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Radiol Clin North Am ; 59(5): 693-703, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34392913


Precision medicine integrates molecular pathobiology, genetic make-up, and clinical manifestations of disease in order to classify patients into subgroups for the purposes of predicting treatment response and suggesting outcome. By identifying those patients who are most likely to benefit from a given therapy, interventions can be tailored to avoid the expense and toxicity of futile treatment. Ultimately, the goal is to offer the right treatment, to the right patient, at the right time. Lung cancer is a heterogeneous disease both functionally and morphologically. Further, over time, clonal proliferations of cells may evolve, becoming resistant to specific therapies. PET is a sensitive imaging technique with an important role in the precision medicine algorithm of lung cancer patients. It provides anatomo-functional insight during diagnosis, staging, and restaging of the disease. It is a prognostic biomarker in lung cancer patients that characterizes tumoral heterogeneity, helps predict early response to therapy, and may direct the selection of appropriate treatment.

Neoplasias Pulmonares/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Imagem Molecular/tendências , Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons/tendências , Medicina de Precisão/tendências , Fluordesoxiglucose F18 , Humanos , Interpretação de Imagem Assistida por Computador , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons combinada à Tomografia Computadorizada/tendências , Compostos Radiofarmacêuticos
J Nucl Med ; 61(9): 1326-1330, 2020 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32005769


Esthesioneuroblastoma is rare, with limited therapeutic options when unresectable or metastatic; however, expression of somatostatin receptors qualifies it for peptide receptor radionuclide therapy (PRRT). We report outcomes of PRRT in esthesioneuroblastoma from 2 referral centers. Methods: Using PRRT databases at 2 European Neuroendocrine Tumor Society Centers of Excellence, cases were sought between 2004 and 2018 of patients who had PRRT with recurrent or metastatic esthesioneuroblastoma deemed unsuitable for further conventional therapies. Evaluations of survival and of response using a composite reference standard were performed. Results: Of 7 patients, 4 had partial response, 2 had disease stabilization, and one had early progression. Possible side effects include worsening cerebrospinal fluid leaks. Median progression-free survival was 17 mo (range, 0-30 mo), and median overall survival was 32 mo (range, 4-53 mo). Conclusion: PRRT shows promising efficacy and moderate survival duration in unresectable locally advanced or metastatic esthesioneuroblastoma warranting larger cohort studies incorporating measures of quality of life.

Estesioneuroblastoma Olfatório/radioterapia , Receptores de Peptídeos/metabolismo , Adulto , Idoso , Estesioneuroblastoma Olfatório/metabolismo , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento