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1.
Anticancer Res ; 40(2): 1087-1093, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32014958

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The short- and long-term outcomes of esophagectomy for esophageal cancer were fully evaluated in patients older than 75 years of age. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The present study selected patients who received esophagectomy for esophageal cancer. Patients were divided into non-elderly patients [age <75 years (non-elderly group)] and elderly patients [age ≥75 years (elderly group)]. The postoperative surgical morbidity, postoperative 30-days mortality, recurrence-free survival (RFS), and overall survival (OS) rates were evaluated between the non-elderly group and elderly group. RESULTS: One hundred twenty-two patients were evaluated in this study. Ninety-eight patients and 24 patients were classified into the non-elderly group and elderly group, respectively. The postoperative surgical complication rates in the non-elderly and elderly groups were 71.4% and 75.0%. There was not a statistically significant difference between the two groups (p=0.710). Mortality was observed in 1 patient in the elderly group (4.2%) due to cardiovascular disease. Significant differences were observed in the five-year OS and RFS rates of the elderly and non-elderly groups (55.4% vs. 29.7%, p=0.0017 and 42.2% vs. 21.2%, p=0.0334, respectively). CONCLUSION: Although the rate of postoperative surgical complications after esophagectomy for esophageal cancer was almost equal in the elderly and the non-elderly patients, significant differences were observed in the mortality and long-term outcomes of the two groups. Thus, the surgical strategy and perioperative care must be carefully planned for esophageal cancer patients older than 75 years of age.

2.
World J Surg ; 2020 Jan 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31953612

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Surgery for gastric cancer should be performed as soon as possible after diagnosis. However, sometimes the waiting time for surgery tends to be longer. The relation between the waiting time for surgery and survival in patients with gastric cancer remains to be fully investigated. METHODS: This retrospective, single-center cohort study evaluated patients with gastric cancer who underwent curative surgery from 2006 through 2012 at Kanagawa Cancer Center in Japan. Patients who received neoadjuvant chemotherapy were excluded. The waiting time for surgery was defined as the time between the first visit and surgery. We investigated whether the waiting time for surgery has a linear negative impact on outcomes by using a Cox regression model with clinical prognostic factors. RESULTS: In total, 801 patients were eligible. The median waiting time was 45 days (range 10-269 days). The restricted cubic spline regression curve showed that the adjusted time-specific hazard ratios of waiting times did not indicate a linear negative trend on survival between 20 and 100 days (p = 0.759). In the Cox model with a quartile of waiting times, waiting times in the 32-44-day group, 43-62-day group, and ≥63 day groups were not associated with poorer overall survival as compared with the ≤31 day group (HR: 1.01, 95% CI 0.63-1.60, p = 0.984, HR: 1.17, 95% CI 0.70-1.94, p = 0.550, HR: 1.06, 95% CI 0.60-1.88, p = 0.831, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: There was no negative relation between the waiting time for surgery (within 100 days) and survival in patients with gastric cancer.

3.
Anticancer Res ; 40(1): 405-412, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31892594

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: To evaluate the outcomes of curative resection for Borrmann type IV gastric cancer through an analysis of the clinical, surgical and pathological data and through identifying which of these prognostic factors are associated with survival. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed 2798 patients who had undergone excision of the primary lesion and 122 patients with type IV gastric cancer undergoing curative resection (R0 or 1) at Yokohama City University Hospital and Kanagawa Cancer Center between November 1995 and May 2016. RESULTS: Borrmann type IV gastric cancer had more advanced and unfavorable clinicopathological factors compared to other types. The 5-year overall survival rate was 28%, and the median survival was 21.8 months. The overall survival rate was influenced by the depth of invasion, lymph node metastasis, peritoneal lavage cytology (CY), stage and intraoperative blood loss. Of these, independent prognostic factors were intraoperative blood loss (<400 vs. ≥400 ml, risk ratio 1.64; p=0.045) and CY (0 vs. 1, risk ratio 2.25; p=0.004). CONCLUSION: The control of intraoperative bleeding had a positive impact on the survival of patients receiving curative resection for Borrmann type IV gastric cancer.


