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1.
PeerJ ; 10: e13373, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35573182

RESUMO

Background: Perception is the process or result of the process arising from the mental interpretation of the phenomena occurring, therefore it depends not only on physiology, but is also psychologically and socially conditioned. The aim of this study was to assess if there is a difference in the sensory sensitivity to an electrical stimulus in women suffering from depression and what the hedonic rating is of the lived experience of transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation. Methods: The depression group: 44 women, who were inpatients treated for depression at the Psychiatric Ward in the Clinical Hospital, and the control group: 41 women, matched by the age, height and weight, with no mental illness. Measures: threshold for sensing current, type of sensation evoked, hedonic rating. Results: Median sensing threshold of electric current (depression vs. control: 7.75 mA vs. 8.35 mA; no significant), type of sensation evoked (depression vs. control: tingling 90.9% vs. 92.7%, no significant), hedonic rating (depression vs. control: unpleasant 11.4% vs. 2.4%; p = 0.003), hedonic rating (mildly ill vs. moderately ill vs. markedly ill: unpleasant 5.3% vs. 6.3% vs. 33.3%; p = 0.066). Conclusions: Women suffering from depression exhibit a similar threshold of sensitivity to an electrical stimulus as mentally healthy women, however the hedonic rating of the stimulus acting on the skin in the group of clinically depressed women was more negative than in the mentally healthy subjects. The stimulus was described as 'unpleasant' for many of the mentally unhealthy women. The most negative sensations related to the electrical stimulus were experienced by women with the highest severity of mental illness according to The Clinical Global Impression - Severity Scale.

2.
Nutrients ; 14(5)2022 Feb 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35268017

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to perform analysis of sensitivity to sweet, salty, and umami tastes based on three measurement methods and of the hedonic perception of taste sensations in adolescent females with anorexia nervosa (AN). The aim of the research was to confirm the results of other authors in terms of the perception of sweet and salty taste in patients with AN, and then develop knowledge about the perception of umami taste, which is still insufficiently studied. METHOD: A total of 110 females with an age ranging from 13 to 19 years, including 50 newly diagnosed patients with a restrictive subtype of AN and 60 healthy controls participated in gustatory research involving analyses of taste perception (recognition thresholds, ability to identify the taste correctly, taste intensity, and hedonic response) applying the sip and spit method. RESULTS: Females with AN showed reduced sensitivity to salty taste and increased sensitivity to umami taste and, more often than healthy controls, wrongly classified the taste of solutions with a low sucrose concentration. Patients with AN assessed the sodium chloride and monosodium glutamate tastes less negatively than did control participants, and they did not show differences in their hedonic assessment of sucrose. CONCLUSIONS: The taste sensitivity alterations in females with AN demonstrated in this paper do not entail decreased hedonic assessment of taste experiences. Based on our results, we cannot consider the observed variation in taste sensitivity in patients with AN to be a factor that increases their negative attitude toward food consumption.


Assuntos
Anorexia Nervosa , Paladar , Adolescente , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Glutamato de Sódio/farmacologia , Sacarose/farmacologia , Paladar/fisiologia , Percepção Gustatória/fisiologia , Adulto Jovem
3.
PeerJ ; 10: e12903, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35256915

RESUMO

Background: The Female Athlete Triad (FAT) included three interrelated conditions including disordered eating, amenorrhea, and osteoporosis. The American College of Sports Medicine updated the definition of FAT to reflect the interdependence of low energy availability with or without eating disorders. The main aim of the study was to assess the impact of recreational running on potential disturbances in the regularity of women's menstrual cycles. Additionally, this work compared differences in the menstrual cycle between women runners and women who did not regularly practice sports. The respondents were also asked about the type of diet they consumed. Methods: A total of 360 women took part in the research. This group included 217 runners and 143 control. The authors' questionnaire was used in the research. Results: When compared to the control group, the runners had an increased frequency of menstrual cycles of <24 days (10.14% vs. 3.50%), fewer typical cycles of 25-31 days (75.58% vs. 86.71%), had fewer regular cycles per year (9.62 vs. 11.22), shorter duration of bleeding (4.79 vs. 5.27 days), and an increased frequency of painless menstruation (23.96% vs. 7.69%). A positive predictor of menstrual cycle disorders was the use of a 'special diet' (R:1.67; 95% C:0.47-2.87). Conclusions: The runners had shorter and less regular monthly cycles and shorter and more often painless menstrual bleeding when compared to the control group. The frequency of menstrual disorders in runners was increased by following a 'special diet'. The frequency of menstrual cycle disorders in runners, however, did not differ significantly from the control group.

