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1.
Br J Nutr ; : 1-9, 2021 Feb 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33632354

RESUMO

Differences in individual eating habits may be influenced by genetic factors, in addition to cultural, social or environmental factors. Previous studies suggested that genetic variants within sweet taste receptor genes family were associated with sweet taste perception and the intake of sweet foods. The aim of this study was to conduct a genome-wide association study (GWAS) to find genetic variations that affect confection consumption in a Japanese population. We analysed GWAS data on confection consumption using 14 073 participants from the Japan Multi-Institutional Collaborative Cohort study. We used a semi-quantitative FFQ to estimate food intake that was validated previously. Association of the imputed variants with confection consumption was performed by linear regression analysis with adjustments for age, sex, total energy intake and principal component analysis components 1-3. Furthermore, the analysis was repeated adjusting for alcohol intake (g/d) in addition to the above-described variables. We found 418 SNP located in 12q24 that were associated with confection consumption. SNP with the ten lowest P-values were located on nine genes including at the BRAP, ACAD10 and aldehyde dehydrogenase 2 regions on 12q24.12-13. After adjustment for alcohol intake, no variant was associated with confections intake with genome-wide significance. In conclusion, we found a significant number of SNP located on 12q24 genes that were associated with confections intake before adjustment for alcohol intake. However, all of them lost statistical significance after adjustment for alcohol intake.

2.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 2898, 2021 Feb 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33536516

RESUMO

In Japan, recommendations for HPV vaccines were suspended in 2013 due to unfounded safety fears. Although vaccine opponents claim modifying sexual behavior can prevent cervical cancer, no comprehensive data exist on sexual behavior and the risk of high-grade cervical disease in a Japanese population. This study investigates sexual behavior and the risk of HPV infection and cervical disease in 3968 women aged 20-41 yrs undergoing cervical screening between April 2014 and March 2016. Mean age at first intercourse was 18.4 yrs ± 2.8 and 32% of women reported ≥ 6 lifetime sexual partners. In regression analyses, number of partners was a significant risk factor for HPV infection. However, for high-grade disease (CIN2+), when HPV genotype was adjusted for, number of partners was not statistically significant. The greatest risk factor was an HPV16/18 infection (adjusted odds ratio 113.7, 95% CI: 40.8-316.9). In conclusion, we found that having an HPV16/18 infection and not sexual behavior was the most significant risk factor for high grade cervical disease in young Japanese women. These infections can be prevented by a highly effective vaccine and we recommend that the Japanese government resume proactive recommendations for the HPV vaccine immediately.

3.
Psychoneuroendocrinology ; 125: 105125, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33429220

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Late life depression and perceived stress could influence disease pathways via reduced 11ß-HSD2 activity, particularly given suggestions that reduced 11ß-HSD2 activity, which is reflected in the cortisol-to-cortisone ratio, is a risk factor of disease. To date, however, examination of the relationship between the cortisol-to-cortisone ratio and perceived stress or depressive symptoms is insufficient. METHODS: We examined the cross-sectional association of the cortisol-to-cortisone ratio with perceived stress and depressive symptoms, and analyzed whether cortisol levels modify this association, in 6878 participants aged 45-74 years. Cortisol and cortisone in spot urine were measured using liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry. Perceived stress during the past year was measured using a self-reported questionnaire. Depressive symptoms were evaluated using the Zung Self-Rating Depression Scale. Analyses were performed with adjustment for age, sex, lifestyle factors (smoking habit, alcohol consumption, physical activity, and sleeping hours), and physical health factors (body mass index [kg/m2] and medical history [diabetes, hypertension, and medication for hyperlipidemia or corticosteroids]). RESULTS: Cortisol-to-cortisone ratio and cortisol were positively associated with perceived stress (% change: 2.33, Ptrend = 0.003; and 4.74, Ptrend = 0.001, respectively), but were not significantly associated with depressive symptoms. Further, the relationship between cortisol-to-cortisone ratio and perceived stress was modified by cortisol level and sex: the positive association between perceived stress and the cortisol-to-cortisone ratio was more evident in subjects with lower cortisol levels (Pinteraction = 0.009) and in men (Pinteraction = 0.026). CONCLUSIONS: These findings suggest that the cortisol-to-cortisone ratio in spot urine may be a useful marker for non-acute perceived stress in daily life against a possible background of reduced 11ß-HSD2 in older adults.