Assuntos
Perda Sanguínea Cirúrgica , Cuidados Intraoperatórios , Neoplasias Gástricas/cirurgia , Idoso , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise Multivariada , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/patologia , Prognóstico , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
4.
Anticancer Res ; 40(1): 443-449, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31892599

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: We investigated the clinical influence of anastomotic leak (AL) on esophageal cancer survival and recurrence after curative surgery. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This study included 122 patients who underwent curative surgery for esophageal cancer between 2008 and 2018. The patients were classified into those with AL and those without. The risk factors for overall (OS) and recurrence-free (RFS) survival were identified. RESULTS: AL was found in 44 out of the 122 patients (36.1%). The respective OS rates at 3 and 5 years after surgery were 43.9% and 40.2% in the AL group and 63.9% and 53.2% in the non-AL group, which were significantly different (p=0.0049). In contrast, the respective RFS rates at 3 and 5 years after surgery were 44.8% and 29.8%, and 44.9% and 42.4%, which were not significantly different (p=0.2306). A multivariate analysis showed that AL was a significant independent risk factor for both poorer OS and RFS in patients who underwent curative surgery for esophageal cancer. CONCLUSION: To improve survival of patients with esophageal cancer, the surgical procedure, perioperative care and surgical strategy must be carefully planned in order to prevent AL.


Assuntos
Fístula Anastomótica/patologia , Neoplasias Esofágicas/patologia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/patologia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Causas de Morte , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise Multivariada , Análise de Sobrevida
5.
Surg Endosc ; 34(1): 429-435, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30969360

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic gastrectomy is becoming more commonly performed, but acquisition of its technique remains challenging. We investigated whether laparoscopy-assisted distal gastrectomy (LDG) performed by trainees (TR) supervised by a technically qualified experienced surgeon (QS) is feasible and safe. METHODS: The short-term outcomes of LDG were assessed in patients with gastric cancer between 2008 and 2018. We compared patients who underwent LDG performed by qualified experienced surgeons (QS group) with patients who underwent LDG performed by the trainees (TR group). RESULTS: The operation time was longer in the TR group than in the QS group (median time: 270 min vs. 239 min, p < 0.001). The median duration of the postoperative hospital stay was 9 days in the QS group and 8 days in the TR group (p = 0.003). The incidence of postoperative complications did not differ significantly between the two groups. Grade 2 or higher postoperative complications occurred in 18 patients (12.9%) in the QS group and 47 patients (11.7%) in the TR group (p = 0.763). Grade 3 or higher postoperative complications occurred in 9 patients (6.4%) in the QS group and 17 patients (4.2%) in the TR group (p = 0.357). Multivariate analysis showed that the American Society of Anesthesiologist Physical Status was an independent predictor of grade 2 or higher postoperative complications and that gender was an independent predictor of grade 3 or higher postoperative complications. The main operator (TR/QS) was not an independent predictor of complications. CONCLUSIONS: Laparoscopy-assisted distal gastrectomy performed by trainees supervised by an experienced surgeon is a feasible and safe procedure similar to that performed by experienced surgeons.

