Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 356
Filtrar
1.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 19853, 2021 Oct 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34615922

RESUMO

Cognitive decline in early-stage Alzheimer's disease (AD) may depend on genetic variability. In the Swedish BioFINDER study, we used polygenic scores (PGS) (for AD, intelligence, and educational attainment) to predict longitudinal cognitive change (measured by mini-mental state examination (MMSE) [primary outcome] and other cognitive tests) over a mean of 4.2 years. We included 260 ß-amyloid (Aß) negative cognitively unimpaired (CU) individuals, 121 Aß-positive CU (preclinical AD), 50 Aß-negative mild cognitive impairment (MCI) patients, and 127 Aß-positive MCI patients (prodromal AD). Statistical significance was determined at Bonferroni corrected p value < 0.05. The PGS for intelligence (beta = 0.1, p = 2.9e-02) was protective against decline in MMSE in CU and MCI participants regardless of Aß status. The polygenic risk score for AD (beta = - 0.12, p = 9.4e-03) was correlated with the rate of change in MMSE and was partially mediated by Aß-pathology (mediation effect 20%). There was no effect of education PGS on cognitive measures. Genetic variants associated with intelligence mitigate cognitive decline independent of Aß-pathology, while effects of genetic variants associated with AD are partly mediated by Aß-pathology.

2.
Neurology ; 2021 Sep 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34493616

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Phosphorylated tau (P-tau) in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) is considered an important biomarker in Alzheimer's disease (AD) and has been incorporated in recent diagnostic criteria. Several variants exist, including P-tau at threonines 181 (P-tau181), 217 (P-tau217) and 231 (P-tau231). However, no studies have compared their diagnostic performance or association to amyloid-ß (Aß) and Tau positron emission tomography (PET). Understanding which P-tau variant to use remains an important yet answered question. We aimed to compare the diagnostic accuracy of P-tau181, P-tau217 and P-tau231 in CSF for AD and their association with Aß and Tau-PET. METHODS: 629 subjects from the Swedish BioFINDER-2 study were included (cognitively unimpaired, n=334; Aß-positive mild cognitive impairment, n=84; AD dementia, n=119; and non-AD disorders, n=92). In addition to P-tau181 and P-tau217 measured using assays with the same detector antibodies from Eli Lilly (P-tau181Lilly, P-tau217Lilly) and P-tau231, we also included P-tau181 measurements from two commonly used assays (Innotest and Elecsys). RESULTS: Though all P-tau variants increased across the AD continuum, P-tau217Lilly showed the greatest dynamic range (13-fold-increase vs 1.9-5.4-fold-increase for other P-tau variants for AD dementia vs non-AD). P-tau217Lilly showed stronger correlations with Aß- and Tau-PET (P<0.0001). P-tau217Lilly exhibited higher accuracy than other P-tau variants for separating AD dementia from non-AD (AUC, 0.991vs 0.906-0.982, P<0.0001) and for identifying Aß- (AUC, 0.951 vs 0.816-0.924, P<0.0001) and Tau-PET positivity (AUC, 0.957 vs 0.836-0.938, P<0.0001). Finally, P-tau181Lilly generally performed better than the other P-tau181 assays, (e.g., AD dementia vs non-AD, AUC, 0.976 vs 0.923, P<0.0001). DISCUSSION: CSF P-tau217Lilly seem to be more useful than other included P-tau assays in the work-up of AD. Varied results across P-tau181 assays also highlights the importance of anti-tau antibodies for biomarker performance. CLASSIFICATION OF EVIDENCE: This study provides class II evidence that phosphorylated tau at threonine 217 provides higher diagnostic accuracy for diagnosis of AD dementia than P-tau at threonine 181 or 231.

