Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 238
Filtrar
1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34817816

RESUMO

Previous studies have explored the effect between ambient temperature and infectious diarrhea (ID) mostly using relative risk, which provides limited information in practical applications. Few studies have focused on the disease burden of ID caused by temperature, especially for different subgroups and cities in a multi-city setting. This study aims to estimate the effects and attributable risks of temperature on category C ID and explore potential modifiers among various cities in Guangdong. First, distributed lag non-linear models (DLNMs) were used to explore city-specific associations between daily mean temperature and category C ID from 2014 to 2016 in Guangdong and pooled by applying multivariate meta-analysis. Then, multivariate meta-regression was implemented to analyze the potential heterogeneity among various cities. Finally, we assessed the attributable burden of category C ID due to temperature, low (below the 5th percentile of temperature) and high temperature (above the 95th percentile of temperature) for each city and subgroup population. Compared with the 50th percentile of daily mean temperature, adverse effects on category C ID were found when the temperature was lower than 12.27 ℃ in Guangdong Province. Some city-specific factors (longitude, urbanization rate, population density, disposable income per capita, and the number of medical technicians and beds per thousand persons) could modify the relationship of temperature-category C ID. During the study period, there were 60,505 category C ID cases (17.14% of total cases) attributable to the exposure of temperature, with the attributable fraction (AF) of low temperature (4.23%, 95% empirical confidence interval (eCI): 1.79-5.71%) higher than high temperature (1.34%, 95% eCI: 0.86-1.64%). Males, people under 5 years, and workers appeared to be more vulnerable to temperature, with AFs of 29.40%, 19.25%, and 21.49%, respectively. The AF varied substantially at the city level, with the largest AF of low temperature occurring in Shaoguan (9.58%, 95% eCI: 8.36-10.09%), and that of high temperature occurring in Shenzhen (3.16%, 95% eCI: 2.70-3.51%). Low temperature was an important risk factor for category C ID in Guangdong Province, China. The exposure-response relationship could be modified by city-specific characteristics. Considering the whole population, the attributable risk of low temperature was much higher than that of high temperature, and males, people under 5 years, and workers were vulnerable populations.

2.
Gastroenterol Rep (Oxf) ; 9(5): 461-469, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34733532

RESUMO

Background: Transperineal ultrasonography has been used as a diagnostic imaging modality for rectocele for many years. However, the consistency of ultrasonography and defecography in evaluating the severity of rectocele was not satisfactory. This study aimed to evaluate the agreement in the measurement of rectocele parameters between the two methods in different positions and provide clinical implications for the diagnosis of rectocele. Methods: In this pilot study, participants were recruited in an outpatient clinic of a tertiary hospital between December 2017 and December 2019. All participants separately underwent defecation proctography at sitting and squatting positions, and undertook transperineal ultrasonography at left lateral, sitting, and squatting positions. The consistency of ultrasonography and defecography was evaluated. Results: Thirty female volunteers with rectocele were included in this study. The degree of anorectal angle was significantly larger at rest and during contraction, maximal Valsalva, and evacuation; the depth of the rectocele was significantly deeper during maximal Valsalva and evacuation; and the length of the perineum descending was significantly longer during contraction and maximal Valsalva in using squatting position compared to the sitting position when performing the defecation proctography. The degree of anorectal angle, the depth of rectocele, the area of levator hiatus, and the volume of the rectocele were significantly different in using squatting, sitting, and left lateral positions when performing the transperineal ultrasonography. Bland-Altman semi-quantitative plots showed good consistency in the measurement of the anorectal angle and the depth of the rectocele between proctography and ultrasonography in both sitting and squatting positions. Conclusions: The findings of our study may be considered as the preliminary evidence to support the use of transperineal ultrasonography with sitting and squatting positions as the imaging test of choice for evaluating patients with rectocele.