6.
Spine (Phila Pa 1976) ; 45(1): 38-47, 2020 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31425432

RESUMO

STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the image quality of low-radiation-dose computed tomography (LD-CT) of the thoracolumbar spine, using model-based iterative reconstruction (MBIR) for measuring pedicle diameter. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: MBIR can drastically reduce radiation dose but its utility in spine surgery planning is unknown. METHODS: We identified patients (mean age, 70.5 ±â€Š13.3 yrs) who incidentally underwent both standard-radiation-dose CT (SD-CT) with hybrid iterative reconstruction and LD-CT with MBIR of the thoracolumbar spine within 2 years. We compared radiation dose, subjective image sharpness, signal-to-noise ratio, and contrast-to-noise ratio for the two tests. Additionally, inner pedicle diameters were measured on SD-CT (DSD) and LD-CT (DLD), and statistically compared. RESULTS: We included 24 CT and 84 pedicles for each CT group. The radiation dose of LD-CT estimated by volume CT dose index was 1.21 ±â€Š0.42 mGy, one-sixth the dose of SD-CT. The effective dose of LD-CT was 0.58 ±â€Š0.31 mSv, equivalent to or less than that of a one-time lumbar X-ray in a previous report. LD-CT was significantly inferior in subjective image sharpness for the contour of vertebrae and trabecular structure, but superior for signal-to-noise ratio and contrast-to-noise ratio. The intra-rater reliability (intra-RR) and inter-RR for DLD were 0.985 and 0.892, respectively, comparable to those of DSD. DLD was consistently 0.30 mm smaller than DSD when compared within the same pedicle, regardless of pedicle diameter. CONCLUSION: LD-CT with MBIR produced a radiation dose equivalent to a one-time lumbar X-ray and provided excellent images for measuring pedicle diameter. LD-CT can be a substitute for SD-CT when planning spine surgery if the relationship between DSD and DLD is sufficiently understood. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: 3.

7.
J Cancer Res Clin Oncol ; 146(1): 75-86, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31754833

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The enzymes gamma-glutamyl hydrolase (GGH) and folylpolyglutamate synthetase (FPGS) regulate intracellular folate concentrations needed for cell proliferation, DNA synthesis, and repair. High GGH expression affects 5-FU thymidylate synthase (TS) inhibition and is a risk factor for various malignancies. Here, the clinical significance of GGH and FPGS expression was investigated in Stage II/III gastric cancer patients undergoing postoperative adjuvant chemotherapy with S-1. METHODS: Surgical specimens of cancer tissue and adjacent normal mucosa, obtained from 253 patients with previously untreated gastric cancer, were examined. GGH and FPGS mRNA expression was measured by qPCR to evaluate their clinicopathological significance in gastric cancer patients after curative resection. RESULTS: While FPGS expression showed no significant differences between the cancerous and normal samples, GGH expression was higher in cancer tissue than in adjacent normal mucosa. High GGH expression was correlated with age, histological type, and vascular invasion. Overall survival (OS) of patients with high GGH mRNA expression was significantly poorer than of patients with low GGH expression. Multivariate analysis showed that high GGH expression was an independent prognostic factor of OS (HR: 2.58, 95% CI 1.29-5.16). Patients who received S-1 adjuvant treatment showed a significantly poor OS between high GGH/low FPGS and low GGH/high FPGS. Patients without adjuvant treatment showed no significant difference. CONCLUSION: GGH expression was significantly higher in gastric cancer tissue than in adjacent normal mucosa. High GGH and low FPGS expression is a useful independent predictor of poor outcomes in stage II/III gastric cancer patients undergoing postoperative adjuvant chemotherapy with S-1.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Biomarcadores Tumorais/biossíntese , Peptídeo Sintases/biossíntese , Neoplasias Gástricas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Gástricas/enzimologia , gama-Glutamil Hidrolase/biossíntese , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Quimioterapia Adjuvante , Combinação de Medicamentos , Feminino , Mucosa Gástrica/enzimologia , Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Ácido Oxônico/administração & dosagem , Peptídeo Sintases/genética , RNA Mensageiro/biossíntese , RNA Mensageiro/genética , Neoplasias Gástricas/patologia , Neoplasias Gástricas/cirurgia , Tegafur/administração & dosagem , gama-Glutamil Hidrolase/genética
8.
In Vivo ; 34(1): 461-467, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31882514

