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1.
Microb Biotechnol ; 2021 May 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33939325

RESUMO

Since methylotrophic yeasts such as Ogataea methanolica can use methanol as a sole carbon feedstock, they could be applied to produce valuable products from methanol, a next-generation energy source synthesized from natural gases, using genetic engineering tools. In this study, metabolite profiling of O. methanolica was conducted under glucose (Glc) and low and high methanol (L- and H-MeOH) conditions to show the adaptation mechanism to a H-MeOH environment. The yeast strain responded not only to the presence of methanol but also to its concentration based on the growth condition. Under H-MeOH conditions, O. methanolica downregulated the methanol utilization, glycolytic pathway and alcohol oxidase (AOD) isozymes and dihydroxyacetone synthase (DAS) expression compared with L-MeOH-grown cells. However, levels of energy carriers, such as ATP, were maintained to support cell survival. In H-MeOH-grown cells, reactive oxygen species (ROS) levels were significantly elevated. Along with increasing ROS levels, ROS scavenging system expression was significantly increased in H-MeOH-grown cells. Thus, we concluded that formaldehyde and H2 O2 , which are products of methanol oxidation by AOD isozymes in the peroxisome, are overproduced in H-MeOH-grown cells, and excessive ROS derived from these cells is generated in the cytosol, resulting in upregulation of the antioxidant system and downregulation of the methanol-utilizing pathway to suppress overproduction of toxic intermediates.

2.
Eur Radiol ; 2021 May 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33956178

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To compare the performance of a deep learning (DL)-based method for diagnosing pulmonary nodules compared with radiologists' diagnostic approach in computed tomography (CT) of the chest. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 150 pathologically confirmed pulmonary nodules (60% malignant) assessed and reported by radiologists were included. CT images were processed by the proposed DL-based method to generate the probability of malignancy (0-100%), and the nodules were divided into the groups of benign (0-39.9%), indeterminate (40.0-59.9%), and malignant (60.0-100%). Taking the pathological results as the gold standard, we compared the diagnostic performance of the proposed DL-based method with the radiologists' diagnostic approach using the McNemar-Bowker test. RESULTS: There was a statistically significant difference between the diagnosis results of the proposed DL-based method and the radiologists' diagnostic approach (p < 0.001). Moreover, there was no statistically significant difference in the composition of the diagnosis results between the proposed DL-based method and the radiologists' diagnostic approach (all p > 0.05). The difference in diagnostic accuracy between the proposed DL-based method (70%) and radiologists' diagnostic performance (64%) was not statistically significant (p = 0.243). CONCLUSIONS: The proposed DL-based method achieved an accuracy comparable with the radiologists' diagnostic approach in clinical practice. Furthermore, its advantage in improving diagnostic certainty may raise the radiologists' confidence in diagnosing pulmonary nodules and may help clinical management. Therefore, the proposed DL-based method showed great potential in a certain clinical application. KEY POINTS: • Deep learning-based method for diagnosing the pulmonary nodules in computed tomography provides a higher diagnostic certainty.

3.
Mol Immunol ; 134: 236-246, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33836352

RESUMO

Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is the most common inflammatory arthropathy, with evidence pointing to an immune-mediated etiology that propagates chronic inflammation. Although targeted immune therapeutics and aggressive treatment strategies have substantially improved, a complete understanding of the associated pathological mechanisms of the disease remains elusive. This study aimed at investigating whether regulator of G protein signaling 10 (RGS10) could affect rheumatoid arthritis (RA) pathology by regulating the immune response. A DBA/J1 mouse model of RA was established and evaluated for disease severity. RGS10 expression was inhibited by adeno-associated virus in vivo. Moreover, small interfering RNA was used to downregulate RGS10 expression in raw 264.7 cells in vitro. Results showed that RGS10 inhibition augmented RA severity, and attenuated the increase in expression of inflammatory factors. Furthermore, activated NF-κB signaling pathways were detected following RGS10 inhibition. These results revealed that RGS10 inhibition directly aggravated the RA pathological process by activating the NF-κB signaling pathway. Therefore, RGS10 is a promising novel therapeutic target for RA treatment with a potential clinical impact.

