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1.
Int J Dermatol ; 59(5): 620-626, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32108322

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Postacne scarring is an unfortunate and frequent complication of acne, with varied morphological forms and associated significant psychological distress to patients. AIM OF THE WORK: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of plasma gel injection alone and in combination with microneedling in treatment of atrophic postacne scars. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Sixty patients with atrophic postacne scars were enrolled in this single blinded randomized controlled study. The patients were divided into three groups with 20 patients being treated with intradermal injection of plasma gel, 20 patients treated with dermaroller, and 20 patients subjected to combined plasma gel and dermaroller. Patients received four sessions at monthly intervals and were evaluated by clinical, histopathological, and immunohistochemical analysis. RESULTS: There was statistically significant improvement in postacne scars after treatment in all studied groups with variable degrees; the combined technique showed the best clinical improvement in postacne scars. There was an increase in newly formed collagen and elastic fibers with more organized and condensed bundles after the end of treatment. CONCLUSION: Plasma gel showed a remarkable improvement for most patients after one session, providing a quick and easy solution for acne scars. The combination of dermaroller and plasma gel potentiated its effect with more improvement in scars.

2.
Am J Dermatopathol ; 41(2): 122-127, 2019 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30640755

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Androgenetic alopecia (AGA) results from shortening of the anagen phase of the hair cycle and, subsequently, miniaturization of hair follicles. Alopecia areata (AA) is a disease of autoimmunity where T cells attack anagen hair follicles and shows multifactorial etiology. Dickkopf-1 (DKK-1) is a gene that is responsible for transformation of anagen to catagen, which suggests that it is involved in development of both diseases. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the tissue levels of dickkopf-1 in male patients with AGA and AA in comparison with controls, in an attempt to know its role in the pathogenesis of both disorders. METHODS: DKK-1 immunohistochemical expression was evaluated in lesional scalp biopsies taken from 20 male patients with AGA evaluated clinically by the modified Norwood-Hamilton score, 20 male patients with AA evaluated clinically by SALT score, and 20 healthy controls within the same age and sex of the studied patients. RESULTS: A highly significant difference in DKK-1 expression between patients with AGA and healthy controls was found (P2 < 0.001). There were also significant differences in DKK-1 expression between patients with AA and healthy controls (P3 = 0.013), and between both patient groups (P1 = 0.002). CONCLUSIONS: Both AGA and AA showed significant increase in DKK-1 immunohistochemical expression. This may enhance the idea of its possible role in the pathogenesis of AGA and AA, and being a new target for treatment of these hair disorders.


Assuntos
Alopecia em Áreas/metabolismo , Alopecia/metabolismo , Peptídeos e Proteínas de Sinalização Intercelular/biossíntese , Adulto , Alopecia/patologia , Alopecia em Áreas/patologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Adulto Jovem
3.
J Cosmet Dermatol ; 17(6): 1008-1015, 2018 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29316152

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Striae distensae are dermal scars with a linear atrophic depression. The exact origin of striae distensae remains unrevealed, but low expression of collagen and fibronectin genes in the affected tissue was found. Several treatment modalities have been proposed, yet no consistent modality is available. AIM OF THE WORK: To evaluate and compare the efficacy and safety of carboxytherapy vs platelet-rich plasma (PRP) in treatment of stretch marks. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This study included 20 patients with striae alba. Every patient received treatment in the form of PRP injection in their right side (group A) and carboxytherapy session in their left side (group B) every 3-4 weeks for 4 sessions. Skin biopsies were taken before and after treatment, and they were subjected to fibronectin immunohistochemical stain. RESULTS: There was a significant improvement in striae alba in both groups after than before treatment. There was no significant difference between both groups as regards either percentage of improvement, response (grading scale), or patient satisfaction. The fibronectin-stained area was significantly higher in both groups after than before treatment, and it was significantly higher after treatment in group (B) than group (A). CONCLUSIONS: Both methods were safe and effective with minimal side effects. There was no significant difference between both methods of treatments. This was confirmed histopathologically by fibronectin expression which is found to be low in striae and increased significantly after treatment. But fibronectin expression was higher in group (B) than (A).


