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1.
Sci Rep ; 13(1): 593, 2023 Jan 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36631496

RESUMO

The mechanical properties of coal containing fluid are an important factor affecting the safe mining of soft coal seams. In particular, for class III-V coal, coal and gas outbursts and other dynamic phenomena are prone to occur due to the influences of gas pressure and groundwater, which seriously threaten the safety and lives of field workers. However, briquette samples are usually used in place of raw coal in laboratory tests conducted on class III-V coal samples. Whether the research conclusions for briquette and raw coal are consistent and whether briquette coal can replace raw coal in research on strength characteristics need to be further verified. In this paper, the evolution of the strength characteristics of fluid-bearing briquette coal and raw coal is studied. The strength characteristics, instability failure characteristics, and acoustic emission characteristics of raw coal and briquette coal under uniaxial and triaxial compression are analyzed in detail. In addition, the influence of the water content and pore pressure on the strength characteristics of class III-V raw coal and briquette coal is further studied. The results show that the failure characteristic of raw coal is overall brittle failure, mainly axial splitting failure, whereas that of briquette is overall ductile failure, mainly cone-shaped continuous spalling. The strength parameters of the raw coal and briquette coal improve under confining pressure, but the internal difference in the raw coal is significantly reduced. The cohesion of the raw coal sample initially increases and then decreases with increasing water content, and the internal friction angle increases with increasing water content. In addition, it is verified that the strength, cohesion, elastic modulus, and deformation modulus of the briquette decrease with increasing pore pressure under different pore pressures, but the strength difference of the class III-V coal decreases under increasing pore pressure. Based on the abovementioned results, the strength parameters of a coal body are estimated using the Hoek-Brown (H-B) criterion. Based on a comparison of the strength parameters of the coal sample and coal body, the estimated strength parameters of the coal body are closer to the actual values on site.

3.
Foods ; 12(2)2023 Jan 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36673405

RESUMO

Cadmium contamination and toxicity on plants and human health is a major problem in China. Safe rice production in Cd-contaminated alkaline soils, with acceptably low Cd levels and high yields, remains an important research challenge. To achieve this, a small-scale field experiment with seven different soil amendment materials was conducted to test their effects performance. Two best-performing materials were selected for the large-scale field experiment. Combinations of humic acid, foliar, and/or soil silicon fertilization and deep or shallow plowing were designed. It was found that the combination, including humic acid, soil and foliar silicate fertilization, and shallow plowing (5-10 cm), produced the most desirable results (the lowest soil bioavailable Cd, the lowest grain Cd concentrations, and the highest grain yield). Rice farmers are therefore recommended to implement this combination to attain high grain yield with low Cd concentrations in alkaline soils.

4.
Molecules ; 28(2)2023 Jan 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36677722

RESUMO

Ephedrae Herba (Ephedra), known as "MaHuang" in China, is the dried straw stem that is associated with the lung and urinary bladder meridians. At present, more than 60 species of Ephedra plants have been identified, which contain more than 100 compounds, including alkaloids, flavonoids, tannins, sugars, and organic phenolic acids. This herb has long been used to treat asthma, liver disease, skin disease, and other diseases, and has shown unique efficacy in the treatment of COVID-19 infection. Because alkaloids are the main components causing toxicity, the safety of Ephedra must be considered. However, the nonalkaloid components of Ephedra can be effectively used to replace ephedrine extracts to treat some diseases, and reasonable use can ensure the safety of Ephedra. We reviewed the phytochemistry, pharmacology, clinical application, and alkaloid toxicity of Ephedra, and describe prospects for its future development to facilitate the development of Ephedra.