4.
Orthop Traumatol Surg Res ; : 102947, 2021 Apr 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33930585

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Whether hepatitis C virus (HCV)-positive patients are at risk for increased complications and long hospital stay following total joint arthroplasty (TJA) remains unclear. Therefore we performed a meta-analysis aiming to answer the following question: 1) are there differences in postoperative complications including joint infection and mortality between patients with or without hepatitis C following TJAs? 2) Are patients without HCV be associated with less blood loss, shorter hospital stay, lower readmission rate, higher function scores, lower revision and reoperation rates than patients with HCV? METHODS: A meta-analysis was conducted to pool data and quantitatively assessing the association between HCV infection and risks for adverse postoperative outcomes. A systematic search of all published studies concerning HCV and TJA was performed in five bibliographic databases, including PubMed, EMBASE, China National Knowledge Infrastructure, Web of Science, and the Cochrane Library databases. Random-effects meta-analysis of odds ratios (OR) was accomplished according to the classification of adverse events, subgroup analyses were performed based on surgery type. RESULTS: Fifteen eligible observational studies were included with a sample size of 9,788,166 patients. Overall pooled data revealed the increased risk of overall complications, including medical and surgical complications, in HCV-positive patients undergoing TJA compared with than in HCV-negative people (OR 1.57; 95%CI: 1.44-1.71 (p<0.00001)). Joint infections were highly common in HCV-positive patients undergoing lower-extremity TJA (OR 2.06; 95%CI: 1.73-2.47 (p<0.00001)). Furthermore, HCV infections were associated with high rates of reoperations and revisions (OR 1.47; 95%CI: 1.40-1.55 (p<0.00001)). CONCLUSIONS: Patients with hepatitis C have an increased risk of adverse outcomes post-TJA and a high risk of reoperation and revision that is partially attributed to postoperative complications, particularly joint infections. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: III; systematic review and meta-analysis.

5.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 2021 Apr 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33881416

RESUMO

Herein, we report a neutral iridium complex, [Ir(4-(2-pyridinyl)benzaldehyde)2(acetylacetone)] (Ir-ER), with viscosity-responsive phosphorescent emission intensity and lifetime. Quantitative measurement by two-photon phosphorescent lifetime imaging shows that the viscosity of ER increases significantly in the process of erastin-induced ferroptosis. Our work provides an effective strategy for quantitative measurement of the micro-environmental alternations of subcellular organelles during a specific cell death process.

6.
Drug Des Devel Ther ; 15: 843-855, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33658766

RESUMO

Purpose: Coronary microembolization (CME) can cause myocardial inflammation, apoptosis and progressive cardiac dysfunction. On the other hand, breviscapine exerts a significant cardioprotective effect in many cardiac diseases although its role and the potential mechanisms in CME remain unclear. Therefore, the present study aimed to ascertain whether pretreatment with breviscapine could improve CME-induced myocardial injury by alleviating myocardial inflammation and apoptosis. The possible underlying mechanisms were also explored. Methods: In this study, 48 Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats were randomly assigned to the CME, CME + breviscapine (CME + BE), CME + breviscapine + LY294002 (CME + BE + LY) and sham groups (12 rats per group). In addition, the CME model was successfully established by injecting 42 µm inert plastic microspheres into the left ventricle of rats. Rats in the CME + BE and CME + BE + LY groups received 40 mg/kg/d of breviscapine for 7 days before inducing CME. Moreover, rats in the CME + BE + LY group were intraperitoneally injected with the phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K) specific inhibitor, LY294002 (10 mg/kg) 30 minutes before CME modeling. 12 h after surgery, the study measured cardiac function, the serum levels of markers of myocardial injury, myocardial inflammation-associated mRNAs and proteins, myocardial apoptosis-associated mRNAs and proteins and conducted myocardial histopathology. Results: The findings demonstrated that pretreatment with breviscapine alleviated myocardial injury following CME by improving cardiac dysfunction, decreasing the serum levels of markers of myocardial injury, reducing the size of myocardial microinfarct and lowering the cardiomyocyte apoptotic index. More importantly, pretreatment with breviscapine resulted to a decrease in the levels of inflammatory and pro-apoptotic mRNAs and proteins in myocardial tissues and there was an increase in the levels of anti-apoptotic mRNAs and proteins. However, these protective effects were eliminated when breviscapine was combined with LY294002. Conclusion: The findings from this study indicated that breviscapine may inhibit myocardial inflammation and apoptosis by regulating the PI3K/protein kinase B (Akt)/glycogen synthase kinase-3ß (GSK-3ß) pathway, thereby ameliorating CME-induced cardiac dysfunction and reducing myocardial injury.

