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1.
Front Vet Sci ; 8: 726328, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34746277

RESUMO

Endometritis is a disease that affects reproductive health in dairy cows and causes serious economic damage to the dairy industry world-wide. Although in recent years, the application of mesenchymal stem cell (MSC) therapy for the treatment of inflammatory diseases has attracted much attention, there are few reports of the use of MSCs in dairy cows. In the present study, our objective was to explore the inhibitory effects of bovine adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells (bAD-MSCs) on lipopolysaccharide (LPS) induced inflammation in bovine endometrial epithelial cells (bEECs) along with the potential underlying molecular mechanisms. We characterized isolated bAD-MSCs using cell surface marker staining and adipogenic/osteogenic differentiation, and analyzed them using immunofluorescence, flow cytometry (surface marker staining), and adipogenic and osteogenic differentiation. Furthermore, to understand the anti-inflammatory effects of bAD-MSCs on LPS induced bEEC inflammation, we used a bAD-MSC/bEEC co-culture system. The results showed that bAD-MSC treatments could significantly decrease LPS induced bEEC apoptosis and pro-inflammatory cytokine expression levels, such as interleukin-1ß (IL-1ß), interleukin-6 (IL-6), and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α). Furthermore, our results showed that bAD-MSC treatments could also significantly downregulate LPS induced p38, IkB-a, and JAK1 phosphorylation and Bax protein expression levels, which are closely related to inflammatory progress and cellular apoptosis in bEECs. Our findings demonstrate that bAD-MSCs play an inhibitory role in LPS induced bEEC inflammation and provide new insights for the clinical therapy of endometritis in dairy cows.

2.
Exp Ther Med ; 22(3): 970, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34335912

RESUMO

Neuroinflammation is associated with many neurodegenerative diseases. Abnormal activation of microglial cells in the central nervous system (CNS) is a major characteristic of neuroinflammation. Nitric oxide (NO) free radicals are produced by activated microglia and prolonged presence of large quantities of NO in the CNS can lead to neuroinflammation and disease. Hispidin is a polyphenol derived from Phellinus linteus (a valuable medicinal mushroom) with strong antioxidant, anticancer and antidiabetic properties. A previous study demonstrated that hispidin significantly inhibited NO production via lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced RAW264.7 macrophages. Therefore, the present study used MTT assay was used to detect the effect of hispdin on cell viability. Griess reagent analysis was used to measure NO production. Reverse transcription-semi quantitative PCR and western blotting were used to evaluate the effects of hispdin on iNOS mRNA and MAPK/ERK/JNK protein levels. Fluorescence microscopy and flow cytometry were used to detect the effects of hispdin on the production of ROS and phagocytosis of cells. The present results indicated that hispidin could significantly inhibit the increase of NO production and iNOS expression in BV-2 microglial cells stimulated by LPS. The inhibitory effect of hispidin on NO production was similar to that of S-methylisothiourea sulfate, an iNOS inhibitor. Signaling studies demonstrated that hispidin markedly suppresses LPS-induced mitogen activated protein kinases and JAK1/STAT3 activation, although not the NF-κB signaling pathway. The present observations in LPS-stimulated BV-2 microglial cells indicated that hispidin might serve as a therapeutic candidate for the treatment of NO-induced neuroinflammation and, potentially, as a novel iNOS inhibitor.

3.
Aging (Albany NY) ; 13(10): 13926-13940, 2021 05 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34030134

RESUMO

Peroxiredoxin II (Prx II) is involved in proliferation, differentiation, and aging in various cell types. However, Prx II-mediated stem cell regulation is poorly understood. Here, dermal mesenchymal stem cells (DMSCs), cell-growth factor-rich conditioned medium from DMSCs (DMSC-CM), and DMSC-derived exosomes (DMSC-Exos) were used to explore the regulatory role of Prx II in DMSC wound healing. Following treatment, wound healing was significantly decelerated in Prx II-/- DMSCs than in Prx II+/+ DMSCs. In vitro stimulation with 10 µM H2O2 significantly increased apoptosis in Prx II-/- DMSCs compared with Prx II+/+ DMSCs. The mRNA expression levels of EGF, b-FGF, PDGF-B, and VEGF did not significantly differ between Prx II-/- and Prx II+/+ DMSCs. Fibroblasts proliferated comparably when treated with Prx II+/+ DMSC-CM or Prx II-/- DMSC-CM. Wound healing was significantly higher in the Prx II-/- DMSC-Exos-treated group than in the Prx II+/+ DMSCs-Exos-treated group. Moreover, microRNA (miR)-21-5p expression levels were lower and miR-221 levels were higher in Prx II-/- DMSCs than in Prx II+/+ DMSCs. Therefore, our results indicate that Prx II accelerated wound healing by protecting DMSCs from reactive oxygen species-induced apoptosis; however, Prx II did not regulate cell/growth factor secretion. Prx II potentially regulates exosome functions via miR-21-5p and miR-221.