4.
Aging (Albany NY) ; 13(2): 1692-1717, 2021 01 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33468709

RESUMO

Type 2 Diabetes (T2D) is an emerging public health problem in Asia. Although ethnic specific mtDNA polymorphisms have been shown to contribute to T2D risk, the functional effects of the mtDNA polymorphisms and the therapeutic potential of mitochondrial-derived peptides at the mtDNA polymorphisms are underexplored. Here, we showed an Asian-specific mitochondrial DNA variation m.1382A>C (rs111033358) leads to a K14Q amino acid replacement in MOTS-c, an insulin sensitizing mitochondrial-derived peptide. Meta-analysis of three cohorts (n = 27,527, J-MICC, MEC, and TMM) show that males but not females with the C-allele exhibit a higher prevalence of T2D. In J-MICC, only males with the C-allele in the lowest tertile of physical activity increased their prevalence of T2D, demonstrating a kinesio-genomic interaction. High-fat fed, male mice injected with MOTS-c showed reduced weight and improved glucose tolerance, but not K14Q-MOTS-c treated mice. Like the human data, female mice were unaffected. Mechanistically, K14Q-MOTS-c leads to diminished insulin-sensitization in vitro. Thus, the m.1382A>C polymorphism is associated with susceptibility to T2D in men, possibly interacting with exercise, and contributing to the risk of T2D in sedentary males by reducing the activity of MOTS-c.

5.
Vaccine ; 39(1): 11-17, 2021 01 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33229109

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The Japanese national immunization program recommends that children receive 4 doses of acellular pertussis vaccine between 3 months and 2 years of age. Nevertheless, the number of pertussis cases is increasing in elementary school children aged 6-12 years. Therefore, a test-negative case-control study was conducted to assess the effectiveness of the pertussis vaccine program. METHODS: Subjects included children aged ≥3 months who visited a collaborating hospital due to pertussis-specific cough between October 2017 and November 2019. All subjects underwent diagnostic tests for pertussis, and those diagnosed as positive were regarded as cases. Subjects diagnosed as pertussis-negative were classified as controls. Vaccination history was collected using a questionnaire administered to parents with reference to immunization records. Logistic regression models were employed to calculate the odds ratio (OR) and 95% confidence interval for laboratory-confirmed pertussis. RESULTS: Of 187 recruited subjects (120 cases and 67 controls), questionnaire responses were obtained for 145 subjects (95 cases and 50 controls). Compared with unvaccinated subjects, the vaccine effectiveness (VE) of 4 doses was 70% among all subjects and reached to 90% with marginal significance among subjects under 6 years of age. However, among school-aged subjects, the VE was not suggestive of protection against pertussis (VE: 8%). For vaccinees given 4 doses, the OR for developing pertussis increased significantly with longer duration since the fourth dose (compared with <4.5 years, OR of 6.0-8.2 years = 5.74; OR of ≥8.3 years = 3.88; P for trend by duration < 0.01). CONCLUSION: Effectiveness of administering 4 doses of pertussis vaccine during infancy decreases with time passed since the fourth dose. This regimen does not protect school-aged children against pertussis.

6.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 18499, 2020 10 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33116160

RESUMO

There are few studies examining the association between homocysteine (Hcy) level and the risk of hypertension with consideration for folate and vitamin B12 as related to Hcy level. We simultaneously examined the associations of plasma levels of Hcy, folate, and vitamin B12, and dietary folate intake with the prevalence of hypertension. Participants included 1046 men and 1033 women (mean age ± standard deviation: 56.0 ± 8.9 years) in the Japan Multi-Institutional Collaborative Cohort Study. Dietary folate intake was estimated using a validated food frequency questionnaire. Hypertension was defined based on measured blood pressure and use of antihypertensive medication. A total of 734 participants (35.3%) had hypertension. Multivariate-adjusted odds ratios of hypertension for the highest quartile group of Hcy were 2.36 (95% CI 1.41-3.96) in men and 1.86 (95% CI 1.11-3.11) in women, as compared with the lowest group (P for trend = 0.014 and 0.005, respectively). Dietary folate intake was not correlated with hypertension in both men and women (P for trend = 0.099 and 0.703, respectively). Plasma vitamin B12 was positively associated with hypertension only in women (P for trend = 0.027). Plasma Hcy level was positively linked with hypertension after controlling for covariates, including folate and vitamin B12.