3.
Ann Transl Med ; 9(17): 1369, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34733921

RESUMO

Background: Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) have recently been found to be vital regulators of various cancers, including colorectal cancer (CRC). It has been previously reported that the dysregulated expression of lncRNA Five prime to Xist (FTX) is involved in carcinogenesis. However, the role of lncRNA FTX in the progression of CRC is still unclear. Methods: Fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) was used to detect the expression of lncRNA FTX and miR-214-5p in CRC tissues. Cell Counting Kit-8 assay, transwell assay, wound-healing assay, and proliferation assay were used to explore the function of lncRNA FTX in CRC cells. Quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR), western blotting, and luciferase reporter assay were used to confirm the relationship between lncRNA FTX and miR-214-5p-jagged canonical Notch ligand 1 (JAG1). We further explored the role of lncRNA FTX in vivo using xenograft tumor assay. Results: lncRNA FTX was found to be upregulated in CRC tissues by FISH. The downregulation of endogenous lncRNA FTX expression inhibited CRC cell proliferation, migration, and invasion. Mechanistically, lncRNA FTX sequestered miR-214-5p and thus released its repression on JAG1, driving the malignant progression of CRC. Conclusions: These findings give rise to a new perspective, the lncRNA FTX-miR-214-5p-JAG1 regulatory axis, in exploring the cancer-promoting mechanism of lncRNA FTX in CRC.

4.
Sensors (Basel) ; 21(21)2021 Oct 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34770327

RESUMO

High-precision indoor localisation is becoming a necessity with novel location-based services that are emerging around 5G. The deployment of high-precision indoor location technologies is usually costly due to the high density of reference points. In this work, we propose the opportunistic fusion of several different technologies, such as ultra-wide band (UWB) and WiFi fine-time measurement (FTM), in order to improve the performance of location. We also propose the use of fusion with cellular networks, such as LTE, to complement these technologies where the number of reference points is under-determined, increasing the availability of the location service. Maximum likelihood estimation (MLE) is presented to weight the different reference points to eliminate outliers, and several searching methods are presented and evaluated for the localisation algorithm. An experimental setup is used to validate the presented system, using UWB and WiFi FTM due to their incorporation in the latest flagship smartphones. It is shown that the use of multi-technology fusion in trilateration algorithm remarkably optimises the precise coverage area. In addition, it reduces the positioning error by over-determining the positioning problem. This technique reduces the costs of any network deployment oriented to location services, since a reduced number of reference points from each technology is required.

5.
Int J Equity Health ; 20(1): 221, 2021 10 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34620164

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: COVID-19 has a direct impact on the employment of older people. This adds to the challenge of ageism. The World Health Organization has started a worldwide campaign to combat ageism and has called for more research and evidence-based strategies that have the potential to be scaled up. This study specifically aims to identify solutions to combat the adverse effects of COVID-19 on the global ageing workforce. METHODS: We present 15 case studies from different countries and report on what those countries are doing or not doing to address the impact of COVID-19 on ageing workers. RESULTS: We provide examples of how COVID-19 influences older people's ability to work and stay healthy, and offer case studies of what governments, organizations or individuals can do to help ensure older people can obtain, maintain and, potentially, expand their current work. Case studies come from Australia, Austria, Canada, China, Germany, Israel, Japan, Nigeria, Romania, Singapore, Sweden, South Korea, Thailand, United Kingdom (UK), and the United States (US). Across the countries, the impact of COVID-19 on older workers is shown as widening inequalities. A particular challenge has arisen because of a large proportion of older people, often with limited education and working in the informal sector within rural areas, e.g. in Nigeria, Thailand and China. Remedies to the particular disadvantage experienced by older workers in the context of COVID are presented. These range from funding support to encouraging business continuity, innovative product and service developments, community action, new business models and localized, national and international actions. The case studies can be seen as frequently fitting within strategies that have been proven to work in reducing ageism within the workplace. They include policy and laws that have increased benefits to workers during lockdowns (most countries); educational activities such as coaching seniorpreneurship (e,g, Australia); intergenerational contact interventions such as younger Thai people who moved back to rural areas and sharing their digital knowledge with older people and where older people reciprocate by teaching the younger people farming knowledge. CONCLUSION: Global sharing of this knowledge among international, national and local governments and organizations, businesses, policy makers and health and human resources experts will further understanding of the issues that are faced by older workers. This will facilitate the replication or scalability of solutions as called for in the WHO call to combat ageism in 2021. We suggest that policy makers, business owners, researchers and international organisations build on the case studies by investing in evidence-based strategies to create inclusive workplaces. Such action will thus help to challenge ageism, reduce inequity, improve business continuity and add to the quality of life of older workers.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Idoso , Envelhecimento , Controle de Doenças Transmissíveis , Humanos , Qualidade de Vida , SARS-CoV-2 , Estados Unidos , Recursos Humanos
6.
Eur J Pharmacol ; 911: 174555, 2021 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34627807

