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1.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(35): e16926, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31464929

RESUMO

The femoral neck-preserving ratio is crucial in arthroplasty with a collum femoris-preserving (CFP) stem. The aim of our study was to analyze the relationships between the neck-preserving ratio and the short-term radiologic and clinical outcomes of patients who underwent total-hip arthroplasty (THA) with a CFP stem.The data of 325 hips from January 2015 to December 2016 were retrospectively reviewed. The demographic and radiologic data before and after surgery were obtained from patients. The neck-preserving ratio was defined as the ratio of the preserved femoral neck length to the preoperative femoral neck length. Correlations between the neck-preserving ratio and the radiologic and clinical outcomes of patients were analyzed.The mean neck-preserving ratio was 66.38 ±â€Š6.91% in the current study. We divided patients into 3 groups according to the neck-preserving ratio: group A (neck-preserving ratio ≤60.00%), group B (60.00% < neck-preserving ratio < 70.00%), group C (neck-preserving ratio ≥70.00%). Radiologic features, including the neck-shaft angle ratio (0.96 ±â€Š0.05), canal fill ratio (0.64 ±â€Š0.07), anterior-posterior offset ratio (1.04 ±â€Š0.10), and lateral offset ratio (2.55 ±â€Š1.56) (ratios of the postoperative values to the preoperative values), and the prevalence of complications was significantly different among the groups (χ = 21.173, P < .001). In the correlation analysis, we found a moderate negative correlation between the neck-preserving ratio and neck-shaft angle ratio (r = -0.308, P < .001) and a slight positive correlation of the neck-preserving ratio with the anterior-posterior offset ratio (r = 0.415, P < .001) and the lateral offset ratio (r = 0.164, P = .003). In the linear regression analyses, the neck-preserving ratio was significantly linearly correlated with the neck-shaft angle ratio (B = -0.232, 95% confidence interval [CI] = -0.311 to -0.154, P < .001), anterior-posterior offset ratio (B = 0.589, 95% CI = 0.447-0.730, P < .001), and lateral offset ratio (B = 3.693, 95% CI = 1.256-6.131, P = .003). However, there was no significant linear correlation between the neck-preserving ratio and the canal fill ratio (B = 0.073, 95% CI = -0.033 to 0.180, P = .174). Logistic regression analyses also showed that a sufficient neck-preserving ratio was a protective factor for periprosthetic femoral fractures (odds ratio [OR] = 0.924, 95% CI = 0.859-0.994, P = .035), dislocations (OR = 0.892, 95% CI = 0.796-0.999, P = .048), and thigh pain (OR = 0.886, 95% CI = 0.818-0.960, P = .003).For CFP stems, an insufficient neck-preserving ratio is significantly correlated with poor radiologic and clinical outcomes. Therefore, surgeons should be cognizant to preserve a sufficient femoral neck length during surgery to improve the outcomes for patients undergoing THA with CFP stems.


Assuntos
Artroplastia de Quadril/métodos , Colo do Fêmur/anatomia & histologia , Desenho de Prótese/métodos , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Índice de Massa Corporal , Densidade Óssea , Comorbidade , Feminino , Colo do Fêmur/diagnóstico por imagem , Comportamentos Relacionados com a Saúde , Humanos , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores Sexuais , Fatores Socioeconômicos
2.
J Arthroplasty ; 34(7): 1400-1411, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30956049