7.
Cancer Sci ; 2020 Oct 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33040433

RESUMO

Cervical cancer remains among the most common cancers in women worldwide and can be prevented by vaccination. The Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare of Japan suspended active recommendation of regular human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccines in 2013 because of various symptoms including chronic pain and motor impairment. This nationwide case-control study from April 2013 to March 2017 targeted women aged 20-24 years old at cervical screening. We compared HPV vaccination exposure between those with abnormal and normal cytology. Abnormal cytology was classified based on the results of histological test and we calculated the odds ratio (OR) and 95% confidence interval (CI) of the above endpoints and vaccination exposure using the conditional logistic regression model and estimated vaccine effectiveness using the formula (1 - OR) × 100. A total of 2483 cases and 12 296 controls (one-to-five matching) were eligible in 31 municipalities in Japan. The distribution of histological abnormalities among cases was 797 CIN1 (including dysplasia) (32.1%), 165 CIN2 (6.7%), 44 CIN3 (1.8%), and eight squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) (0.3%). The OR of HPV vaccination compared with no vaccination for abnormal cytology, CIN1+, CIN2+, and CIN3+ versus controls was 0.42 (95% CI, 0.34-0.50), 0.42 (95% CI, 0.31-0.58), 0.25 (95% CI, 0.12-0.54), and 0.19 (95% CI, 0.03-1.15), respectively, equating to a vaccine effectiveness of 58.5%, 57.9%, 74.8%, and 80.9%, respectively. Eight patients had SCC, none was vaccinated. This nationwide case-control study in Japan demonstrated a substantial risk reduction in abnormal cytology and CIN among women who did versus those who did not receive HPV vaccination.

8.
BMC Infect Dis ; 20(1): 712, 2020 Sep 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32993511

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Japan's National Immunization Program does not cover rotavirus vaccine and no government subsidies are available. This study aimed to measure the uptake of and determinants that influenced self-paid rotavirus vaccination, including socioeconomic status and relative poverty. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study at health check-ups for all children aged 18 months in Kanazawa, Japan, between December 2017 and July 2018. Community nurses collected information on self-paid vaccination history, parents' perceptions of and recommendations for rotavirus vaccine, and socioeconomic status in interviews using a unified questionnaire. We used multivariable logistic regression to assess vaccine uptake and possible determinants. RESULTS: In total, 1282 participants were enrolled. The estimated rotavirus vaccine coverage was 72.9%. Perceptions that rotavirus gastroenteritis was serious and that the rotavirus vaccine was effective, pediatricians' recommendations, information from the city office, magazine and Internet articles, and higher parental education level were associated with higher rotavirus vaccine uptake. Lower household income was associated with decreased rotavirus vaccine uptake. Vaccine expense, fear of adverse reactions to the vaccine, number of household members and siblings, and children's characteristics were not correlated with rotavirus vaccination. Poverty was associated with decreased rotavirus vaccine uptake, even after adjustment for other determinants (adjusted odds ratio 0.49, 95% confidence interval: 0.26-0.90). CONCLUSION: Parents' perceptions, socioeconomic status, relative poverty, and pediatricians' recommendations are determinants of vaccination. This study suggests that appropriate information about rotavirus vaccine, subsidies for those of lower socioeconomic status, and national recommendations are necessary to achieve higher coverage.


Assuntos
Pais/psicologia , Percepção , Infecções por Rotavirus/prevenção & controle , Vacinas contra Rotavirus/economia , Rotavirus/imunologia , Classe Social , Vacinação/economia , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Programas de Imunização , Renda , Lactente , Japão/epidemiologia , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Razão de Chances , Pobreza , Infecções por Rotavirus/epidemiologia , Infecções por Rotavirus/virologia , Vacinas contra Rotavirus/imunologia , Inquéritos e Questionários
9.
J Epidemiol ; 2020 Sep 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32963210