Assuntos
Derme/citologia , Transplante de Células-Tronco Mesenquimais , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/citologia , Peroxirredoxinas/metabolismo , Cicatrização , Animais , Apoptose , Meios de Cultivo Condicionados/farmacologia , Exossomos/efeitos dos fármacos , Exossomos/metabolismo , Exossomos/ultraestrutura , Deleção de Genes , Peróxido de Hidrogênio/toxicidade , Peptídeos e Proteínas de Sinalização Intercelular/metabolismo , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/metabolismo , Camundongos Knockout , MicroRNAs/genética , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , RNA Mensageiro/genética , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , Cicatrização/genética
4.
Ann Geriatr Med Res ; 24(4): 297-304, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33227845

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Sestrin2 (Sesn2) is involved in the maintenance of metabolic homeostasis and aging via modulation of the 5' AMP-activated protein kinase-mammalian target of rapamycin (AMPK-mTOR) pathway. METHODS: Wild-type and Sesn2 knockout (KO) mice of the 129/SvJ background were maintained in a pathogen-free authorized facility under a 12-hour dark/light cycle at 20°C-22°C and 50%-60% humidity. Mouse embryonic fibroblasts (MEFs) were prepared from 13.5-day-old embryos derived from Sesn2-KO mice mated with each other. RESULTS: The MEFs from Sesn2-KO mice showed enlarged and flattened morphologies and senescence-associated ß-galactosidase activity, accompanied by an elevated level of reactive oxygen species. These senescence phenotypes recovered following treatment with N-acetyl-cysteine. Notably, the mRNA levels of NADPH oxidase 4 (NOX4) and transforming growth factor (TGF)-ß were markedly increased in Sesn2-KO MEFs. Treatment of Sesn2-KO MEFs with the NOX inhibitor diphenyleneiodonium and the TGF-ß inhibitor SB431542 restored cell growth inhibited by Sesn2-KO. CONCLUSION: Sesn2 attenuates cellular senescence via suppression of TGF-ß- and NOX4-induced reactive oxygen species generation and subsequent inhibition of AMPK.

5.
Exp Ther Med ; 20(5): 82, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32968439

RESUMO

The aim of the present study was to verify the pro-apoptotic anticancer potential of several 5,8-dimethoxy-1,4-phthoquinone (DMNQ) derivatives in Ras-mediated tumorigenesis. MTT assays were used to detect cellular viability and flow cytometry was performed to assess intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) levels and apoptosis. The expression levels of proteins were detected via western blotting. Among the 12 newly synthesized DMNQ derivatives, 2-benzylthio-5,8-dimethoxynaphthalene-1,4-dione (BZNQ; component #1) significantly reduced cell viability both in mouse NIH3T3 embryonic fibroblasts cells (NC) and H-RasG12V transfected mouse NIH3T3 embryonic fibroblasts cells (NR). Moreover, BZNQ resulted in increased cytotoxic sensitivity in Ras-mutant transfected cells. Furthermore, the reactive oxygen species (ROS) levels in H-RasG12V transfected HepG2 liver cancer cells (HR) were significantly higher compared with the levels in HepG2 liver cancer cells (HC) following BZNQ treatment, which further resulted in increased cellular apoptosis. Eliminating cellular ROS using an ROS scavenger N-acetyl-L-cysteine markedly reversed BZNQ-induced cellular ROS accumulation and cell apoptosis in HC and HR cells. Western blotting results revealed that BZNQ significantly downregulated H-Ras protein expression and inhibited the Ras-mediated downstream signaling pathways such as protein kinase B, extracellular signal-related kinase and glycogen synthase kinase phosphorylation and ß-catenin protein expression. These results indicated that the novel DMNQ derivative BZNQ may be a therapeutic drug for Ras-mediated liver tumorigenesis. The results of the current study suggest that BZNQ exerts its effect by downregulating H-Ras protein expression and Ras-mediated signaling pathways.