3.
JAMA Neurol ; 2021 Sep 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34542571

RESUMO

Importance: Blood-based tests for brain amyloid-ß (Aß) pathology are needed for widespread implementation of Alzheimer disease (AD) biomarkers in clinical care and to facilitate patient screening and monitoring of treatment responses in clinical trials. Objective: To compare the performance of plasma Aß42/40 measured using 8 different Aß assays when detecting abnormal brain Aß status in patients with early AD. Design, Setting, and Participants: This study included 182 cognitively unimpaired participants and 104 patients with mild cognitive impairment from the BioFINDER cohort who were enrolled at 3 different hospitals in Sweden and underwent Aß positron emission tomography (PET) imaging and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and plasma collection from 2010 to 2014. Plasma Aß42/40 was measured using an immunoprecipitation-coupled mass spectrometry developed at Washington University (IP-MS-WashU), antibody-free liquid chromatography MS developed by Araclon (LC-MS-Arc), and immunoassays from Roche Diagnostics (IA-Elc); Euroimmun (IA-EI); and Amsterdam University Medical Center, ADx Neurosciences, and Quanterix (IA-N4PE). Plasma Aß42/40 was also measured using an IP-MS-based method from Shimadzu in 200 participants (IP-MS-Shim) and an IP-MS-based method from the University of Gothenburg (IP-MS-UGOT) and another immunoassay from Quanterix (IA-Quan) among 227 participants. For validation, 122 participants (51 cognitively normal, 51 with mild cognitive impairment, and 20 with AD dementia) were included from the Alzheimer Disease Neuroimaging Initiative who underwent Aß-PET and plasma Aß assessments using IP-MS-WashU, IP-MS-Shim, IP-MS-UGOT, IA-Elc, IA-N4PE, and IA-Quan assays. Main Outcomes and Measures: Discriminative accuracy of plasma Aß42/40 quantified using 8 different assays for abnormal CSF Aß42/40 and Aß-PET status. Results: A total of 408 participants were included in this study. In the BioFINDER cohort, the mean (SD) age was 71.6 (5.6) years and 49.3% of the cohort were women. When identifying participants with abnormal CSF Aß42/40 in the whole cohort, plasma IP-MS-WashU Aß42/40 showed significantly higher accuracy (area under the receiver operating characteristic curve [AUC], 0.86; 95% CI, 0.81-0.90) than LC-MS-Arc Aß42/40, IA-Elc Aß42/40, IA-EI Aß42/40, and IA-N4PE Aß42/40 (AUC range, 0.69-0.78; P < .05). Plasma IP-MS-WashU Aß42/40 performed significantly better than IP-MS-UGOT Aß42/40 and IA-Quan Aß42/40 (AUC, 0.84 vs 0.68 and 0.64, respectively; P < .001), while there was no difference in the AUCs between IP-MS-WashU Aß42/40 and IP-MS-Shim Aß42/40 (0.87 vs 0.83; P = .16) in the 2 subcohorts where these biomarkers were available. The results were similar when using Aß-PET as outcome. Plasma IPMS-WashU Aß42/40 and IPMS-Shim Aß42/40 showed highest coefficients for correlations with CSF Aß42/40 (r range, 0.56-0.65). The BioFINDER results were replicated in the Alzheimer Disease Neuroimaging Initiative cohort (mean [SD] age, 72.4 [5.4] years; 43.4% women), where the IP-MS-WashU assay performed significantly better than the IP-MS-UGOT, IA-Elc, IA-N4PE, and IA-Quan assays but not the IP-MS-Shim assay. Conclusions and Relevance: The results from 2 independent cohorts indicate that certain MS-based methods performed better than most of the immunoassays for plasma Aß42/40 when detecting brain Aß pathology.

