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1.
J Telemed Telecare ; : 1357633X20963935, 2020 Oct 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33070689

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The demand for specialty care is rising worldwide. In the state of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil, more than 150,000 people were waiting for specialist consultations in 2013. A telemedicine programme (RegulaSUS) developed referral protocols, audited waitlisted cases, authorised/prioritised referrals by risk and discuss deferred cases primary-care physician. This study assesses the effectiveness of RegulaSUS. METHODS: A retrospective cohort analysis with contemporaneous controls was performed from June 2014 to June 2016. Six medical specialties included in RegulaSUS (50,185 patients) were compared to 50,124 control patients waitlisted according to the usual routine (scheduled for specialty consultation at the next available date). The groups were matched (1:1) by semester and year of waitlisting and by the specialty demand-to-supply ratio. Primary outcomes were referral-to-consultation time and number of waitlisted patients. RESULTS: The mean referral-to-consultation time was 584.8 days in the intervention group and 607.0 days in controls (p<0.001). For specialties regulated by RegulaSUS, the mean referral-to-consultation time was 237.6 days for higher-risk patients. At the end of the observation, 26,708 control patients had been unlisted compared to 31,050 patients in the intervention group (reduction of 53.5% vs. 61.9%, respectively; p<0.001). The number of cancelled referrals was lower in the control group (n=14,403; 28.7%) than in the intervention group (n=16,387; 32.7%; p<0.001). DISCUSSION: Telemedicine support for primary care effectively decreased the time to specialty consultation, reduced the number of waitlisted patients and allowed sicker patients to reach a specialist faster.

4.
Rev Bras Epidemiol ; 23: e200076, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32638849

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To test the factorial validity and reliability of the Primary Care Assessment Tool adapted to Oral Health, adult patient version, an instrument used to verify the presence and extent of attributes in Primary Health Care services. METHODS: Population-based cross-sectional study using conglomerate random sample carried out in Primary Health Care Dental services in Porto Alegre between 2011 and 2013. We interviewed 407 adult patients who used Primary Health Care Dental services. Construct validity was tested through factorial validity and reliability of the Primary Care Assessment Tool, that comprises 81 items distributed throughout Primary Health Care attributes. Equamax orthogonal rotation method was used in the factorial analysis; and, in order to assess reliability of each component, we used the item-total correlation and the ratio of success of the scale. RESULTS: In the factorial analysis, 10 factors were retained, explaining 53.3% of the total variation. This result demonstrates the multidimensional structure of the instrument. The reliability assessment showed Cronbach's alpha values ranging from 0.39 to 0.89. For the success of the scale most of the results (eight of nine attributes) were greater than 85%. CONCLUSIONS: The instrument is valid for the assessment of oral health services in Primary Health Care from the perspective of adult patients, as well as for monitoring and evaluation of oral health services in Primary Health Care attributes and comparative studies.


Assuntos
Serviços de Saúde Bucal , Pesquisas sobre Serviços de Saúde , Atenção Primária à Saúde , Adulto , Brasil , Estudos Transversais , Análise Fatorial , Humanos , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
5.
Eye (Lond) ; 2020 Jun 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32555520

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study evaluates the quality of ophthalmic images acquired by a nurse technician trained in teleophthalmology as compared with images acquired by an ophthalmologist, in order to provide a better understanding of the workforce necessary to operate remote care programs. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was performed on 2044 images obtained from 118 participants of the TeleOftalmo project, in Brazil. Fundus and slit-lamp photography were performed on site by an ophthalmologist and by a nurse technician under the supervision of a remote ophthalmologist. Image quality was then evaluated by masked ophthalmologists. Proportion of suitable images in each group was compared. RESULTS: The proportion of concordant classification regarding quality was 94.8%, with a corrected kappa agreement of 0.94. When analyzing each type of photo separately, there was no significant difference in the proportion of suitable images between on-site ophthalmologist and nurse technician with remote ophthalmologist assistance for the following: slit-lamp views of the anterior segment and anterior chamber periphery, and fundus photographs centered on the macula and on the optic disc (P = 0.825, P = 0.997, P = 0.194, and P = 0.449, respectively). For slit-lamp views of the lens, the proportion of suitable images was higher among those obtained by an ophthalmologist (99.6%) than by a technician (93.8%, P < 0.01). CONCLUSIONS: Ophthalmic photographs acquired by a trained technician consistently achieved >90% adequacy for remote reading. Compared with ophthalmologist-acquired photos, the proportion of images deemed suitable achieved a high overall agreement. These findings provide favorable evidence of the adequacy of teleophthalmological imaging by nurse technicians.

