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1.
Psychiatr Danub ; 31(Suppl 3): 217-220, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31488729

RESUMO

A number of lifestyle factors have been recognised to play an important role in positively modifying medical and psychiatric diseases and their associated morbidity and mortality. These include, eating healthy food, greater physical activity, cessation of smoking, avoidance of alcohol and illicit substances. Additional lifestyle factors for healthy living include, safe and peaceful environment, optimal sleep, de-stressing and enjoyable activities, social connections/support and healthy mental activities. Physicians from the ancient times, through the middle ages to the early 20th century have recommended adoption of healthy lifestyle factors such as diet and exercise to manage medical and psychiatric disorders without really understanding their scientific basis. In this short paper, we discuss the important role lifestyle factors play in morbidity and mortality related to many important and common medical and psychiatric diseases. We explore how and if positively modifying lifestyle factors can help to improve and or prevent medical and psychiatric disorders with particular emphasis on food, diet and exercise.


Assuntos
Exercício , Comportamentos Relacionados com a Saúde , Estilo de Vida Saudável , Saúde Mental , Humanos
2.
Psychiatr Danub ; 31(Suppl 3): 242-248, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31488734

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Psychiatrists play a multifaceted and critical role in improving the lives of people with mental illness. However, despite how rewarding, important and thrilling a career in mental health is, there continues to remain a shortage of psychiatrists in Low-, Middle- and High-Income Countries. There has been resurgence in interest in improving the image of psychiatry over recent years and several initiatives have been launched to increase recruitment into the specialty at Sixth Form level in the UK. DESIGN: We conducted a single-arm, pre-post, comparison study with Sixth Form students at an inner-city school in London. Students were invited to complete a survey before and after exposure to an assembly on mental health that was delivered by an Expert by Personal and Professional Experience (EPPE). Our aims were to detect and measure if there were any changes in perceptions of psychiatry and if there was an increase in interest in pursuing this profession as a career in this group. RESULTS: 63 out of 123 participants completed the before and after survey (51% response rate). Following exposure to the assembly, there were statistically significant improvements between the pre- and post- intervention means for, "Psychiatry has a positive impact on peoples' lives" (p value <0.0001), "People with mental illness can achieve success and be the best at what they do" (p value <0.0001) and, "I would consider psychiatry as a career" (p value <0.0001). CONCLUSION: Notwithstanding the limitations of this pilot study, our findings suggest that an assembly on mental health delivered by an EPPE (i.e. 'Wounded Healer') might be effective at increasing interest in psychiatry as a career at Sixth Form level. We suggest that assemblies on mental health and psychiatry be delivered by 'Wounded Healers' in schools and colleges nationwide to help drive recruitment into psychiatry.


Assuntos
Escolha da Profissão , Transtornos Mentais , Saúde Mental/educação , Seleção de Pessoal/métodos , Psiquiatria/educação , Estudantes de Medicina/psicologia , Humanos , Londres , Transtornos Mentais/psicologia , Projetos Piloto , Inquéritos e Questionários
3.
Psychiatr Danub ; 31(Suppl 3): 290-293, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31488742

RESUMO

Mass gatherings occur in different situations and settings around the world. A mass gathering can range in size from thousands to millions and in nature from recreation (i.e. concerts) to religious festivals (i.e. the Hajj pilgrimage). Such mass gatherings can result in high rates of morbidity and mortality from communicable and non-communicable diseases, 'accidents' and, over recent years, terror attacks. Disproportionately lower consideration has been given to the mental health and wellbeing of people during mass gatherings compared to that given to physical health during such events. Hajj is a religious pilgrimage to Mecca in Saudi Arabia that all Muslims are Islamically obliged to fulfil at least once in their lifetime. With up to 3 million pilgrims attending Hajj annually, it has been described as, 'The largest and longest-standing mass gathering event on Earth'. Although Hajj is a spiritual experience that is considered enlightening by many pilgrims, it can also be highly stressful which can have adverse effects on both physical and mental health. Few studies have been published hitherto on the impact that Hajj has on the mental health of pilgrims. This review article provides a narrative summary of studies conducted on Hajj and the relationship that this mass gathering has with the mental health of pilgrims.


