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2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32393624

RESUMO

Late-spring frosts (LSFs) affect the performance of plants and animals across the world's temperate and boreal zones, but despite their ecological and economic impact on agriculture and forestry, the geographic distribution and evolutionary impact of these frost events are poorly understood. Here, we analyze LSFs between 1959 and 2017 and the resistance strategies of Northern Hemisphere woody species to infer trees' adaptations for minimizing frost damage to their leaves and to forecast forest vulnerability under the ongoing changes in frost frequencies. Trait values on leaf-out and leaf-freezing resistance come from up to 1,500 temperate and boreal woody species cultivated in common gardens. We find that areas in which LSFs are common, such as eastern North America, harbor tree species with cautious (late-leafing) leaf-out strategies. Areas in which LSFs used to be unlikely, such as broad-leaved forests and shrublands in Europe and Asia, instead harbor opportunistic tree species (quickly reacting to warming air temperatures). LSFs in the latter regions are currently increasing, and given species' innate resistance strategies, we estimate that ∼35% of the European and ∼26% of the Asian temperate forest area, but only ∼10% of the North American, will experience increasing late-frost damage in the future. Our findings reveal region-specific changes in the spring-frost risk that can inform decision-making in land management, forestry, agriculture, and insurance policy.

3.
Zhonghua Zhong Liu Za Zhi ; 42(4): 312-318, 2020 Apr 23.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32375447

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the effect and mechanism of miR-451 on the proliferation and migration of human colorectal cancer cell SW480 by targeting macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF). Methods: Microarray analysis was used to screen differentially expressed microRNAs and messenger RNA in SW480 cells. Real-time quantitative PCR (RT-qPCR) was used to detect the expressions of miR-451 and MIF in SW480 cells before and after transfection. Cell clone formation assay and Transwell assay were used to detect the proliferation and invasion of SW480 cells, respectively. Cell scratch assay was used to detect the migration ability of SW480 cells. The TargetScan database was used to analyze the correlation between miR-451 and MIF. Dual luciferase reporter gene was used to detect the interaction of miR-451 and MIF. MTT assay was used to detect the viability of SW480 cells. Results: Compared with human normal colorectal mucosal cell FHC (1.00), the expression of miR-451 was down-regulated in SW480 cells ( 0.36±0.18, P<0.001). Knockdown of miR-451 promoted proliferation, and migration of SW480 cells. Compared with that in FHC cells, MIF expression was up-regulated in SW480 cells (2.28±0.45, P<0.001). MIF down-regulation inhibited SW480 cell proliferation, invasion and migration. MiR-451 specifically bind to the MIF 3'UTR and regulated the expression of MIF. Overexpression of miR-451 reduced while overexpression of MIF increased the viability of SW480 cells. Overexpression of MIF promoted the proliferation and migration of SW480 cells (P<0.01), reversed the effect of miR-451 suppressed proliferation and migration of SW480 cells. Conclusion: MiR-451 may regulate proliferation and migration of human colorectal cancer cells by targeting MIF.

4.
Neoplasma ; 2020 May 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32412772

RESUMO

The objective of this study was to explore the clinical significance of perioperative CTCs (circulating tumor cells) counts and EMT-CTCs (epithelial-mesenchymal transition-CTCs) in rectal cancer patients. A total of 30 patients with rectal cancer who underwent radical resection of rectal cancer at the Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region People's hospital were enrolled. Five ml peripheral blood was withdrawn from 30 patients with rectal cancer before the operation and seven days after the operation and at the corresponding time also from 20 healthy volunteers. CanPatrol™ CTC detection technique was used to enrich and identify CTCs and IER3 expression simultaneously. We found out that the preoperative total CTCs were correlated with lymph node metastasis (P = 0.008) and tumor size, mixed CTCs were closely correlated with lymph node metastasis (P = 0.009). The number of IER3-positive total CTCs and mesenchymal CTCs were statistically associated with tumor size, P = 0.034 and 0.043, respectively. The number of CTCs varied significantly before and after the operation in all patients (P = 0.049). There were significant differences in CTCs variations between the open operation group and the laparoscopic operation group. In the laparoscopic operation group, the average number of single-cell CTCs was 6.9 before operation and 3.5 after the operation (P = 0.013). In the open operation group, the average number of single-cell CTCs was 5.9 before operation and 4.2 after the operation. To conclude, surgery is associated with a decrease of CTCs in rectal cancer patients, especially in patients receiving laparoscopic surgery. The number of CTCs before the operation in rectal cancer patients is related to the size of tumors and regional lymph node metastasis. CTC detection and characterization may be useful for clinical staging and lymph node dissection during operation.

