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1.
J Am Coll Cardiol ; 74(9): 1177-1186, 2019 Sep 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31466614

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) and history of coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) are at high risk for recurrent cardiovascular events and death. OBJECTIVES: This study sought to determine the clinical benefit of adding alirocumab to statins in ACS patients with prior CABG in a pre-specified analysis of ODYSSEY OUTCOMES (Evaluation of Cardiovascular Outcomes After an Acute Coronary Syndrome During Treatment With Alirocumab). METHODS: Patients (n = 18,924) 1 to 12 months post-ACS with elevated atherogenic lipoprotein levels despite high-intensity statin therapy were randomized to alirocumab or placebo subcutaneously every 2 weeks. Median follow-up was 2.8 years. The primary composite endpoint of major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE) comprised coronary heart disease death, nonfatal myocardial infarction, ischemic stroke, or unstable angina requiring hospitalization. All-cause death was a secondary endpoint. Patients were categorized by CABG status: no CABG (n = 16,896); index CABG after qualifying ACS, but before randomization (n = 1,025); or CABG before the qualifying ACS (n = 1,003). RESULTS: In each CABG category, hazard ratios (95% confidence intervals) for MACE (no CABG 0.86 [0.78 to 0.95], index CABG 0.85 [0.54 to 1.35], prior CABG 0.77 [0.61 to 0.98]) and death (0.88 [0.75 to 1.03], 0.85 [0.46 to 1.59], 0.67 [0.44 to 1.01], respectively) were consistent with the overall trial results (0.85 [0.78 to 0.93] and 0.85 [0.73 to 0.98], respectively). Absolute risk reductions (95% confidence intervals) differed across CABG categories for MACE (no CABG 1.3% [0.5% to 2.2%], index CABG 0.9% [-2.3% to 4.0%], prior CABG 6.4% [0.9% to 12.0%]) and for death (0.4% [-0.1% to 1.0%], 0.5% [-1.9% to 2.9%], and 3.6% [0.0% to 7.2%]). CONCLUSIONS: Among patients with recent ACS and elevated atherogenic lipoproteins despite intensive statin therapy, alirocumab was associated with large absolute reductions in MACE and death in those with CABG preceding the ACS event. (ODYSSEY OUTCOMES: Evaluation of Cardiovascular Outcomes After an Acute Coronary Syndrome During Treatment With Alirocumab; NCT01663402).

2.
Lancet Diabetes Endocrinol ; 7(8): 618-628, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31272931

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: After acute coronary syndrome, diabetes conveys an excess risk of ischaemic cardiovascular events. A reduction in mean LDL cholesterol to 1·4-1·8 mmol/L with ezetimibe or statins reduces cardiovascular events in patients with an acute coronary syndrome and diabetes. However, the efficacy and safety of further reduction in LDL cholesterol with an inhibitor of proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9 (PCSK9) after acute coronary syndrome is unknown. We aimed to explore this issue in a prespecified analysis of the ODYSSEY OUTCOMES trial of the PCSK9 inhibitor alirocumab, assessing its effects on cardiovascular outcomes by baseline glycaemic status, while also assessing its effects on glycaemic measures including risk of new-onset diabetes. METHODS: ODYSSEY OUTCOMES was a randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial, done at 1315 sites in 57 countries, that compared alirocumab with placebo in patients who had been admitted to hospital with an acute coronary syndrome (myocardial infarction or unstable angina) 1-12 months before randomisation and who had raised concentrations of atherogenic lipoproteins despite use of high-intensity statins. Patients were randomly assigned (1:1) to receive alirocumab or placebo every 2 weeks; randomisation was stratified by country and was done centrally with an interactive voice-response or web-response system. Alirocumab was titrated to target LDL cholesterol concentrations of 0·65-1·30 mmol/L. In this prespecified analysis, we investigated the effect of alirocumab on cardiovascular events by glycaemic status at baseline (diabetes, prediabetes, or normoglycaemia)-defined on the basis of patient history, review of medical records, or baseline HbA1c or fasting serum glucose-and risk of new-onset diabetes among those without diabetes at baseline. The primary endpoint was a composite of death from coronary heart disease, non-fatal myocardial infarction, fatal or non-fatal ischaemic stroke, or unstable angina requiring hospital admission. ODYSSEY OUTCOMES is registered with ClinicalTrials.gov, number NCT01663402. FINDINGS: At study baseline, 5444 patients (28·8%) had diabetes, 8246 (43·6%) had prediabetes, and 5234 (27·7%) had normoglycaemia. There were no significant differences across glycaemic categories in median LDL cholesterol at baseline (2·20-2·28 mmol/L), after 4 months' treatment with alirocumab (0·80 mmol/L), or after 4 months' treatment with placebo (2·25-2·28 mmol/L). In the placebo group, the incidence of the primary endpoint over a median of 2·8 years was greater in patients with diabetes (16·4%) than in those with prediabetes (9·2%) or normoglycaemia (8·5%); hazard ratio (HR) for diabetes versus normoglycaemia 2·09 (95% CI 1·78-2·46, p<0·0001) and for diabetes versus prediabetes 1·90 (1·65-2·17, p<0·0001). Alirocumab resulted in similar relative reductions in the incidence of the primary endpoint in each glycaemic category, but a greater absolute reduction in the incidence of the primary endpoint in patients with diabetes (2·3%, 95% CI 0·4 to 4·2) than in those with prediabetes (1·2%, 0·0 to 2·4) or normoglycaemia (1·2%, -0·3 to 2·7; absolute risk reduction pinteraction=0·0019). Among patients without diabetes at baseline, 676 (10·1%) developed diabetes in the placebo group, compared with 648 (9·6%) in the alirocumab group; alirocumab did not increase the risk of new-onset diabetes (HR 1·00, 95% CI 0·89-1·11). HRs were 0·97 (95% CI 0·87-1·09) for patients with prediabetes and 1·30 (95% CI 0·93-1·81) for those with normoglycaemia (pinteraction=0·11). INTERPRETATION: After a recent acute coronary syndrome, alirocumab treatment targeting an LDL cholesterol concentration of 0·65-1·30 mmol/L produced about twice the absolute reduction in cardiovascular events among patients with diabetes as in those without diabetes. Alirocumab treatment did not increase the risk of new-onset diabetes. FUNDING: Sanofi and Regeneron Pharmaceuticals.