5.
Lancet Neurol ; 20(9): 739-752, 2021 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34418401

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Plasma tau phosphorylated at threonine 217 (p-tau217) and plasma tau phosphorylated at threonine 181 (p-tau181) are associated with Alzheimer's disease tau pathology. We compared the diagnostic value of both biomarkers in cognitively unimpaired participants and patients with a clinical diagnosis of mild cognitive impairment, Alzheimer's disease syndromes, or frontotemporal lobar degeneration (FTLD) syndromes. METHODS: In this retrospective multicohort diagnostic performance study, we analysed plasma samples, obtained from patients aged 18-99 years old who had been diagnosed with Alzheimer's disease syndromes (Alzheimer's disease dementia, logopenic variant primary progressive aphasia, or posterior cortical atrophy), FTLD syndromes (corticobasal syndrome, progressive supranuclear palsy, behavioural variant frontotemporal dementia, non-fluent variant primary progressive aphasia, or semantic variant primary progressive aphasia), or mild cognitive impairment; the participants were from the University of California San Francisco (UCSF) Memory and Aging Center, San Francisco, CA, USA, and the Advancing Research and Treatment for Frontotemporal Lobar Degeneration Consortium (ARTFL; 17 sites in the USA and two in Canada). Participants from both cohorts were carefully characterised, including assessments of CSF p-tau181, amyloid-PET or tau-PET (or both), and clinical and cognitive evaluations. Plasma p-tau181 and p-tau217 were measured using electrochemiluminescence-based assays, which differed only in the biotinylated antibody epitope specificity. Receiver operating characteristic analyses were used to determine diagnostic accuracy of both plasma markers using clinical diagnosis, neuropathological findings, and amyloid-PET and tau-PET measures as gold standards. Difference between two area under the curve (AUC) analyses were tested with the Delong test. FINDINGS: Data were collected from 593 participants (443 from UCSF and 150 from ARTFL, mean age 64 years [SD 13], 294 [50%] women) between July 1 and Nov 30, 2020. Plasma p-tau217 and p-tau181 were correlated (r=0·90, p<0·0001). Both p-tau217 and p-tau181 concentrations were increased in people with Alzheimer's disease syndromes (n=75, mean age 65 years [SD 10]) relative to cognitively unimpaired controls (n=118, mean age 61 years [SD 18]; AUC=0·98 [95% CI 0·95-1·00] for p-tau217, AUC=0·97 [0·94-0·99] for p-tau181; pdiff=0·31) and in pathology-confirmed Alzheimer's disease (n=15, mean age 73 years [SD 12]) versus pathologically confirmed FTLD (n=68, mean age 67 years [SD 8]; AUC=0·96 [0·92-1·00] for p-tau217, AUC=0·91 [0·82-1·00] for p-tau181; pdiff=0·22). P-tau217 outperformed p-tau181 in differentiating patients with Alzheimer's disease syndromes (n=75) from those with FTLD syndromes (n=274, mean age 67 years [SD 9]; AUC=0·93 [0·91-0·96] for p-tau217, AUC=0·91 [0·88-0·94] for p-tau181; pdiff=0·01). P-tau217 was a stronger indicator of amyloid-PET positivity (n=146, AUC=0·91 [0·88-0·94]) than was p-tau181 (n=214, AUC=0·89 [0·86-0·93]; pdiff=0·049). Tau-PET binding in the temporal cortex was more strongly associated with p-tau217 than p-tau181 (r=0·80 vs r=0·72; pdiff<0·0001, n=230). INTERPRETATION: Both p-tau217 and p-tau181 had excellent diagnostic performance for differentiating patients with Alzheimer's disease syndromes from other neurodegenerative disorders. There was some evidence in favour of p-tau217 compared with p-tau181 for differential diagnosis of Alzheimer's disease syndromes versus FTLD syndromes, as an indication of amyloid-PET-positivity, and for stronger correlations with tau-PET signal. Pending replication in independent, diverse, and older cohorts, plasma p-tau217 and p-tau181 could be useful screening tools to identify individuals with underlying amyloid and Alzheimer's disease tau pathology. FUNDING: US National Institutes of Health, State of California Department of Health Services, Rainwater Charitable Foundation, Michael J Fox foundation, Association for Frontotemporal Degeneration, Alzheimer's Association.


Assuntos
Doença de Alzheimer/diagnóstico , Disfunção Cognitiva/diagnóstico , Degeneração Lobar Frontotemporal/diagnóstico , Proteínas tau/metabolismo , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Doença de Alzheimer/sangue , Doença de Alzheimer/líquido cefalorraquidiano , Peptídeos beta-Amiloides/metabolismo , Biomarcadores/sangue , Disfunção Cognitiva/sangue , Disfunção Cognitiva/líquido cefalorraquidiano , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Feminino , Degeneração Lobar Frontotemporal/sangue , Degeneração Lobar Frontotemporal/líquido cefalorraquidiano , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fosforilação/fisiologia , Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Estudos Retrospectivos , Proteínas tau/sangue , Proteínas tau/líquido cefalorraquidiano
6.
Alzheimers Res Ther ; 13(1): 138, 2021 08 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34389066

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Changes in grey matter covariance networks have been reported in preclinical and clinical stages of Alzheimer's disease (AD) and have been associated with amyloid-ß (Aß) deposition and cognitive decline. However, the role of tau pathology on grey matter networks remains unclear. Based on previously reported associations between tau pathology, synaptic density and brain structural measures, tau-related connectivity changes across different stages of AD might be expected. We aimed to assess the relationship between tau aggregation and grey matter network alterations across the AD continuum. METHODS: We included 533 individuals (178 Aß-negative cognitively unimpaired (CU) subjects, 105 Aß-positive CU subjects, 122 Aß-positive patients with mild cognitive impairment, and 128 patients with AD dementia) from the BioFINDER-2 study. Single-subject grey matter networks were extracted from T1-weighted images and graph theory properties including degree, clustering coefficient, path length, and small world topology were calculated. Associations between tau positron emission tomography (PET) values and global and regional network measures were examined using linear regression models adjusted for age, sex, and total intracranial volume. Finally, we tested whether the association of tau pathology with cognitive performance was mediated by grey matter network disruptions. RESULTS: Across the whole sample, we found that higher tau load in the temporal meta-ROI was associated with significant changes in degree, clustering, path length, and small world values (all p < 0.001), indicative of a less optimal network organisation. Already in CU Aß-positive individuals associations between tau burden and lower clustering and path length were observed, whereas in advanced disease stages elevated tau pathology was progressively associated with more brain network abnormalities. Moreover, the association between higher tau load and lower cognitive performance was only partly mediated (9.3 to 9.5%) through small world topology. CONCLUSIONS: Our data suggest a close relationship between grey matter network disruptions and tau pathology in individuals with abnormal amyloid. This might reflect a reduced communication between neighbouring brain areas and an altered ability to integrate information from distributed brain regions with tau pathology, indicative of a more random network topology across different AD stages.


