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1.
Med. clín (Ed. impr.) ; 147(2): 56-62, jul. 2016. tab, ilus
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-154368

RESUMO

Fundamento y objetivo: Evaluar el efecto de los tratamientos anti-TNF sobre la densidad mineral ósea (DMO), los marcadores de remodelado óseo (MRO) y la ratio receptor activator for nuclear factor κB ligand (RANKL, «ligando del receptor activador del factor nuclear κB»)/osteoprotegerina (OPG) en los pacientes con enfermedades inflamatorias articulares crónicas. Métodos: Estudio longitudinal prospectivo en condiciones de práctica clínica sobre 31 pacientes diagnosticados de artritis reumatoide, artropatía psoriásica y espondilitis anquilosante que estuvieron durante un año en tratamiento con fármacos anti-TNF alfa. Al inicio y al final del estudio se evaluaron la DMO, la OPG y la forma soluble de RANKL (sRANKL), y durante el estudio (0, 3, 6, 9 y 12 meses), la actividad de la enfermedad (SDAI, BASDAI y PCR), la capacidad funcional (HAQ, BASFI), los MRO y la vitamina D. Resultados: La DMO no se modificó después de un año de tratamiento. Los pacientes que consumieron corticoides tuvieron una pérdida media de masa ósea del 3% en el raquis lumbar (± 1,6, p = 0,02). En cuanto a los MRO, no experimentaron cambios significativos a lo largo del estudio. Disminuyó la actividad de la enfermedad, tanto SDAI (p = 0,002) como BASDAI (p = 0,002). La OPG se mantuvo sin cambios durante el año de tratamiento, mientras que disminuyeron significativamente tanto el sRANKL (0,28 ± 0,22, p = 0,013) como la ratio sRANKL/OPG (0,04 ± 0,03, p = 0,031). Conclusión: Los pacientes en tratamiento con anti-TNF no presentaron una pérdida de DMO significativa durante el seguimiento (un año), a la vez que experimentaron una mejora de la actividad de la enfermedad. Estos resultados han sido más evidentes en los pacientes respondedores (AU)


Background and objective: To evaluate the effect of anti-TNF treatments on bone mineral density (BMD), bone remodelling markers (BRM) and receptor activator of nuclear factor κB ligand (RANKL) and osteoprotegerin (OPG) in patients with chronic inflammatory joint diseases. Methods: A longitudinal prospective study was performed under clinical practice conditions on 31 patients diagnosed of rheumatoid arthritis, psoriatic arthropathy and ankylosing spondylitis who had received treatment with anti-TNF alpha drugs for one year. BMD, OPG and RANKL soluble form (sRANKL) were studied at the onset and end of the study. During the study (0, 3, 6, 9 and 12 month), disease activity (SDAI, BASDAI and CRP), functional capacity (HAQ, BASFI), BRM and vitamin D were studied. Results: BMD was not modified after one year of treatment. The patients who took corticosteroids had a mean bone mass loss of 3% in the lumbar spine (± 1.6, P = .02). In regards to the BRM, did not experience significant changes over the course of the study. Disease activity, both SDAI (P = .002) and BASDAI (P = .002), decreased. OPG was maintained without changes during the year of treatment while both the sRANKL (0.28 ± 0.22, P = .013) and sRANKL/OPG ratio significantly decreased (0.04 ± 0.03,P = .031). Conclusion: The patients being treated with anti-TNF did not present with a significant loss of DMO during the study (one year), at the same time experiencing an improvement in disease activity. This protection has been clearer in the responding patients (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/antagonistas & inibidores , Inflamação/fisiopatologia , Artrite/tratamento farmacológico , Densidade Óssea , Osteoprotegerina , Mediadores da Inflamação/análise , Ligante RANK , Remodelação Óssea
2.
Med Clin (Barc) ; 147(2): 56-62, 2016 Jul 15.
Artigo em Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27209224