6.
Biochem Biophys Res Commun ; 529(3): 635-641, 2020 08 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32736685

RESUMO

Keratinocyte hyperproliferation is an essential link in skin cancer pathogenesis. Peroxiredoxin I (Prx I) is known to regulate cancer cell proliferation, differentiation, and apoptosis, but its role in skin cancer remains unclear. This study aimed to elucidate the role and mechanism of Prx I in skin cancer pathogenesis. Dimethylbenz[a]anthracene (DMBA) and 12-O-tetradecanoyl-phorbol-13-acetate (TPA) were used to create a skin tumor model of the initiation/promotion stage of cancer. The role of Prx I in H2O2-induced keratinocyte apoptosis was also investigated. After DMBA/TPA treatment, Prx I deficiency was significantly associated with less skin tumors, lower Bcl-2 expression, and higher p-p38 and cleaved caspase-3 expressions in Prx I knockout tumors than in wild-type controls. H2O2 stimulation caused more cellular apoptosis in Prx I knockdown HaCaT cells than in normal HaCaT cells. The signaling study revealed that Bcl-2, p-p38, and cleaved caspase-3 expressions were consistent with the results in the tumors. In conclusion, the deletion of Prx I triggered the DMBA/TPA-induced skin tumor formation in vivo and in vitro by regulating the reactive oxygen species (ROS)-p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) pathway. These findings provide a theoretical basis for treating skin cancer.


Assuntos
Apoptose/genética , Queratinócitos/metabolismo , Peroxirredoxinas/genética , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Neoplasias Cutâneas/genética , Proteínas Quinases p38 Ativadas por Mitógeno/metabolismo , Animais , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Linhagem Celular , Células HEK293 , Humanos , Peróxido de Hidrogênio/farmacologia , Queratinócitos/citologia , Queratinócitos/efeitos dos fármacos , Camundongos da Linhagem 129 , Camundongos Knockout , Oxidantes/farmacologia , Peroxirredoxinas/deficiência , Interferência de RNA , Transdução de Sinais , Neoplasias Cutâneas/metabolismo , Neoplasias Cutâneas/patologia
7.
In Vivo ; 34(4): 1823-1833, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32606152

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: Picrasma quassioides (P. quassioides) is used in traditional Asian medicine widely for the treatment of anemopyretic cold, eczema, nausea, loss of appetite, diabetes mellitus, hypertension etc. In this study we aimed to understand the effect of P. quassioides ethanol extract on SiHa cervical cancer cell apoptosis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The P. quassioides extract-induced apoptosis was analyzed using the MTT assay, fluorescence microscopy, flow cytometry and western blotting. RESULTS: P. quassioides extract induced cellular apoptosis by increasing the accumulation of cellular and mitochondrial reactive oxygen species (ROS) levels and inhibiting ATP synthesis. Pretreatment with N-Acetylcysteine (NAC), a classic antioxidant, decreased the intracellular ROS production and inhibited apoptosis. In addition, the P38 MAPK signaling pathway is a key in the apoptosis of SiHa cells induced by the P. quassioides extract. CONCLUSION: The P. quassioides extract exerts its anti-cancer properties on SiHa cells through ROS-mitochondria axis and P38 MAPK signaling. Our data provide a new insight for P. quassioides as a therapeutic strategy for cervical cancer treatment.


Assuntos
Picrasma , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero , Apoptose , Feminino , Humanos , Potencial da Membrana Mitocondrial , Mitocôndrias/metabolismo , Picrasma/metabolismo , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio , Transdução de Sinais , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/genética , Proteínas Quinases p38 Ativadas por Mitógeno/genética
8.
Mol Med Rep ; 22(3): 1831-1838, 2020 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32705184

