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1.
Ann Am Thorac Soc ; 17(12): 1558-1569, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32931705

RESUMO

Rationale: Approximately 8% of the U.S. population suffers from asthma, a chronic condition. It poses a substantial economic burden to society in the form of lost productivity and healthcare costs.Objectives: We use the Medical Expenditure Panel Survey 2002-2010 to quantify the lifetime costs of asthma at each age, the impact of adult asthma on earnings and choice of occupation, and the impact of childhood asthma on parental income.Methods: We developed a framework to estimate the present discounted value of the cumulative lifetime asthma-related healthcare costs and lost productivity experienced by an individual after onset. This approach allows for age- and asthma duration-related variability in annual costs as well as for the intermittent nature of asthma symptoms.Results: Estimated asthma-related annual healthcare expenditures across all life stages are $700-$2,200 (2010 U.S. dollars). Lost annual earnings among individuals aged 30-49 are over $4,000 (2010 U.S. dollars). The present discounted value of the cumulative lifetime healthcare costs and lost productivity for a new case of asthma is estimated at $36,500 using the 3% discount rate (2010 U.S. dollars).Conclusions: The economic burden of asthma is substantial and larger than previously estimated, reflecting expenditures on treatment and lost earnings.

2.
J Am Med Inform Assoc ; 27(9): 1401-1410, 2020 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32719859

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The study sought to examine the association between clinician burnout and measures of electronic health record (EHR) workload and efficiency, using vendor-derived EHR action log data. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We combined data from a statewide clinician survey on burnout with Epic EHR data from the ambulatory sites of 2 large health systems; the combined dataset included 422 clinicians. We examined whether specific EHR workload and efficiency measures were independently associated with burnout symptoms, using multivariable logistic regression and controlling for clinician characteristics. RESULTS: Clinicians with the highest volume of patient call messages had almost 4 times the odds of burnout compared with clinicians with the fewest (adjusted odds ratio, 3.81; 95% confidence interval, 1.44-10.14; P = .007). No other workload measures were significantly associated with burnout. No efficiency variables were significantly associated with burnout in the main analysis; however, in a subset of clinicians for whom note entry data were available, clinicians in the top quartile of copy and paste use were significantly less likely to report burnout, with an adjusted odds ratio of 0.22 (95% confidence interval, 0.05-0.93; P = .039). DISCUSSION: High volumes of patient call messages were significantly associated with clinician burnout, even when accounting for other measures of workload and efficiency. In the EHR, "patient calls" encompass many of the inbox tasks occurring outside of face-to-face visits and likely represent an important target for improving clinician well-being. CONCLUSIONS: Our results suggest that increased workload is associated with burnout and that EHR efficiency tools are not likely to reduce burnout symptoms, with the exception of copy and paste.

3.
R I Med J (2013) ; 103(1): 21-24, 2020 Feb 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32013299

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The Rhode Island Department of Health (RIDOH) has administered the Health Information Technology (HIT) Survey since 2009 to report clinician-level process measures relating to HIT adoption and use. METHODS: RIDOH administers the Rhode Island HIT Survey to all licensed independent practitioners. Descriptive analyses examined HIT adoption and the clinician experience working with HIT. RESULTS: Most physician and Advanced Practice Provider (APP) respondents report using an EHR (92.5% and 94.3%) and e-prescribing medications (84.1% and 81.6%). Less than half of physicians (40.9% or n=565) and APPs (35.4% or n=195) who prescribe controlled substances currently submit controlled substance prescriptions electronically. A higher percentage of physicians, compared to APPs, reported experiencing HIT-related stress (80.9% and 66.6%). The overall prevalence of physicians reporting symptoms of burnout was 29.7% (n=539) but varied between specialties. DISCUSSION: As of 2019, the majority of Rhode Island physicians have adopted EHRs and e-prescribing. Adoption plateaued after 2012, and challenges persist in integrating existing technology into practice.


Assuntos
Esgotamento Profissional/etiologia , Registros Eletrônicos de Saúde , Informática Médica , Médicos/psicologia , Prescrição Eletrônica/estatística & dados numéricos , Pesquisas sobre Serviços de Saúde , Humanos , Estresse Ocupacional , Rhode Island
4.
J Water Health ; 17(5): 801-812, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31638030

RESUMO

Well water around the world can be contaminated with arsenic, a naturally occurring geological element that has been associated with myriad adverse health effects. Persons obtaining their drinking water from private wells are often responsible for well testing and water treatment. High levels of arsenic have been reported in well water-supplied areas of the United States. We quantified - in cases and dollars - the potential burden of disease associated with the ingestion of arsenic through private well drinking water supplies in the United States. To estimate cancer and cardiovascular disease burden, we developed a Monte Carlo model integrating three input streams: (1) regional concentrations of arsenic in drinking water wells across the United States; (2) dose-response relationships in the form of cancer slope factors and hazard ratios; and (3) economic cost estimates developed for morbidity endpoints using 'cost-of-illness' methods and for mortality using 'value per statistical life' estimates. Exposure to arsenic in drinking water from U.S. domestic wells is modeled to contribute 500 annual premature deaths from ischemic heart disease and 1,000 annual cancer cases (half of them fatal), monetized at $10.9 billion (2017 USD) annually. These considerable public health burden estimates can be compared with the burdens of other priority public health issues to assist in decision-making.