Assuntos
Alcaloides , Antineoplásicos , COVID-19 , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Ephedra , Humanos , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/química , Alcaloides/farmacologia , Ephedra/química , Efedrina/farmacologia
5.
ACS Nano ; 2023 Jan 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36715585

RESUMO

The coloration of carbon nanotube (CNT) fibers (CNTFs) is a long-lasting challenge because of the intrinsic black color and chemically inert surfaces of CNTs, which cannot satisfy the aesthetic and fashion requirements and thus significantly restrict their performance in many cutting-edge fields. Recently, a structural coloration method of CNTFs was developed by our group using atomic layer deposition (ALD) technology. However, the ALD-based structural coloration method of CNTFs is expensive, time-consuming, and not suitable for the large-scale production of colorful CNTFs. Herein, we developed a very simple and scalable liquid-phase method to realize the structural coloration of CNTFs. A SiO2/ethanol dispersion containing SiO2 nanospheres with controllable sizes was synthesized. The SiO2 nanospheres could self-assemble into photonic crystal layers on the surface of CNTFs and exhibited brilliant colors. The colors of SiO2 nanoparticle-coated CNTFs could be easily changed by tuning the sizes of SiO2 nanospheres. This method provides a simple, effective, and promising way for the large-scale production of colorful CNTFs.

6.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36632973

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Although patients with advanced liver disease have been included in studies evaluating fibrates for the treatment of primary biliary cholangitis (PBC), the frequency of biochemical responses and adverse effects for this group of patients was not reported separately and comprehensively. AIMS: to evaluate the efficacy and safety of additional fenofibrate therapy in patients with advanced and ursodeoxycholic acid (UDCA)-refractory PBC. METHODS: Patients were analyzed retrospectively to determine the clinical therapeutic effects of UDCA with additional fenofibrate therapy versus continued UDCA monotherapy. The liver transplantation (LT)-free survival and the alkaline phosphatase (ALP) normalization rates were estimated using Cox regression analyses and Kaplan-Meier plots with inverse probability of treatment weighting (IPTW). RESULTS: A total of 118 patients were included: 54 received UDCA alone and 64 received UDCA in combination with fenofibrate therapy. In the fenofibrate and UDCA groups, 37% and 11% of patients with advanced and UDCA-refractory PBC, respectively, achieved ALP normalization (P=0.001). Additional fenofibrate therapy improved both LT-free survival and ALP normalization rate after IPTW (hazard ratio [HR]: 0.23, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.07-0.75, P=0.015; and HR: 11.66, 95% CI: 5.02-27.06, P=0.001, respectively). These effects were supported by parallel changes in the rates of liver decompensation and histologic progression, and the United Kingdom (UK)-PBC and Globe risk scores. During the follow-up period, serum levels of ALP and aminotransferase decreased significantly, while total bilirubin, albumin, platelet, serum creatinine, and estimated glomerular filtration rate remained stable in fenofibrate-treated participants. No fenofibrate-related significant adverse events were observed in our cohort. CONCLUSIONS: Additional fenofibrate therapy significantly improved LT-free survival and ALP normalization in patients with advanced and UDCA-refractory PBC. Furthermore, adding-on fenofibrate therapy appeared to be safe and well tolerated in this population.

7.
iScience ; 26(1): 105095, 2023 Jan 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36713263

RESUMO

Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a leading cause of cancer-related death in the world. Mitochondrial fission regulator 2 (MTFR2) is involved in the development of various cancers. However, the roles of MTFR2 in HCC remain unknown. In this study, we conducted a comprehensive analysis of MTFR2 in HCC, which was generated from integrative MTFR2 analyses of eight HCC cell lines, and three datasets (public dataset, real-world dataset, and immunotherapy dataset) derived from bulk HCC tissues, survival, and immunotherapy data. We demonstrated that the expression level of MTFR2 is upregulated in HCC, leading to poor prognosis. MTFR2 is positively correlated with the level of immune cell infiltration, multiple immune checkpoints and immunotherapy response prediction pathways, and acts as an important role in cancer-immunity cycle. In conclusion, our work indicates that MTFR2 can shape a barrier of immune microenvironment and result in poor prognosis in hepatocellular carcinoma, but the immune barrier may be broken by immunotherapy.

