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1.
BMC Pregnancy Childbirth ; 19(1): 463, 2019 Dec 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31795984

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Nutritional status of women during pregnancy has been considered an important prognostic indicator of pregnancy outcomes. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the pattern of gestational weight gain (GWG) and gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) and their risk factors among a cohort of Emirati and Arab women residing in the United Arab Emirates (UAE). A secondary objective was to investigate pre-pregnancy body mass index (BMI) and its socio-demographic correlates among study participants. METHODS: Data of 256 pregnant women participating in the cohort study, the Mother-Infant Study Cohort (MISC) were used in this study. Healthy pregnant mothers with no history of chronic diseases were interviewed during their third trimester in different hospitals in UAE. Data were collected using interviewer-administered multi-component questionnaires addressing maternal sociodemographic and lifestyle characteristics. Maternal weight, weight gain, and GDM were recorded from the hospital medical records. RESULTS: Among the study participants, 71.1% had inadequate GWG: 31.6% insufficient and 39.5% excessive GWG. 19.1% reported having GDM and more than half of the participants (59.4%) had a pre-pregnancy BMI ≥ 25 kg/m2. The findings of the multiple multinomial logistic regression showed that multiparous women had decreased odds of excessive gain as compared to primiparous [odds ratio (OR): 0.17; 95% CI: 0.05-0.54]. Furthermore, women with a pre-pregnancy BMI ≥ 25 kg/m2 had increased odds of excessive gain (OR: 2.23; 95%CI: 1.00-5.10) as compared to those with pre-pregnancy BMI < 25 kg/m2. Similarly, women who had a pre-pregnancy BMI ≥ 25 kg/m2 were at higher risk of having GDM (OR: 2.37; 95%CI: 1.10-5.12). As for the associations of women's characteristics with pre-pregnancy BMI, age and regular breakfast consumption level were significant predictors of higher pre-pregnancy BMI. CONCLUSIONS: This study revealed alarming prevalence rates of inadequate, mainly excessive, GWG and GDM among the MISC participants. Pre-pregnancy BMI was found a risk factor for both of these conditions (GWG and GDM). In addition, age and regular breakfast consumption were significant determinants of pre-pregnancy BMI. Healthcare providers are encouraged to counsel pregnant women to maintain normal body weight before and throughout pregnancy by advocating healthy eating and increased physical activity in order to reduce the risk of excessive weight gain and its associated complications.

2.
Clin Oral Investig ; 2019 Nov 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31680206

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Recurrent aphthous stomatitis (RAS) represents a dysfunction in focal inflammatory processes. With the emerging anti-inflammatory roles of vitamin D (VD), we wanted to investigate the association between the onset and severity of RAS and serum VD level. METHODS: Fifty-two RAS cases and sex and age-matched controls were screened for serum iron, B12, folic acid, VD and red cell indices. Variables were compared using independent samples t test and chi square. Binary logistic regression was used to assess the association between the severity of RAS and various hematinic deficiencies. RESULTS: VD was deficient in 53% of the study population with no statistically significant difference between the RAS patients and healthy controls (53.6 versus 51.5 nmol/l, respectively). In comparison with controls, RAS patients had lower means of iron (81.0 versus 89.3 µg/dl), vitamin B12 (368.5 versus 412.7 pg ml) and most of the red cell indices; however, these differences were not statistically significant. No correlations were seen between RAS severity assessed by ulcer diameter, number of ulcers and their frequency and hematinic deficiencies. However, logistic regression showed a significant association between the number of ulcers (single or multiple) and VD deficiency (OR 4.978; 95% CI 1.204-20.576; p value = 0.027), adjusted for age, sex and other hematinics. CONCLUSIONS: VD deficiency appears to have a role in aggravating RAS ulcerative episodes, but not their onset. CLINICAL RELEVANCE: Multiple aphthous ulcers might represent a subcategory of RAS lesions in which VD deficiency plays a role in aggravating the oral ulcerative condition.

