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2.
Plast Reconstr Surg Glob Open ; 9(10): e3851, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34703713

RESUMO

Background: A variety of complications after injection of nonpermanent fillers for facial rejuvenation have been reported so far. However, to date, the overall complication rate is still a matter of debate. The aim of this study was to perform a systematic review of literature to assess the type and severity of associated complications following injections in different anatomical regions of the face. Methods: The entire PubMed/Medline database was screened to identify case reports and clinical studies describing complications that have occurred after injection of nonpermanent fillers in the face. These complications have been reviewed and analyzed according to their occurrence in different anatomical regions of the face. Results: Forty-six articles including a total of 164 patients reported on a total of 436 complications during the time period between January 2003 and February 2020. The majority of the complications were reported after injections to the nose and the nasolabial fold (n = 230), the forehead and the eyebrows (n = 53), and the glabellar region (n = 36). Out of 436 complications, 163 have been classified as severe or permanent including skin necrosis (n = 46), loss of vision (n = 35), or encephalitis (n = 1), whereas 273 complications were classified as mild or transient, such as local edema (n = 74), skin erythema (n = 69), and filler migration (n = 2). The most severe complications were observed in treatments of nose, glabella, and forehead. Conclusions: Nonpermanent facial fillers are associated with rare but potentially severe complications. Severity and impact of complications depend on the anatomical region of the face and eventually require profound knowledge of facial anatomy.

3.
Ann Surg Oncol ; 2021 Oct 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34647202

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Recent data suggest that margins ≥2 mm after breast-conserving surgery may improve local control in invasive breast cancer (BC). By allowing large resection volumes, oncoplastic breast-conserving surgery (OBCII; Clough level II/Tübingen 5-6) may achieve better local control than conventional breast conserving surgery (BCS; Tübingen 1-2) or oncoplastic breast conservation with low resection volumes (OBCI; Clough level I/Tübingen 3-4). METHODS: Data from consecutive high-risk BC patients treated in 15 centers from the Oncoplastic Breast Consortium (OPBC) network, between January 2010 and December 2013, were retrospectively reviewed. RESULTS: A total of 3,177 women were included, 30% of whom were treated with OBC (OBCI n = 663; OBCII n = 297). The BCS/OBCI group had significantly smaller tumors and smaller resection margins compared with OBCII (pT1: 50% vs. 37%, p = 0.002; proportion with margin <1 mm: 17% vs. 6%, p < 0.001). There were significantly more re-excisions due to R1 ("ink on tumor") in the BCS/OBCI compared with the OBCII group (11% vs. 7%, p = 0.049). Univariate and multivariable regression analysis adjusted for tumor biology, tumor size, radiotherapy, and systemic treatment demonstrated no differences in local, regional, or distant recurrence-free or overall survival between the two groups. CONCLUSIONS: Large resection volumes in oncoplastic surgery increases the distance from cancer cells to the margin of the specimen and reduces reexcision rates significantly. With OBCII larger tumors are resected with similar local, regional and distant recurrence-free as well as overall survival rates as BCS/OBCI.

4.
BMJ Open ; 11(9): e045239, 2021 09 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34475143

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The emphasis on aesthetic outcomes and quality of life (QoL) has motivated surgeons to develop skin-sparing or nipple-sparing mastectomy (SSM/ NSM) for breast cancer treatment or prevention. During the same operation, a so-called immediate breast reconstruction is performed. The breast can be reconstructed by positioning of a breast implant above (prepectoral) or below (subpectoral) the pectoralis major muscle or by using the patients' own tissue (autologous reconstruction). The optimal positioning of the implant prepectoral or subpectoral is currently not clear. Subpectoral implant-based breast reconstruction (IBBR) is still standard care in many countries, but prepectoral IBBR is increasingly performed. This heterogeneity in breast reconstruction practice is calling for randomised clinical trials (RCTs) to guide treatment decisions. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: International, pragmatic, multicentre, randomised, superiority trial. The primary objective of this trial is to test whether prepectoral IBBR provides better QoL with respect to long-term (24 months) physical well-being (chest) compared with subpectoral IBBR for patients undergoing SSM or NSM for prevention or treatment of breast cancer. Secondary objectives will compare prepectoral versus subpectoral IBBR in terms of safety, QoL and patient satisfaction, aesthetic outcomes and burden on patients. Total number of patients to be included: 372 (186 per arm). ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: This study will be conducted in compliance with the Declaration of Helsinki. Ethical approval has been obtained for the lead investigator's site by the Ethics Committee 'Ethikkommission Nordwest- und Zentralschweiz' (2020-00256, 26 March 2020). The results of this study will be published in a peer-reviewed medical journal, independent of the results, following the Consolidated Standards of Reporting Trials standards for RCTs and good publication practice. Metadata describing the type, size and content of the datasets will be shared along with the study protocol and case report forms on public repositories adhering to the FAIR (Findability, Accessibility, Interoperability, and Reuse) principles. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: NCT04293146.


