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1.
BMC Genomics ; 21(1): 268, 2020 Mar 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32228435

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Polydactyly is one of the most common congenital limb dysplasia in many animal species. Although preaxial polydactyly (PPD) has been comprehensively studied in humans as a common abnormality, the genetic variations in other animal species have not been fully understood. Herein, we focused on the pig, as an even-toed ungulate mammal model with its unique advantages in medical and genetic researches, two PPD families consisting of four affected and 20 normal individuals were sequenced. RESULTS: Our results showed that the PPD in the sampled pigs were not related to previously reported variants. A strong association was identified at ABCC4 and it encodes a transmembrane protein involved in ciliogenesis. We found that the affected and normal individuals were highly differentiated at ABCC4, and all the PPD individuals shared long haplotype stretches as compared with the unaffected individuals. A highly differentiated missense mutation (I85T) in ABCC4 was observed at a residue from a transmembrane domain highly conserved among a variety of organisms. CONCLUSIONS: This study reports ABCC4 as a new candidate gene and identifies a missense mutation for PPD in pigs. Our results illustrate a putative role of ciliogenesis process in PPD, coinciding with an earlier observation of ciliogenesis abnormality resulting in pseudo-thumb development in pandas. These results expand our knowledge on the genetic variations underlying PPD in animals.

2.
Bioorg Chem ; 98: 103735, 2020 Mar 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32171986

RESUMO

Paeonol has been proved to have potential anti-inflammatory activity, but its clinical application is not extensive due to the poor anti-inflammatory activity (14.74% inhibitory activity at 20 µM). In order to discover novel lead compound with high anti-inflammatory activity, series of paeonol derivatives were designed and synthesized, their anti-inflammatory activities were screened in vitro and in vivo. Structure-activity relationships (SARs) have been fully concluded, and finally (E)-N-(4-(2-acetyl-5-methoxyphenoxy)phenyl)-3-(3,4,5-trimet-hoxyphenyl)acrylamide (compound 11a) was found to be the best active compound with low toxicity, which showed 96.32% inhibitory activity at 20 µM and IC50 value of 6.96 µM against LPS-induced over expression of nitric oxide (NO) in RAW 264.7 macrophages. Preliminary mechanism studies indicated that it could inhibit the expression of TLR4, resulting in inhibiting of NF-κB and MAPK pathways. Further studies have shown that compound 11a has obvious therapeutic effect against the adjuvant-induced rat arthritis model.

3.
Brain Res Bull ; 158: 59-65, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32114001

RESUMO

Hydrogen sulfide (H2S) is a neuromodulator that protect the cerebral ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury. The present study aimed to investigate the possible mechanisms of GYY4137 (a slow-releasing donor of H2S) against cerebral I/R injury. GYY4137 significantly increased the level of H2S in rat brain cortex. Compared with the I/R group, the cerebral infarction volume in GYY4137 group (GYY) and SB203580 group (SB) were significantly decreased. Compared with SB group, the cerebral infarction volume in GYY group was significantly decreased. The brain edema in GYY group and SB group were significantly decreased than that in I/R group. Compared with I/R group, the Garcia score in GYY and SB group were significantly increased. Western blot analysis showed that the phosphorylation of p38 MAPK, ERK1/2 and JNK protein in GYY group was significantly increased compared with I/R group. Compared with I/R group, the expression of Bax protein in GYY and SB group were significantly decreased, while the expression of Bcl-2 protein was significantly increased. The activity of caspase-3 in GYY group and SB group were significantly decreased than that of I/R group. Our findings suggested that H2S slow-releasing agent GYY4137 improved the neurological function and reduced the infarct area after cerebral I/R injury. The protective effects were achieved by inhibiting apoptosis via regulating p38 MAPK、ERK1/2 and JNK signaling pathways.