RESUMO

Apoptosis of pancreatic ß­cells is involved in the pathogenesis of type I and II diabetes. Peroxiredoxin I (Prx I) serves an important role in regulating cellular apoptosis; however, the role of Prx I in pancreatic ß­cell apoptosis is not completely understood. In the present study, the role of peroxiredoxin 1 (Prx I) during streptozotocin (STZ)­induced apoptosis of pancreatic ß­cells was investigated. The expression level of Prx I was decreased by STZ treatment in a time­dependent manner, and apoptosis of Prx I knockdown MIN6 cells was increased by STZ stimulation, compared with untransduced MIN6 cells. Furthermore, an intraperitoneal injection of STZ increased pancreatic islet damage in Prx I knockout mice, compared with wild­type and Prx II knockout mice. AKT and glycogen synthase kinase (GSK)­3ß phosphorylation significantly decreased following Prx I knockdown in MIN6 cells. However, phosphorylated ß­catenin and p65 levels significantly increased after STZ stimulation, compared with untransduced cells. The results of the present study indicate that deletion of Prx I mediated STZ­induced pancreatic ß­cell death in vivo and in vitro by regulating the AKT/GSK­3ß/ß­catenin signaling pathway, as well as NF­κB signaling. These findings provide a theoretical basis for treatment of pancreatic damage.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Experimental/metabolismo , Regulação para Baixo , Células Secretoras de Insulina/citologia , Peroxirredoxinas/genética , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Estreptozocina/efeitos adversos , Animais , Linhagem Celular , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Diabetes Mellitus Experimental/induzido quimicamente , Regulação da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Técnicas de Inativação de Genes , Glicogênio Sintase Quinase 3 beta/metabolismo , Células Secretoras de Insulina/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Secretoras de Insulina/metabolismo , Masculino , Camundongos , Fosforilação , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/metabolismo
9.
Anticancer Res ; 40(7): 3819-3830, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32620621

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Picrasma quassioides (PQ) is a traditional Asian herbal medicine with anti-tumor properties that can inhibit the viability of HepG2 liver cancer cells. H-Ras is often mutated in liver cancer, however, the effect of PQ treatment on H-Ras mutated liver cancer is unclear. This study aimed to investigate the role of PQ on ROS accumulation and mitochondrial dysfunction in H-ras mutated HepG2 (HepG2G12V) cells. MATERIALS AND METHODS: PQ ethanol extract-induced HepG2G12V apoptosis was analyzed by the MTT assay, fluorescence microscopy, flow cytometry and western blotting. RESULTS: PQ treatment affected cell migration and colony formation in HepG2G12V cells. Cleaved-caspase-3, cleaved-caspase-9 and BCL2 associated agonist of cell death (BAD) expression levels were increased, while the levels of B-cell lymphoma-extra large (Bcl-xL) were decreased with PQ treatment. PQ treatment led to a reduction of H-Ras expression levels in liver cancer cells, thus reducing their abnormal proliferation. Furthermore, it led to increased expression levels of Peroxiredoxin VI, which regulates the redox signal in cells. CONCLUSION: Taken together these results provide a new functional significance for the role of PQ in treating HepG2G12V liver cancer.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/farmacologia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/tratamento farmacológico , Mitocôndrias Hepáticas/efeitos dos fármacos , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas p21(ras)/genética , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Movimento Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Genes ras , Células Hep G2 , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/genética , Neoplasias Hepáticas/metabolismo , Potencial da Membrana Mitocondrial/efeitos dos fármacos , Mitocôndrias Hepáticas/metabolismo , Picrasma/química , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas p21(ras)/biossíntese
10.
Anticancer Res ; 40(8): 4491-4504, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32727779

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Peroxiredoxin II (PRDX2) performs unique roles in cells. It can reduce peroxides through cysteine residues, and helps prevent the effects of oxidative stress on cells. It is closely related to the occurrence and development of various diseases, especially alcoholic liver injury and even liver cancer. The metabolism of alcohol in hepatocytes leads to the increase in the levels of reactive oxygen species (ROS), oxidative stress, injury, and apoptosis. Therefore, this study focused on the investigating the protection conferred by PRDX2 against alcohol-induced apoptosis of hepatocytes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: PRDX2 inhibition of alcohol-induced apoptosis in L02 hepatocytes was analyzed by 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide assay, fluorescence microscopy, flow cytometry, western blotting and hematoxylin and eosin staining. RESULTS: The results showed that the levels of reactive oxygen species, protein kinase B, ß-catenin, B-cell lymphoma-2 (BCL2), BCL-XL, BCL2-associated X, cleaved caspase-3, and cleaved poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase in PRDX2-silenced cells were increased significantly after the treatment of cells with ethanol. Similar results were obtained in an in vivo Prdx2-knockout mouse model of alcoholic liver injury. Therefore, PRDX2 may regulate the phosphorylation of the AKT signal protein by eliminating reactive oxygen species from cells, and it inhibits the downstream mitochondria-dependent apoptosis pathway, and, thereby, the apoptosis of cells. CONCLUSION: Thus, PRDX2 may be a potential molecular target for the prevention and treatment of alcoholic liver injury.


