Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 13 de 13
Filtrar
Mais filtros










Base de dados
Intervalo de ano de publicação
1.
Int J Clin Exp Pathol ; 6(6): 1112-20, 2013.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23696929

RESUMO

Breast cancer is the most common cancer affecting women worldwide including Thailand. Whole transcription profiles of invasive ductal breast carcinoma (IDC) obtained by oligonucleotide microarray should lead to a better understanding of the molecular basis of IDCs, allow for examination of specific markers for diagnosis, and provide novel targets for therapy. This study aimed to detect the whole transcript expression of approximately 35,000 target genes in Thai breast cancer patients, using Affymetrix GeneChip(®) Exon 1.0 Sense Target Arrays. Analysis revealed that the differential expression profiles of 928 genes (423 up-regulated and 505 down-regulated genes) were 2-fold or greater (unpaired t-test, p < 0.05) in invasive ductal breast cancer, compared with normal tissues. The Gene Ontology (GO) databases support important associations in 17 gene sets with p-value < 1E-10 and ≥ 4-fold changes, involving the tumorigenic pathways of cell cycles, extracellular regions, as well as cellular component organization. Likewise, the TGFBR and IL-6 pathways contain gene expression with statistically significant changes in IDC.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Neoplasias da Mama/genética , Carcinoma Ductal de Mama/genética , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Testes Genéticos/métodos , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Carcinoma Ductal de Mama/patologia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Feminino , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica/métodos , Redes Reguladoras de Genes , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Invasividade Neoplásica , Análise de Sequência com Séries de Oligonucleotídeos , Fenótipo , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Prognóstico , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
2.
J Mol Neurosci ; 49(3): 544-9, 2013 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22740151

RESUMO

The nicotine in cigarette smoke can stimulate the dopaminergic reward pathways. The catechol O-methyltransferase gene (COMT) and dopamine receptor 2 gene (DRD2) are dopamine-related genes. Genetic polymorphisms in these two genes are potential candidates in determining an individual's predisposition to cigarette smoking. The purposes of this study were to examine the association between two polymorphisms in COMT Val (108/158) Met and DRD2 Taq1B and anthropometric-biochemical parameters and to ascertain the association between these polymorphisms and cigarette smoking. The levels of anthropometric-biochemical parameters were determined. COMT Val (108/158) Met and DRD2 Taq1B polymorphisms were genotyped by polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism technique. With regard to COMT Val (108/158) Met and DRD2 Taq1B polymorphisms, no differences were found in anthropometric-biochemical variables, except for thiocyanate concentration. Smoking status was significantly associated with COMT Val (108/158) Met polymorphism, but not associated with DRD2 Taq1B polymorphism. Logistic regression analysis showed that COMT Val (108/158) Met gene polymorphism, educational status, parental smoking, and alcohol consumption had statistically significant impacts on cigarette smoking. The results suggest that COMT Val (108/158) Met genetic polymorphisms, but not DRD2 Taq1B, may influence susceptibility to cigarette smoking among Thai males.


Assuntos
Catecol O-Metiltransferase/genética , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Receptores de Dopamina D2/genética , Fumar/genética , Adulto , Consumo de Bebidas Alcoólicas/genética , Substituição de Aminoácidos , Antropometria , Catecol O-Metiltransferase/fisiologia , Desoxirribonucleases de Sítio Específico do Tipo II , Escolaridade , Saúde da Família , Frequência do Gene , Predisposição Genética para Doença/genética , Genótipo , Humanos , Masculino , Estado Civil/estatística & dados numéricos , Polimorfismo de Fragmento de Restrição , Receptores de Dopamina D2/fisiologia , Recompensa , Fatores de Risco , Fumar/sangue , Fumar/epidemiologia , Tailândia/epidemiologia
3.
J Med Assoc Thai ; 95(5): 712-5, 2012 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22994033

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To compare the number of bacterial counts in tap water at first burst and running tap water. MATERIAL AND METHOD: The present study was performed in thirty-two first burst water samples and twenty-nine running tap water samples after two minutes, collected from an operation room at one standard hospital and analyzed for the mean, median, and 95% achieved confidence interval of CFU/ml. All water samples were cultured and investigated for total bacterial counts, which were expressed as colony forming unit per milliliter (CFU/ml). RESULTS: The bacterial count was statistically significantly about three times higher in the samples of the first burst tap water in comparison with the group of samples after letting the tap water run for two minutes 98.7, 78.5, 60.5-120.0 vs. 29.1, 25.8, 16.6-33.2 CFU/ml. CONCLUSION: Two minutes running tap water contains about three times less bacterial count than first burst tap water