4.
Przegl Epidemiol ; 75(2): 263-276, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34696567

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION AND AIM OF THE STUDY: Vitamin D deficiency is a common problem in Poland and worldwide. In the light of recent epidemiological studies, D hypovitaminosis causes not only skeletal diseases, but also other chronic diseases such as immunodeficiency or some types of cancer. The proper knowledge can significantly determine pro-health behaviour, therefore the aim of the study was to analyse the knowledge, opinion and social behaviour regarding vitamin D. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The survey was conducted among 300 Silesian Voivodeship inhabitants (178 women and 122 men) using an anonymous survey containing 40 questions. RESULTS: 59% of people were aware of solar radiation, as a main source of vitamin D in the human body. Sea fish, as the main dietary vitamin D source, were known to 58% of respondents. The highest number of indications (67%) had dairy products, which are poor sources of cholecalciferol. 37% of people were aware that even a well-balanced diet was not able to provide the required daily dose of vitamin D. 78% of people in the study group were aware of the calcaemic effect of vitamin D. Only 9% of respondents were aware of the safe amount of daily sun exposure, sufficient for vitamin D synthesis, while 69% indicated periods of time longer than recommended. 76% of the respondents showed a positive attitude to sun exposure. Taking vitamin D supplementation was declared by 45% of the study participants, while a serum 25(OH)D level was tested only by 6.5% of the respondents. CONCLUSIONS: Insufficient knowledge about the vitamin D sources among the Silesian Voivodeship inhabitants, misconceptions about the possibility to reach adequate blood levels through the diet, and at the same time low consumption of products rich in vitamin D and its supplements, may be the causes of vitamin D deficiencies.


Assuntos
Deficiência de Vitamina D , Vitamina D , Animais , Suplementos Nutricionais , Feminino , Comportamentos Relacionados com a Saúde , Humanos , Masculino , Polônia , Fatores de Risco , Deficiência de Vitamina D/epidemiologia
5.
Healthcare (Basel) ; 9(9)2021 Sep 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34574952

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Hammertoe, one of the most common toe deformities, causes pain due to overloading of the periarticular tissues and skin lesions. Additionally, it results in problems with footwear choice, an unattractive foot appearance and a deterioration in quality of life. The most common treatment for rigid and advanced deformities is surgery, and these procedures are widely described in literature. If the changes in the interphalangeal and metatarsophalangeal joints are flexible (that mean they undergo correction without causing pain) or surgery is not possible, conservative treatment should be considered. No research, however, has been found detailing this treatment method. Conservative treatment includes the Kinesiology Taping (KT) method, which involves applying taping to correct deformities. This report describes the effect of KT treatment in a female patient with hammertoes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Anthropometric foot measurements (3D scanner) and foot loadings (baropodometric platform) are presented before KT applying, immediately after tapes application and after tapes removal following one month of use. RESULTS: After using KT application parameters such as: foot length, maximum foot load, load under the area of the metatarsals II-III changed. CONCLUSION: Kinesiology Taping seems to be a symptomatic form of treatment of the effects of lesser toes deformity, therefore it is a good alternative for patients who do not want or cannot undergo surgery.