5.
Eur J Neurol ; 2020 Apr 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32304148

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Recent studies from the Alzheimer's Disease Neuroimaging Initiative show that, in the USA, 75% of patients with Alzheimer's disease are female. To date, there have rarely been any attempts to analyze data by sex or gender, which limits the potential for discovering the effects of sex or gender on disease. Little evidence is available regarding the effect of gender and apolipoprotein E (APOE) ε4 on white matter (WM) connection from the functional perspective due to the lack of appropriate techniques for detecting blood-oxygen-level-dependent signals in WM. METHODS: We took advantage of a new framework known as functional tensor imaging to investigate the effect of sex and APOEε4 on WM cortical functional connectivity throughout the brain. RESULTS: In a group of female patients with amnestic mild cognitive impairment, we found a significantly reduced functional connectivity in the left posterior limb of the internal capsule, left superior fronto-occipital fasciculus, bilateral temporopolar area and right somatosensory association cortex in APOEε4 carriers in contrast to non-carriers. We also found a significant APOEε4 by sex interaction effect on the right somatosensory association cortex, left temporopolar area and left superior temporal gyrus. The clinical Montreal Cognitive Assessment score was significantly negatively associated with the right somatosensory association cortex with APOEε4 by sex interaction in males. CONCLUSIONS: These results indicate that increased APOE-related risk in women may be associated with decreased activity in both gray matter and WM in patients with amnestic mild cognitive impairment compared with men. The finding suggests accounting for sex differences in neuroimaging biomarkers, diagnostics and treatment strategy.

6.
J Dent Res ; : 22034520912190, 2020 Apr 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32298193

RESUMO

The outcome of regenerative procedures could be augmented by enhancing the biological performances of stem cells prior to their transplantation. The current study aimed to investigate whether hypoxic preconditioning through stabilization of hypoxia-inducible factor 1α (HIF-1α) could enhance the angio-/vasculogenic properties of stem cells from human exfoliated deciduous teeth (SHED). HIF-1α expression in SHED under normoxia was stabilized by silencing the expression of prolyl hydroxylase domain-containing protein 2 (PHD2) via lentiviral small hairpin RNA. This in turn significantly increased the expression of an angiogenic factor: vascular endothelial growth factor. Conditioned medium of HIF-1α-stabilized SHED increased the migration and proliferation of human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs), indicating enhanced paracrine signaling of SHED following PHD2 knockdown (P < 0.05). Furthermore, the coculture of HIF-1α-stabilized SHED with HUVECs directly and in fibrin beads demonstrated significantly longer vascular sprouts through juxtacrine and paracrine effects (P < 0.05). When HIF-1α-stabilized SHED were added to a preformed HUVEC vascular tube network on Matrigel, it not only stabilized the vessels, as shown by the increased thickness (P < 0.05) and junctional area (P < 0.01) of tubes, but also gave rise to new sprouting (P < 0.01). This observation, with the morphologic changes and increased CD31 expression, suggested that HIF-1α stabilization enhanced the endothelial differentiation capacity of SHED through autocrine signaling. In vivo Matrigel plug assay demonstrated that HIF-1α-stabilized SHED alone could give rise to a vasculature that was significantly higher than that of control SHED ± HUVECs and similar to that of HIF-1α-stabilized SHED + HUVECs. In addition to vasculogenesis by endothelial differentiation, HIF-1α-stabilized SHED recruited host blood vessels into the implant by exerting a significant paracrine effect. Taken together, our results confirmed that HIF-1α-stabilized SHED could replace the function of HUVECs and act as the sole cell source of vascularization. Thus, targeting PHD2 to stabilize HIF-1α expression is an appealing strategy that enables the use of a single cell source for achieving vascularized tissue regeneration.

7.
J Glaucoma ; 2020 Apr 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32287149

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To describe vision threatening complications after micropulse diode transscleral cyclophotocoagulation (MP-TSCPC). METHODS: Retrospective case series. Medical charts of patients that underwent MP-TSCPC and developed visually significant inflammation and hyphema after the procedure are reviewed. Patients were seen at the Upstate Medical University Ophthalmology clinic between 2017 and 2019. RESULTS: Out of 64 patients that underwent MP-TSCPC in the defined time period, two patients with post-procedure severe inflammation and hyphema were identified. One patient had severe stage primary open angle glaucoma (POAG). Following MP-TSCPC, patient was noted to have a large visually significant anterior chamber reaction and hyphema that occupied 80% of anterior chamber on post-procedure day one. Patient was treated with topical and oral corticosteroids, and topical atropine. Second patient had uncontrolled severe stage POAG. Patient underwent MP-TSCPC. After the procedure, patient was noted to have significant inflammation with fibrin and hyphema that filled 80% of the anterior chamber. Patient was treated with topical steroids. CONCLUSION: As with any intervention, complications are inevitable. Recognition of complications and its possible associations allows for better and more individualized risk versus benefit analysis of an intervention. In our case series, exuberant anterior segment inflammation and hyphema occurred in two patients that underwent MP-TSCPC. Our goal is to raise awareness of severe anterior chamber inflammation and hyphema as complications occurring after a laser treatment with a reputation of minimal or no side effect profile and to better understand this relatively new laser advancement in the treatment of glaucoma.

