Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 3 de 3
Mais filtros

Base de dados
Intervalo de ano de publicação
Phys Rev Lett ; 125(4): 041601, 2020 Jul 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32794829


Large N matrix quantum mechanics is central to holographic duality but not solvable in the most interesting cases. We show that the spectrum and simple expectation values in these theories can be obtained numerically via a "bootstrap" methodology. In this approach, operator expectation values are related by symmetries-such as time translation and SU(N) gauge invariance-and then bounded with certain positivity constraints. We first demonstrate how this method efficiently solves the conventional quantum anharmonic oscillator. We then reproduce the known solution of large N single matrix quantum mechanics. Finally, we present new results on the ground state of large N two matrix quantum mechanics.

Phys Rev Lett ; 121(17): 170601, 2018 Oct 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30411968


We prove an upper bound on the diffusivity of a dissipative, local, and translation invariant quantum Markovian spin system: D≤D_{0}+(αv_{LR}τ+ßξ)v_{C}. Here v_{LR} is the Lieb-Robinson velocity, v_{C} is a velocity defined by the current operator, τ is the decoherence time, ξ is the range of interactions, D_{0} is a decoherence-induced microscopic diffusivity, and α and ß are precisely defined dimensionless coefficients. The bound constrains quantum transport by quantities that can either be obtained from the microscopic interactions (D_{0}, v_{LR}, v_{C}, ξ) or else determined from independent local nontransport measurements (τ, α, ß). We illustrate the general result with the case of a spin-half XXZ chain with on-site dephasing. Our result generalizes the Lieb-Robinson bound to constrain the sub-ballistic diffusion of conserved densities in a dissipative setting.

Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26172660


We construct a complete set of Wannier functions that are localized at both given positions and momenta. This allows us to introduce the quantum phase space, onto which a quantum pure state can be mapped unitarily. Using its probability distribution in quantum phase space, we define an entropy for a quantum pure state. We prove an inequality regarding the long-time behavior of our entropy's fluctuation. For a typical initial state, this inequality indicates that our entropy can relax dynamically to a maximized value and stay there most of time with small fluctuations. This result echoes the quantum H theorem proved by von Neumann [Zeitschrift für Physik 57, 30 (1929)]. Our entropy is different from the standard von Neumann entropy, which is always zero for quantum pure states. According to our definition, a system always has bigger entropy than its subsystem even when the system is described by a pure state. As the construction of the Wannier basis can be implemented numerically, the dynamical evolution of our entropy is illustrated with an example.