6.
Ortop Traumatol Rehabil ; 23(4): 295-303, 2021 Aug 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34511429

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Hallux valgus is the most common deformity of the forefoot. It has a multifactorial aetiology, with hindfoot valgus considered one of its causes. The aim of this study was to evaluate hindfoot position and loading pattern after a treatment of Kinesiology Taping (KT) for the mechanical correction of hallux valgus. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study involved 25 feet with hallux valgus deformity and hindfoot valgus. The hallux valgus angle (HVA) and hindfoot angle were assessed with a 3D scanner. Hindfoot loading pattern was examined with a baropodometric platform while standing and during gait. Measurements were taken on the following three occasions: before and immediately after KT placement as well as after a month of taping. RESULTS: The KT treatment had a significant influence on the hindfoot angle (p<0.001) and HVA (p<0.001) measured while standing and on lateral heel loading in dynamic conditions during gait (p<0.01). CONCLUSIONS: 1. KT decreased HVA and improved hindfoot position while standing in the pilot study participants. 2. KT exerted a corrective influence on the foot loading pattern in patients with hallux valgus and hindfoot pronation. 3. The foot position correction and normalisation of foot loading achieved in the pilot study provide a basis for further research on KT effectiveness in patients with hallux valgus and hindfoot pronation.


Assuntos
Hallux Valgus , Hallux , , Marcha , Hallux Valgus/cirurgia , Humanos , Projetos Piloto
7.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34335846

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Sandalwood oil is one of the most valuable raw materials worldwide. As a highly valued product, it has its own regulations based on the ISO 3518 standard, which clearly informs producers, distributors, and consumers of the requirements to be met. The aim of this study was to assess the quality of products called sandalwood oil based on the information provided by the manufacturer of the oils on Polish, German, and English websites. METHODS: A Google search was utilized to collect data on sandalwood oil offered by producers and distributors in Polish and foreign markets. Information from 50 websites in each of the aforementioned languages, including the description of sandalwood oil properties on websites, method for using it, safety limitations, and presence of a product description consistent with the INCI recommendations, was gathered using Microsoft Excel software and was analyzed. The information that enabled us to estimate the quality of the oils was the botanical name of the oil-bearing plant and the price. Good-quality oils were considered to be oils with the botanical name Santalum album in the description and with a price not considerably less than the price of white sandalwood oils sold by reliable distributors who control the quality of the oils by chromatography. Ultimately, the lower price limit for one milliliter of the oil was established as PLN 21. Results and Conclusions. Good-quality sandalwood oils derived from the Santalum album plant at a price equal to or greater than the chromatographically tested items amounted to a negligible percentage of products sold online. Without knowing the botanical name of the essential oil plant and the price range of unadulterated sandalwood oil, the likelihood of buying a reliable product is low on all of the analyzed websites, with the lowest probability being observed on the Polish websites.

8.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34360242

RESUMO

Background: The aim of the study was to assess the influence of both physical activity, such as running and dancing, and the personal characteristics of the studied women on the occurrence and progression of premenstrual disorder (PMD). Methods: We surveyed 414 women aged 22-48 who were experiencing the menstrual cycle but not using hormonal contraception. There were two physically active groups, runners (N = 215) and Argentine tango dancers (N = 94), and there was one group not undertaking any physical activity-the control group (N = 104). The research was conducted using the researchers' own questionnaire. Results: The number of days of PMD symptoms in the tango vs. runner vs. control groups are as follows: pre-bleeding (mean: 4.14 vs. 4.86 vs. 4.85; p = 0.024), after the onset of bleeding (mean: 1.76 vs. 2.39 vs. 2.16; p = 0.001), and in total (mean: 5.94 vs. 7.25 vs. 7.01; p < 0.001). The regression analysis results without grouping results are as follows: the number of days of symptoms before bleeding and menarche (B: -0.16; 95% CIs: from -0.29 to -0.04; p = 0.011), the total duration of symptoms and menarche (B: -0.17; 95% CIs: from -0.32 to -0.01; p = 0.036), lower abdominal pain and age (B: -0.05; 95% CIs: 0.92-0.98; p = 0.002), diarrhoea (B: -0.08; 95% CIs: 0.88-0.97; p < 0.001), tearfulness, depressive states and age (B: -0.06; 95% CIs: 0.91-0.97; p < 0.001), skin problems and age (B: -0.05; 95% CIs: 0.92-0.98; p = 0.004), joint pain and age (B: -0.09; 95% CIs: 0.86-0.96; p = 0.001), pain in the lumbar spine (B: -0.06, 95% CIs: 0.91-0.98; p = 0.001), water retention and BMI (B: 0.09; 95% CIs: 0.92-0.98; p = 0.007), and water retention and menarche (B: -0.19; 95% CIs: 0.73-0.94; p = 0.003). Information: generally there is one regression model, we have several here, we have a bit the description. Conclusions: Physical activity such as dancing (tango) shortens the duration of PMD symptoms but does not completely eliminate them. Running does not have as beneficial an effect on symptom relief as dancing. Current age, age when menstruation began (menarche), and BMI were revealed to be important factors influencing the symptoms of premenstrual disorders.