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: Endothelial cell-specific molecule-1 (ESM-1) is a soluble proteoglycan which has important role in various biological events. We investigated the impact of the ESM-1 expression in cancer tissues on outcomes in stage II/III gastric cancer patients who received adjuvant S-1 chemotherapy. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The ESM-1 mRNA expression in cancerous tissues and adjacent normal mucosa from 253 patients was measured. The associations between the ESM-1 gene expression and the survival and clinicopathological features were investigated. RESULTS: A significant association was observed between high ESM-1 expression and undifferentiated adenocarcinoma. The overall survival curve was significantly lower in patients with high ESM-1 expression than in those with low expression (p=0.005). High ESM-1 expression was a significant independent prognosticator (HR=2.291, p=0.007). CONCLUSION: ESM-1 gene expression in cancerous tissues is an important prognosticator in stage II/III gastric cancer patients who received adjuvant S-1 chemotherapy.

9.
Anticancer Res ; 39(12): 6567-6573, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31810922

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: The KIAA1199 gene has been associated with cancer-cell proliferation, but its functions remain poorly studied. Here, we examined the clinical significance of the KIAA1199 mRNA levels in locally advanced gastric cancer (GC). Materials and Methods/Results: Using samples from 254 patients with stage II/III GC, we found significantly higher KIAA1199 levels in cancerous tissues compared to adjacent normal mucosa (ANM). There was no significant relationship between KIAA1199 expression and clinical features. Although overall survival rates (OSR) of patients, who underwent surgery did not correlate with KIAA1199 expression, patients who underwent adjuvant chemotherapy with S-1 and had high KIAA1199 levels displayed significantly lower OSR. KIAA1199 knock down (KIAA1199-KD) suppressed proliferation, invasiveness, and sensitivity of GC cells to 5-fluorouracil (5-FU). CONCLUSION: KIAA1199 expression appears to be a promising prognostic marker in patients with locally advanced GC, who underwent postoperative adjuvant chemotherapy with S-1. KIAA1199 may represent a novel target for GC pharmacotherapy.


Assuntos
Hialuronoglucosaminidase/genética , Ácido Oxônico/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias Gástricas/terapia , Tegafur/uso terapêutico , Regulação para Cima , Idoso , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células , Quimioterapia Adjuvante , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos do Sistema Digestório , Combinação de Medicamentos , Feminino , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Invasividade Neoplásica , Prognóstico , Neoplasias Gástricas/genética , Neoplasias Gástricas/mortalidade , Análise de Sobrevida
10.
Int J Clin Oncol ; 2019 Dec 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31865480

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: We retrospectively evaluated the blood coagulation activity using the D-dimer level in the early period after gastrectomy and investigated whether postoperative hypercoagulation affects tumor recurrence and long-term survival in gastric cancer patients. METHODS: The study involved 650 patients who underwent curative resection for gastric cancer at Kanagawa Cancer Center between July 2009 and July 2013. They were divided into a low-D-dimer group (LD group) and high-D-dimer group (HD group) according to the median D-dimer level on postoperative day (POD) 7. The risk factors for overall survival (OS) and relapse-free survival (RFS) were identified. RESULTS: Of the 448 enrolled patients, 218 were classified into the LD group and 230 into the HD group. The 5-year OS rates after surgery were 90.8% and 81.3% in the LD and HD groups, respectively (p < 0.001). The 5-year RFS rates after surgery were 89.9% and 76.1% in the LD and HD groups, respectively (p < 0.001). A high D-dimer level on POD 7 (≥ 4.9 µg/ml) was identified as an independent predictive factor for both the OS (hazard ratio [HR] 1.955, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.158-3.303, p = 0.012) and RFS (HR 2.182, 95% CI 1.327-3.589, p = 0.002). Furthermore, hematological recurrence was significantly more frequent in the HD group than in the LD group (p = 0.014). CONCLUSION: A high D-dimer level on POD 7 may predict tumor recurrence and the long-term survival in patients who undergo gastrectomy for locally advanced gastric cancer. Patients with an elevated postoperative D-dimer level need careful observation and diagnostic imaging to timely detect tumor recurrence.