Assuntos
Islamismo/psicologia , Saúde Mental , Religião e Psicologia , Viagem/psicologia , Humanos , Arábia Saudita
4.
Psychiatr Danub ; 31(Suppl 3): 294-298, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31488743

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Despite the launching of multiple initiatives to increase recruitment into psychiatry, the profession continues to remain undersubscribed. Studies have shown that teaching on global mental health can improve attitudes toward psychiatry in medical students. To the best of our knowledge, no studies have been published hitherto that evaluate if a brief teaching session (i.e. 60 minutes in duration) on global mental health improves perceptions of psychiatry and increases interest in this specialty as a career. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: We conducted a single-arm, pre- post- comparison study on participants who attended a King's College London Global Health Society event on Global Mental Health. Participants completed a survey before and after exposure to the event. Our aims were to detect and measure if there were any changes in perceptions of psychiatry and if a brief teaching session on global mental health would increase interest in pursuing psychiatry as a career. RESULTS: 71 out of 90 participants responded (77.8% response rate). Following exposure to the event, there were statistically significant improvements in the scores for, "Psychiatry is interesting" (pre-event score 4.41, post-event score 4.66 p value <0.001), "I would talk positively about psychiatry to other people" (pre-event score 4.02, post-event score 4.48 p value <0.00001), and, "I would consider psychiatry as a career" (pre-event score 3.24, post-event score 3.72 p value <0.001). CONCLUSION: The results of our pilot study suggest that a brief lecture on global mental health may improve perceptions of psychiatry and increase interest in this specialty as a career. We recommend that global mental health be introduced into the medical school curriculum since this may help to increase recruitment into psychiatry.


Assuntos
Escolha da Profissão , Saúde Global , Saúde Mental , Psiquiatria/educação , Estudantes de Medicina , Humanos , Londres , Projetos Piloto
5.
Psychiatr Danub ; 31(Suppl 3): 299-307, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31488744

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: There is increasing awareness that Lyme borreliosis (LB) and traumatic brain injury (TBI) may cause mental health symptoms. TBI and Lyme disease compromise the health and activities of millions of patients per year. The chronic symptoms and disability of TBI and Lyme disease share a similar clinical presentation. We have identified an alarming number of individuals suffering from post-concussion syndrome (PCS) that are refractory to care and that have serologically tested positive for Lyme disease. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: A single-center retrospective review of patient charts that were symptomatic a minimum of one year after a TBI that were tested for Lyme disease to ascertain if there was a relationship. RESULTS: 217 PCS patient records (93 females with a mean age of 34 years, 120 males with a mean age of 40 years and 4 individuals with unknown gender) were included in the review. 38% had a positive Western Blot Igenex IgM. There was a statistically significant relationship of a positive Western Blot Igenex IGM predicting chronic PCS Pearson χ2(1)=6.8866, P=0.009, Fisher's exact score p=0.015 and φ=0.2813 representing a moderate effect size. CONCLUSIONS: Long term PCS over one year's duration is associated with undiagnosed Lyme disease. There was statistical and substantive significance between individuals with chronic PCS having a positive Western Blot Igenex IgM. Males were more likely to have a positive Western Blot Igenex IgM than females.


Assuntos
Coinfecção/epidemiologia , Doença de Lyme/epidemiologia , Síndrome Pós-Concussão/epidemiologia , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Prevalência , Estudos Retrospectivos
6.
Psychiatr Danub ; 31(Suppl 3): 308-311, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31488745

RESUMO

Mental health related stigma is a pernicious phenomenon that permeates and pervades our world. As stigma continues to evolve so too must our approach to reduce it. This paper outlines a protocol that leverages the power of virtual contact and digital technology to challenge mental health related stigma in West Bengal, India.


Assuntos
Internet , Saúde Mental , Estigma Social , Estereotipagem , Realidade Virtual , Humanos , Índia , Terapia de Exposição à Realidade Virtual/métodos
7.
Psychiatr Danub ; 31(Suppl 3): 312-317, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31488746