7.
J Biomater Appl ; : 885328221995926, 2021 Mar 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33779364

RESUMO

Rupture of the rotator cuff is a common injury of the shoulder joint in sports professionals. In addition, research on repair of the rotator cuff has gained popularity over the recent years. Given the high rate of re-tear after surgery, it is necessary to design and prepare biodegradable materials with good mechanical properties, for the management of the condition. Consequently, the present study conducted surface modification of the simvastatin factor-loaded silk fibroin for the repair of chronic rotator cuff injury in SD rats. The in vitro experiments were analyzed through scanning electron microscopy and the water contact angle. Additionally, the CCK-8 assay was used to observe the effect of the intervention on the proliferation of BMSCs. Moreover, the osteogenic differentiation of BMSCs was detected through the ALP and ARS assays while the expression of osteogenic genes was examined using qRT-PCR and Western blot analysis. Furthermore, a model for repairing chronic rotator cuff tears in SD rats was established in vivo. Thereafter, rotator cuff repair and healing were evaluated through HE staining while Masson and Sirius staining was used to detect the collagen formation ratio. Additionally, the study analyzed the mechanism underlying the effect of simvastatin-loaded silk fibroin. The results showed that the simvastatin-loaded silk fibroin membrane had better biocompatibility and the in vitro experiments confirmed that it could promote the proliferation and osteogenic differentiation of BMSCs. In addition, the in vivo HE staining experiments similarly confirmed that it could enhance tendon bone healing and alleviate inflammation in chronic rotator cuff injuries. On the other hand, Masson and Sirius staining showed that the simvastatin-loaded silk fibroin could promote the formation of collagen. Further analysis also revealed that it could promote the osteogenic differentiation of BMSCs by activating the ß-catenin signaling pathway. In general, these findings suggested that surface modification of the simvastatin factor-loaded silk fibroin was a potential means of improving the healing of rotator cuff injuries and can be implemented in clinical practice in future.

8.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(5): e24625, 2021 Feb 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33592915

RESUMO

RATIONALE: Primary breast angiosarcoma (PBA) is a rare and overly aggressive entity and account for less than 1% of all breast cancer cases. PBA had a high rate of delayed preoperative diagnosis due to absent distinctive radiographic characteristics. PATIENT CONCERNS: We report a case of a 47-year-old female patient who had a previous history of luminal cancer in the right breast with mastectomy; the patient complained of asymmetrically diffuse enlarged, accompanying with a painless mass in the left breast 12 years after the mastectomy of her right breast. DIAGNOSES: The tumor mimicked idiopathic granulomatous mastitis on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) at the first presentation. Contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) was performed for further lesion characterization and showed heterogeneous rapid hyper enhanced. An ultrasound-guided core needle biopsy was performed, and the pathology report indicated a breast angiosarcoma. INTERVENTIONS: The patient underwent a nipple-sparing simple mastectomy with immediate reconstruction of the left breast. OUTCOMES: After 8 months later, the tumor recurred, CEUS and MRI examination suggested PBA recurrence, then re-excision with implant removal was performed, the patient had a lung metastasis 4 months later eventually died 22 months after diagnosis. LESSONS: It is not easy to diagnose PBA with the radiographic examination. This case's importance is by combining CEUS and MRI to reflect enhanced morphology and hemodynamic characteristics of PBA and help diagnose breast angiosarcomas.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Hemangiossarcoma/diagnóstico por imagem , Hemangiossarcoma/patologia , Aspiração por Agulha Fina Guiada por Ultrassom Endoscópico , Feminino , Humanos , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Metástase Neoplásica , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Ultrassonografia Mamária
9.
FEBS Open Bio ; 11(3): 880-889, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33448153