Assuntos
Água Potável/microbiologia , Microbiologia da Água , Humanos , Salas Cirúrgicas , Células-Tronco
4.
Southeast Asian J Trop Med Public Health ; 42(6): 1515-20, 2011 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22299423

RESUMO

High vitamin A ingestion or high serum retinol have been postulated to increase the risk of fractures and osteoporosis by reduced bone mineral density (BMD). Retinol is carried and transported to the tissues bound to retinol binding protein 4 (RBP4) and transthyretin (TTR). The relationships between retinol, retinol transport protein, retinol binding protein 4 (RBP4) and transthyretin (TTR) and BMD and osteoporosis are unclear. To examine the association between retinol and RBP4 and TTR and osteoporosis, 73 osteoporotic and 71 normal Thai postmenopausal women were studied. RBP4 and retinol levels did not differ between the groups. Serum TTR was significantly higher in control than osteoporotic subjects (89.47 and 144.53 microg/ml, respectively, p = 0.003, Mann-Whitney U test). TTR was positively correlated with BMD at several sites, such as the total radius bone (r = 0.172, p = 0.008, Spearman rank test). Osteoporosis risk was analyzed with binary logistic regression. Lean elderly Thais with lower TTR levels had a higher risk of osteoporosis. RBP4 and retinol levels had no relationship with disease status among Thai post-menopausal women. These results suggest calcium, minerals, vitamins and the retinol transport protein, transthyretin may be involved in the pathogenesis of osteoporosis.


Assuntos
Osteoporose/sangue , Pós-Menopausa , Proteínas Plasmáticas de Ligação ao Retinol/metabolismo , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Ensaio de Imunoadsorção Enzimática , Feminino , Humanos , Modelos Logísticos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fatores de Risco , Estatísticas não Paramétricas , Tailândia
5.
Int J Vitam Nutr Res ; 80(3): 216-24, 2010 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21234863

RESUMO

The aims of this study were first to detect the levels of adiponectin, insulin, albumin, glucose, alanine aminotransferase (ALT), lipids, homeostasis model assessment for insulin resistance (HOMA-IR), and anthropometric variables in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) as well as healthy control groups, and to determine whether two adiponectin gene polymorphisms, at the position -11377C > G as well as +45T > G, are associated with serum levels of adiponectin and other variables; then to search for the association between these two single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of the adiponectin gene and T2DM. We investigated 93 T2DM patients and 90 healthy volunteers. Compared with the healthy control group, the T2DM group had significantly lower adiponectin levels. Waist circumference, total cholesterol, ALT, glucose, insulin, and HOMA-IR scores were significantly higher in the T2DM group than in the control group. The polymorphism of the adiponectin gene at position -11377C > G among type 2 diabetes subjects showed that the adiponectin concentration was significantly lower in CG/GG genotypes (6.2 µg/mL) than the CC genotype (7.8 µg/mL), whereas SNP +45T > G was not associated with adiponectin levels. Adiponectin gene polymorphisms at position -11377C > G and +45T > G were significantly more frequent in type 2 diabetes patients than in the control group (p = 0.022; p = 0.045, respectively). However, multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that the strong impact on T2DM was found for -11377C > G gene polymorphism (p = 0.023) and waist circumference (p < 0.001). Therefore, the single nucleotide polymorphism of -11377C > G in adiponectin promoter region has impact on the lower adiponectin concentrations, and may influence susceptibility to T2DM in Thais.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/sangue , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/genética , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Adiponectina/sangue , Adiponectina/genética , Idoso , Glicemia/análise , Índice de Massa Corporal , Feminino , Estudos de Associação Genética , Heterozigoto , Humanos , Insulina/sangue , Resistência à Insulina , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Regiões Promotoras Genéticas/genética , Tailândia , Circunferência da Cintura
6.
Int J Vitam Nutr Res ; 78(1): 9-15, 2008 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-18654948

