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1.
World Neurosurg ; 2021 Mar 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33812066

RESUMO

Ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament (OPLL) is a pathological process in which lamellar bone is deposited at the posterior longitudinal ligament and can lead to a limited range of cervical motion and spinal cord compression. A 64-year-old man presented to the clinic department with a 10-month history of worsening clumsiness in the hands and impaired gait, and he occasionally had a feeling of an electric shock in the limbs when the neck was flexed. The physical examination revealed atrophy of the intrinsic hand muscles, rapid reflexes in the lower extremities, and positive Hoffman sign and Babinski sign results. "Seesaw"-like OPLL was observed on the hyperextension and hyperflexion X-rays, which also showed that the case of OPLL involved the spinal canal; laminoplasty and laminectomy were not recommended for this specific type of OPLL, even though the K-line was positive on both X-rays.

2.
Orthop Surg ; 2021 Mar 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33749136

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to use a gelatin sponge impregnated with dexamethasone, combined with minimally invasive transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (MIS-TLIF) and no drainage tube after the operation for early postoperative recurrence of root pain caused by edema. METHODS: A prospective case series study was designed. From September 2015 to January 2018, eligible patients diagnosed with lumbar degenerative disease underwent MIS-TLIF combined with a gelatin sponge impregnated with dexamethasone and no drainage tube after surgery. The short-term clinical data were collected, such as visual analog scale (VAS) scores for low back pain and leg pain preoperatively and on postoperative days (POD) 1-10, time bedridden postoperatively, and length of hospital stay postoperatively. Long-term indicators include the Japanese Orthopaedic Association (JOA) score, the Oswestry Disability Index (ODI) score, and the 36-Item Short-Form Health Survey (SF-36) score, evaluated preoperatively and 1 week, 3 months, and more than 1 year postoperatively. RESULTS: Complete clinical data was obtained for 139 patients. All patients were followed up for more than 12 months (13.7 ± 3.3 months). The average bedridden period was 1.5 ± 0.4 days and hospital stays were 2.7 ± 0.9 days. The VAS score of leg and back pain on POD 1-10 were all decreased compared with preoperation (all P < 0.0001). At the last follow up, the VAS scores for back pain and leg pain (0.69 ± 0.47; 1.02 ± 0.55) and the ODI score (11.1 ± 3.5) decreased (all P < 0.0001), and the JOA score (27.1 ± 3.2) and the SF-36 (physical component summary, 50.5 ± 7.3; mental component summary, 49.4 ± 8.9) increased (all P < 0.0001) compared with preoperative values. Patients' early and long-term levels of satisfaction postoperatively were 92.8% and 97.8%, respectively. At POD 7 and the last follow-up, the improvement rate of the JOA score, respectively, was 41.8% ± 10.6% and 87.7% ± 8.2%, and clinical effects assessed as significantly effective according to the improvement rate of the JOA score was 16.5% and 66.9%, respectively. There were 2 (1.4%) cases with complications, including 1 (0.7%) case of wound infection and 1 (0.7%) case of deep vein thrombosis. There were no device-related complications or neurological injuries. CONCLUSION: Use of a gelatin sponge impregnated with dexamethasone combined with MIS-TLIF and no drainage tube after the operation, compared with previous studies, appears to be safe and feasible to reduce recurrent back pain and leg pain after decompression in the treatment of lumbar degenerative disease.

4.
J Orthop Surg (Hong Kong) ; 28(3): 2309499020975213, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33355038

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The study aimed to develop an evidence-based expert consensus statement on diagnosis and treatment of cervical ossification posterior longitudinal ligament (OPLL). METHOD: Delphi method was used to perform such survey, and the panel members from Asia Pacific Spine Society (APSS) 2020 were invited to answer the open-ended questions in rounds 1 and 2. Then the results were summarized and developed into a Likert-style questionnaire for voting in round 3, and the level of agreement was defined as 80%. In the whole process, we conducted a systematic literature search on evidence for each statement. RESULTS: Cervical OPLL can cause various degrees of neurological symptoms, an it's thought to be more common in Asia population. CT reconstruction is an important imaging examination to assist diagnosis and guide surgical choice. Segmental, continuous, mixed, and focal type is the most widely used classification system. The non-surgical treatment is recommended for patients with no or mild clinical symptoms, or irreversible neurological damage, or failed surgical decompression, or condition cannot tolerant surgery, or refusing surgery. As OPLL may continue to develop gradually, surgical treatment would be considered in their course inevitably. The surgical choice should depend on various conditions, such as involved levels, thickness, and type of OPLL, skill-experiences of surgeons, which are listed and discussed in the article. CONCLUSION: In this statement, we describe the clinical features, classifications, and diagnostic criteria of cervical OPLL, and review various surgical methods (such as their indications, complications), and provide a guideline on their choice strategy.