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Forkhead box O1 (FoxO1)/ß-catenin signaling pathway is a main oxidative defense pathway, which plays essential roles in the regulation of osteoporosis (OP). The natural products possess quality therapeutic effects and few side effects. It is used as a novel strategy in the treatment of OP. However, there is no systematic study in the natural antioxidant drug based on the FoxO1/ß-catenin signaling pathway. This paper aims to discover pro-osteogenesis natural antioxidants for the prevention and treatment of OP. METHODS: Systems pharmacology; combined with reverse drug targeting, systems-ADME process, network analysis and molecular docking, was used to screen natural antioxidants based on the FoxO1/ß-catenin signaling pathway. Then in vitro experiments were performed to evaluate the osteogenesis effects of screened natural antioxidants. RESULTS: Kaempferide was screened as the most potential antioxidant to improve osteogenesis by the regulation of the FoxO1/ß-catenin signaling pathway. In vitro experiments showed that kaempferide significantly increased the expression of antioxidant genes and promoted osteogenic differentiation. Furthermore, kaempferide also improved the osteogenic differentiation inhibited by H2O2 through the enhancement of antioxidant capacity. Notably, kaempferide promoted cell antioxidant capacity by the increased nuclear translocation of FoxO1 and ß-catenin. CONCLUSIONS: These findings suggest that kaempferide is the natural antioxidant to promote osteogenesis effectively through the FoxO1/ß-catenin signaling pathway. Natural antioxidant therapy maybe a promising strategy for the prevention and treatment of OP.

7.
BMC Med Imaging ; 21(1): 140, 2021 09 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34583642

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To explore the diagnostic value of three different measurement approaches in differentiating T1a-T1b from T2 gastric cancer (GC) lesions. METHODS: A total of 95 consecutive patients with T1a-T2 stage of GC who performed preoperative MRI were retrospectively enrolled between January 2017 and November 2020. The parameters MRI T stage (subjective evaluation), thickness, maximum area and volume of the lesions were evaluated by two radiologists. Specific indicators including AUC, optimal cutoff, sensitivity, specificity, accuracy, positive likelihood ratio (PLR), negative likelihood ratio (NLR), positive predictive value (PPV) and negative predictive value (NPV) of MRI T stage, thickness, maximum area and volume for differentiating T1a-T1b from T2 stage lesions were calculated. The ROC curves were compared by the Delong test. Decision curve analysis (DCA) was used to evaluate the clinical benefit. RESULTS: The ROC curves for thickness (AUC = 0.926), maximum area (AUC = 0.902) and volume (AUC = 0.897) were all significantly better than those of the MRI T stage (AUC = 0.807) in differentiating T1a-T1b from T2 lesions, with p values of 0.004, 0.034 and 0.041, respectively. The values corresponding to the thickness (including AUC, sensitivity, specificity, accuracy, PPV, NPV, PLR and NLR) were all higher than those corresponding to the MRI T stage, maximum area and volume. The DCA curves indicated that the parameter thickness could provide the highest clinical benefit if the threshold probability was above 35%. CONCLUSIONS: Thickness may provide an efficient approach to rapidly distinguish T1a-T1b from T2 stage GC lesions.

8.
Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke Za Zhi ; 23(9): 903-908, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês, Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34535204