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the relationships between leptin, soluble leptin receptor, lipid profiles, and LEPR gene polymorphisms in child and adolescent Thai subjects. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study of Thai children and adolescents. SUBJECTS: 116 male and 65 female at risk for overweight/overweight child and adolescent Thai subjects, and 33 male and 62 female healthy child and adolescent Thai subjects (age: 5-19 years). MEASUREMENTS: Leptin levels, soluble leptin receptor levels, lipid profiles, LEPR gene polymorphisms. RESULTS: Significantly higher levels of cholesterol, triglyceride, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), and leptin levels were observed in at risk for overweight/overweight group. On the other hand, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) and soluble leptin receptor levels were significantly lower in the same group. Serum soluble leptin receptor levels were significantly negatively correlated with leptin. The at risk for overweight/overweight subjects with the Lys656Lys homozygous wild type LEPR gene had significantly higher cholesterol and LDL-C levels than those with Lys656Asn heterozygous and Asn656Asn homozygous mutant type. In contrast, subjects with Lys656Lys homozygous wild type had significantly lower leptin levels than those with Lys656Asn heterozygous and Asn656Asn homozygous mutant type. There was a statistically significant association between body mass index (BMI) and hyperleptinemia (odds ratio; OR = 2.49, p = 0.000) and females had more increased risk of hyperleptinemia than males (OR = 15.74, p = 0.004) in adolescent Thai subjects. CONCLUSION: The present study is the first report of Lys656Asn polymorphism of the LEPR gene associated with cholesterol, LDL-C, and leptin levels in Thai children and adolescents. Serum leptin levels were significantly higher in the at risk for overweight/overweight. In contrast, there were significantly lower soluble leptin receptor levels in the same group. In addition, there was a statistically significant association between BMI, sex, and hyperleptinemia in adolescent Thai subjects.


Assuntos
Leptina/sangue , Lipídeos/sangue , Polimorfismo Genético/genética , Receptores para Leptina/sangue , Adolescente , Adulto , Índice de Massa Corporal , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Colesterol/sangue , Colesterol/genética , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Hiperlipidemias/genética , Leptina/genética , Lipídeos/genética , Masculino , Obesidade/sangue , Obesidade/genética , Razão de Chances , Sobrepeso/sangue , Sobrepeso/genética , Receptores para Leptina/genética , Fatores de Risco , Distribuição por Sexo , Tailândia
7.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-18041313

RESUMO

This cross-sectional study was carried out among smokers and nonsmokers from suburban and urban residential areas in Bangkok, Thailand. One hundred eighty-six smokers and 102 nonsmokers, who voluntarily participated in the study, were investigated. The levels of alpha-2-macroglobulin (A2M), albumin, total protein, and other biochemical and hematological parameters as well as body mass index (BMI) measurements were taken. The levels of A2M, BUN and WBC counts were significantly higher in smokers than nonsmokers. Total protein and albumin concentrations were significantly lower in smokers than nonsmokers, but the levels of other biochemical parameters did not differ between the two groups. The relationship between BMI and median A2M levels in the smoker and nonsmoker groups showed the higher the BMI, the lower the serum A2M levels. Smokers had a higher percentage of hyperalpha-2-macroglobulinemia than nonsmokers. A2M concentrations correlated inversely with BMI, BUN, albumin, total cholesterol, triglycerides, and the quantity of cigarettes smoked for the total period of smoking (cigarette pack-years). Multiple regression analysis revealed that albumin and cigarette pack-years were the most closely related variables to A2M concentrations among smokers. These findings suggest cigarette smoking affects inflammation markers, increasing A2M and WBC and decreasing albumin. This effect may be the mechanism responsible for the development of chronic disease states associated with smoking since cigarette smoke contains many toxic compounds harmful to health.


Assuntos
Proteínas Sanguíneas/metabolismo , Fumar/sangue , alfa-Macroglobulinas/metabolismo , Adulto , Índice de Massa Corporal , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Contagem de Leucócitos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Albumina Sérica/metabolismo , Tailândia
8.
J Med Assoc Thai ; 90(11): 2332-7, 2007 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-18181316

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Study the prevalence of protein depletion and determine the effect of protein depletion on postoperative complications. MATERIAL AND METHOD: A retrospective study was performed in 255 Thai elderly patients who had been admitted to Siriraj Hospital because of a fracture of the hip. The level of albumin was the parameter used to determine the degree of protein depletion. The effects of protein depletion that were examined were the length of hospital stay and the development of complications. RESULTS: Ninety-seven patients (44.5%) in the study group were in a protein-depleted state during the period of hospitalization. The patients who were protein-depleted had a higher prevalence of complications and tended to stay in the hospital longer, compared with the nonprotein-depleted patients. CONCLUSION: Thai elderly patients who sustain the trauma of a fracture of the hip should be managed appropriately for the intake of nutrients during the hospitalized period to improve their health status.