11.
J Cancer ; 10(22): 5527-5535, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31632496

RESUMO

Background: The aim of this study was to determine whether or not the short- and long-term outcomes were affected by the age-adjusted Charlson comorbidity index (ACCI) in patients who underwent curative resection for gastric cancer. Methods: The patients were retrospectively selected from among the medical records of consecutive patients who underwent curative gastrectomy with nodal dissection for gastric cancer at Yokohama City University and Kanagawa Cancer Center from January 2000 to August 2015. Results: A total of 2254 patients were eligible for inclusion in the present study. One thousand six hundred fifty-six patients had an ACCI of <6 points (ACCI low group), while 598 had a score of ≥6 points (ACCI high group). The median age (p<0.001) and American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status (ASA-PS) score (p<0.001) of the ACCI high group were higher in comparison to the ACCI low group. The incidence of surgical complications in the ACCI high group was significantly higher than that in the ACCI low group (12.0% vs. 7.2%, p<0.001). Univariate and multivariate analyses demonstrated that an ACCI high classification was a significant risk factor for postoperative complications. In addition, the 5-year OS rates of the ACCI low and ACCI high groups were 85.4% and 74.1%, respectively. The difference was statistically significant (p<0.001). The univariate and multivariate analyses demonstrated that an ACCI high classification was a significant prognostic factor for OS. Conclusions: Our results support that a high ACCI value is an independent risk factor for the short- and long-term outcomes of patients with gastric cancer. To improve the survival of patients with gastric cancer, it is necessary to carefully plan the perioperative care and the surgical strategy according to the ACCI.

12.
Anticancer Res ; 39(10): 5715-5720, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31570472

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: The PRKCI gene encodes Protein kinase C iota. The overexpression of protein kinase C iota is associated with poor outcomes in patients with gastric and other cancers, but the role of the PRKCI gene in gastric cancer is not fully understood. Thus, we evaluated the clinical significance of PRKCI gene expression in gastric cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: PRKCI mRNA expression levels in cancerous tissues and adjacent normal mucosa from 398 patients with gastric cancer were measured. Relationships between PRKCI gene expression and clinicopathological characteristics and outcomes were examined. RESULTS: Overall survival was lower in patients with a high expression of PRKCI than in those with low expression (p=0.016). No other relationships were observed. A high PRKCI expression was found to be an independent prognostic factor (p=0.036, HR=1.44, 95%CI=1.02-2.02). CONCLUSION: PRKCI gene expression in cancerous tissue might be a useful prognostic factor in patients with gastric cancer after gastrectomy.


Assuntos
Expressão Gênica/genética , Isoenzimas/genética , Proteína Quinase C/genética , Neoplasias Gástricas/genética , Gastrectomia/métodos , Mucosa Gástrica/patologia , Humanos , Prognóstico , RNA Mensageiro/genética , Neoplasias Gástricas/patologia
13.
Sci Rep ; 9(1): 11606, 2019 Aug 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31406156

RESUMO

Sporadic inclusion body myositis (sIBM) is the most commonly acquired myopathy in middle-aged and elderly people. The muscle histology is characterized by both inflammation and degeneration, including sarcoplasmic aggregation of TDP-43. Cylindromatosis (CYLD) is a deubiquitinating enzyme that targets Lys63-linked ubiquitin chains and negatively regulates signal transduction pathways, such as NF-κB signalling pathways. We examined localization of CYLD as well as phosphorylated TDP-43, phosphorylated p62, and Lys63-linked ubiquitin in muscle tissues of sIBM patients and muscle-specific wild-type TDP-43 transgenic (TDP-43 TG) mice. We investigated whether overexpression of CYLD can affect muscle toxicity in the cell models treated by endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress inducers tunicamycin and thapsigargin. CYLD expressed with phosphorylated TDP-43, phosphorylated p62, and Lys63-linked ubiquitin in the nuclear and perinuclear regions of muscle fibres of wild-type TDP-43 TG mice and the degenerative myofibres of sIBM patients with rimmed vacuoles and endomysial cellular infiltration. Although expression levels of CYLD decreased and cell viability was reduced in cells treated with ER stress inducers, wild-type CYLD, but not the catalytic mutant, substantially improved cell viability based on the deubiquitinase activity. Dysregulation of CYLD may reinforce myodegeneration in the pathophysiology of sIBM by attenuating autophagic clearance of protein aggregates. Regulating CYLD in muscle fibres might serve as a novel therapeutic strategy for sIBM treatment.