Assuntos
Doença de Alzheimer , Disfunção Cognitiva , Doença de Alzheimer/diagnóstico por imagem , Peptídeos beta-Amiloides/metabolismo , Encéfalo/diagnóstico por imagem , Encéfalo/metabolismo , Disfunção Cognitiva/diagnóstico por imagem , Substância Cinzenta/diagnóstico por imagem , Substância Cinzenta/metabolismo , Humanos , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética , Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons , Proteínas tau/metabolismo
7.
Brain ; 2021 Jul 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34259835

RESUMO

Although recent clinical trials targeting amyloid-ß (Aß) in Alzheimer's disease (AD) have shown promising results, there is increasing evidence suggesting that understanding alternative disease pathways that interact with Aß metabolism and amyloid pathology might be important to halt the clinical deterioration. In particular, there is evidence supporting a critical role of astroglial activation and astrocytosis in AD. However, to this date, no studies have assessed whether astrocytosis is independently related to either Aß or tau pathology, respectively, in vivo. To address this question, we determined the levels of the astrocytic marker glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) in plasma and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) of 217 Aß-negative cognitively unimpaired individuals, 71 Aß-positive cognitively unimpaired individuals, 78 Aß-positive cognitively impaired individuals, 63 Aß-negative cognitively impaired individuals and 75 patients with a non-AD neurodegenerative disorder from the Swedish BioFINDER-2 study. Subjects underwent longitudinal Aß (18F-flutemetamol) and tau (18F-RO948) positron emission tomography (PET) as well as cognitive testing. We found that plasma GFAP concentration was significantly increased in all Aß-positive groups compared with subjects without Aß pathology (p < 0.01). In addition, there were significant associations between plasma GFAP with higher Aß-PET signal in all Aß-positive groups, but also in cognitively normal individuals with normal Aß values (p < 0.001), which remained significant after controlling for tau-PET signal. Furthermore, plasma GFAP could predict Aß-PET positivity with an area under the curve of 0.76, which was greater than the performance achieved by CSF GFAP (0.69) and other glial markers (CSF YKL-40: 0.64, sTREM2: 0.71). Although correlations were also observed between tau-PET and plasma GFAP, these were no longer significant after controlling for Aß-PET. In contrast to plasma GFAP, CSF GFAP concentration was significantly increased in non-AD patients compared to other groups (p < 0.05) and correlated with Aß-PET only in Aß-positive cognitively impaired individuals (p = 0.005). Finally, plasma GFAP was associated with both longitudinal Aß-PET and cognitive decline, and mediated the effect of Aß-PET on tau-PET burden, suggesting that astrocytosis secondary to Aß aggregation might promote tau accumulation. Altogether, these findings indicate that plasma GFAP is an early marker associated with brain Aß pathology but not tau aggregation, even in cognitively normal individuals with a normal Aß status. This suggests that plasma GFAP should be incorporated in current hypothetical models of AD pathogenesis and be used as a non-invasive and accessible tool to detect early astrocytosis secondary to Aß pathology.

9.
EMBO Mol Med ; 13(8): e14398, 2021 Aug 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34254442

RESUMO

PET, CSF and plasma biomarkers of tau pathology may be differentially associated with Alzheimer's disease (AD)-related demographic, cognitive, genetic and neuroimaging markers. We examined 771 participants with normal cognition, mild cognitive impairment or dementia from BioFINDER-2 (n = 400) and ADNI (n = 371). All had tau-PET ([18 F]RO948 in BioFINDER-2, [18 F]flortaucipir in ADNI) and CSF p-tau181 biomarkers available. Plasma p-tau181 and plasma/CSF p-tau217 were available in BioFINDER-2 only. Concordance between PET, CSF and plasma tau biomarkers ranged between 66 and 95%. Across the whole group, ridge regression models showed that increased CSF and plasma p-tau181 and p-tau217 levels were independently of tau PET associated with higher age, and APOEɛ4-carriership and Aß-positivity, while increased tau-PET signal in the temporal cortex was associated with worse cognitive performance and reduced cortical thickness. We conclude that biofluid and neuroimaging markers of tau pathology convey partly independent information, with CSF and plasma p-tau181 and p-tau217 levels being more tightly linked with early markers of AD (especially Aß-pathology), while tau-PET shows the strongest associations with cognitive and neurodegenerative markers of disease progression.