5.
Clin Interv Aging ; 15: 2227-2230, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33244225

RESUMO

Background: Ankylosing spondylitis with Andersson lesions is not rare, but its potential pathogenesis and natural course remain unclear. Case Description: We describe a case of CT image changes in ankylosing spondylitis from fracture to Andersson lesions. A 40-year-old man with a 23-year history of ankylosing spondylitis presented with acute back pain after a slight fall, and the CT showed a T12 fracture; the patient refused surgery for 12 months. The process from fracture to Andersson lesions was characterized by CT, including the subsequent interbody bone graft with internal fixation and successful bone fusion at the last follow-up. Histopathologic analysis showed degenerative fibrocartilage tissue calcification, necrotic intervertebral disc tissue, fibrovascular hyperplasia, and focal accumulation of inflammatory cells. Conclusion: Aseptic inflammation and persistent instability caused by a fracture contributed in the course from fracture to Andersson lesions in ankylosing spondylitis. CT can accurately track the pathological process, and interbody fusion via the posterior pedicle lateral approach can achieve satisfactory effectiveness, good fusion and kyphosis correction.

6.
J Pain Res ; 13: 2799-2804, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33173329

RESUMO

Objective: To present the case of a patient on long-term anticoagulants who developed acute spinal epidural hematoma (SEH) after percutaneous kyphoplasty (PKP) without signs of major cement extravasation to the spinal canal. Methods: A 64-year-old woman with long-term oral antiplatelet drugs underwent the L1 PKP. Immediately after the operation, the back pain improved significantly without neurological deficit. However, 12 hours later, she developed progressive weakness of the bilateral lower limbs. No intraspinal cement leakage was obvious on the postoperative lumbar radiograph and computed tomography. Results: An emergency MRI examination revealed a high signal aggregation in front of the spinal cord from T12 to L1, indicating spinal cord compression. The SEH was verified and removed during the laminectomy from T12-L1. Following the decompression surgery, the neurological deficit of the lower limbs improved. On follow-up after 6 months, the muscle strength of the bilateral lower limbs had returned to normal. Conclusion: For the patient with long-term oral antiplatelet drugs or coagulation malfunction, the transpedicle approach or that via the costovertebral joint with a smaller abduction angle is recommended to reduce the risk of injury to the inner wall of the pedicle. For progressive aggravation of neurological dysfunction after surgery, SEH formation should be suspected despite the absence of intraspinal bone cement leakage. Secondary emergency decompression should be considered to avoid permanent damage to spinal cord nerve function caused by continuous compression.

7.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33156279

RESUMO

STUDY DESIGN: Clinical case series. OBJECTIVE: To propose a novel posterior ligament-bone injury classification and severity (PLICS) score system that can be used to reflect the severity of subaxial cervical fracture dislocations (SCFDs) and predict the failure of anterior-only surgery; and to measure the intraobserver and interobserver reliability of this system. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: The approach selection for SCFDs is controversial. While the anterior approach is familiar for most surgeons, postoperative hardware failure and/or delayed cervical deformity is a nonnegligible complication. METHODS: Ten patients were randomly selected for intraobserver reliability evaluation on two separate occasions, one month apart. Another 30 patients were randomly selected, and the interobserver reliability was measured by comparing results of each case between each reviewer and averaging. To analyze the difference in the PLICS score, 354 patients fulfilled the follow-up were divided into stable and unstable groups according to whether radiologically stable was observed during follow-up. RESULTS: For the intraobserver reliability, the mean intraclass correlation coefficient for the ten reviewers was 0.931. For the interobserver reliability, the mean interobserver correlation coefficient for the three elements was 0.863. Among 16 patients with PLICS score ≥ 7, 2 patients in the stable group manifested with severe injury of the posterior ligamentous complex (PLC); extremely unstable lateral mass fractures with or without severe injury of PLC was detected in the 14 patients of the unstable group. CONCLUSION: The proposed PLICS score system showed excellent intraobserver and interobserver reliability. When a PLICS score is > 7 or = 7 accompanied by extremely unstable lateral mass fractures, the risk of postoperative failure after an anterior-only reconstruction is high and supplemental posterior strengthening can be considered. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: 4.