3.
Circulation ; 140(2): 103-112, 2019 Jul 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31117810

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Previous trials of PCSK9 (proprotein convertase subtilisin-kexin type 9) inhibitors demonstrated reductions in major adverse cardiovascular events, but not death. We assessed the effects of alirocumab on death after index acute coronary syndrome. METHODS: ODYSSEY OUTCOMES (Evaluation of Cardiovascular Outcomes After an Acute Coronary Syndrome During Treatment With Alirocumab) was a double-blind, randomized comparison of alirocumab or placebo in 18 924 patients who had an ACS 1 to 12 months previously and elevated atherogenic lipoproteins despite intensive statin therapy. Alirocumab dose was blindly titrated to target achieved low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) between 25 and 50 mg/dL. We examined the effects of treatment on all-cause death and its components, cardiovascular and noncardiovascular death, with log-rank testing. Joint semiparametric models tested associations between nonfatal cardiovascular events and cardiovascular or noncardiovascular death. RESULTS: Median follow-up was 2.8 years. Death occurred in 334 (3.5%) and 392 (4.1%) patients, respectively, in the alirocumab and placebo groups (hazard ratio [HR], 0.85; 95% CI, 0.73 to 0.98; P=0.03, nominal P value). This resulted from nonsignificantly fewer cardiovascular (240 [2.5%] vs 271 [2.9%]; HR, 0.88; 95% CI, 0.74 to 1.05; P=0.15) and noncardiovascular (94 [1.0%] vs 121 [1.3%]; HR, 0.77; 95% CI, 0.59 to 1.01; P=0.06) deaths with alirocumab. In a prespecified analysis of 8242 patients eligible for ≥3 years follow-up, alirocumab reduced death (HR, 0.78; 95% CI, 0.65 to 0.94; P=0.01). Patients with nonfatal cardiovascular events were at increased risk for cardiovascular and noncardiovascular deaths ( P<0.0001 for the associations). Alirocumab reduced total nonfatal cardiovascular events ( P<0.001) and thereby may have attenuated the number of cardiovascular and noncardiovascular deaths. A post hoc analysis found that, compared to patients with lower LDL-C, patients with baseline LDL-C ≥100 mg/dL (2.59 mmol/L) had a greater absolute risk of death and a larger mortality benefit from alirocumab (HR, 0.71; 95% CI, 0.56 to 0.90; Pinteraction=0.007). In the alirocumab group, all-cause death declined with achieved LDL-C at 4 months of treatment, to a level of approximately 30 mg/dL (adjusted P=0.017 for linear trend). CONCLUSIONS: Alirocumab added to intensive statin therapy has the potential to reduce death after acute coronary syndrome, particularly if treatment is maintained for ≥3 years, if baseline LDL-C is ≥100 mg/dL, or if achieved LDL-C is low. CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION: URL: https://www.clinicaltrials.gov . Unique identifier: NCT01663402.

4.
Eur Heart J ; 40(33): 2801-2809, 2019 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31121022

RESUMO

AIMS : The third Universal Definition of Myocardial Infarction (MI) Task Force classified MIs into five types: Type 1, spontaneous; Type 2, related to oxygen supply/demand imbalance; Type 3, fatal without ascertainment of cardiac biomarkers; Type 4, related to percutaneous coronary intervention; and Type 5, related to coronary artery bypass surgery. Low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) reduction with statins and proprotein convertase subtilisin-kexin Type 9 (PCSK9) inhibitors reduces risk of MI, but less is known about effects on types of MI. ODYSSEY OUTCOMES compared the PCSK9 inhibitor alirocumab with placebo in 18 924 patients with recent acute coronary syndrome (ACS) and elevated LDL-C (≥1.8 mmol/L) despite intensive statin therapy. In a pre-specified analysis, we assessed the effects of alirocumab on types of MI. METHODS AND RESULTS : Median follow-up was 2.8 years. Myocardial infarction types were prospectively adjudicated and classified. Of 1860 total MIs, 1223 (65.8%) were adjudicated as Type 1, 386 (20.8%) as Type 2, and 244 (13.1%) as Type 4. Few events were Type 3 (n = 2) or Type 5 (n = 5). Alirocumab reduced first MIs [hazard ratio (HR) 0.85, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.77-0.95; P = 0.003], with reductions in both Type 1 (HR 0.87, 95% CI 0.77-0.99; P = 0.032) and Type 2 (0.77, 0.61-0.97; P = 0.025), but not Type 4 MI. CONCLUSION : After ACS, alirocumab added to intensive statin therapy favourably impacted on Type 1 and 2 MIs. The data indicate for the first time that a lipid-lowering therapy can attenuate the risk of Type 2 MI. Low-density lipoprotein cholesterol reduction below levels achievable with statins is an effective preventive strategy for both MI types.

5.
J Am Coll Cardiol ; 74(9): 1167-1176, 2019 Sep 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30898609

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) and concomitant noncoronary atherosclerosis have a high risk of major adverse cardiovascular events (MACEs) and death. The impact of lipid lowering by proprotein convertase subtilisin-kexin type 9 inhibition in such patients is undetermined. OBJECTIVES: This pre-specified analysis from ODYSSEY OUTCOMES (Evaluation of Cardiovascular Outcomes After an Acute Coronary Syndrome During Treatment With Alirocumab) determined whether polyvascular disease influenced risks of MACEs and death and their modification by alirocumab in patients with recent ACS and dyslipidemia despite intensive statin therapy. METHODS: Patients were randomized to alirocumab or placebo 1 to 12 months after ACS. The primary MACEs endpoint was the composite of coronary heart disease death, nonfatal myocardial infarction, fatal or nonfatal ischemic stroke, or unstable angina requiring hospitalization. All-cause death was a secondary endpoint. RESULTS: Median follow-up was 2.8 years. Of 18,924 patients, 17,370 had monovascular (coronary) disease, 1,405 had polyvascular disease in 2 beds (coronary and peripheral artery or cerebrovascular), and 149 had polyvascular disease in 3 beds (coronary, peripheral artery, cerebrovascular). With placebo, the incidence of MACEs by respective vascular categories was 10.0%, 22.2%, and 39.7%. With alirocumab, the corresponding absolute risk reduction was 1.4% (95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.6% to 2.3%), 1.9% (95% CI: -2.4% to 6.2%), and 13.0% (95% CI: -2.0% to 28.0%). With placebo, the incidence of death by respective vascular categories was 3.5%, 10.0%, and 21.8%; the absolute risk reduction with alirocumab was 0.4% (95% CI: -0.1% to 1.0%), 1.3% (95% CI: -1.8% to 4.3%), and 16.2% (95% CI: 5.5% to 26.8%). CONCLUSIONS: In patients with recent ACS and dyslipidemia despite intensive statin therapy, polyvascular disease is associated with high risks of MACEs and death. The large absolute reductions in those risks with alirocumab are a potential benefit for these patients. (Evaluation of Cardiovascular Outcomes After an Acute Coronary Syndrome During Treatment With Alirocumab [ODYSSEY OUTCOMES]: NCT01663402).