3.
Nutrients ; 11(10)2019 Oct 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31597293

RESUMO

Human milk oligosaccharides (HMOs), phospholipids (PLs), and gangliosides (GAs) are components of human breast milk that play important roles in the development of the rapidly growing infant. The differences in these components in human milk from the United Arab Emirates (UAE) were studied in a cross-sectional trial. High-performance liquid chromatography‒mass spectrometry was used to determine HMO, PL, and GA concentrations in transitional (5-15 days) and mature (at 6 months post-partum) breast milk of mothers of the United Arab Emirates (UAE). The results showed that the average HMO (12 species), PL (7 species), and GA (2 species) concentrations quantified in the UAE mothers' transitional milk samples were (in mg/L) 8204 ± 2389, 269 ± 89, and 21.18 ± 11.46, respectively, while in mature milk, the respective concentrations were (in mg/L) 3905 ± 1466, 220 ± 85, and 20.18 ± 9.75. The individual HMO concentrations measured in this study were all significantly higher in transitional milk than in mature milk, except for 3 fucosyllactose, which was higher in mature milk. In this study, secretor and non-secretor phenotype mothers showed no significant difference in the total HMO concentration. For the PL and GA components, changes in the individual PL and GA species distribution was observed between transitional milk and mature milk. However, the changes were within the ranges found in human milk from other regions.

4.
Prensa méd. argent ; 105(10): 693-699, oct 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1025972

RESUMO

Aim: To evaluate the effects of increasing BMI on the Respiratory function. Introduction: There is a worldwide increasing prevalence of overweihgt and obesity. Researchers have found that obesity affects the respiratory function leading to different respiratory medical illnesses, including asthma and obstructive deep apnea. The effect of obesity on the pulmonary functiion is assisted using different anthropometric measurements, like BMI, waist circumference, skin fold, etc. So the aim of this study is to evaluate the effect of increasing BMI on different respiratory function test measures. Methods: 23 adult males with BMI of 25 and above were included in the study and compared with 18 normal weight adult males with BMI of (18-24.99) regarding different measures of PFT like: FVC, FEV1, PEFR and FEF. Results: no significant difference was found between the two groupsñ. Conclusions: there were no effects of increasing BMI on the respiratory functions


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Testes de Função Respiratória , Índice de Massa Corporal , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Estudos Transversais , Obesidade/diagnóstico
5.
Diabetes Metab Syndr ; 13(4): 2541-2547, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31405674

RESUMO

AIM: Oxidative stress (OS) plays a major role in pathogenic mechanisms associated with metabolic syndrome (Mets) yet the main component of Mets contributing most to OS is not well elucidated. Hence, the aim of this study was to investigate the oxidative-antioxidative status in Mets subjects and to determine the main predicting component of OS. METHODS: Anthropometric measures, fasting blood glucose, lipid profile, antioxidant enzymes [catalase, superoxide dismutase (SOD) and glutathione peroxidase (GPx)], reduced glutathione (GSH), malondialdehyde (MDA) and protein carbonyl were assessed in 172 adult UAE residents. International Diabetes Federation criteria were used for Mets diagnosis. Mets Scores (0-5) were calculated and assigned per subject based on number of components. RESULTS: Of all participants, 22.1% had Mets and 49.4% had large waist circumference (WC). Significant lower levels of catalase, SOD, GPx and GSH, and higher levels of MDA and protein carbonyl were observed in subjects with Mets. In addition, catalase, SOD, GPx, and GSH correlated negatively, while MDA and protein carbonyl correlated positively with almost all Mets components. Similar trend of correlations was noticed with Mets Scores. When adjusted for age and gender, linear regression analysis revealed that subjects with large WC demonstrated significantly lower levels of antioxidative enzymes and GSH, and higher levels of MDA and protein carbonyl. Consequently, WC emerged as the best predictor of OS. CONCLUSIONS: The degree of OS is dependent on the Mets Scores, and WC contributes independently to increased OS among adults in UAE.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores/análise , Índice de Massa Corporal , Síndrome Metabólica/sangue , Síndrome Metabólica/epidemiologia , Estresse Oxidativo , Circunferência da Cintura , Adulto , Antioxidantes/metabolismo , Pressão Sanguínea , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Seguimentos , Glutationa Peroxidase/sangue , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Malondialdeído/sangue , Síndrome Metabólica/fisiopatologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Superóxido Dismutase/sangue , Emirados Árabes Unidos/epidemiologia , Adulto Jovem
6.
J Community Health ; 44(6): 1135-1140, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31273622