Assuntos
Síndrome Pré-Menstrual , Corrida , Feminino , Humanos , Menarca , Ciclo Menstrual , Menstruação , Distúrbios Menstruais , Síndrome Pré-Menstrual/epidemiologia
9.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34072683

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The aim of the research was to determine the effect that dance has on the promotion of health, physical well-being, as well as the emotional, personal and social life of women who dance. In addition, the impact of the physical activity of long, often all-night dancing events on women's health was investigated. This included possible disturbances in their monthly cycle and circadian rhythm, taking into account symptoms of biological rhythm disturbances. METHODS: The study involved 214 women: tango group: 109, sedentary group: 105. The Mann-Whitney U and chi2 tests were used to compare the groups, as well as multiple ordinal regression to analyse individual predictors of missed menstrual periods. RESULTS: The tango vs. sedentary groups did not differ in the duration of menstrual bleeding, the degree of pain during menstruation, the regularity of menstruation, the number of regular monthly cycles per year, and amenorrhea. Intermenstrual spotting was more common in dancers (tango 12.8% vs. sedentary 4.8%; p = 0.038). The frequency of missed periods was not increased by any of the assessed aspects. In 59.6% of female dancers, milongas caused disturbances in circadian rhythms, including extreme fatigue and drowsiness (36.7%), 66.0% of the dancers mentioned only positive aspects of Argentine Tango's impact on their personal life. CONCLUSIONS: tango plays a positive and multifaceted role in the lives of dancers and fulfils the need for social contact. The physical effort put into this form of physical activity does not significantly affect the menstrual cycle, and thus the reproductive functions, and can be recommended as an attractive and safe form of physical recreation for women.


Assuntos
Dança , Emoções , Exercício Físico , Feminino , Promoção da Saúde , Humanos , Menstruação
10.
Medicina (Kaunas) ; 57(4)2021 Mar 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33810238

RESUMO

Background and Objectives: Hallux valgus, one of the most common foot disorders, contributes to the formation of pain, changes foot proportions and hinders everyday functioning. In this study we wanted to verify if kinesiology taping improves hallux valgus and affects the position as well as reducing pain. Materials and Methods: Forty feet with hallux valgus were examined and the parameters were measured at three stages: before the kinesiology taping was applied, just after its application and after a month of use. Measurements were taken with a 3D scanner and a baropodometric platform. Results: When taping was applied, the hallux valgus angle decreased statistically significantly compared with pre-taping (p < 0.01). The use of taping for a month significantly reduced this angle compared with pre-taping (p < 0.05). Parameters such as foot length, the surface of the hindfoot and forefoot and hindfoot pressure on the ground changed. A change in the hallux position due to the taping produced significant changes in the perception of pain (p < 0.001). Conclusion: Kinesiology taping acts on the hallux valgus and foot position mechanically. This makes kinesiology taping an effective method of conservative treatment for patients who are not qualified for surgery.