6.
Cien Saude Colet ; 25(suppl 1): 2493-2497, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Português, Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32520294

RESUMO

The Ministry of Health, through the Primary Health Care Secretariat and in partnership with the Secretariat of Health Surveillance, built and implemented Primary Health Care (PHC) strategies within the scope of support to local managers and in partnership with the National Health Secretaries Council (CONASS) and the National Municipal Health Secretariats Council (CONASEMS) to combat COVID-19. These actions have PHC as the main responsible for several areas and physical, human, and financial resources, as well as allow boosting national progress towards the use of information and communication technologies and new partnerships for conducting research.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle , Atenção Primária à Saúde/organização & administração , Brasil , Infecções por Coronavirus/diagnóstico , Bases de Dados Factuais , Governo Federal , Humanos , Influenza Humana/diagnóstico , Pneumonia Viral/diagnóstico , Telemedicina
9.
Cien Saude Colet ; 25(4): 1313-1326, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Português, Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32267434

RESUMO

More than 30 years into the anniversary of the Unified Health System (SUS), 40 years after Alma-Ata, and soon after the Astana Conference, the Brazilian Ministry of Health proposes several strategies to strengthen PHC with the creation of the Primary Health Care Secretariat (SAPS). This paper presents the process of developing the national PHC service portfolio, one of the strategies developed by SAPS to strengthen the PHC clinic, and the challenges for the expansion of comprehensive care in the actions developed by the Family Health and Oral Health teams. After the public consultation, from a total of 209 initially listed actions and procedures, including incorporations and exclusions, 210 items were defined, including the actions planned for the integration between primary care and health surveillance. We emphasize that the national portfolio model can be adapted to the reality and municipal context in each of the federation units, including considering the availability of the local care network.

10.
Cien Saude Colet ; 25(4): 1361-1374, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Português, Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32267438

RESUMO

This paper aims to present a debate on the new Brazilian Primary Health Care (PHC) funding policy. We consulted the national and international literature, and we involved municipal, state, and federal PHC managers to develop the payment method. The proposed final model is based on weighted capitation, payment-for-performance, and incentive for strategic actions. Capitation is weighted by the socioeconomic vulnerability, demographic aspects, and municipal adjustment, the payment-for-performance consists of an entire set of 21 indicators, and incentives for strategic actions were facilitated from the maintenance of some specific programs. The results of the simulations pointed to low registration (90 million Brazilians) for the currently estimated coverage (148,674,300 Brazilians). Moreover, they showed an immediate increase in financial resources for 4,200 Brazilian municipalities. We observed that the funding proposal brings Brazilian PHC into the 21st century, points to the strengthening of PHC attributes, and materializes the principles of universality and equity of the Unified Health System.

11.
Cien Saude Colet ; 25(4): 1401-1412, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Português, Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32267441

RESUMO

Five new challenges were brought to the federal management of SUS from the establishment of the Primary Health Care Secretariat (SAPS) in May 2019, as follows: a) to expand people's access to health facilities; b) to define a new financing model from health outcomes and efficiency; c) to define a new model of provision and training of family and community doctors for remote areas; d) to strengthen clinic and multi-professional teamwork; e) to expand computerization of health facilities and use of electronic medical records. This essay discusses these elements in light of a new evaluation model that also guides a new process of financing the Brazilian Primary Health Care (PHC). It builds on the correction of distributive distortions, and also seeks to guide greater effectiveness and efficiency in public investment and quality of service provided to the population. The proposal for a new PHC evaluation and financing model was elaborated through studies of the best international examples and discussion with representatives of the National Council of State Health Secretaries (CONASS) and the National Council of Municipal Health Secretaries (CONASEMS), and with technical support from the World Bank.