14.
Muscle Nerve ; 60(6): 739-744, 2019 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31449671

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Hereditary motor and sensory neuropathy with proximal dominant involvement (HMSN-P) is characterized by adult onset, a slowly progressive course and autosomal dominant inheritance. It remains unclear whether myopathic changes occur histopathologically. METHODS: We encountered 2 patients in a family with a heterozygous p.P285L mutation in TRK-fused gene (TFG), which is known to cause HMSN-P. The affected individuals developed proximal-dominant muscle weakness in their 40s, which slowly progressed to a motor neuron disease-like phenotype. RESULTS: Muscle biopsy showed myopathic pathology including fiber size variability, increased internal nuclei, fiber splitting, and core-like structures, associated with neurogenic changes: large groups of atrophic fibers and fiber type-grouping. Immunohistochemistry revealed sarcoplasmic aggregates of TFG, TDP-43, and p62 without congophilic material. CONCLUSIONS: The present study demonstrates myopathic changes in HMSN-P. Although the mechanisms underlying the skeletal muscle involvement remain to be elucidated, immunohistochemistry suggests that abnormal protein aggregation may be involved in the myopathic pathology.


Assuntos
Neuropatia Hereditária Motora e Sensorial/patologia , Fibras Musculares Esqueléticas/patologia , Músculo Esquelético/patologia , Potenciais de Ação , Proteínas de Ligação a DNA/metabolismo , Feminino , Imunofluorescência , Neuropatia Hereditária Motora e Sensorial/diagnóstico por imagem , Neuropatia Hereditária Motora e Sensorial/genética , Neuropatia Hereditária Motora e Sensorial/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Músculo Esquelético/diagnóstico por imagem , Atrofia Muscular/patologia , Condução Nervosa , Linhagem , Proteínas/genética , Proteínas de Ligação a RNA/metabolismo , Retículo Sarcoplasmático/metabolismo , Irmãos
15.
Asian J Endosc Surg ; 2019 Jul 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31297969

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: We propose a novel technique to close Petersen's defect using barbed sutures and evaluate the safety and usefulness of this technique by assessing postoperative complications and measuring the time required to close Petersen's defect. MATERIALS AND SURGICAL TECHNIQUE: Petersen's defect was closed laparoscopically with running non-absorbable barbed sutures (V-loc®) after a nodal dissection and reconstruction procedure. First, the transverse colon was elevated cranially, making the dorsal side of the transverse mesocolon a flattened surface. The intersection of the transverse mesocolon and Roux limb mesentery was then identified, and closure was started from this point. We continued to sew the transverse mesocolon and Roux limb mesentery toward the transverse colon with a running suture. At the end of suturing, we placed one or two stitches in the fatty appendices of the transverse colon and cut the free tail of thread as short as possible. DISCUSSION: We investigated postoperative complications and measured the time required to close Petersen's defect in 64 patients who underwent this technique. The results showed that this closure technique could be performed promptly and safely regardless of the patient, surgical procedure, and the experience of the operator.