6.
J Am Coll Cardiol ; 2018 Oct 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30428396

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The ODYSSEY OUTCOMES trial compared alirocumab with placebo, added to high-intensity or maximum tolerated statin treatment, after acute coronary syndrome (ACS) in 18,924 patients. Alirocumab reduced the first occurrence of the primary composite endpoint and was associated with fewer all-cause deaths. OBJECTIVES: This pre-specified analysis determined the extent to which alirocumab reduced total (first and subsequent) nonfatal cardiovascular events and all-cause deaths in ODYSSEY OUTCOMES. METHODS: Hazard functions for total nonfatal cardiovascular events (myocardial infarction, stroke, ischemia-driven coronary revascularization, and hospitalization for unstable angina or heart failure) and death were jointly estimated, linked by a shared frailty accounting for patient risk heterogeneity and correlated within-patient nonfatal events. An association parameter also quantified the strength of the linkage between risk of nonfatal events and death. The model provides accurate relative estimates of nonfatal event risk if nonfatal events are associated with increased risk for death. RESULTS: With 3,064 first and 5,425 total events, 190 fewer first and 385 fewer total nonfatal cardiovascular events or deaths were observed with alirocumab compared with placebo. Alirocumab reduced total nonfatal cardiovascular events (hazard ratio 0.87, 95% confidence interval 0.82 to 0.93) and death (hazard ratio 0.83, 95% confidence interval 0.71 to 0.97) in the presence of a strong association between nonfatal and fatal event risk. CONCLUSIONS: In patients with ACS, the total number of nonfatal cardiovascular events and deaths prevented with alirocumab was twice the number of first events prevented. Consequently, total event reduction is a more comprehensive metric to capture the totality of alirocumab clinical efficacy after ACS.

7.
N Engl J Med ; 379(22): 2097-2107, 2018 11 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30403574

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Patients who have had an acute coronary syndrome are at high risk for recurrent ischemic cardiovascular events. We sought to determine whether alirocumab, a human monoclonal antibody to proprotein convertase subtilisin-kexin type 9 (PCSK9), would improve cardiovascular outcomes after an acute coronary syndrome in patients receiving high-intensity statin therapy. METHODS: We conducted a multicenter, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial involving 18,924 patients who had an acute coronary syndrome 1 to 12 months earlier, had a low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol level of at least 70 mg per deciliter (1.8 mmol per liter), a non-high-density lipoprotein cholesterol level of at least 100 mg per deciliter (2.6 mmol per liter), or an apolipoprotein B level of at least 80 mg per deciliter, and were receiving statin therapy at a high-intensity dose or at the maximum tolerated dose. Patients were randomly assigned to receive alirocumab subcutaneously at a dose of 75 mg (9462 patients) or matching placebo (9462 patients) every 2 weeks. The dose of alirocumab was adjusted under blinded conditions to target an LDL cholesterol level of 25 to 50 mg per deciliter (0.6 to 1.3 mmol per liter). The primary end point was a composite of death from coronary heart disease, nonfatal myocardial infarction, fatal or nonfatal ischemic stroke, or unstable angina requiring hospitalization. RESULTS: The median duration of follow-up was 2.8 years. A composite primary end-point event occurred in 903 patients (9.5%) in the alirocumab group and in 1052 patients (11.1%) in the placebo group (hazard ratio, 0.85; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.78 to 0.93; P<0.001). A total of 334 patients (3.5%) in the alirocumab group and 392 patients (4.1%) in the placebo group died (hazard ratio, 0.85; 95% CI, 0.73 to 0.98). The absolute benefit of alirocumab with respect to the composite primary end point was greater among patients who had a baseline LDL cholesterol level of 100 mg or more per deciliter than among patients who had a lower baseline level. The incidence of adverse events was similar in the two groups, with the exception of local injection-site reactions (3.8% in the alirocumab group vs. 2.1% in the placebo group). CONCLUSIONS: Among patients who had a previous acute coronary syndrome and who were receiving high-intensity statin therapy, the risk of recurrent ischemic cardiovascular events was lower among those who received alirocumab than among those who received placebo. (Funded by Sanofi and Regeneron Pharmaceuticals; ODYSSEY OUTCOMES ClinicalTrials.gov number, NCT01663402 .).