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The Japan Multi-institutional Collaborative Cohort (J-MICC) study was launched in 2005 to examine gene-environment interactions in lifestyle-related diseases, including cancers, among the Japanese. This report describes the study design and baseline profile of the study participants. METHODS: The participants of the J-MICC Study were individuals aged 35 to 69 years enrolled from respondents to study announcements in specified regions, inhabitants attending health checkup examinations provided by local governments, visitors at health checkup centers, and first-visit patients at a cancer hospital in Japan. At the time of the baseline survey, from 2005 to 2014, we obtained comprehensive information regarding demographics, education, alcohol consumption, smoking, sleeping, exercise, food intake frequency, medication and supplement use, personal and family disease history, psychological stress, and female reproductive history, and collected peripheral blood samples. RESULTS: The baseline survey included 92,610 adults (mean age: 55.2 [9.4] years, 44.1% men) from 14 study regions in 12 prefectures. The participation rate was 33.5%, with participation ranging from 19.7% to 69.8% in different study regions. The largest number of participants was in the age groups of 65-69 years for men and 60-64 years for women. There were differences in body mass index, educational attainment, alcohol consumption, smoking, and sleep duration between men and women. CONCLUSIONS: The J-MICC Study collected lifestyle and clinical data and biospecimens from over 90,000 participants. This cohort is expected to be a valuable resource for the national and international scientific community in providing evidence to support longer healthy lives.

10.
Vaccines (Basel) ; 8(3)2020 Jul 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32751198

RESUMO

Organized human papillomavirus vaccination (OHPV) in Japan was introduced in 2010 for girls aged 12-16 years who were born in 1994 or later. The rate of OHPV coverage was 70-80%. However, after suspension of the government vaccination recommendation, the coverage dramatically decreased. We aim to investigate the change in prevalence of HPV infection after the initiation of HPV vaccination. We recruited females aged 20-21 years attending public cervical cancer screening from 2014 to 2017 fiscal years (April 2014 to March 2018). Residual Pap test specimens were collected for HPV testing. We compared the prevalence of HPV type-specific infection between women registered in 2014 (born in 1993-1994, including the pre-OHPV generation) and registered in 2015-2017 (born in 1994-1997, the OHPV generation). We collected 2379 specimens. The vaccination coverage figures were 30.7%, 86.6%, 88.4% and 93.7% (p < 0.01) from 2014 to 2017, respectively. The prevalence of HPV16/18 infection significantly decreased from 1.3% in 2014 to 0% in 2017 (p = 0.02). The three most prevalent types were HPV52, 16 and 56 in 2014, and HPV52, 58 and 56 in 2015-2017, respectively. HPV16 and 33 infection rates decreased. On the other hand, the HPV58 infection rate was obviously increased after OHPV from 0.3% to 2.1%. Our study demonstrates that the prevalence of HPV16/18 infection dramatically decreased and the profile of type-specific HPV infection was changed after OHPV.

11.
Vaccines (Basel) ; 8(3)2020 Jul 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32640691

RESUMO

: The Japanese government suspended proactive recommendations for the HPV vaccine in June 2013. The suspension is now in its seventh year, despite all the data pointing to the safety of the HPV vaccine. We reported a high vaccine effectiveness in the group of women vaccinated before their first intercourse (93.9%). The prevalence of cross-protected types of HPV 31/45/52 was also lower in the vaccinated group, and the vaccine effectiveness was 67.7%. Furthermore, prevalence of HPV16, 31 and 52 infection rates in the vaccinated group were obviously lower than that in the unvaccinated group, and no one had HPV18 or 45 infection in the vaccinated group. The addition of a cross-protective effect toward HPV types 31/45/52 to HPV types 16/18, which is the direct target of the bivalent HPV vaccine, may possibly prevent around 82% of invasive cervical cancer cases in Japan. With regard to the preventive effect of histological abnormalities, we also reported significant reduction in incidence of cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN)3 or worse. Thus, the efficacy of the vaccine has been demonstrated for precancerous disease, and the diverse symptoms after HPV vaccination are likely functional somatic. For the future of Japanese girls, there is a need to resume the proactive recommendation of HPV vaccination and for immediate action to be taken by the Japanese government.

12.
Mitochondrion ; 53: 234-242, 2020 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32565400

RESUMO

Mitochondrial haplogroups F, A, and M7a are associated with increased risks of lifestyle diseases, while haplogroups N9 and D are associated with decreased risks of lifestyle diseases or with longevity. The current study determined the existence of interactions between 5 selected haplogroups and physical activity (PA) on total and high-molecular-weight (HMW) adiponectin in 3,994 men and 6,014 women. The interactions between haplogroups (M7a/D) and PA on adiponectin were significant in men (total and HMW: P-interaction = 0.041 and 0.011). The positive association of PA with adiponectin in men carrying haplogroup M7a is attenuated in comparison to men carrying haplogroup D.

