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1.
J Natl Cancer Inst ; 2020 Jan 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31917448

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Although 20 pancreatic cancer susceptibility loci have been identified through genome-wide association studies (GWAS) in individuals of European ancestry, much of its heritability remains unexplained and the genes responsible largely unknown. METHODS: To discover novel pancreatic cancer risk loci and possible causal genes, we performed a pancreatic cancer transcriptome-wide association study (TWAS) in Europeans using three approaches, FUSION, MetaXcan and SMulTiXcan. We integrated GWAS summary statistics from 9,040 pancreatic cancer cases and 12,496 controls, with gene expression prediction models built using transcriptome data from histologically normal pancreatic tissue samples (NCI Laboratory of Translational Genomics, LTG (n = 95) and Genotype-Tissue Expression, GTEx v7 (n = 174) datasets), and data from 48 different tissues (GTEx v7, n = 74-421 samples). RESULTS: We identified 25 genes whose genetically predicted expression was statistically significantly associated with pancreatic cancer risk (FDR < 0.05), including 14 candidate genes at 11 novel loci (1p36.12: CELA3B; 9q31.1: SMC2, SMC2-AS1; 10q23.31: RP11-80H5.9; 12q13.13: SMUG1; 14q32.33: BTBD6; 15q23: HEXA; 15q26.1: RCCD1; 17q12:, PNMT, CDK12, PGAP3; 17q22: SUPT4H1; 18q11.22: RP11-888D10.3; and 19p13.11: PGPEP1) and 11 at 6 known risk loci (5p15.33: TERT, CLPTM1L, ZDHHC11B; 7p14.1: INHBA; 9q34.2: ABO; 13q12.2: PDX1; 13q22.1: KLF5; and 16q23.1: WDR59, CFDP1, BCAR1, TMEM170A). The association for 12 of these genes (CELA3B, SMC2, and PNMT at novel risk loci, and TERT, CLPTM1L, INHBA, ABO, PDX1, KLF5, WDR59, CFDP1 and BCAR1 at known loci) remained statistically significant after Bonferroni correction. CONCLUSIONS: By integrating gene expression and genotype data, we identified novel pancreatic cancer risk loci and candidate functional genes that warrant further investigation.

2.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(17): e15392, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31027135

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The Revised International Chapel Hill Consensus Conference 2012 subdivides vasculitides based on combinations of features that separate different forms of vasculitis into definable categories. Hypereosinophilic vasculitis with sparing of the respiratory tract and renal system is a rare presentation that is yet to be described in the Revised International Chapel Hill Consensus Conference 2012 report that addresses nomenclature of vasculitides. This is a condition that involves a vascular injury due to either a primary eosinophilic vasculitis or an underlying connective tissue disease and it predisposes patients to a prothrombotic state. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 39-year-old patient presented with left hand digital ischemia, preceded by Raynaud phenomenon, and vasculitic rash. For 3 months, he was having digital ischemia affecting the left 2nd and 3rd digits in the form of pallor and gangrenous discoloration with a preceding history of a pinpoint pruritic rash affecting his lower limbs that extended to involve the trunk and upper limbs over a short period of time and responded to only a tapering dose of oral steroids. Examination revealed a delayed capillary refill in all left-hand digits and a weak left radial pulse but no bruit. The rest of his peripheral vascular examination was unremarkable. DIAGNOSIS: Investigations revealed an absolute eosinophilic count of 4.34 K/µL and erythrocyte sedimentation rate of 44 mm/h. A magnetic resonance angiogram showed a beaded appearance of the left ulnar artery distally and the radial artery branches in the left hand and subsequently was diagnosed with hypereosinophilic vasculitis. INTERVENTIONS: He was started on oral prednisone of 1 mg/kg daily orally tapering done as well as azathioprine for maintenance. OUTCOMES: Two weeks postdischarge, the patient was seen in the outpatient department where his ischemic symptoms improved, and his skin rash healed. Noticed improvement in his splinter hemorrhages was also detected. He continued to do well on 2 years follow-up CONCLUSION:: This case reflects the importance of frequent reevaluation for vasculitic diseases criteria and nomenclature. Hypereosinophilic vasculitis with absent respiratory and renal involvement is a rare presentation with scarce evidence to guide treatment.