Assuntos
Hallux Valgus , Antropometria , , Humanos , Dor
11.
J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil ; 34(4): 715-721, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33720876

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Hallux valgus, one of the most common foot disorders, contributes to the formation of pain and changes foot biomechanics. OBJECTIVE: To assess the impact of Kinesiology Taping (KT) on foot loading during gait in patients with hallux valgus. METHODS: Forty feet with hallux valgus were examined. Patients wore the KT for a month and the parameters of the foot during gait on a baropodometric platform were measured three times: before taping, immediately after application of taping and after one month's use. RESULTS: The taping had a statistically significant effect on dynamic foot measurements. The maximum and mean foot load (p< 0.001), foot surface (p< 0.001), ratio of forefoot to hindfoot load (p< 0.01) and the proportions of the lateral and medial foot loading (p< 0.05) all changed. During gait cycle, taping significantly increased the load and surface at the first metatarsal head (p< 0.001) while there was a decrease around the second to fifth (p< 0.001) metatarsal heads. CONCLUSIONS: Using KT to correct a hallux valgus is a procedure that has an impact on the dynamic parameters of the foot during gait. The use of this method could become an alternative to surgical treatment for those patients, who have any contraindication for surgery.


Assuntos
Fita Atlética , Pé/fisiopatologia , Marcha/fisiologia , Hallux Valgus/fisiopatologia , Adulto , Idoso , Fenômenos Biomecânicos/fisiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Resultado do Tratamento
12.
Ir J Med Sci ; 190(3): 993-998, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33083960

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The human body consists of water, proteins, lipids, carbohydrates, and minerals that build cells, tissues, and organs. In healthy people, the content of these molecules remains nearly constant. The body mass index (BMI) is commonly used to classify abnormal body composition among adults. According to the WHO, a high BMI is a major risk factor for many diseases. Bioelectrical impedance analysis is a commonly used method for assessing body composition in clinical practice and medical research. AIMS: The aim of this study was to identify the advantages and disadvantages of using BMI in diagnosis of underweight, overweight, and obesity, by comparing the value of the index with the values of body composition analysis parameters. METHODS: A total of 267 healthy women 18 to 35 years of age participated in this study. Bioelectrical impedance analysis was performed on all participants at the beginning of the experiment with an InBodyS10 device. RESULTS: In the BMI categories of overweight and obese, only women with excessive BFM were measured with BIA. The BMI category of normal body weight, apart from women with normal body composition, includes people with both deficient and excess body components, e.g., body fat or lean body mass. The BMI category of underweight includes women with different body compositions as well as people with excessive fat content. CONCLUSIONS: The BMI is useful to provide a warning of excessive fat content in overweight and obese women, whereas among normal weight and underweight women, it may mask various types of body composition defects.


Assuntos
Composição Corporal , Obesidade , Sobrepeso , Magreza , Adulto , Índice de Massa Corporal , Peso Corporal , Impedância Elétrica , Feminino , Humanos , Adulto Jovem
13.
Przegl Epidemiol ; 75(3): 437-453, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35170886

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Nutrition is one of the most important lifestyle elements influencing health and contributing to the correct functioning of the human body. OBJECTIVES: The aim of the research was to analyse the nutritional behaviour and disorders of the monthly cycle in women training in fitness clubs (F-Fitness) compared to women who did not participate in any training (C- Control). MATERIAL AND METHODS: 248 women, aged 21.5 ± 3 years, took part in the study (F:120, C:128). The author's survey was used for the research. The U Mann-Whitney and Chi2 tests were used for comparisons of the groups and multiple regression analyses were used for continuous outcomes and multiple logistic regression analyses for binary outcomes. RESULTS: In comparison with the control group women training in fitness clubs avoided sweets, fried food, highly processed products as well as snacking between meals. The Fitness Group ate more meals during the day, wherever possible at fixed times, ate vegetables and fish more frequently, drank more fluids. The Fitness Group used protein supplements and "special diets" more often, including balanced, starvation and calorie restricted diets and admitted to more frequent compulsive overeating. In the Fitness Group menstrual disorders were more frequent, F vs C: 30% vs 18%. Factors increasing menstrual disorders included: a special diet: OR 3.85, (95% CI 1.11-13.36), p=0.033 and starvation diet: OR 4.15, (95% CI 1.84-9.33), p= 0.001. The factors which reduced menstrual cycle disorders were: a balanced diet: OR 0.09, (95% CI 0.01-0.58); p=0.011 and snacking between meals: OR 0.43, (95% CI 0.24-0.80); p=0.008. CONCLUSIONS: The factors that increased the possibility of menstrual disorders were: special and starvation diets. Conversely, the reduction in the probability of menstrual disorders was associated with a balanced diet and snacking between meals.