11.
Eur Radiol ; 2021 Jul 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34328536

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To assess inter-modality agreement and accuracy for medial temporal lobe atrophy (MTA) ratings across radiologists with varying clinical experience in a non-demented population. METHODS: Four raters (two junior radiologists and two senior neuroradiologists) rated MTA on CT and MRI scans using Scheltens' MTA scale. Ratings were compared to a consensus rating by two experienced neuroradiologists for estimation of true positive and negative rates (TPR and TNR) and over- and underestimation of MTA. Inter-modality agreement expressed as Cohen's κ (dichotomized data), Cohen's κw, and two-way mixed, single measures, consistency ICC (ordinal data) were determined. Adequate agreement was defined as κ/κw ≥ 0.80 and ICC ≥ 0.80 (significance level at 95% CI ≥ 0.65). RESULTS: Forty-nine subjects (median age 72 years, 27% abnormal MTA) with cognitive impairment were included. Only junior radiologists achieved adequate agreement expressed as Cohen's κ. All raters achieved adequate agreement expressed as Cohen's κw and ICC. True positive rates varied from 69 to 100% and TNR varied from 85 to 100%. No under- or overestimation of MTA was observed. Ratings did not differ between radiologists. CONCLUSION: We conclude that radiologists with varying experience achieve adequate inter-modality agreement and similar accuracy when Scheltens' MTA scale is used to rate MTA on a non-demented population. However, TPR varied between radiologists which could be attributed to rating style differences. KEY POINTS: • Radiologists with varying experience achieve adequate inter-modality agreement with similar accuracy when Scheltens' MTA scale is used to rate MTA on a non-demented population. • Differences in rating styles might affect accuracy, this was most evident for senior neuroradiologists, and only junior radiologists achieved adequate agreement on dichotomized (abnormal/normal) ratings. • The use of an MTA scale template might compensate for varying clinical experience which could make it applicable for clinical use.

12.
Neuroimage Clin ; 31: 102708, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34091353

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Off-target binding in the skull and meninges is observed in some subjects undergoing tau positron emission tomography (PET) and could potentially differ between men and women. In this study we elucidate sex differences in tau off-target binding using three different tau PET tracers. METHODS: 541 cognitively unimpaired amyloid-ß negative participants underwent tau PET using [18F]flortaucipir (n = 165), [18F]RO948 (n = 189) and [18F]MK6240 (n = 187). Baseline SUVR-values were compared between females and males at the voxel level and using a region-of-interest (ROI) encompassing the skull/meninges. In addition, we assessed the cross-sectional relationship between baseline skull/meninges SUVR and age and assessed change in skull/meningeal SUVR values over time in a subsample with longitudinal data (n = 63). RESULTS: Voxel-wise analysis showed higher meningeal off-target binding in women compared to men across all three tracers. The SUVRs in the skull/meningeal ROI were highest using [18F]RO948, followed by [18F]MK6240 and [18F]flortaucipir (p < 0.001). For all tracers, females showed higher skull/meningeal ROI retention (mean SUVR ± SD [18F]flortaucipir: 0.82 ± 0.14; [18F]RO948: 1.26 ± 0.30; [18F]MK6240: 1.09 ± 0.19) compared to men ([18F]flortaucipir: 0.70 ± 0.11; [18F]RO948: 1.10 ± 0.24; [18F]MK6240: 0.97 ± 0.17) (p < 0.001). For [18F]flortaucipir and [18F]RO948, off-target binding in the skull/meninges decreased with age. CONCLUSION: There is an effect of sex on off-target retention in the meninges/skull across [18F]flortaucipir, [18F]RO948, and [18F]MK6240 tau PET tracers.


Assuntos
Doença de Alzheimer , Disfunção Cognitiva , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons , Caracteres Sexuais , Proteínas tau
13.
Pain Pract ; 2021 Jun 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34143556