8.
Int Orthop ; 2020 Sep 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32989559

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The accuracy of robot-assisted pedicle screw implantation is a safe and effective method in lumbar surgery, but it still remains controversial in lumbar revision surgery. This study evaluated the clinical safety and accuracy of robot-assisted versus freehand pedicle screw implantation in lumbar revision surgery. METHODS: This was a retrospective study. From January 2018 to December 2019, 81 patients underwent posterior lumbar revision surgery in our hospital. Among them, 39 patients underwent revision surgery performed with robot-assisted pedicle screw implantation (Renaissance robotic system), whereas the remaining 42 patients underwent traditional freehand pedicle screw implantation. All patients underwent magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), computed tomography (CT), and X-ray before revision surgery. The sex, age, body mass index, bone mineral density, operative time, blood loss, operative segments, intra-operative fluoroscopy time, and complications were compared between the two groups. The accuracy of pedicle screw implantation was measured on CT scans based on Gertzbein Robbins grading, and the invasion of superior level facet joint was evaluated by Babu's method. RESULTS: There was no statistical difference about the baseline between the two groups (P > 0.05). Although there were no significant differences in operative time and complications between the two groups (P > 0.05), the robot-assisted group had significantly less intra-operative blood loss and shorter intra-operative fluoroscopy times than the freehand group (P < 0.05). In the robot-assisted group, a total of 267 screws were inserted, which were marked as grade A in 250, grade B in 13, grade C in four, and no grade D or E in any screw. In terms of invasion of superior level facet joint, a total of 78 screws were inserted in the robot-assisted group, which were marked as grade 0 in 73, grade 1 in four, grade 2 in one, and grade 3 in zero. By comparison, 288 screws were placed in total in the freehand group, which were rated as grade A in 251, grade B in 28, grade C in eight, grade D in one, and no grade E in any screw. A total of 82 superior level facet joint screws were inserted in freehand group, which were marked as grade 0 in 62, grade one in 18, grade 2 in two, and grade 3 in zero. The robot-assisted technique was statistically superior to the freehand method in the accuracy of screw placement (P < 0.05). CONCLUSION: Compared with freehand screw implantation, in lumbar revision surgery, the Renaissance robot had higher accuracy and safety of pedicle screw implantation, fewer superior level facet joint violations, and less intra-operative blood loss and intra-operative fluoroscopy time.

10.
Eur Spine J ; 2020 Sep 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32876731

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To propose a novel classification and scoring system called the posterior ligament-bone injury classification and severity score (PLICS) that offers a quantitative score to guide the need for posterior stabilization in addition to anterior reconstruction for subaxial cervical fracture dislocations (SCFDs). METHODS: A total of 456 patients with SCFDs were prospectively included. Patients with PLICS ≥ 7 together with extremely unstable lateral mass fracture (EULMF) were classified as high-risk group, and the other patients were classified as low-risk group. For patients in the low-risk group, anterior-only reconstruction was performed; for patients in the high-risk group, additional posterior lateral mass fixation and fusion was performed after anterior reconstruction. Clinical outcome evaluation included using the visual analogue score (VAS), the Neck Disability Index (NDI), and the American Spinal Injury Association (ASIA) impairment scale. The change in the local sagittal alignment kyphosis Cobb angle was also recorded. RESULTS: A total of 370 patients (81.1%) completed the minimal 12-month follow-ups, including 321 patients of low-risk group and 49 patients of high-risk group. Compared with the average VAS score preoperatively, the score at 12-month follow-up was significantly improved (from 6.1 + 0.3 to 1.1 + 0.2 in the low-risk group, P < 0.001; from 6.4 + 0.2 to 1.4 + 0.2 in the high-risk group, P < 0.001). The average NDI score at the 12-month follow-up was statistically low in the low-risk group (8.8 + 2.5 vs 13.8 + 3.4, P = 0.034). At least more than one grade improvement in the ASIA scale was observed in 80.5% of all patients. The local kyphosis Cobb angle at the injured segment averaged improved in both groups. CONCLUSION: A PLICS score ≥ 7 together with EULMF can be the threshold for posterior stabilization in addition to anterior reconstruction for the patients with SCFDs.