4.
Endocr Connect ; 2020 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32163917

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Systemic inflammation markers have been demonstrated to be associated with prognosis in various tumors. In this study, we aimed to assess the value of neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR), platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio, lymphocyte-to-monocyte ratio (LMR), systemic immune-inflammation index and the counts of lymphocyte, monocyte and neutrophil in predicting prognosis among patients with resected pancreatic neuroendocrine neoplasms (pNENs). METHODS: A total of 174 patients were included into study. Univariate and multivariate analyses were performed to evaluate the predictive roles of inflammation markers for relapse-free survival (RFS) and overall survival (OS) in pNEN patients. RESULTS: The optimal cut-off values of NLR, LMR and lymphocyte count were 1.9, 5.0 and 1.4 ×109/L determined by the X-tile software. RFS was found to be significantly longer in patients with NLR ≤ 1.9 (P = 0.041), LMR > 5.0 (P < 0.001) and lymphocyte count > 1.4 ×109/L (P = 0.002) in comparison to those with NLR > 1.9, LMR ≤ 5.0 and lymphocyte count ≤ 1.4 ×109/L, respectively. Multivariate analysis revealed LMR (hazard ratio 0.30, 95% confidence interval 0.11-0.85, P = 0.023) was an independent predictor for RFS, but not NLR or lymphocyte count. For long-term survival analysis, patients with NLR ≤ 1.9 (P = 0.016) were found to be associated with favorable OS, but NLR was not an independent factor validated by multivariate analysis. CONCLUSIONS: Preoperative LMR is an independent systemic inflammation marker to predict relapses in pNEN patients who underwent curative resections, whose clinical value needs to be verified in further large sample-based prospective studies.

5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32144534

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Aberrant DNA methylation could regulate the expression of tumor suppressor gene DLEC1 and oncogene PBX3 and was related to the occurrence and prognosis of gastric cancer (GC). In this study, the associations between DLEC1 and PBX3 promoter methylation in peripheral blood leukocytes (PBLs) and the risk and prognosis of GC were investigated. METHODS: The methylation status of DLEC1 and PBX3 promoter in PBLs of 368 GC cases and 382 controls was detected by the methylation-sensitive high-resolution melting (MS-HRM) method. Logistic and Cox regression were adopted to analyze the associations of DLEC1 and PBX3 methylation with GC risk and prognosis, respectively. Confounding biases were controlled by propensity score (PS). RESULTS: Compared with negative methylation (Nm), DLEC1-positive methylation (Pm) was associated with increased GC risk in PS (OR 2.083, 95% CI 1.220-3.558, P = 0.007), but PBX3 Pm was not associated with GC risk. In the elderly group (≥ 60 years), DLEC1 Pm was associated with increased GC risk (OR 2.951, 95% CI 1.426-6.104, P = 0.004). The combined effects between DLEC1 methylation and consumption of dairy products, fried food intake and Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) infection on GC risk were discovered (ORc 3.461, 95% CI 1.847-6.486, P < 0.001, ORc 3.246, 95% CI 1.708-6.170, P < 0.001 and ORc 2.964, 95% CI 1.690-5.197, P < 0.001, respectively). Furthermore, DLEC1 and PBX3 methylation were not associated with GC prognosis. CONCLUSION: DLEC1 methylation in PBLs and the combined effects of gene-environment can influence GC risk.

6.
J Neurochem ; : e15001, 2020 Mar 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32145065

RESUMO

Small extracellular vesicles (EVs), including exosomes, play multiple physiological roles. In neurodegenerative diseases, EVs can be pivotal in dispersing neuropathogenic proteins. This study investigates the role of neural stem cell (NSC)-derived EVs in a transgenic (Tg) mouse model of Alzheimer's disease (AD). Five weeks following treatment on 9-month-old APP/PS1 mice, the effects of NSC-derived EVs on cognitive behavior, mitochondrial function, sirtuin1 (SIRT1), synaptic function and morphology, quantification of amyloid-ß (Aß) level, and inflammatory response were investigated. The results showed that mice in the Tg-NSCs-ev group exhibited significant improvement in cognitive performance compared with Tg-Veh group. Furthermore, the expression of mitochondrial function-related factors (peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-γ coactivator-1α [PGC1α], nuclear respiratory factor 1 and 2 [NRF1 and 2], and fission 1 [Fis1]), SIRT1 as well as synaptic proteins (growth-associated protein 43 [GAP43], synaptophysin [SYP], post-synaptic density 95 [PSD95] and microtubule-associated protein 2 [MAP2]) were significantly higher in the Tg-NSCs-ev group, when compared with the Tg-Veh group. In addition, oxidative damage markers (anti-4-Hydroxynonenal [4-HNE] and anti-3 nitrotyrosine [3-NT]), inflammatory cytokines and the microglial marker (Iba1) were significantly lower in the Tg-NSCs-ev group, compared to the Tg-Veh group. Moreover, synaptic morphology was distinctly improved in the Tg-NSCs-ev group, whereas the Aß level was not altered. Our study provides novel evidences that NSC-derived EVs enhanced mitochondrial function, SIRT1 activation, synaptic activity, decreased inflammatory response, and rescued cognitive deficits in AD like mice.