Assuntos
Dióxido de Carbono/uso terapêutico , Plasma Rico em Plaquetas , Estrias de Distensão/patologia , Estrias de Distensão/terapia , Adolescente , Adulto , Biópsia , Dióxido de Carbono/administração & dosagem , Dióxido de Carbono/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Fibronectinas/metabolismo , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica , Injeções Intradérmicas , Masculino , Satisfação do Paciente , Pele/patologia , Estrias de Distensão/metabolismo , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
4.
Exp Mol Pathol ; 102(3): 396-407, 2017 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28456661

RESUMO

This study aims to elucidate whether Trichinella spiralis infection or its crude antigen administration can stimulate recruitment of CD105+ve/CD45-ve cells that could represent MSCs in intestine and skeletal muscle of experimental BALB/c albino mice compared to healthy control mice. Studied mice were divided into: 20 healthy control, 20 with orally induced T. spiralis infection, 20 received adult worm crude antigen orally and 20 received larval crude antigen intramuscular. According to specific timing schedule, mice were sacrificed and tissue sections were examined for CD105 and CD45 immunohistochemical expression using image J image analyzing software, to compare different study groups. T. spiralis infection induced a significant increase in density of CD105+ve/CD45-ve cells that could represent MSCs in both intestinal and muscle sections, similarly the intramuscular injected larval crude antigen caused more infiltration of such cells in muscles compared to muscle sections from healthy control mice. However, no significant difference was noticed in intestinal sections after oral adult crude antigen administration compared to healthy control mice. So, injected T. spiralis crude antigen might be a successful stimulant to MSCs attraction and recruitment in tissues nearby injection site. This could be beneficial for cell regeneration and tissue repair in case of presence of a disease induced damage.


Assuntos
Intestinos/parasitologia , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/citologia , Triquinelose/imunologia , Animais , Antígenos de Helmintos/administração & dosagem , Movimento Celular , Endoglina/metabolismo , Feminino , Imuno-Histoquímica , Intestinos/imunologia , Larva , Antígenos Comuns de Leucócito/metabolismo , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Músculo Esquelético/imunologia , Músculo Esquelético/parasitologia , Trichinella spiralis
5.
J Microsc Ultrastruct ; 5(1): 49-57, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30023237

RESUMO

Purpose & Methods: The aim of this work was to study the clinicopathological features of Kaposi sarcoma (KS) & kaposiform hemangioendothelioma (KHE) and analyze their immunohistochemical expression of c-Kit, CD34, α-SMA. The study was performed on cutaneous 10 classic KS & 8 KHE. Results: KHE shows several dilated lymphatic channels, focal capillary formation, lack of nuclear atypia and mitosis within tumor cells. These features help to exclude Kaposi sarcoma in spite of the kaposiform pattern of tumor cells. C-Kit was expressed by tumor cells in all KHE cases and in 60% only of KS. All elements within both tumor groups expressed CD34 antibody. α-SMA was expressed by tumor cells in 70% of KS cases and none of KHE. Conclusion: C-Kit and CD34 seem to be reliable at labeling KS and KHE as they can help in diagnosis of these tumors in routinely processed tissue but they don't differentiate between them. If α-SMA also labeled the tumor, then KHE diagnosis can be ruled out. KS & KHE exemplify stem cell tumors that could give smooth muscle cell-like phenotype in KS. Anti C-kit therapy should be tested in KS & KHE to prevent recurrence.