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: A recent study commissioned by the Scottish Government on the prevalence of mental disorders in Muslims in Scotland revealed that over 50% of the sample met the diagnostic criteria for a mental illness. Stigma is a major barrier to mental health services and despite the availability of effective treatment, many Muslims in Scotland with mental health difficulties continue to suffer in silence. The Federation of Student Islamic Societies (FOSIS) Scotland branch organized a mental health conference in Glasgow to improve Mental Health Literacy and challenge mental health related stigma in the Scottish Muslim community. The conference was comprised of: A counsellor with a background of Islamic psychology, a psychiatrist and an Imam (a Muslim religious leader). DESIGN: We conducted a single-arm, pre- post- comparison study on Muslims who attended the FOSIS mental health conference in Glasgow, Scotland. Validated psychometric stigma scales measuring knowledge (Mental Health Knowledge Schedule (MAKS)), attitudes (Community Attitudes towards the Mentally Ill (CAMI)) and behaviours (Reported and Intended Behaviour Scale (RIBS)) were administered on participants before and immediately after exposure to the programme. RESULTS: 34 out of the 55 participants who attended the conference responded (response rate 62%). 34/34 (100%) of the respondents were Muslim and the mean age was 22.7 years (Std. Dev. 6.04, min. 18, max. 49). There were no statistically significant changes in stigma across the domains of knowledge, attitude and behaviour in respondents following exposure to the event. CONCLUSION: Previous FOSIS anti-stigma conferences in England and Ireland featuring an Expert by Lived Experience were associated with statistically significant reductions in mental health related stigma. The results of the FOSIS Glasgow study supports the, 'Power of contact' with an Expert by Lived Experience at reducing mental health related stigma in the Muslim community. More robust research in this area is urgently required.


Assuntos
Islamismo/psicologia , Transtornos Mentais , Saúde Mental/estatística & dados numéricos , Estigma Social , Estudantes , Adolescente , Adulto , Humanos , Transtornos Mentais/psicologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Escócia/epidemiologia , Estereotipagem , Estudantes/psicologia , Adulto Jovem
8.
Psychiatr Danub ; 31(Suppl 3): 318-323, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31488747

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Eye movement pathology can assist in the identification, diagnosis and treatment of mental health disorders. Eye-tracking paradigms have been utilized to provide greater ecological validity, and directly capture the detailed sequence of processes in perception and attention, while quantifying classifiers in mood, anxiety, and psychotic disorders. Saccadic eye movements serve as an endophenotype for various mental health disorders. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Patients suffering from post-concussive syndrome and mental health concerns performed saccadic eye movements that were quantified for amplitude, velocity, latency and accuracy before and after Head-Eye Vestibular Motion therapy (HEVM). RESULTS: HEVM therapy is associated with statistical and substantive significant improvements in mental health and in saccadic metrics. CONCLUSIONS: Oculomotor dysfunction is related to the symptom dimensions of mental health disorders that may be treated with physical rehabilitation modalities. We feel it reasonable to suggest that psychiatrists and others involved in the treatment of mental health disorders quantify eye movements and use them as biomarkers in the evaluation of the outcomes of varied therapies.


Assuntos
Transtornos Mentais/fisiopatologia , Transtornos Mentais/terapia , Movimentos Sacádicos/fisiologia , Atenção/fisiologia , Cabeça/fisiologia , Humanos , Transtornos Mentais/diagnóstico
9.
Psychiatr Danub ; 31(Suppl 3): 324-330, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31488748

RESUMO

Clinical assessment of a patient, monitoring the progress of a condition, and/or titration of a therapy is dependent on the metrological characteristics of diagnostic equipment. While metrological performance of instruments is commonly assessed in research, it is not so often done in clinical practice. Physical rehabilitation applications may benefit individuals with mental health concerns and are associated with an accurate analysis of balance and gait. There is a paucity of published data regarding the metrological characteristics of commonly used clinical instruments used in posturographic measurements. We desired to assess the accuracy, trueness, precision and resolution of four posturography systems that we use clinically in practice: a Bertec BP-5050, a Vestibular Technologies CAPS® Professional and a Vestibular Technologies CAPS® Lite threecomponent balance platforms, and a NeuroCom® Balance Manager SMART EquiTest®. Metrological performance by posturography instruments was recommended in 2013 by the International Standardization Committee for Clinical Stabilometry of the International Society for Posture and Gait Research (ISPGR). Clinical and research findings may be erroneous, or at the least misleading, if the instruments used to make clinical decisions are associated with significant error. We suggest that there is a strong need for posturographic instrumentation with appropriate metrological characteristics used in clinical applications. The ISPRG recommendations appear to be reasonable and appropriate, and our results show they are obtainable. Physical measurements and functional testing used to correlate and design mental health and physical based rehabilitation strategies are often dependent upon the accuracy and metrological integrity of diagnostic instruments used in posturography.