11.
J Orthop Surg Res ; 15(1): 348, 2020 Aug 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32831125

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: We propose a new classification system for chronic symptomatic osteoporotic thoracolumbar fracture (CSOTF) based on fracture morphology. Research on CSOTF has increased in recent years; however, the lack of a standard classification system has resulted in inconvenient communication, research, and treatment. Previous CSOTF classification studies exhibit different symptoms, with none being widely accepted. METHODS: Imaging data of 368 patients with CSOTF treated at our hospital from January 2010 to June 2017 were systematically analyzed to develop a classification system. Imaging examinations included dynamic radiography, computed tomography scans, and magnetic resonance imaging. Ten investigators methodically studied the classification system grading in 40 cases on two occasions, examined 1 month apart. Kappa coefficients (κ) were calculated to determine intraobserver and interobserver reliability. Based on the radiographic characteristics, the patients were divided into 5 types, and different treatments were suggested for each type. Clinical outcome evaluation included using the visual analog score (VAS), the Oswestry disability index (ODI), and the American Spinal Injury Association (ASIA) impairment scale. RESULTS: The new classification system for CSOTF was divided into types I-V according to whether the CSOTF exhibited dynamic instability, spinal stenosis or kyphosis deformity. Intra- and interobserver reliability were excellent for all types (κ = 0.83 and 0.85, respectively). The VAS score and ODI of each type were significantly improved at the final follow-up compared with those before surgery. In all patients with neurological impairment, the ASIA grading after surgery was significantly improved compared with that before surgery (P < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: The new classification system for CSOTF demonstrated excellent reliability in this initial assessment. The treatment algorithm based on the classification can result in satisfactory improvement of clinical efficacy for the patients of CSOFT.

12.
World Neurosurg ; 144: e368-e375, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32861904

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To compare clinical efficacy, radiographic outcome, and radiation exposure between mini-open pedicle screw (MPS) fixation with the Wiltse approach and percutaneous pedicle screw (PPS) fixation in treatment of young and middle-aged patients with thoracolumbar burst fractures. METHODS: Of 60 patients with thoracolumbar vertebrae fractures treated in our hospital from January 2017 to January 2018, 30 were randomly assigned to the MPS group and 30 were randomly assigned to the PPS group. Clinical efficacy, radiographic outcome, and radiation exposure were compared between the 2 groups. RESULTS: The average age of patients was 42.2 ± 6.7 years in the MPS group and 43.0 ± 6.9 years in the PPS group (P = 0.668). There was no significant difference between the 2 groups in blood loss, hospital stay, postoperative visual analog scale score for back pain, and Oswestry Disability Index score. The vertebral body height and vertebral body angle of the MPS group were significantly better than those of the PPS group at the last follow-up. There was no significant difference in the accuracy rate of pedicle screw placement between the MPS group and the PPS group; the facet joint violation was significantly higher in the PPS group. The average radiation exposure dosage was lower in the MPS group. CONCLUSIONS: Both MPS fixation with the Wiltse approach and PPS fixation are safe and effective in the treatment of single-segment thoracolumbar vertebral fractures. Nevertheless, considering the surgical duration, radiation exposure, facet joint violation, vertebral body height, and vertebral body angle at the last follow-up, MPS fixation with the Wiltse approach is a better choice than PPS.