8.
Beijing Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 52(2): 362-367, 2020 Apr 18.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32306023

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To compare the changes of extracellular space (ECS) structure and local drug distribution in adult brain and aged brain at different drug delivery rates in minimally invasive treatment of encephalopathy by convection enhanced delivery (CED) via ECS pathway. METHODS: Thirty-six SD male rats were divided into adult rats group (2-8 months, n=18) and aged rats group (18-24 months, n=18) according to the age of the month. According to the drug rates (0.1 µL/min, 0.2 µL/min, and 0.3 µL/min), they were randomly divided into 3 subgroups, 6 in each subgroup. Gadolinium-diethylene triamine pentaacetic acid (Gd-DTPA) with a concentration of 10 mmol/L were introduced into the caudate nucleus of each group of rats by stereotactic injection. Tracer-based magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) was used to dynamically monitor the diffusion and distribution images of the Gd-DTPA in the brain interstitial system (ISS). Using the self-developed MRI image measurement and analysis system software to process and analyze the obtained images, the diffusion coefficient, clearance rate, volume fraction, and half-life of each group of rats in the caudate nucleus ECS could be acquired. The effects and differences of drug clearance and ECS structural function in the brain of aged rats and adult rats were compared and analyzed at different drug delivery rates. Magnetic tracer DECS-mapping technique was used to observe the distribution and drainage of tracer in caudate nucleus. RESULTS: At the injection rate of 0.1 µL/min, the volume fraction in the aged rats was increased compared with that in the adult rats (18.20%±0.04% vs. 17.20%±0.03%, t=3.752, P=0.004), and the degree of tortuosity was decreased (1.63±0.04 vs. 1.78±0.09, t=-3.680, P=0.004), the drug clearance rate was decreased [(1.94±0.68) mm2/s vs. (3.25±0.43) mm2/s, t=-3.971, P=0.003], and the molecular diffusion in ECS was increased [(3.99±0.21)×10-4 mm2/s vs. (3.36±0.37)×10-4 mm2/s, t=3.663, P=0.004]. When the rate of injection increased to 0.2 µL/min, the drug clearance in ECS of the aged rats was slowed down [(2.53±0.45) mmol/L vs. (3.37±0.72) mmol/L, t=-1.828, P=0.021]. However, there were no significant differences in volume fraction, molecular diffusion in ECS and macroscopic drug metabolism parameters. When the rate of injection increased to 0.3 µL/min, the volume fraction in the aged rats was decreased (17.20%±0.03% vs. 18.20%±0.05%, t=-0.869, P=0.045), and the drug clearance rate in ECS was significantly accelerated [(4.04±0.76) mmol/L vs. (3.26±0.55) mmol/L, t=1.786, P=0.014], and there was no significant difference in tortuosity and the rate of molecular diffusion in the ECS. CONCLUSION: The drug clearance and ECS structural parameters of brain ECS in aged brain with CED administration were changed at different rates, and it has the least effect on ECS in the aged brain at the injection rate of 0.2 µL/min. For the application of CED for the treatment of encephalopathy, we should consider the influence of factors such as age and injection rate, and provide reference for the development of individualized clinical treatment plan for minimally invasive treatment of encephalopathy via ECS pathway.

9.
Clin Radiol ; 2020 Apr 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32307109

RESUMO

AIM: To identify preoperative features on computed tomography (CT) associated with ALK rearrangement in lung adenocarcinomas presenting as a nodule. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This retrospective analysis included 56 patients with ALK rearrangement and 57 that were ALK-negative. All patients had surgically resected lung adenocarcinomas <3 cm. Univariate and multivariate analyses were conducted to analyse clinicopathological and CT features associated with ALK rearrangement. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analyses were performed to quantify the performance status of the model. RESULTS: ALK rearrangement was associated with lymph node metastases (p=0.004), later pathological stage (p=0.005), lower lobe (p=0.019), lobulation (p=0.006), thickened adjacent bronchovascular bundles (p=0.006), homogeneous tumour (p=0.008), absence of ground-glass opacity (GGO; p<0.001), absence of air bronchogram (p=0.010), smaller relative enhancement (p=0.019), and larger short axis of the largest lymph node (p=0.012). Cavity larger than 1 cm was found in 3 ALK-positive tumours while not in ALK-negative tumours. Multivariate analysis revealed a single predictive model with an AUC of 0.794 that lobulation (OR=4.50, p=0.026), GGO (OR=0.19, p=0.003), and short axis of the largest lymph node (OR=12.49, p=0.047) were independent predictors of ALK rearrangement status. CONCLUSIONS: This study identified a modestly predictive radiological model to identify ALK rearrangement in small lung adenocarcinomas.