8.
J Am Heart Assoc ; 5(6)2016 06 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27287699

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Alirocumab undergoes target-mediated clearance via binding of proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9 (PCSK9). Statins increase PCSK9 levels; the effects of nonstatin lipid-lowering therapies are unclear. Every-4-weeks dosing of alirocumab may be appropriate for some patients in absence of background statin but is not yet approved. METHODS AND RESULTS: Low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), PCSK9, and alirocumab levels were assessed in subjects (LDL-C >130 mg/dL, n=24/group) after a 4-week run-in taking oral ezetimibe, fenofibrate, or ezetimibe placebo, when alirocumab 150 mg every 4 weeks (days 1, 29, and 57) was added. Maximal mean LDL-C reductions from day -1 baseline (prealirocumab) occurred on day 71 in all groups: alirocumab plus placebo, 47.4%; alirocumab plus ezetimibe, 56.6%; and alirocumab plus fenofibrate, 54.3%. LDL-C reductions were sustained through day 85 with alirocumab plus placebo (47.0%); the duration of effect was slightly diminished at day 85 versus day 71 with ezetimibe (49.6%) or fenofibrate combinations (43.2%). Free PCSK9 concentrations were lowest at day 71 in all groups, then increased over time; by day 85, free PCSK9 concentrations were higher, and alirocumab levels lower, with alirocumab plus fenofibrate, and to a lesser extent alirocumab plus ezetimibe, versus alirocumab plus placebo. CONCLUSIONS: Alirocumab 150 mg every 4 weeks produced maximal LDL-C reductions of 47% in combination with placebo and 54% to 57% in combination with ezetimibe or fenofibrate. The oral lipid-lowering therapies appear to increase PCSK9 levels, leading to increased alirocumab clearance. Although the duration of effect was modestly diminished with alirocumab plus ezetimibe/fenofibrate versus placebo, the effect was less than observed in trials with background statins, and it would not preclude the use of alirocumab every 4 weeks in patients taking these nonstatin lipid-lowering therapies concomitantly. CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION: URL: http://www.Clinicaltrials.gov. Unique identifier: NCT01723735.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Monoclonais/farmacologia , Anticolesterolemiantes/farmacologia , LDL-Colesterol/metabolismo , Fenofibrato/administração & dosagem , Hipercolesterolemia/tratamento farmacológico , Pró-Proteína Convertase 9/metabolismo , Administração Oral , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Anticorpos Monoclonais/administração & dosagem , Anticorpos Monoclonais/farmacocinética , Anticorpos Monoclonais/uso terapêutico , Anticolesterolemiantes/administração & dosagem , Anticolesterolemiantes/farmacocinética , Anticolesterolemiantes/uso terapêutico , Método Duplo-Cego , Quimioterapia Combinada , Ezetimiba/administração & dosagem , Feminino , Humanos , Inibidores de Hidroximetilglutaril-CoA Redutases/uso terapêutico , Hipercolesterolemia/sangue , Hipolipemiantes/administração & dosagem , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pró-Proteína Convertase 9/efeitos dos fármacos , Adulto Jovem
9.
Lipids Health Dis ; 15: 28, 2016 Feb 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26872608

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The effect of alirocumab on potentially atherogenic lipoprotein subfractions was assessed in a post hoc analysis using the vertical auto profile (VAP) method. METHODS: Patients from three Phase II studies with low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) ≥ 2.59 mmol/L (100 mg/dL) at baseline on stable statin therapy were randomised to receive subcutaneous alirocumab 50-150 mg every 2 weeks (Q2W) or 150-300 mg every 4 weeks (according to study) or placebo for 8-12 weeks. Samples from patients treated with alirocumab 150 mg Q2W (n = 74; dose common to all three trials) or placebo (n = 71) were analysed by VAP. Percent change in lipoprotein subfractions with alirocumab vs. placebo was analysed at Weeks 6, 8 or 12 using analysis of covariance. RESULTS: Alirocumab significantly reduced LDL-C and the cholesterol content of subfractions LDL1, LDL2 and LDL3+4. Significant reductions were also observed in triglycerides, apolipoproteins CII and CIII and the cholesterol content of very low-density, intermediate-density, and remnant lipoproteins. CONCLUSION: Alirocumab achieved reductions across a spectrum of atherogenic lipoproteins in patients receiving background statin therapy. TRIAL REGISTRATION: Clinicaltrials.gov identifiers: NCT01288443, NCT01288469, NCT01266876.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Monoclonais/uso terapêutico , Lipoproteínas/sangue , Adulto , LDL-Colesterol , Método Duplo-Cego , Feminino , Humanos , Hipercolesterolemia/sangue , Hipercolesterolemia/tratamento farmacológico , Metabolismo dos Lipídeos/efeitos dos fármacos , Lipoproteínas HDL/sangue , Lipoproteínas VLDL/sangue , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Triglicerídeos/sangue
10.
Atherosclerosis ; 244: 138-46, 2016 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26638010

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To compare lipid-lowering efficacy of adding alirocumab to rosuvastatin versus other treatment strategies (NCT01730053). METHODS: Patients receiving baseline rosuvastatin regimens (10 or 20 mg) were randomized to: add-on alirocumab 75 mg every-2-weeks (Q2W) (1-mL subcutaneous injection via pre-filled pen); add-on ezetimibe 10 mg/day; or double-dose rosuvastatin. Patients had cardiovascular disease (CVD) and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) ≥70 mg/dL (1.8 mmol/L) or CVD risk factors and LDL-C ≥100 mg/dL (2.6 mmol/L). In the alirocumab group, dose was blindly increased at Week 12 to 150 mg Q2W (also 1-mL volume) in patients not achieving their LDL-C target. Primary endpoint was percent change in calculated LDL-C from baseline to 24 weeks (intent-to-treat). RESULTS: 305 patients were randomized. In the baseline rosuvastatin 10 mg group, significantly greater LDL-C reductions were observed with add-on alirocumab (-50.6%) versus ezetimibe (-14.4%; p < 0.0001) and double-dose rosuvastatin (-16.3%; p < 0.0001). In the baseline rosuvastatin 20 mg group, LDL-C reduction with add-on alirocumab was -36.3% compared with -11.0% with ezetimibe and -15.9% with double-dose rosuvastatin (p = 0.0136 and 0.0453, respectively; pre-specified threshold for significance p < 0.0125). Overall, ∼80% alirocumab patients were maintained on 75 mg Q2W. Of alirocumab-treated patients, 84.9% and 66.7% in the baseline rosuvastatin 10 and 20 mg groups, respectively, achieved risk-based LDL-C targets. Treatment-emergent adverse events occurred in 56.3% of alirocumab patients versus 53.5% ezetimibe and 67.3% double-dose rosuvastatin (pooled data). CONCLUSIONS: The addition of alirocumab to rosuvastatin provided incremental LDL-C lowering versus adding ezetimibe or doubling the rosuvastatin dose.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Monoclonais/administração & dosagem , Doenças Cardiovasculares/prevenção & controle , LDL-Colesterol/sangue , Ezetimiba/administração & dosagem , Hipercolesterolemia/tratamento farmacológico , Rosuvastatina Cálcica/administração & dosagem , Anticolesterolemiantes/administração & dosagem , Doenças Cardiovasculares/sangue , LDL-Colesterol/efeitos dos fármacos , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Método Duplo-Cego , Quimioterapia Combinada , Seguimentos , Humanos , Inibidores de Hidroximetilglutaril-CoA Redutases/administração & dosagem , Hipercolesterolemia/sangue , Injeções Subcutâneas , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
11.
J Am Heart Assoc ; 4(11)2015 Nov 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26586732