13.
BMC Musculoskelet Disord ; 21(1): 423, 2020 Jul 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32615953

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study aimed to compare the clinical outcomes and complications between laminectomy and fusion (LF) and laminoplasty (LP) for multi-level cervical spondylotic myelopathy (MCSM) with increased signal intensity (ISI) on T2-weighted images (T2WI). METHODS: In this retrospective cohort study, we analyzed 52 patients with MCSM with ISI on T2WI who underwent laminoplasty (LP group). The Japanese Orthopedic Association (JOA) score, the Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) score, the physical and mental component scores (PCS and MCS) of Short-Form 36 (SF-36), and the extension and flexion ranges of motion (ROMs) were recorded. As controls, propensity score matching identified 52 patients who underwent laminectomy and fusion (LF group) from January 2014 to June 2016 using 7 independent variables (preoperation): age, sex, JOA score, SF-36 PCS, SF-36 MCS, preoperative symptom duration and high signal intensity ratio (HSIR). RESULTS: The operative duration in the LF group was significantly higher than that in the LP group. At the last follow-up, the JOA score, VAS score, and SF-36 (PCS and MCS) scores were all significantly improved in both groups. The extension and flexion ROMs were decreased in both groups but significantly better in the LP group than in the LF group. Both groups demonstrated similar clinical improvements at the final follow-up. The complication rate was higher in the LF group. CONCLUSION: The present study demonstrates that LP for MCSM with ISI on T2WI achieves similar clinical improvement as LF. However, longer operative durations, higher complication rates and lower extension and flexion ROMs were found in the LF group.

14.
Pain Physician ; 23(3): 305-314, 2020 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32517397

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Percutaneous endoscopic lumbar discectomy (PELD) via the transforaminal approach is difficult at L5-S1 in patients presenting with high iliac crests (HIC). The conventional wisdom is that measurement using lumbar radiography, computed tomography (CT), or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is necessary. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to introduce a lumbo-iliac triangular (LI-Tri) technique based on biplane oblique fluoroscopy and verify whether it facilitated transforaminal PELD for patients with L5-S1 lumbar disc herniation (LDH) combined with HIC. STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective analysis. SETTING: All data were from Honghui Hospital in Xi'an. METHODS: One hundred patients with L5-S1 LDH combined with HIC were treated with PELD. The LI-Tri technique was used in the first 50 patients (applied group). The other 50 patients were classified as the nonapplied group, in which the conventional technique was performed. Clinical outcome evaluation included Oswestry Disability Index (ODI) and Visual Analog Scale (VAS) scores. The intervals of follow-up were scheduled at 1 day and 1, 3, 6, 12, and 24 months postoperatively. RESULTS: No significant difference was observed with respect to demographic information (P < .05, respectively). There were 8 patients in the nonapplied group with difficult punctures. Together with the remaining 50 patients, the puncture was successful with the LI-Tri technique. The mean operative duration was shorter in the applied group (55 vs 70 min, P < .01). Compared to the preoperative data, only the back pain VAS and ODI in the nonapplied group were nonsignificantly lower at one day postoperatively (P > .05, respectively). With the exception of the back pain VAS and ODI at one day postoperatively, no significant differences were observed in the 3 parameters at other time points postoperatively between 2 groups (P > .05, respectively). LIMITATIONS: The study is limited by its retrospective, nonrandomized controlled design. CONCLUSIONS: For patients with L5-S1 LDH combined with HIC treated by transforaminal PELD, the LI-Tri technique is simple and effective in preoperative evaluations, locating the skin entry point and guiding the puncture trajectory. Compared to the conventional technique, it shows advantages in terms of reducing intraoperative surgical duration and promoting fast postoperative recovery. KEY WORDS: Endoscopic discectomy, iliac crest, L5-S1 disc, PELD, percutaneous, transforaminal.


Assuntos
Discotomia Percutânea/métodos , Deslocamento do Disco Intervertebral/cirurgia , Radiografia Intervencionista/métodos , Adulto , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Endoscopia/métodos , Feminino , Fluoroscopia/métodos , Humanos , Região Lombossacral/cirurgia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos
15.
J Orthop Surg Res ; 15(1): 214, 2020 Jun 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32517761