RESUMO

Periodontitis is an autoimmune disease of periodontal tissues initiated by plaque. It is known that there is a close connection between periodontitis and CKD with hypertension, but the underlying mechanisms are unknown. STAT1 has been reported to play a regulatory role in hypertension and chronic kidney disease (CKD). Here, we investigated whether STAT1 regulates periodontitis-mediated aggravation of kidney injury with accompanying hypertension. A hypertensive renal injury mouse model was established with Nos3 knockout mice, and a periodontitis model was established by implantation with the oral bacteria Porphyromonas gingivalis. The mice were intraperitoneally injected with a STAT1 inhibitor. Periodontitis aggravated kidney injury in hypertensive mice, and upregulation of STAT1 was observed when both periodontitis and hypertension were present; furthermore, STAT1 inhibitor moderated this effect. Moreover, we observed that periodontitis promoted the upregulation of inflammatory and fibrosis gene expression in the kidneys of hypertensive mice. In addition, STAT1 inhibition decreased the expression of pro-inflammatory and pro-fibrotic cytokines in the kidney lesion area. Periodontitis augmented the expression of inflammatory and fibrosis genes by upregulating the expression of STAT1, thereby aggravating kidney injury in the hypertensive mouse model.

10.
Biochim Biophys Acta Mol Cell Res ; 1868(1): 118878, 2021 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33011193

RESUMO

Ovarian cancer is the deadliest gynaecologic malignancy, and the five-year survival rate of patients is less than 35% worldwide. Cancer stem cells (CSCs) are a population of cells with stem-like characteristics that are thought to cause chemoresistance and recurrence. TRIM29 is aberrantly expressed in various cancers and associated with cancer development and progression. Previous studies showed that the upregulation of TRIM29 expression in pancreatic cancer is related to stem-like characteristics. However, the role of TRIM29 in ovarian cancer is poorly understood. In this study, we found that TRIM29 expression was increased at the translational level in both the cisplatin-resistant ovarian cancer cells and clinical tissues. Increased TRIM29 expression was associated with a poor prognosis of patients with ovarian cancer. In addition, TRIM29 could enhance the CSC-like characteristics of the cisplatin-resistant ovarian cancer cells. Recruitment of YTHDF1 to m6A-modified TRIM29 was involved in promoting TRIM29 translation in the cisplatin-resistant ovarian cancer cells. Knockdown of YTHDF1 suppressed the CSC-like characteristics of the cisplatin-resistant ovarian cancer cells, which could be rescued by ectopic expression of TRIM29. This study suggests TRIM29 may act as an oncogene to promote the CSC-like features of cisplatin-resistant ovarian cancer in an m6A-YTHDF1-dependent manner. Due to the roles of TRIM29 and YTHDF1 in the promotion of CSC-like features, they may become potential therapeutic targets to combat the recurrence of ovarian cancer.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Ligação a DNA/genética , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos/genética , Neoplasias Ovarianas/genética , Proteínas de Ligação a RNA/genética , Fatores de Transcrição/genética , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Cisplatino/efeitos adversos , Cisplatino/farmacologia , Feminino , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Células-Tronco Neoplásicas/efeitos dos fármacos , Neoplasias Ovarianas/patologia , Neoplasias Ovarianas/terapia , Fenótipo
11.
J Cereb Blood Flow Metab ; : 271678X20967458, 2020 Nov 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33153375