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In patients with discordance between low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol and LDL particle (LDL-P) concentrations, cardiovascular risk more closely correlates with LDL-P. METHODS AND RESULTS: We investigated the effect of alirocumab, a fully human monoclonal antibody to proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9, on lipoprotein particle concentration and size in hypercholesterolemic patients, using nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy. Plasma samples were collected from patients receiving alirocumab 150 mg every 2 weeks (n=26) or placebo (n=31) during a phase II, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial in patients (LDL cholesterol ≥100 mg/dL) on a stable atorvastatin dose. In this post hoc analysis, percentage change in concentrations of LDL-P, very-low-density lipoprotein particles, and high-density lipoprotein particles from baseline to week 12 was determined by nuclear magnetic resonance. Alirocumab significantly reduced mean concentrations of total LDL-P (-63.3% versus -1.0% with placebo) and large (-71.3% versus -21.8%) and small (-54.0% versus +17.8%) LDL-P subfractions and total very-low-density lipoprotein particle concentrations (-36.4% versus +33.4%; all P<0.01). Total high-density lipoprotein particles increased with alirocumab (+11.2% versus +1.4% with placebo; P<0.01). There were greater increases in large (44.6%) versus medium (17.7%) or small high-density lipoprotein particles (2.8%) with alirocumab. LDL-P size remained relatively unchanged in both groups; however, very-low-density and high-density lipoprotein particle sizes increased to a significantly greater extent with alirocumab. CONCLUSIONS: Alirocumab significantly reduced LDL-C and LDL-P concentrations in hypercholesterolemic patients receiving stable atorvastatin therapy. These findings may be of particular relevance to patients with discordant LDL-C and LDL-P concentrations. CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION: URL: https://clinicaltrials.gov. Unique identifier: NCT01288443.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Monoclonais/uso terapêutico , Hipercolesterolemia/tratamento farmacológico , Hipolipemiantes/uso terapêutico , Lipoproteínas/sangue , Ressonância Magnética Nuclear Biomolecular , Pró-Proteína Convertases/antagonistas & inibidores , Inibidores de Serino Proteinase/uso terapêutico , Adulto , Idoso , Atorvastatina/uso terapêutico , Biomarcadores/sangue , LDL-Colesterol/sangue , Método Duplo-Cego , Quimioterapia Combinada , Feminino , Humanos , Inibidores de Hidroximetilglutaril-CoA Redutases/uso terapêutico , Hipercolesterolemia/sangue , Hipercolesterolemia/diagnóstico , Hipercolesterolemia/enzimologia , Lipoproteínas HDL/sangue , Lipoproteínas VLDL/sangue , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Tamanho da Partícula , Pró-Proteína Convertase 9 , Pró-Proteína Convertases/metabolismo , Serina Endopeptidases/metabolismo , Resultado do Tratamento
12.
J Clin Endocrinol Metab ; 100(8): 3140-8, 2015 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26030325

RESUMO

CONTEXT: Despite current standard of care, many patients at high risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) still have elevated low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) levels. Alirocumab is a fully human monoclonal antibody inhibitor of proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9. OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to compare the LDL-C-lowering efficacy of adding alirocumab vs other common lipid-lowering strategies. DESIGN, PATIENTS, AND INTERVENTIONS: Patients (n = 355) with very high CVD risk and LDL-C levels of 70 mg/dL or greater or high CVD risk and LDL-C of 100 mg/dL or greater on baseline atorvastatin 20 or 40 mg were randomized to one of the following: 1) add-on alirocumab 75 mg every 2 weeks (Q2W) sc; 2) add-on ezetimibe 10 mg/d; 3) double atorvastatin dose; or 4) for atorvastatin 40 mg regimen only, switch to rosuvastatin 40 mg. For patients not achieving protocol-defined LDL-C goals, the alirocumab dose was increased (blinded) at week 12 to 150 mg Q2W. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE: The primary end point was percentage change in calculated LDL-C from baseline to 24 weeks (intent to treat). RESULTS: Among atorvastatin 20 and 40 mg regimens, respectively, add-on alirocumab reduced LDL-C levels by 44.1% and 54.0% (P < .001 vs all comparators); add-on ezetimibe, 20.5% and 22.6%; doubling of atorvastatin dose, 5.0% and 4.8%; and switching atorvastatin 40 mg to rosuvastatin 40 mg, 21.4%. Most alirocumab-treated patients (87.2% and 84.6%) achieved their LDL-C goals. Most alirocumab-treated patients (86%) maintained their 75-mg Q2W regimen. Treatment-emergent adverse events occurred in 65.4% of alirocumab patients vs 64.4% ezetimibe and 63.8% double atorvastatin/switch to rosuvastatin (data were pooled). CONCLUSIONS: Adding alirocumab to atorvastatin provided significantly greater LDL-C reductions vs adding ezetimibe, doubling atorvastatin dose, or switching to rosuvastatin and enabled greater LDL-C goal achievement.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Monoclonais/administração & dosagem , Anticolesterolemiantes/administração & dosagem , Doenças Cardiovasculares/prevenção & controle , Ácidos Heptanoicos/administração & dosagem , Pirróis/administração & dosagem , Idoso , Anticorpos/sangue , Anticorpos Monoclonais/efeitos adversos , Anticorpos Monoclonais/imunologia , Anticolesterolemiantes/efeitos adversos , Anticolesterolemiantes/imunologia , Atorvastatina , Azetidinas/administração & dosagem , Azetidinas/efeitos adversos , Azetidinas/imunologia , Doenças Cardiovasculares/sangue , LDL-Colesterol/sangue , Quimioterapia Combinada , Ezetimiba , Feminino , Ácidos Heptanoicos/efeitos adversos , Ácidos Heptanoicos/imunologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pirróis/efeitos adversos , Pirróis/imunologia , Resultado do Tratamento
13.
Postgrad Med ; 127(2): 125-32, 2015 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25609019