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of anti-TNF treatments on bone mineral density (BMD), bone remodelling markers (BRM) and receptor activator of nuclear factor κB ligand (RANKL) and osteoprotegerin (OPG) in patients with chronic inflammatory joint diseases. METHODS: A longitudinal prospective study was performed under clinical practice conditions on 31 patients diagnosed of rheumatoid arthritis, psoriatic arthropathy and ankylosing spondylitis who had received treatment with anti-TNF alpha drugs for one year. BMD, OPG and RANKL soluble form (sRANKL) were studied at the onset and end of the study. During the study (0, 3, 6, 9 and 12 month), disease activity (SDAI, BASDAI and CRP), functional capacity (HAQ, BASFI), BRM and vitamin D were studied. RESULTS: BMD was not modified after one year of treatment. The patients who took corticosteroids had a mean bone mass loss of 3% in the lumbar spine (±1.6, P=.02). In regards to the BRM, did not experience significant changes over the course of the study. Disease activity, both SDAI (P=.002) and BASDAI (P=.002), decreased. OPG was maintained without changes during the year of treatment while both the sRANKL (0.28±0.22, P=.013) and sRANKL/OPG ratio significantly decreased (0.04±0.03, P=.031). CONCLUSION: The patients being treated with anti-TNF did not present with a significant loss of DMO during the study (one year), at the same time experiencing an improvement in disease activity. This protection has been clearer in the responding patients.


Assuntos
Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Artrite Psoriásica/tratamento farmacológico , Artrite Reumatoide/tratamento farmacológico , Densidade Óssea/efeitos dos fármacos , Remodelação Óssea/efeitos dos fármacos , Espondilite Anquilosante/tratamento farmacológico , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/antagonistas & inibidores , Adalimumab/farmacologia , Adalimumab/uso terapêutico , Adulto , Idoso , Anti-Inflamatórios/uso terapêutico , Artrite Psoriásica/metabolismo , Artrite Reumatoide/metabolismo , Biomarcadores/metabolismo , Doença Crônica , Etanercepte/farmacologia , Etanercepte/uso terapêutico , Feminino , Humanos , Infliximab/farmacologia , Infliximab/uso terapêutico , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Osteoprotegerina/metabolismo , Estudos Prospectivos , Ligante RANK/metabolismo , Espondilite Anquilosante/metabolismo , Resultado do Tratamento
3.
Reumatol. clín. (Barc.) ; 9(6): 359-364, nov.-dic. 2013. ilus, tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-116220

RESUMO

Objetivo. Determinar la incidencia y prevalencia del cáncer en una cohorte de pacientes con lupus eritematoso sistémico (LES) e identificar los factores de riesgo asociados. Pacientes y métodos. El estudio incluyó una cohorte dinámica de los pacientes con LES (de noviembre de 1989 a diciembre del 2006) en un centro hospitalario de tercer nivel. Se utilizó un control externo ajustado por edad y sexo a través de un registro hospitalario de tumores de la misma área sanitaria. Resultados. El estudio incluyó a 175 pacientes con LES (90% mujeres), con un tiempo en riesgo de 1370,5 pacientes-año. Catorce mujeres (8%) murieron, principalmente por eventos cardiovasculares. Ningún paciente falleció por tumor maligno. Se encontraron 35 tumores en 28 pacientes, 25 de ellos después del diagnóstico de LES, de los cuales 5 fueron malignos. La tasa de tumores benignos fue de 14,6/1000 pacientes-año (IC del 95%, 8,9–22,5) y de los tumores malignos 3,6/1000 pacientes-año (IC del 95%, 1,5 a 8,8), con una razón de momios de incidencia cruda para los tumores malignos de 3,5 (IC del 95%, 01,05 a 07,09). Sin embargo, esta significación se perdió cuando se estandarizaron las tasas. En cuanto a los factores de riesgo asociados, se encontraron diferencias en la velocidad de sedimentación globular media (HR 1,4 [1,1–1,7]), y la presencia de trombosis (HR 6,9 [1,49 a 41,2]), en especial la trombosis arterial. Conclusiones. Encontramos una tasa cruda de incidencia de cáncer casi 4 veces mayor en los pacientes con LES en comparación con la tasa esperada en nuestra área de influencia del hospital (zona oeste de Málaga) (AU)