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The collum femoris preserving (CFP) stem was a specially designed femoral neck preserving component. The incidence, classification, and risk factors for intraoperative periprosthetic femoral fractures with this special stem remain unclear. METHODS: This was a retrospective study. We analyzed the clinical and radiological data of all patients who underwent primary hip arthroplasty with a CFP stem in our hospital between January 2006 and November 2018. Demographic characteristics and radiological features were obtained from the medical records and the Picture Archiving and Communication System, respectively. The incidence, Vancouver classification, and risk factors for intraoperative periprosthetic femoral fractures were identified. RESULTS: A total of 1633 hips were included. The incidence rate of periprosthetic femoral fractures in patients undergoing total hip arthroplasty with a CFP stem was 3.2%. According to the Vancouver classification, there were 24 patients (45.3%) with Vancouver type A fractures, 27 patients (50.9%) with Vancouver type B fractures, and 2 patients (3.8%) with Vancouver type C fractures. Five independent risk (protective) factors were found, including surgical history (odds ratio [OR] = 3.275, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.192-8.997), neck-shaft angle (OR = 1.104, 95% CI = 1.058-1.152), neck length preserved (OR = 0.913, 95% CI = 0.850-0.980), canal flare index (OR = 0.636, 95% CI = 0.413-0.980), and bone mineral density (OR = 0.083, 95% CI = 0.016-0.417). CONCLUSION: The detailed characteristics of intraoperative periprosthetic femoral fractures in patients who received a CFP stem were identified in this study. Cracks of the femoral neck and fractures on the front side of the proximal femur were more common in patients with CFP stems. As a kind of a femoral neck preserving stem, the anatomical features (eg, neck-shaft angle, preserving length) of the remaining femoral neck might influence the incidence and characteristics of intraoperative periprosthetic femoral fractures in patients with CFP stems.

3.
Technol Health Care ; 2018 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30507595

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Although there are several different kinds of fixation techniques for the sacroiliac fracture-dislocation, the treatment remains a challenge for orthopedic surgeons. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to compare the stability of sacroiliac fracture-dislocation fixed with two iliosacral (IS) screws, tension band plate (TBP), and minimally invasive adjustable plate (MIAP). METHODS: Five human cadavers (L4-pelvic-femora) were used to compare biomechanical stability. The pubic symphysis separation and left sacroiliac dislocation were created. The symphysis pubis was stabilized with a five-hole plate. The sacroiliac joint dislocation fracture was fixed with three kinds of internal fixation in a randomized design. The specimens were fastened in a biomechanical machine with a cycle vertical load. Displacements of the whole specimen and shifts in the fracture gap were recorded. RESULTS: Under different vertical loads, the shifts in the fracture gap and the displacements of the pelvis fixed with MIAP were similar to those in fractures fixed with two IS screws. However, the shifts in the fracture gap and the displacements of the pelvis fixed with MIAP were significantly smaller than those fixed with TBP. CONCLUSIONS: The stability of the sacroiliac joint dislocation fixed with MIAP was similar to that of dislocation fixed with two IS screws, and MIAP performed better than the TBP under vertical load.

4.
J Orthop Surg Res ; 13(1): 152, 2018 Jun 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29914519

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To compare the stability of sacroiliac joint disruption fixed with three kinds of internal fixation using both biomechanical test and finite element analysis. METHODS: Five embalmed specimens of an adult were used. The symphysis pubis rupture and left sacroiliac joint disruption were created. The symphysis pubis was stabilized with a five-hole plate. The sacroiliac joint disruption was fixed with three kinds of internal fixation in a randomized design. Displacements of the whole specimen and shifts in the gap were recorded. Three-dimensional finite element models of the pelvis, the pelvis with symphysis pubis rupture and left sacroiliac joint disruption, and three kinds of internal fixation techniques were created and analyzed. RESULTS: Under the vertical load, the displacements and shifts in the gap of the pelvis fixed with minimally invasive adjustable plate (MIAP) combined with one iliosacral (IS) screw were the smallest, and the average displacements of the pelvis fixed with an anterior plate were the largest one. The differences among them were significant. In finite element analysis and MIAP combined with one IS screw fixation showed relatively best fixation stability and lowest risks of implant failure than two IS screws fixation and anterior plate fixation. CONCLUSION: The stability of sacroiliac joint disruption fixed with MIAP combined with one IS screw is better than that fixed with two IS screws and anterior plate under vertical load.

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