Assuntos
Etanol/efeitos adversos , Hepatócitos/citologia , Peroxirredoxinas/genética , Transdução de Sinais , Apoptose , Linhagem Celular , Regulação da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Inativação Gênica , Hepatócitos/efeitos dos fármacos , Hepatócitos/metabolismo , Humanos , Fosforilação/efeitos dos fármacos , Poli(ADP-Ribose) Polimerases/metabolismo , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/metabolismo , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-bcl-2/metabolismo , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , beta Catenina/metabolismo
11.
In Vivo ; 34(1): 133-141, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31882472

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: Dermal mesenchymal stem cells (DMSCs) are pluripotent stem cells found in the skin which maintain the thickness of the dermal layer and participate in skin wound healing. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The MTT assay was performed to detect cell proliferation and cell-cycle progression and cell-surface markers were assessed by flow cytometry. The levels of proteins in related signaling pathways were detected by western blotting assay and the translocation of ß-catenin into the nucleus were detected by immunofluorescence. Red oil O staining was performed to examine the differentiational ability of DMSCs. RESULTS: Knockout of PRDX2 inhibited DMSC cell growth, and cell-cycle arrest at G0/G1 phase; p16, p21 and cyclin D1 expression levels in Prdx2 knockout DMSCs were significantly increased. Furthermore, AKT phosphorylation were significantly increased in Prdx2 knockout DMSCs, GSK3ß activity were inhibited, result in ß-Catenin accumulated in the nucleus. CONCLUSION: In conclusion, these results demonstrated that PRDX2 plays a pivotal role in regulating the proliferation of DMSCs, and this is closely related to the AKT/glycogen synthase kinase 3 beta/ß-catenin signaling pathway.


Assuntos
Pontos de Checagem do Ciclo Celular/genética , Proliferação de Células/genética , Fase G1/genética , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/patologia , Peroxirredoxinas/genética , Fase de Repouso do Ciclo Celular/genética , Transdução de Sinais/genética , Animais , Apoptose/genética , Linhagem Celular , Glicogênio Sintase Quinase 3 beta/genética , Camundongos , Camundongos Knockout , Fosforilação/genética , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/genética , beta Catenina/genética
12.
Antioxidants (Basel) ; 9(1)2019 Dec 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31861323

RESUMO

Excessive alcohol intake can significantly reduce cognitive function and cause irreversible learning and memory disorders. The brain is particularly vulnerable to alcohol-induced ROS damage; the hippocampus is one of the most sensitive areas of the brain for alcohol neurotoxicity. In the present study, we observed significant increasing of intracellular ROS accumulations in Peroxiredoxin II (Prx II) knockdown HT22 cells, which were induced by alcohol treatments. We also found that the level of ROS in mitochondrial was also increased, resulting in a decrease in the mitochondrial membrane potential. The phosphorylation of GSK3ß (Ser9) and anti-apoptotic protein Bcl2 expression levels were significantly downregulated in Prx II knockdown HT22 cells, which suggests that Prx II knockdown HT22 cells were more susceptible to alcohol-induced apoptosis. Scavenging the alcohol-induced ROS with NAC significantly decreased the intracellular ROS levels, as well as the phosphorylation level of GSK3ß in Prx II knockdown HT22 cells. Moreover, NAC treatment also dramatically restored the mitochondrial membrane potential and the cellular apoptosis in Prx II knockdown HT22 cells. Our findings suggest that Prx II plays a crucial role in alcohol-induced neuronal cell apoptosis by regulating the cellular ROS levels, especially through regulating the ROS-dependent mitochondrial membrane potential. Consequently, Prx II may be a therapeutic target molecule for alcohol-induced neuronal cell death, which is closely related to ROS-dependent mitochondria dysfunction.

13.
In Vivo ; 33(4): 1183-1192, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31280208

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: Peroxiredoxin (Prx) protein family is aberrantly expressed in various cancers including gastric cancer. Among the six family members, Prx V has been known as an antioxidant enzyme which scavenges intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) and modulates cellular apoptosis. This study aimed at investigating the role of Prx V in apoptosis of gastric cancer cells. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Stably constructed Prx V knockdown, over-expression and mock AGS cells (a human gastric adenocarcinoma cell line) were used to study the effect of Prx V on emodin-induced apoptosis by western blotting, cell viability, apoptosis and ROS detection assays. RESULTS: Overexpression of Prx V significantly decreased emodin-induced cellular apoptosis and ROS levels compared to Mock and Prx V knockdown AGS cells. Also, overexpression of Prx V down-regulated the expression of pro-apoptotic proteins, Bad and cleaved PARP, and increased the expression of anti-apoptotic protein, Bcl2. CONCLUSION: Prx V suppresses AGS cell apoptosis via scavenging intracellular ROS and modulating apoptosis-related markers.