Objective: To determine the incidence and prevalence of cancer in a cohort of patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and identify associated risk factors. Patients and methods: The study comprised a dynamic cohort of SLE patients (November 1989 to December 2006) at a tertiary referral centre. An adjusted external control from the hospital tumour registry was used. Results: The study included 175 SLE patients (90% women), with a mean time at risk of 1370.5 patientyears. Fourteen women (8%) died, mainly from cardiovascular events. No patient died due to malignancy. We found 35 tumours in 28 patients, 25 of them after the diagnosis of SLE, of which 5 were malignant. The rate of benign tumours was 14.6/1000 patient-years (95% CI, 8.9–22.5) and of malignant tumours 3.6/1000 patient-years (95% CI, 1.5–8.8), with a crude incidence odds ratio for malignant tumours of 3.5 (95% CI, 1.5–7.9). However, this significance was lost after standardizing the rates. Concerning associated risk factors, differences were found in the mean erythrocyte sedimentation rate [HR 1.4 (1.1–1.7)], and the presence of thrombosis [HR 6.9 (1.49–41.2)], especially arterial thrombosis. Conclusions: We found a crude incidence rate of cancer that was almost four times greater in our SLE patients as compared with the expected rate in the hospital area of western Malaga (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/complicações , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/diagnóstico , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/mortalidade , Neoplasias/epidemiologia , Fatores de Risco , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/prevenção & controle , Estudos de Coortes , Sedimentação Sanguínea , Estudos Prospectivos
4.
Reumatol Clin ; 9(6): 359-64, 2013.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24099959

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To determine the incidence and prevalence of cancer in a cohort of patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and identify associated risk factors. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The study comprised a dynamic cohort of SLE patients (November 1989 to December 2006) at a tertiary referral centre. An adjusted external control from the hospital tumour registry was used. RESULTS: The study included 175 SLE patients (90% women), with a mean time at risk of 1370.5 patient-years. Fourteen women (8%) died, mainly from cardiovascular events. No patient died due to malignancy. We found 35 tumours in 28 patients, 25 of them after the diagnosis of SLE, of which 5 were malignant. The rate of benign tumours was 14.6/1000 patient-years (95% CI, 8.9-22.5) and of malignant tumours 3.6/1000 patient-years (95% CI, 1.5-8.8), with a crude incidence odds ratio for malignant tumours of 3.5 (95% CI, 1.5-7.9). However, this significance was lost after standardizing the rates. Concerning associated risk factors, differences were found in the mean erythrocyte sedimentation rate [HR 1.4 (1.1-1.7)], and the presence of thrombosis [HR 6.9 (1.49-41.2)], especially arterial thrombosis. CONCLUSIONS: We found a crude incidence rate of cancer that was almost four times greater in our SLE patients as compared with the expected rate in the hospital area of western Malaga.


Assuntos
Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/complicações , Neoplasias/epidemiologia , Neoplasias/etiologia , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prevalência , Estudos Prospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Espanha/epidemiologia
5.
Med Clin (Barc) ; 123(12): 466-70, 2004 Oct 09.
Artigo em Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-15498444

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: We decided to describe the demographic, clinical and laboratory characteristics of a series of patients with antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) (Harris criteria) and review other Spanish published series. PATIENTS AND METHOD: We describe 112 patients with APS, 50 primary (PAPS) and 62 secondary (SAPS) -56 (90%) to systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE)-, monitorized in two referral centers in Malaga (Spain) from 1989 to 2000. All data were obtained from the medical records by means of a protocol. RESULTS: The age was similar in both groups (42.3 [14.7] years for the whole series). Patients with SAPS had an earlier onset of the disease (29.6 [12.6] years, vs 37.0 [13.9] years in PAPS) and they had a longer evolution of the disease (143.3 [115.5] months, vs 83.5 [73.5] months in PAPS). There was a female predominance (84% and 60% in SAPS and PAPS, respectively). The prevalences of arterial (43%) and venous thrombosis (39%), fetal loss (40%), premature births (9%), anticardiolipin antibodies (88%) and lupus anticoagulant (54%) were similar in both groups. The prevalence of ANA-IFI, thrombocytopenia and autoimmune anemia was higher in SAPS. CONCLUSIONS: Patients with PAPS and SAPS did not present any differences in the clinical manifestations and immunological disorders of the syndrome. Those patients with SAPS were younger at the beginning of the disease and there was a female predominance. Our patients were different from those included in other Spanish published series, which could be explained by selection and classification bias.


Assuntos
Síndrome Antifosfolipídica/fisiopatologia , Adulto , Idade de Início , Síndrome Antifosfolipídica/epidemiologia , Síndrome Antifosfolipídica/imunologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Espanha/epidemiologia
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