Assuntos
Fraturas do Quadril/fisiopatologia , Estado Nutricional , Deficiência de Proteína/complicações , Proteínas/metabolismo , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Antropometria , Feminino , Quadril/fisiologia , Fraturas do Quadril/complicações , Humanos , Tempo de Internação , Masculino , Prevalência , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Tailândia
9.
Int J Vitam Nutr Res ; 76(3): 125-31, 2006 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-17048191

RESUMO

This study investigated levels of fasting plasma glucose (FBS), homeostasis model of the assessment of the insulin resistance (HOMA), lipid profile, insulin, and resistin hormones in 202 individuals, divided into four groups. Two groups had type II diabetes mellitus (DM): one group had been overnourished (DM/OB) (body mass index: BMI equal or above 25) and the other had not (DM/nOB). Two additional groups not suffering from diabetes were either overnourished (nDM/OB) or of normal nutritional status (nDM/nOB). Only the DM/OB group had insulin levels elevated above the other three groups. Resistin levels had been lowest in the nDM/nOB group. When participants of the two nOB groups were pooled into one group and the subjects of the two OB groups were combined into another group, the median plasma resistin levels of the OB groups were significantly higher compared with the nOB groups. Likewise the DM groups had higher resistin levels than the nDM groups. A significant correlation of plasma resistin with BMI, waist circumference, waist-to-hip ratio, FBS, and HOMA score had been observed. The result suggests that plasma resistin has a role in linking central obesity and obesity-related insulin resistance to type II diabetes mellitus.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/sangue , Insulina/sangue , Obesidade/sangue , Resistina/sangue , Adulto , Idoso , Biomarcadores/sangue , Glicemia/metabolismo , Índice de Massa Corporal , HDL-Colesterol/sangue , LDL-Colesterol/sangue , Ensaio de Imunoadsorção Enzimática , Jejum/sangue , Feminino , Homeostase , Humanos , Resistência à Insulina , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Sobrepeso , Radioimunoensaio , Pregas Cutâneas , Tailândia/epidemiologia , Triglicerídeos/sangue , Relação Cintura-Quadril
10.
Nutr Neurosci ; 9(1-2): 93-8, 2006.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-16910174

RESUMO

The study subjects were 192 overweight and obese Thais (BMI > 25.00 kg/m2), and 103 Thai controls (BMI = 18.50-24.99 kg/m2), whose ages ranged from 18-60 years. All subjects were evaluated for serum Alpha-2-macroglobulin (A2M), globulin, albumin concentration, and polymorphic variation in the A2M gene. Serum A2M and albumin were significantly lower in the overweight/obese group (P < 0.05). For the overweight/obese and control group, the median ages were 38 and 37 years, serum A2M 200.2; 252.0 (mg/L), albumin 4.4; 4.5 (g/dL), and globulin 3.0; 2.95 (g/dL), respectively. A2M deletion polymorphism genotyping showed no association between A2M deletion polymorphism and the two groupings. At serum A2M concentration < 250 mg/L, there was no relationship between A2M deletion polymorphism and age. Serum A2M had a significant negative correlation with age in all subjects (R = 0.09, P < 0.05). The results did not support the hypothesis that A2M deletion polymorphism is associated with a low A2M concentration in overweight/obese subjects. However, serum A2M had a significant negative correlation with age; serum A2M can possibly be used to indicate the aging of cells in vivo, including the brain. Further studies are needed to investigate other A2M genes located on chromosome 12 to prove A2M gene polymorphism's association with low serum A2M and aging.


Assuntos
Deleção de Genes , Obesidade/sangue , Obesidade/genética , Polimorfismo Genético , alfa-Macroglobulinas/análise , alfa-Macroglobulinas/genética , Adolescente , Adulto , Envelhecimento , DNA/sangue , Eletroforese em Gel de Poliacrilamida , Feminino , Genótipo , Humanos , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Razão de Chances , Albumina Sérica/análise , Tailândia
11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-16438178

RESUMO

This study evaluated the prevalence of contamination of water that was used for food preparation. Since protozoal cysts can be found in small numbers in water, 1,000 liters of either untreated or treated water were filtered through activated carbon block filters (1 microm nominal porosity). Identification of protozoa was performed using specific monoclonal antibodies against Giardia and Cryptosporidium parasites followed by fluorescence microscopy. Twelve of 20 untreated water samples (60%) were found to be contaminated by Giardia cysts, with an average of 53.33 cysts/1,000 liters (geometric mean 39.43), whilst 7 samples (35%) were contaminated by Cryptosporidium oocysts, with an average of 28.57 oocysts/1,000 liters (geometric mean 26.92). Three samples of untreated water (15%) were positive for both organisms. In contrast, none of the treated water samples were contaminated.