Assuntos
Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Apoptose/genética , Emodina/farmacologia , Peroxirredoxinas/genética , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-bcl-2/metabolismo , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Imunofluorescência , Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Peroxirredoxinas/metabolismo , Neoplasias Gástricas/genética , Neoplasias Gástricas/metabolismo
14.
Anticancer Res ; 39(7): 3677-3686, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31262894

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: Peroxiredoxin (Prx) V has been known as an antioxidant enzyme which scavenges intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS). Also, Prx V has been shown to mediate cell apoptosis in various cancers. However, the mechanism of Prx V-induced apoptosis in colon cancer cells remains unknown. Thus, in this study we analyzed the effects of Prx V in ß-lapachone-induced apoptosis in SW480 human colon cancer cells. MATERIALS AND METHODS: ß-lapachone-induced apoptosis was analyzed by the MTT assay, western blotting, fluorescence microscopy, Annexin V staining and flow cytometry. RESULTS: Overexpression of Prx V, significantly decreased ß-lapachone-induced cellular apoptosis and Prx V silencing increased ß-lapachone-induced cellular apoptosis via modulating ROS scavenging activity compared to mock SW480 cells. In addition, to further explore the mechanism of Prx V regulated ß-lapachone-induced SW480 cells apoptosis, the Wnt/ß-catenin signaling was studied. The Wnt/ ß-catenin signaling pathway was found to be induced by ß-lapachone. CONCLUSION: Prx V regulates SW480 cell apoptosis via scavenging ROS cellular levels and mediating the Wnt/ß-catenin signaling pathway, which was induced by ß-lapachone.


Assuntos
Apoptose , Neoplasias do Colo/metabolismo , Naftoquinonas , Peroxirredoxinas/fisiologia , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Via de Sinalização Wnt , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Colo/metabolismo , Humanos
15.
Int J Mol Sci ; 20(11)2019 Jun 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31159489

RESUMO

Alcoholic liver disease (ALD) refers to the damages to the liver and its functions due to alcohol overconsumption. It consists of fatty liver/steatosis, alcoholic hepatitis, steatohepatitis, chronic hepatitis with liver fibrosis or cirrhosis, and hepatocellular carcinoma. However, the mechanisms behind the pathogenesis of alcoholic liver disease are extremely complicated due to the involvement of immune cells, adipose tissues, and genetic diversity. Clinically, the diagnosis of ALD is not yet well developed. Therefore, the number of patients in advanced stages has increased due to the failure of proper early detection and treatment. At present, abstinence and nutritional therapy remain the conventional therapeutic interventions for ALD. Moreover, the therapies which target the TNF receptor superfamily, hormones, antioxidant signals, and MicroRNAs are used as treatments for ALD. In particular, mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are gaining attention as a potential therapeutic target of ALD. Therefore, in this review, we have summarized the current understandings of the pathogenesis and diagnosis of ALD. Moreover, we also discuss the various existing treatment strategies while focusing on promising therapeutic approaches for ALD.


Assuntos
Hepatopatias Alcoólicas/diagnóstico , Hepatopatias Alcoólicas/terapia , Animais , Gerenciamento Clínico , Diagnóstico Precoce , Humanos , Fígado/patologia , Hepatopatias Alcoólicas/patologia , Transplante de Fígado , Terapia de Alvo Molecular
16.
In Vivo ; 33(3): 749-755, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31028193

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) is a major gram-positive pathogen, which can cause toxic and immunogenic injuries both in nosocomial and community-acquired infections. Peroxiredoxin (Prx) I plays crucial roles in cellular apoptosis, proliferation, and signal transduction as well as in immunoregulation. The present study aimed to investigate whether Prx I protects mice from death caused by the heat-killed Staphylococcus aureus. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In the present study, we challenged the wild-type and Prx I-deficient mice with heat-killed S. aureus (HKSA). The effects of Prx I were evaluated by a series of in vitro and in vivo experiments including western blot, Haematoxylin and Eosin staining, splenocyte analysis and cytokines analysis. RESULTS: Intra-peritoneal (ip) inoculation of HKSA resulted in increased mortality of Prx I-knockout (KO) mice with severe liver damage and highly populated spleens with lymphocytes. Furthermore, HKSA infections also bursted the production of both pro-inflammatory and anti-inflammatory serum cytokines in Prx I KO compared to wild-type mice. CONCLUSION: Enhanced mortality of S. aureus-infected mice with Prx I deficiency suggested that Prx I may protect against the infection-associated lethality of mice.