RESUMO

Our aim was to determine the impact of targeted blood pressure modifications on cerebral blood flow in ischemic moyamoya disease patients assessed by single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT). From March to September 2018, we prospectively collected data of 154 moyamoya disease patients and selected 40 patients with ischemic moyamoya disease. All patients underwent in-hospital blood pressure monitoring to determine the mean arterial pressure baseline values. The study cohort was subdivided into two subgroups: (1) Group A or relative high blood pressure (RHBP) with an induced mean arterial pressure 10-20% higher than baseline and (2) Group B or relative low blood pressure (RLBP) including patients with mean arterial pressure 10-20% lower than baseline. All patients underwent initial SPECT study on admission-day, and on the following day, every subgroup underwent a second SPECT study under their respective targeted blood pressure values. In general, RHBP patients showed an increment in perfusion of 10.13% (SD 2.94%), whereas RLBP patients showed a reduction of perfusion of 12.19% (SD 2.68%). Cerebral blood flow of moyamoya disease patients is susceptible to small blood pressure changes, and cerebral autoregulation might be affected due to short dynamic blood pressure modifications.

12.
ACS Omega ; 5(42): 27425-27432, 2020 Oct 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33134705

RESUMO

Considering the severe impacts on the economic losses caused by oil spills, it is of great significance to develop an oil-absorbent material for removing the oil slick from the water surface effectively. As a new oil-absorbent material, magnetorheological fluid (MRF) has unsinkability, hydrophobicity, and lipophilicity, which could effectively remove the oil slick on the water surface while repelling water. Particularly, the prepared MRF shows a good response to external magnetic field. MRFs show high oil removal capacity in fresh water, deionized water, and salt water with efficiencies up to 94.39, 93.65, and 92.71%, respectively. Besides, Fe3O4/OA magnetic nanoparticles (MPs) could be reprepared into MRF by simple treatments. After the fifth cycle, the MRF prepared by the recovered Fe3O4/OA MPs still has high oil removal efficiency, and that means the Fe3O4/OA MPs has excellent reusability and stability. The method for preparing MRFs provided in this work is simple and effective, and the MRFs have a promising potential for cleaning oil slick.

13.
Neurol Res ; : 1-13, 2020 Oct 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33135605

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Long-term behavioral, mood, and cognitive deficits affect over 30% of patients with subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). The aim of the present study was to examine the neurobehavioral outcomes following endovascular perforation induced SAH in mice. METHODS: C57BL/6 J (B6) mice were exposed to endovascular perforation induced SAH or control surgery. Three weeks later, mice received a series of behavioral tests, e.g. motor function, stereotypy, learning, memory, behavioral flexibility, depression and anxiety. The immunohistologic experiment examined neuronalloss in the cortex following SAH. RESULTS: SAH mice exhibited increased marble burying and nestlet shredding compared to that of control mice. Although SAH did not affect memory, learning or reversal learning,mice displayed greater overall object exploration in the novel object recognition test, as well as elevated perseveration during probabilistic reversal learning.In the forced swim and open field tests, SAH mice performed comparably to that of control mice. However, SAH mice exhibited an increased frequency in 'jumping' behavior in the open field test. Histological analyses revealed reduced neuron density in the parietal-entorhinal cortices of SAH mice on the injured side compared to that of control mice. DISCUSSION: The findings suggest that parietal-entorhinal damage from SAH increases stereotyped motor behaviors and 'compulsive-like' behaviors without affecting cognition (learning and memory) or mood (anxiety and depression). This model can be used to better understand the neuropathophysiology following SAH that contributes to behavioral impairments in survivors with no gross sensory-motor deficits.

14.
R Soc Open Sci ; 7(10): 200650, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33204450

RESUMO

The mesoporous silicate molecular sieves were synthesized with polyether F127 as the template by the aerosol-assisted method for loading and release of ibuprofen (IBU). The synthesized samples were characterized by scanning electron microscopy, transmission electron microscopy, X-ray diffraction and N2 adsorption-desorption isotherms. The drug IBU was applied as a model drug to investigate the drug release behaviour by ultraviolet spectrophotometry measurements. The investigation results demonstrate that mesoporous silicate molecular sieves by the aerosol-assisted method are spherical with a core-shell structure. As the drug carrier, it has good structural stability and can achieve drug controlled release which is expected. It exhibits safety to a certain degree. Therefore, the aerosol-assisted synthesis method provides a new idea for the synthesis of sustained-release drug carriers.