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Alirocumab, a fully human monoclonal antibody to proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9, is in Phase III development for the treatment of hypercholesterolemia. In Phase II studies, 150 mg every 2 weeks (Q2W) was the highest Q2W dose studied, and it is currently the highest Q2W dose under development. To better assess the safety and efficacy of this dose, data across three Phase II studies were pooled. METHODS: We analyzed data from three double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled Phase II studies of 8 or 12 weeks' duration. In the current analysis, 77 patients were randomized to the control group and 108 were randomized to alirocumab 150 mg Q2W administered via a single 1 mL subcutaneous injection. RESULTS: Adverse events (AEs) occurred in 58.3% of alirocumab patients compared with 54.5% of placebo-controlled patients. The most common AE was mild, transient injection-site reactions. No signal for muscle symptoms such as myalgia and no cases of neurocognitive effects were reported or observed. One alirocumab patient, also receiving atorvastatin 80 mg/day, had an increase in aspartate transaminase 3 to 5 times the upper limit of normal. Alirocumab 150 mg Q2W reduced low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) from baseline by 68.4% compared with 10.5% for the control group. More than 90% of patients achieved an LDL-C target of < 70 mg/dL with alirocumab versus 8% with control. Marked reductions in other atherogenic lipids and modest increases in high-density lipoprotein cholesterol were also observed. CONCLUSION: At the highest Q2W dose under development (150 mg), alirocumab appears well tolerated and produces robust LDL-C reductions. These data suggest that alirocumab 150 mg Q2W is an appropriate dose for further evaluation in Phase III trials.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Monoclonais/administração & dosagem , Anticolesterolemiantes/administração & dosagem , Hipercolesterolemia/tratamento farmacológico , LDL-Colesterol/sangue , Ensaios Clínicos Fase II como Assunto , Humanos , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Resultado do Tratamento
14.
Am Heart J ; 168(5): 682-9, 2014 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25440796

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Following acute coronary syndrome (ACS), the risk for future cardiovascular events is high and is related to levels of low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) even within the setting of intensive statin treatment. Proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9 (PCSK9) regulates LDL receptor expression and circulating levels of LDL-C. Antibodies to PCSK9 can produce substantial and sustained reductions of LDL-C. The ODYSSEY Outcomes trial tests the hypothesis that treatment with alirocumab, a fully human monoclonal antibody to PCSK9, improves cardiovascular outcomes after ACS. DESIGN: This Phase 3 study will randomize approximately 18,000 patients to receive biweekly injections of alirocumab (75-150 mg) or matching placebo beginning 1 to 12 months after an index hospitalization for acute myocardial infarction or unstable angina. Qualifying patients are treated with atorvastatin 40 or 80 mg daily, rosuvastatin 20 or 40 mg daily, or the maximum tolerated and approved dose of one of these agents and fulfill one of the following criteria: LDL-C ≥ 70 mg/dL, non-high-density lipoprotein cholesterol ≥ 100 mg/dL, or apolipoprotein B ≥ 80 mg/dL. The primary efficacy measure is time to first occurrence of coronary heart disease death, acute myocardial infarction, hospitalization for unstable angina, or ischemic stroke. The trial is expected to continue until 1613 primary end point events have occurred with minimum follow-up of at least 2 years, providing 90% power to detect a 15% hazard reduction. Adverse events of special interest include allergic events and injection site reactions. Interim analyses are planned when approximately 50% and 75% of the targeted number of primary end points have occurred. SUMMARY: ODYSSEY Outcomes will determine whether the addition of the PCSK9 antibody alirocumab to intensive statin therapy reduces cardiovascular morbidity and mortality after ACS.


Assuntos
Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/tratamento farmacológico , Angina Instável/prevenção & controle , Anticorpos Monoclonais/uso terapêutico , Anticolesterolemiantes/uso terapêutico , Inibidores de Hidroximetilglutaril-CoA Redutases/uso terapêutico , Hipercolesterolemia/tratamento farmacológico , Infarto do Miocárdio/prevenção & controle , Pró-Proteína Convertases/antagonistas & inibidores , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/prevenção & controle , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/complicações , Apolipoproteínas B/sangue , Atorvastatina , LDL-Colesterol/sangue , Método Duplo-Cego , Quimioterapia Combinada , Fluorbenzenos/uso terapêutico , Ácidos Heptanoicos/uso terapêutico , Hospitalização , Humanos , Hipercolesterolemia/complicações , Pró-Proteína Convertase 9 , Pirimidinas/uso terapêutico , Pirróis/uso terapêutico , Rosuvastatina Cálcica , Serina Endopeptidases , Sulfonamidas/uso terapêutico , Resultado do Tratamento
15.
Clin Cardiol ; 37(10): 597-604, 2014 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25269777

RESUMO

The phase 3 ODYSSEY OPTIONS studies (OPTIONS I, NCT01730040; OPTIONS II, NCT01730053) are multicenter, multinational, randomized, double-blind, active-comparator, 24-week studies evaluating the efficacy and safety of alirocumab, a fully human monoclonal antibody targeting proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9, as add-on therapy in ∼ 650 high-cardiovascular (CV)-risk patients whose low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) levels are ≥100 mg/dL or ≥70 mg/dL according to the CV-risk category, high and very high CV risk, respectively, with atorvastatin (20-40 mg/d) or rosuvastatin (10-20 mg/d). Patients are randomized to receive alirocumab 75 mg via a single, subcutaneous, 1-mL injection by prefilled pen every 2 weeks (Q2W) as add-on therapy to atorvastatin (20-40 mg) or rosuvastatin (10-20 mg); or to receive ezetimibe 10 mg/d as add-on therapy to statin; or to receive statin up-titration; or to switch from atorvastatin to rosuvastatin (OPTIONS I only). At week 12, based on week 8 LDL-C levels, the alirocumab dose may be increased from 75 mg to 150 mg Q2W if LDL-C levels remain ≥100 mg/dL or ≥70 mg/dL in patients with high or very high CV risk, respectively. The primary efficacy endpoint in both studies is difference in percent change in calculated LDL-C from baseline to week 24 in the alirocumab vs control arms. The studies may provide guidance to inform clinical decision-making when patients with CV risk require additional lipid-lowering therapy to further reduce LDL-C levels. The flexibility of the alirocumab dosing regimen allows for individualized therapy based on the degree of LDL-C reduction required to achieve the desired LDL-C level.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Monoclonais/administração & dosagem , Anticolesterolemiantes/uso terapêutico , Doenças Cardiovasculares/prevenção & controle , Fluorbenzenos/uso terapêutico , Ácidos Heptanoicos/uso terapêutico , Inibidores de Hidroximetilglutaril-CoA Redutases/uso terapêutico , Hipercolesterolemia/tratamento farmacológico , Pirimidinas/uso terapêutico , Pirróis/uso terapêutico , Sulfonamidas/uso terapêutico , Atorvastatina , Doenças Cardiovasculares/etiologia , LDL-Colesterol/sangue , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Quimioterapia Combinada , Feminino , Humanos , Hipercolesterolemia/complicações , Masculino , Rosuvastatina Cálcica , Resultado do Tratamento
16.
Cardiovasc Ther ; 32(6): 297-301, 2014 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25256660

