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1.
Andrologia ; 53(9): e14122, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34319588

RESUMO

Radical prostatectomy, radiotherapy and active surveillance are three widely used treatment options for patients with low-risk prostate cancer, but the relative effects are controversial. We searched PubMed, Embase and Web of Science until June 2020, focusing on the studies comparing the effect of radical prostatectomy, radiotherapy and active surveillance in patients with low-risk prostate cancer. Through the random-effects model, dichotomous data were extracted and summarised by odds ratio with a 95% confidence interval. Twenty-two studies containing 185,363 participants were pooled for the comprehensive comparison. The Bayesian mixed network estimate demonstrated the cancer-specific mortality of radical prostatectomy was significantly lower than active surveillance (OR, 0.46; 95% CI 0.34-0.64) and external beam radiation therapy (OR, 0.66; 95% CI 0.46-0.96), but not brachytherapy (OR, 0.63; 95% CI 0.41-1.03). The brachytherapy demonstrated the best treatment ranking probability results in terms of all-cause mortality, while no significant difference was observed when compared with other three treatment modalities. Brachytherapy and radical prostatectomy were associated with a similar risk of cancer-specific mortality, and both of them were significantly superior to active surveillance and external beam radiation therapy; nevertheless, there was no significant difference among the aforementioned treatment methods in all-cause mortality.


Assuntos
Braquiterapia , Neoplasias da Próstata , Teorema de Bayes , Humanos , Masculino , Metanálise em Rede , Prostatectomia , Neoplasias da Próstata/radioterapia , Neoplasias da Próstata/cirurgia
2.
Urology ; 74(2): 364-8, 2009 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19362343

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To avoid unnecessary lymphadenectomy for renal cell cancer (RCC) in patients with retroperitoneal enlarged lymph nodes (ELNs). METHODS: Frozen section examination (FSE) of ELNs was used to evaluate the lymphatic status. In the present study, 114 patients with RCC underwent FSE of ELNs and concurrent regional lymphadenectomy. The results of FSE were compared with the final histopathologic results of lymphadenectomy. Some clinical tumor characteristics were also considered to improve the evaluation effect of the FSE. Multiple regression analysis was applied to define the independent risk factors for lymphatic metastasis. RESULTS: The final histopathologic results indicated that 36 patients (31.6%) had nodal metastases. In these 36 patients, the FSE of ELNs revealed positive findings in 32 patients and negative findings in 4 patients. The sensitivity, specificity, concordance, and false-negative rate of FSE was 88.9%, 100%, 96.5%, and 11.1%, respectively. Multivariate analysis revealed that distant metastasis and high T stage (T3-T4) were independent risk factors for lymphatic metastasis. When FSE indicated negative results, no nodal metastases were found (64 patients) without these 2 risk factors. CONCLUSIONS: ELNs in patients with RCC do not necessarily indicate metastatic disease, and more than one half of ELNs were benign. FSE of ELNs can be used to evaluate the lymphatic status. Using the findings from FSE and the clinical characteristics of the primary tumor, we can avoid unnecessary lymphadenectomy in patients with retroperitoneal ELNs.


Assuntos
Biópsia , Carcinoma de Células Renais/cirurgia , Secções Congeladas , Neoplasias Renais/cirurgia , Excisão de Linfonodo , Linfonodos/patologia , Nefrectomia , Adulto , Idoso , Carcinoma de Células Renais/secundário , Feminino , Humanos , Neoplasias Renais/patologia , Metástase Linfática , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Espaço Retroperitoneal , Sensibilidade e Especificidade
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