6.
J Microsc Ultrastruct ; 4(4): 195-202, 2016.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30023227

RESUMO

Background/aim: Ulcerative colitis (UC) patients are at increased risk for colorectal carcinoma (CRC). It is suggested that cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) plays a role in sporadic CRC. The p53 gene is a tumor-suppressor gene and the most frequent site of genetic alteration found in human cancer. The aim of this study was to analyze the immunoexpression of proinflammatory enzyme COX-2 and p53 in UC, UC-associated dysplasia, and CRC, in comparison with each other and with different clinical and histopathological parameters, to clarify if they have a possible role in the pathogenesis of CRC in UC patients. Materials and methods: In this cross-sectional study, 98 patients were divided into three groups: 39 patients with UC without dysplasia, 32 patients with UC with dysplasia, and 27 patients with colorectal cancer on top of UC, in addition to 10 healthy controls. All patients underwent colonoscopy, and multiple biopsies were taken for histopathological and COX-2 and p53 immunohistochemical studies. Results: There was significant difference in the expression of COX-2 and p53 in UC-related dysplasia either without or with CRC, compared with their expression in the UC group without dysplasia. Conclusion: Adding immunohistochemical analysis of COX-2 enzyme and p53 gene to routine histological assessment may improve the accuracy of early detection of dysplasia and colorectal cancer. COX-2 and p53 can be promising chemotherapeutic/chemopreventive targets in UC patients.

7.
Cell Immunol ; 295(1): 67-76, 2015 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25766778

RESUMO

To assess the effect of Schistosoma mansoni egg antigen immunization on the immunomodulation in dextran sodium sulfate (DSS) induced colitis as an experimental model of IBD in comparison to non immunization and healthy control. The study was performed on 180 mice; 25 healthy control, 15 to identify the inflammatory peak of DSS, 25 received DSS for 7 days; 90 infected with S. mansoni cercariae to collect eggs for antigen preparation, and 25 immunized with the prepared antigen then received DSS course. Disease activity index, macroscopic & microscopic inflammatory scores, FoxP3+ T regulatory cell count, myeloperoxidase activity, and Th1/Th2 cytokine profile were compared in studied groups. Immunization induced both FoxP3+ T(regs) and Th2 cytokines to establish a state of immune homeostasis and create a quiescent steadier immune response to DSS. S. mansoni egg antigen succeeded in acting like a prophylactic helminthic therapy as it has a profitable modulatory effect on DSS-induced colitis model.


Assuntos
Antígenos de Helmintos/imunologia , Doenças Inflamatórias Intestinais/imunologia , Óvulo/imunologia , Schistosoma mansoni/imunologia , Linfócitos T Reguladores/imunologia , Animais , Citocinas/sangue , Citocinas/imunologia , Sulfato de Dextrana , Ensaio de Imunoadsorção Enzimática , Feminino , Fatores de Transcrição Forkhead/imunologia , Fatores de Transcrição Forkhead/metabolismo , Imunização , Imuno-Histoquímica , Imunomodulação/imunologia , Doenças Inflamatórias Intestinais/induzido quimicamente , Doenças Inflamatórias Intestinais/patologia , Contagem de Linfócitos , Camundongos , Peroxidase/imunologia , Peroxidase/metabolismo , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Linfócitos T Reguladores/metabolismo , Células Th1/imunologia , Células Th1/metabolismo , Células Th2/imunologia , Células Th2/metabolismo
8.
Eur J Pharmacol ; 742: 102-12, 2014 Nov 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25218987

RESUMO

Multiple sclerosis (MS) is an autoimmune inflammatory demyelinating disease of brain and spinal cord that has an increasing incidence worldwide and classically presents in a relapsing-remitting form. This study was designed to induce a relapsing-remitting model of experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE) to investigate the possible modulatory effect of celastrol on Th1/Th2 cytokines profile, immunohistochemical expression of TLR2, and CD3+T-lymphocytic count. Eighteen female Sprague Dawley rats were divided into 3 groups; where group I served as normal control, group II as EAE+vehicle, and group III as EAE treated by celastrol (1mg/kg/day, i.p.) started at 10th day till 42nd day post-immunization. The clinical score of rats in group II (EAE+vehicle) was relapsed after the re-challenge at the 35th day post-immunization and exhibited significant positive association with serum TNF-α, NF-κB expression and nitrites levels in brain and spinal cord, and CD3+ T-lymphocytic count in brain tissues while serum IL-10 showed significant negative association. Treatment of EAE by celastrol caused amelioration of the clinical score and inhibited the relapse. It caused significant shift in cytokines profile from Th1 by decrease in TNF-α towards Th2 pattern by increase in IL-10. Moreover, celastrol treatment resulted in significant reduction in NF-κB expression, nitrites levels, as well as immunohistochemical expression of TLR2 and CD3+ T-lymphocytic count. The beneficial effect of celastrol was further confirmed histopathologically by reduction in H&E score. Collectively, these results provide a promising pre-clinical evidence and conclusion about use of celastrol in treatment of multiple sclerosis that must be accessed in further clinical studies.