16.
J Cancer ; 10(11): 2450-2456, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31258750

RESUMO

Aims: We previously demonstrated that a loss of lean body mass loss at one month after gastrectomy was an independent risk factor for the continuation of adjuvant chemotherapy with S-1. However, it is unclear whether or not lean body mass loss after gastrectomy leads to a poor survival through poor compliance to adjuvant chemotherapy with S-1. Methods: The recurrence free survival (RFS) overall survival (OS) and were examined in 115 patients who underwent curative gastrectomy and were pathologically diagnosed with stage II or III gastric cancer and who received postoperative adjuvant chemotherapy with S-1 between May 2011 and September 2016. Results: The median follow-up period was 40.6 months. The RFS rates at 5 years after surgery were 57.8% in the lean body mass loss ≥5% group and 73.5% in the lean body mass loss <5% group. The univariate and multivariate analyses for the disease free survival (RFS) demonstrated that a lean body mass loss >5% was a significant risk factor. The OS rates at 5 years after surgery were 72.0% in the lean body mass loss ≥5% group and 77.3% in the lean body mass loss <5% group. The OS was slightly worse in the lean body mass loss ≥5% group than in the lean body mass loss <5% group (p=0.2062). Conclusions: The lean body mass loss at one month, which is closely associated with poor S-1 compliance, was an important risk factor for the RFS. A prospective cohort study is necessary to confirm whether or not the lean body mass loss affects the gastric cancer survival.

17.
J Pathol ; 249(2): 182-192, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31056746

RESUMO

Mutations in the Matrin 3 (MATR3) gene have been identified as a cause of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) or vocal cord and pharyngeal weakness with distal myopathy (VCPDM). This study investigated the mechanism by which mutant MATR3 causes multisystem proteinopathy (MSP) including ALS and VCPDM. We first analyzed the muscle pathology of C57BL/6 mice injected with adeno-associated viruses expressing human WT or mutant (S85C) MATR3. We next generated transgenic mice that overexpress mutant (S85C) MATR3, driven by the CMV early enhancer/chicken ß-actin promoter, and evaluated their clinicopathological features. Intramuscular injection of viruses expressing WT and mutant MATR3 induced similar myogenic changes, including smaller myofibers with internal nuclei, and upregulated p62 and LC3-II. Mutant MATR3 transgenic mice showed decreased body weight and lower motor activity. Muscle histology demonstrated myopathic changes including fiber-size variation, internal nuclei and rimmed vacuoles. Spinal cord histology showed a reduced number of motor neurons, and activation of microglia and astrocytes. Comprehensive proteomic analyses of muscle demonstrated upregulation of proteins related to chaperones, stress response, protein degradation, and nuclear function. Overexpression of WT and mutant MATR3 similarly caused myotoxicity, recapitulating the clinicopathological features of MSP. These models will be helpful for analyzing MSP pathogenesis and for understanding the function of MATR3. © 2019 Pathological Society of Great Britain and Ireland. Published by John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

18.
Anticancer Res ; 39(5): 2671-2678, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31092467

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: Postoperative pneumonia after esophageal cancer can lead to additional pain, prolonged hospital stay, and respiratory failure. These adverse events might lead to early recurrence and/or death. We investigated the influence of postoperative pneumonia on the esophageal cancer survival and recurrence after curative surgery. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This study included 122 patients who underwent curative surgery for esophageal cancer between 2008 and 2018. The patients were classified into: i) those with postoperative pneumonia (pneumonia group) and ii) those without postoperative pneumonia (non-pneumonia group). The risk factors for the overall survival (OS) and recurrence-free survival (RFS) were identified. The rate of postoperative pneumonia was measured by the revised Uniform Pneumonia Score. RESULTS: Postoperative complications were found in 34 of the 122 patients (27.9%). The OS rate at 5 years following surgery was 28.2% in the pneumonia group and 55.1% in the non-pneumonia group (p=0.006). The RFS rate at 5 years after surgery was 18.9% in the pneumonia group and 49.2% in the non-pneumonia group (p=0.061). A multivariate analysis showed that postoperative pneumonia was a significant independent risk factor for OS. CONCLUSION: The development of postoperative pneumonia was a risk factor for a decreased overall survival in patients who underwent curative surgery for esophageal cancer. The surgical procedure, perioperative care and surgical strategy should be carefully planned in order to avoid postoperative pneumonia.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Esofágicas/epidemiologia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/epidemiologia , Pneumonia/epidemiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Adulto , Idoso , Sobreviventes de Câncer , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Neoplasias Esofágicas/complicações , Neoplasias Esofágicas/patologia , Neoplasias Esofágicas/cirurgia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/patologia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/cirurgia , Pneumonia/etiologia , Pneumonia/patologia , Pneumonia/cirurgia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/patologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/cirurgia , Fatores de Risco
19.
Lab Invest ; 99(11): 1728-1740, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30894671