Assuntos
Transtornos Mentais/diagnóstico , Transtornos Mentais/fisiopatologia , Equilíbrio Postural/fisiologia , Postura/fisiologia , Humanos , Saúde Mental
10.
Psychiatr Danub ; 31(Suppl 3): 632-637, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31488805

RESUMO

Gender differences in the prevalence, experiences and presentations of mental illnesses are well-known and are reflected in research findings, clinical practice, society and popular culture. This paper will compare and contrast the role that gender and other factors play in the portrayals of depressive illness in two acclaimed texts, 'The Bell Jar' by Sylvia Plath and, 'Darkness Visible' by William Styron.


Assuntos
Transtorno Depressivo/psicologia , Literatura Moderna , Cultura Popular , Sexismo , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Fatores Sexuais
11.
Psychiatr Danub ; 30(Suppl 7): 616-619, 2018 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30439859

RESUMO

In this paper we identify some of the critical factors that contribute to the ongoing shortage of psychiatrists in the UK. We discuss initiatives that have been launched to try and encourage more medical students and trainee doctors to choose psychiatry as a career. We describe the innovative anti-stigma Wounded Healer programme that was pioneered in the UK with the aim of improving the image of psychiatry and psychiatrists and that was subsequently scaled up and rolled out to over 65,000 medical students and doctors in 14 countries in five continents worldwide. We conclude, with some suggestions that we believe will help recruitment efforts into psychiatry.


Assuntos
Médicos , Psiquiatria , Estigma Social , Estudantes de Medicina , Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde , Escolha da Profissão , Humanos , Psiquiatria/educação , Reino Unido
12.
Front Neurol ; 9: 537, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30026726

RESUMO

Introduction: Children affected by autism spectrum disorder (ASD) often have impairment of social interaction and demonstrate difficulty with emotional communication, display of posture and facial expression, with recognized relationships between postural control mechanisms and cognitive functions. Beside standard biomedical interventions and psychopharmacological treatments, there is increasing interest in the use of alternative non-invasive treatments such as neurofeedback (NFB) that could potentially modulate brain activity resulting in behavioral modification. Methods: Eighty-three ASD subjects were randomized to an Active group receiving NFB using the Mente device and a Control group using a Sham device. Both groups used the device each morning for 45 minutes over a 12 week home based trial without any other clinical interventions. Pre and Post standard ASD questionnaires, qEEG and posturography were used to measure the effectiveness of the treatment. Results: Thirty-four subjects (17 Active and 17 Control) completed the study. Statistically and substantively significant changes were found in several outcome measures for subjects that received the treatment. Similar changes were not detected in the Control group. Conclusions: Our results show that a short 12 week course of NFB using the Mente Autism device can lead to significant changes in brain activity (qEEG), sensorimotor behavior (posturography), and behavior (standardized questionnaires) in ASD children.

13.
Front Neurol ; 8: 414, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28878731

RESUMO

CONTEXT: Approximately 1.8-3.6 million annual traumatic brain injuries occur in the United States. An evidence-based treatment for concussions that is reliable and effective has not been available. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to test whether head-eye vestibular motion (HEVM) therapy is associated with decreased symptoms and increased function in postconcussive syndrome (PCS) patients that have been severely impaired for greater than 6 months after a mild traumatic brain injury. DESIGN: Retrospective clinical chart review. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: Tertiary Specialist Brain Rehabilitation Center. INTERVENTIONS: All subjects underwent comprehensive neurological examinations including measurement of eye and head movement. The seven modules of the C3 Logix Comprehensive Concussion Management System were used for pre- and postmeasurements of outcome of HEVM therapy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We utilized an objective validated measurement of physical and mental health characteristics of our patients before and after a 1-week HEVM rehabilitation program. We included only PCS patients that were disabled from work or school for a period of time exceeding 6 months after suffering a sports concussion. These subjects all were enrolled in a 5-day HEVM rehabilitation program at our Institutional Brain Center with pre- and post-C3 Logix testing outcomes. RESULTS: There were statistical and substantive significant decreases in PCS symptom severity after treatment and statistical and substantive significant increases in standardized assessment of concussion scores. The outcomes were associated with positive changes in mental and physical health issues. This is a retrospective review and no control group has been included in this study. These are major limitations with retrospective reviews and further investigations with prospective designs including a randomized controlled study are necessary to further our understanding. CONCLUSION: Head-eye vestibular motion therapy of 5 days duration is associated with statistical and substantive significant decreases of symptom severity associated with chronic PCS.