RESUMO

The use of dietary supplements (DS) is increasing worldwide, however, there are limited studies examining the characteristics of people who take supplements in the United Arab Emirates. To examine the use of DS and their association with sociodemographic/lifestyle factors among college students in the UAE. A cross-sectional study conducted on 452 (18 to 24 years) college students (247 females and 205 males). A self-administered questionnaire that included sociodemographic and lifestyle characteristics, DS use, attitudes, and behavior was used. The prevalence of DS users was 35.6%. Dietary supplement use was significantly more among males than females (P = 0.008). The males preferred protein supplements (29.4%), while females consumed multivitamin and mineral supplements. Dietary supplement use was related to physical activity and the existence of a health problem. Males took DS for medical needs and to increase their muscle mass while females took them for medical needs (P = 0.001). While there a was significant difference between DS users and non-users related to knowledge (P = 0.000). The majority of DS users agreed that supplements are essential for health (68.3%) and only 39.8% agreed it was safe to use. Dietary supplement users source of information was health care providers (30.5%) followed by social media (22.2%). The prevalence of supplement use among college students was moderate among college students in the UAE. The results draw the attention for increasing public awareness about the DS appropriate use and safety from reliable sources so they could make more informed choices.

7.
Diabetes Res Clin Pract ; 153: 166-175, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31150725

RESUMO

AIM: Excessive visceral adiposity is a major risk factor for developing insulin resistance and systemic low-grade inflammation. Ramadan diurnal fasting (RDF) is a religious ritual practiced by more than one billion Muslim throughout the world. It has been considered as one of the most common types of complementary and integrative health practices. The aim of this study is to examine the impact of RDF on visceral adiposity, circulating adipokines and glucoregulatory markers in patients with overweight or obesity. METHODS: Overweight and obese subjects (n = 61; 23 men and 38 women) were included in the study. Body weight, visceral fat tissue area (measured by 3D-MRI), glucoregulatory factors, serum adipokines concentrations, dietary intake, and physical activity were assessed one week before and at the end of the lunar month of Ramadan. RESULTS: From baseline, body weight and visceral fat tissue area serum total cholesterol, triglycerides, HDL-cholesterol, and systolic blood pressure significantly decreased (P < 0.05 for each) at the end of Ramadan. The serum levels of adiponectin, IL-6, TNF-α, and IGF-1 significantly decreased (P < 0.05 for each), but serum visfatin, leptin, apelin, IL-10, and IL-10/IL-6 ratio significantly increased (P < 0.05 for each) at the end of Ramadan. Changes in visceral adiposity significantly correlated with changes in plasma glucose (r = 0.4, P < 0.5) and resistin (r = 0.44, P < 0.001) at the end of Ramadan. CONCLUSION: RDF lowers visceral adiposity, body weight and variably affects adipokines without adversely affecting markers of glucose homeostasis in individuals with overweight or obesity.


Assuntos
Adipocinas/sangue , Adiposidade/fisiologia , Jejum , Obesidade/sangue , Sobrepeso/sangue , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Islamismo , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos
8.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31248063

RESUMO

The prevalence of Down syndrome (DS) in the United Arab Emirates (UAE) is high in comparison to the global statistics. The aim of this study is to assess the physical status, feeding problems, parent-child feeding relationship and weight outcome in children and adolescents with DS in the UAE. In this cross-sectional study, 83 individuals aged between 2-19 years with DS were recruited from three humanitarian centres for differently abled in the Emirates of Sharjah and Dubai, UAE. Socio-demographic characteristics; height, weight, BMI and body composition; feeding problems (STEP-CHILD screening tool); and parent-child feeding relationship (child feeding questionnaire-CFQ) were assessed. Correlations and regression analyses were used to determine the relationships and the best predictor of weight outcome (BMI) in DS participants. The median age of the participants was 9 (8) years. Fifty-five (66.3%) males and twenty-eight (33.7%) females constituted a sex ratio of 1.96:1. Five (6.2%) participants were short for their age, and 20.6% were overweight/obese compared to the growth charts for DS population. Body composition of females showed significantly higher percent body fat than males (25.5 (14.3)% vs. 18.2 (4.0)%, p = 0.03; 29.9 (2.8)% vs. 16.3 (12.2)%, p = 0.006) in 5-8.99 years and 12-19.99 years, respectively. The most common feeding difficulties on STEP-CHILD tool were food selectivity (62.2%), continued eating in the presence of food (57.7%) and swallowing without sufficient chewing (50%). Median score of total-CFQ for the parent-child feeding behaviour was 3.2 (1.9); parental restriction 3.3 (1.0); pressure to eat 3.0 (0.8); concern about child weight 3.7 (2.3). Parent-child feeding relationship was significantly positively correlated with feeding problems, and body weight of the participants. The best predictor for BMI was the parental concern about child weight (OR: 1.4, p = 0.02). The findings can be valuable for the health care professionals, parents and caretakers of children and adolescents with DS in emphasizing the need for regular monitoring of their physical status, and feeding behaviours. In addition, it reinforces the role of parents in mindfully managing their child feeding relationship in promoting healthy eating behaviours and weight of their youth with DS.