RESUMO

Oculopharyngeal muscular dystrophy (OPMD) is a late-onset disorder characterized by ptosis, dysphagia, and weakness of proximal limbs. OPMD is caused by the expansion of polyalanine in poly(A)-binding protein, nuclear 1 (PABPN1). Although mitochondrial abnormality has been proposed as the possible etiology, the molecular pathogenesis is still poorly understood. The aim of the study was to specify the mechanism by which expanded PABPN1 causes mitochondrial dysfunction in OPMD. We evaluated whether transgenic mouse model of OPMD, by expressing expanded PABPN1, indeed causes mitochondrial abnormality associated with muscle degeneration. We also investigated the mechanism by which expanded PABPN1 would cause mitochondrial dysfunction in the mouse and cell models of OPMD. Mitochondrial localization of PABPN1 was observed in the muscle fibers of patients with OPMD. Moreover, abnormal accumulation of PABPN1 on the inner membrane of mitochondria and reduced expression of OXPHOS complexes were detected in the muscle fibers of the transgenic mice expressing expanded human PABPN1 with a 13-alanine stretch. In cells expressing PABPN1 with a 10-alanine or 18-alanine stretch, both types of PABPN1 accumulated in the mitochondria and interacted with TIM23 mitochondrial protein import complex, but PABPN1 with 18-alanine stretch decreased the cell viability and aggresome formation. We proposed that the abnormal accumulation of expanded PABPN1 in mitochondria may be associated with mitochondrial abnormality in OPMD.

20.
Gan To Kagaku Ryoho ; 45(10): 1536-1538, 2018 Oct.
Artigo em Japonês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30382070

RESUMO

A 32-year-old woman with a history of undergoing upper gastrointestinal surgery was administered prednisolone for abortive Behçet's disease since 2015. In March 2017, upper gastrointestinal endoscopy revealed a 0-IIc type early stage gastric carcinoma at the posterior wall of the gastric antrum. The pathological diagnosis was signet-ring cell carcinoma. This gastric carcinoma was classified as cT1aN0M0; therefore, endoscopic submucosal dissection(ESD)was performed for the expanded indication lesion in April 2017. The pathological diagnosis after ESD indicated the need for non-curative resection; thus, laparoscopy-assisted distal gastrectomy and Billroth I anastomosis were performed in July 2017. A transient anastomotic structure was admitted after this surgery, but she was discharged from the hospital lighthearted. A preoperative important aspect was the careful examination of all intestinal tracts for ulcer lesions, and an intraoperative important aspect was hand-sewn anastomosis because using a metallic stapler conferred a high risk of ulcer lesions and suture failure. We encountered a case wherein laparoscopy-assisted distal gastrectomy was performed in a patient with abortive Behçet's disease, early stage gastric carcinoma, and a history of undergoing upper gastrointestinal surgery.


Assuntos
Síndrome de Behçet/complicações , Neoplasias Gástricas/cirurgia , Adulto , Feminino , Gastrectomia , Gastroenterostomia , Humanos , Laparoscopia , Neoplasias Gástricas/complicações
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