10.
Zhonghua Zhong Liu Za Zhi ; 42(3): 228-233, 2020 Mar 23.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32252202

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the epidemiological characteristics and current status of surgical management for esophageal cancer in China. Methods: A national database was setup through a network platform. The clinical data of esophageal cancer treated by surgery was collected from 70 major hospitals in China between January 2009 and December 2014. Results: Complete data of 8 181 cases of esophageal cancer patients who underwent surgery were recorded in the database and recruited in the analysis. Among them, 6 052 cases were male and 2 129 were female, the average age was 60.5 years.The epidemiological investigation results showed that 148 cases (1.8%) had history of psychological trauma, 7 527 cases (92.0%) were lower social economic status, 5 072 cases (62.0%) were short of fresh vegetables and fruits, 6 544 cases (80.0%) ate rough food frequently, 3 722 cases (45.5%) drank untreated water directly from lake or river or shallow well, 3 436 cases (42.0%) had a unhealthy eating habit, including habits of eating food fast (507 cases, 6.2%), eating hot food or drinking hot tea/soup (998 cases, 12.2%), eating fried food (1 939 cases, 23.7%), 4 410 cases (53.9%) had the habits of smoking cigarettes and 2 822 cases (34.5%) drank white wine frequently.The pathological results showed that 7 813 cases (95.5%) were squamous cell carcinoma, 267 cases were adenocarcinoma (3.3%), 25 cases were adenosquamous cell carcinoma (0.3%) and 50 cases were small cell carcinoma (0.6%). A total of 1 800 cases (22.0%) received preoperative neoadjuvant therapy due to locally advanced disease or difficulty of resection. The esophagectomies were performed through left thoracotomy approach in 5 870 cases (71.8%), through right chest approach in 2 215 cases (27.1%), and the remain 96 cases (1.2%) received surgery though other approaches.A total of 8 001 cases (97.8%) underwent radical resection, the other 180 cases (2.2%) received palliative resection. The 30-day postoperative mortality rate was 0.5%, the overall ≥ grade Ⅱ postoperative complication rate was 11.6% (951 cases). The 1-yr, 3-yr, and 5-yr overall actual survival rates were 82.6%, 61.6%, and 52.9%, respectively. Conclusions: The data analysis of the national database for esophageal cancer shows that bad eating habits or eating rough food without enough nutrients, lower social and economic status, drinking white wine and smoking cigarettes frequently may be correlated with tumorigenesis of esophageal cancer. However, strong evidences produced by prospective observation studies are needed. Overall, the long-term survival of esophageal cancer patients has been improved gradually due to the application of advanced surgical techniques and reasonable multimodality treatment.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Esofágicas/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Esofágicas/cirurgia , Esofagectomia , Fumar/efeitos adversos , Adulto , Idoso , China/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Esofágicas/patologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Terapia Neoadjuvante , Sistema de Registros , Taxa de Sobrevida , Sobreviventes
11.
AJNR Am J Neuroradiol ; 41(5): 836-843, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32273265

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Identifying the mere presence of carotid intraplaque hemorrhage would be insufficient to accurately discriminate the presence of acute cerebral infarct. We aimed to investigate the association between signal intensity ratios of carotid intraplaque hemorrhage on T1-weighted MR imaging and acute cerebral infarct in patients with hemorrhagic carotid plaques using MR vessel wall imaging. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Symptomatic patients with carotid intraplaque hemorrhage were included. The signal intensity ratios of carotid intraplaque hemorrhage against muscle on T1-weighted, TOF, and MPRAGE images were measured. The acute cerebral infarct was determined on the hemisphere ipsilateral to the carotid intraplaque hemorrhage. The association between signal intensity ratios of carotid intraplaque hemorrhage and acute cerebral infarct was analyzed. RESULTS: Of 109 included patients (mean, 66.8 ± 9.9 years of age; 96 men), 40 (36.7%) had acute cerebral infarct. Patients with acute cerebral infarct had significantly higher signal intensity ratios of carotid intraplaque hemorrhage on T1-weighted images than those without (Median, 1.44; 25-75 Percentiles, 1.14-1.82 versus Median, 1.27; 25-75 Percentiles, 1.06-1.55, P = .022). Logistic regression analysis revealed that the signal intensity ratio of carotid intraplaque hemorrhage on T1-weighted images was significantly associated with acute cerebral infarct before (OR, 4.08; 95% CI, 1.34-12.40; P = .013) and after (OR, 3.34; 95% CI, 1.08-10.31; P = .036) adjustment for clinical confounding factors. However, this association was not significant when further adjusted for occlusion of the carotid artery (P = .058) and volumes of intraplaque hemorrhage and lipid-rich necrotic core (P = .458). CONCLUSIONS: The signal intensity ratio of carotid intraplaque hemorrhage on T1-weighted images is associated with acute cerebral infarct in symptomatic patients with carotid hemorrhagic plaques. This association is independent of traditional risk factors but not of the size of plaque composition. The possibility of applying T1 signals of carotid intraplaque hemorrhage to predict subsequent cerebrovascular ischemic events needs to be prospectively verified.