7.
J Sep Sci ; 2020 Mar 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32160391

RESUMO

Inspired by the distinct chemical and physical properties of nanoparticles, here a novel open-tubular capillary electrochromatography column was prepared by electrostatic assembly of poly (diallydimethylammonium chloride) onto the inner surface of a fused-silica capillary, followed by self-adsorption of negatively charged SH-ß-cyclodextrin/gold nanoparticles. The formation of the SH-ß-cyclodextrin/gold nanoparticles coated capillary was confirmed and characterized by scanning electron microscopy and energy dispersive spectrometry. The results of scanning electron microscopy and energy dispersive spectrometry studies indicated that SH-ß-cyclodextrin/gold nanoparticles was successfully coated on the inner wall of the capillary column. The performance of the SH-ß-cyclodextrin/gold nanoparticles coated capillary was validated by the analysis of six pairs of chiral drugs, namely zopiclone, carvedilol, salbutamol, terbutaline sulfate, phenoxybenzamine hydrochloride and ibuprofen. Satisfactory enantioseparation results were achieved, confirming the use of gold nanoparticles as the support could enhance the phase ratio of the open-tubular capillary column. Additionally, the stability and reproducibility of the SH-ß-cyclodextrin/gold nanoparticles coated capillary column were also investigated. Then, this proposed method was well validated with good linearity (≥ 0.999), recovery (90.0-93.5%) and repeatability, and was successfully used for enantioseparation of Ibuprofen in spiked plasma samples, which indicated the new column's potential usage in biological analysis. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

8.
J Am Heart Assoc ; 9(6): e014122, 2020 Mar 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32174212

RESUMO

Background Elevated long-term systolic blood pressure and resting heart rate (RHR) variability are suggested to amplify the risk of all-cause mortality (ACM). However, the link between increased RHR and pulse pressure for ACM remained unclear. Methods and Results This study analyzed 46 751 individuals from Kailuan Cohort Study for the end outcome of ACM. A Cox regression model was used to estimate hazard ratios for death events. Kaplan-Meier analysis was performed to study the differences in survival as stratified by the SD, coefficient of variation, and average real variability of RHR and pulse pressure quartiles. A total of 1667 deaths (<65 years of age=866/40351, ≥65 years of age=801/6400) were recorded over 4.97±0.69 years follow-up. Participants under the age of 65 years in the third and fourth quartiles of pulse pressure SD had an independent increase in risk for ACM (hazard ratio [95% CI], 1.16 [1.06-1.28]; and 1.19 [1.05-1.35], respectively). Additionally, participants >65 years of age had a higher risk for ACM across quartiles of RHR-SD. The hazard ratio (95% CI) for the subjects in quartiles 2, 3, and 4 were 1.81 (1.10-2.97), 2.31 (1.37-1.3.90), and 2.64 (1.63-4.29), respectively. Conclusions An elevated long-term RHR variability combined with an increased pulse pressure variability or vice versa amplifies the risk of ACM.