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Proinflammatory mechanisms are implicated in pain states. Recent research indicates that patients with osteoarthritis (OA) with signs of central sensitization exhibit elevated cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) levels of interferon gamma-induced protein 10 (IP-10), Fms-related tyrosine kinase 1 (Flt-1), and monocyte chemoattractant protein 1 (MCP-1). METHODS: The current prospective cohort study, including 15 patients with OA, primarily aimed to evaluate associations among alterations in CSF IP-10, Flt-1, MCP-1, and pain sensitization following total hip arthroplasty (THA). Participants provided CSF and blood samples for analysis of 10 proinflammatory mediators, and underwent detailed clinical examination and quantitative sensory testing, immediately preoperative and 18 months after surgery. RESULTS: Neurophysiological measures of pain showed markedly reduced pain sensitivity long-term postoperative. Increases in remote site pressure pain detection thresholds (PPDTs) and decreased temporal summation indicated partial resolution of previous central sensitization. Compared to preoperative, CSF concentrations of IP-10 were increased (p = 0.041), whereas neither Flt-1 (p = 0.112) nor MCP-1 levels changed (p = 0.650). Compared to preoperative, plasma concentrations of IP-10 were increased (p = 0.006), whereas interleukin (IL)-8 was decreased (p = 0.023). Subjects who exhibited increases in arm PPDTs above median showed greater increases in CSF IP-10 compared to those with PPDT increases below median (p = 0.028). Analyses of plasma IP-10 and IL-8 indicated higher levels of peripheral inflammation were linked to decreased pressure pain thresholds (unadjusted ß = -0.79, p = 0.006, and ß = -118.1, p = 0.014, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: THA leads to long-term decreases in pain sensitivity, indicative of resolution of sensitization processes. Changes in CSF and plasma levels of IP-10, and plasma IL-8, may be associated with altered pain phenotype.

14.
Nat Commun ; 12(1): 3555, 2021 06 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34117234

RESUMO

Plasma biomarkers of amyloid, tau, and neurodegeneration (ATN) need to be characterized in cognitively unimpaired (CU) elderly individuals. We therefore tested if plasma measurements of amyloid-ß (Aß)42/40, phospho-tau217 (P-tau217), and neurofilament light (NfL) together predict clinical deterioration in 435 CU individuals followed for an average of 4.8 ± 1.7 years in the BioFINDER study. A combination of all three plasma biomarkers and basic demographics best predicted change in cognition (Pre-Alzheimer's Clinical Composite; R2 = 0.14, 95% CI [0.12-0.17]; P < 0.0001) and subsequent AD dementia (AUC = 0.82, 95% CI [0.77-0.91], P < 0.0001). In a simulated clinical trial, a screening algorithm combining all three plasma biomarkers would reduce the required sample size by 70% (95% CI [54-81]; P < 0.001) with cognition as trial endpoint, and by 63% (95% CI [53-70], P < 0.001) with subsequent AD dementia as trial endpoint. Plasma ATN biomarkers show usefulness in cognitively unimpaired populations and could make large clinical trials more feasible and cost-effective.


Assuntos
Doença de Alzheimer/sangue , Doença de Alzheimer/diagnóstico , Biomarcadores/sangue , Disfunção Cognitiva/sangue , Disfunção Cognitiva/diagnóstico , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Peptídeos beta-Amiloides/sangue , Biomarcadores/líquido cefalorraquidiano , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Fragmentos de Peptídeos/sangue , Proteínas tau/sangue
15.
JAMA Neurol ; 78(8): 961-971, 2021 Aug 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34180956

RESUMO

Importance: Tau positron emission tomography (PET) tracers have proven useful for the differential diagnosis of dementia, but their utility for predicting cognitive change is unclear. Objective: To examine the prognostic accuracy of baseline fluorine 18 (18F)-flortaucipir and [18F]RO948 (tau) PET in individuals across the Alzheimer disease (AD) clinical spectrum and to perform a head-to-head comparison against established magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and amyloid PET markers. Design, Setting, and Participants: This prognostic study collected data from 8 cohorts in South Korea, Sweden, and the US from June 1, 2014, to February 28, 2021, with a mean (SD) follow-up of 1.9 (0.8) years. A total of 1431 participants were recruited from memory clinics, clinical trials, or cohort studies; 673 were cognitively unimpaired (CU group; 253 [37.6%] positive for amyloid-ß [Aß]), 443 had mild cognitive impairment (MCI group; 271 [61.2%] positive for Aß), and 315 had a clinical diagnosis of AD dementia (315 [100%] positive for Aß). Exposures: [18F]Flortaucipir PET in the discovery cohort (n = 1135) or [18F]RO948 PET in the replication cohort (n = 296), T1-weighted MRI (n = 1431), and amyloid PET (n = 1329) at baseline and repeated Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) evaluation. Main Outcomes and Measures: Baseline [18F]flortaucipir/[18F]RO948 PET retention within a temporal region of interest, MRI-based AD-signature cortical thickness, and amyloid PET Centiloids were used to predict changes in MMSE using linear mixed-effects models adjusted for age, sex, education, and cohort. Mediation/interaction analyses tested whether associations between baseline tau PET and cognitive change were mediated by baseline MRI measures and whether age, sex, and APOE genotype modified these associations. Results: Among 1431 participants, the mean (SD) age was 71.2 (8.8) years; 751 (52.5%) were male. Findings for [18F]flortaucipir PET predicted longitudinal changes in MMSE, and effect sizes were stronger than for AD-signature cortical thickness and amyloid PET across all participants (R2, 0.35 [tau PET] vs 0.24 [MRI] vs 0.17 [amyloid PET]; P < .001, bootstrapped for difference) in the Aß-positive MCI group (R2, 0.25 [tau PET] vs 0.15 [MRI] vs 0.07 [amyloid PET]; P < .001, bootstrapped for difference) and in the Aß-positive CU group (R2, 0.16 [tau PET] vs 0.08 [MRI] vs 0.08 [amyloid PET]; P < .001, bootstrapped for difference). These findings were replicated in the [18F]RO948 PET cohort. MRI mediated the association between [18F]flortaucipir PET and MMSE in the groups with AD dementia (33.4% [95% CI, 15.5%-60.0%] of the total effect) and Aß-positive MCI (13.6% [95% CI, 0.0%-28.0%] of the total effect), but not the Aß-positive CU group (3.7% [95% CI, -17.5% to 39.0%]; P = .71). Age (t = -2.28; P = .02), but not sex (t = 0.92; P = .36) or APOE genotype (t = 1.06; P = .29) modified the association between baseline [18F]flortaucipir PET and cognitive change, such that older individuals showed faster cognitive decline at similar tau PET levels. Conclusions and Relevance: The findings of this prognostic study suggest that tau PET is a promising tool for predicting cognitive change that is superior to amyloid PET and MRI and may support the prognostic process in preclinical and prodromal stages of AD.

