/kg of Pinus densiflora bark extract in gerbils can exert neuroprotection against brain ischemic injury by the attenuation of neuroinflammatory responses.


Assuntos
Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Isquemia Encefálica/tratamento farmacológico , Hipocampo/efeitos dos fármacos , Fármacos Neuroprotetores/farmacologia , Pinus/química , Prosencéfalo/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Anti-Inflamatórios/química , Isquemia Encefálica/genética , Isquemia Encefálica/metabolismo , Isquemia Encefálica/patologia , Flavonoides/química , Flavonoides/farmacologia , Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Gerbillinae , Hipocampo/metabolismo , Hipocampo/patologia , Inflamação , Interleucina-13/agonistas , Interleucina-13/genética , Interleucina-13/metabolismo , Interleucina-1beta/antagonistas & inibidores , Interleucina-1beta/genética , Interleucina-1beta/metabolismo , Interleucina-4/agonistas , Interleucina-4/genética , Interleucina-4/metabolismo , Masculino , Microglia/efeitos dos fármacos , Microglia/metabolismo , Microglia/patologia , Fármacos Neuroprotetores/química , Casca de Planta/química , Extratos Vegetais/química , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Polifenóis/química , Polifenóis/farmacologia , Proantocianidinas/química , Proantocianidinas/farmacologia , Prosencéfalo/metabolismo , Prosencéfalo/patologia , Células Piramidais/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Piramidais/metabolismo , Células Piramidais/patologia , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/antagonistas & inibidores , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/genética , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/metabolismo
3.
Food Chem ; 356: 129705, 2021 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33836361

RESUMO

We developed and validated a method for the simultaneous quantitative analysis of food dyes in two food matrices, i.e., chewing gum and soft drinks. Furthermore, we evaluated the stability of food dyes in these matrices with respect to the pH and acid content. The optimized and validated method is based on high-performance liquid chromatography-photodiode array (HPLC-PDA) and liquid chromatography-tandem spectroscopy; the proposed method could identify and quantify 12 dyes in the two matrices. The recoveries of the food dyes identified by HPLC-PDA analysis ranged from 98.61% to 118.42%, with relative standard deviations of 0.06-4.90%. In addition, the expanded uncertainties of the measurements ranged from 0.57 to 3.12%. Finally, the food dyes were found to be stable in the matrices over 30 days. Thus, we believe that the proposed analytical method is suitable for the identification and quantification of food dyes in chewing gum and soft drink samples.


Assuntos
Bebidas Gaseificadas/análise , Goma de Mascar/análise , Corantes/análise , Análise de Alimentos/métodos , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Limite de Detecção , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem , Incerteza
4.
Food Sci Biotechnol ; 30(2): 171-183, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33732508

RESUMO

Cucurbita moschata is widely planted in most parts of the world, and is rich in carotenoids, vitamins, dietary fiber, minerals, and phenolic compounds. It also has important medicinal value. Some related research has proven that Cucurbita moschata has the potential ability to induce anti-obesity, anti-diabetic, antibacterial, and anticancer effects. At the same time, it has attracted more attention in the medical field. These nutrients and bioactive compounds in Cucurbita moschata have important effects on human health. In order to make better use of this crop, it still needs further study. Therefore, the purpose of this article is to summarize the physicochemical properties and nutritional components of Cucurbita moschata, and to provide a reference for further research on the benefits of on human health.

5.
J Food Biochem ; 45(4): e13650, 2021 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33576517

RESUMO

In recent years, Brassica juncea has been selected as a special agricultural crop in Jeongseon, Gangwon-do, Korea, and is actively grown there. However, there have been no studies on B. juncea cultivated in Jeongseon (BJJ). Sinigrin, an index component of cruciferous vegetables, has been reported to have antiobesity effects. In this study, we developed a method for obtaining a BJJ extract with optimized sinigrin content, and investigate the antiobesity properties of the BJJ extract and sinigrin. The optimal extraction conditions for BJJ were found to be with 60% ethanol, at 70°C, for 3 hr. Lipid accumulation and ROS production were significantly suppressed in both the BJJ extract and sinigrin-treated groups. Furthermore, BJJ extract and sinigrin were effectively controlled the expression of proteins that regulate lipid accumulation, fatty acid oxidation, and energy metabolism. Thus, BJJ extract containing sinigrin may be used as a health functional food material. PRACTICAL APPLICATIONS: Brassica juncea has been reported to be rich in flavonoids, polyphenols, and glucosinolate, which are secondary vegetable metabolites. In this study, an extraction method to optimize the content of sinigrin in BJJ was established, and the antiobesity mechanism for the extract was confirmed. Lipid accumulation and ROS production were significantly suppressed in both the BJJ extract and sinigrin-treated groups in the study. It was confirmed that the expression of proteins that regulate lipid accumulation, lipid synthesis, fatty acid oxidation, heat generation, and energy metabolism was effectively controlled by the BJJ extract and sinigrin. Therefore, the ethanol extraction method of this study are considered to be useful for the preparation of extracts using cruciferous vegetables, and BJJ extract containing sinigrin have the potential to be used as a health functional food material for obesity.