12.
PLoS One ; 15(4): e0231034, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32240268

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To determine whether teleophthalmology can help physicians in assessing and managing eye conditions and to ascertain which clinical conditions can be addressed by teleophthalmology in primary care setting. METHODS: We evaluated the resolution capacity of TeleOftalmo, strategy implemented in the public health system of southern Brazil. Resolution capacity was defined as the ability to fully address patients' eye complaints in primary care with remote assistance from ophthalmologists. Data from tele-eye reports were collected over 14 months. Resolution capacity was compared across different age groups and different ocular conditions. RESULTS: Overall, 8,142 patients had a tele-eye report issued in the study period. Resolution capacity was achieved in 5,748 (70.6%) patients. When stratified into age groups, the lowest capacity was 43.1% among subjects aged ≥65 years, while the highest was 89.7% among subjects aged 13-17 years (p<0.001). Refractive error (70.3%) and presbyopia (56.3%) were the most prevalent conditions followed by cataract (12.4%) and suspected glaucoma (7.6%). Resolution capacity was higher in cases of refractive error, presbyopia, spasm of accommodation and lid disorders than in patients diagnosed with other condition (p<0.001). CONCLUSIONS: With telemedicine support, primary care physicians solved over two-thirds of patients' eye or vision complaints. Refractive errors had high case resolution rates, thus having a great impact on reducing the number of referrals to specialty care. Teleophthalmology adoption in primary-care settings as part of the workup of patients with eye or vision complaints promotes a more effective use of specialty centers and will hopefully reduce waiting times for specialty referral.


Assuntos
Catarata/diagnóstico , Hipertensão Ocular/diagnóstico , Administração Oftálmica , Adolescente , Adulto , Brasil , Criança , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Oftalmologia/métodos , Médicos de Atenção Primária , Atenção Primária à Saúde , Encaminhamento e Consulta , Erros de Refração/diagnóstico , Telemedicina , Acuidade Visual/fisiologia , Adulto Jovem
13.
Fam Pract ; 37(5): 648-654, 2020 Oct 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32297637

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Primary health care (PHC) delivery in Brazil has improved in the last decades. However, it remains unknown whether the Family Health Strategy teams are meeting the health needs of the population. OBJECTIVES: To describe the reasons for encounter (RFEs) in PHC in Brazil and to examine variations in RFEs according to sex, age and geographic region. METHODS: This descriptive study is part of a national cross-sectional study conducted in 2016. The sample was stratified by the number of PHC physicians per geographic region. Physicians who had been working for at least 1 year in the same PHC unit were included. For every participating physician, 12 patients aged ≥18 years who had attended at least two encounters were included. Patients were asked about their RFEs, which were classified according to the International Classification of Primary Care. RESULTS: In 6160 encounters, a total of 8046 RFEs were coded. Seven reasons accounted for 50% of all RFEs. There was a high frequency of codes related to test results, medication renewal and preventive medicine. RFEs did not vary significantly by sex or geographic region, but they did by age group (P < 0.001). The rates of prescriptions, requests for investigations and referrals to specialized care were 71.1%, 42.8%, and 21.3%, respectively. CONCLUSION: This novel study opened the 'black box' of RFEs in PHC in Brazil. These findings can contribute to redefining the scope of PHC services and reorienting work practices in order to improve the quality of PHC in Brazil.

14.
Preprint em Português | SciELO Preprints | ID: pps-231

RESUMO

The Ministry of Health, through the Secretariat of Primary Health Care and in partnership with the Secretariat of Health Surveillance, built and implemented strategies of Primary Health Care (PHC) within the scope of support to local managers and in partnership with the Council National Secretary of State (CONASS) and Municipal Health (CONASEMS) to combat COVID-19. These actions have PHC as the main responsible for several areas and physical, human and financial resources, as well as allowing to boost national progress towards the use of information and communication technologies and new partnerships for conducting research.