8.
J Interferon Cytokine Res ; 43(1): 43-52, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36603105

RESUMO

High altitude hypoxia can lead to a spectrum of gastrointestinal problems. As the first line of host immune defense, innate immune response in the intestinal mucosa plays a pivotal role in maintaining intestinal homeostasis and protecting against intestinal injury at high altitude. This study aimed to investigate the effect of hypoxia on the colonic mucosal barrier and toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4)-mediated innate immune responses in the colon. The mice were exposed to a hypobaric chamber to simulate a 5,000 m plateau environment for 7 days, and the colonic mucosa changes were recorded. At the same time, the inflammation model was established by lipopolysaccharide (LPS) to explore the effects of hypoxia on the TLR4/nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB) signaling pathway and its downstream inflammatory factors [tumor necrosis factor-α, interleukin (IL)-1ß, IL-6, and interferon (IFN)-γ] in the colon. We found that hypoxic exposure caused weight loss and structural disturbance of the colonic mucosa in mice. Compared with the control group, the protein levels of TLR4 [fold change (FC) = 0.75 versus FC = 0.23], MyD88 (FC = 0.80 versus FC = 0.30), TIR-domain-containing adaptor protein inducing interferon-ß (TRIF: FC = 0.89 versus FC = 0.38), and NF-κB p65 (FC = 0.75 versus FC = 0.24) in the colon of mice in the hypobaric hypoxia group were significantly decreased. LPS-induced upregulation of the TLR4/NF-κB signaling and its downstream inflammatory factors was inhibited by hypoxia. Specifically, compared with the LPS group, the protein levels of TLR4 (FC = 1.18, FC = 0.86), MyD88 (FC = 1.20, FC = 0.80), TRIF (FC = 1.20, FC = 0.86), and NF-κB p65 (FC = 1.29, FC = 0.62) and the mRNA levels of IL-1ß (FC = 7.38, FC = 5.06), IL-6 (FC = 16.06, FC = 9.22), and IFN-γ (FC = 2.01, FC = 1.16) were reduced in the hypobaric hypoxia plus LPS group. Our findings imply that hypoxia could lead to marked damage of the colonic mucosa and a reduction of TLR4-mediated colonic innate immune responses, potentially reducing host defense responses to colonic pathogens.


Assuntos
Lipopolissacarídeos , NF-kappa B , Camundongos , Animais , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Lipopolissacarídeos/farmacologia , Receptor 4 Toll-Like/genética , Interleucina-6/metabolismo , Fator 88 de Diferenciação Mieloide/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais , Imunidade Inata , Hipóxia/metabolismo , Colo , Proteínas Adaptadoras de Transporte Vesicular/genética , Proteínas Adaptadoras de Transporte Vesicular/metabolismo , Proteínas Adaptadoras de Transporte Vesicular/farmacologia
9.
Curr Microbiol ; 80(2): 58, 2023 Jan 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36588112

RESUMO

Nitrogen is an important factor affecting crop yield, but excessive use of chemical nitrogen fertilizer has caused decline in nitrogen utilization and soil and water pollution. Reducing the utilization of chemical nitrogen fertilizers by biological nitrogen fixation (BNF) is feasible for green production of crops. However, there are few reports on how to have more ammonium produced by nitrogen-fixing bacteria (NFB) flow outside the cell. In the present study, the amtB gene encoding an ammonium transporter (AmtB) in the genome of NFB strain Kosakonia radicincitans GXGL-4A was deleted and the △amtB mutant was characterized. The results showed that deletion of the amtB gene had no influence on the growth of bacterial cells. The extracellular ammonium nitrogen (NH4+) content of the △amtB mutant under nitrogen-free culture conditions was significantly higher than that of the wild-type strain GXGL-4A (WT-GXGL-4A), suggesting disruption of NH4+ transport. Meanwhile, the plant growth-promoting effect in cucumber seedlings was visualized after fertilization using cells of the △amtB mutant. NFB fertilization continuously increased the cucumber rhizosphere soil pH. The nitrate nitrogen (NO3-) content in soil in the △amtB treatment group was significantly higher than that in the WT-GXGL-4A treatment group in the short term but there was no difference in soil NH4+ contents between groups. Soil enzymatic activities varied during a 45-day assessment period, indicating that △amtB fertilization influenced soil nitrogen cycling in the cucumber rhizosphere. The results will provide a solid foundation for developing the NFB GXGL-4A into an efficient biofertilizer agent.


Assuntos
Compostos de Amônio , Cucumis sativus , Bactérias Fixadoras de Nitrogênio , Plântula , Nitrogênio/metabolismo , Bactérias/metabolismo , Solo/química , Proteínas de Membrana Transportadoras , Fertilizantes/análise
10.
Bioorg Med Chem Lett ; 81: 129143, 2023 Jan 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36669575

RESUMO

In our continuing efforts to explore structure-activity relationships around the novel class of potent, isonicotinamide-based GSK3 inhibitors described in our previous report, we extensively explored structural variations around both 4/5-pyridine substitutions and the amide group. Some analogs were found to have greatly improved pTau lowering potency while retaining high kinase selectivity. In contrast to previous active compounds 1a-c, a close analog 3h did not show in vivo efficacy in a triple-transgenic mouse Alzheimer's disease model. In general, these 2­pyridinyl amide derivatives were prone to amidase mediated hydrolysis in mouse plasma.

11.
Mol Psychiatry ; 2023 Jan 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36646901

RESUMO

In 1986, Gawin and Kleber reported a progressive increase in cue-induced drug craving in individuals with cocaine use disorders during prolonged abstinence. After years of controversy, as of 2001, this phenomenon was confirmed in rodent studies using self-administration model, and defined as the incubation of drug craving. The intensification of cue-induced drug craving after withdrawal exposes abstinent individuals to a high risk of relapse, which urged us to develop effective interventions to prevent incubated craving. Substantial achievements have been made in deciphering the neural mechanisms, with potential implications for reducing drug craving and preventing the relapse. The present review discusses promising drug targets that have been well investigated in animal studies, including some neurotransmitters, neuropeptides, neurotrophic factors, and epigenetic markers. We also discuss translational exploitation and challenges in the field of the incubation of drug craving, providing insights into future investigations and highlighting the potential of pharmacological interventions, environment-based interventions, and neuromodulation techniques.

12.
Food Sci Nutr ; 11(1): 443-457, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36655068

RESUMO

Acrylamide has been well known for its neurotoxicity, genotoxicity, carcinogenicity, etc. Recently, the immunotoxicity of acrylamide has been reported by different research groups, although the underlying mechanisms of acrylamide endangering immune systems have not been fully elucidated. In this study, mouse monocyte-macrophage cells model was used to clarify the toxic mechanism of acrylamide and the inhibitory effect of Yam polysaccharides (YPS) on acrylamide-induced damage. We found that acrylamide induced RAW 264.7 cell death in a time- and concentration-dependent manner. After acrylamide (2.0, 3.0, 4.0 mmol/L) treatment for 24 h, cell apoptosis, autophagy, and pyroptosis were observed. However, the levels of autophagy and pyroptosis decreased at a high concentration of acrylamide (4.0 mmol/L). Acrylamide upregulated P2X7 expression, but the P2X7 level was not showing a monotone increasing trend. When the P2X7 antagonist was applied, the effect of acrylamide on autophagy and pyroptosis was weakened. Additionally, acrylamide triggered the occurrence of oxidative stress and a decreased nitric oxide (NO) level. However, reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation, the decrease of heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) expression, and the increase of inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) expression were reversed by the inhibition of P2X7. Yam polysaccharides (50.0 µg/ml) significantly inhibited acrylamide-induced oxidative stress and cell death (including apoptosis, autophagy, and pyroptosis). Yam polysaccharides also effectively reversed the increase of iNOS expression induced by acrylamide. However, Yam polysaccharides promoted the expression of P2X7 rather than prohibit it. These results indicated that acrylamide caused RAW 264.7 cell death due to pro-apoptosis as well as excessive autophagy and pyroptosis. Apoptosis might be more predominant than autophagy and pyroptosis under a higher concentration of acrylamide (4.0 mmol/L). P2X7-stimulated oxidative stress was responsible for acrylamide-induced programmed cell death (PCD), but P2X7 showed limited regulatory effect on apoptosis. Yam polysaccharides with antioxidant activity inhibited acrylamide-induced cell death (apoptosis, autophagy, and pyroptosis), but exerted limited effect on the acrylamide-induced P2X7 expression. These findings would offer an insight into elucidating the immunotoxic mechanism of acrylamide and the potential approaches to control its toxicity.