Assuntos
Glucosinolatos , Mostardeira , Células 3T3-L1 , Adipócitos , Animais , Camundongos
6.
Antioxidants (Basel) ; 9(12)2020 Dec 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33339396

RESUMO

Aster scaber is a wild vegetable cultivated in Korea and is known to contain phytochemicals with various biological activities. The potential antioxidant and anti-obesity effects of A. scaber and their mechanism are yet to be reported. We evaluated the total phenolic, flavonoid, and proanthocyanidin contents and oxygen radical absorbance capacity of A. scaber ethanolic extract (ASE), and analyzed the major phenolic compounds of ASE. Antioxidant activity was measured at the chemical level through 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH), reducing power assay, 2,2'-azino-bis(3-ethylbenzthiazoline-6-sulfonic acid) (ABTS), and fluorescence recovery after photobleaching (FRAP) assay. In addition, it was measured in vitro through inhibition of Reactive oxygen species (ROS) production in 3T3-L1 adipocyte, and inhibition of lipid accumulation was also evaluated. ASE reduced the expression of enzymes involved in the production of ROS and increased the expression of antioxidant enzymes that reduce increased ROS levels. They also reduced the expression of adipogenesis transcription factors that regulate adipocyte differentiation in relation to ROS production, inhibited the expression of lipogenesis-related genes related to fat accumulation through AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) activity, and increased expression of lipolysis-related genes. Thus, ASE containing CGA (chlorogenic acid) inhibits ROS production in 3T3-L1 adipocytes, owing to its strong antioxidant activity, and inhibits lipid accumulation caused by oxidative stress. The extract can be used as a potential functional food material for reducing oxidative stress and obesity.

7.
Foods ; 9(7)2020 Jul 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32630826

RESUMO

The objective of the present study was to develop a concoction of natural products that could dramatically improve immune function with minimal possible side effects. Sasa quelpaertensis Nakai and Ficus erecta var. sieboldii are plants that are native to Jeju Island, Korea and are known to be rich in physiologically active substances. We prepared a mixture of different proportions and extraction conditions using two natural plants and determined their optimum mixing ratio and extraction method by assessing immune function-related biomarkers in RAW264.7 macrophages. Optimal extract (HR02/04(8:2)-W) was selected from in vitro experiments and its immunity-enhancing efficacy was evaluated in mice. After oral administration of extract to BALB/c mice for 2 weeks, nitric oxide production in the peritoneal exudate cells, natural killer cell cytotoxicity, cytokine expression in splenocytes, and total cell number of immune tissues and phenotype analysis were evaluated. Our results demonstrated that HR02/04(8:2)-W significantly enhanced the immune system by increasing natural killer cell activity, cytokine expression, and total number of cells in immune tissues. In conclusion, our study validates the role of HR02/04(8:2)-W in enhancing immunity and its potential development as a functional food.

8.
Int J Mol Med ; 44(2): 559-568, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31198982

RESUMO

Processed products from agricultural produce generate a large number of agricultural by­products that contain a number of functional substances. These are often discarded owing to the lack of suitable processing methods. The present study investigated the anti­photoaging properties of fermented rice bran (FRB), soybean cake (FSB) and sesame seed cake (FSC) on ultraviolet B (UVB)­irradiated hairless mouse skin. Results indicated that the oral administration of FRB, FSB and FSC effectively inhibited the UVB irradiation­induced expression of matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)­2, MMP­9, MMP­3 and MMP­13. Reverse transcription­quantitative polymerase chain reaction results also demonstrated that FRB, FSB and FSC significantly inhibited the UVB­induced expression of the genes encoding tumor necrosis factor­α, inducible nitric oxide synthase, interleukin (IL)­6 and IL­1ß when compared with the UVB­vehicle group (P<0.05). Additionally, collagen degradation and mast cell infiltration were reduced in hairless mouse skin. Furthermore, UVB­induced wrinkle formation was also significantly reduced in mouse skin compared with the UVB­vehicle group (P<0.05). These results reveal that fermented agricultural by­products may serve as potential functional materials with anti­photoaging activities.