El Ministerio de Salud, a través de la Secretaría de Atención Primaria de Salud y en asociación con la Secretaría de Vigilancia Sanitaria, elaboró ​​e implementó estrategias de Atención Primaria de Salud (APS) dentro del alcance del apoyo a los gerentes locales y en asociación con la Secretaría Consejo Nacional de Salud Estado (CONASS) y Salud Municipal (CONASEMS) para combatir COVID-19. Estas acciones tienen a PHC como el principal responsable de varias áreas y recursos físicos, humanos y financieros, además de promover el progreso nacional en el uso de tecnologías de información y comunicación y nuevas alianzas para realizar investigaciones.


O Ministério da Saúde, por intermédio da Secretaria de Atenção Primária à Saúde e em parceria com a Secretaria de Vigilância em Saúde construiu e implementou estratégias da Atenção Primária à Saúde (APS) no âmbito do apoio aos gestores locais e em articulação com o Conselho Nacional de Secretários Estaduais (CONASS) e Municipais de Saúde (CONASEMS) para o combate ao COVID-19. Essas ações têm a APS como a grande responsável por diversas áreas e recursos físicos, humanos e financeiros, assim como permite impulsionar o avanço nacional para o uso de tecnologias de informação e comunicação e novas parcerias para realização de pesquisas.

15.
Ciênc. Saúde Colet ; 25(4): 1401-1412, abr. 2020. tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-1089525

RESUMO

Resumo A partir da criação de uma Secretaria de Atenção Primária à Saúde (SAPS) no Ministério da Saúde em maio de 2019, cinco novos desafios foram trazidos para a gestão federal do SUS: a) ampliação do acesso da população às unidades de saúde da família, b) definição de um novo modelo de financiamento baseado em resultados em saúde e eficiência, c) definição de um novo modelo de provimento e formação de médicos de família e comunidade para áreas remotas, d) fortalecimento da clínica e do trabalho em equipe multiprofissional, e) ampliação da informatização das unidades de saúde e uso de prontuário eletrônico. Esse ensaio discute esses elementos à luz de um novo modelo avaliativo que, ao mesmo tempo, seja capaz de orientar o novo processo de financiamento da Atenção Primária à Saúde (APS) no Brasil. Este baseia-se na correção de distorções distributivas e também busca orientar maior efetividade e eficiência no investimento público e qualidade do serviço prestado à população. Através de estudos dos melhores exemplos internacionais e discussão com os representantes do Conselho Nacional de Secretários Estaduais de Saúde (CONASS) e do Conselho Nacional dos Secretários Municipais de Saúde (CONASEMS) e com apoio técnico do Banco Mundial, foi elaborada a proposta de novo modelo avaliativo e de financiamento da APS.


Abstract Five new challenges were brought to the federal management of SUS from the establishment of the Primary Health Care Secretariat (SAPS) in May 2019, as follows: a) to expand people's access to health facilities; b) to define a new financing model from health outcomes and efficiency; c) to define a new model of provision and training of family and community doctors for remote areas; d) to strengthen clinic and multi-professional teamwork; e) to expand computerization of health facilities and use of electronic medical records. This essay discusses these elements in light of a new evaluation model that also guides a new process of financing the Brazilian Primary Health Care (PHC). It builds on the correction of distributive distortions, and also seeks to guide greater effectiveness and efficiency in public investment and quality of service provided to the population. The proposal for a new PHC evaluation and financing model was elaborated through studies of the best international examples and discussion with representatives of the National Council of State Health Secretaries (CONASS) and the National Council of Municipal Health Secretaries (CONASEMS), and with technical support from the World Bank.


Assuntos
Humanos , Atenção Primária à Saúde/economia , Atenção Primária à Saúde/legislação & jurisprudência , Atenção Primária à Saúde/organização & administração , Programas Governamentais/economia , Programas Governamentais/legislação & jurisprudência , Implementação de Plano de Saúde/economia , Implementação de Plano de Saúde/legislação & jurisprudência , Acesso aos Serviços de Saúde/economia , Acesso aos Serviços de Saúde/legislação & jurisprudência , Acesso aos Serviços de Saúde/organização & administração , Reembolso de Incentivo , Brasil , Cobertura Universal do Seguro de Saúde
16.
Ciênc. Saúde Colet ; 25(4): 1313-1326, abr. 2020. tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-1089509