Assuntos
Peroxirredoxinas/imunologia , Infecções Estafilocócicas/imunologia , Infecções Estafilocócicas/microbiologia , Staphylococcus aureus/imunologia , Animais , Apoptose , Biomarcadores , Citocinas/metabolismo , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Técnicas de Inativação de Genes , Fígado/imunologia , Fígado/metabolismo , Fígado/patologia , Camundongos , Mortalidade , Peroxirredoxinas/genética , Infecções Estafilocócicas/mortalidade , Staphylococcus aureus/genética
17.
Mol Med Rep ; 19(3): 1654-1664, 2019 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30592276

RESUMO

Derivatives of 1,4­naphthoquinone have excellent anti­cancer effects, but their use has been greatly limited due to their serious side effects. To develop compounds with decreased side effects and improved anti­cancer activity, two novel types of 1,4­naphthoquinone derivatives, 2,3­dihydro­2,3­epoxy­2­propylsulfonyl­5,8­dimethoxy­1,4­naphthoquinone (EPDMNQ) and 2,3­dihydro­2,3­epoxy­2­nonylsulfonyl­5,8­dimethoxy­1,4­naphthoquinone (ENDMNQ) were synthesized and their anti­tumor activities were investigated. The effects of EPDMNQ and ENDMNQ on cell viability, apoptosis and accumulation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in liver cancer cells were determined by MTT cell viability assay and flow cytometry. The expression levels of mitochondrial, mitogen activated protein kinase (MAPK) and signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) signaling pathway­associated proteins in Hep3B liver cancer cells were analyzed by western blot analysis. The results demonstrated that EPDMNQ and ENDMNQ inhibited the proliferation of liver cancer Hep3B, HepG2, and Huh7 cell lines but not that of normal liver L­02, normal lung IMR­90 and stomach GES­1 cell lines. The number of apoptotic cells and ROS levels were significantly increased following treatment with EPDMNQ and ENDMNQ, and these effects were blocked by the ROS inhibitor N­acetyl­L­cysteine (NAC) in Hep3B cells. EPDMNQ and ENDMNQ induced apoptosis by upregulating the protein expression of p38 MAPK and c­Jun N­terminal kinase and downregulating extracellular signal­regulated kinase and STAT3; these effects were inhibited by NAC. The results of the present study demonstrated that EPDMNQ and ENDMNQ induced apoptosis through ROS­modulated MAPK and STAT3 signaling pathways in Hep3B cells. Therefore, these novel 1,4­naphthoquinone derivatives may be useful as anticancer agents for the treatment of liver cancer.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Hepáticas/tratamento farmacológico , Naftoquinonas/farmacologia , Fator de Transcrição STAT3/genética , Proteínas Quinases p38 Ativadas por Mitógeno/genética , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/genética , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , Sistema de Sinalização das MAP Quinases/efeitos dos fármacos , Mitocôndrias/efeitos dos fármacos , Mitocôndrias/genética , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo
18.
Int J Mol Med ; 43(2): 1067-1075, 2019 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30535477

RESUMO

The present study investigated the mechanisms of apoptosis induced by cryptotanshinone (CT) in human rheumatoid arthritis fibroblast­like synoviocytes (RA­FLSs). Cell Counting kit­8 assay was performed to determine the cytotoxic effects of CT in human RA­FLSs, including primary RA­FLS, HFLS­RA and MH7A cells, and in HFLS cells derived from normal synovial tissue. Annexin V­FITC/PI staining was used to detect the apoptotic effects of CT in HFLS­RA and MH7A cells. Flow cytometry was performed to detect the apoptotic and reactive oxygen species (ROS) levels induced by CT in HFLS­RA cells. Western blotting was used to assess the expression levels of proteins associated with apoptosis and with the mitogen­activated protein kinase (MAPK), protein kinase B (Akt), and signal transducer and activator of transcription­3 (STAT3) signaling pathways. The results demonstrated that CT treatment significantly suppressed HFLS­RA and MH7A cell growth, whereas no clear inhibitory effect was observed in normal HFLS cells. CT exposure downregulated the expression levels of B­cell lymphoma 2 (Bcl­2), p­Akt, p­extracellular signal­related kinase and p­STAT3, while it upregulated the expression levels of Bcl­2­associated death promoter (Bad), caspase­3, poly (ADP­ribose) polymerase (PARP), p­p38 and p­c­Jun N­terminal kinase. Following ROS scavenging, the CT­induced apoptosis and altered expression levels of Bcl­2, Bad, cleaved caspase­3 and cleaved PARP were restored. Furthermore, the Akt, MAPK and STAT3 signaling pathways were regulated by intracellular ROS. These results suggest that ROS­mediated Akt, MAPK and STAT3 signaling pathways serve important roles in the CT­induced apoptosis of RA­FLSs.