13.
Hypertension ; 80(1): 70-83, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36345832

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Autophagy plays an important role in the pathogenesis of pulmonary hypertension (PH). ROC-325 is a novel small molecule lysosomal autophagy inhibitor that has more potent anticancer activity than the antimalarial drug hydroxychloroquine, the latter has been prevalently used to inhibit autophagy. Here, we sought to determine the therapeutic benefit and mechanism of action of ROC-325 in experimental PH models. METHODS AND RESULTS: Hemodynamics, echocardiography, and histology measurement showed that ROC-325 treatment prevented the development of PH, right ventricular hypertrophy, fibrosis, dysfunction, and vascular remodeling after monocrotaline and Sugen5416/hypoxia administration. ROC-325 attenuated high K+ or alveolar hypoxia-induced pulmonary vasoconstriction and enhanced endothelial-dependent relaxation in isolated pulmonary artery rings. ROC-325 treatment inhibited autophagy and enhanced endothelial nitric oxide synthase activity in lung tissues of monocrotaline-PH rats. In cultured human and rat pulmonary arterial smooth muscle cell and pulmonary arterial endothelial cell under hypoxia exposure, ROC-325 increased LC3B (light chain 3 beta) and p62 accumulation, endothelial cell nitric oxide production via phosphorylation of endothelial nitric oxide synthase (Ser1177) and dephosphorylation of endothelial nitric oxide synthase (Thr495) as well as decreased HIF (hypoxia-inducible factor)-1α and HIF-2α stabilization. CONCLUSIONS: These data indicate that ROC-325 is a promising novel agent for the treatment of PH that inhibits autophagy, downregulates HIF levels, and increases nitric oxide production.


Assuntos
Hipertensão Pulmonar , Humanos , Ratos , Animais , Hipertensão Pulmonar/tratamento farmacológico , Óxido Nítrico Sintase Tipo III , Óxido Nítrico , Lisossomos , Autofagia , Hipóxia/complicações , Hipóxia/tratamento farmacológico
14.
J Colloid Interface Sci ; 634: 469-480, 2023 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36542976

RESUMO

The development of efficient, cost-effective, bifunctional cathode catalyst materials to replace precious metals is highly attractive for the fabrication of Zn-air battery. Here, the three-dimensional N and S co-doped carbon nanosheets loaded with cobalt sulfide nanoparticles (Co1-xS@SNFC) for bifunctional oxygen electrocatalysis were synthesized with Co(NO3)2·6H2O as the Co source, lignin as the carbon source, thiourea as the nitrogen/ sulfur source, and MgO as the template. The synergistic effect of multiple active sites gives the Co1-xS@SNFC fast electrochemical kinetic properties and excellent stability to oxygen reduction reactions (ORR) and oxygen evolution reactions (OER). The half-wave potential and overpotential of Co1-xS@SNFC were 0.84 mV and 306 mV, respectively, which is closed to commercial noble metal catalysts. In addition, Co1-xS@SNFC exhibited four-electron transfer characteristics and ultra-low tafel slope. Compared with commercial Pt/C, the Zn-air battery assembled from Co1-xS@SNFC exhibited a low voltage gap of polarization curve (0.75 V) between charging and discharge and high power density (207 mWcm-2) in alkaline electrolyte. This work developed a green and novel fabrication approach for the synthesis of bifunctional electrocatalyst and provides a new idea for high-value utilization of biomass.