RESUMO

Resumo Ao ultrapassarmos os 30 anos do Sistema Único de Saúde (SUS), após 40 anos de Alma-Ata e logo após a Conferência de Astana, o Ministério da Saúde do Brasil propõe diversas estratégias de fortalecimento da APS com a criação da Secretaria de Atenção Primária à Saúde (SAPS). Este artigo apresenta o processo de desenvolvimento da carteira nacional de serviços para a APS, uma das estratégias desenvolvidas pela SAPS para fortalecimento da clínica na APS, e os desafios para a ampliação da integralidade do cuidado nas ações desenvolvidas pelas equipes de Saúde da Família e Saúde Bucal. Após a consulta pública, de um total de 209 ações e procedimentos inicialmente listados, entre incorporações e exclusões, foram definidos 210 itens, incluindo as ações previstas para a integração entre atenção primária e vigilância em saúde. Ressaltamos que o modelo da carteira nacional pode ser adaptado à realidade e contexto municipal em cada uma das unidades da federação, inclusive considerando a disponibilidade da rede de atenção local.


Abstract More than 30 years into the anniversary of the Unified Health System (SUS), 40 years after Alma-Ata, and soon after the Astana Conference, the Brazilian Ministry of Health proposes several strategies to strengthen PHC with the creation of the Primary Health Care Secretariat (SAPS). This paper presents the process of developing the national PHC service portfolio, one of the strategies developed by SAPS to strengthen the PHC clinic, and the challenges for the expansion of comprehensive care in the actions developed by the Family Health and Oral Health teams. After the public consultation, from a total of 209 initially listed actions and procedures, including incorporations and exclusions, 210 items were defined, including the actions planned for the integration between primary care and health surveillance. We emphasize that the national portfolio model can be adapted to the reality and municipal context in each of the federation units, including considering the availability of the local care network.


Assuntos
Humanos , Atenção Primária à Saúde/organização & administração , Saúde Bucal , Saúde da Família , Acesso aos Serviços de Saúde/organização & administração , Brasil , Guias como Assunto , Assistência Centrada no Paciente/organização & administração , Pesquisa sobre Serviços de Saúde/organização & administração
18.
Ciênc. Saúde Colet ; 25(4): 1361-1374, abr. 2020. tab, graf
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-1089507

RESUMO

Resumo O objetivo desse artigo é apresentar um debate sobre a nova política de financiamento para Atenção Primária à Saúde (APS) no Brasil. Para desenvolvimento do método de pagamento foi realizado consulta da literatura nacional e internacional, além do envolvimento de gestores municipais, estaduais e federais da APS. O modelo final proposto é baseado em Capitação ponderada; Pagamento por desempenho; Incentivo para Ações Estratégicas. A capitação é ponderada por vulnerabilidade socioeconômica, aspectos demográficos e ajuste municipal, o pagamento por desempenho composto por um conjunto total de 21 indicadores e incentivos a ações estratégicas foi possível a partir da manutenção de alguns programas específicos. Os resultados das simulações apontaram para um baixo cadastro (90 milhões de brasileiros) para a cobertura estimada atual (148.674.300 milhões de brasileiros). Além disso, demonstraram um incremento imediato de recursos financeiros para 4.200 municípios brasileiros. Observa-se que a proposta do financiamento traz a APS brasileira para o século XXI, aponta para o fortalecimento dos atributos da APS e torna concreto os princípios de universalidade e equidade do Sistema Único de Saúde.


Abstract This paper aims to present a debate on the new Brazilian Primary Health Care (PHC) funding policy. We consulted the national and international literature, and we involved municipal, state, and federal PHC managers to develop the payment method. The proposed final model is based on weighted capitation, payment-for-performance, and incentive for strategic actions. Capitation is weighted by the socioeconomic vulnerability, demographic aspects, and municipal adjustment, the payment-for-performance consists of an entire set of 21 indicators, and incentives for strategic actions were facilitated from the maintenance of some specific programs. The results of the simulations pointed to low registration (90 million Brazilians) for the currently estimated coverage (148,674,300 Brazilians). Moreover, they showed an immediate increase in financial resources for 4,200 Brazilian municipalities. We observed that the funding proposal brings Brazilian PHC into the 21st century, points to the strengthening of PHC attributes, and materializes the principles of universality and equity of the Unified Health System.