15.
Cancer Manag Res ; 12: 8847-8856, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33061580

RESUMO

Prefoldin (PFDN) is a hexameric chaperone complex that is widely found in eukaryotes and archaea and consists of six different subunits (PFDN1-6). Its main function is to transfer actin and tubulin monomers to the eukaryotic cell cytoplasmic chaperone protein (c-CPN) specific binding during the assembly of the cytoskeleton, to stabilize the newly synthesized peptides so that they can be folded correctly. The current study found that each subunit of PFDN has different functions, which are closely related to the occurrence, development and prognosis of tumors. However, the best characteristics of each subunit have not been fully affirmed. The connection between research and tumors can change the understanding of PFDN and further extend its potential prognostic role and structural function to cancer research and clinical practice. This article mainly reviews the role of canonical PFDN and its subunits in tumors and other diseases, and discusses the potential prospects of the unique structure and function of PFDN in nanomedicine.

16.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(42): e22672, 2020 Oct 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33080710

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: 100 mg rectal nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) and pancreatic stents both significantly reduce the incidence of post-endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) pancreatitis. Direct comparison of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) between them in high-risk patients is absent. We conducted this network meta-analysis to indirectly compare the efficacies of 100 mg rectal NSAIDs and pancreatic stents in preventing post-ERCP pancreatitis (PEP) in high-risk patients and help us decide which is preferred in clinical practice. METHODS: A comprehensive search was done to identify RCTs published in English full-text. Interventions included 100 mg rectal NSAIDs (diclofenac or indomethacin) and pancreatic stents. Only studies with high-risk patients of PEP were included. Meta-analyses of NSAIDs and pancreatic stents were conducted respectively. A network meta-analysis using the Bayesian method was performed. RESULTS: We included 14 RCTs, 8 on pancreatic stents and 6 on 100 mg rectal NSAIDs in high-risk patients. There was no direct comparison between them. After excluding an outlier study on NSAIDs (n = 144), meta-analyses showed they both significantly and statistically reduced the incidence of PEP in high-risk patients (pancreatic stents: n = 8 studies, random-effects risk ratio (RR)0.41, 95%CI 0.30-0.56, I = 0%; NSAIDs: n = 5 studies, random-effects RR 0.37, 95%CI 0.25-0.54, I = 0%). And network meta-analysis showed efficacy of 100 mg rectal NSAIDs was equal to pancreatic stents (random-effects RR 0.94, 95%CI 0.50-1.8). CONCLUSIONS: The efficacy of 100 mg rectal NSAIDs (diclofenac or indomethacin) seems equally significant to pancreatic stents in preventing PEP in high-risk patients. Considering the cost-effectiveness and safety, 100 mg diclofenac or indomethacin may be preferred.


Assuntos
Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/uso terapêutico , Colangiopancreatografia Retrógrada Endoscópica , Pancreatite/prevenção & controle , Administração Retal , Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/administração & dosagem , Humanos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/prevenção & controle , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Fatores de Risco , Stents
17.
J Periodontol ; 2020 Oct 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33094479