Assuntos
Síndrome de Down/epidemiologia , Comportamento Alimentar , Nível de Saúde , Sobrepeso/epidemiologia , Relações Pais-Filho , Adolescente , Índice de Massa Corporal , Peso Corporal , Pesos e Medidas Corporais , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Obesidade/epidemiologia , Prevalência , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Emirados Árabes Unidos/epidemiologia , Adulto Jovem
9.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31052368

RESUMO

The prevalence of obesity is increasing globally and is linked with poor body image perception. The aim of the present study was to identify the relationships of body image (BI) and body mass index (BMI) with weight control practices among university students. A cross-sectional study on a sample of 308 university students (150 males and 158 females) aged between 18 and 25 years was carried out. Face-to-face interviews were conducted based on a questionnaire that included socio-demographic, physical activity, the Figure Rating Scale (FRS) and body image dissatisfaction (BID) questions. The majority of the participants (81%: 58.2% females and 41.8% males) were dissatisfied with their BI. Females desired to lose weight and preferred diet to exercise, while males desired to gain weight and preferred exercise to diet (p < 0.001). About 56%, 39.5%, and 4.5% of the participants were normal, overweight/obese, and underweight, respectively. There was a significant, strong correlation (R2 = 0.84, p < 0.001) between perceived BMI and actual BMI. Actual BMI showed a significant strong correlation with the BID (r = 0.57, p < 0.001). The results highlighted the need to increase awareness of the importance of healthy eating behaviors and regular physical activities to improve body size, shape perception, and satisfaction among college males and females.


Assuntos
Índice de Massa Corporal , Universidades , Adolescente , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Adulto Jovem
10.
Diabetes Metab Syndr ; 13(1): 40-46, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30641732

RESUMO

AIMS: The United Arab Emirates (UAE) ranks as the fifth most obese country with increasing cardio-metabolic risks. In this paper, relationships of salivary adipocytokines (markers of cardio-metabolic syndrome), diet quality and physical activity in 90 normal-weight, overweight and obese (30 subjects in each group) Emirati adult females were investigated. METHODS: A cross-sectional research design was adopted. Anthropometric measurements, diet quality and physical activity questionnaires were administered. Overnight fasting saliva was collected to determine levels of adiponectin, interleukin-10 (IL-10) and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α). RESULTS: Salivary adiponectin was significantly lower, while TNF-α was higher in obese than normal-weight subjects. IL-10 displayed a lower trend in obese subjects. Though diet quality and physical activity did not exhibit significant differences among the three groups, better diet quality and higher physical activity level were reported among normal-weight subjects. Salivary TNF-α correlated positively with body mass index (BMI) (r = 0.37; p < 0.001) and waist circumference (r = 0.31; p < 0.001), while adiponectin correlated negatively with BMI (r = -0.28; p < 0.05). IL-10 showed negative trend in correlation with obesity measures. Correlations were not observed between diet quality and physical activity with salivary adipocytokines. Interestingly, a significant negative correlation emerged between diet quality and neck circumference (r = -0.24; p < 0.05). CONCLUSION: Our findings demonstrate that salivary adipocytokines correlate with obesity measures and can serve as convenient adjunct method in predicting cardio-metabolic risks in the population.


Assuntos
Adipocinas/metabolismo , Dieta , Exercício , Estado Nutricional , Obesidade/fisiopatologia , Saliva/metabolismo , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Obesidade/prevenção & controle , Emirados Árabes Unidos , Adulto Jovem
11.
J Craniofac Surg ; 2019 Dec 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31895847