12.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 24(5): 2491-2504, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32196600

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) is a malignancy and is prone to distant metastasis and radioresistance. Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) play vital roles in human cancers. The purpose of this study was to explore the role and the action mechanism of intergenic lncRNA (LINC00114) in NPC. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The expression of LINC00114 and microRNA-203 (miR-203) was measured by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR). NPC cells were exposed to X-ray as radiation treatment. Cell proliferation, migration, cell survival fraction and apoptosis were assessed by 3-(4, 5-dimethyl-2-thiazolyl)-2,5-diphenyl-2-H-tetrazolium bromide (MTT), transwell, colony formation, and flow cytometry assays, respectively. The expression of Cleaved-cas-3, Cleaved-cas-9, phosphor-ERK (p-ERK) and phosphor-JNK (p-JNK) was quantified by Western blot. The interaction between miR-203 and LINC00114 was predicted by bioinformatics tool microRNA.org and verified by dual-luciferase reporter assay. Tumor formation assay in nude mice was conducted to examine the role of LINC00114 in vivo. RESULTS: LINC00114 was upregulated in serums from NPC patients, tissues and cell lines of NPC. LINC00114 knockdown inhibited proliferation, migration, and radioresistance of NPC cells. MiR-203 was a target of LINC00114, and miR-203 inhibition eliminated the effects of LINC00114 knockdown. Besides, the extracellular signal-regulated kinases (ERK)/c-Jun N-terminal kinases (JNK) pathway was inactivated by LINC00114 knockdown but recovered by miR-203 inhibition. Moreover, LINC00114 knockdown suppressed tumor growth and radioresistance in vivo. CONCLUSIONS: LINC00114 contributed to NPC development and radioresistance through the regulation of ERK/JNK signaling pathway and the mediation of miR-203, suggesting that LINC00114 was a promising biomarker to defense NPC progression and radioresistance.

13.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 24(5): 2616-2624, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32196611

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The regulatory mechanism of lncRNA MIR4435-2HG has been extensively investigated in human cancers other than melanoma. This study aims to elucidate the role of lncRNA MIR4435-2HG in melanoma. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The mRNA expression was detected by RT-qPCR. MTT assay, Transwell assay and Dual-Luciferase reporter assay were used to investigate the regulatory mechanism of lncRNA MIR4435-2HG. RESULTS: Upregulation of lncRNA MIR4435-2HG was identified in melanoma and promoted melanoma cell proliferation, migration and invasion. In addition, lncRNA MIR4435-2HG serves as the ceRNA of miR-802. MiR-802 inhibited melanoma progression by downregulating lncRNA MIR4435-2HG. Besides, miR-802 directly targets FLOT2. And knockdown of FLOT2 restrained the progression of melanoma by downregulating lncRNA MIR4435-2HG and upregulating miR-802. CONCLUSIONS: LncRNA MIR4435-2HG promotes cell proliferation, migration and invasion in melanoma by sponging miR-802 and upregulating FLOT2.