9.
Biosens Bioelectron ; 155: 112107, 2020 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32090872

RESUMO

Human papillomavirus (HPV) is one of the most common sexually transmitted infections worldwide, and persistent HPV infection can cause warts and even cancer. Nucleic acid analysis of HPV viral DNA can be very informative for the diagnosis and monitoring of HPV. Digital nucleic acid analysis, such as digital PCR and digital isothermal amplification, can provide sensitive detection and precise quantification of target nucleic acids, and its utility has been demonstrated in many biological research and medical diagnostic applications. A variety of methods have been developed for the generation of a large number of individual reaction partitions, a key requirement for digital nucleic acid analysis. However, an easily assembled and operated device for robust droplet formation without preprocessing devices, auxiliary instrumentation or control systems is still highly desired. In this paper, we present a self-partitioning SlipChip (sp-SlipChip) microfluidic device for the slip-induced generation of droplets to perform digital loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) for the detection and quantification of HPV DNA. In contrast to traditional SlipChip methods, which require the precise alignment of microfeatures, this sp-SlipChip utilized a design of "chain-of-pearls" continuous microfluidic channel that is independent of the overlapping of microfeatures on different plates to establish the fluidic path for reagent loading. Initiated by a simple slipping step, the aqueous solution can robustly self-partition into individual droplets by capillary pressure-driven flow. This advantage makes the sp-SlipChip very appealing for the point-of-care quantitative analysis of viral load. As a proof of concept, we performed digital LAMP on a sp-SlipChip to quantify human papillomaviruses (HPVs) 16 and 18 and tested this method with fifteen anonymous clinical samples.

10.
Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci ; 61(2): 14, 2020 Feb 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32049344

RESUMO

Purpose: Experimental access to specific cell subtypes is essential for deciphering the complexity of retinal networks. Here, we characterized the selective labeling, caused by ectopic transgene expression, of two atypical retinal neurons in the ChAT-Channelrhodopsin-2 (ChR2)-EYFP mouse. Methods: Retinal sections and flat-mounts were prepared for double-staining immunohistochemistry with antibodies against EYFP and various neuronal markers. Sagittal/coronal brain slices were made to visualize EYFP signals in central nuclei. Whole-cell recordings were conducted to test the functionality of ChR2. Results: Two populations of EYFP-positive retinal cells were observed. The inner nuclear layer (INL)-located one (type I cell) distributed regularly throughout the entire retina, whereas the ganglion cell layer (GCL)-residing one (type II cell) was restricted ventrally. None of them was cholinergic, as evidenced by the complete absence of ChAT immunoreactivity. Type I cells were immunolabeled by the amacrine marker syntaxin. However, the vast majority of them were neither positive to GABA/GAD65, nor to GlyT1/glycine, suggesting that they were non-GABAergic non-glycinergic amacrine cells (nGnG ACs), which was confirmed by double-labeling with the nGnG AC marker PPP1R17. Type II cells were immunopositive to melanopsin, but not to Brn3a or Brn3b. They possessed dendrites stratifying in the outermost inner plexiform layer (IPL) and axons projecting to the suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN) rather than the olivary pretectal nucleus (OPN), suggesting that they belonged to a Brn3b-negative subset of M1-type intrinsically photosensitive retinal ganglion cells (ipRGCs). Glutamatergic transmission-independent photocurrents were elicited in EYFP-positive cells, indicating the functional expression of ChR2. Conclusions: The ChAT-ChR2-EYFP retina exhibits ectopic, but functional, transgene expression in nGnG ACs and SCN-innervating M1 ipRGCs, thus providing an ideal tool to achieve efficient labeling and optogenetic manipulation of these cells.

11.
Cancer Med ; 2020 Feb 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32017472

RESUMO

This study aimed to retrospectively evaluate the circulating free DNA (cfDNA) level in patients with locally advanced breast cancer (LABC) having different neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NCT) responses and to investigate whether dynamic changes in cfDNA level could predict the effectiveness of NCT in patients with LABC. Data on 61 patients with LABC were included. NCT responses were evaluated using the response evaluation criteria. Blood samples were collected for cfDNA detection before treatment and after the first and eighth courses of chemotherapy. The Alu 111-bp and 260-bp fragment levels were evaluated by polymerase chain reaction, and the predictive value of the cfDNA level in the NCT response was determined. In vitro, the MCF-7 and MCF-7/ADR cell lines were applied to simulate the phenomenon of drug resistance and explain the underlying mechanism. The Alu 111-bp level increased after the first NCT course (P = .014) and then remained high after NCT in the high-R group (P = .047), but it remained steady in the low-R group during NCT. A similar tendency in the Alu 260-bp level was revealed in different groups. The ∆∆Ct value of Alu 260-bp had good diagnostic efficiency in assessing predictive ability. The area under the curve for the ∆∆Ct1 and ∆∆Ct2 of Alu 260-bp was 0.697 and 0.647, respectively. The cfDNA level was closely related to epirubicin-induced apoptosis and changes in the Ki-67 index in vitro. The elevation of cfDNA after one chemotherapy cycle was mediated by the apoptosis of tumor cells and related to the improved chemotherapy response.