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To study the clinical features and prognosis of neonates with severe meconium aspiration syndrome (MAS) and acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). METHODS: A retrospective analysis was performed on the medical data of 60 neonates with severe MAS who were admitted from January 2017 to December 2019. According to the presence or absence of ARDS, they were divided into two groups: ARDS (n=45) and non-ARDS (n=15). Clinical features and prognosis were compared between the two groups. RESULTS: Among the 60 neonates with severe MAS, 45 (75%) developed ARDS. Arterial blood gas analysis showed that the ARDS group had a significantly higher median oxygenation index within 1 hour after birth than the non-ARDS group (4.7 vs 2.1, P<0.05), while there was no significant difference between the two groups in white blood cell count, C-reactive protein (CRP), and interleukin-6 (IL-6) on admission and the peak values of procalcitonin, CRP, and IL-6 during hospitalization (P>0.05). The ARDS group had a significantly higher incidence rate of shock than the non-ARDS group (84% vs 47%, P<0.05). There was no significant difference between the two groups in the incidence rates of persistent pulmonary hypertension, pneumothorax, pulmonary hemorrhage, hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy, intracranial hemorrhage, and disseminated intravascular coagulation (P>0.05). The ARDS group required a longer median duration of mechanical ventilation than the non-ARDS group (53 hours vs 3 hours, P<0.05). In the ARDS group, 43 neonates (96%) were cured and 2 neonates (4%) died. In the non-ARDS group, all 15 neonates (100%) were cured. CONCLUSIONS: Neonates with severe MAS and ARDS tend to develop respiratory distress earlier, require a longer duration of mechanical ventilation, and have a higher incidence rate of shock. During the management of children with severe MAS, it is recommended to closely monitor oxygenation index, give timely diagnosis and treatment of ARDS, evaluate tissue perfusion, and actively prevent and treat shock. Citation.


Assuntos
Síndrome de Aspiração de Mecônio , Síndrome do Desconforto Respiratório , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Síndrome de Aspiração de Mecônio/complicações , Síndrome de Aspiração de Mecônio/terapia , Prognóstico , Respiração Artificial , Estudos Retrospectivos
9.
J Immunother Cancer ; 9(9)2021 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34489334

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: A better understanding of the molecular mechanisms that manifest in the immunosuppressive tumor microenvironment (TME) is crucial for developing more efficacious immunotherapies for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), which has a poor response to current immunotherapies. Regulatory T (Treg) cells are key mediators of HCC-associated immunosuppression. We investigated the selective mechanism exploited by HCC that lead to Treg cells expansion and to find more efficacious immunotherapies. METHODS: We used matched tumor tissues and blood samples from 150 patients with HCC to identify key factors of Treg cells expansion. We used mass cytometry (CyTOF) and orthotopic cancer mouse models to analyze overall immunological changes after growth differentiation factor 15 (GDF15) gene ablation in HCC. We used flow cytometry, coimmunoprecipitation, RNA sequencing, mass spectrum, chromatin immunoprecipitation and Gdf15 -/-, OT-I and GFP transgenic mice to demonstrate the effects of GDF15 on Treg cells and related molecular mechanism. We used hybridoma technology to generate monoclonal antibody to block GDF15 and evaluate its effects on HCC-associated immunosuppression. RESULTS: GDF15 is positively associated with the elevation of Treg cell frequencies in patients wih HCC. Gene ablation of GDF15 in HCC can convert an immunosuppressive TME to an inflammatory state. GDF15 promotes the generation of peripherally derived inducible Treg (iTreg) cells and enhances the suppressive function of natural Treg (nTreg) cells by interacting with a previously unrecognized receptor CD48 on T cells and thus downregulates STUB1, an E3 ligase that mediates forkhead box P3 (FOXP3) protein degradation. GDF15 neutralizing antibody effectively eradicates HCC and augments the antitumor immunity in mouse. CONCLUSIONS: Our results reveal the generation and function enhancement of Treg cells induced by GDF15 is a new mechanism for HCC-related immunosuppression. CD48 is the first discovered receptor of GDF15 in the immune system which provide the possibility to solve the molecular mechanism of the immunomodulatory function of GDF15. The therapeutic GDF15 blockade achieves HCC clearance without obvious adverse events.