Assuntos
Encefalomielite Autoimune Experimental/tratamento farmacológico , Encefalomielite Autoimune Experimental/imunologia , Fatores Imunológicos/farmacologia , Esclerose Múltipla Recidivante-Remitente/tratamento farmacológico , Esclerose Múltipla Recidivante-Remitente/imunologia , Subpopulações de Linfócitos T/efeitos dos fármacos , Subpopulações de Linfócitos T/imunologia , Triterpenos/farmacologia , Animais , Encéfalo/efeitos dos fármacos , Encéfalo/imunologia , Encéfalo/patologia , Complexo CD3/metabolismo , Citocinas/metabolismo , Encefalomielite Autoimune Experimental/patologia , Feminino , Interleucina-10/sangue , Contagem de Linfócitos , Esclerose Múltipla Recidivante-Remitente/patologia , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Nitritos/metabolismo , Fitoterapia , Plantas Medicinais , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Medula Espinal/efeitos dos fármacos , Medula Espinal/imunologia , Medula Espinal/patologia , Células Th1/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Th1/imunologia , Células Th2/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Th2/imunologia , Receptor 2 Toll-Like/metabolismo , Tripterygium , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/sangue
9.
Arab J Gastroenterol ; 15(1): 6-11, 2014 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24630506

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS: This study aimed to find out non-invasive markers for the assessment of severity of non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) in an attempt to decrease the need for liver biopsy. It also aimed to evaluate the key role of apoptosis in the pathogenesis of the disease and the suggested role of anti-apoptotic factors in therapeutic modalities and disease prognosis. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The serum levels of soluble Fas (s. Fas), s. Fas ligand, cytokeratin 18 (CK-18) fragment and Bcl-2 were measured in 80 patients and 15 non-hepatic subjects as control. The patients were divided based on histological examination of liver biopsy into three groups. Group I included 40 patients with NASH, group II had 40 patients with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) non-NASH and group III had 15 non-hepatic subjects as control. Apoptosis of hepatocytes was assessed by morphological examination using a light microscope and expressed as number per square millimetre. RESULTS: There was a significant increase in the serum levels of s. Fas, s. Fas ligand and CK-18 fragments in the NASH group. The anti-apoptotic protein Bcl-2 showed significantly low levels in NASH patients. Apoptosis of hepatocytes was significantly higher in the NASH group. The degree of apoptosis was inversely correlated with the level of Bcl-2. A significant correlation between both s. Fas and CK-18 fragment with liver histology with regard to lobular inflammation and ballooning was found. CONCLUSIONS: Increased serum levels of s. Fas and CK-18 fragment in the NASH group and its correlation with the severity of disease suggested the key role of apoptosis in NASH pathogenesis which can be used for the assessment of the severity of NASH. A high level of anti-apoptotic Bcl-2 in NAFLD suggests its protective role in disease progress.


Assuntos
Apoptose , Proteína Ligante Fas/sangue , Fígado Gorduroso/sangue , Queratina-18/sangue , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-bcl-2/sangue , Adulto , Alanina Transaminase/sangue , Aspartato Aminotransferases/sangue , Biomarcadores/sangue , Biópsia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Fígado Gorduroso/patologia , Fígado Gorduroso/fisiopatologia , Feminino , Hepatócitos/fisiologia , Humanos , Fígado/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica , Índice de Gravidade de Doença
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