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Occlusal trauma can aggravate periodontitis, but the mechanism remains unclear. Yes-associated protein (YAP), a mechanical stressor protein, may play an important role in this process. METHODS: Western blot and quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) were applied to detect the expression of YAP and inflammatory factors in patients with periodontitis accompanied with or without occlusal trauma. Through local administration of Porphyromonas gingivalis and composite resin bonding on maxillary molars in mice, we established periodontitis and occlusal trauma models. Treatment with or without XAV939, to inhibit YAP activation, was performed in these models. Micro-computed tomography, immunofluorescence (IF), and qRT-PCR were used to explore the YAP pathway in periodontitis with occlusal trauma. Cyclic stress and lipopolysaccharide (LPS) stimuli were applied to the L929 mouse fibroblast cell line with or without XAV939. Western blot, IF, and qRT-PCR were used to verify the in vivo results. RESULTS: Activated dephosphorylated YAP and increased expression of inflammatory factors were observed in patients with periodontitis accompanied with occlusal trauma. In the mouse model of periodontitis with occlusal trauma, YAP transferred into the nucleus, resulting in Jun N-terminal kinases (JNK) related pro-inflammatory pathway up-regulation. L929 cell cyclic stress and LPS stimulation results confirmed the in vivo results. Application of XAV939 inhibited YAP protein dephosphorylation and reduced JNK pro-inflammatory pathway factor expression in vivo and in vitro. CONCLUSIONS: Occlusal trauma can activate YAP nuclear transfer, resulting in the up-regulation of the JNK pro-inflammatory pathway. This can be inhibited by the XAV939 YAP inhibitor.

18.
Cell Death Discov ; 6: 94, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33083016

RESUMO

Postoperative pancreatic fistula (POPF) is a common and dreaded complication after pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD). The gut microbiota has been considered as an crucial mediator of postoperative complications, however, the precise roles of gut microbiota in POPF are unclear. A prospective study was developed to explore the effects of somatostatin on gut microbiota and we aim to identify the microbial alterations in the process of POPF. A total of 45 patients were randomly divided into PD group or additional somatostatin therapy group. The fecal sample of each patient was collected preoperatively and postoperatively and the gut microbiota was analyzed by 16S rRNA sequencing. Our study found that somatostatin therapy was independent risk factor for the occurrence of POPF, and it reduced the microbial diversity and richness in patients. At genus level, somatostatin therapy led to a decreased abundance in Bifidobacterium, Subdoligranulum and Dubosiella, whereas the abundance of Akkermansia, Enterococcus and Enterobacter were increased. The abundance levels of certain bacteria in the gut microbiota have significantly shifted in patients with POPF. The LEfSe analysis revealed that Ruminococcaceae could be used as microbial markers for distinguishing patients with high risk of POPF. Furthermore, Verrucomicrobia and Akkermansia could be used as preoperative biomarkers for identifying patients without POPF. Our prospective study highlights the specific communities related with somatostatin therapy and discovers POPF-associated microbial marker, which suggests that gut microbiota may become a diagnostic biomarker and potential therapeutic target for POPF.

20.
Infect Immun ; 88(12)2020 Nov 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32900814

RESUMO

Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and periodontitis share many epidemiological and pathological features, with emerging studies reporting a relationship between the two diseases. Recently, RA and periodontitis have been associated with autophagy. In the present study, we investigated the effects of cathepsin K (CtsK) inhibition on RA with periodontitis in a mouse model and its immunological function affecting autophagy. To topically inhibit CtsK periodontitis with arthritis in the animal model, adeno-associated virus (AAV) transfection was performed in periodontal and knee joint regions. Transfection of small interfering RNA (siRNA) was performed to inhibit CtsK in RAW264.7 cells. The effects of CtsK inhibition on the autophagy pathway were then evaluated in both in vivo and in vitro experiments. RA and periodontitis aggravated destruction and inflammation in their respective lesion areas. Inhibition of CtsK had multiple effects: (i) reduced destruction of alveolar bone and articular tissue, (ii) decreased macrophage numbers and inflammatory cytokine expression in the synovium, and (iii) alleviated expression of the autophagy-related transcription factor EB (TFEB) and microtubule-associated protein 1A/1B-light chain 3 (LC3) at the protein level in knee joints. Inhibition of CtsK in vitro reduced the expression of autophagy-related proteins and related inflammatory factors. Our data revealed that the inhibition of CtsK resisted the destruction of articular tissues and relieved inflammation from RA with periodontitis. Furthermore, CtsK was implicated as an imperative regulator of the autophagy pathway in RA and macrophages.

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