Assuntos
Comportamento Alimentar , Preferências Alimentares , Adolescente , Adulto , Animais , Feminino , Hábitos , Humanos , Ciclo Menstrual , Polônia , Adulto Jovem
14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33348763

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The aim of the research was to analyse the impact of gender on pain perception during and directly after tattooing, with the following predictors as covariates: the body area chosen for a tattoo, the character of the pain, the time it takes to complete the tattoo, bleeding, the level of stress, analgesics taken before the tattooing procedure, and the cycle phase. METHODS: A total of 1092 participants took part in this study (F: 863, M: 229). A proprietary survey was used in the research, including patient characteristics and questions relating to the above-mentioned variables. Multiple regression analyses were used for continuous outcomes and multiple logistic regression analyses for binary outcomes. RESULTS: Factors increasing pain during tattooing include: time B: 0.35; 95% CIs: 0.27-0.43; p = 0.001; bleeding B: 0.36; 95% CIs: 0.00-0.72; p = 0.052; level of stress B: 0.45; 95% CIs: 0.31-0.60; p = 0.001; pain medications taken before tattooing B: 1.42; 95% CIs: 0.60-2.23; p = 0.001. Factors increasing pain after tattooing include: time B: 0.21; 95% CIs: 0.15-0.27; p = 0.001; bleeding B: 0.47; 95% CIs: 0.20-0.72; p = 0.001; level of stress B: 0.15; 95% CIs: 0.04-0.26; p = 0.001. CONCLUSIONS: There was no difference between females and males in pain intensity during tattooing. Directly after the procedure, however, pain intensity was higher in women when compared to men. The most important factors increasing pain were time, bleeding, and the level of stress.


Assuntos
Percepção da Dor , Dor , Tatuagem , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Dor/epidemiologia , Dor/etiologia , Percepção da Dor/fisiologia , Fatores Sexuais , Inquéritos e Questionários , Tatuagem/efeitos adversos
15.
BMC Womens Health ; 20(1): 254, 2020 11 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33198742

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Stress urinary incontinence worsens living conditions as far as the occupational, social, mental, physical and sexual aspects of a woman's life. Despite its real impact on the everyday lives of millions of women around the world, this problem is still disregarded and treated only as a discomfort associated with personal hygiene. Could this be due to negligence on the part of medical personnel in this matter and perhaps this lack of knowledge and proper information intended for women with stress urinary incontinence? Implementing educational activities to increase knowledge about urinary incontinence will translate into better educated women and earlier implementation of urinary incontinence treatment in the future. To properly educate women at risk of urinary incontinence, one needs to be familiar with the condition, in particular the risk factors for its development. The purpose of the study was to evaluate the degree of knowledge of students graduating from medical faculties have regarding risk factors for stress urinary incontinence in women and assess where the students' knowledge of this problem came from. METHODS: The research involved 1581 final year students of medical faculties: nursing and midwifery (258), medicine (432), physiotherapy (402) and other medical (489). The author's survey was used for the research. The chi2 test was used for analysis. RESULTS: Students in faculties of nursing and midwifery, general medicine, physiotherapy, and other medical faculties could correctly list stress urinary incontinence risk factors in 88.8%, 81.7%, 74.4% and 51.9% of their answers respectively (p < 0.01). The most frequently mentioned source of knowledge about stress urinary incontinence was higher level education in 82.6%, 89.8%, 90.0% and 34.4% of the respective groups' replies (p < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Nursing and midwifery students had the greatest theoretical knowledge of stress urinary incontinence, and lesser knowledge was found among general medicine students, while physiotherapy students and students of other medical faculties had the least theoretical knowledge about risk factors for urinary incontinence. It is advisable that more emphasis be placed on educating students about stress urinary incontinence due to their insufficient knowledge, in particular for future doctors and physiotherapists who will have direct contact with patients.