14.
Zhonghua Nei Ke Za Zhi ; 59(3): 200-206, 2020 Mar 01.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32146746

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the characteristics and prognostic value of peripheral blood T lymphocyte subsets in patients with severe influenza. Methods: This was a single-center cross-sectional study in influenza patients admitted to Peking Union Medical College Hospital from August 2017 to April 2018. Peripheral blood lymphocyte subsets were detected by flow cytometry in both patients and 108 healthy controls. Influenza patients were divided into mild group and severe group. Severe patients were further classified into alive and fatal subgroups. Results: A total of 42 influenza patients were recruited in this study, including 24 severe cases (6 deaths). The remaining 18 cases were mild. The peripheral blood lymphocyte counts and lymphocyte subset counts (B, NK, CD4(+)T, CD8(+)T) in either mild patients[795 (571,1 007), 43 (23,144), 70 (47,135), 330 (256,457), 226 (148,366) cells/µl respectively] or severe patients[661 (474,1 151),92 (52,139), 54 (34,134), 373 (235,555), 180 (105,310) cells/µl respectively] were both significantly lower than those of healthy controls [1 963 (1 603,2 394),179 (119,239), 356 (231,496), 663 (531,824), 481 (341,693) cells/µl respectively]. Meanwhile, the T cells and CD8(+)T counts in fatal patients [370 (260,537) cells/µl and 87 (74,105) cells/µl] were significantly lower than those in severe and alive patients [722 (390,990) cells/µl and 222 (154,404) cells/µl]. CD8(+)HLA-DR/CD8(+)and CD8(+)CD38(+)/CD8(+)T cell activating subgroups in mild cases[(53.7±19.2)% and 74.8% (64.1%,83.7%) respectively] were significantly higher than those in severe cases[(38.5±21.7)% and 53.3% (45.3%,67.2%) respectively].Moreover,CD8(+)HLA-DR/CD8(+)count in severe and alive group was higher than that in fatal group [(46.1±19.1)% vs. (18.2±14.6)%, P<0.01]. Logistic regression analysis showed that CD8(+)T cell count (OR=0.952, 95%CI 0.910-0.997, P=0.035) and CD8(+)HLA-DR/CD8(+)T (OR=0.916, 95%CI 0.850-0.987, P=0.022) were both negatively correlated with mortality.Peripheral blood lymphocyte counts in mild cases rapidly decreased within 1 day after diagnosis, and returned to the basic level one week later. Conclusions: All peripheral blood lymphocyte subsets (T,B,NK) in patients with influenza are significantly reduced. These findings are consistent with the immunological characteristics of respiratory viral infections, in which peripheral lymphocytes (especially T cells) migrate to respiratory tract in the early stage and circulate to the peripheral blood after recovery. The activated CD8(+)T cell counts in peripheral blood are negatively correlated with the severity of disease, which could be considered as a prognostic indicator of severe influenza.


Assuntos
Influenza Humana/diagnóstico , Influenza Humana/imunologia , Subpopulações de Linfócitos T/citologia , Linfócitos T CD8-Positivos/citologia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Estudos Transversais , Citometria de Fluxo , Humanos , Contagem de Linfócitos , Prognóstico , Índice de Gravidade de Doença
15.
Zhonghua Xin Xue Guan Bing Za Zhi ; 48(2): 111-117, 2020 Feb 24.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32135610

RESUMO

Objective: To evaluate the long-term prognosis of coronary artery disease (CAD) patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) by risk stratification with American College of Cardiology (ACC)/American Heart Association (AHA) classification of coronary lesions. Methods: Data used in this study derived from the I-LOVE-IT 2 trial. I-LOVE-IT 2 trial was a prospective, multicenter, randomized, assessor-blinded, noninferiority study. A total of 1 255 patients in I-LOVE-IT 2 trial with only one lesion and underwent biodegradable polymer drug-eluting stent implantation were included and grouped according to ACC/AHA classification of coronary lesions, namely type A/B1 lesion group (n=184), type B2 lesion group (n=457) and type C lesion group (n=614). The primary endpoint was 48-month patient-oriented composite endpoint (PoCE), a composite of all-cause mortality, all myocardial infarction, stroke, and/or any revascularization. The secondary endpoints were target lesion failure (TLF), components of PoCE, major bleeding (bleeding academic research consortium(BARC) type 3-5) and definite/probable stent thrombosis within 48 months. The incidences of endpoint events were compared in the three groups. The multivariable Cox hazard ratio model was used to analyze the independent predictors of PoCE and TLF at 48 months. Results: Incidences of PoCE at 48 months were significantly higher in patients with type C lesion compared with patients with type A/B1 (24.43%(150/614) vs. 14.13%(26/184), P<0.05) or B2 lesion (24.43%(150/614) vs. 15.97%(73/457), P<0.05). The multivariable Cox hazard ratio model showed that the type C lesion were the independent predictors of 48-month PoCE (HR=1.59, 95%CI 1.21-2.08, P<0.001) and TLF (HR=2.31, 95%CI 1.53-3.49, P<0.001). After multivariable adjustment, the HRs of PoCE for patients with type C lesion versus type A/B1 and type B2 were 1.91 (95%CI 1.25-2.92, P=0.003) and 1.64 (95%CI 1.23-2.20, P<0.001), respectively. Meanwhile, the HRs of TLF for patients with type C lesion versus type A/B1 and type B2 were 2.45 (95%CI 1.29-4.64, P=0.006) and 2.55 (95%CI 1.62-4.02, P=0.001), respectively. Conclusions: The ACC/AHA classification of coronary lesions has good discrimination with long-term outcomes for CAD patients undergoing PCI. The type C lesion is associated with a worse prognosis, enough attention should be paid in these patients during routine clinical management.