RESUMO

To evaluate the ability of the maxillary sinus membrane to produce bone after internal sinus lifting and implant placement without adding exogenous bone graft, and to assess the quality of bone that has been produced 6 months postoperatively.In this retrospective study, 10 subjects who underwent maxillary sinus floor lifting and met the inclusion criteria were selected and then subdivided into: Group-A underwent internal sinus elevation and placement of implants without the use of bone graft and Group-B underwent classical internal sinus lifting and placement of bovine bone particles and then placement of the implant as a control group. Radiofrequency analysis (RFA) values for measuring the Implant Stability Quotient (ISQ) of all implants were measured by Osstell device. CBCT was performed involving linear measurements of the site of sinus lifting for both groups.High RFA values demonstrating excellent biomechanical stability were observed in Group-A compared to Group-B at 6 months postoperatively. Group-A showed a median of ISQ value;78 (8), 77(12), 79(3.5) and 77(4.50). Group-A was significantly higher in ISQ values than Group-B, which showed median and interquartile range (IQR) of ISQ value of [51(12.50), 54(14.50), 55(9), and 55(7.50)]. However, the amount of bone available in group B was significantly higher than group A; [3.5 mm (0.75) and 3.8 mm (0.69)].Internal sinus lifting without bone graft has the ability of bone formation by osteogenic potential of the sinus membrane. Nevertheless, the high quality of bone being produced is of high importance for the success of an implant without the need for an exogenous bone graft. The newly formed bone was significantly of a better quality in Group-A. Thus, it is recommended to perform internal sinus lifting, without adding bone graft material and allow the osteogenic potential of the maxillary sinus membrane to produce its own osteogenic cells.

12.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 97(50): e13618, 2018 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30558043

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: We conducted a systematic review to explore the United Arab Emirates (UAE)'s cancer-specific epidemiological profiles. METHODS: We followed the standardized methods for conducting and reporting systematic reviews. We employed a highly sensitive and extensive strategy to identify all studies on the prevalence and incidence of cancer in the UAE, searching electronic databases and the grey literature. We assessed the methodological quality of the studies, summarized them, and qualitatively analyzed their results. RESULTS: We included 4 retrospective studies published between 2003 and 2011, reporting data gathered between 1982 and 2004. The majority of the data were collected from national cancer registries and addressed adult Emiratis and certain cancer types. All included studies employed validated procedures for diagnostic confirmation. The overall age-standardized cancer rates were 70.1 and 74.2 per 100,000 in males and females, respectively. Lung, gastric, and prostate cancer ranked as the top 3 types in Emirati males; while breast, cervical, and thyroid cancer were the top 3 types in Emirati females. Men exhibited higher rates of lung and stomach cancers compared with women. The majority of the studies were of acceptable methodological quality. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings highlight the need for high-quality future research and systematic cancer data collection and registration to provide reliable data on the current incidence of cancer. We hope that our findings guide the tailoring of interventions aimed at curbing cancer rates in the UAE.


Assuntos
Neoplasias , Confiabilidade dos Dados , Humanos , Incidência , Neoplasias/classificação , Neoplasias/epidemiologia , Prevalência , Sistema de Registros/estatística & dados numéricos , Projetos de Pesquisa , Fatores de Risco , Emirados Árabes Unidos/epidemiologia
13.
PLoS One ; 13(5): e0198278, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29851999

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The United Arab Emirates (UAE) exhibits alarming high prevalence of Non-Communicable Diseases (NCDs) and their risk factors. Emerging evidence highlighted the role of maternal and early child nutrition in preventing later-onset NCDs. The objectives of this article are to describe the design and methodology of the first Mother and Infant Study Cohort (MISC) in UAE; present the baseline demographic characteristics of the study participants; and discuss the challenges of the cohort and their respective responding strategies. METHODS: The MISC is an ongoing two-year prospective cohort study which recruited Arab pregnant women in their third trimester from prenatal clinics in Dubai, Sharjah and Ajman. Participants will be interviewed six times (once during pregnancy, at delivery, and at 2, 6, 12 and 24months postpartum). Perinatal information is obtained from hospital records. Collected data include socio-demographic characteristics, lifestyle, dietary intake and anthropometry; infant feeding practices, cognitive development; along with maternal and infant blood profile and breast milk profile. RESULTS: The preliminary results reported that 256 completed baseline assessment (mean age: 30.5±6.0 years; 76.6% multiparous; about 60% were either overweight or obese before pregnancy). The prevalence of gestational diabetes was 19.2%. Upon delivery, 208 women-infant pairs were retained (mean gestational age: 38.5±1.5 weeks; 33.3% caesarean section delivery; 5.3% low birthweight; 5.7% macrosomic deliveries). Besides participant retention, the main encountered challenges pertained to cultural complexity, underestimation the necessary start-up time, staff, and costs, and biochemical data collection. CONCLUSIONS: Despite numerous methodological, logistical and sociocultural challenges, satisfactory follow-up rates are recorded. Strategies addressing challenges are documented, providing information for planning and implementing future birth cohort studies locally and internationally.