12.
Bioorg Chem ; 96: 103597, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32028063

RESUMO

Some important pro-inflammatory cytokines such as interleukin-6, tumor necrosis factor-α and nitric oxide are thought to play key roles in the destruction of cartilage and bone tissue in joints affected by rheumatoid arthritis. In the present study, a series of new myricetin-pentadienone hybrids were designed and synthesized. Majority of them effectively inhibited the expressions liposaccharide-induced secretion of IL-6, TNF-α and NO in RAW264.7. The most prominent compound 5o could significantly decrease production of above inflammatory factors with IC50 values of 5.22 µM, 8.22 µM and 9.31 µM, respectively. Preliminary mechanism studies indicated that it could inhibit the expression of thioredoxin reductase, resulting in inhibiting of cell signaling pathway nuclear factor (N-κB) and mitogen-activated protein kinases. Significantly, compound 5o was found to effectively inhibit Freund's complete adjuvant induced rat adjuvant arthritis in vivo.

13.
Nanotechnology ; 31(21): 215201, 2020 Feb 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32018240

RESUMO

The development of photoelectric devices for high integration and miniaturization in the semiconductor industry can be pushed forward by the thriving research of two-dimensional layered metal dichalcogenides (2D-LMDs). SnS2 nanosheets have an evident photoresponse to both ultraviolet and partial visible light, but only with a fair photoelectric performance limited by their atomic-layer thickness. Here, we report a convenient and simple method to dramatically enhance the electrical and photoelectric performance of the SnS2 flake. By integrating SnS2 with Au plasmonic nanostructures, the photocurrent (I ph) increased by over 20 times. The corresponding responsivity (R), light gain (G), and detectivity (D*) have been improved by ∼2200%, 2200% and 600%, respectively. The responsivity and detectivity of the Au NPs-SnS2 field-effect transistor (FET) at 532 nm are 1125.9 A W-1 and 2.12 × 1011 Jones. Though atomically thin, the hybrid SnS2 photodetector, benefiting from local surface plasmonic resonance, achieves an excellent photoelectric performance that is not usually possible with a pristine SnS2-only device.

14.
Scand J Gastroenterol ; 55(2): 216-221, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32083943

RESUMO

Background: A high prevalence of autoimmune thyroid disease (AITD) has been observed in patients with autoimmune liver disease (AILD); however, data on the clinical relationship between AILD and AITD remain scant. We aimed to evaluate the relationship between AILD and AITD.Methods: We performed a retrospective study using medical records from 324 patients with AILD, 113 of whom had concurrent AITD.Results: Patients with autoimmune hepatitis (AIH) were more likely to develop AITD (45.8%), followed by autoimmune hepatitis-primary biliary cholangitis overlap syndrome (AIH-PBC OS) (39.5%) and PBC (22.6%). Patients with concurrent AILD and AITD showed higher levels of immunoglobulin G (IgG) (21.5 g/L vs 16.3 g/L, p < .0001) and gamma globulin (γ-globulin) (27.1% vs 21.9%, p < .0001). IgG was positively correlated with thyroid antibodies [thymoglobulin antibody (TGAb) and thyroperoxidase antibody (TPOAb)] (r = 0.396, 0.322; p < .0001, p = .002, respectively). TPOAb positivity was highest in PBC patients with concurrent AITD (83.9%). Patients with concurrent PBC and AITD were significantly older than those with PBC alone (p = .0004). Patients with concurrent AIH and AITD had a higher homogenous nuclear pattern of antinuclear antibody positivity compared to those with AIH alone (p = .019). Thyroid dysfunction in AILD patients with concurrent AITD was principally characterized by Hashimoto's thyroiditis (65.5%), and diffuse lesions were mainly found by thyroid ultrasound (53.1%).Conclusions: The high incidence of AILD concomitant with AITD, the higher levels of serum IgG and γ-globulin, and the strong correlation between thyroid antibodies and IgG suggest that close screening for AITD and accurate physical examinations should be performed for all patients with AILD.