Assuntos
Arsênico/análise , Efeitos Psicossociais da Doença , Água Potável/química , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise , Purificação da Água , Poços de Água , Estados Unidos , Abastecimento de Água
5.
J Gen Intern Med ; 34(11): 2542-2548, 2019 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31463685

RESUMO

IMPORTANCE: Physician attitudes about websites that publicly report health care quality and experience data have not been recently described. OBJECTIVES: To examine physician attitudes about the accuracy of websites that report information about quality of care and patient experience and to describe physician beliefs about the helpfulness of these data for patients choosing a physician. DESIGN, PARTICIPANTS, AND MEASURES: The Rhode Island Department of Health (RIDOH) and a multi-stakeholder group developed and piloted two questions that were added to RIDOH's biennial physician survey of all 4197 practicing physicians in Rhode Island: (1) "How accurate of a picture do you feel that the following types of online resources give about the quality of care that physicians provide?" (with choices) and (2) "Which types of physician-specific information (i.e., not about the practice overall) would be helpful to include in online resources for patients to help them choose a new physician? (Select all that apply)." Responses were stratified by primary care vs. subspecialty clinicians. Summary statistics and chi-squared tests were used to analyze the results. RESULTS: Among 1792 respondents (response rate 43%), 45% were unaware of RIDOH's site and 54% were unaware of the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS)' quality reporting sites. Only 2% felt that Medicare sites were "very accurate" in depicting physician quality. Most physicians supported public reporting of general information about physicians (e.g., board certification), but just over one-third of physicians felt that performance-based quality measures are "helpful" (and a similar percentage reported that patient reviews felt are "helpful") for patients choosing a physician. CONCLUSIONS: Physician-respondents were either uninformed or skeptical about public reporting websites. In contrast to prior reports that a majority of patients value some forms of publicly reported data, most physicians do not consider quality metrics and patient-generated reviews helpful for patients who are choosing a physician.


Assuntos
Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde , Satisfação do Paciente , Médicos/psicologia , Inquéritos e Questionários/normas , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Humanos , Internet , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Médicos/normas , Rhode Island
7.
J Am Med Inform Assoc ; 26(2): 106-114, 2019 02 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30517663

RESUMO

Objective: To quantify how stress related to use of health information technology (HIT) predicts burnout among physicians. Methods: All 4197 practicing physicians in Rhode Island were surveyed in 2017 on their HIT use. Our main outcome was self-reported burnout. The presence of HIT-related stress was defined by report of at least 1 of the following: poor/marginal time for documentation, moderately high/excessive time spent on the electronic health record (EHR) at home, and agreement that using an EHR adds to daily frustration. We used logistic regression to assess the association between each HIT-related stress measure and burnout, adjusting for respondent demographics, practice characteristics, and the other stress measures. Results: Of the 1792 physician respondents (43% response rate), 26% reported burnout. Among EHR users (91%), 70% reported HIT-related stress, with the highest prevalence in primary care-oriented specialties. After adjustment, physicians reporting poor/marginal time for documentation had 2.8 times the odds of burnout (95% CI: 2.0-4.1; P < .0001), compared to those reporting sufficient time. Physicians reporting moderately high/excessive time on EHRs at home had 1.9 times the odds of burnout (95% CI: 1.4-2.8; P < .0001), compared to those with minimal/no EHR use at home. Those who agreed that EHRs add to their daily frustration had 2.4 times the odds of burnout (95% CI: 1.6-3.7; P < .0001), compared to those who disagreed. Conclusion: HIT-related stress is measurable, common (about 70% among respondents), specialty-related, and independently predictive of burnout symptoms. Identifying HIT-specific factors associated with burnout may guide healthcare organizations seeking to measure and remediate burnout among their physicians and staff.


Assuntos
Esgotamento Profissional/etiologia , Registros Eletrônicos de Saúde , Informática Médica , Médicos/psicologia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Humanos , Satisfação no Emprego , Masculino , Medicina , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estresse Ocupacional , Rhode Island , Inquéritos e Questionários , Carga de Trabalho
8.
Appl Nurs Res ; 43: 36-41, 2018 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30220361

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Health information technology (HIT), such as electronic health records (EHRs), is a growing part of the clinical landscape. Recent studies among physicians suggest that HIT is associated with a higher prevalence of burnout. Few studies have investigated the workflow and practice-level predictors of burnout among advanced practice registered nurses (APRNs). AIM: Characterize HIT use and measure associations between EHR-related stress and burnout among APRNs. METHODS: An electronic survey was administered to all APRNs licensed in Rhode Island, United States (N = 1197) in May-June 2017. The dependent variable was burnout, measured with the validated Mini z burnout survey. The main independent variables were three EHR-related stress measures: time spent on the EHR at home, daily frustration with the EHR, and time for documentation. Logistic regression was used to measure the association between EHR-related stress and burnout before and after adjusting for demographics, practice-level characteristics, and the other EHR-related stress measures. RESULTS: Of the 371 participants, 73 (19.8%) reported at least one symptom of burnout. Among participants with an EHR (N = 333), 165 (50.3%) agreed or strongly agreed that the EHR added to their daily frustration and 97 (32.8%) reported an insufficient amount of time for documentation. After adjustment, insufficient time for documentation (AOR = 3.72 (1.78-7.80)) and the EHR adding to daily frustration (AOR = 2.17 (1.02-4.65)) remained predictors of burnout. CONCLUSIONS: Results from the present study revealed several EHR-related environmental factors are associated with burnout among APRNs. Future studies may explore the impact of addressing these EHR-related factors to mitigate burnout among this population.


Assuntos
Prática Avançada de Enfermagem , Esgotamento Profissional , Registros Eletrônicos de Saúde , Recursos Humanos de Enfermagem/psicologia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Adulto Jovem
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