16.
Alzheimers Dement ; 2021 Jun 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34151519

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: We studied usefulness of combining blood amyloid beta (Aß)42/Aß40, phosphorylated tau (p-tau)217, and neurofilament light (NfL) to detect abnormal brain Aß deposition in different stages of early Alzheimer's disease (AD). METHODS: Plasma biomarkers were measured using mass spectrometry (Aß42/Aß40) and immunoassays (p-tau217 and NfL) in cognitively unimpaired individuals (CU, N = 591) and patients with mild cognitive impairment (MCI, N = 304) from two independent cohorts (BioFINDER-1, BioFINDER-2). RESULTS: In CU, a combination of plasma Aß42/Aß40 and p-tau217 detected abnormal brain Aß status with area under the curve (AUC) of 0.83 to 0.86. In MCI, the models including p-tau217 alone or Aß42/Aß40 and p-tau217 had similar AUCs (0.86-0.88); however, the latter showed improved model fit. The models were implemented in an online application providing individualized risk assessments (https://brainapps.shinyapps.io/PredictABplasma/). DISCUSSION: A combination of plasma Aß42/Aß40 and p-tau217 discriminated Aß status with relatively high accuracy, whereas p-tau217 showed strongest associations with Aß pathology in MCI but not in CU.

17.
Nat Commun ; 12(1): 3400, 2021 06 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34099648

RESUMO

Increased cerebrospinal fluid neurofilament light (NfL) is a recognized biomarker for neurodegeneration that can also be assessed in blood. Here, we investigate plasma NfL as a marker of neurodegeneration in 13 neurodegenerative disorders, Down syndrome, depression and cognitively unimpaired controls from two multicenter cohorts: King's College London (n = 805) and the Swedish BioFINDER study (n = 1,464). Plasma NfL was significantly increased in all cortical neurodegenerative disorders, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis and atypical parkinsonian disorders. We demonstrate that plasma NfL is clinically useful in identifying atypical parkinsonian disorders in patients with parkinsonism, dementia in individuals with Down syndrome, dementia among psychiatric disorders, and frontotemporal dementia in patients with cognitive impairment. Data-driven cut-offs highlighted the fundamental importance of age-related clinical cut-offs for disorders with a younger age of onset. Finally, plasma NfL performs best when applied to indicate no underlying neurodegeneration, with low false positives, in all age-related cut-offs.


Assuntos
Disfunção Cognitiva/diagnóstico , Depressão/diagnóstico , Síndrome de Down/diagnóstico , Doenças Neurodegenerativas/diagnóstico , Proteínas de Neurofilamentos/líquido cefalorraquidiano , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Biomarcadores/líquido cefalorraquidiano , Disfunção Cognitiva/líquido cefalorraquidiano , Estudos de Coortes , Depressão/líquido cefalorraquidiano , Síndrome de Down/líquido cefalorraquidiano , Reações Falso-Positivas , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Doenças Neurodegenerativas/líquido cefalorraquidiano , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Valores de Referência , Fatores Sexuais
18.
Nat Med ; 27(6): 954-963, 2021 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34083813

RESUMO

Biomarkers for neurodegenerative diseases are needed to improve the diagnostic workup in the clinic but also to facilitate the development and monitoring of effective disease-modifying therapies. Positron emission tomography methods detecting amyloid-ß and tau pathology in Alzheimer's disease have been increasingly used to improve the design of clinical trials and observational studies. In recent years, easily accessible and cost-effective blood-based biomarkers detecting the same Alzheimer's disease pathologies have been developed, which might revolutionize the diagnostic workup of Alzheimer's disease globally. Relevant biomarkers for α-synuclein pathology in Parkinson's disease are also emerging, as well as blood-based markers of general neurodegeneration and glial activation. This review presents an overview of the latest advances in the field of biomarkers for neurodegenerative diseases. Future directions are discussed regarding implementation of novel biomarkers in clinical practice and trials.