Assuntos
Estudos Epidemiológicos , Mães/estatística & dados numéricos , Doenças não Transmissíveis/epidemiologia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto , Antropometria , Estudos de Coortes , Dieta , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Estilo de Vida , Gravidez , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Adulto Jovem
14.
Int J Numer Method Biomed Eng ; 34(10): e3120, 2018 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29932495

RESUMO

Ageing plays a fundamental role in arterial blood transport and heat transfer within a human body. The aim of this work is to provide a comprehensive methodology, based on biomechanical considerations, for modelling arterial flow and energy exchange mechanisms in the body accounting for age-induced changes. The study outlines a framework for age-related modifications within several interlinked subsystems, which include arterial stiffening, heart contractility variations, tissue volume and property changes, and thermoregulatory system deterioration. Some of the proposed age-dependent governing equations are directly extrapolated from experimental data sets. The computational framework is demonstrated through numerical experiments, which show the impact of such age-related changes on arterial blood pressure, local temperature distribution, and global body thermal response. The proposed numerical experiments show that the age-related changes in arterial convection do not significantly affect the tissue temperature distribution. Results also highlight age-related effects on the sweating mechanism, which lead to a significant reduction in heat dissipation and a subsequent rise in skin and core temperatures.


Assuntos
Envelhecimento , Regulação da Temperatura Corporal/fisiologia , Modelos Teóricos , Fluxo Sanguíneo Regional/fisiologia , Artérias/fisiologia , Humanos , Sudorese , Vasoconstrição
15.
Asia Pac J Clin Nutr ; 27(3): 695-700, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29737819

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Eating disorders (ED) can be influenced by psychological and socio-cultural factors. The aim of this study was to explore the association between parental and media influences and body image concerns as factors in the onset of ED. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 662 students (407 women and 255 men) attending one of three universities in United Arab Emirates (UAE). The study employed an online self-administered questionnaire with validated scales: Eating Attitudes Test-26 (EAT-26), Body Shape Questionnaire (BSQ), Media Influences Scale, and Family Influences Scale (FIS). RESULTS: About 33% of the sample had EAT- 26 scores >=20 and 45% showed mild to marked concerns about their body shape. Women students were significantly more concerned about their shape, and more influenced by media than men. There were significant differences in the means of all scores, except for media influence, among the four BMI groups. The EAT-26 score showed strongest correlation with BSQ (r=0.48), followed by FIS, Media and BMI (r=0.419, r=0.276 and r=0.18 respectively). The BSQ was the best predictor of ED and was inversely associated with the EAT-26 score (B=-1.51, OR=0.219, 95% CI: 0.152-0.316, p<0.001). CONCLUSIONS: The findings of this study indicate that ED and body shape concerns are highly prevalent among the university student sample, and highlight the strong influence that both the media and families exert on the development of ED among young adults. These findings provide baseline data for future longitudinal studies to investigate factors influencing ED.


Assuntos
Imagem Corporal/psicologia , Transtornos da Alimentação e da Ingestão de Alimentos/epidemiologia , Meios de Comunicação de Massa , Família , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Razão de Chances , Estudantes , Emirados Árabes Unidos/epidemiologia , Universidades , Adulto Jovem
16.
J Obes ; 2018: 1597840, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30631594

RESUMO

Introduction: Physical activity (PA) may improve cardiometabolic fitness and increase high-molecular-weight adiponectin (HMW-Adip). The pedometer is an effective, user-friendly device to monitor PA with the aim of improving health. This study examined how counting footsteps, using a pedometer, might affect HMW-Adip and MetS components among young females. Methods: Fifty-two females (21.43 ± 4.8 years) were divided into "normal" (BMI = 18-24.9 kg/m2) and "high" (BMI ≥ 25 kg/m2) BMI groups. Participants wore pedometers throughout the day for nine weeks. Pre-post intervention tests performed on anthropometric, biochemical, and nutrient intake variables were tested at p ≤ 0.05. Results: Participants walked 7056 ± 1570 footsteps/day without a significant difference between normal (7488.49 ± 1098) and high (6739.18 ± 1793) BMI groups. After week 9, the normal BMI group improved significantly in BMI, body fat mass (BFM), and waist-hip ratio (WHR). Additionally, percent body fat, waist circumference (WC), and visceral fat area also reduced significantly in the high BMI group. A significant decrease in triglycerides (TG) (71.62 ± 29.22 vs. 62.50 ± 29.16 mg/dl, p=0.003) and insulin (21.7 ± 8.33 µU/l vs. 18.64 ± 8.25 µU/l, p=0.046) and increase in HMW-Adip (3.77 ± 0.46 vs. 3.80 ± 0.44 µg/ml, p=0.034) were recorded in the high BMI group. All participants exhibited significant inverse correlations between daily footsteps and BMI (r=-0.33, p=0.017), BFM (r=-0.29, p=0.037), WHR (r=-0.401, p=0.003), and MetS score (r=-0.49, p < 0.001) and positive correlation with HMW-Adip (r=0.331, p=0.017). A positive correlation with systolic (r=0.46, p=0.011) and diastolic (r=0.39, p=0.031) blood pressures and inverse correlation with the MetS score (r=-0.5, p=0.005) were evident in the high BMI group. Conclusion: Counting footsteps using a pedometer is effective in improving MetS components (obesity, TG) and increasing HMW-Adip levels.