Assuntos
Competência Clínica , Estudantes de Ciências da Saúde , Incontinência Urinária por Estresse , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Fatores de Risco , Estudantes de Ciências da Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Incontinência Urinária por Estresse/etiologia , Adulto Jovem
16.
Med Educ Online ; 24(1): 1685635, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31662061

RESUMO

Background: Stress urinary incontinence (SUI) is an embarrassing condition, which is one of the last taboos in modern medicine. The study aim was an attempt to assess medical students' knowledge of female stress urinary incontinence.Methods: The study involved 432 students of the Medical Department at the Medical University of Silesia in Katowice. Participants answered open-ended questions about: risk factors, prevention, diagnostic tests, conservative and surgical treatment in stress urinary incontinence.Results: The obtained results indicated that female students know more about SUI than male students. Women - more often than men - could provide the definition of SUI (p < 0.01); additionally, they more frequently indicated prevention methods (p < 0.01), diagnostic testing (p < 0.001) and conservative methods of treatment (p < 0.001). Not all the respondents were able to properly define stress urinary incontinence. Risk factors were known to most of the respondents but only half of them were aware of surgical treatment and prevention methods. Even fewer answered questions about conservative treatment and diagnostic tests correctly.Conclusions: We conclude that the knowledge of medical undergraduates who took part in the survey was not satisfactory. Most of the students were able to define properly the disease and point out risk factors. However, several steps should be taken to make stress urinary incontinence a disease much more known to medical students.Abbreviations: SUI: Stress urinary incontinence; Group F: Females Group; Group M: Males Group; TVT: Tension Free Vaginal Tape; TOT: Transobturator Tape.


Assuntos
Educação de Graduação em Medicina/organização & administração , Estudantes de Medicina/psicologia , Incontinência Urinária por Estresse/prevenção & controle , Incontinência Urinária por Estresse/terapia , Adulto , Competência Clínica , Feminino , Humanos , Conhecimento , Masculino , Fatores de Risco , Slings Suburetrais , Inquéritos e Questionários , Resultado do Tratamento , Incontinência Urinária por Estresse/fisiopatologia , Adulto Jovem
17.
Przegl Epidemiol ; 72(4): 525-536, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30810010

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Both insufficient and excessive exposure to UV radiation (UVR) lead to serious health consequences: Caucasian people living in northern Europe commonly suffer from vitamin D deficiencies, constant increasing number of melanoma incidents is alarming. AIM: Assessment of knowledge and selected attitudes among Silesians about ultraviolet radiation. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Study involved 169 adult residents of the one Silesian city. The original, anonymous questionnaire containing 25 questions about UVR was used. Respondents (85 females, 84 males) of different age and level of education were examined. RESULTS: One-third of respondents do not spend time outdoors during sunny weather. The solarium is used by 9% of the studied group. The vitamin D synthesis was a favorable UV effect known by 90% of the respondents. 51% of the group did not know about the UV importance in melanin synthesis. 55% of respondents were not aware of the significance of the SPF (Sun Protective Factor) abbreviation, and 40% of people with the vocational education were convinced that the SPF50+ provides complete sun protection. Only 44% of women and 23% of men differentiated basic skin phototypes. Respondents knew at what time of a day in spring-summer the sun should be avoided, 71% knew about the re-application of a waterproof sunscreens after bath. 64% of women and 37% of men presented the sufficient knowledge of melanoma. Only 38% of respondents paid attention to UV filters when buying sunglasses. CONCLUSIONS: Respondents were aware of the UVR value for the vitamin D synthesis, but only a small percentage declared short-term sun exposures. Women had more knowledge about negative effects of UVR. People over 50 years of age and those with vocational education had a limited knowledge about health effects of UVR.