13.
Nutrients ; 12(6)2020 May 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32486113

RESUMO

The association between dietary acid load and metabolic syndrome (MetS) has not been fully investigated. A cross-sectional study was performed on 14,042 men and 14,105 women (aged 35-69 years) who participated in a baseline survey of the Japan Multi-Institutional Collaborative Cohort study. Dietary acid load was assessed using the net-endogenous-acid-production (NEAP) score that is closely correlated with the rate of renal net acid excretion. MetS was diagnosed according to the Joint Interim Statement Criteria of 2009 using body-mass index instead of waist circumference. After adjusting for potential confounders, higher NEAP scores were associated with a significantly increased odds ratio (OR) of MetS, obesity, high blood pressure, and high fasting blood glucose. These associations remained significant after further adjustment for carbohydrate intake or two nutrient-pattern scores significantly associated with MetS. After adjustment for fiber, iron, potassium, and vitamin pattern scores, the OR of MetS for the highest quartile of NEAP scores, relative to the lowest quartile, was 1.25 (95% confidence interval 1.12-1.39). There was no significant interaction between sex, age, or body-mass index and NEAP. Higher dietary acid load was associated with a higher prevalence of MetS and several of its components, independently of carbohydrate intake or nutrient patterns.

14.
J Lipid Res ; 61(1): 86-94, 2020 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31694877

RESUMO

Few studies have investigated the interactions between HDL-C-related SNPs identified by genome-wide association (GWA) study and physical activity (PA) on HDL-C. First, we conducted a sex-stratified GWA study in a discovery sample (2,231 men and 2,431 women) and replication sample (2,599 men and 3,109 women) to identify SNPs influencing log-transformed HDL-C in Japanese participants in the baseline survey of the Japan Multi-Institutional Collaborative Cohort Study. We also replicated previously reported HDL-C-related SNPs in a combined (discovery plus replication) sample (4,830 men and 5,540 women). We then analyzed the interactions of the HDL-C-related SNPs with PA on HDL-C. The sex-stratified GWA analyses identified 11 and 10 HDL-C-related SNPs in men and women as targets for an interaction analysis. Among these, only one interaction of ABCA1 rs1883025 with PA was statistically significant in men, after Bonferroni correction [P-interaction = 0.001 (α = 0.05/21 = 0.002)]. The per-major-allele (C allele) increase in log-transformed HDL-C was lost in men with low PA (ß = 0.008) compared with those with medium (ß = 0.032) or high PA (ß = 0.034). These findings suggest that the benefit of carrying a C allele of ABCA1 rs1883025 on enhancing HDL-C may be attenuated in inactive men.

15.
J Hum Hypertens ; 34(2): 125-131, 2020 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31481698

RESUMO

The aim of this study is to show the combined effect of weight gain within normal weight range in adulthood and parental HT on the prevalence of HT. The study subjects were 44,998 individuals (19,039 men and 25,959 women) with normal weight (body mass index [BMI] 18.5-24.9) aged 35-69 years who participated in the Japan Multi-Institutional Collaborative Cohort (J-MICC) Study. They were categorized into six groups by weight gain from age 20 years (<10 kg, and ≥10 kg) and by the number of parents having HT (no parent, one parent, and both parents). Odds ratios for HT were estimated after adjustment for age, sex, current BMI, estimated daily sodium intake, and other confounding factors. The prevalence of HT (31.5% in total subjects) gradually increased with greater weight gain from age 20 years and with greater number of parents with HT. Subjects who gained weight ≥10 kg and having both parents with HT showed the highest risk of having HT compared with those who gained weight <10 kg without parental HT (59.8% vs. 24.9%, odds ratio 4.25, 95% CI 3.53-5.13 after adjustment). This association was similarly observed in any category of age, sex, and BMI. Subjects who gained weight within normal range of BMI and having one or both parent(s) with HT showed the higher risk of having HT independent of their attained BMI in their middle ages. Thus, subjects having parent(s) with HT should avoid gaining their weight during adulthood, even within normal range of BMI, to reduce the risk of having HT.