Assuntos
Doença da Artéria Coronariana , Stents Farmacológicos , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Fármacos Cardiovasculares , Humanos , Prognóstico , Estudos Prospectivos , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Sirolimo , Resultado do Tratamento
16.
Zhonghua Shao Shang Za Zhi ; 36(2): 91-96, 2020 Feb 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32114725

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the clinical application effects of portable visual retractor in superficial temporal fascia flap harvesting. Methods: From January 2010 to June 2019, 27 patients meeting the inclusion criteria and planning to perform operation of superficial temporal fascia flap harvesting were admitted to the Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery of the First Clinical Medical Center of the People's Liberation Army General Hospital. The patients were divided into traditional surgical method group [6 males and 3 females, aged (34±14) years], cold light source retractor group [6 males and 4 females, aged (35±16) years], and portable visual retractor group [7 males and 1 female, aged (30±14) years] according to way of superficial temporal fascia flap harvesting. The superficial temporal fascia flaps of patients in traditional surgical method group were resected by traditional way of resection, and the superficial temporal fascia flaps of patients in cold light source retractor group and portable visual retractor group were resected at assistance of cold light source retractor and portable visual retractor, respectively. Length of incision, operation time, intraoperative blood loss volume, postoperative drainage volume, and postoperative complication of patients in 3 groups were observed and recorded. Data were processed with Fisher's exact probability test, one-way analysis of variance, least significant difference test, Kruskal-Wallis H test, and Bonferroni correction. Results: The length of incision of patients in visual retractor group was (3.6±0.8) cm, significantly shorter than (12.6±1.6) cm in traditional surgical method group and (5.8±0.9) cm in cold light source retractor group (P<0.05). The incision length of patients in traditional surgical method group was significantly longer than that in cold light source retractor group (P<0.05). The operation time of patients in visual retractor group was 24.0 (23.3, 25.8) min, significantly shorter than 35.0 (30.5, 36.5) min in traditional surgical method group and 28.5 (26.8, 30.5) min in cold light source retractor group (H=16.5, 9.8, P<0.05). The operation time of patients in traditional surgical method group was significantly longer than that in cold light source retractor group (H=6.6, P<0.05). The intraoperative blood loss volume was (26±3) mL of patients in visual retractor group, significantly less than (34±4) mL in traditional surgical method group and (30±6) mL in cold light source retractor group (P<0.05). The intraoperative blood loss volume of patients in traditional surgical method group was significantly more than that in cold light source retractor group (P<0.05). The postoperative drainage volumes of patients in visual retractor group, cold light source retractor group, and traditional surgical method group were (33±4), (34±6), and (31±7) mL, respectively, and there were no significantly statistical differences in postoperative drainage volumes among patients in the three groups (F=0.3, P>0.05). There were no severe complications such as ischemia and necrosis of superficial temporal fascia flaps in patients of the three groups. One patient in cold light source retractor group had subcutaneous hematoma after operation, which was improved by removing stitches and hematoma. Conclusions: Superficial temporal fascia flap harvesting at the assistance of portable visual retractor has the advantages of clear visual field, simple operation, short operation time, small incision, and less intraoperative blood loss.


Assuntos
Retalhos Cirúrgicos , Adolescente , Adulto , Fáscia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Reconstrutivos , Transplante de Pele , Tela Subcutânea , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
17.
Glob Chang Biol ; 2020 Mar 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32215999

RESUMO

CO2 fluxes from wood decomposition represent an important source of carbon from forest ecosystems to the atmosphere, which are determined by both wood traits and climate influencing the metabolic rates of decomposers. Previous studies have quantified the effects of moisture and temperature on wood decomposition, but these effects were not separated from the potential influence of wood traits. Indeed, it is not well understood how traits and climate interact to influence wood CO2 fluxes. Here, we examined the responses of CO2 fluxes from dead wood with different traits (angiosperm and gymnosperm) to 0%, 35%, and 70% rainfall reduction across seasonal temperature gradients. Our results showed that drought significantly decreased wood CO2 fluxes, but its effects varied with both taxonomical group and drought intensity. Drought-induced reduction in wood CO2 fluxes was larger in angiosperms than gymnosperms for the 35% rainfall reduction treatment, but there was no significant difference between these groups for the 70% reduction treatment. This is because wood nitrogen density and carbon quality were significantly higher in angiosperms than gymnosperms, yielding a higher moisture sensitivity of wood decomposition. These findings were demonstrated by a significant positive interaction effect between wood nitrogen and moisture on CO2 fluxes in a structural equation model. Additionally, we ascertained that a constant temperature sensitivity of CO2 fluxes was independent of wood traits and consistent with previous estimates for extracellular enzyme kinetics. Our results highlight the key role of wood traits in regulating drought responses of wood carbon fluxes. Given that both climate and forest management might extensively modify taxonomic compositions in the future, it is critical for carbon cycle models to account for such interactions between wood traits and climate in driving dynamics of wood decomposition.