Assuntos
Implante Mamário , Implantes de Mama , Neoplasias da Mama , Mamoplastia , Neoplasias da Mama/cirurgia , Feminino , Humanos , Mastectomia , Mamilos/cirurgia
6.
Handchir Mikrochir Plast Chir ; 53(6): 519-525, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33951736

RESUMO

Deep sternal wound infection (TSWI) is a potentially life-threatening complication that may occur after median sternotomy, contributing to prolonged hospital stay and increased health care costs. Bacterial infection is often characterized by biofilm formation on implant material and/or dead bone. Diagnosis is made upon clinical signs and symptoms of local and systemic infection. Early multidisciplinary decision making is needed for optimal patient care. Repeated surgical wound debridements accompanied by wound conditioning are performed until clean circumstances are achieved. Thereafter, wound closure and defect reconstruction are obtained using a variety of pedicled and microvascular flaps.

7.
J Funct Biomater ; 12(2)2021 Apr 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33923488

RESUMO

Human adipose stem cells (hASCs) are promising candidates for cell-based therapies, but they need to be efficiently expanded in vitro as they cannot be harvested in sufficient quantities. Recently, dynamic bioreactor systems operated with microcarriers achieved considerable high cell densities. Thus, they are a viable alternative to static planar cultivation systems to obtain high numbers of clinical-grade hASCs. Nevertheless, the production of considerable biomass in a short time must not be achieved to the detriment of the cells' quality. To facilitate the scalable expansion of hASC, we have developed a new serum- and xeno-free medium (UrSuppe) and a biodegradable microcarrier (BR44). In this study, we investigated whether the culture of hASCs in defined serum-free conditions on microcarriers (3D) or on planar (2D) cell culture vessels may influence the expression of some marker genes linked with the immature degree or the differentiated status of the cells. Furthermore, we investigated whether the biomaterials, which form our biodegradable MCs, may affect cell behavior and differentiation. The results confirmed that the quality and the undifferentiated status of the hASCs are very well preserved when they grow on BR44 MCs in defined serum-free conditions. Indeed, the ASCs showed a gene expression profile more compatible with an undifferentiated status than the same cells grown under standard planar conditions.

8.
Cells ; 10(2)2021 02 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33671568

RESUMO

Adipose tissue is an abundant source of stem cells. However, liposuction cannot yield cell quantities sufficient for direct applications in regenerative medicine. Therefore, the development of GMP-compliant ex vivo expansion protocols is required to ensure the production of a "cell drug" that is safe, reproducible, and cost-effective. Thus, we developed our own basal defined xeno- and serum-free cell culture medium (UrSuppe), specifically formulated to grow human adipose stem cells (hASCs). With this medium, we can directly culture the stromal vascular fraction (SVF) cells in defined cell culture conditions to obtain hASCs. Cells proliferate while remaining undifferentiated, as shown by Flow Cytometry (FACS), Quantitative Reverse Transcription PCR (RT-qPCR) assays, and their secretion products. Using the UrSuppe cell culture medium, maximum cell densities between 0.51 and 0.80 × 105 cells/cm2 (=2.55-4.00 × 105 cells/mL) were obtained. As the expansion of hASCs represents only the first step in a cell therapeutic protocol or further basic research studies, we formulated two chemically defined media to differentiate the expanded hASCs in white or beige/brown adipocytes. These new media could help translate research projects into the clinical application of hASCs and study ex vivo the biology in healthy and dysfunctional states of adipocytes and their precursors. Following the cell culture system developers' practice and obvious reasons related to the formulas' patentability, the defined media's composition will not be disclosed in this study.