16.
J Epidemiol ; 2019 Dec 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31839644

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: While duodenal ulcer (DU) and gastric cancer (GC) are both H. pylori infection-related diseases, individuals with DU are known to have lower risk for GC. Many epidemiological studies have identified the PSCA rs2294008 T-allele as a risk factor of GC, while others have found an association between the rs2294008 C-allele and risk of DU and gastric ulcer (GU). Following these initial reports, however, few studies have since validated these associations. Here, we aimed to validate the association between variations in PSCA and the risk of DU/GU and evaluate its interaction with environmental factors in a Japanese population. METHODS: PSCA six SNPs were genotyped in 584 DU cases, 925 GU cases, and 8,105 controls from the Japan Multi-Institutional Collaborative Cohort (J-MICC). Unconditional logistic regression models were applied to estimate odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) for association between the SNPs and risk of DU/GU. RESULTS: PSCA rs2294008 C-allele was associated with per allele OR of 1.34 (95% CI, 1.18-1.51; P=2.28×10-6) for the risk of DU. This association was independent of age, sex, study site, smoking habit, drinking habit and H. pylori status. On the other hand, we did not observe an association between the risk of GU and PSCA SNPs. CONCLUSIONS: Our study confirms an association between the PSCA rs2294008 C-allele and the risk of DU in a Japanese population.

17.
Ann Rheum Dis ; 78(10): 1430-1437, 2019 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31289104

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The first ever genome-wide association study (GWAS) of clinically defined gout cases and asymptomatic hyperuricaemia (AHUA) controls was performed to identify novel gout loci that aggravate AHUA into gout. METHODS: We carried out a GWAS of 945 clinically defined gout cases and 1003 AHUA controls followed by 2 replication studies. In total, 2860 gout cases and 3149 AHUA controls (all Japanese men) were analysed. We also compared the ORs for each locus in the present GWAS (gout vs AHUA) with those in the previous GWAS (gout vs normouricaemia). RESULTS: This new approach enabled us to identify two novel gout loci (rs7927466 of CNTN5 and rs9952962 of MIR302F) and one suggestive locus (rs12980365 of ZNF724) at the genome-wide significance level (p<5.0×10- 8). The present study also identified the loci of ABCG2, ALDH2 and SLC2A9. One of them, rs671 of ALDH2, was identified as a gout locus by GWAS for the first time. Comparing ORs for each locus in the present versus the previous GWAS revealed three 'gout vs AHUA GWAS'-specific loci (CNTN5, MIR302F and ZNF724) to be clearly associated with mechanisms of gout development which distinctly differ from the known gout risk loci that basically elevate serum uric acid level. CONCLUSIONS: This meta-analysis is the first to reveal the loci associated with crystal-induced inflammation, the last step in gout development that aggravates AHUA into gout. Our findings should help to elucidate the molecular mechanisms of gout development and assist the prevention of gout attacks in high-risk AHUA individuals.


Assuntos
Contactinas/genética , Gota/genética , Hiperuricemia/genética , MicroRNAs/genética , Dedos de Zinco/genética , Membro 2 da Subfamília G de Transportadores de Cassetes de Ligação de ATP/genética , Adulto , Aldeído-Desidrogenase Mitocondrial/genética , Doenças Assintomáticas , Loci Gênicos/genética , Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla , Técnicas de Genotipagem , Proteínas Facilitadoras de Transporte de Glucose/genética , Gota/sangue , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Proteínas de Neoplasias/genética , Fatores de Risco , Ácido Úrico/sangue
18.
Int J Sports Med ; 40(10): 670-677, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31342477

RESUMO

Apoptosis-associated, speck-like protein containing a caspase recruitment domain (ASC) plays an important role in inflammatory cytokine synthesis in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs), and the expression of ASC is suppressed by increased methylation of its CpG sites. The current study investigated the longitudinal association of replacing sedentary time with light-intensity physical activity (LPA) or moderate to vigorous-intensity physical activity (MVPA) on the ASC methylation in middle-aged people. We investigated 1 238 individuals who participated in baseline and 5-year follow-up surveys of a population-based cohort study. Sedentary, LPA and MVPA time were objectively measured using accelerometers. ASC methylation in PBMCs was measured by pyrosequencing. Using a multiple linear regression and employing an isotemporal substitution model, the longitudinal associations of changes in the sedentary time, LPA and MVPA on the changes in the ASC methylation were analyzed after adjusting for potential confounders. Substituting 60 min per day of LPA for sedentary time was associated with 1.17 times (95% confidence interval 1.07, 1.27) higher ASC methylation levels (mean of 7 CpG sites, P<0.001). However, such effects were not seen for MVPA. These results suggest that substituting LPA for sedentary time may be linked with increased (favorable) ASC methylation as a potential biomarker of systemic inflammation.