14.
Psychiatr Danub ; 29(Suppl 3): 157-163, 2017 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28953757

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The Baqa'a refugee camp is the largest in Jordan, home to some 104,000 Palestine refugees. Barriers to accessing and consuming mental health services in Arab-refugees are well documented in the literature however few studies have been conducted hitherto to identify barriers for Palestine refugees with psychological problems residing in refugee camps in Jordan. AIM: To identify the barriers to accessing and consuming mental health services for Palestine refugees with psychological problems residing in Baqa'a refugee camp in Jordan and to formulate policy recommendations to overcome those barriers. METHODS: 16 qualitative, semi-structured interviews were conducted with healthcare professionals working at health centres for Palestine refugees in Jordan, 14 of which were in health centres at Baqa'a refugee camp and the remaining two at the Field Office of the United Nations Relief and Works Agency (UNRWA) in Amman, Jordan. All the interviews were recorded and transcribed and thematic analyses conducted. Ethical approval was granted by the University of Leeds and UNRWA. RESULTS: 16/16 (100%) respondents reported that resource and financial deficits were the most common barriers that contributed towards the treatment gap. Sex (15/16, (94%)), stigma and religion (12/16, (75%)) and culture (10/16, (63%)) were other major barriers identified. DISCUSSION: Our findings help to elucidate the contributory factors towards the treatment gap between Palestine refugees with psychological problems residing in Baqa'a refugee camp in Jordan and mental health services therein. Policy recommendations based on our results are formulated and are discussed in this research paper.


Assuntos
Acesso aos Serviços de Saúde , Serviços de Saúde Mental , Refugiados , Árabes , Humanos , Jordânia , Campos de Refugiados
15.
Psychiatr Danub ; 29(Suppl 3): 164-172, 2017 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28953758

RESUMO

The rise of radicalisation, the 'demonization' of Muslims in the media and the immigration crisis in Europe have all contributed and colluded to heightened levels of Islamophobia in the West. The stigmatisation of Muslims can and has resulted in negative outcomes in this group such as elevated levels of psychological distress and an increase in hate crime and terrorist attacks perpetrated against Muslims from members of the far right. There are 1.6 billion Muslims on the planet and Islam is the fastest growing religion in the world. Now, more than ever it seems, is a critical time to learn about what the true message of Islam is and who the blessed prophet Muhammad peace be upon him (PBUH) was from reliable and authentic sources. This paper aims to challenge the stigma attached to Muslims through the following means: 1. It contains information to educate people about Islam, debunk myths and challenge negative stereotypes; 2. It utilizes the power of 'story-telling' to engage readers and to equip them with facts and the necessary skills to combat Islamophobia. Part I includes a brief introduction of Islam and concludes with a concise description and evaluation of an anti-Islamophobia programme that was piloted in Cambridge University (UK) and delivered as a Keynote Address at the Carrick Institute for Graduate Studies International Symposium of Clinical Neuroscience in Orlando, (USA). Our hope is that through this initiative we can create a critical mass and inspire and empower people, Muslims and non-Muslims alike to stand in solidarity and collectively challenge extremism in any of its many forms. Our hypothesis is that this will result in better outcomes such as reductions in radicalization and Islamophobia.


Assuntos
Islamismo , Estigma Social , Europa (Continente) , Humanos , Isolamento Social
16.
Psychiatr Danub ; 29(Suppl 3): 173-178, 2017 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28953759