Assuntos
Tecido Adiposo/metabolismo , Técnicas de Cultura de Células/métodos , Células-Tronco/metabolismo , Tecido Adiposo/citologia , Humanos , Células-Tronco/citologia
9.
Oncologist ; 26(1): e66-e77, 2021 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33044007

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The rapid spread of COVID-19 across the globe is forcing surgical oncologists to change their daily practice. We sought to evaluate how breast surgeons are adapting their surgical activity to limit viral spread and spare hospital resources. METHODS: A panel of 12 breast surgeons from the most affected regions of the world convened a virtual meeting on April 7, 2020, to discuss the changes in their local surgical practice during the COVID-19 pandemic. Similarly, a Web-based poll based was created to evaluate changes in surgical practice among breast surgeons from several countries. RESULTS: The virtual meeting showed that distinct countries and regions were experiencing different phases of the pandemic. Surgical priority was given to patients with aggressive disease not candidate for primary systemic therapy, those with progressive disease under neoadjuvant systemic therapy, and patients who have finished neoadjuvant therapy. One hundred breast surgeons filled out the poll. The trend showed reductions in operating room schedules, indications for surgery, and consultations, with an increasingly restrictive approach to elective surgery with worsening of the pandemic. CONCLUSION: The COVID-19 emergency should not compromise treatment of a potentially lethal disease such as breast cancer. Our results reveal that physicians are instinctively reluctant to abandon conventional standards of care when possible. However, as the situation deteriorates, alternative strategies of de-escalation are being adopted. IMPLICATIONS FOR PRACTICE: This study aimed to characterize how the COVID-19 pandemic is affecting breast cancer surgery and which strategies are being adopted to cope with the situation.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/terapia , COVID-19/prevenção & controle , Mastectomia/tendências , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Padrões de Prática Médica/tendências , Agendamento de Consultas , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , COVID-19/epidemiologia , COVID-19/transmissão , COVID-19/virologia , Controle de Doenças Transmissíveis/organização & administração , Controle de Doenças Transmissíveis/normas , Progressão da Doença , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Eletivos/normas , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Eletivos/estatística & dados numéricos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Eletivos/tendências , Feminino , Carga Global da Doença , Alocação de Recursos para a Atenção à Saúde/normas , Alocação de Recursos para a Atenção à Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Alocação de Recursos para a Atenção à Saúde/tendências , Humanos , Mastectomia/economia , Mastectomia/normas , Mastectomia/estatística & dados numéricos , Terapia Neoadjuvante/estatística & dados numéricos , Salas Cirúrgicas/economia , Salas Cirúrgicas/estatística & dados numéricos , Salas Cirúrgicas/tendências , Seleção de Pacientes , Admissão e Escalonamento de Pessoal/economia , Admissão e Escalonamento de Pessoal/estatística & dados numéricos , Admissão e Escalonamento de Pessoal/tendências , Padrões de Prática Médica/economia , Padrões de Prática Médica/organização & administração , Padrões de Prática Médica/estatística & dados numéricos , Encaminhamento e Consulta/estatística & dados numéricos , Encaminhamento e Consulta/tendências , SARS-CoV-2/patogenicidade , Cirurgiões/estatística & dados numéricos , Inquéritos e Questionários/estatística & dados numéricos , Tempo para o Tratamento
10.
Biomedicines ; 10(1)2021 Dec 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35052704

RESUMO

Fat grafting is a frequently applied procedure in plastic surgery for volume reconstruction. Moreover, the transplantation of white adipose tissue (WAT) and brown adipose tissue (BAT) increasingly gains interest in preclinical research for the treatment of obesity-related metabolic defects. Therefore, we herein directly compared the vascularization capacity and survival of WAT and BAT grafts. For this purpose, size-matched grafts isolated from the inguinal WAT pad and the interscapular BAT depot of C57BL/6N donor mice were syngeneically transplanted into the dorsal skinfold chamber of recipient animals. The vascularization and survival of the grafts were analyzed by means of intravital fluorescence microscopy, histology, and immunohistochemistry over an observation period of 14 days. WAT grafts showed an identical microvascular architecture and functional microvessel density as native WAT. In contrast, BAT grafts developed an erratic microvasculature with a significantly lower functional microvessel density when compared to native BAT. Accordingly, they also contained a markedly lower number of CD31-positive microvessels, which was associated with a massive loss of perilipin-positive adipocytes. These findings indicate that in contrast to WAT grafts, BAT grafts exhibit an impaired vascularization capacity and survival, which may be due to their higher metabolic demand. Hence, future studies should focus on the establishment of strategies to improve the engraftment of transplanted BAT.