Assuntos
Banho de Sol , Queimadura Solar/prevenção & controle , Luz Solar/efeitos adversos , Protetores Solares/uso terapêutico , Raios Ultravioleta/efeitos adversos , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Polônia , Queimadura Solar/etiologia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto Jovem
18.
PLoS One ; 12(9): e0185179, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28938021

RESUMO

PURPOSE: A vertical posture makes it difficult to maintain balance especially in the elderly. Loss of balance leads to falls and injuries. In the present study, we evaluated whether balance maintenance can be improved with the use of stochastic resonance whole body vibration (SR-WBV). METHODS: An examination of balance, involving 187 women aged 19-74 years, was conducted using double-plate posturography pre and post SR-WBV. The SR-WBV trainings were performed using the SRT Zeptor Medical-plus noise device. The entire study lasted 6 weeks, with a total of 12 training sessions, each consisting of nine 45 second series, with a 45 second pause between them. RESULTS: Post SR-WBV there was a reduction in the value of: the resultant mean velocity (MV) of the movement of COP (centre of pressure) for both lower limbs (B) and in the right lower limb (R) during the test with eyes closed (EC), the mean velocity and mean amplitude (MA) of the movement of COP along the x-axis (ML) of the left lower limb (L) during the test with eyes open (EO) and closed and some additional parameters. Negative correlations between age/index of improvement of MV-EC-B, MV-EC-L and MVML-EC-L, and BMI/index of improvement of MV-EC-B, MVML-EC-B appeared. Height correlated positively with the index of improvement of MV-EC-B and MVML-EC-B. CONCLUSIONS: As a result of SR-WBV, the left leg is more stable along the x-axis and the disproportion between the stability of both legs is reduced. Consequently, body stability is higher. The SR-WBV is more effective in younger, taller and slimmer women. SR-WBV parameters should be optimized so that the training is more beneficial for elderly and shorter women, and for women with a higher BMI.


Assuntos
Equilíbrio Postural , Vibração , Acidentes por Quedas/prevenção & controle , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Fenômenos Biomecânicos , Estatura , Índice de Massa Corporal , Feminino , Lateralidade Funcional , Humanos , Extremidade Inferior/fisiologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Modalidades de Fisioterapia , Equilíbrio Postural/fisiologia , Prática Psicológica , Processos Estocásticos , Resultado do Tratamento , Percepção Visual , Adulto Jovem
19.
Appetite ; 107: 159-165, 2016 12 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27497834

RESUMO

The present study evaluates the effect of hyperbaric oxygen therapy on taste sensitivity, hedonic perception of taste, and food preferences. The studied groups included 197 people in total (79 in the study group; 118 in the control group). All patients from the study group were treated with hyperbaric oxygen therapy due to chronic non-healing wounds. The control group consisted of healthy people, who did not receive hyperbaric oxygen therapy. The taste intensity, recognition thresholds, and hedonic perception were examined using gustatory tests. The aqueous solutions of sucrose for sweet, sodium chloride for salty, citric acid for sour, quinine hydrochloride for bitter, and monosodium glutamate for umami taste were used. The participants fulfilled the questionnaire to examine pleasure derived from eating certain types of dishes. Gustatory tests and analyses of the pleasure derived from eating in the study group were carried out before the first exposure to hyperbaric oxygen and then at the end of therapy, after at least 25 sessions of treatment. In the control group, examination of perception of taste sensations was conducted only once. The results of comparing patients with non-healing wounds with healthy people are characterized by reduced taste sensitivity. After participation in hyperbaric oxygen therapy, the improvement in perception of taste sensations and changes in hedonic evaluation have occurred among patients with non-healing wounds. In terms of food preference, a decreased desire for eating sweet desserts, chocolate, and crisps was observed in those patients who received hyperbaric oxygen therapy.


Assuntos
Percepção Gustatória , Paladar , Adulto , Idoso , Índice de Massa Corporal , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Doença Crônica , Ácido Cítrico/administração & dosagem , Feminino , Preferências Alimentares , Humanos , Oxigenação Hiperbárica , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prazer , Quinina/administração & dosagem , Cloreto de Sódio/administração & dosagem , Glutamato de Sódio/administração & dosagem , Sacarose/administração & dosagem , Inquéritos e Questionários , Cicatrização
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