Assuntos
Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Envelhecimento da Pele/efeitos dos fármacos , Envelhecimento da Pele/efeitos da radiação , Protetores Solares/farmacologia , Raios Ultravioleta/efeitos adversos , Animais , Produtos Agrícolas/química , Feminino , Fermentação , Camundongos Pelados , Oryza/química , Extratos Vegetais/química , Sesamum/química , Pele/efeitos dos fármacos , Pele/efeitos da radiação , Pele/ultraestrutura , Soja/química , Protetores Solares/química
9.
Foods ; 8(5)2019 May 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31109115

RESUMO

The antioxidant and anti-adipogenic activities of a mixture of Nelumbo nucifera L., Morus alba L., and Raphanus sativus were investigated and their anti-obesity activities were established in vitro and in vivo. Among the 26 different mixtures of extraction solvent and mixture ratios, ethanol extract mixture no. 1 (EM01) showed the highest antioxidant (α,α-Diphenyl-ß-picrylhydrazyl, total phenolic contents) and anti-adipogenic (Oil-Red O staining) activities. EM01 inhibited lipid accumulation in 3T3-L1 adipocytes compared to quercetin-3-O-glucuronide. Furthermore, body, liver, and adipose tissue weights decreased in the high-fat diet (HFD)-EM01 group compared to in the high-fat diet control group (HFD-CTL). EM01 lowered blood glucose levels elevated by the HFD. Lipid profiles were improved following EM01 treatment. Serum adiponectin significantly increased, while leptin, insulin growth factor-1, non-esterified fatty acid, and glucose significantly decreased in the HFD-EM01 group. Adipogenesis and lipogenesis-related genes were suppressed, while fat oxidation-related genes increased following EM01 administration. Thus, EM01 may be a natural anti-obesity agent.

10.
J Med Food ; 22(8): 841-850, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31094612

RESUMO

Skin aging is associated with increased reactive oxygen species (ROS) produced by human cells. These radicals are the main causes of skin aging, and skin cells have developed antioxidant enzymes for protection against ROS-induced damage. Antioxidants play critical roles to prevent ROS-induced aging symptoms. In this study, the antioxidant properties of Pourthiaea villosa (Thunb.) Decne. extract (PVDE) were studied. Human dermal fibroblast (HDF) cells were treated with PVDE to evaluate its antioxidant and antiaging activities and to investigate the underlying mechanisms. The identified compounds were polyols, and phenolic and flavonoid compounds from PVDE by UHPLC-LTQ-IT-MS/MS. PVDE exhibited significant antioxidant effects, as evaluated with reducing power, and ABTS and DPPH radical scavenging activity. Furthermore, PVDE treatment significantly increased antioxidant enzyme expressions and effectively blocked H2O2-induced matrix metalloproteinase activity through MAPK signaling pathways in HDFs. Therefore, these results showed that PVDE affords an advantage of being a functional natural material with antioxidant and antiaging effects for the skin.


Assuntos
Fibroblastos/efeitos dos fármacos , Peróxido de Hidrogênio/efeitos adversos , Photinia/química , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Envelhecimento da Pele/efeitos dos fármacos , Protetores Solares/farmacologia , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Fibroblastos/metabolismo , Humanos , Metaloproteinases da Matriz/genética , Metaloproteinases da Matriz/metabolismo , Extratos Vegetais/química , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Envelhecimento da Pele/efeitos da radiação , Protetores Solares/química , Raios Ultravioleta/efeitos adversos
11.
Antioxidants (Basel) ; 8(3)2019 Mar 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30917571

RESUMO

Antioxidants are used to prevent the oxidation of foods. When used for food additive purposes, the dosage should be regulated and the functionality evaluated to ensure stability. In this study, we performed a method validation for the quantitative analysis of rosemary extract residues and evaluated the antioxidant activity of rosemary extract in food matrices. The validated method was able to determine rosemary extract under the optimized high-performance liquid chromatography-photodiode array (HPLC-PDA) conditions. Furthermore, the antioxidant activity was evaluated by peroxide value, acid value, and in terms of the residual antioxidant levels in lard oil. For HPLC-PDA analysis, the limit of detection and quantification of rosemary extracts was ranged from 0.22 to 1.73 µg/mL, 0.66 to 5.23 µg/mL and the recoveries of the rosemary extracts ranged from 70.6 to 114.0%, with relative standard deviations of between 0.2% and 3.8%. In terms of antioxidant activity, carnosic acid performed better than carnosol. Furthermore, by evaluation of the residual antioxidant level using HPLC, we found that carnosic acid is more stable in lard oil than carnosol. These results indicate that rosemary extract can be used as an antioxidant and that the analytical method is suitable for the determination of rosemary extract in various food samples.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...