Assuntos
Humanos , Atenção Primária à Saúde/economia , Reembolso de Incentivo , Capitação , Financiamento Governamental/legislação & jurisprudência , Programas Nacionais de Saúde/economia , Brasil , Programas Nacionais de Saúde/legislação & jurisprudência
19.
J Telemed Telecare ; : 1357633X20906648, 2020 Mar 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32188310

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Evidence of telehealth for chronic disease management is scarce and contradictory. OBJECTIVES: We aimed to evaluate the safety and efficacy of teleconsultations as support in the care transition of patients with stable coronary artery disease (CAD) from tertiary to primary care. METHODS: A randomized noninferiority clinical trial was undertaken in patients with CAD from a tertiary hospital in a middle-income country. Patients with functional angina class 1 or 2 and meeting discharge criteria were randomized to remain in the cardiology outpatient clinic for 12 months (control group, CG) or continue follow-up in a primary care unit with clinical support via telemedicine (intervention group, IG). The primary outcome was the maintenance of the functional angina class after 12 months. Secondary outcomes included control of risk factors and clinical outcomes. RESULTS: In total 271 patients (mean age, 66 years) were included; 81.1% and 91% of the IG and CG, respectively, maintained stable angina symptoms, thus noninferiority could not be shown between the groups. Regarding emergency room visits at 1 year, the IG (7.6%) was noninferior to the CG (6.0%) (absolute difference, 1.6%; noninferiority margin (NIM), -4.8% to 8.2%). For control of risk factors, 30.7% and 29.6% of the IG and CG, respectively, had blood pressure <130/80 mmHg (absolute difference, 1.1%; NIM, -10.5% to 12.8%), and 48.9% and 33.3% of diabetic patients in the IG and CG, respectively, had glycated haemoglobin <7% (absolute difference, 15.6%; NIM, -6.8% to 36%). CONCLUSIONS: In our study, the difference in the patients' angina functional class did not result in greater seeking of emergency care, supporting that discharge from the outpatient clinic with telemedicine is safe for patients with stable CAD treated at the tertiary level. The control of risk factors in these patients was noninferior to patients followed up in primary care. ClinicalTrials.gov (NCT02489565).

20.
Braz Oral Res ; 34: e011, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32130361

RESUMO

Telehealth has been applied in the Unified Health System (SUS) as a tool for qualifying professionals and improving the healthcare provided to the population served by the system. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the impact of teleconsultations on the qualifications of the clinical approach of the oral health teams involved in primary health care (PHC) in the state of Rio Grande do Sul under the Telehealth Brazil Networks Programme. The sample population of the study was composed of 285 dentists and 132 oral health assistants belonging to the Family Health Teams. A chi-square test was used to investigate possible associations between the absolute number of teleconsultations performed and several independent variables, namely, gender, age, dental specialty, time since graduation, time working in the Family Health Strategy (FHS), employment status, type of training institution, familiarity with information technology, and work satisfaction at the health facility. The level of significance was p < 0.05. Use of the oral health teleconsultation service led to a reduction of more than 45% in the number of referrals to other levels of care. However, no significant association was found between the number of teleconsultations and the independent variables analysed. The use of teleconsultations proved to be a powerful tool for professional training, for increasing the effectiveness of PHC, and for improving the oral healthcare provided.


Assuntos
Recursos Humanos em Odontologia/estatística & dados numéricos , Odontólogos/estatística & dados numéricos , Atenção Primária à Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Avaliação de Programas e Projetos de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Telemedicina/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto , Brasil , Estudos Transversais , Assistência Odontológica/estatística & dados numéricos , Serviços de Saúde Bucal/normas , Recursos Humanos em Odontologia/educação , Odontólogos/educação , Educação a Distância/métodos , Educação a Distância/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Saúde Bucal , Atenção Primária à Saúde/métodos , Valores de Referência , Inquéritos e Questionários , Telemedicina/métodos , Fatores de Tempo
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