RESUMO

AIMS: We investigated the relative pharmacokinetics, pharmacodynamics, and safety of the proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9 (PCSK9) inhibitor alirocumab following injection at three different sites. METHODS: Sixty healthy subjects (39 male, 21 female; age 20-45 years) were randomized to receive a single subcutaneous injection of alirocumab 75 mg via 1-mL prefilled pen into the abdomen, upper arm, or thigh (NCT01785329). Subjects were followed for 85 days ± 2 days following study drug administration. Pharmacokinetic (PK) parameters for the systemic exposure of alirocumab were calculated, and levels of free PCSK9 were assessed. Percentage changes from baseline in LDL-C were compared between injection site groups using linear mixed-effects models. RESULTS: Alirocumab concentration-time profiles were similar, and free PCSK9 levels were reduced to approximately zero between Day 3 and Day 4 postinjection in all groups. LDL-C levels reached nadir on Day 15 postinjection in all groups with mean percentage reductions of 48.4% (abdomen), 39.5% (upper arm), and 45.6% (thigh) at this time point. A similar effect on LDL-C levels was seen across the entire time course of the study at all three injection sites. Treatment-emergent adverse events were experienced by 8/20 (abdomen), 11/20 (upper arm), and 13/20 (thigh) subjects. There were 2 mild/transient injection site reactions. There were no serious adverse events. DISCUSSION: A single subcutaneous administration of alirocumab 75 mg via prefilled pen was well tolerated with similar pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics when injected into the abdomen, upper arm, or thigh. CONCLUSION: These results suggest that alirocumab can be interchangeably injected in the abdomen, upper arm, or thigh.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Monoclonais/farmacocinética , Pró-Proteína Convertases/antagonistas & inibidores , Adulto , Anticorpos Monoclonais/administração & dosagem , Anticorpos Monoclonais/efeitos adversos , Anticorpos Monoclonais/farmacologia , LDL-Colesterol/sangue , Feminino , Humanos , Injeções Subcutâneas , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pró-Proteína Convertase 9 , Pró-Proteína Convertases/sangue , Serina Endopeptidases/sangue
17.
Am J Cardiol ; 114(5): 711-5, 2014 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25060413

RESUMO

Lipoprotein(a) [Lp(a)] is an independent risk factor for cardiovascular disease, with limited treatment options. This analysis evaluated the effect of a monoclonal antibody to proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin 9, alirocumab 150 mg every 2 weeks (Q2W), on Lp(a) levels in pooled data from 3 double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled, phase 2 studies of 8 or 12 weeks' duration conducted in patients with hypercholesterolemia on background lipid-lowering therapy (NCT01266876, NCT01288469, and NCT01288443). Data were available for 102 of 108 patients who received alirocumab 150 mg Q2W and 74 of 77 patients who received placebo. Alirocumab resulted in a significant reduction in Lp(a) from baseline compared with placebo (-30.3% vs -0.3%, p <0.0001). Median percentage Lp(a) reductions in the alirocumab group were of a similar magnitude across a range of baseline Lp(a) levels, resulting in greater absolute reductions in Lp(a) in patients with higher baseline levels. Regression analysis indicated that <5% of the variance in the reduction of Lp(a) was explained by the effect of alirocumab on low-density lipoprotein cholesterol. In conclusion, pooled data from 3 phase 2 trials demonstrate substantive reduction in Lp(a) with alirocumab 150 mg Q2W, including patients with baseline Lp(a) >50 mg/dl. Reductions in Lp(a) only weakly correlated with the magnitude of low-density lipoprotein cholesterol lowering.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Monoclonais/administração & dosagem , Ácidos Cólicos/sangue , Lipoproteína(a)/sangue , Erros Inatos do Metabolismo de Esteroides/tratamento farmacológico , Atorvastatina , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Método Duplo-Cego , Esquema de Medicação , Quimioterapia Combinada , Feminino , Seguimentos , Ácidos Heptanoicos/administração & dosagem , Humanos , Inibidores de Hidroximetilglutaril-CoA Redutases/administração & dosagem , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Nefelometria e Turbidimetria , Pirróis/administração & dosagem , Erros Inatos do Metabolismo de Esteroides/sangue , Subtilisina/imunologia , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
18.
N Engl J Med ; 367(20): 1891-900, 2012 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23113833

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Serum proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin 9 (PCSK9) binds to low-density lipoprotein (LDL) receptors, increasing the degradation of LDL receptors and reducing the rate at which LDL cholesterol is removed from the circulation. REGN727/SAR236553 (designated here as SAR236553), a fully human PCSK9 monoclonal antibody, increases the recycling of LDL receptors and reduces LDL cholesterol levels. METHODS: We performed a phase 2, multicenter, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial involving 92 patients who had LDL cholesterol levels of 100 mg per deciliter (2.6 mmol per liter) or higher after treatment with 10 mg of atorvastatin for at least 7 weeks. Patients were randomly assigned to receive 8 weeks of treatment with 80 mg of atorvastatin daily plus SAR236553 once every 2 weeks, 10 mg of atorvastatin daily plus SAR236553 once every 2 weeks, or 80 mg of atorvastatin daily plus placebo once every 2 weeks and were followed for an additional 8 weeks after treatment. RESULTS: The least-squares mean (±SE) percent reduction from baseline in LDL cholesterol was 73.2±3.5 with 80 mg of atorvastatin plus SAR236553, as compared with 17.3±3.5 with 80 mg of atorvastatin plus placebo (P<0.001) and 66.2±3.5 with 10 mg of atorvastatin plus SAR236553. All the patients who received SAR236553, as compared with 52% of those who received 80 mg of atorvastatin plus placebo, attained an LDL cholesterol level of less than 100 mg per deciliter, and at least 90% of the patients who received SAR236553, as compared with 17% who received 80 mg of atorvastatin plus placebo, attained LDL cholesterol levels of less than 70 mg per deciliter (1.8 mmol per liter). CONCLUSIONS: In a randomized trial involving patients with primary hypercholesterolemia, adding SAR236553 to either 10 mg of atorvastatin or 80 mg of atorvastatin resulted in a significantly greater reduction in LDL cholesterol than that attained with 80 mg of atorvastatin alone. (Funded by Sanofi and Regeneron Pharmaceuticals; ClinicalTrials.gov number, NCT01288469.).