10.
Neurochem Res ; 46(12): 3135-3148, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34398408

RESUMO

Depression is the most common psychiatric disorder associated with brain and immune system abnormalities. In recent years, xanthohumol (Xn) a bioactive prenylated flavonoid has received ample attention for its polypharmacological effects, therefore, here we aimed to explore the protective effects of Xn against the LPS-induced depressive-like symptoms mediated by inflammation and oxidative stress. We tested the effect of Xn against LPS-induced behavioural changes in mice by means of forced swimming test (FST), tail suspention test (TST), sucrose preference test (SPT) and open field test (OPT). Examined the neuroinflammation and oxido-nitrosative stress (O&NS) markers and analyze Nrf2 and NF-κB signalling pathways in the hippocampus. Our results indicated that peripheral repeated administration of lipopolysaccharides (LPS) (1 mg/kg, intra peritoneally) induced depressive-like behavior, neuroinflammation and O&NS in mice. Pretreatment with Xn (10 and 20 mg/kg, intra gastrically) reverse the behavioural impairments prophylactically as obvious in the FST and TST without effecting locomotion, however only 20 mg dose improve anhedonic behavior as observed in SPT. Similarly, Xn pretreatment in dose-dependent manner prevented the LPS induced neuro-inflammation and O&NS. Immunofluorescence analysis showed that Xn reduced activated gliosis via attenuation of Iba-1 and GFAP in hippocampus. In addition, Xn considerably reduced the expression of phospho-NF-κB and cleaved caspase-3 while enhanced Nrf2 and HO-1 expression in the hippocampus. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first study to examine the underlying beneficial prophylactic effects of the Xn in neuroinflammation and O&NS mediating depressive-like behaviors.

11.
Theranostics ; 11(17): 8185-8196, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34373736

RESUMO

Background: Efficient and specific induction of cell death in liver cancer is urgently needed. In this study, we aimed to design an exosome-based platform to deliver ferroptosis inducer (Erastin, Er) and photosensitizer (Rose Bengal, RB) into tumor tissues with high specificity. Methods: Exosome donor cells (HEK293T) were transfected with control or CD47-overexpressing plasmid. Exosomes were isolated and loaded with Er and RB via sonication method. Hepa1-6 cell xenograft C57BL/6 model was injected with control and engineered exosomes via tail vein. In vivo distribution of the injected exosomes was analyzed via tracking the fluorescence labeled exosomes. Photodynamic therapy was conducted by 532 nm laser irradiation. The therapeutic effects on hepatocellular carcinoma and toxic side-effects were systemically analyzed. Results: CD47 was efficiently loaded on the exosomes from the donor cells when CD47 was forced expressed by transfection. CD47 surface functionalization (ExosCD47) made the exosomes effectively escape the phagocytosis of mononuclear phagocyte system (MPS), and thus increased the distribution in tumor tissues. Erastin and RB could be effectively encapsulated into exosomes after sonication, and the drug-loaded exosomes (Er/RB@ExosCD47) strongly induced ferroptosis both in vitro and in vivo in tumor cells after irradiation of 532 nm laser. Moreover, compared with the control exosomes (Er/RB@ExosCtrl), Er/RB@ExosCD47 displayed much lower toxicity in liver. Conclusion: The engineered exosomes composed of CD47, Erastin, and Rose Bengal, induce obvious ferroptosis in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) with minimized toxicity in liver and kidney. The proposed exosomes would provide a promising strategy to treat types of malignant tumors.

12.
BMC Med Imaging ; 21(1): 114, 2021 07 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34294064

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The preoperative evaluation is crucial for diagnosis and surgical plan of retroperitoneum ganglioneuroma (GN). In this study, we reviewed a relatively large series of histopathological proved retroperitoneum GN cases, summarized the imaging features and further depicted risk factors of increased surgical blood loss. METHODS: A total of 35 (18 male, 17 female) patients were retrospectively enrolled from January 2012 to June 2019 at our institution. Among them, 24 patients had undergone CT scans and 19 patients had undergone MR examination before treatment. The clinical and radiological features were analyzed and the relationships between image features and surgical blood loss were evaluated. RESULTS: The media age of the involved 35 patients was 40 years (range, 14-66 years). The histological tumor size was 10.12 ± 4.56 cm for average. Retroperitoneum GN was relatively low density on unenhanced CT images and showed delayed progressive enhancement on enhanced CT and MR images. The whorled sign could be seen in 14 patients. The vessel encasement sign could be found in 17 patients. Univariate analysis revealed maximal tumor size measured on axial image, maximal tumor size measured on coronal image, encasing one or both renal pedicles, encasing the aorta and/or vena cava and whorled sign on MRI showed significant difference between the blood loss ≥ 400 ml and blood loss < 400 ml group. Logistic regression further detected that maximal tumor size measured on axial images (OR: 1.12; 95% CI: 1.02-1.24; P = 0.023) and encasing one or both renal pedicles (OR: 22.39; 95% CI: 1.35-372.99; P = 0.030) were independently correlated with surgical blood loss. CONCLUSIONS: Preoperative CT and MR imaging analysis was valuable for both diagnosis and surgical risk prediction of retroperitoneum GN.