Assuntos
Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Artrite Reumatoide/metabolismo , Fenantrenos/farmacologia , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Sinoviócitos/efeitos dos fármacos , Sinoviócitos/metabolismo , Biomarcadores , Ciclo Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Fibroblastos/metabolismo , Humanos , Mitocôndrias/efeitos dos fármacos , Mitocôndrias/metabolismo , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/metabolismo , Fator de Transcrição STAT3/metabolismo
19.
Drug Dev Res ; 79(6): 295-306, 2018 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30222185

RESUMO

Hit, Lead & Candidate Discovery It is reported that 1,4-naphthoquinones and their derivatives have potent antitumor activity in various cancers, although their clinical application is limited by observed side effects. To improve the therapeutic efficacy of naphthoquinones in the treatment of cancer and to reduce side effects, we synthesized a novel naphthoquinone derivative, 2-(naphthalene-2-thio)-5,8-dimethoxy-1,4-naphthoquinone (NTDMNQ). In this study, we explored the effects of NTDMNQ on apoptosis in gastric cancer cells with a focus on reactive oxygen species (ROS) production. Our results demonstrated that NTDMNQ exhibited the cytotoxic effects on gastric cancer cells in a dose-dependent manner. NTDMNQ significantly induced mitochondrial-related apoptosis in AGS cells and increased the accumulation of ROS. However, pre-treatment with N-acetyl-L-cysteine (NAC), an ROS scavenger, inhibited the NTDMNQ-induced apoptosis. In addition, NTDMNQ increased the phosphorylation of p38 kinase and c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) and decreased the phosphorylation of extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK), protein kinase B (Akt), and Signal Transducer and Activator of Transcription 3 (STAT3); these effects were blocked by mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) inhibitor and NAC. Taken together, the present findings indicate that NTDMNQ-induced gastric cancer cell apoptosis via ROS-mediated regulation of the MAPK, Akt, and STAT3 signaling pathways. Therefore, NTDMNQ may be a potential treatment for gastric cancer as well as other tumor types.


Assuntos
1-Naftilamina/análogos & derivados , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Neoplasias Gástricas/tratamento farmacológico , 1-Naftilamina/administração & dosagem , 1-Naftilamina/efeitos adversos , 1-Naftilamina/síntese química , Células Cultivadas , Humanos , Sistema de Sinalização das MAP Quinases , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio , Fator de Transcrição STAT3/metabolismo , Neoplasias Gástricas/metabolismo , Neoplasias Gástricas/patologia
20.
Mol Med Rep ; 18(2): 2427-2432, 2018 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29901182

RESUMO

Peroxiredoxin I (Prx I) plays a role in regulating macrophage proinflammatory cytokine production and gene expression and participates in immune regulation. However, the possible protective role of Prx I in endotoxin­induced lethal shock is poorly understood. In the present study, western blot analysis, ELISA and haematoxylin and eosin staining were performed to examine the protein expression of cytoines and analyses the levels of cytokines in the serum and tissue to evaluate the tissue damage. The present study revealed that lipopolysaccharide (LPS)­induced lethality in Prx I­/­ mice was is accelerated via the observed decreased serum IL­10 levels. Results also demonstrated rapid immune cell infiltration and oxidative stress in the Prx I­/­mice liver after LPS injections. These phenomena increased liver apoptosis through increasing cleaved caspase­3 protein expression in Prx I­/­ mice after LPS injections, resulting in high lethality after LPS challenges. These findings provide a new insight for understanding the function of Prx I against endotoxin­induced injury.


Assuntos
Estresse Oxidativo/genética , Peroxirredoxinas/genética , Choque Séptico/genética , Animais , Apoptose/genética , Caspase 3/genética , Regulação da Expressão Gênica/genética , Humanos , Interleucina-10/sangue , Lipopolissacarídeos/toxicidade , Fígado/efeitos dos fármacos , Fígado/patologia , Macrófagos/metabolismo , Macrófagos/patologia , Camundongos , Camundongos Knockout , Choque Séptico/sangue , Choque Séptico/induzido quimicamente
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