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: While the cities in China in which spinal cord injury (SCI) studies have been conducted previously are at the forefront of medical care, northwest China is relatively underdeveloped economically, and the epidemiological characteristics of SCI have rarely been reported in this region. METHODS: The SCI epidemiological survey software developed was used to analyze the data of patients treated with SCI from 2014 to 2018. The sociodemographic characteristics of patients, including name, age, sex, and occupation, were recorded. The following medical record data, obtained from physical and radiographic examinations, were included in the study: data on the cause of injury, fracture location, associated injuries, and level of injury. Neurological function was evaluated using the American Spinal Injury Association (ASIA) impairment scale. In addition, the treatment and complications during hospitalization were documented. RESULTS: A total of 3487 patients with SCI with a mean age of 39.5 ± 11.2 years were identified in this study, and the male to female ratio was 2.57:1. The primary cause of SCI was falls (low falls 47.75%, high falls 37.31%), followed by traffic accidents (8.98%), and impact with falling objects (4.39%). Of all patients, 1786 patients (51.22%) had complications and other injuries. According to the ASIA impairment scale, the numbers of grade A, B, C, and D injuries were 747 (21.42%), 688 (19.73%), 618 (17.72%), and 1434 (41.12%), respectively. During the hospitalization period, a total of 1341 patients experienced complications, with a percentage of 38.46%. Among all complications, pulmonary infection was the most common (437, 32.59%), followed by hyponatremia (326, 24.31%), bedsores (219, 16.33%), urinary tract infection (168, 12.53%), deep venous thrombosis (157, 11.71%), and others (34, 2.53%). Notably, among 3487 patients with SCI, only 528 patients (15.14%) received long-term rehabilitation treatment. CONCLUSION: The incidence of SCI in northwest China was on the rise with higher proportion in males; fall and the MCVs were the primary causes of SCI. The occupations most threatened by SCI are farmers and workers. The investigation and analysis of the epidemiological characteristics of SCI in respiratory complications are important factors leading to death after SCI, especially when the SCI occurs in the cervical spinal cord. Finally, the significance of SCI rehabilitation should be addressed.

16.
J Pain Res ; 13: 771-776, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32368130

RESUMO

Objective: To report a rare case of spontaneous fusion (SF) following cervical disc arthroplasty (CDA), to review the related literature, and to propose a new measure to prevent it. Methods: The course of a patient with SF is described here. The potential causes, risk factors, and preventive measure of SF after CDA published in previous studies have also been reviewed and discussed. Results: A 63-year-old man presented with a 6-month history of progressive neck pain and developed left C-7 radiculopathy 4 years ago. Magnetic resonance imaging revealed disc herniation at the C6-C7 levels resulting in compression of the left C-7 nerve root. The patient underwent CDA at the C6-C7 levels, during which a PRESTIGE cervical disc device was implanted. He failed to follow-up regularly as recommended postoperatively because he was completely free from the pain in his neck and left upper limb. Four years later, he was readmitted with a 2-month history of occasional neck stiffness. Plain radiographs indicated complete radiographic fusion of the C6-C7 levels with trabecular bone bridging surrounding the cervical disc prosthesis, and dynamic imaging showed no motion. He was seen at regular follow-up visits for up to 60 months without special treatment, as his symptoms of neck stiffness were minor and his symptom has not worsened since then. Conclusion: SF after CDA is a rare condition that can be attributed to patient- or prosthesis-related causes, and its risk factors are diverse. SF after CDA did not affect the patient's clinical outcome, and no special treatment was required for it. Practitioners should be aware of this rare complication and advise patients of the risks before performing CDA.

18.
J Orthop Surg Res ; 15(1): 161, 2020 Apr 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32334610

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To discuss the sensitivity and specificity of the combinations of multiple factors that work on bone infection after artificial joint, and provide evidence-based medical basis for the early diagnosis of infection after artificial joint. METHODS: A retrospective review was conducted on 35 patients diagnosed with periprosthetic joint infections (PJI) or aseptic loosening (AL) who both received revision operation from January 2011 to January 2015. Analyzing and comparing their epidemiology indexes and expounded a series of auxiliary examinations corresponding positive diagnosis ratio. RESULTS: Thirty-five patients were divided into two groups. One is called group PJI which includes 16 patients, and the other is called group AL which contains 19 patients. There was no statistical difference between in age (p = 0.536), gender ratio (p = 0.094), and the time of catching infection or getting loose (p = 0.055). Swelling was statistical significant (p = 0.0435 < 0.05). AUC of CRP = 0.947, ESR = 0.893, IL-6 = 0.893, PCT = 0.781, WBC = 0.839, and PMN = 0.755, respectively, CRP has a high diagnostic value to PJI, ESR, IL-6, PCT, WBC, and PMN% possess a moderate diagnostic value. There were 3 cases of PJI whose pathological paraffin section showed infectious inflammatory cells (100%). three PJI patients and one AL patient whose 99mTc-MDP examination presented 100% infection or looseness rate. CONCLUSION: CRP has a high diagnostic value to PJI. Histopathology HE staining, Gram staining, and 99mTc-MDP provide a highly accurate diagnosis for PJI. Therefore, the results suggest combining the unique clinical symptoms of PJI patients with relevant laboratory indexes, histopathologic characteristics, and imageological examinations that can improve diagnostic sensitivity and specificity of PJI in its early stage.