13.
Pest Manag Sci ; 77(11): 5032-5048, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34223705

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Amitraz is a broad-spectrum insecticide/acaricide for the control of aphids, psyllids, ticks and mites. Current evidence suggests that ticks and phytophagous mites have developed strong resistance to amitraz. Previous studies have shown that multiple mechanisms are associated with amitraz resistance in ticks, but very few reports have involved Panonychus citri. We therefore used whole genome sequencing and bulked segregant analysis (BSA) to identify the mechanism underlying P. citri's resistance to amitraz. RESULTS: High-quality assembly of the whole P. citri genome was completed, resulting in a genome of approximately 83.97 Mb and a contig N50 of approximately 1.81 Mb. Gene structure predictions revealed 11 577 genes, of which 10 940 genes were annotated. Trait-associated regions in the genome were mapped with bulked segregant analysis and 38 candidate SNPs were obtained, of which T752C had the strongest correlation with the resistant trait, located at the 5' untranslated region (UTR) of the ß-2R adrenergic-like octopamine receptor gene. The mutation resulted in the formation of a short hairpin loop structure in mRNA and gene expression was down-regulated by more than 50% in the amitraz-resistant strain. Validation of the T752C mutation in field populations of P. citri found that the correlation between the resistance ratio and the base mutation was 94.40%. CONCLUSION: Our results suggest that this 5' UTR mutation of the ß-2R octopamine receptor gene, confers amitraz resistance in P. citri. This discovery provides a new explanation for the mechanism of pest resistance: base mutations in the 5' untranslated region of target gene may regulate the susceptibility of pests to pesticides.


Assuntos
Acaricidas , Ácaros , Toluidinas , Animais , Ácaros/genética , Sequenciamento Completo do Genoma
14.
Sci Total Environ ; 797: 148840, 2021 Nov 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34303970

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Many studies have reported the interactive effects between relative humidity and temperature on infectious diseases. However, evidence regarding the combined effects of relative humidity and temperature on bacillary dysentery (BD) is limited, especially for large-scale studies. To address this research need, humidex was utilized as a comprehensive index of relative humidity and temperature. We aimed to estimate the effect of humidex on BD across mainland China, evaluate its heterogeneity, and identify potential effect modifiers. METHODS: Daily meteorological and BD surveillance data from 2014 to 2016 were obtained for 316 prefecture-level cities in mainland China. Humidex was calculated on the basis of relative humidity and temperature. A multicity, two-stage time series analysis was then performed. In the first stage, a common distributed lag non-linear model (DLNM) was established to obtain city-specific estimates. In the second stage, a multivariate meta-analysis was conducted to pool these estimates, assess the significance of heterogeneity, and explore potential effect modifiers. RESULTS: The pooled cumulative estimates showed that humidex could promote the transmission of BD. The exposure-response relationship was nearly linear, with a maximum cumulative relative risk (RR) of 1.45 [95% confidence interval (CI): 1.29-1.63] at a humidex value of 40.94. High humidex had an acute adverse effect on BD. The humidex-BD relationship could be modified by latitude, urbanization rate, the natural growth rate of population, and the number of primary school students per thousand persons. CONCLUSIONS: High humidex could increase the risk of BD incidence. Thus, it is suitable to incorporate humidex as a predictor into the early warning system of BD and to inform the general public in advance to be cautious when humidex is high. This is especially true for regions with higher latitude, higher urbanization rates, lower natural growth rates of population, and lower numbers of primary school students per thousand persons.