11.
PLoS One ; 15(10): e0239517, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33021999

RESUMO

Vascularized lymph node (VLN) transfer is an emerging strategy to re-establish lymphatic drainage in chronic lymphedema. However, the biological processes underlying lymph node integration remain elusive. This study introduces an experimental approach facilitating the analysis of short-term molecular and cellular effects of ischemia/reperfusion on VLN flaps. Lymph node flaps were dissected pedicled on the lateral thoracic vessels in 44 Lewis rats. VLN flaps were exposed to 45 or 120 minutes ischemia by in situ clamping of the vascular pedicle with subsequent reperfusion for 24 hours. Flaps not exposed to ischemia/reperfusion served as controls. Lymph nodes and the perinodal adipose tissue were separately analyzed by Western blot for the expression of lymphangiogenic and angiogenic growth factors. Moreover, morphology, microvessel density, proliferation, apoptosis and immune cell infiltration of VLN flaps were further assessed by histology and immunohistochemistry. Ischemia for 120 minutes was associated with a markedly reduced cellularity of lymph nodes but not of the perinodal adipose tissue. In line with this, ischemic lymph nodes exhibited a significantly lower microvessel density and an increased expression of VEGF-D and VEGF-A. However, VEGF-C expression was not upregulated. In contrast, analyses of the perinodal adipose tissue revealed a more subtle decrease of microvessel density, while only the expression of VEGF-D was increased. Moreover, after 120 minutes ischemia, lymph nodes but not the perinodal adipose tissue exhibited significantly higher numbers of proliferating and apoptotic cells as well as infiltrated macrophages and neutrophilic granulocytes compared with non-ischemic flaps. Taken together, lymph nodes of VLN flaps are highly susceptible to ischemia/reperfusion injury. In contrast, the perinodal adipose tissue is less prone to ischemia/reperfusion injury.


Assuntos
Linfonodos/irrigação sanguínea , Linfonodos/cirurgia , Traumatismo por Reperfusão/patologia , Traumatismo por Reperfusão/fisiopatologia , Retalhos Cirúrgicos , Animais , Apoptose , Linfonodos/citologia , Microvasos/fisiopatologia , Estresse Oxidativo , Ratos , Traumatismo por Reperfusão/imunologia , Traumatismo por Reperfusão/cirurgia
12.
Bioengineering (Basel) ; 7(3)2020 Jul 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32698363

RESUMO

Human Adipose Tissue Stem Cells (hASCs) are a valuable source of cells for clinical applications (e.g., treatment of acute myocardial infarction and inflammatory diseases), especially in the field of regenerative medicine. However, for autologous (patient-specific) and allogeneic (off-the-shelf) hASC-based therapies, in-vitro expansion is necessary prior to the clinical application in order to achieve the required cell numbers. Safe, reproducible and economic in-vitro expansion of hASCs for autologous therapies is more problematic because the cell material changes for each treatment. Moreover, cell material is normally isolated from non-healthy or older patients, which further complicates successful in-vitro expansion. Hence, the goal of this study was to perform cell expansion studies with hASCs isolated from two different patients/donors (i.e., different ages and health statuses) under xeno- and serum-free conditions in static, planar (2D) and dynamically mixed (3D) cultivation systems. Our primary aim was I) to compare donor variability under in-vitro conditions and II) to develop and establish an unstructured, segregated growth model as a proof-of-concept study. Maximum cell densities of between 0.49 and 0.65 × 105 hASCs/cm2 were achieved for both donors in 2D and 3D cultivation systems. Cell growth under static and dynamically mixed conditions was comparable, which demonstrated that hydrodynamic stresses (P/V = 0.63 W/m3, τnt = 4.96 × 10-3 Pa) acting at Ns1u (49 rpm for 10 g/L) did not negatively affect cell growth, even under serum-free conditions. However, donor-dependent differences in the cell size were found, which resulted in significantly different maximum cell densities for each of the two donors. In both cases, stemness was well maintained under static 2D and dynamic 3D conditions, as long as the cells were not hyperconfluent. The optimal point for cell harvesting was identified as between cell densities of 0.41 and 0.56 × 105 hASCs/cm2 (end of exponential growth phase). The growth model delivered reliable predictions for cell growth, substrate consumption and metabolite production in both types of cultivation systems. Therefore, the model can be used as a basis for future investigations in order to develop a robust MC-based hASC production process for autologous therapies.