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: On the 22nd May 2017, suicide bomber Salman Abedi detonated an improvised explosive device (IED) in the Manchester Arena killing 22 people and injuring 116 others. Following the 'massacre in Manchester', the leader of the Labour Party, Jeremy Corbyn, linked UK foreign policy with terrorism on British soil. Controversial and contentious though Corbyn's claims may be, the terrorists themselves have also reported that what motivates them to carry out their abominable atrocities are British military operations in Muslim majority countries. Indeed, on the 22nd May 2013, British serviceman, Lee Rigby, was brutally attacked and killed by Michael Adebolajo and Michael Adebowale near the Royal Artillery Barracks in Woolwich, southeast London. The perpetrators of this heinous act told passers-by at the scene that they wanted to avenge the killing of Muslims by the British Armed Forces. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional, mixed-methods study on Muslim perceptions of British combat troops and UK foreign policy. Participants were selected by purposive sampling. We crafted a survey that explored Muslim perceptions of the British military and the government's foreign policy. Response items were on a Likert-scale and there was white space for free text comments which were subjected to thematic analyses. RESULTS: 75/75 (100%) of the participants recruited responded. (75/75 (100%) Muslim participants, 43/75 (57.3%) female participants, 32/75 (42.7%) male participants, mean age 20.5 years, (Std. Dev. ±2.5)). 66/75 (88%) of respondents either agreed or strongly agreed that British military operations in Muslim majority countries have negatively influenced perceptions towards combat troops. 42/75 (56%) of respondents either agreed or strongly agreed that contact with a combat troops or veterans would positively influence their perceptions towards them. Themes of free text comments included the role that the media plays in demonising Muslims, the transcendental bond that Muslims around the world have for each other and 'the brainwashing' of British combat troops by the Government. DISCUSSION: The fact that many of the participants in our sample agreed or strongly agreed that social contact with service personnel or veterans would positively influence perceptions towards them is encouraging. The results of our survey lend support for future intervention studies investigating whether contact between Muslims residing in the UK and British combat troops would promote unity and community cohesion.


Assuntos
Islamismo , Militares , Suicídio , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Percepção , Adulto Jovem
17.
Psychiatr Danub ; 29(Suppl 3): 196-202, 2017 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28953763

RESUMO

Although psychotropic drugs have been hailed as, 'One of the success stories of modern psychiatry' the prescribing of these medicines has not been without commotion, concern and controversy. Moreover, the President of the World Psychiatry Association Professor Dinesh Bhugra and colleagues, after conducting a recent large-scale study (n=25,522) on psychiatric morbidity in the UK, collectively issued the clarion call that, 'The mental health of the nation was unlikely to be improved by treatment with psychotropic medication alone'. The provision of mental healthcare services may likely benefit from a holistic approach that includes a variety of treatment options that prioritizes patient safety and preference. The performing arts is gaining popularity among service users as an adjunctive form of treatment for mental illness. There is a growing body of evidence that provisionally supports the claim that art therapy, 'Possesses the power to heal psychological wounds'. The North American Drama Therapy Association defines drama therapy as, 'The intentional use of drama and/or theatre processes to achieve therapeutic goals' and that it is 'active and experiential'. This review article discusses and describes the merits of dramatherapy and how this treatment modality can contribute to a patient's recovery from psychological distress.


Assuntos
Drama , Transtornos Mentais , Psiquiatria , Terapia pela Arte , Humanos , Transtornos Mentais/terapia , Saúde Mental , Psicotrópicos
18.
Psychiatr Danub ; 29(Suppl 3): 279-284, 2017 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28953778

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Mental health problems are common in Muslim communities however due to fear of exposure to stigmatization many people in this group continue to suffer in silence despite the availability of effective treatment. The Federation of Student Islamic Societies (FOSIS) organized the first ever Muslim mental health conference in Ireland to challenge the stigma attached to mental health problems in Muslims and to encourage care seeking in this group. As far as the authors are aware there are no intervention studies on mental health stigma in Muslim communities reported in the literature. DESIGN: We conducted a single arm, pre-post comparison study on Muslims who attended the FOSIS mental health conference in University College Dublin, Ireland. Validated stigma scales measuring knowledge (Mental Health Knowledge Schedule (MAKS)), attitudes (Community Attitudes towards the Mentally Ill (CAMI)) and behaviour (Reported and Intended Behaviour Scale (RIBS)) were administered on participants before exposure to the programme and immediately afterwards. RESULTS: 18/150 (12%) of participants completed the pre-post RIBS scale and pre-post MAKS scale and 16/150 (10.5%) of participants completed the pre-post CAMI scale. There were statistically significant differences in the pre-RIBS score compared to the post-RIBS score (p=0.0262) and the pre-MAKS score compared to the post-MAKS score (p=0.0003) but not in the pre-CAMI score compared to the post-CAMI score (p=0.6214). DISCUSSION: To the best of our knowledge, the FOSIS Dublin Study is the first intervention study on mental health stigma in Muslim communities to be published. The results of our study provide provisional support that a 'bespoke' Muslim mental health conference comprised of talks and workshops by experts in mental health, scholars in Islam and a lecture delivered by a Muslim with first-hand experience of a mental health problem are associated with reductions in stigma. More robust research with a longitudinal study design, larger sample sizes and a control group are needed to determine if such events can cause a sustained reduction in mental health stigma in Muslim communities.