Assuntos
Actigrafia/instrumentação , Adiponectina/sangue , Proteína C-Reativa/metabolismo , Exercício/fisiologia , Síndrome Metabólica/sangue , Obesidade/sangue , Adulto , Índice de Massa Corporal , Feminino , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Promoção da Saúde , Humanos , Síndrome Metabólica/epidemiologia , Síndrome Metabólica/prevenção & controle , Obesidade/epidemiologia , Obesidade/prevenção & controle , Fatores de Risco , Emirados Árabes Unidos/epidemiologia , Adulto Jovem
17.
J Obes ; 2018: 2185942, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30652030

RESUMO

Background: Noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) are considered as a global health problem and considered as a public health priority with the more considerable increasing trend of obesity and cardiometabolic disorders rates in the Middle Eastern countries. This systematic review aims at assessing the prevalence, incidence rates, and trends, as well as the cost of obesity and related cardiometabolic disorders in the United Arab Emirates (UAE). Methods: A highly sensitive strategy was used to retrieve original observational studies, addressing the epidemiology and cost of obesity and related cardiometabolic disorders in the UAE, irrespective of nationality (nationals and expatriates). The search was conducted on April 4, 2017, within numerous electronic databases and the grey literature. Standardized and validated methods were used for data extraction and analysis as well as quality assessment. Results: 6789 records were retrieved, of which 36 were deemed eligible. High prevalence rates were reported for obesity, diabetes, hypertension, and metabolic syndrome in all studies. However, the definitions and methods employed by the studies were highly variable. The risk of bias in the epidemiological studies ranged between low and medium. Only one study reported the cost of illness for diabetes. In this study, the estimated cost per patient was $2,015 (adjusted to the year 2015), and it became twofold and sixfold higher in patients with microvascular and macrovascular complications, respectively. Conclusions: Obesity and related cardiometabolic disorders are highly prevalent in the UAE, but quoting a precise prevalence for them is difficult given the methodological heterogeneity of the epidemiological studies addressing them. Nonetheless, we detected a 2-3-fold increase in the prevalence of overweight and obesity in the UAE between 1989 and 2017. It is hopeful that this systematic review will provide an insight into direct future studies, especially longitudinal studies exploring obesity and cardiometabolic risks and their costs.


Assuntos
Doenças Cardiovasculares/epidemiologia , Síndrome Metabólica/epidemiologia , Obesidade/epidemiologia , Saúde Pública , Doenças Cardiovasculares/economia , Doenças Cardiovasculares/etiologia , Efeitos Psicossociais da Doença , Humanos , Síndrome Metabólica/economia , Síndrome Metabólica/etiologia , Obesidade/complicações , Obesidade/economia , Prevalência , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Fatores de Risco , Emirados Árabes Unidos/epidemiologia
18.
Rev Inst Med Trop Sao Paulo ; 59: e82, 2017 Dec 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29267590

RESUMO

Intestinal parasitic infections are prevalent throughout many countries. This study aimed to determine the prevalence of intestinal parasite carriers among 21,347 expatriate workers, including food handlers and housemaids attending the public health center laboratory in Sharjah, UAE. Stool sample collection was performed throughout the period between January and December 2013. All samples were examined microscopically. Demographic data were also obtained and analyzed. Intestinal parasites were found in 3.3% (708/21,347) of the studied samples (single and multiple infections). Among positive samples, six hundred and eighty-three samples (96.5%) were positive for a single parasite: Giardia lamblia (257; 36.3%) and Entamoeba histolytica/Entamoeba dispar (220; 31.1%), respectively, whereas mono-infections with helminths accounted for 206 (29.1%) of the samples. Infection rates with single worms were: Ascaris lumbricoides (84; 11.9%), Hookworm (34; 4.8%), Trichuris trichiura (33; 4.7%), Taenia spp. (27; 3.81%), Strongyloides stercoralis (13; 1.8%), Hymenolepis nana (13; 1.8%), and Enterobius vermicularis (2; 0.28%), respectively. Infections were significantly associated with gender (x2 = 14.18; p = 0.002) with males as the most commonly infected with both groups of intestinal parasites (protozoa and helminths). A strong statistical association was noted correlating the parasite occurrence with certain nationalities (x2= 49.5, p <0.001). Furthermore, the study has also found a strong statistical correlation between parasite occurrence and occupation (x2= 15.60; p = 0.029). Multiple infections were not common (3.5% of the positive samples), although one individual (0.14%) had four helminth species, concurrently. These findings emphasized that food handlers with different pathogenic parasitic organisms may pose a significant health risk to the public.