13.
Handchir Mikrochir Plast Chir ; 52(6): 458-463, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32702767

RESUMO

In addition to outcome assessments, cost effectiveness of surgical treatments becomes increasingly important. Both, insurance companies and hospital administrations aim for short and efficient procedures to reduce costs.Microsurgical procedures are often surpassing traditional treatment options in terms of function and aesthetics. However, they are more expensive as they require a high level of surgical expertise, more theatre capacity and longer inpatient treatment. Adequate reimbursement is mandatory, if we want to continuously perform these procedures with the best possible quality and outcome. To cover the case-related expenses of each specialty, multidisciplinary procedures require appropriate distribution of reimbursements to each department.The main diagnosis as well as all complications and relevant comorbidities should be documented to obtain the correct DRG. The additional financial benefit of a microsurgical procedure in a multidisciplinary case can be calculated by specifying the procedural increment in pay. Therefore, a fair distribution of revenues to each participating department should be performed. Different models exist, which lead to a benefit in compensation for all departments. Unfortunately, distribution of resources is still insufficiently managed in many hospitals, which hampers high quality multidisciplinary microsurgical procedures. Still, picking the best possible procedure for our patients, independently of financial incentives, is of utmost importance.


Assuntos
Fatores Econômicos , Microcirurgia , Consenso , Análise Custo-Benefício , Humanos , Nervos Periféricos/cirurgia
15.
Spinal Cord ; 58(6): 667-674, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31911622

RESUMO

STUDY DESIGN: Interventional feasibility study. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate safety and effects of local heat preconditioning on skin physiology using water-filtered infrared-A radiation (wIRA) or warm water therapy (wWT) in individuals with spinal cord injury (SCI). SETTING: Acute and rehabilitation center, specialized in SCI. METHODS: A convenience sample of 15 individuals (3 women, 12 men) with complete paraplegia from thoracic levels ranging between T2 and T12 received local heat applications either with wIRA or wWT on the thigh (paralyzed area) and on the upper arm (non-paralyzed area). Local heat was applied during three 30-min cycles, each separated by 30 min rest; thus, the treatment lasted for 180 min. Temperature, blood perfusion, and skin redness were measured at baseline, before and after heat application and 24 h after the last application. RESULTS: Heat applications with wIRA and wWT were well-tolerated. No burns or any other side effects were detected. Skin temperature (p ≤ 0.008) and blood perfusion (p ≤ 0.013) significantly increased after heat application. Local skin temperature (arm p = 0.004/leg p < 0.001) and blood perfusion (arm p = 0.011/leg p = 0.001) after the first and the second application cycle, respectively, were significantly higher during heat application with wIRA than with wWT. However, skin redness did not change significantly (p = 0.1). No significant differences were observed between the paralyzed and non-paralyzed areas for all parameters immediately, as well as 24 h after the treatment. CONCLUSIONS: Although both heating methods have been confirmed as safe treatments in this study, further investigations with regard to their efficacy in the context of preconditioning are warranted. SPONSORSHIP: The use of the instruments Hydrosun® 750 Irradiator (Hydrosun Medizintechnik, Germany) and Hilotherm-Calido 6 (Hilotherm GmbH, Germany) was sponsored by the Dr. med. h. c. Erwin Braun Foundation and by Hilotherm GmbH, respectively.