19.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 24(2): 905-914, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32016997

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to explore the association between the expression of adenosine monophosphate-activated protein kinase (AMPK) pathway and adiponectin (APN), leptin, and vascular endothelial function in rats with coronary heart disease (CHD). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Experimental rats were divided into three groups, including: control (Col) group, CHD model (CHD) group, and CHD+AMPK activator (CHD+AICAR) group. Except those in Col group, all rats were fed with high-fat diet and intraperitoneally injected with pituitrin to establish the CHD model. The levels of serum APN, leptin, and endothelin-1 (ET-1) were determined via enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). The content of serum nitric oxide (NO) was detected using the nitrate reductase method. Meanwhile, the expression of AMPK pathway-related protein AMPKα in vascular endothelial tissues was detected via Western blotting (WB). Aortic vascular endothelial cells (VECs) were cultured with AICAR or ET-1 in vitro. Subsequently, the expressions of AMPK pathway and protein kinase B (AKT) pathway-related proteins were determined through co-immunoprecipitation and WB. Moreover, the expression level of NO in VECs was determined using the DAF-FM DA fluorescence probe. RESULTS: Compared with Col group, CHD group showed significantly decreased levels of serum APN and NO (p<0.05), significantly increased the levels of leptin and ET-1 (p<0.05), as well as remarkably decreased protein expression of p-AMPKα in vascular endothelial tissues (p<0.05). After injection of AMPK activator AICAR (200 mg/kg), the protein expression of p-AMPKα in CHD rats was significantly activated (p<0.05). The levels of serum APN and NO were remarkably upregulated (p<0.05), while the levels of leptin and ET-1 were significantly reduced (p<0.05). Besides, AICAR could evidently activate the activity of AMPK pathway in VECs in vitro, upregulate the protein levels of p-eNOS (Ser1177) and p-AMPKα, and promote the secretion of NO (p<0.05). In addition, AICAR remarkably inhibited ET-1-induced expression of AKT pathway (p<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Activating the AMPK pathway may play a positive role in the normal function of VECs and exert a certain curative effect on CHD in rats.

20.
Beijing Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 52(1): 64-70, 2020 Feb 18.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32071465

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To compare the clinical effects of ultrasonic subgingival debridement and ultrasonic subgingival debridement combined with manual root planing on severe periodontitis and then to investigate the necessity and significance of manual root planing. METHODS: Twenty-three patients with severe periodontitis participated in this split-mouth randomized-controlled clinical trial. Baseline examination and randomization were performed after supragingival scaling: each of the upper and lower jaws had a quadrant as the test group treated with ultrasonic subgingival debridement combined with manual root planing, whereas the other two quadrants were the control group treated with ultrasonic subgingival debridement. Treatment of each patient was at intervals of one week and completed in two visits. Clinical indicators concerning probing depth (PD), clinical attachment loss (CAL) and bleeding index (BI) were recorded at baseline and 1 month, 3 months, 6 months after treatment. RESULTS: There was no significant difference of periodontal indicators between the test group and the control group at baseline. Both the test group and control group resulted in significant improvement of PD, CAL and BI. One and three months after treatment, reduction of PD in the test group was higher than that in the control group [1 month: (2.13±1.31) mm vs. (1.79±1.33) mm, P<0.01; 3 months: (2.46±1.33) mm vs. (2.17±1.38) mm, P<0.01] and reduction of CAL in the test group was higher than that in the control group [1 month: (1.89±2.03) mm vs. (1.65±1.93) mm, P<0.01; 3 months: (2.03±2.05) mm vs. (1.83±1.97) mm, P<0.05]. Six months after treatment, PD in the test group and the control group decreased by (2.52±1.40) mm and (2.35±1.37) mm respectively, and the improvement in the test group was significantly better than that in the control group (P<0.01). CAL in the test group and the control group decreased by (1.89±2.14) mm and (1.77±2.00) mm respectively, and there was no statistical difference between the groups. There was no significant difference in the changes of BI between the two groups 1, 3 and 6 months after treatment. CONCLUSION: Ultrasonic subgingival debridement combined with manual root planing has more reduction in PD and CAL compared with ultrasonic subgingival debridement. Therefore, it is still necessary to use manual instruments for root planing following ultrasonic subgingival debridement.


Assuntos
Periodontite , Ultrassom , Desbridamento , Raspagem Dentária , Humanos , Aplainamento Radicular , Resultado do Tratamento
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