15.
Anim Reprod Sci ; 214: 106285, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32087912

RESUMO

Lymph nodes have functions in the adaptive immune response, and interferon-tau (IFNT), a primary pregnancy recognition signal in domestic ruminants has effects on immune regulation. It, however, is unclear whether early pregnancy induces an increase in the abundance of interferon-stimulated gene (ISG) mRNA transcripts and proteins in lymph nodes of sheep. In this study, lymph nodes were obtained on day 16 of the estrous cycle from non-pregnant ewes and days 13, 16 and 25 of gestation from pregnant ewes, and the abundance of ISG mRNA transcripts, including signal transducer and activator of transcription 1 (STAT1), phosphorylated STAT1 (p-STAT1), 2',5'-oligoadenylate synthetase (OAS1), myxovirus resistance protein 1 (MX1) and C-X-C motif chemokine 10 (CXCL10), was analyzed using real-time quantitative PCR. Furthermore, Western blot and immunohistochemistry analysis was conducted to assess relative abundance of proteins encoded by these genes. The results indicated that there was a larger abundance of STAT1 mRNA transcript and protein, and p-STAT1 protein in the maternal lymph node at days 16 and 25 of gestation, and that abundances of OAS1, MX1 and CXCL10 mRNA transcripts and protein were greatest on day 16 of gestations. In addition, STAT1 protein was located in the subcapsular sinus, lymph sinuses, B cells and T cells. The larger relative abundances of STAT1, p-STAT1, OAS1, MX1 and CXCL10 mRNA transcripts and/or protein in the lymph nodes of ewes may be associated with maternal immunoregulation through blood circulation and lymph circulation during early pregnancy.

16.
J Org Chem ; 2020 Feb 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32039595

RESUMO

A facile access to the polycyclic-fused pyrano[2,3-b]pyridines has been established under room temperature via Rh(III)-catalyzed C-H bond activation and intramolecular cascade annulation. This strategy features high efficiency, unique versatility, and generality and it can occur under mild conditions in good to excellent yields. More importantly, this strategy can be extended to the late-stage functionalization of drugs possessing the CN group.

17.
BMC Musculoskelet Disord ; 21(1): 101, 2020 Feb 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32059665

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To evaluate the maximal sectional area (SA) of the rectus capitis posterior minor (RCPmi) muscle and its potential correlation with to be named ligament (TBNL) in the suboccipital area using 3D MR imaging. METHODS: A total of 365 subjects underwent sagittal 3D T2WI MR imaging of the RCPmi and TBNL. Among them, 45 subjects were excluded due to a particular clinical history or poor image quality. Finally, 320 subjects met the inclusion criteria, including 138 men and 182 women. The 624 RCPmi muscles were classified into positive and negative groups according to their attachment to the TBNL. Two experienced radiologists manually measured the maximum SA of the RCPmi muscle on the parasagittal image with a 30° deviation from the median sagittal plane. The correlations between the SA and the subject's age, height, BMI, gender, handedness, and age-related disc degeneration were tested by Spearman analysis. The SA differences between different groups were compared using independent samples t-test. RESULTS: A total of 123 RCPmi-TBNL attachments were identified in the positive group, while 501 RCPmi muscles were identified in the negative group. The SA of the 624 RCPmi muscles was 62.71 ± 28.72 mm2 and was poorly correlated with the subject's age, BMI, or handedness, with no correlation with age-related disc degeneration. A fair correlation was found between the SA and the body height in the whole group, and poor correlation in each male/female group. The SA of the RCPmi muscle in males was significantly bigger than that in women ([75.54 ± 29.17] vs. [52.74 ± 24.07] mm2). The SA of RCPmi muscle in the positive group was significantly smaller than that in the negative group ([55.95 ± 26.76] mm2 vs. [64.37 ± 28.97] mm2). CONCLUSIONS: Our results revealed a significantly smaller SA of the RCPmi in subjects with RCPmi-TBNL attachment. Besides, a larger SA of the RCPmi was correlated with the male gender. These findings suggest that the SA of the RCPmi ought to be interpreted with care for each patient since there could be considerable variations.