Assuntos
Braço/fisiologia , Temperatura Alta , Paraplegia/fisiopatologia , Fluxo Sanguíneo Regional/fisiologia , Temperatura Cutânea/fisiologia , Traumatismos da Medula Espinal/fisiopatologia , Coxa da Perna/fisiopatologia , Adulto , Estudos de Viabilidade , Feminino , Temperatura Alta/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Raios Infravermelhos , Masculino , Reabilitação Neurológica/métodos , Paraplegia/etiologia , Traumatismos da Medula Espinal/complicações , Vértebras Torácicas , Água
16.
Burns ; 46(3): 675-681, 2020 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31645294

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The burn comb model is a well-established model for studying secondary burn progression. It creates four rectangular burn surfaces intercalated by three unburned zones prone to secondary burn progression. While burn progression is a tri-dimensional phenomenon, of which the vertical extension from the superficial to deeper tissue layer is clinically most relevant, the models initial focus was mainly on the horizontal surface extension within interspaces. The aim of this study is to evaluate the correlation between horizontal surface and vertical depth burn progression. METHODS: 24 large (400-450 g) Wistar male rats underwent standardized burn injuries using a burn comb. Laser Doppler flowmetry to assess perfusion, planimetric evaluation of burn progression within interspaces and histological analyses assessing burn depth were performed before burn induction (baseline; BL) and after 1 h, as well as after 1, 4, and 7 days. Histological burn depth was graded from superficial (1) to the subcutaneous layer (5). Furthermore, final scarring time and contracture rate were also assessed. RESULTS: The burn comb resulted in consistent and uniform superficial burns (mean ± SEM burn depth score: 2 ± 0; hour 1) separated by intact but critically perfused interspaces (63 ± 1% of BL; p < 0.05 vs. BL). Tissue damage significantly progressed to the deep dermis within the first day (burn depth score 4.3 ± 0.2; p < 0.05 vs. hour 1), while significant interspace necrosis at the surface did not develop within this time period (4 ± 3% of interspace necrosis; p n.s vs. hour 1). However, interspace necrosis was observed at day 4 (83 ± 3%; p < 0.05 vs. hour 1) and further progressed until day 7 (94 ± 2%; p < 0.05 vs. hour 1). CONCLUSION: This study shows the limits of the burn comb model originally described with a discrepancy between horizontal surface and vertical depth progression of the burn injury. We herein propose a necessary refinement of this model to adequately evaluate vertical depth progression using a histological score. This revisited approach focusing on assessment of depth progression of the burn will allow a better evaluation of experimental burn treatments in future.


Assuntos
Queimaduras/patologia , Cicatriz/patologia , Contratura/patologia , Pele/irrigação sanguínea , Animais , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Progressão da Doença , Fluxometria por Laser-Doppler , Masculino , Ratos , Ratos Wistar , Cicatrização
17.
Handchir Mikrochir Plast Chir ; 51(6): 418-423, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31698485

RESUMO

The profitability of medical treatment has gained increasing importance in health politics and likewise has become a considerable part of a microsurgeon's daily practice. The resulting cost pressure leads to microsurgeons having to justify their often complex and expensive treatments against hospital providers and health insurances. In this position paper of the German Speaking Group for Microsurgery of Peripheral Nerves and Vessels, we analyze the current status of profitability of microsurgical extremity and breast reconstruction, and its impact on choice of therapy and residency training. We specifically highlight the available literature, that shows often reduced long-term treatment costs after microsurgical reconstruction in comparison to cheaper initial treatments. The statements are based on a consensus workshop on the 40th meeting of the DAM in Lugano, Switzerland.


Assuntos
Microcirurgia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Reconstrutivos , Cirurgia Plástica , Internato e Residência , Mamoplastia/economia , Microcirurgia/economia , Microcirurgia/métodos , Nervos Periféricos/cirurgia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Reconstrutivos/economia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Reconstrutivos/métodos , Suíça
18.
Crit Rev Oncol Hematol ; 144: 102828, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31710955