15.
Anal Chem ; 95(2): 560-564, 2023 Jan 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36563048

RESUMO

Identifying effective reversal agents overcoming multidrug resistance with causal mechanisms from an efflux pump protein is of vital importance for enhanced tumor chemotherapy in clinic. To achieve this end, we construct a metal cluster-based probe, named clusterbody, to develop flow sorting-assisted single-cell mass spectrometry analysis. This clusterbody synthesized by biomimetic mineralization possesses an antibody-like property to selectively recognize an efflux pump protein. The intrinsic red fluorescence emission of the clusterbody facilitates fluorescence-activated high-throughput cell sorting of subpopulations with different multidrug resistance levels. Furthermore, based on the accurate formula of the clusterbody, the corresponding protein abundance at the single-cell level is determined through detecting gold content via precise signal amplification by laser ablation inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry. Therefore, the effect of reversal agent treatment overcoming multidrug resistance is evaluated in a quantitative manner. This work opens a new avenue to identify reversal agents, shedding light on developing combined or synergetic tumor therapy.


Assuntos
Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos , Neoplasias , Humanos , Resistência a Múltiplos Medicamentos , Neoplasias/tratamento farmacológico , Transporte Biológico , Espectrometria de Massas
16.
Inorg Chem ; 2022 Dec 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36474312

RESUMO

In this work, a series of poly-NHC-based tetranuclear silver helicates and mesocates were synthesized from the silver-mediated self-assembly of the ligands involving multiple tridentate CNC-type pincer units and NHC coordination sites. The silver helicate was found to be transferred to a gold mesocate upon metal exchange reaction. The metallosupramolecular helicates and mesocates have been fully characterized by single-crystal X-ray crystallography, mass spectrometry, and multinuclear nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopies. This study provides an example of the selective preparation of poly-NHC-based helicates or mesocates depending on the size of metal ions and the steric effect of ligands.

17.
Biomed Chromatogr ; : e5560, 2022 Dec 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36461617

RESUMO

Qi Zhi capsule (QZC) is approved by the State Drug Administration of China. QZC consists of nine crude drugs, including astragalus, leeches, ground beetles, curcuma zedoary, hawthorn, semen cassiae, rhizoma sparganii, polygonum multiflorum and peach kernel, of which leeches and ground beetles are Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) of animal origin. Nucleosides are animal substances with pharmacological effects that are easy to extract and quantify. Different nucleoside analogs in distinct animal-based formulations can be used to characterize animal-based medicines. However, the quality control of a single indicator does not reflect the overall quality of Chinese medicine. Here, we developed a method to simultaneously determine the nucleoside analogs uracil, xanthine, hypoxanthine, uridine, guanine, and uric acid in QZC using high-performance liquid chromatography. Hypoxanthine was used as an internal reference to determine relative correction factors for the other five components. The six components were determined in ten different batches of Qi Zhi capsules. There was no significant difference between the quantitative multicomponent analysis results of a single marker (QAMS) and the external standard method (ESM). The RSD of total nucleosides analogs of ten batches of samples was 7%. This method can be applied to simultaneously determine multiple active components in Qi Zhi capsules and other nucleoside analog drugs, enabling multi-indicator quality control.