Assuntos
Cryptosporidium/isolamento & purificação , Eucariotos/isolamento & purificação , Contaminação de Alimentos/estatística & dados numéricos , Alimentos Congelados/parasitologia , Giardia/isolamento & purificação , Poluição da Água/estatística & dados numéricos , Animais , Indústria Alimentícia , Humanos , Tailândia
12.
Southeast Asian J Trop Med Public Health ; 36(6): 1543-51, 2005 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-16610660

RESUMO

The antimutagenic activity of Sesbania javanica Miq. or Sano, an edible vegetable flower DMSO extract against aflatoxin B1 (AFB1) benzo (a) pyrene [B(a)P], was evaluated by means of the Ames' test. The Sesbania javanica Miq. flower DMSO extract showed a strong inhibitory effect against AFB1 and B(a)P mutagens. A search to isolate the major flavonoid in Sesbania javanica Miq. flower extract found the flavonol glycoside, Quercetin 3-2(G)-rhamnosylrutinoside, which was confirmed by its physicochemical properties as a major constituent of the flower. Quercetin 3-2(G)-rhamnosylrutinoside (207 microg/plate) also showeda strong inhibitory effect against AFB1 and B(a)P with a more than 70% inhibition rate.


Assuntos
Aflatoxina B1 , Antimutagênicos/farmacologia , Flavonoides/farmacologia , Flores , Glicosídeos/farmacologia , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Sesbania , Dimetil Sulfóxido , Humanos , Testes de Mutagenicidade
13.
J Med Assoc Thai ; 85(1): 17-25, 2002 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-12075716

RESUMO

The dynamic changes of socio-economics leading to the industrialisation of countries are known to affect lifestyle and nutritional behaviours of the population. Review of the literature on the prevalence of obesity showed increasing numbers of the overweight and obese during the past decade. However, information on health and nutritional status of the obese in Thailand has not been widely publicized. This study reveals the vitamin status and hematological picture in 270 overweight and obese Thais in Bangkok, Thailand, compared with 175 normal subjects. No statistically significant differences in haemoglobin and hematocrit were observed in the overweight compared with the control subjects. The prevalence of anaemia was 9.8 per cent among male and 17.2 per cent among female overweight and obese subjects compared with 2.6 per cent and 21.2 per cent in male and female normal controls using the cut-off point of haemoglobin concentration as an indicator of anaemia. Prevalence of hypertension was exhibited in both male and female overweight and obese subjects. Even if there were no statistically significant differences in vitamin B1, B2 and B6 in overweight and obese subjects compared with the controls, high percentages of vitamin C and vitamin B2 deficiencies were observed. Vitamin B2 deficiency was detected in 19.7 per cent of overweight and obese males as well as in 28.7 per cent of overweight and obese females using glutathione reductase activity coefficient (alpha EGR) < 1.5 as the cut-off point. However, clinical signs of vitamin B2 deficiencies were rare. There was also a high percentage of vitamin C (antioxidant vitamin) deficiency in 51.5 per cent of the overweight and obese subjects and 41.7 per cent of the controls, respectively. The results suggest more attention should be paid to health study and nutritional problems for the overweight and obese population, especially concerning vitamins and oxidative stress. Further research is still needed in these aspects.


Assuntos
Anemia/epidemiologia , Deficiência de Ácido Ascórbico/epidemiologia , Hipertensão/epidemiologia , Obesidade/epidemiologia , Deficiência de Vitaminas do Complexo B/epidemiologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Anemia/diagnóstico , Antropometria , Deficiência de Ácido Ascórbico/diagnóstico , Índice de Massa Corporal , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Estudos de Coortes , Intervalos de Confiança , Feminino , Humanos , Hipertensão/diagnóstico , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Obesidade/metabolismo , Obesidade Mórbida/epidemiologia , Obesidade Mórbida/metabolismo , Prevalência , Fatores de Risco , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Tailândia/epidemiologia , População Urbana , Deficiência de Vitaminas do Complexo B/diagnóstico
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...