Assuntos
Doença de Alzheimer/diagnóstico , Biomarcadores , Doenças Neurodegenerativas/diagnóstico , Doença de Parkinson/diagnóstico , Doença de Alzheimer/genética , Doença de Alzheimer/patologia , Peptídeos beta-Amiloides/genética , Peptídeos beta-Amiloides/isolamento & purificação , Humanos , Doenças Neurodegenerativas/genética , Doenças Neurodegenerativas/patologia , Doença de Parkinson/genética , Doença de Parkinson/patologia , Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons , alfa-Sinucleína/genética , alfa-Sinucleína/isolamento & purificação , Proteínas tau/genética , Proteínas tau/isolamento & purificação
19.
Alzheimers Dement ; 2021 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34060233

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The BIN1 rs744373 single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) is a key genetic risk locus for Alzheimer's disease (AD) associated with tau pathology. Because tau typically accumulates in response to amyloid beta (Aß), we tested whether BIN1 rs744373 accelerates Aß-related tau accumulation. METHODS: We included two samples (Alzheimer's Disease Neuroimaging Initiative [ADNI], n = 153; Biomarkers for Identifying Neurodegenerative Disorders Early and Reliably [BioFINDER], n = 63) with longitudinal 18 F-Flortaucipir positron emission tomography (PET), Aß biomarkers, and longitudinal cognitive assessments. We assessed whether BIN1 rs744373 was associated with faster tau-PET accumulation at a given level of Aß and whether faster BIN1 rs744373-associated tau-PET accumulation mediated cognitive decline. RESULTS: BIN1 rs744373 risk-allele carriers showed faster global tau-PET accumulation (ADNI/BioFINDER, P < .001/P < .001). We found significant Aß by rs744373 interactions on global tau-PET change (ADNI: ß/standard error [SE] = 0.42/0.14, P = 0.002; BioFINDER: ß/SE = -0.35/0.15, P = .021), BIN1 risk-allele carriers showed accelerated tau-PET accumulation at higher Aß levels. In ADNI, rs744373 effects on cognitive decline were mediated by faster global tau-PET accumulation (ß/SE = 0.20/0.07, P = .005). DISCUSSION: BIN1-associated AD risk is potentially driven by accelerated tau accumulation in the face of Aß.

20.
Brain ; 2021 Jun 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34077494

RESUMO

It is currently unclear whether plasma biomarkers can be used as independent prognostic tools to predict changes associated with early Alzheimer's disease (AD). In this study we sought to address this question by assessing whether plasma biomarkers can predict changes in amyloid load, tau accumulation, brain atrophy and cognition in non-demented individuals. To achieve this, plasma amyloid-ß 42/40 (Aß42/40), phosphorylated-tau181 (P-tau181), phosphorylated-tau217 (P-tau217) and neurofilament light (NfL) were determined in 159 non-demented individuals, 123 patients with AD dementia and 35 patients with a non-AD dementia from the Swedish BioFINDER-2 study, who underwent longitudinal amyloid (18 F-flutemetamol) and tau (18 F-RO948) positron emission tomography (PET), structural magnetic resonance imaging (T1-weighted) and cognitive testing. Our univariate linear mixed effect models showed there were several significant associations between the plasma biomarkers with imaging and cognitive measures. However, when all biomarkers were included in the same multivariate linear mixed effect models, we found that increased longitudinal amyloid-PET signals were independently predicted by low baseline plasma Aß42/40 (p = 0.012), whereas increased tau-PET signals, brain atrophy and worse cognition were independently predicted by high plasma P-tau217 (p < 0.004). These biomarkers performed equally well or better than the corresponding biomarkers measured in the cerebrospinal fluid. In addition, they showed a similar performance to binary plasma biomarker values defined using the Youden index, which can be more easily implemented in the clinic. In addition, plasma Aß42/40 and P-tau217 did not predict longitudinal changes in patients with a non-AD neurodegenerative disorder. In conclusion, our findings indicate that plasma Aß42/40 and P-tau217 could be useful in clinical practice, research and drug development as prognostic markers of future AD pathology.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...