Assuntos
Disenteria Bacilar , China/epidemiologia , Cidades , Disenteria Bacilar/epidemiologia , Humanos , Incidência , Temperatura
15.
Opt Express ; 29(13): 20930-20940, 2021 Jun 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34266170

RESUMO

We have proposed and implemented a novel scheme to obtain high-precision repetition rate stabilization for a polarization-maintaining mode-locked fiber laser. The essential technique lies in the periodic injection of electronically modulated optical pulses into a nonlinear amplifying loop mirror within the laser resonator. Thanks to the nonlinear cross-phase modulation effect, the injected pulses referenced to an external clock serves as a stable and precise timing trigger for an effective intensity modulator. Consequently, synchronous mode-locking can be initiated to output ultrafast pulses with a passively stabilized repetition rate. The capture range of the locking system reaches to a record of 1 mm, which enables a long-term stable operation over 15 hours without the need of temperature stabilization and vibration isolation. Meanwhile, the achieved standard deviation is as low as 100 µHz with a 1-s sample time, corresponding to a fluctuation instability of 5.0×10-12. Additionally, the repetition rate stabilization performance based on the passive synchronization has been systematically investigated by varying the average power, central wavelength and pulse duration of the optical injection.

16.
Stem Cell Res Ther ; 12(1): 426, 2021 07 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34321079

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Hypoxia has been shown to be able to induce tenogenic differentiation and proliferation of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) which lead hypoxia-induced MSCs to be a potential treatment for tendon injury. However, little is known about the mechanism underlying the tenogenic differentiation and proliferation process of hypoxic MSCs, which limited the application of differentiation-inducing therapies in tendon repair. This study was designed to investigate the role of Mohawk homeobox (Mkx) in tenogenic differentiation and proliferation of hypoxic MSCs. METHODS: qRT-PCR, western blot, and immunofluorescence staining were performed to evaluate the expression of Mkx and other tendon-associated markers in adipose-derived MSCs (AMSCs) and bone marrow-derived MSCs (BMSCs) under hypoxia condition. Small interfering RNA technique was applied to observe the effect of Mkx levels on the expression of tendon-associated markers in normoxic and hypoxic BMSCs. Hypoxic BMSCs infected with Mkx-specific short hair RNA (shRNA) or scramble were implanted into the wound gaps of injured patellar tendons to assess the effect of Mkx levels on tendon repair. In addition, cell counting kit-8 assay, colony formation unit assay, cell cycle analysis, and EdU assay were adopted to determine the proliferation capacity of normoxic or hypoxic BMSCs infected with or without Mkx-specific shRNA. RESULTS: Our data showed that the expression of Mkx significantly increased in hypoxic AMSCs and increased much higher in hypoxic BMSCs. Our results also detected that the expression of tenogenic differentiation markers after downregulation of Mkx were significantly decreased not only in normoxic BMSCs, but also in hypoxic BMSCs which paralleled the inferior histological evidences, worse biomechanical properties, and smaller diameters of collagen fibrils in vivo. In addition, our in vitro data demonstrated that the optical density values, the clone numbers, the percentage of cells in S phage, and cell proliferation potential of both normoxic and hypoxic BMSCs were all significantly increased after knockdown of Mkx and were also significantly enhanced in both AMSCs and BMSCs in hypoxia condition under which the expression of Mkx was upregulated. CONCLUSIONS: These findings strongly suggested that Mkx mediated hypoxia-induced tenogenic differentiation of MSCs but could not completely repress the proliferation of hypoxic MSCs.


Assuntos
Células-Tronco Mesenquimais , Diferenciação Celular , Proliferação de Células , Células Cultivadas , Humanos , Hipóxia , Tendões
17.
Front Oncol ; 11: 656190, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34307133

RESUMO

Background: FOXP3, as a tumour suppressor gene, has a vital function in inhibiting the metastasis of breast cancer cells, but the mechanisms by which it inhibits metastasis have not been fully elucidated. This study intended to explore a new mechanism by which FOXP3 inhibits breast cancer metastasis. Methods: Bioinformatic analysis was performed to identify potential downstream molecules of FOXP3. The function of FOXP3 in inhibiting MTA1 expression at the mRNA and protein levels was verified by real-time PCR and Western blot analysis. The interaction between FOXP3 and the MTA1 promoter was verified by transcriptomic experiments. In vitro and in vivo experiments were used to determine whether the regulation of MTA1 by FOXP3 affected the invasion and migration of breast cancer cells. Immunohistochemistry was adopted to explore the correlation between the expression levels of FOXP3 and MTA1 in breast cancer samples. Results: Bioinformatics-based sequencing suggested that MTA1 is a potential downstream molecule of FOXP3. FOXP3 downregulated the expression of MTA1 in breast cancer cells by directly inhibiting MTA1 promoter activity. Importantly, FOXP3's regulation of MTA1 affected the ability of breast cancer cells to invade and metastasize in vitro and in vivo. Moreover, analysis of clinical specimens showed a significant negative correlation between the expression levels of FOXP3 and MTA1 in breast cancer. Conclusion: We systematically explored a new mechanism by which FOXP3 inhibits breast cancer metastasis via the FOXP3-MTA1 pathway.