18.
BMC Infect Dis ; 20(1): 121, 2020 Feb 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32041540

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: We analyzed the results of a 3-year surveillance study on the epidemiological and clinical characteristics of healthcare associated-infections (HAIs) in elderly inpatients in a large tertiary hospital in China. METHODS: Real-time surveillance was performed from January 1, 2015 to December 31, 2017. All HAIs were identified by infection control practitioners and doctors. Inpatient data were collected with an automatic surveillance system. RESULTS: A total of 134,637 inpatients including 60,332 (44.8%) elderly ≥60 years were included. The overall incidence of HAI was 2.0%. The incidence of HAI in elderly patients was significantly higher than that in non-elderly patients (2.6% vs. 1.5%, χ2 = 202.421, P < 0.01) and increased with age. The top five sites of HAIs in the elderly were the lower respiratory tract, urinary tract, blood stream, antibiotic-associated diarrhea, and surgical site. The five most common pathogens detected in elderly HAI patients were Candida albicans, Klebsiella pneumonia, Acinetobacter baumannii, Escherichia coli, and Pseudomonas aeruginosa. The incidence of ventilator-associated pneumonia in the elderly was lower than in the non-elderly, catheter-associated urinary tract infections were more common in elderly patients, and the rate of central line-associated bloodstream infection was similar between groups. The numbers of male patients and patients with comorbidities and special medical procedures (e.g., intensive care unit admission, cerebrovascular disease, brain neoplasms, hypertension, hyperlipidemia, diabetes mellitus, coronary artery disease, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, malignant tumor, malignant hematonosis, and osteoarthropathy) were significantly higher in the elderly group, but the number of patients who underwent surgery was lower. CONCLUSION: We observed a significantly higher overall incidence of HAI in elderly inpatients ≥60 compared to non-elderly inpatients < 60 years, but the trend was different for device-associated HAIs, which was attributed to the higher rates of comorbidities and special medical procedures in the elderly group. The main HAI sites in elderly inpatients were the lower respiratory tract, urinary tract, and bloodstream, and the main pathogens were gram-negative bacilli and Candida albicans.

19.
Inorg Chem ; 2020 Feb 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32077694

RESUMO

The MnII(HCO3-)-H2O2 (MnII-BAP) system shows high reactivity toward oxidation of electron-rich organic substrates; however, the predominant oxidizing species and its formation pathways involved in the MnII-BAP system are still under debate. In this study, we used the MnII-BAP system to oxidize As(III) in that As(III), Mn2+, and HCO3- are common components in As(III)-contaminated groundwater. Kinetic results show that MnII(HCO3-)n [including MnII(HCO3)+ and MnII(HCO3)2] is a key factor in the MnII-BAP system to oxidize As(III). Quenching experiments rule out contributions of OH• and 1O2 to As(III) oxidation and reveal that O2•- and the oxidizing species generated from O2•- play predominant roles in the oxidation of As(III). We further reveal that the MnO2+(HCO3-)n intermediate generated in the reaction between MnII(HCO3-)n and O2•-, instead of O2•-, is the predominant oxidizing species. Although CO3•- also contributes to As(III) oxidation, the high reaction rate constant between CO3•- and O2•- indicates that CO3•- is not the predominant oxidizing species in the As(III)-MnII-BAP system. In addition, the presence of Mn(III) further indicates the important Mn(II)-Mn(III) cycling in the MnII-BAP system. We therefore suggest two important roles of MnII(HCO3-)n in the MnII-BAP system: (i) MnII(HCO3-)n reacts with H2O2 to form the MnIII(HCO3)3 intermediate, followed by a subsequent reaction between MnIII(HCO3)3 and H2O2 to produce O2•-; (ii) MnII(HCO3-)n can also stabilize O2•- with the formation of MnO2+(HCO3-)n. MnO2+(HCO3-)n is an electrophilic reagent and plays the predominant role in the oxidation of As(III) to As(V).

20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32086199

RESUMO

The classification to materials of oracle bone is one of the most basic aspects for oracle bone morphology. However, the classification method depending on experts' experience requires long-term learning and accumulation for professional knowledge. This paper presents a multi-regional convolutional neural network to classify the rubbings of oracle bones. Firstly, we detected the "shield pattern" and "tooth pattern" on the oracle bone rubbings, then complete the division of multiple areas on an image of oracle bone. Secondly, the convolutional neural network is used to extract the features of each region and we complete the fusion of multiple local features. Finally, the classification to tortoise shell and animal bone was realized. Utilizing the image of oracle bone provided by experts, we did experiment, the result show our method has better classification accuracy. It has made contributions to the progress of the study of oracle bone morphology.

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