Assuntos
Proteínas Adaptadoras de Sinalização CARD/química , Metilação de DNA , Exercício Físico , Acelerometria , Idoso , Antropometria , Estudos de Coortes , Ilhas de CpG , Citocinas/sangue , Feminino , Monitores de Aptidão Física , Humanos , Leucócitos Mononucleares , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Comportamento Sedentário
19.
Hypertens Res ; 42(11): 1738-1744, 2019 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31182862

RESUMO

The total cerebral small vessel disease (SVD) score is a proposed comprehensive index of SVD severity in the brain. However, data on lifestyle-related risk factors affecting SVD scores are limited. We conducted a cross-sectional study with 858 neurologically healthy adults who underwent brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Information on clinical and lifestyle-related risk factors was obtained from health screenings. The SVD score (0-4) was calculated from the presence of lacunes, cerebral microbleeds, moderate to severe white matter lesions, and basal ganglia perivascular spaces on MRI. Subjects were divided into two groups by SVD score; potential risk factors and their joint effects in the two groups were assessed by logistic regression. Biologic interactions were estimated using the synergy index. After adjustment for possible confounders, the adjusted odds ratio for moderate to severe SVD scores (SVD score ≥ 2) was 1.12 (95% confidence interval (CI) 1.08-1.16) for age per year, 1.33 (95% CI 1.02-1.74) for body mass index per standard deviation, 3.39 (95% CI 1.90-6.03) for hypertension, 2.31 (95% CI 1.14-4.69) for diabetes, and 2.35 (95% CI 1.10-5.02) for smoking. Hypertension and current smoking had a synergistic effect on the risk of moderate to severe SVD (OR 10.59, 95% CI 3.97-28.3; synergy index 4.03, 95% CI 1.17-28.30), and the combination of hypertension and diabetes had an additive effect on the risk of moderate to severe SVD (OR 9.48, 95% CI 3.80-23.66; synergy index 2.12, 95% CI 0.68-6.67). Therefore, combined strategies for managing hypertension, smoking, and diabetes may be effective for preventing SVD.


Assuntos
Doenças de Pequenos Vasos Cerebrais/diagnóstico por imagem , Hipertensão/diagnóstico por imagem , Fumar/efeitos adversos , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Doenças de Pequenos Vasos Cerebrais/etiologia , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Hipertensão/complicações , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Índice de Gravidade de Doença
20.
Nutrients ; 11(5)2019 Apr 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31052301

RESUMO

: The association between nutrient patterns and metabolic syndrome (MetS) has not been examined in a Japanese population. A cross-sectional study was performed on 30,108 participants (aged 35-69 years) in the baseline survey of the Japan Multi-Institutional Collaborative Cohort Study. Dietary intake was assessed using a 46-item food frequency questionnaire. MetS was diagnosed according to the Joint Interim Statement Criteria of 2009, using body mass index instead of waist circumference. Factor analysis was applied to energy-adjusted intake of 21 nutrients, and three nutrient patterns were extracted: Factor 1 (fiber, potassium and vitamins pattern); Factor 2 (fats and fat-soluble vitamins pattern); and Factor 3 (saturated fatty acids, calcium and vitamin B2 pattern). In multiple logistic regression analysis adjusted for sex, age, and other potential confounders, Factor 1 scores were associated with a significantly reduced odds ratio (OR) of MetS and all five components. Factor 2 scores were associated with significantly increased prevalence of MetS, obesity, and high blood pressure. Factor 3 scores were significantly associated with lower OR of MetS, high blood pressure, high serum triglycerides and low HDL cholesterol levels. Analysis of nutrient patterns may be useful to assess the overall quality of diet and its association with MetS.


Assuntos
Dieta/estatística & dados numéricos , Síndrome Metabólica/epidemiologia , Nutrientes/administração & dosagem , Nutrientes/classificação , Adulto , Idoso , Cálcio na Dieta/administração & dosagem , Cálcio na Dieta/metabolismo , Estudos de Coortes , Estudos Transversais , Inquéritos sobre Dietas , Gorduras na Dieta/administração & dosagem , Gorduras na Dieta/metabolismo , Fibras na Dieta/administração & dosagem , Fibras na Dieta/metabolismo , Ingestão de Energia , Análise Fatorial , Feminino , Humanos , Japão/epidemiologia , Masculino , Síndrome Metabólica/prevenção & controle , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estado Nutricional , Prevalência , Vitaminas/administração & dosagem , Vitaminas/metabolismo
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