19.
Zhongguo Gu Shang ; 33(1): 27-37, 2020 Jan 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32115921

RESUMO

EDITOR'S NOTE: EDITOR'S NOTE In 2019, the clinical practice guideline of integrated traditional Chinese and western medicine atlantoaxial dislocation (ADD) was developed by the professional committee of spine medicine of the Chinese Association for Integration of Chinese and Western medicine, aiming at the major clinical problems of atlantoaxial dislocation (AAD) endangering the life center of the medulla oblongata in the field of spine surgery. More than 40 experts at home and abroad in the field of cervical spine surgery organized the first guide for the diagnosis and treatment of AAD. Guided by the principles of evidence based medicine and the consensus of experts, this guideline is based on the theory of "combination of disease and syndrome, from supervision to treatment" for the diagnosis and treatment of AAD;based on the treatment principles of "spinal cord decompression, reconstruction of atlantoaxial stability";based on Tan technology, Goel technology, Abumi technology and other core technologies for surgical treatment. The main content includes four parts:AAD diagnosis standard, TCM syndrome differentiation, clinical classification, treatment strategy and method. It provides academic guidance to solve the clinical situation of AAD, which is "unclear definition of diagnosis and classification, confused choice of treatment strategy". ABSTRACT: Clinical Practice Guideline of Integrated Traditional Chinese and Western Medicine:Atlantoaxial Dislocation (AAD) was enacted by the academic committee of spine surgery of integrated traditional Chinese and Western medicine. The guideline's recommendations forms by evidence-based medicine and the expert consensus of Integrative Medicine. The guidement principles is "spinal cord decompression, reconstruction of atlantoaxial stability". The objective of the guideline is providing an academic suggestion. The main contents include diagnostic criteria, traditional Chinese medicine's (TCM) dialectical method, clinical classification, treatment strategies and methods.


Assuntos
Medicina Integrativa , Luxações Articulares , Descompressão Cirúrgica , Humanos , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa
20.
World Neurosurg ; 138: 201-204, 2020 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32179190

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) solution is commonly used to irrigate wounds because of its hemostatic and antiseptic properties. Previous studies suggest that H2O2 can result in toxicity to keratinocytes and fibroblasts, but complications after H2O2 application, including oxygen embolism, which is one of the most severe, have rarely been reported. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 40-year-old woman was diagnosed with L4-5 lumbar spinal stenosis and subsequently underwent minimally invasive transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion treatment at another hospital. Hypotension, hypoxia, and a decrease in end-tidal carbon dioxide pressure occurred immediately after H2O2 irrigation. After the operation, she was able to be extubated but remained comatose. Postoperative computed tomography scan revealed intracranial air trapping in the right frontal lobe and multiple cerebral infarction foci. CONCLUSIONS: When using a knee-prone surgical position or in cases of dural laceration, the application of undiluted H2O2 solution should be avoided, especially in a surgical wound within a closed cavity. When hypotension, hypoxia, and a decrease in end-tidal carbon dioxide pressure occur immediately after H2O2 irrigation, oxygen embolism should be strongly suspected.


Assuntos
Anti-Infecciosos Locais/efeitos adversos , Embolia Aérea/etiologia , Peróxido de Hidrogênio/efeitos adversos , Pneumocefalia/etiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Fusão Vertebral/efeitos adversos , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Vértebras Lombares , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Minimamente Invasivos/efeitos adversos , Oxigênio , Estenose Espinal/cirurgia
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