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Dalton Trans ; 41(37): 11361-8, 2012 Oct 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22886001


The formation mechanism is always a fundamental and confused issue for polyoxometalate chemistry. Two formation mechanisms (M1 and M2) of the Lindqvist anion [W(6)O(19)](2-) have been adopted to investigate it's self-assembly reaction pathways at a density functional theory (DFT) level. The potential energy surfaces reveal that both the mechanisms are thermodynamically favorable and overall barrierless at room temperature, but M2 is slightly dominant to M1. The formation of the pentanuclear species [W(5)O(16)](2-) and [W(5)O(15)(OH)](-) are recognized as the rate-determining steps in the whole assembly polymerization processes. These two steps involve the highest energy barriers with 30.48 kcal mol(-1) and 28.90 kcal mol(-1), respectively, for M1 and M2. [W(4)O(13)](2-) and [W(4)O(12)(OH)](-) are proved to be the most stable building blocks. In addition, DFT results reveal that the formation of [W(3)O(10)](2-) experiences a lower barrier along the chain channel.

Teoria Quântica , Compostos de Tungstênio/química , Água/química , Ânions , Modelos Moleculares , Soluções
J Mol Model ; 18(7): 3219-25, 2012 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22246287


In view of their intriguing structural and electrical properties, the linear and nonlinear optical (NLO) responses of six carbon nanotube (CNT) molecules substituted by nitrogen atoms at one end have been explored by using the CAM-B3LYP method. Molecules 1, 2 and 3 were obtained by increasing the lengths of the CNTs, and 1-Li, 2-Li and 3-Li were constructed by doping one Li atom into the N-substituted end of 1, 2 and 3 (mentioned above), respectively. Two effective approaches have been proposed to increase nonlinear optical properties(NLO): increasing the length of the CNT as well as doping one Li atom into the N-substituted end. The results show that both the linear polarizabilities (α(0)) and nonlinear first hyperpolarizabilities (ß(tot)) values increase with increasing the lengths of the CNTs: 188 of 1 < 307 of 2 < 453 of 3 for α(0) and 477 of 1 < 2654 of 2 < 3906 au of 3 for ß(tot). Significantly, compared with the non-doped CNTs, the ß(tot) values are remarkably enhanced by doping one Li atom into the N-substituted end: 477 of 1 < 23258 of 1-Li, 2654 of 2 < 37244 of 2-Li, and 3906 of 3 < 72004 au of 3-Li. Moreover, the ß(vec) values show a similar trend to the ß(tot) values. Our results may be beneficial to experimentalists in exploring high-performance nonlinear optical materials based on CNT.

Nanotubos de Carbono/química , Nitrogênio/química , Óptica e Fotônica , Modelos Moleculares
J Chem Phys ; 130(12): 124705, 2009 Mar 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19334870


Stimulated by the mass spectroscopic observation of the metallofullerene Ca@C(44), we have performed a systematic investigation to search for the most stable isomer using HF/3-21G approximately LanL2DZ, HF/6-31+G(d), B3LYP/6-31+G(d), and MP2/6-31+G(d)//B3LYP/6-31+G(d) methods. The Ca@C(44) (D(2):53) isomer with eight adjacent pentagons in the fullerene framework is predicted to possess the lowest energy. The thermodynamics stability explorations of Ca@C(44) isomers at different temperatures show that Ca@C(44) (D(2):53) is the most thermodynamically stable in the temperature range of absolute zero to 4000 K. The encapsulation of Ca atom in C(44) fullerene is exothermic, and the electronic structure of Ca@C(44) (D(2):53) can be described formally as Ca(2+)@C(44) (2-). Further analysis on the frontier molecular orbitals and density of states of Ca@C(44) (D(2):53) suggests that both highest occupied molecular orbital and lowest unoccupied molecular orbital are carbonlike with low Ca character, and the carbon cage possesses high chemical activity. In addition, the vibrational spectrum of Ca@C(44) (D(2):53) has been simulated and analyzed to gain an insight into the metal-cage vibrations.