RESUMO

Granular cell tumors are rare soft tissue tumors; they are almost never malignant, but can mimic a carcinoma clinically, radiologically and microscopically. The finding of a suspicious lump often entails subsequent diagnostic procedures that can pose significant anxiety on patients before reaching a challenging differential diagnosis. The physical and psychological burden is even more significant when such findings occur during the follow up of a previous oncologic condition. Sometimes the fear for a potential local or distant recurrence can be responsible for a misdiagnosis and lead to patient overtreatment.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , Tumor de Células Granulares , Mama , Carcinoma , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Feminino , Humanos , Pesquisa Interdisciplinar , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia
19.
Handchir Mikrochir Plast Chir ; 51(6): 424-433, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31067594

RESUMO

Secondary lymphedema is a complex and devastating disease including chronic inflammation and reduced immunofunction, lymphatic fluid and protein accumulation due to misdirected lymphatic transport, and secondary fat deposition followed by fibrosis. While the domain of treatment still is lifelong complex decongestive therapy, it is more and more widespread to treat the disease with a surgical focus on physiologic, reconstructive strategies or debulking surgery. Lymphovenous Anastomosis (LVA) and Vascularized lymph node transplantation (VLNT) are the mostly frequently applied, reconstructive techniques which address restoration or improvement of physiologic lymph clearance. The article summarizes and discusses the recommendations of an expert panel on the diagnostic, indication and therapy of LVA and VLNT in secondary lymphedema during the 40th Meeting of the Germanspeaking Society of Microsurgery in Lugano, Switzerland, 2018. The expert panel addressed the basic diagnostics prior to lymphoreconstructive surgery, including the inevitable application of Indocyanine Green (ICG) based fluorescence lymphangiography and navigation for both techniques including reverse mapping to reduce the rate of donor-site lymphedema for VLNT as well as the use of lymphedema-specific quality of life questionnaires. Both LVA and VLNT are elaborately described, including tips and tricks on identifying functional lymphatic collectors, equipment, types of anastomosis and documentation for LVA and choice of donor and recipient site, number of includable lymph nodes and management of specific donor sites, e. g. jejunal mesenteric for VLNT. The synchronous and sequential application of LVA, VLNT and/or ablative liposuction is discussed against the background of the effectivity and morbidity of both reconstructive, physiologic techniques. Finally, recommendations on post-operative treatment and diagnostics are discussed. The present consensus paper intends to improve the level of standardization for further multicenter studies in the germanspeaking countries in this aspiring field of lymphedema treatment.


Assuntos
Anastomose Cirúrgica , Vasos Linfáticos/cirurgia , Linfedema , Microcirurgia , Consenso , Humanos , Linfonodos , Linfedema/cirurgia , Qualidade de Vida , Suíça
20.
Plast Reconstr Surg ; 143(4): 1099-1107, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30921129

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Several methods to prepare the recipient site in fat grafting have been proposed in recent decades. However, to date, these procedures have never been reviewed exhaustively. The purpose of the present study is to provide a comprehensive overview of the different techniques to prepare the recipient site for fat grafting as they were investigated in preclinical studies, with resulting outcomes and underlying mechanisms of action. METHODS: The PubMed/MEDLINE database was queried to search for preclinical investigations on the preparation of the recipient site in fat grafting using the following algorithm: ((recipient site) AND (fat grafting) OR (lipofilling) OR (lipograft)). A priori criteria were applied to review the resulting articles. RESULTS: Thirteen animal studies met inclusion criteria. Overall, five techniques were identified: external volume expansion, implantation of alloplastic material (silicone sheets), administration of cell-proliferation factors (i.e., vascular endothelial growth factor, adipose tissue-derived stromal vascular fraction, and interleukin-8), ischemia, and microneedling. A positive effect on cellular activity (cell proliferation and angiogenesis) was demonstrated by all studies and achieved with all techniques. Seven of the eight authors who examined this aspect reported enhancement of fat graft survival. CONCLUSIONS: Improvement of fat grafting surgical outcomes is documented preclinically using different recipient-site preparation techniques, particularly through enhancement of vascularization and soft-tissue expansion. This understanding will lead to further clinical research, especially for those cases where improvement of the recipient site is recommended, such as contracted scars or preirradiated tissues.


Assuntos
Tecido Adiposo/transplante , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Reconstrutivos/métodos , Animais , Proliferação de Células/fisiologia , Sobrevivência de Enxerto , Humanos , Neovascularização Fisiológica/fisiologia , Expansão de Tecido/métodos , Fatores de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/administração & dosagem
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