Assuntos
Anticorpos Monoclonais/uso terapêutico , Ácidos Heptanoicos/uso terapêutico , Hipercolesterolemia/tratamento farmacológico , Pró-Proteína Convertases/antagonistas & inibidores , Pirróis/uso terapêutico , Idoso , Anticorpos Monoclonais/efeitos adversos , Atorvastatina , LDL-Colesterol/sangue , Quimioterapia Combinada , Feminino , Ácidos Heptanoicos/administração & dosagem , Ácidos Heptanoicos/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Análise dos Mínimos Quadrados , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pró-Proteína Convertase 9 , Pirróis/administração & dosagem , Pirróis/efeitos adversos , Serina Endopeptidases , Resultado do Tratamento
19.
J Am Coll Cardiol ; 59(25): 2344-53, 2012 Jun 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22463922

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The primary objective of this study was to evaluate the low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C)-lowering efficacy of 5 SAR236553/REGN727 (SAR236553) dosing regimens versus placebo at week 12 in patients with LDL-C ≥100 mg/dl on stable atorvastatin therapy. Secondary objectives included evaluation of effects on other lipid parameters and the attainment of LDL-C treatment goals of <100 mg/dl (2.59 mmol/l) and <70 mg/dl (1.81 mmol/l). BACKGROUND: Serum proprotein convertase subtilisin kexin 9 (PCSK9) binds to low-density lipoprotein receptors, increasing serum LDL-C. SAR236553 is a fully human monoclonal antibody to PCSK9. METHODS: This double-blind, parallel-group, placebo-controlled trial randomized 183 patients with LDL-C ≥100 mg/dl (2.59 mmol/l) on stable-dose atorvastatin 10, 20, or 40 mg for ≥6 weeks to: subcutaneous placebo every 2 weeks (Q2W); SAR236553 50, 100, or 150 mg Q2W; or SAR236553 200 or 300 mg every 4 weeks (Q4W), alternating with placebo for a total treatment period of 12 weeks. RESULTS: SAR236553 demonstrated a clear dose-response relationship with respect to percentage LDL-C lowering for both Q2W and Q4W administration: 40%, 64%, and 72% with 50, 100, and 150 mg Q2W, respectively, and 43% and 48% with 200 and 300 mg Q4W. LDL-C reduction with placebo at week 12 was 5%. SAR236553 also substantially reduced non-high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, apolipoprotein B, and lipoprotein(a). SAR236553 was generally well tolerated. One patient on SAR236553 experienced a serious adverse event of leukocytoclastic vasculitis. CONCLUSIONS: When added to atorvastatin, PCSK9 inhibition with SAR236553 further reduces LDL-C by 40% to 72%. These additional reductions are both dose- and dosing frequency-dependent. (Efficacy and Safety Evaluation of SAR236553 [REGN727] in Patients With Primary Hypercholesterolemia and LDL-cholesterol on Stable Atorvastatin Therapy; NCT01288443).


Assuntos
Anticorpos Monoclonais/uso terapêutico , Anticolesterolemiantes/uso terapêutico , LDL-Colesterol/sangue , Ácidos Heptanoicos/administração & dosagem , Inibidores de Hidroximetilglutaril-CoA Redutases/administração & dosagem , Hipercolesterolemia/tratamento farmacológico , Pró-Proteína Convertases/antagonistas & inibidores , Pirróis/administração & dosagem , Adulto , Idoso , Anticorpos Monoclonais/administração & dosagem , Anticorpos Monoclonais/efeitos adversos , Anticolesterolemiantes/administração & dosagem , Anticolesterolemiantes/efeitos adversos , Atorvastatina , Método Duplo-Cego , Sinergismo Farmacológico , Feminino , Humanos , Hipercolesterolemia/sangue , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pró-Proteína Convertase 9 , Pró-Proteína Convertases/metabolismo , Serina Endopeptidases/metabolismo , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
20.
Eur Heart J ; 29(14): 1761-71, 2008 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-18417461

RESUMO

AIMS: Rimonabant, the first selective cannabinoid type 1 receptor blocker, has been shown to produce weight loss and improvements in several cardiometabolic risk factors over 1 year. We report the 2 year efficacy and tolerability data of rimonabant. METHODS AND RESULTS: Patients with a body mass index > or =30 or >27 kg/m(2) with treated/untreated hypertension, dyslipidaemia, or both, were randomized to double-blind treatment with placebo, rimonabant 5 or 20 mg once daily plus a calorie-restricted diet for 2 years. Weight loss from baseline to 2 years in the intention-to-treat population was significantly greater with rimonabant 20 mg (mean +/- SD: -5.5 +/- 7.7 kg; P < 0.001) and 5 mg (-2.9 +/- 6.5 kg; P = 0.002) than placebo (-1.2 +/- 6.8 kg). Rimonabant 20 mg produced significantly greater improvements than placebo in waist circumference, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, triglycerides, fasting glucose and insulin levels, insulin resistance, and metabolic syndrome prevalence. Rimonabant 20 mg produced clinically meaningful improvements in all Impact of Weight on Quality of Life-Lite questionnaire domain scores at 2 years. Rimonabant was generally well tolerated and rates of adverse events, including depressed mood disorders and disturbances were similar to placebo during year 2. Proportions of patients with clinically significant depression (Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale score >11) were similar in all treatment groups. CONCLUSION: Rimonabant 20 mg over 2 years promoted clinically relevant and durable weight loss and improvements in cardiometabolic risk factors.


Assuntos
Fármacos Antiobesidade/uso terapêutico , Antagonistas de Receptores de Canabinoides , Doenças Cardiovasculares/prevenção & controle , Obesidade/tratamento farmacológico , Piperidinas/uso terapêutico , Pirazóis/uso terapêutico , Adulto , Fármacos Antiobesidade/efeitos adversos , Glicemia/metabolismo , Índice de Massa Corporal , Doenças Cardiovasculares/etiologia , HDL-Colesterol/sangue , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Métodos Epidemiológicos , Feminino , Humanos , Insulina/sangue , Masculino , Síndrome Metabólica/prevenção & controle , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Obesidade/sangue , Obesidade/fisiopatologia , Piperidinas/efeitos adversos , Pirazóis/efeitos adversos , Rimonabanto , Resultado do Tratamento , Triglicerídeos/sangue , Perda de Peso/efeitos dos fármacos
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