18.
iScience ; 24(6): 102515, 2021 Jun 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34142031

RESUMO

Propionate and propionyl-CoA accumulation have been associated with the development of mitochondrial dysfunction. In this study, we show that propionate induces intestinal damage in zebrafish when fed a high-fat diet (HFD). The intestinal damage was associated with oxidative stress owing to compromised superoxide dismutase 2 (Sod2) activity. Global lysine propionylation analysis of the intestinal samples showed that Sod2 was propionylated at lysine 132 (K132), and further biochemical assays demonstrated that K132 propionylation suppressed Sod2 activity. In addition, sirtuin 3 (Sirt3) played an important role in regulating Sod2 activity via modulating de-propionylation. Finally, we revealed that intestinal oxidative stress resulting from Sod2 propionylation contributed to compositional change of gut microbiota. Collectively, our results in this study show that there is a link between Sod2 propionylation and oxidative stress in zebrafish intestines and highlight the potential mechanism of intestinal problems associated with high propionate levels.

19.
Micromachines (Basel) ; 12(5)2021 May 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34063441

RESUMO

Dynamic data security in embedded systems is raising more and more concerns in numerous safety-critical applications. In particular, the data exchanges in embedded Systems-on-Chip (SoCs) using main memory are exposing many security vulnerabilities to external attacks, which will cause confidential information leakages and program execution failures for SoCs at key points. Therefore, this paper presents a security SoC architecture with integrating a four-parallel Advanced Encryption Standard-Galois/Counter Mode (AES-GCM) cryptographic accelerator for achieving high-efficiency data processing to guarantee data exchange security between the SoC and main memory against bus monitoring, off-line analysis, and data tampering attacks. The architecture design has been implemented and verified on a Xilinx Virtex-5 Field Programmable Gate Array (FPGA) platform. Based on evaluation of the cryptographic accelerator in terms of performance overhead, security capability, processing efficiency, and resource consumption, experimental results show that the parallel cryptographic accelerator does not incur significant performance overhead on providing confidentiality and integrity protections for exchanged data; its average performance overhead reduces to as low as 2.65% on typical 8-KB I/D-Caches, and its data processing efficiency is around 3 times that of the pipelined AES-GCM construction. The reinforced SoC under the data tampering attacks and benchmark tests confirms the effectiveness against external physical attacks and satisfies a good trade-off between high-efficiency and hardware overhead.

20.
Front Pharmacol ; 12: 655652, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34093188

RESUMO

The development of an effective pharmacological countermeasure is needed to reduce the morbidity and mortality in high-dose ionizing radiation-induced acute damage. Genistein has shown bioactivity in alleviating radiation damage and is currently synthesized by chemosynthetic methods. Due to concerns about chemical residues and high costs, the clinical application of genistein is still a major challenge. In this study, we aimed to establish an efficient method for the extraction of genistein from Fructus sophorae. The effects of extracted genistein (FSGen) on preventing intestinal injury from radiation were further investigated in this study. C57/BL mice were exposed to 7.5 Gy whole body irradiation with and without FSGen treatments. Histological analysis demonstrated significant structural and functional restitution of the intestine and bone marrow in FSGen-pretreated cohorts after irradiation. Through mRNA expression, protein expression, and small interfering RNA analyses, we demonstrated that FSGen protects IEC-6 cells against radiation damage by upregulating the Rassf1a and Ercc1 genes to effectively attenuate DNA irradiation damage. Together, our data established an effective method to extract genistein from the Fructus sophorae plant with high purity, and validated the beneficial roles of the FSGen in protecting the radiation damage. These results promise the future applications of Fructus sophorae extracted genistein in the protection of radiation related damages.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...