Assuntos
Islamismo , Transtornos Mentais , Saúde Mental , Estigma Social , Humanos , Irlanda , Estudos Longitudinais , Estudantes , Inquéritos e Questionários
19.
Psychiatr Danub ; 29(Suppl 3): 300-306, 2017 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28953782

RESUMO

AIMS: To conduct a pilot study on a motion picture based, anti-stigma programme entitled, "The Wounded Healer film" to measure if it is associated with any changes in stigma variables in healthcare students and if it encouraged care seeking in this group. BACKGROUND: The 2008 Stigma Shout Survey of almost 4000 people using mental health services and carers revealed that healthcare professionals are a common source of stigma reported by people with mental illness. Psychological problems are common in medical students and doctors, however, thelevel of care seeking in this group is low. Fear of exposure to stigmatization is a crucial barrier to accessing and using mental health services. Recent research has revealed that film-based interventions can be used to challenge mental health stigma and encourage care seeking. METHODS: We conducted a single-arm, pre-post comparison study on students who attended the Wounded Healer film at a University College London Psychiatry Society event (n=11). Before and after exposure to the film, students were asked to complete validated stigma scales that measured mental health-related knowledge, attitudes and behaviours. Responses were on a Likert scale and participants also provided free free-text comments which were subjected to thematic analyses. RESULTS: There was a statistically significant difference in the mental health-related knowledge pre-intervention score compared to the post-intervention score (p=0.0322). All participants either strongly agreed or agreed with the post-evaluation statement, "I feel inspired to raise awareness of the importance of mental health and to take action to challenge stigma." CONCLUSION: This pilot study provides provisional support that The Wounded Healer film may be associated with reductions in stigma variables in healthcare students and encourage them to seek care for their own psychological problems. More robust research in this area is needed before we can scale up such an initiative.


Assuntos
Transtornos Mentais , Saúde Mental , Filmes Cinematográficos , Psiquiatria , Humanos , Londres , Projetos Piloto , Estigma Social , Universidades
20.
Psychiatr Danub ; 29(Suppl 3): 307-312, 2017 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28953783

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: There is a preponderance of mental health problems in students on a global scale which can have a considerable effect on their academic performance and a profound impact on their quality of life. Many universities offer free counselling services however despite this a recent study in the US revealed that up to 84% of students who screened positive for depression or anxiety did not receive any treatment. There are many obstacles that students with mental health problems encounter that prevents them from receiving care, foremost among these is stigma. Film based interventions are showing promise at challenging stigma which can subsequently lower the barriers to accessing and using mental health services for students who need them. DESIGN: We conducted a single-arm, pre-post comparison study on arts students from the London College of Communication. Participants were exposed to the Wounded Healer film, a motion picture featuring a protagonist who is a doctor with first-hand experience of psychological distress. Validated stigma scales on knowledge (Mental Health Knowledge Schedule (MAKS)), behaviour (Reported and Intended Behaviour Scale (RIBS)) and attitudes (Community Attitudes towards the Mentally Ill (CAMI)) were administered on participants before and immediately after exposure to the intervention. RESULTS: 21/28 (78%) of the participants recruited for the study responded. The mean age of respondents was 22 years (Std. Dev 2.20). There was an increase in the MAKS score after students viewed the Wounded Healer film indicating lower levels of stigma in mental health knowledge however this change was not statistically significant. DISCUSSION: A previous study on the Wounded Healer film demonstrated a reduction in stigma among healthcare students. The results of this pilot study, however, suggest that a film featuring a protagonist who is not from the same background as the audience may not be effective at reducing mental health stigma in that group. This is consistent with the results of recent research that revealed that an anti-stigma intervention that is effective in one group may not necessarily be effective in other groups. Our findings, however, must be interpreted with caution due to the limitations of this study. Future research with a prospective study design, a larger sample size and a control group exposed to a film with a protagonist who shares the same background as the audience is needed.


Assuntos
Transtornos Mentais , Saúde Mental , Filmes Cinematográficos , Estigma Social , Adulto , Humanos , Londres , Projetos Piloto , Estudos Prospectivos , Qualidade de Vida , Universidades , Adulto Jovem
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