Assuntos
Emigrantes e Imigrantes/estatística & dados numéricos , Enteropatias Parasitárias/etnologia , Enteropatias Parasitárias/parasitologia , Doenças Profissionais/etnologia , Doenças Profissionais/parasitologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Distribuição por Idade , Animais , Estudos Transversais , Fezes/parasitologia , Feminino , Manipulação de Alimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Parasitos/isolamento & purificação , Prevalência , Estudos Retrospectivos , Distribuição por Sexo , Emirados Árabes Unidos/etnologia , Adulto Jovem
19.
J Nutr Metab ; 2017: 1050749, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29147582

RESUMO

With a rise in global incidence of overweight and obesity, the number of patients seeking weight management (WM) advice is likely to increase. Our aim was to explore the prevalence of WM practices and investigate association of WM goals with sociodemographic variables and practices among United Arab Emirates (UAE) adults. An exploratory, cross-sectional research was conducted on 1275 adult males and females, residing in UAE. A structured questionnaire was administered. WM goals to lose/maintain/gain weight were reported in 88.3% participants. WM goals were significantly associated with age, sex, marital status, education, current body weight perception, and medical condition. Out of 21 selected WM practices, popular strategies included increasing physical activity (52.9%), eating less fat (51.1%), consuming fewer calories (43.3%), joining gym (27.5%), skipping meals (26.1%), and consuming natural herbs and teas (20.7%). Visiting dietitian (12.3%) ranked ninth in the order of preference. Males focused on physical activity, gyms, and wellness centers and females on calories counting, dietitian visits, meals replacement, skipping meals, and natural herbs/teas. Married adults reported eating less fat (54.3% versus 47.3%, p = 0.020); singles opted calories counting, gyms, and meals replacement. Frequent referral sources were friends (37.8%) and Internet (32.1%). Most UAE adults had WM goals that were associated with sociodemographic variables and WM practices. Awareness about the ill-effects of unhealthy WM practices and importance of dietitian's consultation are imperative.

20.
Diabetes Metab Syndr ; 11 Suppl 2: S531-S537, 2017 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28392355

RESUMO

AIMS: The aim was to investigate relationships of Vitamin D receptor gene (VDR) polymorphisms to the components of MetS among Arabs adult residing in the United Arab Emirates. METHODS: A cross-sectional study of 198 Arabs adult (50 males and 148 females). Serum levels of glucose, vitamin D, HDL-C, and TG, and blood pressure were measured. FokI, BsmI & TaqI genotyping of VDR were investigated using PCR-RFLP technique. RESULTS: Age of the participants was 21(9) years with a BMI of 26.8(7.8) kg/m2. About 15% had MetS with serum vitamin D levels of 25.5(18.2) nmol/L. VDR genotyping yielded: FokI: 57.1% FF and 38.9% Ff, BsmI: 29.8% bb and 51.5% Bb, while TaqI showed 39.4% TT and 43.4% Tt. The ff carriers had higher total cholesterol [174(12.4) mg/dl] than FF and Ff genotypes. Bb carriers showed higher BMI and LDL-C than BB and bb genotypes. In females, FokI VDR polymorphism showed significant association with systolic blood pressure (SBP) and F allele carriers were at higher risk of developing high SBP [x2=4.4, df1, OR=0.29 (95%CI: 0.087-0.98), p=0.035]. CONCLUSION: VDR gene polymorphisms were not associated with MetS, yet it may affect the severity of some of components of MetS, namely the association of BsmI with obesity, FokI and BsmI with dyslipidemia and FokI with SBP.


Assuntos
Síndrome Metabólica/genética , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Receptores de Calcitriol/genética , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Genótipo , Humanos , Masculino , Sistema Renina-Angiotensina/fisiologia
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