Assuntos
Síndrome Hipereosinofílica/diagnóstico , Vasculite/diagnóstico , Adulto , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Humanos , Síndrome Hipereosinofílica/tratamento farmacológico , Masculino , Vasculite/tratamento farmacológico
3.
Saudi J Med Med Sci ; 5(2): 172-174, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30787779

RESUMO

Metabolic syndrome represents a sum of risk factors that lead to the occurrence of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events. The early detection of metabolic syndrome is extremely important in adults who are at risk. Although the physiopathological mechanisms of the metabolic syndrome are not yet clear, insulin resistance plays a key role that could explain the development of type 2 diabetes mellitus in untreated metabolic syndrome patients. Here, we present the case of a 26-year-old male who was diagnosed with metabolic syndrome and severe hypertriglyceridemia after presenting with abdominal pain. Although hypertriglyceridemia and hyperglycemia are the most common predictors of metabolic syndrome, clinicians need to be vigilant for unexpected presentations in patients at risk for metabolic syndrome. This case sheds light on the importance of early detection.

4.
Avicenna J Med ; 5(2): 42-5, 2015.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25878966

RESUMO

Widespread arterial and venous thrombosis is a very rare initial presentation of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). We report a case with extensive vascular occlusion as the initial manifestation of SLE. Although these cases have high morbidity and mortality, yet our patient recovered with minimal complications.

5.
Ann Saudi Med ; 31(5): 481-7, 2011.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21911985

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Lead exposure is a well known cause of cardiovascular damage, including atherosclerosis. Paraoxonase 1 (PON1), a high-density lipoprotein-associated antioxidant enzyme, is capable of hydrolyzing oxidized lipids and thus it protects against atherosclerosis. The mechanism by which heavy metals inhibit serum PON1 activity is still not clear. Our aim was to detect the association between lead exposure and serum PON1 activity and lipid profile and also to study the polymorphism of the PON1 gene. DESIGN AND SETTING: A case-control, cross-sectional study conducted from June 2008 until May 2009. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Male workers (n=100) in a lead battery manufactory were recruited for this study. They were compared with 100 male age-matched workers not exposed to lead (control group). Serum lipid profile, paraoxonase activity and lead were measured in blood samples. The DNA was extracted for detecting the Q192R polymorphism of the PON1 gene by polymerase chain reaction followed by restriction fragment length polymorphism. RESULTS: There was significant difference in triglycerides, total cholesterol and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) (P=.01, .05 and .04, respectively) between cases and controls. Multiple linear regression analysis showed that blood lead levels were significantly associated with decreased serum paraoxonase activity (P=.03) in lead workers. The paraoxonase genotype QR was the most prevalent in 34/53 subjects (64%) among the lead-exposed groups, while the genotype QQ was more prevalent in the control group, in 15/25 subjects (60%), with a significant difference between the control and other groups (P<.05). CONCLUSION: Lead exposure is associated with increased triglycerides, total cholesterol and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol and decreased HDL-C. Because of the protective role of PON1 in the development of atherosclerosis, a decrease in serum PON1 activity due to lead exposure may render individuals more susceptible to atherosclerosis.


Assuntos
Arildialquilfosfatase/genética , Aterosclerose/genética , Chumbo/toxicidade , Exposição Ocupacional/efeitos adversos , Adolescente , Adulto , Arildialquilfosfatase/metabolismo , Aterosclerose/induzido quimicamente , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Estudos Transversais , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Humanos , Modelos Lineares , Lipídeos/sangue , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase , Polimorfismo de Fragmento de Restrição , Adulto Jovem
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