18.
Front Pharmacol ; 13: 1004525, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36452231

RESUMO

Objective: Vascular smooth muscle cell phenotype switch (VSMCPS) plays a significant role in vascular remodeling. This study aimed to conduct a bibliometric analysis and visualize the knowledge map of research on VSMCPS. Methods: We retrieved publications focusing on VSMCPS from the Web of Science Core Collection database (SCI-EXPANDED) from 1999 to 2021. Using bibliometric tools, VOSviewer and CiteSpace, we identified the most productive researchers, journals, institutions, and countries. At the same time, the trends, hot topics, and knowledge networks were analyzed and visualized. Results: A total of 2213 publications were included in this analysis. The number of annual publications in the VSMCPS field exhibited an upward trend and could be roughly divided into three phases. Until 2006, the most prolific authors were from the United States. As of 2008, the number of articles published in China increased dramatically to reach 126 papers in 2020. As of 2014, China was the most productive country in this field. The United States ranked first in the number of highly-influential authors, institutions, and literature from 1999 to 2022. Owens GK, Hata, Akiko, and Wen, jin-kun were the most prolific authors. Arteriosclerosis Thrombosis and Vascular Biology, Circulation Research, and Cardiovascular Research were the top-ranked journals in this field. "Vascular remodeling," "atherosclerosis," "neointima," "hypertension", and "inflammation" were the main researched topics. New diseases, new mechanisms, and new phenotype (e.g., micro RNA, macrophage-like-cell, hypoxia, autophagy, long noncoding RNA, oxidative stress, endoplasmic reticulum stress, senescence, aging, abdominal aortic aneurysm, and aortic dissection) represent the trending topics in recent years. Conclusion: This study systematically analyzed and visualized the knowledge map of VSMCPS over the past 2 decades. Our findings provide a comprehensive overview for scholars who want to understand current trends and new research frontiers in this area.

19.
Neurol Res ; : 1-7, 2022 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36453692

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Growing evidence shows that the expression of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) is altered in the peripheral blood of participants with Alzheimer's disease (AD). It is unclear, however, whether altered BDNF expression is also observed in the early stages of AD. METHODS: In the present study, 138 normal controls (NC), 57 participants with subjective cognitive decline (SCD), and 37 participants with amnestic mild cognitive impairment (aMCI) and AD were included. Plasma BDNF protein levels were assessed using a commercial multiplex Luminex-based kit. Patient samples were also probed for the presence of BDNF gene variant rs6265. RESULTS: Pairwise comparisons between the groups showed that there was not a significant difference in BDNF levels when comparing SCD with NC and when comparing SCD with aMCI/AD, but BDNF levels in aMCI/AD samples were increased when compared with NC samples. For models differentiating clinical groups, discriminant analysis was performed by including education, APOE genotype, and BDNF levels in the model. This approach distinguishes participants with SCD (AUC = 0.630) and aMCI/AD (AUC = 0.665) from NC. CONCLUSION: Our results suggest that expression of BDNF in plasma is altered at the clinical stage of AD.

20.
Front Psychol ; 13: 1071121, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36483716

RESUMO

Research on metaphor has gained increasing attention of world's scholars since the publication of Lakoff and Johnson's collaborated book Metaphors We Live By in 1980. The present study comprises a pioneering review of publications on Conceptual Metaphor Theory (CMT). It aimed to use the CiteSpace software to provide a clear overview of international research in relation to CMT. In total, 4,458 bibliometric recordings ranging from 1980 to 2022 were collected from the Web of Science (WOS) Core Collection. The descriptive analysis presents the trend of annual publications, the top 10 most prolific journals and the top 10 most productive authors. A document co-citation analysis was conducted via CiteSpace to navigate the key documents in this field. A visualization of keywords and its cluster analysis were conducted to show the research fields and dominant topics. The top 5 keywords with high frequency were language, comprehension, conceptual metaphor, discourse, and figurative language. The most prominent 5 clusters are labeled as right hemisphere, self, time, teacher education, and corpus linguistics. The present review through CiteSpace flags the need for more investigations of CMT from more aspects or interdisciplinary studies, such as metaphor translation, metaphor in literature, metaphor and corpus linguistics, etc.

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